Air humidifying apparatus

FIELD: systems for ventilation and air conditioning.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes housing having pan, inlet and outlet branch pipes, heat exchanging plates of capillary-porous material partially immersed into pan with water. Converging insert is arranged in cylindrical housing of apparatus. Ejection windows are cut out on surface of housing in front of walls of converging insert. Plates of capillary-porous material are arranged vertically and they overlap ejection windows; upper ends of said plates are mounted higher than said windows, their lower ends are immersed into pan with water. Outlet branch pipe of apparatus having diffuser shape at air outlet and cylinder shape of the remaining part is arranged coaxially with housing and it has diameter slightly less than inner diameter of housing. It provides minimum gap between inner surface of housing and outer surface of outlet branch pipe and possibility of motion of branch pipe inside housing along its axis by action of light effort of hand of operator for partially or completely overlapping ejection windows. Flow rate of air is controlled in apparatus by means of flap-type valve arranged in inlet branch pipe. Air distribution is realized by means of diffusers concentrically arranged in diffuser part of outlet branch pipe and having less diameters. Partitions are placed diametrically between less -diameter diffusers. Ducts restricted by diffusers and partitions are provided with air swirlers. All constructional members of apparatus except capillary-porous plate are made of corrosion-proof material.

EFFECT: possibility for controlling air humidity at outlet of humidifying device and distributing humidified air in room.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of ventilation and air conditioning and can be used in systems that provide comfortable conditions in buildings, as well as to provide various technological processes.

A device for humidifying air (A.S. USSR №361362, CL F 24 F 3/14), comprising a housing with inlet and outlet nozzles mounted on the shaft of the rotor with spokes, bearing a water-absorbing material on the shaft in the input socket is mounted secretively on the spokes of the rotor fixed blades, secretively made in the form of the turbine wheel.

The disadvantages of this device are:

- the inability to control the humidity of the air leaving the device;

- there is no airflow in the room.

A device for processing air (A.S. USSR №484366, CL F 24 F 3/14) - the closest analogue consisting of a housing with a sump and air channels formed hygroscopic material (capillary-porous), the ends of which are lowered into the water tray. Air channels are arranged vertically. Inside channels are tubes, one of which is provided with a swirler. The water level in the pan is supported by the level control. Moving air is a fan.

The disadvantages of this device are:

- inability regulation the FL humidity at the outlet of the device;

is not provided by the distribution of the air leaving the device in the room.

Object of the present invention is to provide a device that allows you to regulate the humidity of the air at the outlet of the humidifier, as well as to carry out the distribution of the humidified air in the room.

This object is achieved due to the fact that in the proposed design of the device for humidifying air (hereinafter “device”) is used in the case of cylindrical shape, which is located confused insert, and on the surface of the housing cut ejecting window located opposite walls confused insert. Plates of capillary-porous material arranged vertically and overlapping the ejecting of the window. The upper ends of the plates mounted on the hull surface above the ejecting Windows, and the lower end is lowered into the water tray. The pallet adjacent to the building. The outlet device has a cone shape at the air outlet and a cylindrical shape in the other part, whereby the output port, located coaxially with the housing, has a diameter slightly less than the inner diameter of the casing, forming a maximum clearance between the inner surface of the housing and the outer surface of the outlet pipe, providing movement of the outlet pipe of the internal and housing along its axis with little effort by hand for partial or full overlap ejecting Windows. Regulation of air flow through the device is a flapper valve located in the inlet pipe. Air distribution is accomplished using a placed in the diffuser portion of the outlet pipe located concentric diffusers smaller diameter. Between these diffusers are placed diametrically partitions, and the channels formed by the cones and baffles with secretively air.

All the elements of the device, except for the capillary-porous plates made of corrosion-resistant material. This design allows to regulate air output from the device, to regulate the air flow and to carry out its distribution in the room.

Thus, the implementation of this technical solution is achieved technical result consists in the regulation of humidity due to partial or complete overlap ejecting Windows have the ability to move along the axis of the housing outlet pipe, the flow control air butterfly valve and the distribution of air through the channels formed concentric spaced diffusers, diametrically partitions, forming channels, and placed in the channels secretively air.

Analysis of the analogues showed that the proposed technique is a mini solution is new. The novelty of the solution is that within the cylindrical housing confused insert, on the surface of the housing cut ejecting the window, covered with plates of capillary-porous material, the lower ends of which are omitted in the water tray attached to the housing, and the outlet has the ability to move along the axis of the enclosure, which can partially or completely block the induction of the window. Air outlet of outlet posted by concentric diffusers, between which is placed diametrically walls forming channels in which are located the swirler air.

Thus, the claimed technical solution is characterized by a new set of essential features, which give a positive effect, and has signs of compliance with the criterion of “inventive step”.

The drawing shows the proposed device for humidifying air. The device comprises a cylindrical housing 1 in which is located confused insert 2. On the surface of the housing 1 opposite walls confused insert 2 cut ejecting window 3, is blocked by the plates 4 of the capillary-porous material arranged vertically on both sides of the housing 1. The upper ends of the plates are fixed on the housing 1 above the entraining Windows 3. The lower ends of the plates 4 opus the us in the pallet 5, filled with water 6. Outlet 7 has a diameter cylindrical portion smaller than the inner diameter of the housing 1. forming a minimum clearance relative to the housing to provide opportunities for advancement along the axis of the housing with little effort by hand for partial or complete overlap of the 3 Windows. The output of the air occurs through the diffuser part 8 of the outlet pipe 7, which are concentric diffusers 9 of smaller diameter than that of the diffuser 8. Between diffusers fixed diametrically spaced walls 10 forming the channels 11, which posted secretively air 12 (shown conventionally). In the inlet pipe 13 is a flapper valve 14, which regulates the flow rate of the air pumped by the fan 15. Regulation of the water level in the pan 5 is the float valve 16. The pipe 17 is designed for overflow of excess water and remove it in the sewer. All the elements of the device, except for the capillary-porous plate 4, made of corrosion-resistant material.

Device for humidifying air works as follows. In the pallet 5 is filled with water. Air is blown by the fan 15 in the inlet pipe 13, which passes through the flapper valve 14, which regulates its flow. Of outlet 13 air enters confused box 2 installed in the housing 1. On the exits the confused insert 2 air increases its speed, but confused between the walls of the insert 1 and the housing 1 is formed a depression zone in which through induction box 3, covered capillary-porous plates 4, sucked the air out of the room, which, passing through the plate 4, is moistened and mixed to the air, leaving a confused insert 4. Regulation of air humidity by moving the hand, with a little effort, of the outlet pipe 7 along the body for a partial or complete overlap of the 3 Windows. Then the air flows into the outlet 7, the output from which it passes through the channels 11 formed cones 9 and diametrically partitions 10, where, passing through secretively 12 acquires a helical motion and dissipates in the premises of the spherical front, due to the cone-shaped channels 11. Regulation of the water level 6 in the pallet 5 is the float valve 16. The pipe 17 is fixed to the pallet 5 and is used for overflow of excess water and remove it in the sewer in case of failure of the float valve 16.

The proposed device is industrially applicable as it does not contain any elements that represent the complexity in their manufacture and installation.

The proposed device for humidifying air in principle, provide a new set of essential features, allows Khujand is indeed adjustable humidification due to suction to the main flow of air from the room, which promazyvaetsya through the wetted capillary-porous plate in ejecting the window. In addition, the output of the device is the damping of the velocity of the inflowing streams passing through the diffuser channels with secretively.

Device for humidifying air, comprising a housing with a sump, the inlet and outlet nozzles, heat transfer plate of the capillary-porous material partially lowered into the tray with water, characterized in that the housing has a cylindrical shape, posted by confused insert, and on the surface of the housing cut ejecting window located opposite walls confused inserts and plates of capillary-porous material arranged vertically and overlapping the ejecting of the window, with the upper ends of the plates is fixed above the ejecting Windows, and the lower ends of the omitted attached to the chassis pan, filled with water, while the outlet device with diffuser form on the air outlet and a cylindrical shape in the rest of the placed coaxially with the housing and has a diameter of slightly less internal diameter, forming a minimum clearance between the inner surface of the housing and the outer surface of the outlet pipe, providing the ability to move inside the housing along its axis with a small esilient hands, carrying out partial or full overlap ejecting Windows, regulation of air flow through the device is a flapper valve located in the inlet pipe, and the distribution is located in the diffuser portion of the outlet pipe, concentric with the cone of smaller diameter, between which is placed diametrically partitions, and the channels formed by the cones and baffles with secretively air, with all structural elements of the device, except for the capillary-porous plates made of corrosion-resistant material.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heat-power engineering; manufacture of cheat multi-functional cold and heat generating plants.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version, proposed method includes heating the air in heat exchanger by burning fuel in furnace, preliminary heating of air at mixing with cold air and humidification of air before delivery of it to consumer. Preliminary heating of air is performed in air elevator; humidification of air is performed in circulating line; condensed moisture is removed from furnace, ash pan and humidifier by means of drainage units; for delivery of air to furnace, use is made of fan. According to second version, in summer season water or dry ice is placed in tubular heat exchanger; then air is fed to furnace by means of fan and to consumer through heat exchanger; moisture from furnace and ash pan is removed by means of drainage units. Plant for forming the microclimate includes casing, furnace with fire grate, gas-and-air heat exchanger, gas duct, exhaust branch pipes and fan; it is provided with receiving collector, lower air chamber, tubular heat exchangers, recirculating line with filter and air elevator made in form of passages taking the heat from external lateral surfaces of casing; vertical tubular heat exchangers provided with swirlers are mounted on inner sides of furnace wall forming crown portion of furnace heat exchanger and connecting the lower air chamber located under ash pan bottom with collector and exhaust branch pipes; recirculating line is provided with air humidifier and is used for coupling the air elevator with heated air receiving collector. Volume of lower air chamber exceeds that of upper air chamber of heated air receiving collector by two times. Swirler is made in form of metal band with cuts on edges of lateral sides at swirling pitch relative to tube diameter equal to 4-7. Furnace, ash pan and humidifier are provided with drainage units for removal of moisture.

EFFECT: possibility of creating and maintaining required climate in room in winter and in summer.

4 cl, 7 dwg

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FIELD: heat-power engineering; manufacture of cheat multi-functional cold and heat generating plants.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version, proposed method includes heating the air in heat exchanger by burning fuel in furnace, preliminary heating of air at mixing with cold air and humidification of air before delivery of it to consumer. Preliminary heating of air is performed in air elevator; humidification of air is performed in circulating line; condensed moisture is removed from furnace, ash pan and humidifier by means of drainage units; for delivery of air to furnace, use is made of fan. According to second version, in summer season water or dry ice is placed in tubular heat exchanger; then air is fed to furnace by means of fan and to consumer through heat exchanger; moisture from furnace and ash pan is removed by means of drainage units. Plant for forming the microclimate includes casing, furnace with fire grate, gas-and-air heat exchanger, gas duct, exhaust branch pipes and fan; it is provided with receiving collector, lower air chamber, tubular heat exchangers, recirculating line with filter and air elevator made in form of passages taking the heat from external lateral surfaces of casing; vertical tubular heat exchangers provided with swirlers are mounted on inner sides of furnace wall forming crown portion of furnace heat exchanger and connecting the lower air chamber located under ash pan bottom with collector and exhaust branch pipes; recirculating line is provided with air humidifier and is used for coupling the air elevator with heated air receiving collector. Volume of lower air chamber exceeds that of upper air chamber of heated air receiving collector by two times. Swirler is made in form of metal band with cuts on edges of lateral sides at swirling pitch relative to tube diameter equal to 4-7. Furnace, ash pan and humidifier are provided with drainage units for removal of moisture.

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EFFECT: possibility for controlling air humidity at outlet of humidifying device and distributing humidified air in room.

1 dwg

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2 dwg

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1 dwg

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18 cl, 11 dwg

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17 cl, 13 dwg

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2 dwg

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EFFECT: simplification of construction.

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