System network and method for transferring data about transfer of cell service

FIELD: networks and communications.

SUBSTANCE: instead of storing routing data for each possible inter-cell transfer of service on each control node, technology of signaling network is used to transfer all appropriate data about inter-cell service transfer between all control nodes, to coordinate routing data transfer along radio access network.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The present invention relates generally to telecommunications systems and methods, in particular to the system networks and enhanced transmission service in telecommunication systems, and more particularly to systems and methods for resource allocation cells using commands alarm system.

Surprisingly rapid development received wireless communication over the last century after the demonstration Guglielmo Marconi in 1897, the power of radio to provide continuous communication with the ships in the English channel. After opening Marconi new methods, services and standards for wired and wireless communications were accepted by people around the world. This development has been particularly accelerated in the last ten years, during which the production of mobile radio communication increased by several orders of magnitude in size, supported by numerous technological advances that have made portable radio equipment smaller, cheaper and more reliable. The exponential growth of mobile telephony will increase in the coming decades, as this wireless network interacts with existing wired networks and, ultimately, it is ahead in development.

As is well known in engineering, cell phones are limited in coverage and interact with according to the respective base stations in the cellular communication system. In such systems there is a transfer service when the cell phone goes out of the zone of connection with the existing base station (BS) in a given cell, that is, the RF characteristics of the connection during the call deteriorate below a certain level or radiofrequency characteristics of the other BS in the other neighboring cell is significantly improved relative to a certain threshold compared to the current BS. In order to prevent the decrease of the signal at the time of the call to the noise level, the connection of the call is transferred or transmitted to another BS (and, therefore, another cell) to maintain communication with the roaming mobile subscriber. Transfer services are also necessary in other cases to handle congestion and geographical problems, the details of which are not relevant to the subject matter of the present invention.

Uses complex algorithms for making decisions about the need for transmission service. These algorithms use measurements made by the mobile station (PS) and the radio-communication system or a radio access network, in which PS. For example, the PS performs the measurement of the intensity of the signal is active or the current cell (cell and neighboring cells, which is known as semi-automatic transmission servicing, and measuring the signal intensity and quality control of the mouth of the established connection through the active cell (cell). For transmission service necessary information about the neighbouring cells: radiointerface identification of neighboring cells in the radio interface, for example the frequency and code of broadband and related to radio installation settings such as the minimum threshold levels of signal intensity; the level (s) of the broadband transmission channel, etc. it is Clear that, although this identification must uniquely identify a particular cell, identical radiointerface identification can be reused in different parts of the network. Such reuse should be planned so that the mobile station (user equipment) within a specific geographical area can only take one specific radiointerface identification in a given cell.

Figure 1 shows a portion of a radio access network, indicated by position 100, which is the substation 110. For simplicity shows only one substation 110. It is clear, however, that hundreds of individual cops are usually in each cell of the radio access network 100. PS 110 is in communication with BS 115, but roaming in the cell 120. Cell 125, 130, 135, 140, 145 and 150 are adjacent to the active cell 120. As also shown in figure 1, PS 110, working currently in the active cell 120, is moved adjacent to the cell 125 (as shown by the arrow), the connection which is controlled by another 5C 155. It is clear that BS 115 and 155 preferably cover a three-sector cell through the use of antennas oriented azimuthal sector 120°. In other words, the BS 115 serves each of the cells 120, 140 and 145.

If SS 110 exits the coverage area of BS 115, that is, out of the cell 120, or included in the service area of a neighboring BS 155, that is included in the cell 125, initiated transfer service from the BS 115 to the BS 155, which then manages the entire wireless communication for this SS 110, being in touch with her. It is clear, however, that another transfer can transfer control back to the BS 115, if the substation 110 will remain on the signal the boundary between base stations or if you start to act a geographical or meteorological properties. In any case, possible mild transmission service, if the user equipment, for example, SS 110, simultaneously interact with different cells using properties macronutrient soft method of transmission service and dynamically setting (and freeing) tracts radio to maintain a continuous connection from the substation 110.

Miyakejima transfer of relatively simple when it is done between cells under common control radio network controller, which coordinates about the service group of cells.

Communication through the zone of action of the individual controllers, radio network, or between different public communication networks of ground-based moving objects, however, is more complex and requires much more identification information to perform megacheese transmission service across such boundaries. Requires not only the identity of the cell, but also information about the radio network controller and the other controllers for the effective implementation of such transfer the call. For example, during the transmission between the radio network controllers described more specifically below with a detailed description of the present invention, the network address signaling a new radio network controller, together with the corresponding data cell and neighboring cells, is stored in the source radio network controller to perform the transfer service in conventional systems. The basis for permanent storage of such information routing readiness for all possible transmission service.

There are, of course, problems associated with the storage of such information routing. First, it is the size. Support for such a detailed list or database of all possible cases megacheese transfer requires not only large, but also complicated procedures updates to keep the information in each node of the radio network controller, skorr tirovannoj in accordance with the most current and correct information of the cells and the network addresses of the signaling radio network controllers throughout the system.

The present invention therefore is to simplify the mechanism megacheese transmission, especially in more complex procedures for the handover between radio network controllers.

Another objective of the present invention is the improvement or elimination of the complicated procedures the updates required in conventional systems.

Another objective of the present invention is to reduce the amount of information required to be stored in the radio network controller to perform the transfer between cells.

System network and method of the present invention relates to improvement in transmission service, in particular to reduce the amount of information about megacheese transmission stored in the base station controllers or radio network controllers. Instead of storing the routing information for any possible megacheese transmission service on each node management uses the signaling network to transmit all relevant information for megacheese transfer service between all nodes of the control, thus coordinating the transmission of the routing information in a distributed system.

A more complete evaluation of the present invention and its scope can be obtained from the accompanying drawings, which are briefly described below, the following detailed description of preferred currently in EMA embodiments of the invention and the accompanying claims.

A more complete understanding of the method and device of the present invention can be obtained from the following detailed description, which is maintained with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 shows part of a radio access network in which it is possible to use the principles of network system and method of the present invention;

Figure 2 shows the structure of a network communication with mobile objects, such as the radio access network shown in figure 1;

Figure 3 presents an example request and response on the addition of the tract in relation to resource allocation in a radio access network, shown in figures 1 and 2 and corresponding to the present invention.

Below a more detailed description of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings showing preferred embodiments of the invention. There are, however, various other embodiments of the present invention and should not be construed present invention limited options execution described therein; rather, these embodiments of the presents for this description was exhaustive and complete, and fully convey the scope of the invention specialists in this field of technology.

Figure 2 shows a network structure of radio communication with mobile objects, such as network 200 radio access, part of which is shown in Fig.. Some cells, such as shown as hexagons in figure 1, depicted in figure 2 arranged to illustrate in a row. The first controller 205 radio controls in the first five cells in a row, that is, cells 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5. The second controller 210 radio network controls the following five, i.e. cells 2:1, 2:2, 2:3, 2:4 2:5, and the third controller 215 radio controls other cells, i.e. cells 3:1, 3:2, 3:3, 3:4 and 3:5. Connects the controller of the radio network between a network 220 alarm system, such as system No. 7 common channel signaling (SS7), to provide signaling between the radio network controllers in accordance with the present invention. Finally, it is shown the mobile station 225, 230, 235 and 240, which are any of the user equipment by means of which the subscriber can access services offered by the underlying network 245 operator.

Before describing the advantages of the present invention relative to known systems and methods, need some preliminary descriptive information to define some terms and technical purpose. For example, the radio network controller can operate as a serving radio network controller or as a passive radio network controller. As expected from its name, the service controller radio is hildren is responsible for connection with a specific mobile station, that is, the serving radio network controller has full control of this connection in the radio access network. In addition, the serving radio network controller is directly connected to the underlying network 245, so that the subscribers in connection with their service radio network controller, can access the services offered on this network. Passive radio network controller, as expected from its name, supports the serving radio network controller in respect of the serving radio network controller.

The network 200 radio access defines the purpose of the radio network controller, that is serving or passive when connecting the mobile station to the base network. The radio network controller that controls the cell, which establishes the initial connection mobile station - base network, typically assigned by the serving radio network controller for this connection. As the mobile station moves, the connection is supported by creating paths of the radio communication through the new cells, possibly also including passive radio network controllers. As also shown in figure 2, the radio network controller 205 operates as a serving radio network controller for connection with each of the PS 225, 230, 235 and 240, where the connection with the PS 235 after several handovers heat is R through the cell, managed by the controller 210 of the radio network, acting as a passive controller radio network for this connection. It is clear that, although only the controller 205 of the radio network has a connection to the underlying network 245, as shown in figure 2, the controllers 210 and 215 radio network may also have such connections, especially for those of PS, for which the radio network controllers are used as a serving radio network controllers.

Now will be described in more simple miyakejima transfer within the same radio network controller with a link back to the structure of the radio access network shown in figure 2. As shown in figure 2, PS 225 is connected to the network 200 through the radio access cell 1:2, the neighboring cells which are cells of 1:1 and 1:3. Due to the changed conditions of radio communication, decision making algorithm on the transfer of servicing is determined that now must be installed tract radio for PS 225 through a neighboring cell 1:3. Since both cells 1:2 and 1:3 are controlled by one controller radio network, that is, the controller 205 of the radio network, the selection radioresource in cell 1:3 is performed in the controller 205 of the radio network. Obviously, in this case does not require signaling between the radio network controllers. Further, because the cells that are adjacent in relation to the new specified in the transmission service cell 1:3, then e is th cell 1:2 and 1:4, also controlled by the controller 205 of the radio network and does not require information relating to neighboring cells that are serviced by other radio network controllers. After a connection is established between the PS 225 and the network 200 radio through cell 1:3 begins the process of assessing the possible subsequent handovers per cell 1:4 or back to cell 1:2, what is known in the technique of performing transmission service.

When the transfer between radio network controllers, PS 230, which is connected to the network 200 through the radio access cell 1:5 controller 205 radio network, neighboring cells are cells 1:4 and 2:1. Due to changing radio conditions on the decision making algorithm of the transfer in this case is determined that now must be installed tract of radio communication through cell 2:1, which is managed by the neighboring controller 210 radio network 200 radio. Therefore, the actual allocation radioresource for PS 230 in the cell 2:1 is carried out by the controller 210 of the radio network. In accordance with the improved system network and method of the present invention, however, the service controller 205 radio network uses the network 220 alarm for query selection and training radioresource in cell 2:1, the identifiers of the cells which are stored in the controller 205 of the radio network, i.e. the IDs of neighbouring the x cells (cells 1:5 and 2:2), data of neighboring cells (for example, levels of radiated power) and the routing information (address signaling radio network controller)that defines the route to each radio network controller neighboring cells.

Figure 3 shows the exchange of signals between the radio network controllers when the request to establish radio communication on a new path. In particular, the serving radio network controller, such as controller 205 refers to the substation 230 sends a request to add a path to the corresponding passive radio network controller, i.e. the controller 210 of the radio network in figure 2, via the network 220 alarm. A positive response to the addition of the tract to the request via the network 220 alarm contains the identification of the selected radioresource in cell 2:1, and the identifiers of neighboring cells for cells 2:1, i.e. cells 1:5 and 2:2. In accordance with a preferred variant implementation of the present invention, the data cell and neighboring cells for cells 2:1 are stored, essentially, on a permanent basis in the controller 210 of the radio network and only those radio network controllers, which are directly adjacent to the controller 210 of the radio network, i.e. both of the neighboring controller 205 and 215 radio network in this example. In conventional systems, however, address the signaling network controller 210 radio network along with a copy of all relevant d is the R cell and neighboring cells for cells 2:1 is stored on a permanent basis not only in the tertiary controller 205 of the radio network and the controller 215 radio network, but also in all other radio network controllers network 200 radio access.

As shown in figure 2, PS 235 is connected to the network 200 through the radio access cell 2:5, for which the cells 2:4 and 3:1 are adjacent. Due to the changed conditions of the radio in this case, the algorithm of the decision to transfer is determined that radiomedicine must be done through cell 3:1, which, of course, controlled by the controller 215 radio network, and initiates a transfer service between passive controllers. Thus, the selection radioresource in cell 3:1 is performed by the controller 215 radio network. Unlike controller 210 radio network it is necessary to notice that the cells in the zone of action of the controller 215 of the radio network are not adjacent to any cell coverage area of the service controller 205 radio network. As in the previous example, the service controller 205 radio network uses the network 220 signaling, such as SS7, to request allocation and preparation of radioresource in cell 3:1, as depicted and described above with reference to figure 3. A positive response to this request to add the tract also contains the identification of the selected radioresource in cell 3:1, and the identity of those cells that are adjacent to cell 3:1, i.e. cell 2:5 and 3:2. Data cell and neighboring cells for cells 3:1 post is permanently stored in the controller 215 radio network. As noted above, in traditional systems, the network address signaling controller 215 radio network and copy the relevant data cell and neighboring cells are also stored on a permanent basis in the tertiary controller 205 radio network (and all other radio network controllers), even if none of the cells controlled by the controller 205 of the radio network, is not adjacent to the cell controller 215 radio network.

In summary we can say that the traditional solution of the issue of transfer of service within the coverage area of the radio network controller and between the radio network controllers, especially in relation to the GSM standard, is the permanent storage of all possible procedures transmission service in each controller, the radio network 200 radio access networks, including the network address signaling to all controllers, radio network, and the information about the neighbor cells for each cell on which it is possible to transfer service throughout the network 200 radio. Although the standard IS-634 contains the transmission mechanism of identifiers of neighboring cells in the signalling messages between nodes in a radio access network, system, network and method of the present invention provides a better solution to the problem of information transfer service radio network controller, described in detail below.

As mentioned, instead of each controller radios and exhaustively listed any transmission service within its own node, system network and method of the present invention is used, the signalling capabilities of SS7 (or other signaling Protocol) to provide the required interconnections necessary to significantly reduce the amount of information about the transfer service, stored on each node. In other words, and with reference again to figure 2, the controller 205 radio stores only the address of the signaling network of the neighboring controller 210 radio network, as cells 1:5 and 2:1 - adjacent. The controller 205 of the radio network does not store, as in conventional systems, the network address signaling and slot information relating to the controller 215 radio or other nesoenas radio network controllers. The controller 210 of the radio network, which, however, is nearby as the controller 205 of the radio network, and 215 (in particular, the cell 2:1 is adjacent to cell 1:5 and the cell 2:5 is adjacent to cell 3:1), stores the network address signaling both. Similarly, the controller 205 of the radio network controller 215 radio stores only the address of the signaling network of the neighboring controller 210 radio network. Even if a direct transfer is possible only on adjacent or neighboring cells, conventional controllers, radio network store information relating to all transmission service within the entire network 200 radio access, instead of only those potential local transmission service related is that specific radio network controller, as set forth in claimed in the present invention.

In order to support subsequent handovers to the cells that are managed by other radio network controllers, network address signaling radio network controller and information about the related adjacent cells is transmitted in the signalling messages between the radio network controllers over the network 220 alarm when you need it. One such appropriately, which may start the transmission of information, is the procedure of signaling used by the serving radio network controller to request radioresource passive radio network controller when it is necessary to transfer to a cell managed by the passive radio network controller, as shown and described with reference to figure 3. In response, the passive controller radio network contains information about adjacent cells, including addresses the signaling network controller radio network of the neighboring cells, the target cell.

As shown in figure 2, PS 240 is roaming in a cell 2:4 controller 210 radio network. When you install a new tract of radio communication through cell 2:5, due to the aforementioned changes in the radio conditions of the serving radio network controller for PS 240, that is, the controller 205 refers to all the cops in this example, requests radioresource, operated the by the controller 210 of the radio network for cell 2:5, using the alarm system described in connection with figure 3. If the request is allowed, the response from the controller 210 of the radio network controller 205 radio network also includes information about the neighbor cells for cell 2:5, that is, information related to cells 2:4 and 3:1. Since cell 3:1 is controlled by another radio network controller, i.e. the controller 215 radio network, the network address signaling controller 215 radio is also included in the response signal, which is stored on a temporary, if necessary, the basis, the controller 205 of the radio network. Thereby simplify the subsequent transfer of servicing in the area of the controller 210 of the radio network, i.e. the cell 2:4, and the controller 215 radio network, i.e. the cell 3:1, without the need for permanent storage and support each case transmission service.

It is clear, therefore, that each radio network controller, the corresponding network system and method of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the number of stored “permanent” address information, by limiting criterion for such storage information only to those of radio network controllers and the cells to which you can jump directly to the transfer service from its cell, that is, the radio network controller should be stored on a permanent basis information only about their cells, and those cells that control the x another radio network controller, which is adjacent (directly adjacent) this controller radio network. Similarly for the addresses of the radio network controller. Thus, requires less labor and operational support for updating each node in the radio network controller of the latest and correct information about neighboring cells and addresses of the signaling network controller radio network. Further, the transfer between cells can be maintained and controlled by any controller radio network, acting as the serving radio network controller, in large radio access networks, such as network 200 radio access.

It is clear that the corresponding radio network controllers have memory, i.e. the associated memory 205A, 210A and A. Each memory preferably has a “permanent” part to store only information about neighboring cells and the radio network controller, that is, the memory controller 205A radio network contains information not only about their own cells 1:1-1:5, but also on cells of the controller 210 of the radio network, which is adjacent to the controller 205 radio network (i.e. cell 2:1), and the address of the controller 210 of the radio network. Similarly, the memory controller 210A radio network contains not only information about their own cells, but also cells of controllers 205 and 215 radio network, which is adjacent to the controller 210 for the network (i.e. the cells 1:5 and 3:1), and addresses of the controllers 205 and 215 radio network. A permanent part of the memory 205A, however, does not contain identifiers for the cells of the controller 215 of the radio network or the controller 215 radio network, which is not adjacent to the controller 205 of the radio network. Similarly, the memory A contains information about the cell controller 219 radio network, which is adjacent to the controller 215 radio network (i.e. cell 2:5), and the address of the controller 210 of the radio network, but not the address controller 205 radio network.

“Management” part of the memory 205A contains the time, updated information associated with the management of the mobile station, that is, the controller 205 of the radio network that serves as the serving radio network controller to the mobile station monitors the movement of the mobile station for the purposes of resource allocation and receives the update of the position information of the mobile station in the coverage area 200 of the radio. This information about adjacent cells are temporarily stored in the controller 205 of the radio network and is used in the above algorithms initiating transmission service. The controller 205 of the radio network, for example, may transmit identification information of the radio interface of neighboring cells on the corresponding mobile station, for example via the network 220 alarm and the corresponding radio network controller, coordinating communication with podverniotsia against radioresource, for display cells, which should particularly look for the mobile station. These adjustments, for example, obtained as a result of the above requests and responses on the add path, notify the service controller 205 radio network about the identity of the cells and the radio network controllers associated with the mobile station. Thus, the service controller 205 radio network a request for radioresource through signaling network 220 alarm on the appropriate radio network controller (and cell) in the cell transmission service.

It is clear that the principles of the network system and method of the present invention is particularly applicable for use in a radio access technologies type multiple access code division multiplexing (mdcr) or a broadband multiple access code division multiple access (broadband mdcr), which typically use a combination of makarasana, i.e. the connection of the substation can be supported simultaneously by more than one cell. The mobility of PS in such systems is handled by the procedure of gentle transmission service, meaning that cells continuously, as you move the substation on the radio, added and removed from groups of cells that simultaneously support the connection, i.e. the active cell.

The principles of the present invention find particular PR is the change in large networks radio access type mdcr and broadband mdcr, where, as described above, the connection with the PS, after several consecutive transmission service, supported by the cell controlled by the radio network controllers that are not adjacent to the radio network controller acting as the serving radio network controller.

It is also understood that the present invention, as in traditional systems, uses different algorithms for transmission service to enable transmission service. Various parameters are used in the above algorithms, the decision to transfer, for example, the output levels of the neighboring base transceiver stations and other such information of neighboring cells. The parameters used by the network and the method of the present invention, however, include the above address signaling radio network controller and associated cells, remote or not, thus allowing network and method in accordance with the present invention to use a set of improvements.

Although preferred embodiments of the network system and method of the present invention depicted in the accompanying drawings and described in the foregoing detailed description, it is clear that the invention is not limited to the described variants of execution, but there are various reconfiguration, modification of the replacement within the substance of the invention defined by the following claims.

1. The radio access network with multiple cells and a mobile station connected through the given one of the above-mentioned cell radio access network and the radio access network includes: a serving radio network controller that controls many of the cell in the radio access network and the mobile station; many passive radio network controllers, each of which controls the corresponding other sets of cells; and the GSM network connecting the service and passive radio network controllers and providing connection signaling between them, the memory of the service controller, connected to the service radio network controller, and having a constant part and a control part and a constant part contains the set of IDs of cells and address signaling for radio network controllers adjacent to the serving radio network controller, the control part contains the address of the signaling cells adjacent to the cell and the identity of other radio network controllers, the neighboring radio network controller of the cell, and a permanent part does not contain the IDs of multiple remote cells and contains no address signaling for remote radio network controllers and remote controllers radioset which are not adjacent with said serving radio network controller, whereby through the network signalling service controller manages the allocation radioresource for transmission service by the mobile station to another cell in the radio access network.

2. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which this and other cells are under control of the serving radio network controller and a serving radio network controller allocates radioresource it for transmission service.

3. The radio access network according to claim 2, in which the other cell is adjacent to the first remote cell in the first passive radio network controller and a serving radio network controller has a memory of the service controller that contains the identifiers for the first remote cell and the address of the alarm for the first passive radio network controller.

4. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which the cell is under the control of the serving radio network controller and the other cell is under the control of the first passive radio network controller, and this is another cell and the serving and the first passive radio network controllers are respectively adjacent serving radio network controller has a memory of the service controller that contains the identifiers for the other cell and the second remote cell and the address of the alarm for the first passive controller is and the radio network, moreover, the serving radio network controller manages the transfer of service to another cell by allocating radioresource in the first passive controller radio network using the signaling network.

5. The radio access network according to claim 4, in which mentioned this and mentioned the other cells are under the control of the first passive radio network controller.

6. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which the cell is under the control of the first passive radio network controller and the other cell is under the control of the second passive radio network controller, and the first and second passive radio network controllers are not neighboring the serving radio network controller and contain remote identifiers for the respective cells adjacent to this and other cells, the serving radio network controller has a memory of the service controller that contains the identifiers for the respective other cells and the address signal for the respective other radio network controllers adjacent to the serving radio network controller, the memory of the service controller does not contain any of the remote ID.

7. The radio access network according to claim 6, in which the serving radio network controller accepts multiple remote identifiers for the respective cells adjacent is with this and the other cells, from the first passive radio network controller via the network signaling and controls the transfer of service to another cell by allocating radioresource second passive radio network controller, using the GSM network.

8. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which each of multiple passive radio network controllers contains a corresponding memory connected to each of them, and each memory has a constant part, essentially containing many relevant identifiers of neighboring cells and the address of the alarm to radio network controllers, and do not contain identifiers lesosecnyh cells and address signaling for remote controller radio network.

9. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which the operating part of the memory of the service controller contains a set of identifiers of neighboring cells and the address of the alarm controller radio network for a mobile station in a given cell.

10. The radio access network according to claim 9, in which, after the transfer of the mobile station to another cell, another set of IDs of cells and address signaling to the radio network controllers adjacent to another cell, are stored in the control part of the memory of the service controller.

11. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which the GSM network contains a system that is compatible with system No. 7 common channel signaling (SS7), using protocols SS7.

12. The radio access network according to claim 1, in which the radio access network compatible with macrorestriction, and mentioned mobile station is in communication with the radio access network through the set of active cells.

13. The radio access network according to item 12, which is a system of multiple access code division of channels.

14. The radio access network according to item 13, which is a broadband multiple access code division of channels.

15. The mode of transmission service by the mobile station to another of the multiple cells in a radio access network having a multitude of cells and a mobile station communicating with the radio access network through the given one of the cells, which includes transmitting, by the serving radio network controller to the mobile station, a request to allocate resources for transmission service by the mobile station to another cell, and a request for resource allocation is sent through the GSM network connecting service and many other radio network controllers; the allocation of resources in another cell associated with the transfer; the transfer of the mobile station to another cell; and updating the memory of the service controller associated with the serving radio network controller, the identifiers of the cells and the address C is a similar radio network controller, associated with and which is adjacent to another cell, then the memory of the service controller has a constant part, containing a number of identifiers of neighboring cells and the address of the alarm to radio network controllers and not containing the IDs of the deleted cells and address alarm remote controllers, radio network, and the remote radio network controllers and remote cells associated with them, are not adjacent with said serving radio network controller.

16. The method according to clause 15, which also includes, after the said transfer, answer, passive radio network controller, the Manager of another cell, a request for provisioning of the service radio network controller, and the response is sent through the GSM network to the serving radio network controller.

17. The method according to item 15, in which the memory of the service controller has a constant part and a control part, however, before the transfer, the control part contains the address signaling for cells adjacent to the cell, and the address of the alarm to radio network controllers, the neighboring radio network controller of the cell, and which, after upgrading, the control part contains the IDs of the cells adjacent to another cell, and the IDs of the radio network controllers, the neighboring controller radioset the another cell.

18. The method according to item 15, on which the request for allocation of resources through a network alarm is compatible with the protocols of the system common channel signaling No. 7.

19. The method according to item 15, in which the radio access network compatible with macrorestriction, and the mobile station is in communication with the radio access network through the set of active cells.

20. The method according to claim 19, in which the radio access network is a system of multiple access code division of channels.

21. The method according to claim 20, in which the radio access network is a broadband multiple access code division of channels.

22. The serving radio network controller to the mobile station in a given cell of a radio access network that includes: a memory maintenance controller having a constant part, which contains a number of identifiers of the cells and the radio network controllers adjacent to the serving radio network controller and its cells, and a permanent part does not contain the IDs of multiple remote cells and address signaling for remote controller radio network radio access network, and remote controllers, radio network and associated with them deleted cells are not adjacent to the serving radio network controller.

23. The serving radio network controller according to article 22, in which the memory area is rivalshigh controller also includes a control part, contains the address signaling for cells adjacent to the cell, and the IDs of the other radio network controllers, the neighboring radio network controller of this cell.

24. The serving radio network controller according to item 22, which is connected with the neighboring and other remote controllers, radio network through the GSM network connecting the controller and providing a connection between them alarm.

25. The serving radio network controller according to paragraph 24, which coordinates the transfer of the mobile station from a given cell to another cell using the GSM network.

26. The serving radio network controller according to paragraph 24, in which the GSM network contains a system compatible with the system common channel signaling No. 7 (SS7), using protocols SS7.

27. The serving radio network controller according to article 22, in which the radio access network compatible with macrorestriction, and the mobile station is in communication with the radio access network through the set of active cells.

28. The serving radio network controller according to item 21, in which the radio access network is a system of multiple access code division of channels.

29. The serving radio network controller p, in which the radio access network is a broadband multiple access code division of channels.



 

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4 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: radio engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves arranging base stations supplying services to objects belonging to given region in pentagon vertices. Its two non-adjacent angles are equal to 90° and vertex with an angle of 132° is between them. The other angles are equal to 114°. Communication zones cover territory under service without gaps. Their base stations have circular pattern and two radii of communication zones r and R related to each other as r=0.575R. The stations having lesser serviceability radius form a square which side is equal to 1.827l.

EFFECT: reduced service zone overlay degree; coverage of uneven and convex earth surface types.

3 dwg

FIELD: satellite navigation; location of position of mobile objects in space.

SUBSTANCE: "m" monitoring and correcting stations are formed around TV center, where "m" is any integer of navigation spacecraft forming local differential corrections which are transmitted to TV center via radio channel and then to mobile object through TV center transmitter without impairing present broadcasting; mobile object determines its coordinates by signals of navigation spacecraft with local differential corrections taken into account; coordinates thus determined are transmitted to TV center via radio channel and then they are transmitted to traffic control station; traffic control signals formed at traffic control station are transmitted together with coordinates of mobile object to nearest dispatching station by satellite communication channels where target designation signals are formed and are transmitted to mobile object.

EFFECT: enhanced precision of positioning and possibility of performing control of mobile objects.

1 dwg

FIELD: radio communications; single-ended radio communications between moving vehicles having common starting point.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for radio communications using radio communication systems characterized in effective operation when a number of systems mounted on board moving vehicles are communicating at a time involves dropping of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with nondirectional antennas to effect radio communications that ensures electromagnetic safety for persons on board moving vehicles. Mentioned intermediate transceiving stations are pre-installed in mentioned moving vehicles.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiving stations, enhanced noise immunity of on-board electronic facilities.

2 cl 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: communications engineering; mobile communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed mobile communication system has base station system incorporating servicing sectors of base transceiving stations, subscriber terminals, and switching center common for all base station systems that has switch, communication controllers, and central controller; the latter has main processor, means for allocating radio channels in base transceiving stations, means for ordering radio channel access, recording unit for j groups of transceiving devices of base transceiving stations, unit for specifying radio channels from j groups of frequency bands, and unit for assigning priority of subscriber terminal access to radio channels. Subscriber terminal is primarily given priority of access to radio channels of frequency group covering innermost area in cell and only when they are unavailable due to location of subscriber terminal beyond this area or when all radio channels of this group are completely busy is the subscriber terminal given access to radio channel of frequency group bearing numbers j reduced by one sequentially and also with priority.

EFFECT: enhanced capacity, reduced frequency resource requirement and cost of system, reduced inherent noise and provision for electromagnetic compatibility.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: radio communications using cellular communication systems; operating cellular communication systems and those under design.

SUBSTANCE: proposed radio communications process using cellular communication system depending for its operation on frequency reuse and sector structure of cells that incorporates provision for electromagnetic compatibility with electronic means of other cellular communication systems includes intentional division of frequencies assigned to each sector into several groups of different frequencies and radio coverage of disjoint-contour areas nested one into other for each j group by means of transceiving devices, j frequency group covering only j area. Subscriber terminals are primarily assigned priority of access to radio channels of frequency group covering innermost area of sector and only when these frequencies are unavailable and subscriber terminal is beyond this area, or radio channels of this group are completely busy, can this subscriber terminal be given access, also with priority, to radio channels of frequency groups whose numbers are reduced by one.

EFFECT: enhanced system capacity, reduced frequency resource requirement, system cost, and inherent noise.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: radiophone groups servicing distant subscribers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed radiophone system has base station, plurality of distant subscriber stations, group of modems, each affording direct digital synthesizing of any frequency identifying frequency channel within serial time spaces, and cluster controller incorporating means for synchronizing modems with base station and used to submit any of modems to support communications between subscriber stations and base station during sequential time intervals.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of voice information.

12 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for single-ended radio communications between mobile objects whose routes have common initial center involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from mobile object, these intermediate transceiving drop stations being produced in advance on mentioned mobile objects and destroyed upon completion of radio communications. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhances its effectiveness in joint functioning of several radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

1 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for data transfer from mobile object to stationary one residing at initial center of common mobile-object route using electronic means disposed on stationary and mobile objects involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from mobile object, these intermediate transceiving drop stations being produced in advance on mobile object. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhanced its effectiveness in joint functioning with several other radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for data transfer to mobile object from stationary one residing at initial center of mobile-object route using electronic means disposed on stationary and mobile objects involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from mobile object, these intermediate transceiving drop stations being produced in advance on mobile object. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhances its effectiveness in joint functioning with several other radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for single-ended radio communications between mobile objects whose routes have common initial center involves use of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from mobile objects. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement and, consequently, in enhanced effectiveness when operating simultaneously with several other radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety for attending personnel.

2 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for data transfer to mobile objects from stationary one residing at initial center of common mobile-objects route using electronic means disposed on stationary and mobile objects involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from first mobile object. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhances its effectiveness in simultaneous functioning of several radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for data transfer to mobile objects from stationary one residing at initial center of common mobile-objects route using electronic means disposed on stationary and mobile objects involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from first mobile object, these intermediate transceiving drop stations being produced in advance on first mobile object. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhances its effectiveness in joint functioning with several other radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for single-ended radio communications between mobile objects having common initial center involves use of low-power intermediate transceiver stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from mobile objects. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement and, consequently, in enhanced effectiveness when operating simultaneously with several other radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method intended for data transfer to mobile objects from stationary one residing at initial center of common mobile-objects route using electronic means disposed on stationary and mobile objects involves radio communications with aid of low-power intermediate transceiving stations equipped with non-directional antennas and dropped from first mobile object, these intermediate transceiving drop stations being produced in advance on first mobile object and destroyed upon completion of radio communications between mobile and stationary objects. Proposed radio communication system is characterized in reduced space requirement which enhances its effectiveness in joint functioning with several radio communication systems.

EFFECT: reduced mass and size of transceiver stations, enhanced noise immunity and electromagnetic safety of personnel.

2 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: radio communications engineering; digital communications in computer-aided ground-to-air data exchange systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system designed to transfer information about all received messages irrespective of their priority from mobile objects to information user has newly introduced message processing unit, group of m modems, (m + 1) and (m + 2) modems, address switching unit, reception disabling unit whose input functions as high-frequency input of station and output is connected to receiver input; control input of reception disabling unit is connected to output of TRANSMIT signal shaping unit; first input/output of message processing unit is connected through series-connected (m + 2) and (m + 1) modems and address switching unit to output of control unit; output of address switching unit is connected to input of transmission signal storage unit; t outputs of message processing unit function through t respective modems as low-frequency outputs of station; initialization of priority setting and control units, message processing unit clock generator, and system loading counter is effected by transferring CLEAR signal to respective inputs.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency due to enhanced throughput capacity of system.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: radiophone groups servicing distant subscribers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed radiophone system has base station, plurality of distant subscriber stations, group of modems, each affording direct digital synthesizing of any frequency identifying frequency channel within serial time spaces, and cluster controller incorporating means for synchronizing modems with base station and used to submit any of modems to support communications between subscriber stations and base station during sequential time intervals.

EFFECT: enhanced quality of voice information.

12 cl, 11 dwg

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