Anti-burglary device and method of its manufacture

FIELD: construction of storehouses for valuables; manufacture of protective slabs, doors, ceilings, floors and barriers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed anti-burglary device has body with cavity provided with rods whose ends are connected with inner surface of side wall of body and filler made in form of laminar structure such as multi-layer stacks. Stack is made from veneer sheets, metal screen and metal end sheet where holes are made after assembly of stacks. End metal sheets of each stack is fastened with rods. Laminar structure is formed in body transversely relative to its front wall. Laminar structure forms monolithic joint together with rods and body.

EFFECT: effective protection against burglary; reduction of mass; low cost.

12 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of building elements and constructions, namely, to techniques for the protection of values, and can be used in the construction of storage values in products with a layered structure made in the form of walls, ceilings, floors, partitions, protective plates, barriers, doors, and for creating an internal compartments for valuables banking, museums and other similar institutions, requiring enhanced protection against unauthorized access, including hacking.

Known construction product, it is a welded metal box with a filler in the form of wood (see patent USSR No. 1688791, CL E 06 3/24).

You know the product is for protection against burglary, representing the door with a cloth, hollow metal frame, made in the form of a sheet, with three sides of which the edges of the fixed profiles with grooves, in which both sides of a sheet inserted filler in the form of wooden slats and the upper edge of the sheet is equipped with a device for fastening the upper profile, clamped and fixing wooden slats (see RF patent №2114270, CL E 06 5/11, publ year).

Known technical solutions do not provide a high degree of protection from burglary, for example, sixth grade protection and above.

Known wall zashisheno the premises, made of reinforced high-strength rods of concrete reinforced with steel fibres (see RF patent №2111319, IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

The famous wall of the protected premises primarily for the storage of valuables, including reinforced concrete structure consisting of load-bearing layers, with a cavity in which is placed the bulk material in the form of bodies with the possibility of free rotation (rotation) relative to the center of their mass, and the cavity for placement of granular material was slit to the full height and length of the wall, as the bulk material used for the body of metal of high hardness, mainly hardened steel, cast iron, and/or natural or artificial stone and/or glass (see RF patent №2147062, IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ g).

Known designs provide high protection class products from hacking. The lack of technical solutions based on the use of concrete in significant weight design that makes them difficult delivery, complicates the installation and lengthens the time of construction of the storage values.

Known multi-layered panel of safes, Bank vaults and doors, consisting of several metal sheets, between which the connecting elements and the filler, and between the outer and middle leaves placed molded slab of gypsum-based material, AWP is for one of two sides and between the middle and inner sheets at an angle to them posted by the connecting elements are made of rectangular profile, while the connecting elements rigidly interconnected and adjacent leaves, and the internal cavity of the connecting elements and the cavities formed between adjacent sheets filled with filler made of gypsum-based material (see certificate No. 8393 utility model, IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

Known multilayer panel for Bank vaults and doors, consisting of several metal sheets, between which the connecting elements and the filler, which used a molded slab of gypsum-based material reinforced with two stron fiberglass or metal mesh (see certificate No. 8392 utility model, IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

A disadvantage of the known multilayer significant weight, high cost and complexity of their production.

Known protective structure consisting of a set of composite layers, made in the form of a set of anti-tank barriers, metal or plastic plates and a layer of elastic material, with the layers from a set of anti-tank obstacles are located relative to each other with a gap filled with a porous insulating material, and a layer of elastic material is fastened on the front side is a metal or plastic plate glued connection (see certificate # 26242 for utility model, the IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

Known protective plate against hacking, containing enclosed in metal housing monolithic layer of hard material with a hardness of at least 7 on the Mohs ' scale, foaming when heated synthetic elastomer and placed between them an extra layer of heat-resistant and heat-insulating material made of single sheets of heat-resistant material bonded together with a synthetic elastomer (smatest the Russian Federation for invention №2110659, IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

In these protective structures applied to a large range of expensive construction materials, which increases production and increases their value.

Known protective panel comprising at least three bonded layers of different material, the outer layers are made of sheet metal, the intermediate layer from a sheet of plywood or alternating between the sheets of plywood and metal sheets, and the outer leaves of the intermediate layer is made of plywood sheets, fastening layers made through miscellaneous items connected with the metal plate by welding or bolting (smslisto No. 19078 for utility model, the IPC E 05 G 1/024, publ year).

Known protective panel has a low weight and is the label of available materials and simple fastening means. The disadvantage is the low class of anti-burglary protection.

It is well known product for protection against burglary, including metal sheets, the bounding box-shaped cavity in which at least two rows in parallel planes placed pivotal elements in the form of metal rods, forming a lattice frame, in which is placed the material filling at least part of the rods of one row are connected by welding with the metal sheet, the bounding box cavity, and with the metal rods of the other series in the places where they overlap, as fill material used wood and/or plywood and/or particleboard, and/or wood-fiber Board, and/or cement Board, and/or gypsum plate, and/or asbestos-cement plate and/or plate-based fibrous insulation and/or thermosphere, for example on the basis of liquid glass and/or polymeric thermoplastic and/or thermosetting material, and the cells formed by the at least one series of metal rods placed mesh made of metal or polymeric material in contact with the sheet metal and/or metal rods (see certificate No. 17057 for utility model, the IPC E 05 G 1/024, E 06 5/11, publ, prototype).

Known for the technical solution provides the highest burglar class (fifth grade protection against burglary and below). The complexity of the design, manufacturing complexity, significant weight and cost of the product associated with the use of numerous items Dorothea building materials. Thus, a disadvantage of the known product is in design complexity, high complexity of its manufacture, which does not allow to create a product with optimum weight and low cost.

There is also known a method of manufacture of products for protection against burglary, including the creation of a hollow metal body, welding the inner surface of the front wall with the ends of the metal rods, the formation of the layered structure as a filler cavity of the metal housing using a metal grid and construction sheets and/or plates used wood, plywood, particleboard, wood-fiber Board, cement Board, gypsum plate, asbestos plate, based on the fibrous insulation thermosphere, for example on the basis of liquid glass, polymeric thermoplastic and thermosetting material (smslisto No. 17057 on utility model, IPC E 05 G 1/024, E 06 5/11, publ, prototype).

The disadvantage of this method is the high complexity and intensity to create complex multi-layered structure with Chennai a burglar.

The invention solves the problem of increasing the tamper resistance (seventh grade protection against burglary and above), reduce the weight and cost of the products of a wide range of protective plates, doors, ceilings, floors, obstacles and the like)used for the rapid construction of stores values and simplifications used in these multi-layer protective structure for rapid assembling, packing, transporting the products.

The invention of the method of manufacture of the product solves the problem of reducing its cost and material consumption by improving the manufacturability, reduce labor and material costs, additional equipment, simple fixing funds and operations (in particular, welding), easy Assembly, performance, production.

This object is achieved in that the product is for protection against burglary, comprising a housing with front, back and side walls bounding a cavity with rods connected at least to the inner surface of one wall of the housing, and a filler, representing a layered structure, the layered structure consists of one or many typesetting multilayer packages, patterned multilayer package contains layers of building materials with at least one extreme sheet metal and made with holes under the situation rods, moreover, the layered structure is located transversely relative to the front wall of the casing and forms with the rods and the housing monolithic connection.

Preferably the housing and the terminals to perform the metal, and the rods connecting the ends with the inner surface of the side wall of the housing.

Preferably the extreme metal sheet of patterned multilayer stack to connect with rods welded or glued connection.

Preferably the patterned multilayer package extreme sheet metal and layers of building materials to connect the fastening means, including in the form of screws or nails.

It is advisable as layers of a building material to use sheets, including plywood, metal, metal grid.

It is expedient in the patterned multilayer package extreme metal sheet connected to at least two sheets of plywood to ten millimeters and located between a metal grid with a diameter of not less than one millimeter with a cell size of not more than fifty millimeters.

It is advisable in a layered structure to apply a patterned multilayer packages with the same or different number of layers of building materials.

The product is an element in the construction of the repository, including the door, or wall, or Autolock, or a partition, or a protective barrier or protective plate.

This object is achieved in that in the method of manufacture of products for protection against burglary, including the manufacturing front, back and side walls of the hollow body, the connection of the inner surface of the side wall with the ends of the rods forming the layered structure as a filler of the body cavity with the use of building materials, a layered structure is formed in the cavity of the housing transversely relative to the front wall of one or more typesetting multilayer packages, patterned multilayer package create the connection layers of building materials with extreme metal sheet with the subsequent implementation of the respective through holes for stringing it on the rods, after stringing each patterned multilayer package its extreme sheet metal fasten with rods, in this layered structure, the rods and the housing form a monolithic connection.

Preferably, each patterned multilayer package to create at least two sheets of building materials, located between the metal mesh and the outer sheet metal, connecting them by means of fastening, including in the form of screws or nails.

Preferably the housing and the terminals to perform metal is a, this extreme metal sheet of each patterned multilayer stack bonding with rods welded or glued connection.

It is advisable in a layered structure to apply a patterned multilayer packages with the same or different construction materials.

The analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the analogs of the invention, allows to establish that the applicants technical solutions are not found, which is characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype allowed us to identify a set of essential (with respect to perceived by the applicant to the technical result) distinguishing features of the claimed object set forth in the claims. Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "novelty" under the current law. Information about the popularity of the distinctive features in the complex of symptoms known technical solutions to achieve the same as the claimed device, the positive effect is not there. On this basis it is concluded that the proposed solution meets the criterion of "inventive the level.

Figure 1 shows the proposed product to protect against hacking, made as a protective panel (view from the front side).

Figure 2 shows the side view of the product shown in figure 1.

3 shows the section a-a product depicted in figure 1.

Figure 4 shows a patterned multilayer package (front view).

Figure 5 shows a patterned multilayer package (view a-a in figure 4).

The product is for protection against burglary includes a housing (1, 2, 3) with a front wall 1, rear wall 2 and side walls 3, bounding the cavity with the rods 4, the ends of which are welded to the inner surface of the side wall 3 of the casing and the filler constituting the layered structure of building materials, including, in particular, 5 sheets of plywood, installed between the metal grid 6 and the outer metal sheet 7, fastened together in patterned multilayer packages 8. The rods 4 can be fixed in parallel rows (figure 3) or in a checkerboard or other procedure (Fig. not shown).

The layered structure may consist of one (Fig. not shown) or more (figure 3) composing the multilayer packages 8 depending on the burglar class products. In composing the multilayer packages, 8 (3, 5) two-sheet 5 plywood, metal grid 6 and the outer metal sheet 7 is connected with what edstam 9 mounting representing nails or screws. Each dialer package 8 (figure 4, 5) has a hole 10 for the installation of the rods 4, and its extreme metal sheet 7 is bonded welded (or glue) the connection terminals 4, forming with them the permanent connection. In figure 2, 3 welds are shown in standard notation.

Product layered structure located in the cavity of the housing transversely relative to the front wall 1 of the casing. The presence of a layered structure transverse (patterned multilayer packages 8) and longitudinal (terminals 4, the means 9 of the fastening elements, interconnected, increases time for unauthorized entry.

Burglar class products is also determined by the width of the layered structure.

In the patterned multilayer package 8 extreme metal sheet 7, in addition to the holes 10 may have additional perforations (Fig. not shown) for weight reduction products.

The product can be applied patterned multilayer packages of 8 with the same or different number of layers of building materials, with the same or different construction materials in layers. As building materials can additionally be applied to other materials, such as polymer sheets and/or plates, including particle and/or fiber, etc. is abonnee multilayer packages 8 can be formed from combinations of the above construction materials. Most preferably the use of diverse combinations of sheets of plywood, metal mesh and sheet metal (by changing the number of layers in a patterned multilayer package). The use of products composing the multilayer packages 8, different thickness, composition of building materials in arbitrary combinations, creates additional challenges for intrusion due to the effect of surprise.

The product of figure 3 applied patterned multilayer packages 8 out of four layers of construction materials (figure 5). The 5 sheets of plywood have a thickness of ten millimeters, metal mesh diameter of not less than one millimeter and a cell size of not more than fifty millimeters, for example, 10×10 mm or 50×50 mm Extreme metal sheet 7 has a thickness of from one to three millimeters. The rods 4 are made of metal with a diameter of from six to twelve millimeters.

The number of sheets of plywood and a layer of a metal grid in the patterned multi-layer package may be different, for example the structure of a patterned multilayer stack of six layers is as follows: extreme metal sheet plywood sheet - metal mesh - plywood sheet - metal mesh - sheet of plywood. In the layered structure of the product, you can apply a variety of patterned multilayer packages that have Odinak is the first or a different number of layers of building materials. Adjacent patterned multilayer packages can be in the structure of different building materials that also creates additionality difficult to penetrate.

Depending on the class of device protection from hacking apply different amounts of typesetting packages 8 (from one to two or three dozen). The body is made of metal and has an appropriate shape depending on the purpose of the product, which represents an element in the construction of the repository, including the door, or wall, or ceiling, or wall, or protective barrier.

The method of manufacture of products for protection against burglary includes the manufacture of the front wall 1, rear wall 2 and side walls 3 of the casing, the connection of the inner surface of the side wall 3 with the ends of the rods 4, the formation in the body cavity of the layered structure (as filler) transversely relative to the front wall 1 of one or more typesetting multilayer packages 8. The housing and the terminals 4 are made of metal. Patterned multilayer package 8 create from at least two sheets and/or plates of construction material (in particular, two 5 sheets of plywood), located between the metal grid 6 and the outer metal sheet 7, connecting them to each other fastening means 9 in the form of nails or screws. Then in composing megaloi the s packages, 8 drill corresponding holes 10, located with the possibility of stringing them on the rods 4 to the dense filling of the cavity of the housing to protect from hacking. Patterned multilayer packages 8 alternately strung on the rods 4, and after stringing another multilayer package 8 its extreme metal sheet 7 is fastened to the pins 4, the front wall 1 and rear wall 2 welded or glued connection, with the layered structure, the rods 4 and the housing form a monolithic connection. The layered structure may have a necessary thickness, shape and curvature, which enables to produce from it the product of the most complex forms.

In case of unauthorized tampering of products (e.g., wall, or ceiling, or wall securable by gradual destruction of layers of dissimilar building materials requires a number of appropriate tools for its destruction, a change which increases the time of the burglary. Monolithic connection of the layered structure with the rods and the housing increases the time for penetration.

The stiffness and strength of the product depends on the respective qualities of building materials composing the multilayer packages, the width of the multilayer structure. The proposed solution allows to provide high reliability protection products, including seventh grade protection otwoma and higher optimal weight, speed of Assembly.

The offered product is for protection against burglary has a weight of 1.5-2 times less than that of known construction for a similar purpose, which reduces the complexity of manufacturing, simplifies packaging, delivery to site and installation.

1. The product is for protection against burglary, comprising a housing with front, back and side walls bounding a cavity with rods connected at least to the inner surface of one wall of the housing, and a filler, representing a layered structure, wherein the layered structure consists of one or more typesetting multilayer packages, patterned multilayer package contains layers of building materials with at least one extreme sheet metal and made with holes for the installation of the rods, and the layered structure is located transversely relative to the front wall of the casing and forms with the rods and the housing monolithic connection.

2. The product according to claim 1, characterized in that the casing and the rods are made of metal, while the terminals are connected the ends with the inner surface of the side wall of the housing.

3. The product according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that extreme metal sheet of patterned multilayer stack connected with rods welded or adhesive connection is receiving.

4. The product according to claim 3, characterized in that the patterned multilayer package extreme sheet metal and layers of building materials connected by means of fastening, including in the form of screws or nails.

5. The product according to claim 4, characterized in that as the layers of building materials used sheets, including plywood, metal, metal mesh.

6. The product according to claim 5, characterized in that the patterned multilayer package extreme metal sheet connected to at least two sheets of plywood to ten millimeters and located between a metal grid with a diameter of not less than one millimeter with a cell size of not more than fifty millimeters.

7. The product according to claim 6, characterized in that the layered structure is applied patterned multilayer packages with the same or different number of layers of building materials.

8. The product according to claim 7, characterized in that it is a building block of the repository, including the door, or wall, or ceiling, or wall, or a protective barrier or protective plate.

9. The method of manufacture of products for protection against burglary, including the manufacturing front, back and side walls of the hollow body, the connection of the inner surface of the side wall with the ends of the rods, forming a layered structure of the s as a filler of the body cavity with the use of building materials, characterized in that the layered structure is formed in the cavity of the housing transversely relative to the front wall of one or more typesetting multilayer packages, patterned multilayer package create the connection layers of building materials with extreme metal sheet with the subsequent implementation of the respective through holes for stringing it on the rods, after stringing each patterned multilayer stack of its extreme sheet metal fasten with rods, in this layered structure, the rods and the housing form a monolithic connection.

10. The method according to claim 9, wherein each patterned multilayer package created from at least two sheets of building materials, located between the metal mesh and the outer sheet metal, connecting them by means of fastening, including in the form of screws or nails.

11. The method according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the casing and the rods are made of metal, while the extreme metal sheet of each patterned multilayer stack fasten with rods welded or glued connection.

12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the layered structure is applied artificial multi-layered bags with the same or different construction materials.



 

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