Apparatus for automatic irrigation of plants in pots

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment used for prolonged automatic irrigation of house plants in pots through drain openings in case of prolonged absence of hosts, for example, during vacation.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has individual tray for receiving pot with flower and independent water supplying source provided with level regulator and positioned in consumer vessel thereof. Tray and consumer vessel are connected through flexible siphon having inlet arranged below water level set in consumer vessel and outlet whose end is provided with tongue to be attached in tray under pan bottom. Flexible siphon is made transparent and equipped with catch. Distance from site of attachment of catch to consumer vessel exceeds liquid level height therein. In order to water several plants, several flexible siphons may be used. Apparatus allows several plants to be simultaneously watered and/or volume of independent water supplying source to be increased.

EFFECT: reduced area of free water surface, reduced volume of water for providing desired water level in trays under pans.

4 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the agricultural industry and can be used for automatic irrigation of potted plants through the drainage holes during the long absence of the owners, for example during their vacation.

A device for the automatic irrigation of flowers in pots (see Japan patent No. 2853948, CL 6 a 01 G 27/00, 1999), containing the pallet with hydrophilic Mat and holes in the bottom panel. The Mat has a bottom layer for water retention and top layer to absorb. Through each of the holes in the bottom panel missing absorptivity wicks, one ends of which contact with the Mat, and others immersed in the water of an irrigation canal. Water from the canal for water-absorbing wicks enters the Mat and uniformly impregnates it. Pots are placed on the Mat, and water through the drainage holes in the pots irrigates its plants.

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result when using the known device are its structural complexity and large unproductive consumption of water for soaking the Mat and evaporation from its surface.

Known automatic irrigation device for potted plants (see Japan patent No. 2930545, CL 6 a 01 G 27/00, 1999), contains a source of water supply from the main pipe, with the clap is by supply and discharge of water, United hoses with pipe trays for placement of pots with plants and the control of water level in the trays, made in the form of level sensor and controller that provides the opening and closing of valves in accordance with the water level in the trays. The water from the trays through the drainage holes in the pots which irrigates plants in them.

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result when using the known device are its complexity and the need for a power source for actuation of the control level.

Known automatic device for supplying plants with water (see Germany application No. 19808654, CL 6 a 01 G 27/00, 1999), containing connected to the power supply plastic case in which by means of a float level control is maintained a predetermined water level and set the lattice, on which stands the pot with the plant. Water through the drainage hole in the pot irrigates the plant.

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result when using known devices are wasteful consumption of water to create the required level in the mailbox, the relative structural complexity, the limited number of irrigated plants.

It is known so the e device for automatic irrigation of plants in pots (see the Japan patent No. 2995653, CL 6 a 01 G 27/00, 1999), which is the totality of symptoms is the closest analogue of the claimed invention.

The known device comprises a tray with water in which you installed the pot with the plant and an independent source of water supply with level control. The source of water supply is made in the form of a vessel with a sealed top, through which the tube communicates with the water filling the tray.

The known device operates as follows.

Water through drainage holes in the pot irrigates the plant. As lowering the water level in the sump end of the tube is open, the cavity of the vessel in the upper part communicates with the atmosphere and water from the vessel through the outlet enters the pallet to resume previous level.

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result when using the known devices are limited in the amount of irrigated plants and a small amount of supply, and increasing the size of the pallet to accommodate several pots and/or supply a larger volume will lead to an increase in free water surface in the pan and, as a consequence, the corresponding wasteful consumption of water for evaporation and creating her neobhodimogo.

The task, which is aimed by the invention is the creation of a simple design automatic irrigation of potted plants, providing economical water consumption, increasing the duration of the Autonomous irrigation.

The technical result obtained by carrying out the claimed invention, is to provide opportunities increase Autonomous water source and/or the number of irrigated plants without increasing the free surface of the water in the trays and reduce its volume to create the necessary level.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved by the inventive device for the automatic irrigation of plants in pots containing tray to install it the pot with the plant and an independent source of water supply with level control, in contrast to the known device is provided with an additional debit tank and connected thereto installed below the liquid level flexible siphon, the water supply source installed in the supply tank and the outlet end of the flexible siphon provided with a tongue, with the possibility of fixing it in the tray under the pot.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved by the fact that the flexible siphon made of prozrachnoj the material, the supply tank is provided with an additional flexible plate, and a flexible plate provided with hooks, the distance from the fixation on the siphon to feed tank exceed the height of the fluid level in it.

The drawing shows the proposed device for the automatic irrigation of potted plants.

The device comprises a tray 1 which has a pot with 2 plant 3 and with a drainage hole 4. An independent source of water supply vessel 5 with sealed upper part 6 and the outlet 7 is installed in the optional tray - feed tank 8, which is installed below its level connected flexible siphon 9. Tube 10 connecting the sealed upper part 6 of the receptacle 5 with water in the supply tank 8, acts as a level control. The end 11 of the siphon 9 provided with a tongue 12 with the possibility of fixing it in the pan 1 under the pot 2.

The preferred shape and dimensions of the cross section and the height of the supply tank 8 provide for placement of the vessel 5 and fixing it in a vertical or close to it position. Siphon 9 provided with a hook 13, the distance from the place of attaching the siphon 9 to the supply tank 8 is greater than the height of the installed level of liquid in it.

The proposed device operates as follows.

Zadamlya tongue 12 under the bottom of the pot 2, the end 11 of the flexible siphon 9 is installed in the tray 1. In the vessel 5 pour the water, turning his head up and set vertically in the supply tank 8. By adjusting the distance of the end of the tube 10 to the bottom of the supply tank 8, set the water level in the supply tank 8, is larger than the total thickness of the pallet 1 and the bottom of the pot 2. Then the tray 1 pot 2 and plant 3 is lowered below the water level in the supply tank 8, is filled with water flexible siphon 9 and return the pan 1 pot 2 and plant 3 at the same place.

The water in the tray 1 and in the supply tank 8, as in communicating vessels is set at the same level. Plant 3 is irrigated through the vent hole 4 in the bottom of the pot 2.

When the lowering of the water level in the tray 1 and respectively in the supply tank 8 end of the tube 10 is open, the upper part 6 of the receptacle 5 is communicated with the atmosphere, and water from the vessel 5 through the outlet 7 is delivered into the supply tank 8 and then through the siphon 9 pallet 1 to resume previous level, which further supported the same automatically when there is water in the vessel 5.

The implementation of flexible siphons 9 of transparent material allows you to control the weight of their filling with water.

If the supply tank 8 to connect multiple flexible siphons 9 the number of irrigated plants from one water source may be increased.

On the flexible plate 9 can be installed hooks 13. In this case, if you irrigate a smaller number of plants, the free ends 11 of unused flexible siphons 9 with hooks 13 is fixed above the fluid level in the supply tank 8. With sufficient wall height of the supply tank 8 can be used to fasten the hooks 13 and the fixing of the vessel 5 in the working position.

The inventive solution allows for irrigation of potted plants to use standard pallets for each pot and thereby reduce the magnitude of the free surface of the water and thus reduce its wasteful consumption for evaporation and the creation of the necessary level in the pan.

The shape and especially the volume of the source Autonomous water - vessel 5 with level control, placed in its own separate supply tank 8 can be arbitrary, satisfying the needs of the user, and limited to reasonable limits.

Thus, it is seen that the above data confirm the possibility of implementing the claimed invention, the achievement of the technical result and solve the problem.

1. Device for the automatic irrigation of plants in pots containing tray to install it the pot with the plant and an independent source of water supply, p is gulation level, characterized in that the device is equipped with additional supplies of capacity, and it is connected to installed below the liquid level flexible siphon, the water supply source installed in the supply tank and the outlet end of the flexible siphon provided with a tongue, with the possibility of fixing it in the tray under the pot.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the flexible siphon made of a transparent material.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it supplies the tank is provided with an additional flexible siphon.

4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the flexible plate provided with hooks, the distance from the fixation on the siphon to feed tank exceed the height of the fluid level in it.



 

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment used for prolonged automatic irrigation of house plants in pots through drain openings in case of prolonged absence of hosts, for example, during vacation.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has individual tray for receiving pot with flower and independent water supplying source provided with level regulator and positioned in consumer vessel thereof. Tray and consumer vessel are connected through flexible siphon having inlet arranged below water level set in consumer vessel and outlet whose end is provided with tongue to be attached in tray under pan bottom. Flexible siphon is made transparent and equipped with catch. Distance from site of attachment of catch to consumer vessel exceeds liquid level height therein. In order to water several plants, several flexible siphons may be used. Apparatus allows several plants to be simultaneously watered and/or volume of independent water supplying source to be increased.

EFFECT: reduced area of free water surface, reduced volume of water for providing desired water level in trays under pans.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and hydroponics. The method applies arrangement of terraces, including bulldoser arrangement as well. Vertical walls are reinforced with protective panels fixed by means of fastening cords that outgo from piled anchoring at higher slope horizons or on the opposite side of a slope. The terrace base is protected with decks, under which there are the support pedestals of cultivation pipes and pipelines of nutrient solution circulation system, as well as the main reservoir with a working nutrient solution in case of its underground arrangement. Lines of drain pipes that collect water in accumulator tanks are placed between fastening cords. The system comprises cultivation pipes, support pedestals, manifolds of nutrient solution circulation, arranged on terraces. The terraces on slopes are arranged with protective panels reinforced with fastening cords, between which there are lines of drain pipes that remove moisture from slope soil into an accumulator tank with its subsequent use for domestic and/or process purposes. The nutrient solution circulation system is arranged with the possibility to arrange the main reservoir with the working nutrient solution in a place, which is protected from overheating and exposure to cold - under ground, in a niche of the vertical terrace wall. A vertical stand with a nozzle to spray nutrient solution is located inside a cultivation pipe and is protected against overheating and exposure to cold. Cultivation pipes are connected by fastening links and are fixed with braces that increase the structure stability under impact of wind loads.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to grow vegetables and fruit in intensive mode on slopes.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: preassembled container for plants comprises the first pot for the plant, the second pot and a wick. The second pot is connected to the first pot to form a liquid reservoir. The wick is positioned between the fluid reservoir and the first pot. The wick can transport the fluid from the fluid reservoir to the first pot. The fluid reservoir has a hole for filling. The hole is positioned on the top side of thepreassembled container or near it. The first pot can be positioned in the second pot with a tight fit. The fluid reservoir is positioned substantially lower than the first pot. The wick extends between the first and the second pots. The wick approaches the first pot near its top edge and extends inward of the mentioned pot. The first pot is substantially waterproof. The preassembled container can prevent transporting of liquid between the reservoir and the growth medium by another path, different from the wick.

EFFECT: increased service time.

16 cl, 23 dwg

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