Trains and cars commercial inspection automated system

FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.

SUBSTANCE: U-shaped carrying structure is installed over track in which four video cameras are mounted to receive pictures of car roof, left-hand and right-hand sides and to check condition of seals of tank hatch covers, nine optoelectronic sensors to check car loading gauge, optoelectronic car counter, optoelectronic wheelset counter, optoelectronic train head sensor, and searchlights. Output of sensors are coupled with inputs of indication and matching unit connected by control input to output of personal computer of automated operator's position. Output of indication and matching unit is coupled with computer input to output of which monitor is connected. Car loading gauge sensors are installed on carrying structure to check borders of combined zonal loading gauge and train loading gauge. Outputs of all video cameras are coupled with video inputs of computer. Indication and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of prompt checking of commercial defects affecting safety of traffic and carried loads.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to devices of automatics and telemechanics, the supervising technical and commercial condition of the moving train and the surveillance of the safety, proper stowage and securing of cargo on the rolling stock, health boards, roofs of cars and tanks, availability of cargo residues and fastening accessories.

A device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing two bearings located on both sides of the track, the sensor having a composition, count cars, photoelectric sensors dimensions of the rolling stock, each of which consists of an emitter, an optical system reflector and the photodetector; a connection unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the photoelectric channels, the memory block and the Registrar (USSR Author's certificate No. 1799773, CL 61 To 9/02, 1993).

The disadvantage of this device is to use radar sensors based on reflection, provided additional structural units, such as the reflector and Autonomous optical system, which reduces the reliability of the device and is an additional source of noise in terms of atmospheric phenomena (fog, light illumination by the sun, a spotlight, and others). In addition, give the TWT does not allow visual inspection of the technical and commercial status of trains and carriages.

The known method and system for remote control of cargo in a moving train composition, designed to enable rapid detection of unauthorized access of a moving train composition. In the Park of arrival is an external inspection of the rolling stock by means of stationary cameras overview and detailed inspection (EN 2138077 C1, 6 G 08 In 13/196).

The shortcoming of this invention is that by visual observation of the rolling stock in real time, the operator can observe only perspective images of trains (in particular, the roof of a moving car), generated by the camera overview. Image sides of the car are formed by the camera in-depth review, with a narrow field of view and is designed for imaging small objects (seals etc). With cameras detailed review produce a continuous image recording fast-moving in its field of view of the search objects that cannot be directly detected by the operator visually. Recognize deviations of the image of the observed object from its initial state by comparison with the reference image and the comparison result is judged on the preservation of the cargo, the master image of the observed object previously created in the Park shipment, the manufacturer shall eat video rolling in identical driving conditions, which is then passed into the Park prior to your arrival the observed object. In addition, the invention does not allow the control of oversize loading cars on rolling stock for the safe movement of rail transport.

A device for automated detection and registration violations of the dimensions of the loading of the rolling stock with the simultaneous observation of the composition of the top, containing the sensor the beginning of the composition and the U-shaped gate installed above by rail, mounted on them five sensors control the size of the rolling stock in the form of optoelectronic channels constructed along the contour shape of the maximum size of a structure, sensor counting cars, camera, hinged to the crossbar and connected by radio by means of the connection unit with the position of the operator, containing the VCR, personal computer (PC), a display unit (RU 2066282 C1, 6 61 To 9/02).

The disadvantage of this device lies in the need to install additional supports for placement of the optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition, of inaccurate account of the cars due to the presence in the composition of cars of different types and purposes (for example, possible double counting of the same car, when the car without flanges and a few goods it sconce is transferred for a limited area of the floor of the car, which leads to the closure of the luminous flux sensor counting cars), in the absence of Autonomous operation mode of the connection unit when the failure of a personal electronic computer operator, also mounted on the crossbar of the U-shaped gate one camera does not provide an opportunity to examine the sides of the wagons, recording video camera is an analog video recorder, which reduces the reliability of the device. However, in its technical essence and the achieved result of this decision is closest offer.

The objective of the proposed automated system of commercial inspection of trains and wagons (ASKO PV) is enabling the rapid detection of commercial failures that threaten the safety of train operation and safety of cargo, checking the proper stowage and securing of cargo on the rolling stock, health boards, roofs of cars and tanks, availability of cargo residues and fastening accessories.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that in the automated system of commercial inspection of trains and wagons containing optoelectronic sensor the beginning of the composition and installed over the rail by the U-shaped supporting structure, which includes a television camera, is intended is to obtain images of the roofs of the carriages, five optoelectronic sensors monitoring gabaritos loading wagons, optoelectronic sensor counting cars, the outputs of the sensors are connected to the inputs of the indication unit and approval, the output of the display unit and approvals associated with the entrance of a personal computer (PC) workstation operator, the output of which is connected monitor, added four optoelectronic sensor control gabaritos loading wagons, optoelectronic sensor account wheelset, three television cameras, designed to obtain images of the left and right sides of the wagons, and control seals hatches of tanks, and spotlights, additional monitoring sensors gabaritos loading carriages mounted on the carrier design with control together with other similar sensors borders combined zonal loading gauge and gauge rolling stock, optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition, of an optoelectronic sensor account wheelset, television cameras left and right sides of carriages mounted on poles, television camera control seals hatches of tanks on the bolt, and the lights on the bearings and the bolt bearing structure, the outputs of all the television cameras connected to video inputs PC outputs additional sensors GABA is itnote loading of wagons and sensor account wheelsets are connected to the corresponding inputs of the indication unit, and approvals, connected to the controlling input to output PC, and the display unit and agreement executed with the ability to work offline. The introduction of an additional four sensors control gabaritos loading allows control of borders combined zonal loading gauge and dimensions of the rolling stock; the introduction of the sensor to account wheelset accurate account of the cars when the train of cars of various types and purposes, the location of the sensor the beginning of the composition does not require the installation of additional supports, the introduction of three additional cameras allows inspection of rolling stock from the left side of the car, right side of the car and control seals hatches of tanks, the introduction of five projectors ensures operation in low light conditions. Execution of the display unit and agree to work in offline mode, and running the PC operator increases the reliability of the system.

The software of the automated workplace of the operator commercial inspection provides the following functions: receiving PC operator information about the number of locomotives in part on the local network from the automated control system of the sorting station; a control display unit and approval; receiving information about nagamori the values of loading cars passing structure from the display unit and approval; the logged data passing trains; displaying on the screen of the PC operator rehabilitate passing rolling stock; audible indication of the beginning of the composition and oversized cars; the display of the video passing with three television cameras (depending on operator's choice); write to the hard disk of compressed video images from four cameras; select any camera for full screen view; storage archive video images, limited only by the size of the hard drive; preview the video on the screen of the PC operator in windowed or full-screen mode, a playback image with an arbitrary speed in forward and reverse direction; frame advance and freeze mode; the scaling is arbitrary image areas in the freeze mode; correction of geometric distortion of the image caused by the use of cameras with wide-angle lenses for inspection of state boards of cars; search video and data oversized transit-time composition, number, composition, sequence and stock number of the car; print video image; printing the help of commercial failures cars; recording, storing and editing of information about the adopted trains, cars and found rehabilitated; the editing data structures and cars; testing the display unit and coordination; identification of the operators of individual electronic key registration; transfer on LAN messages with information about the composition. When the output PC of the operator from the operation or commissioning of the system equipment control of oversize loading wagons running in offline mode, In this mode, the display unit and approval provides the following functions: manual input of the number of locomotives; the reception of signals from the sensors; a display sequence number of the car, the display areas of the oversize loading using the indicator “OVERSIZE” on the front panel of the unit. The program provides the following modes of operation: monitor mode, the standby mode of composition, the mode of the composition, the mode of viewing the archive, zoom mode image, the test mode of the display unit and approval.

The technical result of the proposed system is to provide visual and audible control combined zonal loading gauge and gauge rolling stock, visual inspection of the commercial state of the rolling stock as it passes in the control zone by a sensor of the beginning of the composition, sensor counting cars, sensor account wheelset, nine monitoring sensors gabaritos loading cars and cameras, levov the side of the car, the roof of the car, right side of the car and control seals hatches of tanks (depending on operator's choice) in real time on the screen of the PC operator in the “split screen” (simultaneous display three Windows images from television cameras and output window oversized displaying the current number of the car, the zone of oversize red line segment forming a sound signal detection of oversize) or full-screen mode; generating a report (help) identified oversized; the creation of a video archive.

Figure 1 shows the block diagram of the system (the location of the lighting system not shown). Figure 2 presents the layout of the system on the supporting structure.

Each optoelectronic sensor is a two-position device, consisting of a block of the radiator (BY 1...BI 12) and the unit of the photodetector (BF 13...BF 24). The emitter generates an infrared beam, which is directed to the photodetector. To ensure the implementation of the control sensors are secured on the U-shaped gate mounted on the rail means, and is placed so that the infrared rays form the boundary zone gabaritos, providing operational control of oversize cargo at the intersection of the rays of any of the nine monitoring sensors gabaritos. The output signals of the photodetectors across the distribution box (CR) are delivered to the display unit and approval (BIS), the output of which is connected to the input of a multiport serial Board (MP 50). Power emitters and photodetectors is carried out through the distribution box, power supply (IP 26 and IP2 27).

Television cameras (TC 34, TK 35, TKZ 36, TC 37)installed in temperature-controlled containers (KT1 30, CT 31, CTX 32, CT 33, respectively, and secured to the U-shaped supporting structure, transmit video signals via connection boxes (KS1 42, KS2 43, 44 SPC, SC4 45 respectively to the inputs of video capture cards (PV1 46, PV2 47, THP 48, PP 49, respectively) specialized system unit of the automated workplace of the operator commercial inspection (PRS arm About FFP 51), the output of which connected to the input of the computer monitor (M 54). The output of the network card (CP 52) is connected to the input of the network concentrator (SC 53), the output of which through the local network is connected to the input “file server” (f-55) - archive, with PC workstation the load inspector commercial item inspection (PC workstation PC FFP 56) and an automated control system of the sorting station (AMS SS 57). The power to the camera is supplied from the power sources (SPW 38, IP 39, IP 40, IP6 41); power devices included in the automated workplace of the operator commercial inspection (51) is supplied from the uninterruptible what about power supply (UPS 29).

On the U-shaped supporting structure monitoring sensors gabaritos loading are installed in pairs, forming zones of gabaritos: 1 subzone-BY 9 and BF 21; 2 subzone-BY 10 and BF 22; 3-I zone-BEEP 11 and BF 23; 4-subzone-BI 1 and BF 13; 5-subzone-BI2 2 and BF 14; 6-subzone-BIZ 3 and BFS 15; 7-subzone-BY 4 and BF 4 16; 8-subzone-BY 7 and BF 19; 9-subzone-BY 8 and BF 20. In addition to the sensors monitoring the loading of the cars on the carrier structure is mounted sensor pairs counting cars (BY 5 and BF 17), the sensor accounts wheelset (BI 6 6 and BF 6 18), the sensor beginning composition (BY 12 and BF 24). The sensors are heated in a protective housing. The camera left side of the car (TC 34),the camera carriage roof (TC 35), the camera right side of the car (TKZ 36), the camera control seals hatches of tanks (TC 37) set protective temperature-controlled containers (KT1 30, CT 31, CTX 32, CT 33) and fixed on the supports and cross-bar of the U-shaped supporting structure. To ensure operation in low light conditions using five lights, which are secured on the supporting structure (figure 2 shows a conventionally). Install junction boxes (CR), power sources (IP 26, IP2 27, SPW 38, IP 39, IP 40, IP6 41) in figure 2 is not shown.

The system works as follows.

The operator, after receiving information about the approximation of the control zone, enters in the PC (51) data on the number of lo is motivo in the composition and number of the part or the data transferred to the PC (51) on the local network from the automated system control station (ACS S) automatically. PC (51) transmits the data to the display unit and approval (BIS) over the communication channel in accordance with standard RS-232, in which the load on the internal counter of the cars. At the entrance of the composition in the control zone locomotive crosses the ray from the unit emitter (BI 12) sensor the beginning of the composition. Information about the intersection of the beam formed by the block of the photodetector (BP 24) of the sensor output signal is supplied to the display unit and approval (BIS), which generates an electrical pulse and transmits on a multiport serial Board (MP 50) the signal of the beginning of video recording. The video signals from cameras (TC 34, TK 35, TKZ 36, TC 37) arrive at the input (PV1 46, PV2 47, PP 48, PW 49), and on the monitor (M54) displays information from the selected operator to view three TV cameras. The display unit and approval (BIS) provides an account of the wagons in the control zone of overlapping probe beam account wheelset (BY 6 and BF 18) and a sensor counting cars (BY 5 and BF 17). Increases counter sequence number of the car on the front panel of the display unit and approval (BIS 28), and BIS (28) passes on a multiport serial Board (MP) specialized system unit (SSB) data on the beginning and end of the composition, the current number of the car. At the intersection of the ray sensors, forming the border zone gabaritos, the sensors form revenue notice. Through the junction box (CR) alarm notification using equipment transmitting signals supplied to the display unit and approval (BIS), which generates light (with indication of phase oversize) and the audio signal of the beam overlap any of the nine monitoring sensors gabaritos loading, transmits status data of the sensors and the number value of the car in the PC(51) for processing on the monitor (M54) area of oversize is displayed as a red line segment. On the front panel of the display unit and approval (BIS) lights up the corresponding led is “OVERSIZED”. The fact of oversize is logged in the event log from the commit sequence number of the car with oversized loading. In the course of the composition operator can mark viewed the car at the time visual detection of commercial failure. The inclusion of the lighting system in the dark is carried out automatically by photocell.

The results of the inspection of the condition of rail cars and cargo by means of the automated system of commercial inspection of trains and wagons (ASKO PV) are handled by the operator workstation Of FFP (marking of wagons, installation or removal of the prohibition to put the car in stock, enter notes about the commercial failures in the table “Cars”). After treatment p the results of the inspection of the condition of rail cars and cargo is automatically generated certificate found commercial fault-controlled composition, which is passed to the automated workplace of the load inspector commercial item inspection (AWS SS FFP 56). Based on these data, the operator workstation PC FFP (56) generates accounting records on controlled composition and transmits it via the local network to an automated control system of the sorting station (AMS SS 57).

The geometry of the installation of cameras and sensors relative to the supporting structure should provide a number of special requirements:

- for mounting cameras to the vertical supports and farm use special clamps, covering the vertical supports and the place of their installation on the farm;

in order to obtain a complete and high-quality images of the walls and roof of the car, camera left side of the car (TC 34) and the camera right side of the car (TKZ 36) are installed at a height H m above the rail head, and Luggage the roof of the car (TC 35) and the control chamber seals hatches of tanks (TC 37) - at the height of 9.4 m on farm (along the longitudinal axis path);

the emitters and receivers of sensors mounted on the supports by means of clamp, and on the farm - special brackets, the emitters ground sensors (BI 7, BY 8, BI 10) are mounted on brackets attached to buried in the ground concrete base;

- coordinate point of placement of sensors on poles and farm are calculated so that h the ordinary points of intersection of adjacent beams of the sensors had coordinates, established for combined zonal dimension of the current technical conditions of loading and securing of cargo for each project is a unique calculation of coordinates);

- the unit emitter (BI 6 6) and the unit of the photodetector (BF 6 18) of the sensor accounts wheels installed at a height of 80 mm from the rail head;

- the unit emitter (BI 5) sensor counting cars is set at a height of H=0,213(5868+L2) mm, where L2 is the measured distance from the center of the railroad track to the center of the right support (the level of the rail head); a receiver unit (BF 17) sensor counting cars is set at a height of H=0,213(5868-1) mm, where L1 is the distance measured from the center of the railroad track to the center of the left support (the level of the rail heads);

- the unit emitter (BI 12) and the unit of the photodetector (BP 24) of the sensor the beginning of the composition are set at a height of 2.6 m from the rail head;

- power television cameras, lighting systems and sensors, as well as the transmission of video signals is carried out according to the relevant cables.

The geometry of the installation of the supporting structure should provide a number of special requirements:

- the distance from the supporting structure to the nearest switch must be at least 30 m (both sides);

the axis of each of the vertical supports must be at a distance of not less than 3800 mm the t to the longitudinal axis of the path;

- height from the rail head to the lower zones of the beams is not less than 9400 mm;

- must be provided by the symmetrical arrangement of the vertical supports of the supporting structure relative to the longitudinal axis of the path;

- support must be installed vertically and stable in this position;

- the distance between the axes of adjacent paths (width intertrack spaces) in the setup bearings bearing design of the system should not be less than 5300 mm;

- not allowed carrier system design curves in sections of the route;

- the supporting structure of the system in place of its location at the station and outdoor equipment system should not limit established by the rules of technical operation of Railways (PTE) train speed and not cause complications in the train and shunting work station;

- when choosing placements carrier system design should proceed from the need to ensure a minimum length of power lines and communication (management) system ASKO PV;

- on both sides of the carrier system design sections of the path length of 50 mm should be straight and horizontal, with margins exceeding levels of rail head top a controlled way over each other within not more than 15 mm

An automated system of commercial almotriptan and cars, containing optoelectronic sensor the beginning of the composition and installed over the rail by the U-shaped supporting structure, which includes a television camera designed to image the roofs of cars, five of optoelectronic sensors monitoring gabaritos loading wagons, optoelectronic sensor counting cars, while the outputs of the sensors are connected to the inputs of the indication unit and approval, the output of the display unit and approvals associated with the entrance of a personal computer (PC) workstation operator, the output of which is connected a monitor, characterized in that it introduced four additional optoelectronic sensor control gabaritos loading wagons, optoelectronic sensor accounts wheel pairs, three additional television camera designed to capture images of the left and right sides of the wagons, and control seals hatches of tanks, and spotlights, additional monitoring sensors gabaritos loading carriages mounted on the supporting structure with control together with other similar sensors borders combined zonal loading gauge and gauge rolling stock, optoelectronic sensor of the beginning of the composition, of an optoelectronic sensor account wheelset, TV cameras, the lion is the first and right sides of carriages mounted on poles, television camera control seals hatches of tanks on the bolt, and the lights on the bearings and the bolt bearing structure, the outputs of all the television cameras connected to video inputs PC outputs additional monitoring sensors gabaritos loading of wagons and sensor account wheelsets are connected to the corresponding inputs of the indication unit and approvals, managing connected input to output of the PC, the display unit and agreement executed with the ability to work offline.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: first of all borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge are determined by outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge and pickups are mounted on said borders. Device for implementing proposed method is made in form of electronic gates and it contains pickup to detect beginning of train and U-shaped carrying structure installed over track. Five loading gauge pickups and train car counter are arranged on carrying structure. Outputs of all pickups are coupled with input of display and matching unit whose output is connected with personal computer. Four additional loading gauge pickups are provided being installed at borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge at outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge, and wheelset counter arranged on U-shaped carrying structure. Train beginning detector is also mounted on U-shaped structure. Display and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of visual and sound control of zonal loading gauge of trains.

3 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to railway transport, namely, devices for detecting slack of items on the go rolling stock

The invention relates to systems of automatics and telemechanics on railway transport

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to devices of automatics and telemechanics, exercising control of a technical condition of a moving train and surveillance quality stowage and cargo type

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: first of all borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge are determined by outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge and pickups are mounted on said borders. Device for implementing proposed method is made in form of electronic gates and it contains pickup to detect beginning of train and U-shaped carrying structure installed over track. Five loading gauge pickups and train car counter are arranged on carrying structure. Outputs of all pickups are coupled with input of display and matching unit whose output is connected with personal computer. Four additional loading gauge pickups are provided being installed at borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge at outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge, and wheelset counter arranged on U-shaped carrying structure. Train beginning detector is also mounted on U-shaped structure. Display and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of visual and sound control of zonal loading gauge of trains.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.

SUBSTANCE: U-shaped carrying structure is installed over track in which four video cameras are mounted to receive pictures of car roof, left-hand and right-hand sides and to check condition of seals of tank hatch covers, nine optoelectronic sensors to check car loading gauge, optoelectronic car counter, optoelectronic wheelset counter, optoelectronic train head sensor, and searchlights. Output of sensors are coupled with inputs of indication and matching unit connected by control input to output of personal computer of automated operator's position. Output of indication and matching unit is coupled with computer input to output of which monitor is connected. Car loading gauge sensors are installed on carrying structure to check borders of combined zonal loading gauge and train loading gauge. Outputs of all video cameras are coupled with video inputs of computer. Indication and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of prompt checking of commercial defects affecting safety of traffic and carried loads.

2 dwg

FIELD: railway transport; signaling and communication.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains U-shaped carrying installed over track. Optoelectronic car counter, train beginning pickup, wheel counter, video camera of car left side and video camera of car right side are mounted on vertical supports of carrying structure. Video camera of car roof is secured on carrying structure crossmember and searchlights are mounted on vertical supports and on crossmember. Outputs of pickups are coupled through indicator and matching unit with input of workstation system unit. Outputs of video cameras are coupled with corresponding video inputs of workstation system unit. Workstation is made for displaying image of passing train on computer monitor screen in real time simultaneously from three cameras under POLYSCREEN conditions, and also for full-screen viewing of train from one of chosen video cameras, recording of compressed video from three video cameras of hard disk, reproducing of video record and forming of video archive.

EFFECT: improved on-line detection of commercial troubles on rolling stock.

2 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

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EFFECT: improved reliability.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for checking state, safety and overall dimensions of carried cargoes. Proposed method includes getting of video image of outer surface of train, checking of observation of loading gauge limits when passing clearance gate check zone. Infra-red image of each unit of train and cargo in train at different aspects coinciding with aspects of video images, for instance, from sides and top, are obtained. Contour image is separated from obtained video image and type of train unit is identified by comparing contour video image with known standard video image kept in data base of workstation computer and with infra-red image by comparing their scale images. Position and level of cargo inside car is determined by comparing infra-red and video contour images. Received data are checked against train schedule and, basing on results of checking, state, overall dimensions and safety to cargo are determined. Proposed system has clearance gates with optoelectronic sensors, TV camera, train beginning sensor and carrying structure for infra-red set.

EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: device contains origin of coordinates sensor, evaluator for bulkiness coordinate, memory unit and control unit. In addition, scanner and control unit for scanner are introduced into the device. By means of scanner and its control unit scanning is performed in horizontal plane located at height. This allows detection of transport overhead clearance violation at distance of 15-20 m before this transport would cross clearance gage plane. Fact of violation is registered by photoelectric detectors and via control unit turns on warning sound and light also located on clearance gage. Thus, driver is warned about impermissibility of further moving. Providing the locomotive driver of approaching train with warning about foreign object presence at rail crossing or possible damage of through bridge let minimise accident risk due to overhead clearance violation by transport.

EFFECT: on improvement of means for transport bulkiness monitoring.

2 dwg

FIELD: railway engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, specifically to remote monitoring of dimensions and positioning correctness of cargo carried on open rolling-stock (RS). The method includes determination of areas and degrees of cargo oversising on open rolling-stock using television images, monitoring of loading size limits observance when RS passes control area formed by optical limits of clearance gage sensors, video monitoring of passing RS. Telecameras are located in pairs in desired area of zones and cargo oversising degrees monitoring. Optoelectronic sensors are set along borders of RS loading gage. Information about limiting dimensions violation is transmitted over communication channels and displayed on monitor screen of operator's personal computer (PC). To attract operator's attention to violation, alarm signal with violation area indication is generated. Oversize cargo point of interest is indicated using cursor on computer monitor screen, and oversize cargo position is calculated using PC. Oversising degree zones of cargoes are determined from vertical coordinate, and oversising degrees of cargoes are determined from horizontal coordinate of oversize cargo. Obtained information is displayed on computer monitor screen with specification of coordinates from track centerline and from rail head level to the edge of oversize cargo.

EFFECT: providing RS movement safety insured by timely detection of oversize cargo in train during monitoring zones and degrees of cargo oversising on RS using television images.

2 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to measuring control tools and can be used for inspection and determination of overall dimensions of cars of train set on railway transport. Method involves measurement of distances by means of laser ranging systems simultaneously to car walls or load in two controlled transverse vertical planes at various heights from level of rail head, recording of the involved information to memory of computing device, formation of image in the form of bitmaps, comparison of the formed images with the image of maximum allowable loading size, which is pre-recorded in the memory of computing device and if it is exceeded, alarm audio signal is generated. Device includes clearance gauge with optic units connected by means of communication links to computing device to which monitor, image processing unit and comparing unit of limits of loading gauge is connected. Output of computing device is connected to input of image processing unit the output of which is connected to the first input of comparing unit of loading gauge, to the second output of which the output of memory unit of computing device is connected, in which there pre-recorded is the image of maximum allowable loading gauge, and output of computing unit is connected to the second input of monitor.

EFFECT: enlarging the area of remote control of loading gauges of cars owing to using laser ranging systems.

2 cl, 16 dwg

Car control device // 2410263

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device incorporates optical cameras mounted on the supports and connected to operator workstation computer. Two optical cameras are arranged in symmetry above car lateral sides. Optical camera allows covering one car. Said cameras are made up of digital cameras connected, by one cable, with computer for it to control "Shooting" and "Video shooting" and, be another cable, to video control device.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved quality of control.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: device for controlling freight dimensions and rolling stock in the process of their movement comprises the laser triangulation sensors with the integrated microprocessor control system, the U-shaped frame equipped with brackets and outriggers attached to the racks of the U-shaped frame. The racks and the cross-beam of the U-shaped frame are made in the form of trusses equipped with cable channels and brackets for attaching gauges. Sixteen laser triangulation sensors with the integrated dimension microprocessor control system are installed along the perimeter of the U-shaped frame in a staggered set. At the edge of the U-shaped frame at the height of 1080 mm from the level of the railhead on the outriggers attached to the truss of the U-shaped frame at the level of the carriage body frame, there is a train presence sensor, at the height of 2300 mm from the level of the railhead there is the scanner for recognizing and fixing the carriage numbers. The outputs of microprocessor control systems of all sixteen dimension control sensors, the outputs of the scanner and the train presence sensor are connected to the unified data processing system, that automatically starts after the activation of the train presence sensor. Processing the readings of all sensors is performed in real time, and the analysis results are supplied to the control room.

EFFECT: improved reliability of the dimensions control, simplifying the installation of sensors, ensuring the device operation automation.

5 dwg

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