Method of and device for recovery of vehicle from water

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of pulling vehicle out of water. According to proposed method, prior to moving the tractor, pontoon with platform held by wire rope is hinge mounted on tractor tube-manhole and ladder is hinge secured between pontoon and tube-manhole. Rope is fastened on pontoon. Other end of rope is connected with wire rope arranged on tractor. Towing ropes are secured on towing hooks of vehicle, and free ends of towing ropes are connected by ropes with floats. Tractor is moved under water to vehicle. Wire rope is released and pontoon is rigged out. Pontoon remains afloat. Operator passes from tube-manhole along ladder to pontoon, end of wire rope arranged on tractor is pulled out by rope and is secured on pontoon. Tractor is stopped at bogged vehicle. Standing on pontoon, operator pulls out of water the float, rope and end of vehicle towing rope, connects ends of wire ropes of tractor and vehicle and drops connected ends of wire ropes in water, and tractor is moved out of water to bank. Device for implementing the method contains tractor equipped for moving under water and provided with wire rope, pull winch and tube-manhole. Pontoon with plat form held by wire is hinge-mounted on tractor tube-manhole. Ladder is hinge-secured between pontoon and tube-manhole. Rope is secured on pontoon whose other end is connected with end of tractor wire rope.

EFFECT: improved reliability, reduced cost of preparation of vehicle for pulling out of water.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of evacuation equipment, precisely the evacuation of cars out of the water with difficulty.

When crossing vehicles, such as tanks under water, organized rescue and recovery group, one of whose missions is to evacuation vehicles ashore when they jam.

When the delay evacuation of water stopped the machine there is a danger of loss of crew due to flooding of the machine and greatly increases the repair time of the machine.

The known method of evacuation of the machine from the water, which use intermediate cable between the machine and the tractor. First, it stopped the car coming in the boat, and the free end of the tow rope machine get out of the water. Then to the boat swims conveyor with Packed intermediate cable, and one end of this rope is served in the boat and connect to a tow rope machine. Then the conveyor moves ashore the other end of the intermediate cable and connect it to the tractor, which pulls the car out of the water (see "a Guide to overcoming water obstacles tanks, IFV and APC (CWP-84)". - M.: Voenizdat, 1984, s-95).

It is also known a device for the evacuation of vehicles from water containing tractor with tow rope, boat and Transporter with an intermediate cable (ibid.).

The disadvantages of these methods and devices is their low reliability PR is a high rate of flow of water, bad weather conditions and other external factors, as well as the high cost of the boat and Transporter.

There is also known a method of evacuating vehicles from the water by a tractor, is prepared for motion under water with the pipe-manhole. For evacuation in this way the tractor comes to a stopped car to the same place on a boat take a diver, which concatenates a tow truck with a car, then a truck pulls a car on the beach (see "a Guide to overcoming water obstacles tanks, IFV and APC (CWP-84)". - M.: Voenizdat, 1984, p.98-99) prototype.

It is also known a device for the evacuation of vehicles from water containing tractor with tow rope, boat and diving equipment (ibid) prototype.

The disadvantages of these methods and devices are conducting a long and dangerous diving operations, and the use of boats.

The present invention is to improve the reliability and reducing the cost of evacuation vehicles out of the water.

The technical result of the invention consists in that in the known method of evacuation of the machine from the water in which the evacuation operate a tractor with cables under water to the machine, the hitch of the tractor with the machine and pulling the machine out of the water, on the tractor, place pop-up pontoon, on which concatenate the ropes of the tractor and the machine.

In the known device for the evacuation of the machine from the water and is holding the truck with the tow rope and pipe, manhole, on the carrier hinged pontoon and placed intermediate the rope.

Figure 1 shows the device in the initial position; figure 2 is a device in the working position at different depths of the reservoir; figure 3 - options for the implementation of the method.

Figure 1-3 shows: 1 - machine; 2 - tractor-pipe-manhole; 3 - tractor; 4 - coupling cables; 5 - tube-hole; 6 - bearing; 7 and 8 - hinges; 9 - pontoon; 10 - ladder; 11 - wire; 12 - gauge; 13 - handle; 14 - spring loaded hinges; 15 - absorber; 16 - wire; 17 - rope.

Implementation of the method and operation of the device occurs as follows.

In the initial position on the pipe-hole 5 of the tractor 2 fixed bearing 6, which is pivotally mounted pontoon 9 with the pad held by the cable 11. The spring 14 is compressed. Inside and outside pipe-manhole installed brackets 12, between the pontoon and the pipe-manhole hinged ladder 10 with handles 13 and on the bottom of the pontoon fixed dampers 15. On the pontoon rope is fixed 17, the other end of which is connected to the end of the rope 16, placed on the tractor. The tractor is equipped with a traction winch.

On tow hooks machines attached the tow rope, the free ends of which are connected with ropes. The free ends of the ropes are connected with floats.

The implementation of the method is carried out in three variants:

a) feed the cable 16 to the car 1 truck 2 with a pipe, manhole tractor 3 on the shore;

b) evacuation mash is by the tractor-pipe-manhole;

the evacuation of two tractors in coupling.

For evacuation exercise movement of the tractor 2 with pipe-manhole 5, pontoon 9 and the rope 16, arranged on the body of the tractor, under the water to the machine 1, then release the cable 11 and open the pontoon 9 with spring-loaded handles, which remains afloat, moving with the pipe-manhole on the ladder 10 on the pontoon, rope 17 pull the end of the rope 16 and fix it on the pontoon, stop the tractor about a jammed machine, with pontoon pulled out of the water the float rope and the end of the tow rope machine, dropping the United ends of the cables into the water, followed by movement tractor out of the water on the beach, unwinding the cable 16, and serves the other end of that cable to the shore.

After that, when the first version (figa) attach the end of the rope 16 to the carrier 3, which evacuated the car out of the water.

The second option (figb) unwind the cable pulling winch tractor 2, attach the end of the rope 16 to the winch cable and evacuate the car out of the water.

In the third embodiment (Resv) attach the end of the rope 16 to the towing hook of the tractor 2 and tow the car out of the water or connect the cable to the tractor 2 and 3 and evacuate the car out of the water by two tractors.

The use of the method and device allows you to evacuate stuck under water machine without involving swimming facilities, as well as significantly increase the reliability of evacuat and under adverse conditions.

1. The method of preparation of machines for the evacuation of water, namely, that before the movement of the tractor on its tube-hole hinge place the pontoon with the pad held by the rope between the pontoon and the pipe-manhole pivotally secure the ladder on the pontoon fix the rope, the other end of which is connected to an end of the cable is placed on the tractor, tow hooks machines fix it tow ropes, the free ends of which connect her ropes with floats, operate tractor under water to the machine, release the rope and open the pontoon, which remains afloat, moving with the pipe-manhole on the ladder to the pontoon, rope pulling end of the cable is placed on the carrier, and fix it on the pontoon, stop the tractor about a jammed machine, with pontoon pulled out of the water the float rope and the end of the tow rope machine, connect the ends of the cables of the tractor and the machine, reset the United ends of the cables into the water and carry out the movement of the truck from the water to the shore.

2. A device for implementing the method for preparing the machine for the evacuation of water according to claim 1, containing a Prime mover adapted for movement under water, cable pulling winch and pipe, manhole, characterized in that the pipe-hole tractor hinged pontoon with a platform held by the rope between the pontoon and the pipe-manhole hinged ladder, on the tone rope is fixed, the other end of which is connected to the end of the rope to the truck.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: recovery of bogged vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method of recovery of bogged vehicles using pulley blocks and tractor, slides with pulley blocks are placed on ground in front of tractor. Pulley-block is assembled, and slides with pulley-block and wire ropes is moved to vehicle. Wire rope of pull winch is reeved through block, and its free end is secured on towing hook of tractor. Free ends of said wire ropes are fastened on hooks of vehicle, and vehicle is pulled out by winding wire rope onto pull winch. Device for implementing the method contains the method contains tractor with auxiliary and pull winches, pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes. Device contains additionally detachable slides for placing and connecting pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes installed on tractor for moving over ground to vehicle.

EFFECT: reduced time and labor input for recovery of bogged vehicles.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; crawler vehicles.

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1 dwg

FIELD: military equipment, in particular, armored fighting vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: the armored hull of the fighting vehicle has a streamlined shape with rounded off angles and inclined, armored plates in the fore and aft, hatches and cells for combat missiles on the boards and under the roof under the armored aerodynamic wing of an asymmetric profile producing a lift at the speed of movement compensating for the load on the running gear. The fighting vehicle is provided with hinged wheels of a cross-country vehicle positioned on the front section of the frame by means of a hinged beam with a hydraulically operated hoist and coupled to the back axle wheel through additionally introduced half-axles, differential gear, cardan shaft and a gear shift and back running mechanism located in the transfer gear-box. The latters represent low-speed running mechanisms with a high-power traction. The fuel tanks located in the compartment of the hull aft are provided with a fire release mechanism.

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3 dwg

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FIELD: transport engineering; crawler vehicles.

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1 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; crawler vehicle.

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3 cl, 2 dwg

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The invention relates to a link caterpillars

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The invention relates to the field of transport engineering, in particular to tracked vehicles

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SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method of recovery of bogged vehicles using pulley blocks and tractor, slides with pulley blocks are placed on ground in front of tractor. Pulley-block is assembled, and slides with pulley-block and wire ropes is moved to vehicle. Wire rope of pull winch is reeved through block, and its free end is secured on towing hook of tractor. Free ends of said wire ropes are fastened on hooks of vehicle, and vehicle is pulled out by winding wire rope onto pull winch. Device for implementing the method contains the method contains tractor with auxiliary and pull winches, pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes. Device contains additionally detachable slides for placing and connecting pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes installed on tractor for moving over ground to vehicle.

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3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: recovery of bogged vehicles.

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3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

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FIELD: mechanical engineering; crawler vehicle.

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FIELD: transport engineering; crawler vehicles.

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1 dwg

FIELD: recovery of bogged vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method of recovery of bogged vehicles using pulley blocks and tractor, slides with pulley blocks are placed on ground in front of tractor. Pulley-block is assembled, and slides with pulley-block and wire ropes is moved to vehicle. Wire rope of pull winch is reeved through block, and its free end is secured on towing hook of tractor. Free ends of said wire ropes are fastened on hooks of vehicle, and vehicle is pulled out by winding wire rope onto pull winch. Device for implementing the method contains the method contains tractor with auxiliary and pull winches, pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes. Device contains additionally detachable slides for placing and connecting pulley-blocks and pull wire ropes installed on tractor for moving over ground to vehicle.

EFFECT: reduced time and labor input for recovery of bogged vehicles.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of pulling vehicle out of water. According to proposed method, prior to moving the tractor, pontoon with platform held by wire rope is hinge mounted on tractor tube-manhole and ladder is hinge secured between pontoon and tube-manhole. Rope is fastened on pontoon. Other end of rope is connected with wire rope arranged on tractor. Towing ropes are secured on towing hooks of vehicle, and free ends of towing ropes are connected by ropes with floats. Tractor is moved under water to vehicle. Wire rope is released and pontoon is rigged out. Pontoon remains afloat. Operator passes from tube-manhole along ladder to pontoon, end of wire rope arranged on tractor is pulled out by rope and is secured on pontoon. Tractor is stopped at bogged vehicle. Standing on pontoon, operator pulls out of water the float, rope and end of vehicle towing rope, connects ends of wire ropes of tractor and vehicle and drops connected ends of wire ropes in water, and tractor is moved out of water to bank. Device for implementing the method contains tractor equipped for moving under water and provided with wire rope, pull winch and tube-manhole. Pontoon with plat form held by wire is hinge-mounted on tractor tube-manhole. Ladder is hinge-secured between pontoon and tube-manhole. Rope is secured on pontoon whose other end is connected with end of tractor wire rope.

EFFECT: improved reliability, reduced cost of preparation of vehicle for pulling out of water.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices used for converting wheeled vehicles into track vehicles. According to proposed method, track unit is mounted on rear suspension of scooter or motorcycle including frame, rear suspension with rigid fasteners of base members, and rocking axle with means of its fastening to rear suspension. Frame is hinge coupled with rear suspension by means of rocking axle. Track unit contains track made in form of endless belt and laid over hub being installed instead of rear wheel of vehicle to pass torque from engine to track, and track rollers arranged in lower part of track and installed on axles in two plates. Plates are made for mounting on rear suspension of both sides of hub using rigid fasteners of rear suspension base members and means of fastening of rocking axle to rear suspension providing articulated coupling of track unit with frame of vehicle.

EFFECT: simple design of track unit, possibility of easy conversion of motorcycle or scooter into track vehicle.

5 cl, 5 dwg

Articulated vehicle // 2252889

FIELD: transport engineering; crawler vehicles.

SUBSTANCE: proposed articulated vehicle contains two track bogies, load platform body with fitted on cabin, power plant, hydromechanical and propeller shaft drivers installed on crawler track bogies by means of slewing circles with rocking limiters. Front slewing circle is made in form of horizontal cross with three degrees of freedom. Cross necks of cross are hinge-coupled with track bogie frame and longitudinal necks are hinge-coupled with pedestal of load platform body through chuck plate.

EFFECT: improved reliability, increased service life, high cross-country capability.

2 cl, 11 dwg

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