Method for wooden buildings and building structures erection

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction of houses, buildings, structures made from wooden planks, logs, etc. (assortments). The best way can be used for mass production of panels, walls, floors, ceilings, roofs blocks and the houses of Assembly of these parts to the construction site.

There are other ways.

For example, the way EN 2044842 walls, the collected log and beam houses, consisting in drilling a transverse hole logs or planks, laid alternately short and long as well, the transmission tie-rods through the holes in the bars, and corner joints, screwing nuts on the ends of the ties with preload assortments.

However, this method does not provide:

- tightness of the vertical corner joints, because the uneven bars during shrinkage and hydration differently change their sizes by a wide margin,

- tightness of horizontal joints, since the shrinkage of the lateral dimensions of the beams are reduced and the automatic preload ties excluded.

insufficient strength of corner joints of the boards, as the ends of the bars eventually crack;

- installation of the walls with coupling of a large number of projections and depressions formed by the beams, to perform difficult.

Another invention EN 2135708, the wooden structure of cambiocorsa bra is EN or bars has the same disadvantages, and others:

weakened joints corner joints due to cut grooves in the beams, which reduces the strength and durability of the structure;

weak transverse (vertical) rods in holes with a diameter of 3 mm and the absence of elastic elements will not provide a sample clearances during shrinkage beams;

- set a floor on poured Foundation undesirable, since the horizontal alignment of the walls of the structure due to uneven settling of the Foundation of even the floor joists difficult.

- rigid mount along the length of the walls to the Foundation anchors is unacceptable as wood and material Foundation for various change their dimensions when dry and moist atmospheric conditions.

The present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing wooden houses, buildings, structures, allowing:

to ensure reliable communication of all elements of the house and increase strength and durability, provide sample clearances during shrinkage and expansion of the wood when wet;

to increase the level and quality of finish panels, walls and other nodes in the production in the plant;

to increase the tightness n ecology;

- reduce the time and cost of manufacturing and installation during production units;

to eliminate additional work on strengthening and tightening connect the deposits after manufacture, installation and operation;

- to ensure the possibility of building durable, reliable, durable one-two-three-storey wooden houses and high buildings;

to ensure mass production of finished parts, components, panels, blocks of houses, buildings and structures while reducing their value.

The problem is solved by the proposed methods:

- in addition to the transverse (vertical) couplers in bars all walls establish the longitudinal (horizontal) rod, connecting them with the cross, and all the couplers set of elastic elements, providing the strength of the connection sample clearances during shrinkage and plasticity when wet;

- cross-section and strength characteristics of the couplers and components are selected on the basis of calculation of loads acting at each node.

- reducing the number of projections n troughs in the abutting walls or the construction of the walls, without flange beams simplifies the mounting walls:

- walls and elements of the building, structure, facility in a production environment can be performed most complete, due to the higher strength of the panels and the readiness of the finished structures.

The execute method.

On the ends, transverse holes and longitudinal grooves on the horizontal rack to align two or more beams, install crossties in the holes behind the conclusion of the holes in the tabs. Establish longitudinal screed in the grooves. Further, two or more other beams move relative to the first thickness of the beam pass through holes crossties laid in a groove near the end between the bars elongated nut. On the contact surfaces of the bars or other gauge will wear out the glue, which glued the boards together or condense elastic sealant. So gather the wall, producing lift. Through elastic elements additionally tighten the nuts on the tie-rods with the necessary force. Assembled perform maximum on the walls. Gather panel, floor, ceiling, roof, joists which carry the vertical hole couplers or fasteners. On the construction site build a house, building, etc.

The following is a specific example of implementation methods and the accompanying drawings

Figure 1 is a two-storey house longer associated transverse and longitudinal ties.

Figure 2 two-storey house with walls without tabs.

Fig 3 ground floor plan figure 1

Figure 4, right part of the house 1 is increased.

Figure 5, right part of the house 2 is increased.

Figure 6 plan Fig 5.

7 connection 4 walls.

Fabrication and installation, for example, elongated two-storey house 1 (figure 1) is as follows.

In the rails logs 2;2 (3; 4) for cross-ties 3 perform the transverse CTE is participation 5, for the longitudinal tie-rods 4 longitudinal grooves 5', then for shorter ties 4' longitudinal grooves 5".

On the horizontal plane (the rack) align the ends of two or more beams 2; 2' and through holes 5 miss screed 3. Step and the cross-section couplers selected based on the desired strength of the whole structure of the house, two two-storey section of the screed take more than 250 mm square Between the 2 bars in the slots 5' stack longitudinal screed 4 and shortened grooves 5 shortened screed 4'. Following two or more beams 2 align and stack offset by the thickness of the beam relative to the first. Form the protrusions 6 and depressions 7. Permeate bars 2 cross ties 3. To the bars 2; 2' on the contact surfaces put glue 8, stick together among themselves, or between the bars 2 are paving sealing material 8'.

The collected beams 2 in the wall 9 presses on the threads of the tie-rods 3 nuts 10 through the elastic elements 11. Elastic elements 11 such as Belleville springs or other, will provide a constant preload of spliced bars 2.

The tabs 6 and depressions 7 of the joined walls 9 must be aligned for mating with its size.

Elongated wall 9 is assembled from two walls 9' and 9 tykwa ledges 6 and depressions 7 Wall 9' set on the base 12, is fixed on the anchor part 13 by transverse tie-rods 3, passed through the slots 14 in the anchor PL is tah 15. Ledges 6 wall 9" partially combined with the depressions 7 of the wall 9". Longitudinal screed 4 both walls 9' and 9" bind clamping nuts 16. Combine fully projections 6 with depressions 7. In the United screed 4 with two sides wear elastic elements 11' and the nut 10 and the screw presses the walls 9' and 9". The size and characteristics of the ties, elastic elements, nuts, etc. can be chosen according to the calculation. The front wall 9 are urged to the side walls of the elongated nuts 10'so, screw on the longitudinal tie-rods 4 of the side walls. Wall 9" fixed on the Foundation 12 to the anchor part 13 through the slots 14 of the plates 15. Through the combined projections 6 both walls 9' and 9" missing crossties 3 and presses nuts 10 through the elastic elements 11, the bars 2. Wall 9 at an angle to connect also. But attachable wall tight to the other longitudinal tie-rods 4 through the elastic elements 11'mounted on the outer side of the lugs 6 of the joining walls.

To join harvested the corner of two walls 9 of the third wall 9'" or fourth 9"" (2, 7), the projections 6 of the first or second walls perform extra long and with them also connect the third and fourth walls, linking their longitudinal screed 4 coupling nuts 16. Intermediate walls, partitions 9" connect with other walls 9 by means of longitudinal tie-rods 4 and elongated nut 10'. Get associated strong ties 3 and 4 4 Pervy floor “the Ruba” (Fig).

Between the first crown boards “frame” (figure 4. 5 and 6), made of thick beams 2'and the second crown on the cross-ties 3 previously installed brackets 17. The bracket 17 also rely on the protruding part of the thickened beam 2 and is fixed on the transverse tie-rods 3. These brackets 17 secured to the lugs 18 of the floor on which are fixed panel 19 of the floor with the required clearance in front of the walls 9 or installing warmed flooring 20 with lugs 18 (Fig 5).

Next, install the ceiling panel-floor 21, and also on similar brackets 17 fixed them. Then install the wall 9', 9" of the second floor, as well as the first. But connect them crossties 3 with the lower tie-rods 3 of the first floor of the clamping nuts 16' or through an intermediate elastic elements 11’ and 22, providing the opportunity to choose clearances from the inevitable shrinkage of the bars 2 of the walls of the first and second floors.

Roof panel 23 connected with the walls 9 cross ties or other fasteners that secure them to the top near the boards of the walls 9.

The thread and the surface of the couplers 3 and 4 and all nuts protect corrosion-resistant coating. Screed 3, 4, the nut can be run from non-corrosive material. The protruding portion of such a fastener can be closed, the corners can be fixed with longitudinal tie-rods 4 when assembling the house special profiles 24. Wooden sort the cops carefully cleaned the house from the harmful effects of moisture, insects, etc. of the Proposed method for the manufacture and installation of wooden houses, buildings, structures can improve the strength, reliability, durability, quality, integrity, sustainability, one -, two - and three-storey houses and buildings. Reduces the manufacturing and Assembly houses from mass produced panels, walls, floors, ceilings, etc. the Cost of manufacture and maintenance of such houses is reduced especially when mass production of their nodes.

Another option building construction 1 (2, 5, 6) carry out from the walls of the 9twith the ends of the bars 2 or other assortments in one plane. Collect the walls of the 9ton the rack, tortue all the bars on the first beam 2'. Stringing holes 5 bars 2, 2' on crossties 3 or Vice versa.

Between the bars 2 sets of longitudinal screed 4, the grooves 5' each of which is associated with one transverse screed 3. You may not connect if both ends of the screed 4 are located on the ends of the wall 9t. The bars 2, 2, presses, choosing the gap between them. Stand, if between the beams applied adhesive 8 or paint, plastic seal. Install with nuts 10 elastic elements 11, presses nuts 10 bars 2, 2' one to another. From the inner side wall 9tat the ends of the wall 9tmilled to a depth ofabout1/4 the thickness of beam lateral recess 25. When assembling the walls of the 9tthe lower beam 2' take greater thickness, make the lateral recess 25 is also on the thickness of the beam 2, it is fixed on the transverse tie-rods 3 brackets 17 for fixing the lag of the floor 18.

Gathering on the rack all the walls 9tone wall 9tset on the base 12, is fixed to the anchor plates 15, pristykovyvayas to the recess 25 of the second wall 9tskipping the longitudinal screed 4 of the second wall 9tthrough the slots 5" of the first wall 9t.

Draw nuts 10 through the elastic elements 11' both walls 9tand that consolidated the joints, select clearances. During shrinkage and wetting the joints remain tight due to the influence of the elastic elements 11 and 11'.

Set the other wall 9tfix through the slots 14 on the Foundation 12, a cross-connect 3 and 4 longitudinal ties all the main parts of the house, as in the first embodiment. On the brackets 17 secured to the lugs 18 of the floor 19 of the first and second floors. Attach roof panel 23 to the walls of the 9tcross ties 3, compressing nuts 10 through the elastic elements 11.

1. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures, including drilling transverse holes in the bars, or logs, or other assortment, threading bars or logs or other timber cross ties, pressing nuts on those who tie, characterized in that the bars or logs, or other assortment in the Assembly of wall slip on two or more relative to the previous bars, or logs, or other assortment with the formation of projections and depressions, between the bars, or logs, or other assortment put glue in the slots establish longitudinal screed and each of them, in which both ends do not extend to the ends of the walls, combined with one of the transverse screeds, wall set on the Foundation, the walls, including intermediate walls and partitions, connect, seal joints, and the protrusions of one walls combine with the depressions of the other wall, the nodes of the house, every wall, blocks short of the longitudinal tie-rods and nuts to each other through the tabs joined walls missing crossties, nuts through elastic elements draw in all joints with effort, brackets, threaded holes on the crossties, through the slots of the fixed panel, floor, ceiling, roof, joists which carry the vertical hole of the screed and the floor and the arms have to support the boards, logs or other timber, and the relationship of the walls with anchor base slab, floor, ceiling, roof is performed through an elastic the elements of the cross-ties or nuts that have the ability to move in the slots when the drying or wetting of wood.

2. The method according to claim 1, otlichayushiesya, that three or more walls connected to one junction of the longitudinal and transverse ties.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the transverse holes in the bars or logs or other timber near the openings for Windows, doors comply with the minimum admission under the transverse size of the buckles.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the wall with the ends of boards or logs, or other assortment in one plane, getting nearer to the lateral recess of the other walls of the longitudinal tie-rods and nuts through the corner profiles and elastic elements.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the intermediate walls and partitions floors consolidate with other walls, elements of the house of transverse and longitudinal tie-rods by means of nuts.



 

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