By-product removing device and fuel cell connected to power generation module

FIELD: power supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: novelty is that by-product removing device has absorbent-charged part in fuel cell that selectively absorbs carbon dioxide delivered from module for power generation, fuel reforming for energy production in first gas, and for power generation from hydrogen; absorbent-charged part affords second gas supply in which carbon dioxide concentration is reduced due to its absorption in power generation module; fuel cell has part charged with fuel for energy generation in the form of hydrogen-containing liquid or gas.

EFFECT: enlarges amount and reduced cost of power generation without by-product emission into environment.

24 cl, 147 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a device for removing by-products used in the power supply system, and more specifically to a device for removing by-products used in the portable power supply system with high energy efficiency.

Prior art

Chemical current sources of different types are used in all applications in home and industry. For example, the primary power source, such as a dry alkali element or manganese dry cell element, often used in hours, film and cameras, toys and portable audio devices, and for such a current source is characterized by the large - with a global perspective - volume production, low cost and availability.

The secondary power source, such as a lead battery, a Nickel-cadmium battery, Nickel-hydrogen battery, lithium ion battery, commonly used in mobile phones or media type of the PDA (PDB, also known as “digital assistants” or “electronic assistants”), which are widely used in manufactured in recent years, portable devices such as digital camera or qi is the global camera, and for such a current source characterized by high economic efficiency, since it can be repeatedly charged and discharged. Among the secondary current sources of lead battery is used as power source for starting engines of vehicles or vessels or as an emergency power source in industrial equipment or medical equipment, etc.

In recent years, with growing interest in the protection of the environment or energy issues, carefully studied problems concerning waste materials generated after the use of chemical current sources, such as described above, or related to the efficiency of energy conversion.

As noted above, the primary current source as the product has a low price and the public, in consequence of which there are many devices in which the current source is used as the power source. Further it should be noted that, as a rule, after the primary power source is discharged, to restore the battery capacity is not, namely, it can be used only once (i.e., the so-called battery single use). Therefore, the amount of waste materials for the year exceeds several million tons. On this occasion, there is statistical information on the situation, according to which the percentage of the total number of chemical current sources collected for recycling is only about 20%, and the remaining approximately 80% throw open dumps or subject to land disposal. Thus, there is a danger of a breach of natural conditions and irreparable damage to the natural environment by heavy metals such as mercury or indium, are part of such non-recyclable batteries.

Evaluating the chemical battery from the viewpoint of efficient use of energy resource, it should be noted that, because the energy spent on the production of primary power source, approximately 300 times greater than the discharge energy, the energy utilization factor is less than 1%. Even if the secondary power source, which can be repeatedly charged and discharged and which is cost effective, if the secondary power source is charged from a household power source (wall outlet) and the like, the efficiency drops to about 12%, due to the efficiency of energy production at the power plant or transmission losses. Consequently, we cannot say that the energy resource is used with the required efficiency.

Thus, in recent years has attracted the attention of various the types of new power systems or systems for energy generation (which hereinafter will be referred to as the generalized name “power supply system”), containing the fuel battery that has little impact on the environment and are made with the ability to implement highly efficient use of energy, in particular component, for example, 30-40%. In addition there is an extensive research and development with the aim of practical application of the power source excitation for vehicles or power systems for industrial applications, combined system, producing energy for domestic use, and others, or replacement of the chemical current source.

However, there are various problems associated with the creation of the element to produce energy, fuel cell, etc. with very high energy efficiency, with smaller dimensions and lower weight, as well as its use as a portable or independent power supply system, for example, replacing a chemical current source.

In fact, in the power supply system, where the release of hydrogen from the alloy that absorbs hydrogen and generates electricity using hydrogen, there is a problem, namely, that the ability to generate energy or the amount of energy produced per unit volume of the adsorbent of hydrogen is small. In addition, it has the was a problem, namely, that in the previously developed system for power generation through direct injection of fuel, which delivers organic chemical fuel directly into the fuel cell, the amount of energy and power consumption of the battery is small.

On the one hand, the system that produces energy by the fuel reformer produces a hydrogen fuel cell from the fuel reformer that produces hydrogen from organic chemical fuel, for example, methyl alcohol or gaseous methane. System, producing energy by the fuel reformer, has the advantage that the amount of energy per unit capacity of the fuel tank is large compared to the system of generating energy through direct injection of fuel, or system, producing energy through alloy that absorbs hydrogen. It should be noted that in the system, producing energy by means of fuel reforming and uniting block steam reforming and oxygen-hydrogen fuel cell, in addition to gaseous hydrogen is formed by-product, such as gaseous carbon dioxide. There is also the problem consists in the fact that the efficiency of energy production decreases as the concentration of gotoblas the oho hydrogen, which affects the production of energy will be small when the fuel element is supplied mixed gas on the basis of gaseous hydrogen and gaseous carbon dioxide. In addition, there is a problem, namely, that the mixed gas may contain a small amount of virulent monoxide.

In addition, because of the volume of the fuel reforming system, generating energy, known in the art, can provide energy sufficient for use as a portable or stand-alone power supply system.

Therefore, the present invention has the advantage of allowing you to get enough energy and energy efficiency cheap way and without the possible release of by-product output.

Summary of the invention

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, a device for removing by-products used in the system for energy production, contains at least one of the following structural elements:

(a) fuel block being provided with a fuel that contains tucked into fuel for energy, representing the liquid or gas containing hydrogen, and

(b) a module for robotki energy, which is made with connection to the fuel block or detach from it, and the module includes a part for the reformer, which converts the fuel to generate energy in the first gas containing hydrogen and carbon dioxide as main components, and a fuel cell that generates electricity through the use of gaseous hydrogen contained in the first gas

the device for removing by-products further comprises containing the absorbent portion which selectively absorbs carbon dioxide contained in the first gas supplied from the part for reforming, and supplies a second gas, the concentration of carbon dioxide which is reduced through the first gas in the fuel element.

Thus, in the device for removing by-products, fuel for energy generation, including elemental hydrogen and being filled in the fuel part is converted into a mixed gas (first gas consisting of hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2), primarily using the parts for reforming. The first gas is converted into the second gas-based hydrogen gas by absorption and removal of carbon dioxide gas through containing the absorbent part. The second gas is fed into the hydrogen-oxygen is toplivnyy element (hereinafter the fuel cell). The second gas has a greater concentration of hydrogen gas for energy production, thereby greatly increasing the efficiency of power generation of the fuel element as compared with the case where the item for energy production does not contain containing the absorbent part. As a result, creates the possibility of using fuel cells as portable or stand-alone power supply system, which has a large coefficient of energy use and a large amount of energy, and is easily managed.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, a fuel cell unit used in the power supply system contains

refill the fuel part, which is made with the possibility of connection with the fuel block and contains the fuel supplied to the part to hydrogen, forming hydrogen and carbon dioxide from the fuel, and the capacity of which is reduced as the formation of carbon dioxide in parts for reforming, and

part to absorb carbon dioxide, which absorbs carbon dioxide, generated in part for reforming, and the capacity of which increases as the formation of carbon dioxide in parts for reforming.

Part to absorb the carbon dioxide expands when it absorbs carbon dioxide, for ensuring that the Oia high concentration of hydrogen, supplied to the fuel cell. However, there is no need to do the fuel block to refill the fuel part, the capacity of which is reduced as the formation of carbon dioxide in parts for reforming. As a result, it is possible to get a portable system for energy generation.

In accordance with an additional aspect of the present invention, a fuel cell unit used in the power supply system contains

refill the fuel part, which contains the fuel supplied to the part to hydrogen, forming a mixed gas containing hydrogen and the first by-product from the fuel, and the capacity of which is reduced as the formation of the first side of the product in part for reforming,

part to absorb the first side of the product, which forms a second side of the product by absorption of the first side of the product and the capacity of which increases as the formation of the first side of the product in part for reforming, and

part to absorb the second side of the product, which absorbs the hydrogen supplied from the part of the reformer, and the second by-product, supplied from the part to absorb the first side of the product.

Part to absorb the first side of the product and the part to absorb the second side of the product absorb the first is a by-product and the second product, respectively, thereby providing a greater concentration of hydrogen supplied to the fuel element.

In accordance with an additional aspect of the present invention, a fuel cell unit used in the power supply system contains

refill the fuel part, which contains the fuel supplied to the part to hydrogen, forming a mixed gas comprising hydrogen and a first by-product from the fuel, and the capacity of which is reduced as the formation of the first side of the product in part for reforming,

part to absorb the first side of the product, which absorbs the first by-product from a mixed gas and the capacity of which increases as the formation of the first side of the product in part for reforming, and

part to absorb the second side of the product, which collects the second by-product of the fuel cell, which generates energy by using hydrogen obtained from the first by-product, and forms a second by-product, and the capacity of which increases as energy in the fuel element.

Therefore, the by-products formed during energy production, can accumulate within the system. As a result, it is possible to manage the impact on the environment during energy production, and also provide acivate greater concentration of hydrogen, supplied to the fuel cell, thereby making efficient energy production.

Brief description of drawings

In Fig. 1A and 1B presents the perspective image showing the application of the power system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 2A-2C shows the block diagram showing the basic structure of the power system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 3 presents a block diagram showing a first variant implementation of the module to generate the energy used in the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 4 presents a block diagram showing the construction of part of the energy supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 5 shows the image, conditionally showing a first example of the construction of part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 6A and 6B presents images, conditionally showing the second example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 7A-7C presents images, conditionally showing the third example of the construction of part of the sub power supply, apply the module to generate power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 8A-8C presents images, conditionally showing the fourth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 9A and 9B presents images, conditionally showing the fifth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 10 shows the image, conditionally showing the sixth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 11A and 11B presents images, conditionally showing the seventh example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 12 presents the conditional image showing the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 13 shows a conventional image displaying the operating state (part 1) in another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 14 pre is represented by the cosmetic, showing the working state (part 2) in another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 15 shows a conventional image displaying the operating state (part 3) in another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 16 presents the conventional image displaying the operating state (part 1) another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 17 shows the conventional image displaying the operating state (part 2) another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 18 presents the conventional image displaying the operating state (part 3) in another example of the eighth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 19 shows a conventional image showing the first example of design and parts for power generation, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 20A and 20B presents a perspective image, illustrating the formation of hydrogen in parts for the fuel reforming applicable to part for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 21A and 21B presents images, conditionally showing a second example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 22A-22D presents conditional image showing a third example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 23A and 23C of the rendered image conditionally showing a fourth example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 24A and 24 presents images, conditionally showing the fifth example of part design for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 25A and 25V presents images, conditionally showing a sixth example of a design part for energy production, rimaniol module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 26 presents a block diagram showing the basic construction of a specific example of a module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 27 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating operation of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 28 shows an image illustrating operation in the starting mode (standby) power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 29 presents an image illustrating operation in the run mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 30 shows an image illustrating the operation in steady state (steady state) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 31 shows an image illustrating the operation in the stop mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 32 shows a block diagram showing a second variant implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 33 presents the conditional image showing the electrical connections between the system power module for energy production), the respective option exercise, and the device

in Fig. 34 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating the operation of the supply system, corresponding to the second variant implementation,

in Fig. 35 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in the starting mode (standby) power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 36 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in the run mode (part 1) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 37 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in the run mode (part 2) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 38 presents a conceptual image illustrating the operation in steady mode (part 1) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 39 presents a conceptual drawing mode, illustrating the operation in steady mode (part 2) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 40 presents a conceptual drawing mode, illustrating operation in stop mode (part 1) of the power system in soo is according to this embodiment,it

in Fig. 41 presents a conceptual drawing mode, illustrating operation in stop mode (part 2) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 42 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in stop mode (part 3) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 43 presents a block diagram showing a third variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 44 presents a block diagram showing a fourth variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 45A and B presents images, conditionally showing a first example of the construction of part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 46A and B presents images, conditionally showing the second example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 47 presents a block diagram illustrating an implementation option means for collecting by-product, is AutoRAE applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 48A-48S presents images that illustrate the work on hold by-product means for collecting by-product in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention,

in Fig. 49 presents a block diagram illustrating another variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 50A-50C presents cosmetic designs, showing examples of the external shape of the fuel block is shown in Fig. 49,

in Fig. 51 presents cosmetic design, showing another variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is shown in Fig. 50A-50C, in part, to host,

in Fig. 52 presents a block diagram showing another variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 53 presents a block diagram showing another variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 54A-C presents cosmetic designs showing an example of the external shape of the fuel block, depicted on the IG. 53,

in Fig. 55 presents a block diagram showing a more specific variant of implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 56 shows a block diagram showing another specific implementation, the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 57 presents a block diagram showing another variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention, and

in Fig. 58 presents a block diagram showing another variant of implementation of the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 59 presents a block diagram showing a concrete option implementation means for detecting the residual amount, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 60 presents an image illustrating operation in the run mode of the power system in accordance with a specific embodiment,it

in Fig. 61 shows the image, the illustration is the dominant operation in the steady state (steady state) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 62 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in stop mode (part 1) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 63 shows a block diagram showing a first variant implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 64 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating the operation of the supply system,

in Fig. 65 presents the image characteristics, which illustrates the time variation of the output voltage of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 66 presents a block diagram showing a second variant implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 67 presents a block diagram showing a third variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 68 shows a block diagram showing an implementation option means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 69 presents a block diagram showing a variant implementation, the possible means to stabilize the fuel, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 70 presents a block diagram showing an implementation option means to stabilize the fuel, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 71 presents a conceptual image illustrating operation in the run mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 72 presents a conceptual image illustrating the operation in the stop mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 73A-73F presents images, conditionally showing examples of external forms, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. A-C presents images, conditionally showing the relationship of correspondence between external species that may have the power supply system according to the present invention, and the external chemical source of current General purpose

in Fig. 75A-N presents images, conditionally showing the external shape of the fuel unit and part of the holder in the power supply system in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention,

in Fig. 76A and B performance is aulani image, conditionally showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 77A-77G presents images, conditionally showing a fuel cell power supply system in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention, as well as the external form of this fuel block

in Fig. 78A and B presents images, conditionally showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 79A-79F presents images, conditionally showing a fuel cell power supply system in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention, as well as the external form of this fuel block

in Fig. 80A-80C of the rendered image conditionally showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. A-81F of the rendered image conditionally showing a fuel cell power supply system in accordance with the fourth embodiment of the present invention, as well as external the form of this fuel block

in Fig. A-82C presents images, conditionally showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment,it

in Fig. 83 presents a perspective image showing an example of the structure of the whole supply system in accordance with the present invention,

in Fig. 84 presents a perspective image showing an example of the design parts for the fuel reforming, which is applicable to this example, the design of the system, and

in Fig. 85 presents a perspective image showing another example of construction of parts for the fuel reforming, which is applicable to this example of the system structure.

The best way of carrying out the invention

Below, with reference to the accompanying drawings, is a description of the specific embodiments of the power system in accordance with the present invention.

First of all, in General terms and with reference to the drawings will be given the description of the equipment to which applicable power supply system corresponding to the present invention.

In Fig. 1A and 1B presents a conceptual image showing a corresponding coordination of the power system in accordance with the present the invention.

For example, as shown in Fig. 1A and 1B, a part of the system 301 power supply in accordance with the present invention, or the entire system can be connected to the existing electric or electronic device (Fig. 1A and 1B shows a personal digital assistant, which in the following text will generally be called a “device”) or detach from this device (see arrow C1), which operates from a primary power source General purpose or a secondary power source, and also from some special electrical or electronic device.

The system 301 power given configuration, providing the possibility of independent carry (portable) part of the system or the entire system. For system 301 power supply provided by the electrodes, which includes a positive electrode and a negative electrode for feeding electricity to The device in a predefined position (for example, at the position equivalent primary current source General purpose or a secondary power source, as will be described below).

Next will be described the basic design of the power system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 2A-2C shows the block diagram showing the basic structure of the power system in the accordance with the present invention.

As shown in Fig. 2A, the system 301 power supply corresponding to the present invention mainly includes: a fuel cell unit 20, which will fill up the MP fuel for energy production, representing a liquid fuel and/or gaseous fuel; the module 10 to generate the energy used to generate electricity EE (hereinafter - energy) in accordance with the state of excitation (load status) devices, based on at least the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20; and a connecting part 30 (hereinafter referred to as the “NOM-part”), is supplied by the fuel supply, etc. intended for fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20, in the module 10 to generate energy. The corresponding integral part of given configuration, enabling them to connect to each other and separating from each other (connecting and disconnecting) in random order, or providing the opportunity to perform them as a whole. In this case, as shown in Fig. 2A, T-pieces 30 can be shaped design, independent of the fuel block 20 and the module 10 to generate energy, or design, are integrated either with the fuel unit 20, or with the module 10 to generate power, the AK is shown in Fig. 2B and 2C. Alternatively, PAIR-part 30 can be shaped configuration, providing the division with the possibility of Association with a fuel unit 20, and the module 10 to generate power.

Next will be described the construction of each block.

[The first version of the implementation]

(A) the Module 10 to generate energy

In Fig. 3 presents a block diagram showing a first variant implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention, and Fig. 4 presents a block diagram showing the construction of the power system in accordance with this embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 3, the module 10A to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, constantly Autonomous generates predetermined electric power (second electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A through RBSU-part 30A, and outputs it as the energy of excitation (power controller) controller K, which is included with the device Have connected at least with the system 301 power supply, and controls the excitation load N (element or module that performs the functions of different types of devices). Provided by the part 11 is of oblaka power supply (second power tool) for issuing energy as the operating energy for the below part 13, managing work, which is located in the module 10A for energy production. In addition, the module 10A for energy production includes: part 13, a control operation that works by using electric power supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply, and controls the operating state of the entire system 301 power supply; part 12 for energy production (one power supply), which has a heater (heating means)provided on the inside of it in accordance with the needs, generates predetermined electric power (first electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A through RBSU-part 30A, or a specified component of the fuel discharged from the fuel for energy, and emits this energy at least as electricity excitation load in order to perform the functions of different types (load N) devices connected to the system 301 power supply; part 14, a control issue, which controls at least the quantity of fuel to generate the energy supplied to the part 12 to generate power and/or controls the temperature of the heater part 12 for energy production on the basis of the control signal operation part 13, the management work; part 15, a control run, at least, the La the control part 12 for energy production thus what is the translation from the standby mode to the operating mode (activation), for the generation of energy, on the basis of the control signal operation part 13, the management work; and part 16, the controlling voltage (the part that detects the voltage), for change detection component of the voltage of the electric power (electric power controller or power excitation load)issued from the module 10A for electricity generation (part 11 of subunit power) and section 12 (for energy production) in the unit U.

As shown in Fig. 4, part 12 for energy production includes: part 210A to the fuel reformer (fuel reforming), intended to highlight pre-defined component (hydrogen) fuel contained in the fuel MP for energy generation, using a pre-defined reforming reaction carried out in relation to the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20; and a portion 210b of a fuel cell for generating predetermined electric power to the excitation device and/or load N through the electrochemical reaction, in which a component of fuel allocated using part 210A for fuel reforming.

Part 210A to the fuel reforming unit (unit fuel reform the nga) includes: part H for the reaction of steam reforming, receiving a fuel, formed from the alcohol and water in the fuel block 20, from part 14a, fuel management, part 14, a management issue, and causing the formation of hydrogen, carbon dioxide as a by-product, as well as small amounts of carbon monoxide; part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas, causing the reaction of carbon monoxide supplied from the part H for the reaction of steam reforming, water supplied from the portion 14a, fuel management, and/or part 210b of the fuel element, and the formation of carbon dioxide and hydrogen; and part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction, causing the reaction of carbon monoxide, which is not reacted in part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas, oxygen, and education dioxide hydrogen. Therefore, the portion 210A for fuel reforming takes part 210b of the fuel cell the hydrogen produced by the fuel reformer, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20, and performs detoxification with regard to a small amount of the formed carbon monoxide. That is, the portion 210b of the fuel element generates supply electricity, consisting of a power controller and power excitation load, due to the use of gaseous hydrogen with high density, obrazovanie the Osia in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas.

In this case, part 13 controls the work, part 14, a management issue, part 15 controls the start, and part 16, the controlling voltage, in accordance with this embodiment are a means of controlling the system, in the present invention. In addition, the system 301 power supply and the device in accordance with this embodiment is designed so that the supply of electricity issued by the below part 12 to produce energy, usually served in the controller and the load N devices through a single output E of the electrode.

Therefore, the system 301 power corresponding to this variant implementation, given the configuration that produces the issuance of a pre-defined energy (electricity excitation load)corresponding to The device that is connected to the system 301 power supply, and independent of fuel supply or control from outside the system (i.e. from outside of the module 10 to produce energy, fuel block 20 T-part 30).

<Part 11 subunit power>

As shown in Fig. 3, part 11 subunit of the power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, given a configuration, providing always the Autonomous production of a pre-defined power (the second e is truenergy), required for operation in the run mode system 301 power supply, through the use of physical or chemical energy and other fuels MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A. This energy consists mainly of electricity EE and electricity EE. Energy EE constantly served as the excitation power (power controller) controller K, which is included in the device and controls the state of the excitation functions of various types (load N), and the working power of the part 13, the control operation that controls the operating state of the module 10A for energy production. Energy EE served as electrical energy (voltage and current) run, at least in part 14 that controls the issuance (depending on designs this can be referred to section 12 for regulating energy), and part 15 controls run during startup module 10A for energy production.

As a concrete design part 11 subunit power can be applied, for example, a design that uses a chemical reaction (fuel cell) fuel consumption MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, or design, which uses thermal energy (energy due to p is snasti temperature), due to the reaction of catalytic combustion, etc. in Addition, you can use: design which uses the dynamic impact of energy conversion (power generation by gas turbines), etc. providing rotation of the generator through the use of pressure fuel MP for energy contained in the fuel block 20A, or the pressure of the gas generated by evaporation of fuel, and power generation; design, which captures the electrons generated by metabolism (photosynthesis, respiration and the like)caused by germs, a power source for which is the MP fuel for energy production, and provides direct its conversion into electricity (production of biochemical energy); construction, which converts the vibrational energy produced by the energy of the liquid fuel MP for energy production, based on the pressure of the fuel or gas pressure into electricity through the use of electromagnetic induction principle (energy fluctuations); the design, which uses the discharge from unit funds accumulation and storage of electricity, such as a secondary power source (charger unit) or a capacitor; a design that accumulates and stores electricity, wirapati emuu each part, implementing the aforementioned power generation and supply it in capital accumulation and storage of electricity (for example, the secondary current source, a capacitor), and emits (discharges) energy; and other structures.

Next, you will see a detailed description of each specific example with reference to the accompanying drawings.

(The first example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 5 presents an image showing the first example of the construction of part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment. In the following text, the proper description of the example will be described in connection with the construction above described power supply system (Fig. 3).

In the first example, the design part of subunit power has the design of proton exchange membrane fuel cell, which is the playback system with direct fuel injection, which uses the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied directly from the fuel unit 20A, and the electric power (second electric power) generated by the electrochemical reaction.

As shown in Fig. 5, the portion 11A of the sub power corresponding to this example design, mainly includes: a fuel electrode (cathode) 111, which represents a carbon electrode, to the which adhere the fine particles predefined catalyst; the air electrode (anode) 112, representing a carbon electrode to which adhere the fine particles predefined catalyst; monophonically membrane (ion exchange membrane) 113 located between the fuel electrode 111 and the air electrode 112. In this case, the fuel for energy production (for example, the substance is alcohol-based, such as a mixture of methyl alcohol and water)is charged into the fuel unit 20A, is fed directly to the fuel electrode 111, and gaseous oxygen (O2)in the air, is fed to the air electrode 112.

As an example, the electrochemical reaction occurring in the part 11A of the sub power (fuel cell), in particular, in the case of direct supply of methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) through the fuel electrode 111, described by the following chemical equation (1), it can be noted that due to the catalysis is separated electron (e-) and a hydrogen ion (proton; H+), which takes place on the side of the air electrode 112 through monophonically membrane 113. After that, the electron (e-) is captured carbon electrode constituting the fuel electrode 111, and supplied to the load 114 (predefined structures inside and outside the supply system; in this case, it may be to the troller To the device, part 13 controls the work, part 12 for energy generation, part 14, a management issue, and so on). It should be noted that a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), resulting in addition of the hydrogen ion through catalysis, is emitted into the air, for example, from the side of the fuel electrode 111.

CH3HE + H2About → 6N++ 6E-+ CO2(1)

On the other hand, when air (oxygen O2) is fed to the air electrode 112, the electron (e-), which passed the load 114 through catalysis, hydrogen ion (H+), which was held monophonically membrane 113, and gaseous oxygen (O2), which is present in the air react with each other, and form water (H2O).

6N++ (3/2)2+ 6E-→ 3H2About(2)

This series of electrochemical reactions (described by chemical equations (1) and (2)) occurs in the environment having a relatively low temperature, which is approximately equal to room temperature. In this case, by collecting water (H2O) as a by-product generated at the air electrode 112, and supply the necessary amount of water on the side of the fuel power is and 111, this water can be reused as a starting material for catalysis described by the chemical equation (1), and can greatly reduce the amount of water (H2O), pre-stored (charged) in the fuel block 20A. Therefore, you can significantly reduce the capacity of the fuel unit 20A, and the part 11 of the sub power can be continuously operated for a long period of time for filing a pre-defined power. It should be noted that the explanation of the construction of the means for collecting by-product, which provides for the collection and reuse of such by-product, such as water (H2O)generated at the air electrode 112 will be described below along with an explanation similar to the design part 12 for energy generation, as described below.

Using a fuel cell having such a structure, part of subunit power, and given that, compared with other systems (for example, below the fuel element, providing the fuel reformer), does not require peripheral design, you can simplify and minimize the design part 11A of the sub power supply and to provide an automatic supply of a predetermined quantity of fuel for energy production in the part 11A of the sub power (fuel is electrod 111) due to the phenomenon of capillarity through toplivoprovoda tube meant for T-parts 30A, through a very simple operation, for example, the connection of the fuel unit 20A with the module 10A for energy production, thereby providing the start and continued operation in the mode of energy production based on chemical equations (1) and (2).

Therefore, a predefined power always independently produced part 11A of the sub power as much time as continuing the supply of fuel to generate energy from the fuel unit 20A, and this energy can serve as a power controller devices and working electricity part 13, the management work, as well as the electricity to run part 12 for energy production or part 14, a management issue. In addition, in a fuel cell it is possible to realize an extremely high efficiency of energy production, as electricity is produced through the direct use of the electrochemical reaction with the fuel consumption for energy generation. In addition, it is possible to effectively use the fuel to generate energy and to minimize the module for energy production, including the portion of subunit power. Moreover, since it does not generate vibration or noise, this design can be used for extensive devices, similar to the primary chemical East is cnico current General purpose or a secondary power source.

As for the fuel element described in this example design, although the description is given only in connection with the use of methyl alcohol as fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, the invention is not limited to this implementation, and satisfactory may be any of the liquid fuel, liquid fuel and gas fuel, comprising at least elementary hydrogen. In particular, it is possible to use liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, liquefied fuel, representing a hydrocarbon, such as the simple dimethyl ether, isobutylene, natural gas (liquefied natural gas, SIPG), or gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas. In particular, you can successfully use this fuel, which is in a gaseous state in the pre-defined environmental conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, when the supply of fuel unit 20A in part 11 of subunit power.

(Second example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 6A and 6B presents images showing the second example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

The WTO is the first example of construction, part of subunit power is the unit for energy, which actuates the motor drive pressure (gas turbine) through the energy of pressure (pressure filling or gas pressure) of the fuel to generate the energy contained in the fuel block 20A, and converts the excitation energy into electricity.

As shown in Fig. 6A and 6B, the portion 11B of the sub power corresponding to this example structure includes: a movable impeller a, which is given such a configuration that the set of blades are curved in a predefined circumferential direction, are arranged in the circumferential direction in such a way that are essentially radial, and made with the possibility of rotation; an electric generator 125, which is connected directly with the center of rotation of the moving impeller a and converts the rotational energy of this movable impeller a into electricity based on the known principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion; a fixed impeller 122b, which is given such a configuration that a lot blades are curved in the direction opposite to the direction of bend of the moving impeller a, along the outer peripheral side of the movable impeller a are essentially radially and fixed relative to the concentration in the second impeller a; part 123 that controls suction for controlling the supply of evaporated fuel for energy production (fuel gas) in the gas turbine 122, containing a movable impeller a and fixed impeller 122b; and part 124, control release, to control the release of fuel to generate energy after passing through the gas turbine 122. In this case, with regard to the design of the part 11B of the sub power supply consisting of a gas turbine 122, part 123, operated by suction, and part 124, a management issue, it should be noted that the portion 11B of the sub power supply can be built and executed, for example, in a small space on one silicon chip 121 method of micromachining and other means, the experience which has been gained in the technology of semiconductors and the like, the combination of which represents the so-called technology micromachines. Although movable impeller a and stationary impeller 122b shown in Fig. 6A open for ease of explanation of the design of the gas turbine 122, actually they are closed by a cover provided on the upper part, except at the center of the moving impeller a, as shown in Fig. 6V.

In this part 11B of the sub power supply, which is shown, for example, in Fig. 6B, when the fuel gas under high pressure, obtained by espainiako fuel dressed in a fuel cell unit 20, absorbed (see arrow C2) of the stationary impeller 122b toward the side of the moving impeller a gas turbine 122 using part 123, management suction creates a vortex flow of fuel along the direction of bending of the fixed impeller 122b, and a movable impeller a rotates in a predefined direction due to this vortex flow, thereby actuating the electric generator 125. As a result, the pressure energy of the fuel gas is converted into electricity via a gas turbine 122 and generator 125.

That is, the fuel to generate the energy supplied to the portion 11B of the sub power corresponding to this example design, absorbed in the state of gas under high pressure, at least when part 123 that controls the suction, open, and fuel is sucked into the gas turbine 122 and movable impeller a rotates in a predefined direction with a predefined rotation speed (or speed) at the expense of the yield of gas, based on a large pressure difference that is created when part 124 that controls the release of open and natural gas stored in the gas turbine 122, is emitted toward the side where the reduced air pressure, such as external in the spirit, with normal pressure, thereby generating predetermined electric power generator 125.

Fuel gas, which affects the rotation of the movable impeller a and the pressure is decreased (because the extra pressure energy), is emitted to the outside of the part 11B of the sub power supply through a portion 124 that controls the release. It should be noted that, although description is given only in connection with the design, providing for the direct production of fuel gas (manufactured gas)emitted from a part of the 11 subunits of power out of the system 301 power supply, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and in the module 10A power supply shown in Fig. 3, it is possible to use a design involving the re-use of fuel gas as fuel to generate energy in the part 12 of the power that will be explained in the description of the next version of the implementation.

Therefore, in the part 11B of the sub power corresponding to this example design, the MP fuel for energy production (fuel gas)supplied from the fuel unit 20A, does not necessarily have combustibility or Flammability), and in design, providing for the direct production of fuel gas used to generate electricity out of the system 301 power is Tania, in particular, it is desirable that the fuel to generate the energy possessed by a flame retardant, resistance to fire and was non-toxic, since it is necessary to take into account the emission of fuel MP for energy generation in the quality of the produced gas. In this regard, the processing that makes them resistant to fire, or detoxification should be carried out prior to the emission of the produced gas to the outside when the fuel for energy production consists of substances with flammable or containing toxic component.

As for the part 11B of the sub power corresponding to this example of the design, it should be noted that in design, providing for the generation of electricity based on the energy of the pressure of the fuel gas, the fuel gas passing through the portion 11B of the sub power (gas turbine 122), and a byproduct (e.g., water) is not formed as it is by the electrochemical reaction in a fuel cell. Thus, when as fuel for energy production is used a substance having a resistance or resistance to ignition, but do not have toxicity, or when there is a design capable of handling that makes them resistant to fire, or processing, providing detoxification, before emission of fuel for energy production Nar is Zhu from the system 301 power supply, even if this fuel for energy production is a substance that is not resistant to fire or have toxicity, is not necessary to provide means for collecting the produced gas.

Applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power, similar to the first example design, you can automatically submit under high pressure fuel MP for energy (fuel gas) in the part 11B of the sub power (gas turbine 122) through RBSU-part 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A for energy, after which you can start and continue working in the mode of energy production. In addition, using part 11B of subunit power is always possible to develop Autonomous predefined electricity as much time as ongoing fuel supply MP for energy production, resulting in you can also apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

(Third example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 7A-7C presents images showing the third example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for energy in the accordance with this embodiment.

In the third example of construction, the portion of subunit power is the unit for energy, which actuates the motor drive pressure (rotary-piston engine) through the energy of pressure (pressure filling or gas pressure) fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A, and converts the excitation energy into electricity.

As shown in the drawings, a portion 11S subunit power corresponding to a third example structure includes: a housing 131 having a working space a, the cross section of which is essentially elliptical; the rotor 132, which rotates around the Central shaft 133, passing along the inner wall of the working space a, and has an essentially triangular cross-section; and the generator (not shown)connected directly to the Central shaft 133. In this case, with respect to part design 11S subunit power, it should be noted that part 11C of the sub power supply can be built and executed, for example, in a small space, whose dimensions are of the order of millimeters, through the use of technology micromachines, similarly each option implementation.

In part 11S subunit of power with this design, workspace a supported, is usesto, at ordinary temperature. When the fuel in liquid form is poured in the workspace a from the inlet openings 134a, the fuel evaporates and expands, and by control of the pressure at the outlet end 134b to achieve low pressure, such as atmospheric pressure creates a differential pressure in the respective chambers formed by the inner wall of the working space a and the rotor 132. As shown in Fig. 7A-7C, the inner periphery of the rotor 132 rotates relative to the outer periphery of the Central shaft 133, under the pressure of the fuel gas generated by passing the vaporized fuel gas from the inlet 134a to the outlet 134b (arrow C3). As a result, the pressure energy of the fuel gas is converted into energy of rotation of the Central shaft 133, and then converted into electricity using an electric generator connected to the Central shaft 133.

In this case, because for this example design is characterized by the application of an electric generator, it is possible to apply an electric generator, which uses the well-known principle, for example, electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion, similarly to the second example of the structure.

Because this sample design is also used design, involving the working of electricity-based energy fuel gas pressure it must be noted that the fuel gas only passes through the portion 11S subunit power (workspace a in the housing 131), providing power generation, therefore, the fuel gas as a gas for energy production does not have to have combustibility or Flammability). You can successfully use this fuel gas, as it is a substance that has become the fuel high-pressure gas, which evaporates and expands until reaching a predetermined cubic volume, at least in the pre-defined environmental conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, when filing in part 11S subunit power.

Applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power similar to each option exercise, you can automatically submit under high pressure fuel MP for energy (fuel gas) in part 11S subunit power (workspace a) through RBSU-part 30A by a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A for energy, after which you can start and continue working in the mode of energy production. In addition, using parts 11S subunit power is always possible to develop Autonomous tentative is but a certain electricity as much time how long does the fuel supply MP for energy production, resulting in you can also apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

(Fourth example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 8A-8C presents images showing the fourth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the fourth example of construction, the portion of subunit power is the unit for energy, which produces electricity through energy through thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference generated due to heat generation on the basis of the reaction of catalytic combustion of fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A.

As shown in Fig. 8A, the portion 11D of subunit power corresponding to the fourth example of construction, has the design of the generator, which is based on temperature differences, which mainly includes: part 141, providing catalytic combustion for heat generation due to the catalytic combustion MP for energy; part 142 that supports fixyou the absolute temperature, to maintain essentially fixed temperature; and element 143 for thermoelectric conversion, is connected between terminal blocks, providing a first and a second temperature, with a part 141, providing catalytic combustion is defined as the end of the unit, providing a first temperature, and part 142 that supports a fixed temperature, is defined as the end of the unit, providing a second temperature. In this case, as shown in Fig. 8B, the element 143 for thermoelectric conversion has a design, which ends in semiconductors or metals of the two types (which for convenience will be interpreted in the following text, the wording “metal etc.”), MA and MB, connected to each other (for example, metal, etc. MV is connected with both ends of the metal etc. MA), and the corresponding connecting part SC and SC respectively connected with a part 141, providing catalytic combustion (end unit, providing a first temperature) and part 142 that supports a fixed temperature (end unit, providing a second temperature). Part 142 that supports a fixed temperature, for example, is the design, which is constantly exposed to external air passing through the part that has the hole, and p, provided for the device, connected to the system 301 power supply, and supports essentially a fixed temperature. About design part 11D of power, representing depicted generator, which is based on the temperature difference, it should be noted that, similarly, each variant implementation, the portion 11D of the power supply can be built and executed, for example, in a small space through the use of technology micromachines.

In part 11D subunit of power with this design, which is shown in Fig. 8C, when the MP fuel for energy production (fuel gas)is filled in the fuel block 20A, serves in part 141, providing catalytic combustion, through RBSU-part 30A, heat generation due to the reaction of catalytic combustion, and the temperature of the part 141, providing catalytic combustion (i.e. end unit, providing a first temperature)increases. On the other hand, as part 142 that supports a fixed temperature for a given configuration, ensuring that its temperature is essentially constant, it creates a temperature difference between part 141, providing catalytic combustion, and part 142 that supports a fixed temperature. Then due to the Seebeck effect, founded the th on this temperature difference, creates a predefined electromotive force in the element 143 for thermoelectric conversion produced electricity.

Specifically, when the temperature of the tip unit, providing a first temperature (i.e. in a fitting SC), is defined as The temperature at the end of the unit, providing a second temperature (i.e. in a fitting SC), is defined as b (<Ta), if the difference between the temperatures TA and Tb is small, between the output pins Viva and b shown in Fig. 8B, generates a voltage Vab=Sabx(TA-Tb). In this case, Sab denotes the relative Seebeck coefficient for metals, etc. MA and MB.

Therefore, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power similar to each example design, you can automatically feeding fuel to generate energy (liquid fuel or liquefied fuel or gaseous fuel) in part 11D of the sub power supply (part 141, providing catalytic combustion) through RBSU-part 30A by a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A for energy production, resulting in heat energy is produced due to the reaction of catalytic combustion, and you can start and continue working in the mode of production e is ergie using generator, which is based on the temperature difference. In addition, using part 11D of subunit power is always possible to develop Autonomous predefined electricity as much time as ongoing fuel supply MP for energy production, resulting in you can also apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

Although in this example, the design description is given with reference to the electric generator, which is based on temperature difference and which generates electricity by the Seebeck effect, which is based on the temperature difference between the part 141, providing catalytic combustion, and part 142 that supports a fixed temperature, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and it is possible to use design, in which electricity is produced based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission emission, in which free electrons are emitted from a metal surface due to the heating of the metal.

(Fifth example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 9A and 9B presents images showing the fifth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this option on is westline.

In the fifth example of the construction part of subunit power is the unit for energy, which produces electricity through energy through thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference generated when the MP fuel for energy production (fuel gas)is filled in the fuel block 20A, absorbs thermal energy on the basis of the reaction of evaporation.

As shown in Fig. 9A, part of the 11TH subunit power corresponding to the fifth example of construction, has the design of the generator, which is based on temperature differences, which mainly includes: part 151, supporting heating and cooling, to maintain the heating and cooling provided by the absorption of heat by evaporation MP fuel for energy production (in particular, LPG); part 152 that supports a fixed temperature, to maintain essentially fixed temperature; and element 153 for thermoelectric conversion, is connected between terminal blocks, providing first and second temperature at this part 151 supporting heating and cooling, is defined as the end of the unit, providing a first temperature and a portion 152 that supports a fixed temperature, is defined as to zeway block, providing a second temperature. In this case, the element 153 for thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to that shown in the fourth example of the structure (see Fig. 8B). In addition, part 152, which supports a fixed temperature for a given configuration, ensure the maintenance of an essentially fixed temperature by introducing into contact with other areas inside and outside the system 301 power supply, or due to the impact from these zones. In addition, regarding the design part of the 11TH power, representing depicted in the drawings, an electric generator, which is based on the temperature difference, it should be noted that, similarly, each of the example design, part of the 11TH power supply can be built and executed, for example, in a small space.

In part of the 11TH subunit of power with this design, which is shown in Fig. 9B, when the MP fuel for energy production (liquefied fuel), dressed in the fuel block 20A in compliance with the conditions predetermined pressure is supplied into a portion 11TH subunit supply through a RESISTANCE-part 30A and transmitted to the external environment, the corresponding predefined conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, the fuel MP for energy production iparams is. At this point, heat is absorbed from the external environment, and the temperature of the part 151, supporting heating and cooling is reduced. On the other hand, as part 152 that supports a fixed temperature for a given configuration, ensuring that its temperature is essentially constant, it creates a temperature difference between the part 151, supporting heating and cooling, and part 152 that supports a fixed temperature. Then due to the Seebeck effect, based on this temperature difference creates a predefined electromotive force in the element 153 for thermoelectric conversion produced electricity similarly to the fourth example of the structure.

Therefore, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power similar to each example design, you can automatically apply the MP fuel for energy production (liquefied fuel) in part of the 11TH subunit supply through a RESISTANCE-part 30A by a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A for energy production, resulting in the absorption of thermal energy due to the reaction of evaporation, with the achievement of heating and cooling, and you can start and continue operation vyrabotki the energy using a generator, which is based on the temperature difference. In addition, by using part of the 11TH subunit power is always possible to develop Autonomous predefined electricity as much time as ongoing fuel supply MP for energy, causing you to apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

Although in this example, the design description is given with reference to the electric generator, which is based on temperature difference and which generates electricity by the Seebeck effect, which is based on the temperature difference between the part 151, supporting heating and cooling, and part 152 that supports a fixed temperature, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and it is possible to use design, in which electricity is produced based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission issue.

(The sixth example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 10 shows an image showing the sixth example of the construction part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the sixth example of the construction part of subunit power is the design of the device for vyrabotki the energy which generates electricity through the use of biochemical reactions in the fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A.

As shown in Fig. 10, part 11F of subunit power corresponding to the sixth example of the design, is the design, which mainly includes: tank 161 to bioculture, which stores the microbes or the biocatalyst (which in the following text will have the common name of “germs, etc.” for convenience) BIO, a food source for them, contributing to their growth is the fuel for energy production; and the electrode a side of the anode and the electrode 161b side of the cathode provided in the tank 161 to bioculture. With this design, by fuel MP for energy generation from the fuel unit 20A through RBSU-part 30A in the tank 161 to bioculture is implemented metabolism, etc. (biochemical reaction) by suction microbes and other ORGANIC and formed by the electron (e-). Capturing this electron through electrode a side of the anode, it is possible to obtain the predetermined energy output pins Viva and b.

Therefore, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power similar to each example design, you can automatically submit that the Levi MP for energy production, which can be a food source for microbes, etc. BIO, in part 11F subunit supply through a RESISTANCE-part 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A for energy production, resulting starts the operation of power generation due to the biochemical reactions of bacteria and other BIO. In addition, using part 11F of subunit power is always possible to develop Autonomous predefined electricity as much time as continuing the supply of fuel for energy production, resulting in you can apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

When biochemical reactions carried out in the case of electricity generation through the use of photosynthesis by bacteria and other BIO, can be continuously and independently to develop and apply a predefined electricity using, for example, a structure in which external light, etc. can get through the part where there is a hole, etc. provided for the device, connected to the system 301 power supply.

(The seventh example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 11A and 11B presents images showing the seventh example of the design part subunit of PI the project, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the seventh example of the construction part of subunit power is the unit for energy, which converts the energy of the vibrations generated due to the motion of the fluid fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, into electricity.

As shown in Fig. 11A, a portion 11G subunit power, corresponding to the seventh example of the design, is designed as a generator of oscillations, which mainly includes: a cylindrical generator 171 oscillations, which gives such a configuration, in which the side on which at least one end, can oscillate when the fuel for power generation, which represents a liquid or gas, is held in a predefined direction, and the oscillation generator is an electromagnetic coil 173 provided on its oscillating end a; and a stator 172, which is inserted in the oscillator, has the permanent magnet 174 provided opposite to the electromagnetic coil 173, and does not create vibrations in relation to the passage of fuel for energy production. With this design, as shown in Fig. 11B, at the expense of fuel MP for energy from the fuel is about unit 20A through RBSU-part 30A, generator 171 oscillations (oscillating end a) creates vibrations by providing a predetermined number of oscillations relative to the stator 172 in the direction (shown by an arrow C4)essentially perpendicular to the direction of passage of the MP fuel for energy generation. Due to these oscillations varies relative relative positions of the permanent magnet 174 and an electromagnetic coil 173, and therefore creates electromagnetic induction, resulting electromagnetic coil 173 provides for obtaining a predetermined electric power.

Therefore, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power similar to each example design, you can automatically apply the MP fuel for energy generation in part 11G subunit supply through a RESISTANCE-part 30A by a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A to generate the energy begins work in the mode of energy production due to the conversion of vibrational energy generator 171 vibrations caused by movement of the fluid. In addition, it is possible to continuously and autonomously to generate a predefined electricity as much time as ongoing fuel supply MP for energy, consequently the ones which you can apply this power in predefined designs, inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

Each example design only shows the version of part 11 of subunit power applied to module 10A for energy production, and this example should not be considered as limiting the design of the power system in accordance with the present invention. In other words, part of the subunit used in the present invention, may have any other construction enables generation within part 11 of the sub power supply on the basis of impact, providing for the conversion of energy, such as the influence of electrochemical reactions, electromagnetic induction, heat, or temperature difference, due to the endothermic reaction, when there is a direct (immediate) the supply of liquid fuel or liquid fuel or gaseous fuel filled in the fuel block 20A. For example, the possible combination of engine driven by gas pressure, which is not a gas turbine or rotary-piston engine, and generator, involving the use of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion. In an alternative embodiment, which will be described below, may use design, in which, in addition to devices for energy generation equiv who build each part of the 11 subunits of power, provided by means of condensation of electricity (condensing unit), in which the electric power (second electric power)generated by part 11 of subunit power, partly accumulate, and then it can serve as a power run part 12 for energy production or part 14, a management issue, at system start-301 power supply (part 12 for energy generation).

(Eighth example of the construction of part of the sub power)

In Fig. 12, Fig. 13-15 and Fig. 16-18 presents cosmetic designs, showing the eighth example of the design and operating condition of part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, and the arrows along the windings of the drawings show the direction in which the electric current.

As shown in Fig. 12, part 11N subunit power corresponding to the eighth example of the structure assigned to this configuration, in which it mainly includes: device 181 for energy production (for example, part of subunit power described in each example design)made with the possibility of the Autonomous generation of electric power (second electric power)when the MP fuel for energy (liquid fuel or liquefied fuel or gaseous fuel), dressed in the fuel block is 20A, served directly by toplivoprovode tube provided for COMP-parts 30, due to the phenomenon of capillarity; part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge that accumulates and stores some amount of power generated by the device 181 for energy production, and represents a secondary current source, a capacitor and the like; and the switch 183 to switch and set the mode of charging and discharging electricity for part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, on the basis of the control signal operation supplied from the part 13, the control operation.

In this design, the power produced by the device 181 to generate energy, to which is applied a constant agitation while continuing the supply of fuel to generate energy from the fuel block is given as a power controller devices and working electricity part 13, the management work, and some of this energy properly maintained in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge through the switch 183. After that, for example, when the part 13 controls the work, ensures the excitation device (load N), by detecting a change in voltage electricity part 16, the controlling voltage, the connection status pereklyuchatele switches based on the control signal work, issued from part 13, the management work, and the electricity stored in the part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, served as the electromotive force in the part 12 for energy production or part 14, a control issue.

In this case, when the charge in part 182 for accumulation of charge conservation, consumption part 12 for energy production or part 14, a management issue, is reduced to some extent, because the excitation devices occurs over a long period of time, it is possible to control so that the portion 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge will not be able fully to discharge through the switch part 12 for energy production at the power supply into the unit and part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge. In addition, the device 181 for energy production can continuously charge the portion 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, and in this case part 12 for energy delivers electricity to the unit U. it Should also be noted that in the second embodiment, when the technical solution for this example design is used as part of the 11 power supply part 13 controls the work, provides the excitation device (load N) and outputs a signal control operation for switching the state is connected to the I switch 183 by receiving through a portion of ALH, containing electrical leads, information about the excitation of the load, which is issued from the controller To the device and indicates that the load N activated from the disabled state and is switched to an on state.

Therefore, in accordance with part subunit supply having such a construction, even if the energy generated per unit time by unit 181 to generate the energy is low (weak electric power)can be submitted in the part 12 to generate electricity or part 14, the control issue, the electric power having a sufficiently high power characteristic excitation by instantaneous discharge power accumulated in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge. Thus, since the ability to power generation device 181 for electricity generation can be set low enough, you can minimize the part 11 of the sub power.

Regarding the part of subunit power corresponding to this example design, it should be noted that, as shown in Fig. 13-15, application design, in which the device 181 for energy production is absent, and provided only part 182 for accumulation and preservation of discharge representing a pre-charged capacitor.

On the IG. 13-15 shows that part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the discharge has the function of electric power supply portion 14, the controlling issue, through switch 183a in accordance with the needs, in addition to functions, providing the possibility of a permanent power supply controller intended for the controller To power excitation load intended for load N, o E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode in the device of the U.

The controller has the function of closing the power switch, transducer, to supply power to the load N when you start The device by the action of the operator of the device or for any other reason.

Part 13 controls the work, has the function of detecting the state of conservation of electric charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge. Part 13 controls the work, closes the switch 183a, stimulates the part 14 that controls the issuance and starts the part 12 to generate power only when the amount of stored electric charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge is insufficient, regardless of the state of excitation load N.

In this design, Fig. 13 shows a situation in which the switch probe is open, because the load N devices not in the of burdena and is in the standby mode, as part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge delivers power to the controller K. At this point, as part 182 to capture and preserve battery stores electrical charge, which is sufficient for supplying a predetermined quantity of electricity, part 13 controls the work, opens the switch 183a.

In Fig. 14 shows a situation in which the standby mode is defined similarly, but part 13 controls the work, finds that the value of the charge portion 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge is reduced to a level which is below a predetermined value, and closes the switch 183a. Part 14, a management issue, begins excitation using electricity from part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge and delivers a predetermined amount of fuel, etc. from the fuel unit 20 in the part 12 for energy. Part 14, a management issue, also supplies electricity to the part 12 to generate power so that the heater portion 12 for energy production reaches a predetermined temperature in a predetermined time. As a result, the part 12 for energy produces electricity, part 182 for accumulation and preservation charge is included in the charging mode the purpose of the accumulation and conservation of electric charge by IP is the use of this power and supports the discharge to achieve energy expectations, to continue the excitement of the controller K. Then, from this state, in which a predetermined amount of electric charge is accumulated and stored in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, part 13, controls a toggle switch 183a open position, shown in Fig. 13.

In Fig. 15 shows the case where the switch probe is closed by the controller To that detected that the device Has started by the action of the operator of the device or for any other reason. When the part 13 controls the work, finds that the amount of charge accumulated and stored in the part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge is reduced to a level that is below a predefined value, at the expense of power consumption in the load N and the controller To the device, this part 13 controls the work, closes the switch 183a, which operates as part of managing the launch and part 14, a management issue, stimulates the part 12 for energy generation, providing power generation and thereby empowering part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge. Then, when the electrical charge of sufficient magnitude accumulates in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, part 13 controls the work, detects this condition and opens the switch 183a to stop arabuko energy part 12 for energy and the excitation part 13, management.

The threshold value corresponding to the magnitude of the charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, when the part 13 controls the work, discovered that you have to close the switch 183a, and the threshold value corresponding to the magnitude of the charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, when part of managing the work, found that it is necessary to open the switch 183a, you can set essentially equal to each other, but the threshold for opening the switch 183a you can set and more.

In the power supply system having such a construction, design and operation of this system differ from the above-described power supply system shown in Fig. 12, so that the power supply system has the capability to produce electricity; part 12 for energy generates electricity in accordance with the state of the charging portion 182 for storing charge, regardless of the state of excitation load N; part 13 controls the work, detects the state of charge part 182 for storing charge, and then controls the switch 183a; and part 182 for storing charge delivers the electricity to the unit U. in Addition, since the power supply system is designed well enough that the part 12 for Virab the energy TCI manages the production of energy and stops energy production only if there is a state of accumulation of electric charge in part 182 for storing charge, not getting any information about the excitation of the load from the controller To the device U. Therefore, for entering information about the excitation load is no longer necessary part of ALH containing electrical leads, and you can apply a design with two terminals of the electrodes, which gives the advantage of compatibility with any other current source General purpose. In addition, as part 182 for accumulation and storage of charge as part of subunit power does not consume in the fuel block 20 fuel to generate electricity when the operation part 12 for energy production is suspended, there is an advantage that is not a useless expenditure of fuel contained in the fuel block 20. Moreover, there is the advantage that The device should not include a scheme to provide information on the excitation of the load from the controller To the power supply system.

Next, with reference to Fig. 16-18, will describe another system power supply with a part of subunit power related to that type, which ensures the accumulation and storage of charge.

In Fig. 16-18 shows part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, which has the function of electric power supply portion 14, the controlling issue, through the switch 183b according the needs, in order to carry out the agitation part 12 for energy production, in addition to a continuous power supply controller intended for the controller, from the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode in the device of the U.

The controller has the function of circuit switch probes to supply power to the load N when you activate The device by the action of the operator of the device or for any other reason.

Part 13 controls the work, has the function of detecting the state of conservation of electric charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge. Part 13 controls the work, closes the switch 183a and exciting part 14, a management issue, forcing the part 12 to generate energy to produce energy only when the amount of stored electric charge in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge is insufficient, regardless of the state of excitation load N. In addition, part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge closes the switch s and generates electricity generated in part 12 for energy, together with energy part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge as a power controller designed for the controller To power excitation load, is the th for load N.

In Fig. 16 in this design shows the case when the part 13 controls the work, opens the switch 183 (switch 183b and switch s) and stops the agitation part 12 for energy production and part 14, a management issue, and part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge delivers power to the controller To, when The device is in standby mode and part 13 controls the work, determines that the portion 182 for accumulation and conservation charge has enough stored energy.

In Fig. 17 shows a situation in which, when The device is in standby mode and part 13 controls the work, determines that the electric charge stored in the part 182 for the accumulation and conservation of charge is decreased to a predetermined value, and this reduction occurs slowly, as the excitation load N is missing, the part 13 controls the work, closes the switch 183b and switch s to supply power to the excitation part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge in the portion 14, the controlling issue, resulting in part 14, a management issue, and the part 12 to generate energy get excited, and electric charge is accumulated and stored in part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge due to the electric power generated in the part 12 for exp the processing energy. At this point, part 14, a management issue, begins excitation using electricity from part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, delivers a predetermined amount of fuel, etc. from the fuel unit 20 in the part 12 to generate power, and supplies the electric power part 12 for energy production, so that the heater portion 12 for energy production could reach a predetermined temperature in a predetermined time. Part 182 to capture and preserve battery continuously supplies the electric power to the controller K. Then, when a predetermined amount of electric charge is accumulated and stored in part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge, part 13 controls the work, from this state, as shown in Fig. 16, opens the switch 183 (switch 183b and switch s).

In Fig. 18 shows a case in which, upon excitation load H by closure of the switch probe controller For, when the part 13 controls the work, finds that the electric charge is accumulated and stored in the part 182 for accumulation and preservation of the charge is reduced to a predefined value, and this decrease is rapid, as is the excitation load N, this part 13 controls the work, closes the switch 183b exciting part 14, the control issue, forcing the part 12 to generate energy to produce energy, and this part 13 controls the work, also closes the switch s and generates electricity generated in the part 12 to generate the energy together with electricity of the part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge as energy controller designed for a controller, and excitation energy of the load intended for the load N. The amount of electricity generated per unit time in the part 12 for energy production, can be set larger than the number that corresponds shown in Fig. 17 saving (accumulation) of the electric charge in the device 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge.

<Part 12 for energy>

Part 12 for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this particular embodiment has, as shown in Fig. 3, the design for the generation predetermined electric power (first electric power)required for the excitation device (load N), through the use of physical or chemical energy of fuel MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20, based on the control run with the part 13, the management work. With regard to the specific design of the part 12 to robotki energy, it is possible to use different types of coordination, for example, by using an electrochemical reaction of fuel use MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20 (fuel cell), using thermal energy caused by the combustion reaction (generation of energy due to temperature difference), with impact, providing dynamic energy conversion, etc. to generate electricity through the rotation of the generator using the energy of the pressure due to the combustion reaction, etc. (generation of energy by internal combustion engine or external combustion), or by converting energy of a fluid medium or thermal energy of the fuel to generate MP energy into electricity by using the principle of electromagnetic induction, etc. (generator, which is based on the mechanism of the electromagnetic fluid, power generator, which is based on thermoacoustic effect, and so on).

In this case, since the electric power (first electric power)generated by part 12 for energy production, is the main power source for the excitation of different functions (load N) of all devices in General, the characteristic excitation energy is set to high. Therefore, when cha is th 11 sub power supply (part 182 for accumulation and conservation of charge) gives the electric power controller devices or working with electricity, etc. for part 13, the control operation part 14, a management issue, and part 12 for energy production, and part 12 for energy delivers electricity excitation load is used to load N, the electric power supplied from the part 11 of subunit power (second electric power), differs from the electric power supplied from the part 12 to generate the energy on the properties.

Next, with reference to the drawings, a brief description of each specific example.

(The first example of a design part for energy production)

In Fig. 19 is an image showing the first example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with a specific embodiment, and Fig. 20A and 20B presents images illustrating the formation of hydrogen in parts for the fuel reforming applicable to part for generating power in accordance with this example design. In this case, description will be given with appropriate references to the design of the system power supply (Fig. 3).

In the first example designs, some for energy generation has the design of proton exchange membrane fuel cell, which is the playback system for fuel reforming, which uses fuel MP d the I generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A through the part 14, a control issue, and the electricity produced by the electrochemical reaction.

As shown in Fig. 19, part 12A for energy attached to this configuration, in which it mainly includes: part 210A to the fuel reformer (fuel reforming) to select a pre-defined component (hydrogen) fuel contained in the fuel MP for energy production, through the use of pre-defined reforming reaction carried out in relation to the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, and part 210b of a fuel cell for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power) for the excitation of the load 214 (devices or loads N) through an electrochemical reaction using the component fuel allocated part 210A for fuel reforming.

As shown in Fig. 20A, part H for the reaction of steam reforming, pursuant to part 210A for fuel reforming, in the General case highlights a component of the fuel present in the fuel MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, which manages, for each process, including reaction evaporation and provocaimensa. For example, in the case of formation of gaseous hydrogen (H2when using a mixture of methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) as fuel MP for energy production, at the stage of evaporation of the first evaporated methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and water (H2On) by deposition of methyl alcohol and water as a liquid fuel in the atmosphere in compliance with the conditions under which keep the temperature approximately equal to the boiling temperature with heater controlled part 14, a management issue.

Then, in the process of steam reforming by deposition in the atmosphere in compliance with the conditions under which maintain a temperature of about 300° for evaporated methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) using the heater, is absorbed thermal energy in the amount of 49 kJ/mol, and formed hydrogen (H2) and a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), as shown by the chemical equation (3). In the process of steam reforming can be formed small amount of carbon monoxide (CO) as a by-product, in addition to hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2).

CH3HE+H2About → 3H2+CO2(3)

In this case, as shown in Fi is. 20B, in the late part of H for the reaction of steam reforming is possible to provide a portion 210Y containing the selected oxidation catalyst designed to remove carbon monoxide (CO)formed as a byproduct in the reaction of reforming vapor, so that it was possible to transform the carbon monoxide (CO) carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2through appropriate processes involving the reaction of conversion of water gas and the selected oxidation reaction, thereby suppressing the emission of harmful substances. In particular, in the reaction of conversion of water gas, passing in part 210Y containing the selected oxidation catalyst, thermal energy in the amount 40,2 kJ/mol is produced through the reaction of water (H2Oh, in the form of vapor) and carbon monoxide, resulting in the formation of carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2), as shown by the chemical equation (4).

CO+H2About → CO2+H2(4)

In addition, the end portion 210Y containing the selected oxidation catalyst, it is possible to provide part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction. In the process the selected oxidation reaction, thermal energy in the amount of 283,5 kJ/mol is produced through PR is conducting the reaction of oxygen (O 2with carbon monoxide, which is not transformed into carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2through the reaction of conversion of water gas, and produces carbon dioxide (CO2), as shown by the chemical equation (5). This part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction can be provided in the end part H for the reaction of steam reforming.

CO+(1/2)O2→ CO2(5)

A small portion of the product (mainly carbon dioxide)that is different from hydrogen, formed by the series of reactions is emitted into the air through the exhaust hole (not shown); an explanation will be given below in the example design provided for a module 10A for energy production.

Explanation of specific design parts for the fuel reformer having the same function, as well as other structures, will be described below in the following example design.

As shown in Fig. 19, similarly to the fuel element with direct fuel injection, applicable to part 11 of the sub power supply part 210b of the fuel cell basically includes: a fuel electrode (cathode) 211, which represents a carbon electrode to which adhere the fine particles of a catalyst, e.g. platinum, palladium, platinum Ruth is tion; the air electrode (anode) 212, which represents a carbon electrode to which adhere the fine particles of a catalyst, e.g. platinum; linkoeping monophonically membrane (ion exchange membrane)disposed between the fuel electrode 211 and the air electrode 212. In this case, gaseous hydrogen (H2)allocated part 210A for fuel reforming, is fed to the fuel electrode 211 of the fuel MP for energy supplied by a number which manages part 14, a management issue, and gaseous oxygen (O2)in the air, is fed to the air electrode 112. As a result, due to the electrochemical reaction produces energy, and electricity, which can be predefined energy excitation (voltage or electric current) supplied to the load 214 (load N devices). Further, in accordance with needs, a certain share of electricity generated in part 210b of the fuel element, served in part 14a that controls fuel and/or part 14 that controls the heater.

In particular, as an example of the electrochemical reactions taking place in the part 12 for energy in this example design, it can be noted that, if gaseous hydrogen (H2) served on fuel and electricity is od 211, at the expense of catalysis in fuel electrode 211 is separated electron (e-) and a hydrogen ion (proton; H+), which takes place on the side of the air electrode 212 through monophonically membrane 213, and the electron (e-) is captured carbon electrode constituting the fuel electrode 211 and supplied to the load 214, as shown by the chemical equation (6).

3H26N++6E-(6)

When air is supplied to the air electrode 212, the electron (e-), which has passed through the load 214 through catalysis on the air electrode 212, hydrogen ion (H+), which went through monophonically membrane 213, and gaseous oxygen (O2), which is present in the air react with each other, and formed water (H2O), as shown by the chemical equation (7).

6N++(3/2)2+6E-3H2About(7)

This series of electrochemical reactions (shown in chemical equations (6) and (7)) occurs in the environment relatively low temperature of approximately 60-80° and a by-product generated in addition to electricity generation (electricity) the AI excitation load), basically is just water (H2About). In this case, by collecting water (H2O) as a by-product generated at the air electrode 212, and supply the necessary amount of water in the portion 210A for fuel reforming, you can reuse the water for the reaction of the fuel reforming or reaction conversion of water gas fuel MP for energy, and you can greatly reduce the amount of water (H2O), pre-stored (charged) in the fuel unit 20A for the reaction of the fuel reforming, and can significantly reduce the capacity of the means for collecting by-products, which are provided in the fuel block 20A and collects by-products. It should be noted that the design of the means for collecting by-products intended for the collection and reuse of such by-product, such as water (H2O)generated at the air electrode 212 will be described below along with an explanation of the means for collecting by-products found in part 11 of subunit power.

The energy generated due to the electrochemical reaction and supplied to the load 214, depends on the amount of gaseous hydrogen (H2submitted in part 12A for energy (fuel electrode 211 part 210b of the fuel element). The electric power supplied to the device, can be arbitrarily adjusted by controlling the quantity of fuel MP for energy production (essentially hydrogen gas)supplied to the part 12 to generate energy through the portion 14, the control issue; for example, this power can be set in such a manner that it will be equivalent to the energy of chemical current sources General purpose.

Using a fuel cell, which is based on a fuel reformer having such a construction, in part for energy production and taking into account that permits efficient generation of arbitrary power by controlling the quantity of fuel MP for energy, supplied with part 14, a management issue, you can implement the work in a suitable mode of energy production in accordance with the state of excitation devices (load N) based on the information about the excitation load. In addition, by applying such a design of the fuel element and considering that by the electrochemical reaction may receive power directly from the MP fuel for energy production, it is possible to realize a very high efficiency of energy production and efficient use of fuel MP for energy or you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, including part 12 for energy.

nelogicno description part 11A of the sub power supply (see the first example of its construction), it should be noted that, although description is given only in connection with the use of methyl alcohol as fuel MP for energy production, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and satisfactory may be any of the liquid fuel, liquid fuel and gas fuel, comprising at least elementary hydrogen. Consequently, it is possible the successful use of liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, LPG, representing a hydrocarbon, which can evaporate at ordinary temperature, such as a simple dimethyl ether, isobutylene or natural gas, gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas, etc.

It should be noted that in the case of liquefied hydrogen and / or hydrogen gas as such as fuel MP for energy, you can use the structure through which the fuel MP for energy supplied quantity which controls only a portion 14 that manages the issuance, served in part 210b of the fuel element, and the portion 210A for fuel reforming, such as described in this example design, is unnecessary. In addition, although the fuel cell, providing the fuel and the reforming, was described only as design part 12 for energy production, the present invention is not limited to this implementation. Similar to the description of the part 11A of the sub power supply (see the first example of its construction), it should be noted that it is possible to apply the fuel cell with direct fuel injection, although its generation efficiency is low, and that to generate electricity, you can use liquid fuels, liquefied fuel, gaseous fuel, etc.

(Second example of a design part for energy production)

In Fig. 21A and 21B presents images showing a second example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the second example of construction, the part for energy generation has the design of devices for energy generation, which uses the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, a management issue, actuates the gas turbine internal combustion engines (internal combustion engine) through the energy of pressure caused by the combustion reaction, and converts the excitation energy into electricity.

As shown in Fig. 21A and 21B, part 12V for power production corresponding to this example designs, mainly includes the t: a movable impeller 222, which given this configuration, when many of the blades are curved in a predefined direction on the circumference, and the blade suction, s, and blade release, WIP, which are located on the circle in such a way that are essentially radially and are connected to each other coaxially, and also have the opportunity of rotation; a stationary impeller 223, which consists of blades suction, s, and blade release, WIP, and which is attached to this configuration, when many of the blades are curved in the direction opposite to the direction of the angulation of the impeller 222 (blades suction, s and blades release, WIP), along the outer peripheral side of the movable impeller 222, are located essentially radially and still relatively movable impeller 222; chamber 224 combustion engines designed to burn fuel MP for energy (fuel gas)that is absorbed by the movable impeller 222 in a predetermined time; part 225 plugs designed for ignition of the fuel gas that is absorbed into the chamber 224 combustion; electric generator 228, which is connected directly with the center of rotation of the moving impeller 222 and converts the rotational energy of this movable impeller 222 into electricity based on the known principle of electro agnitas induction or piezoelectric conversion; part 226 that controls suction for controlling the supply (suction) of the evaporated fuel gas in the gas turbine internal combustion engines, containing a movable impeller 222 and a fixed impeller 223; and part 227, control release, to control the release of fuel gas (gas produced) after its use in a gas turbine. Regarding the design part 12 for energy, including gas turbine, part 226 that controls suction, and part 227, the control issue, it should be noted that the part 12 for energy generation can be built and executed in a small space, whose dimensions are of the order of millimeters, for example, on a silicon chip 221 on manufacturing techniques of micro machines similar to part 11 of the sub power. For convenience of explanation of the design of the gas combustion turbine, blades, suction, s and s shown in Fig. 21A open.

In this part of the 12V for power production, which is shown, for example, in Fig. 21B, when the fuel gas that is absorbed by the blades of the suction vs and vs, gas combustion turbine with part 226, operated by suction, kindled by part 225 of ignition in the chamber 224 of combustion in a predetermined time, burned and emitted from the side of the manufactured blades WIP and 223 shall return to index (arrows C5), creates a vortex flow of the fuel gas along the direction of bending of the fixed impeller 222 and the movable impeller 223, and due to this vortex flow is automatically applied to the absorption and release of fuel gas. In addition, movable impeller 222 rotates continuously in a predefined direction, thereby actuating the electric generator 125. As a result, the energy of the fuel is obtained by using the fuel gas is converted into electricity through a gas combustion turbine and generator 228.

As part 12B corresponding to this example design, is designed for the generation of energy by using the energy of combustion of fuel gas, fuel MP for energy (fuel gas)supplied from the fuel unit 20A, must have at least Flammability or combustibility. For example, it is possible to successfully apply the liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, liquefied fuel, representing a hydrocarbon, which evaporates at ordinary temperature, such as the simple dimethyl ether, isobutylene or natural gas, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas.

In case of application design, providing a direct issue that is cast gas (gas produced) out of the system 301 power supply, it should be noted that the processing that makes them resistant to fire, or detoxification should be carried out prior to the emission of the produced gas to the outside, or it is necessary to provide means for collecting gas produced, if this produced gas contains combustible or toxic component.

Applying a gas turbine internal combustion engines having such a construction, for parts for energy production, taking into account the fact that the possible generation of arbitrary power by using a simple control method designed to control fuel input to the MP for energy, you can ensure that the appropriate mode of energy production to create a state of excitation device U. in Addition, by applying such a structure as a gas combustion turbine, manufactured by micromachining methods, can produce energy with a relatively high efficiency of energy production, and also you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, including part 12 for energy production, while making efficient use of fuel MP for energy production.

(Third example of a design part for energy production)

In Fig. 22A-22D presents images that illustrate the work in relation to the third example of construction of a part for generating the CN is rgii, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the third example of construction, the part for energy generation has the design of devices for energy generation, which uses the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, a management issue, actuates the rotary piston engine (internal combustion engine) through the energy of pressure generated by the combustion reaction, and converts the excitation energy into electricity.

As shown in these drawings, the portion 12C to generate the energy corresponding to the third example structure includes: a housing 231 workspace a, the cross section of which is essentially elliptical; the rotor 232, which rotates, keeping the eccentricity relative to the inner wall of the working space a, and has an essentially triangular cross-section; known rotary piston engine having a part 234 ignition, which provides the ignition and combustion of the compressed fuel gas; and an electric generator (not shown)connected directly to the Central shaft 233. As for the design part 12C for generating power, comprising a rotary-piston engine, which is similar to each example design,it should be noted, this part 12C for energy generation can be built and executed, for example, in a small space through the use of technology micromachines.

In part 12C to generate energy with this construction, by repeating each suction stroke, compression, combustion (explosion) and release by means of rotation of the rotor 232, the pressure energy due to combustion of the fuel gas is converted into rotational energy, and this energy is converted into electric generator. That is, in the suction stroke, as shown in Fig. 22A, the fuel gas is sucked from the inlet a and dressed in a predefined working chamber of the Republic of Kazakhstan, formed by the inner wall of the working space a and rotor 232. Then, after compression of the fuel gas in the working chamber of the Republic of Kazakhstan to achieve high pressure in the compression stroke, as shown in Fig. 22B, the fuel gas is ignited and burns (explodes) under the influence of part 234 ignition in a predetermined time in the cycle of combustion, as shown in Fig. 22S, and the produced gas after combustion is emitted from the working chamber of the Republic of Kazakhstan through an outlet 235b in the discharge stroke, as shown in Fig. 22D. In this series of cycles of actuation, the rotation of the rotor 232 in a predefined direction (arrow C6) supports rivets the pressure energy, caused by the ignition and combustion of the fuel gas in the quantum combustion, and power transmission rotation on the Central shaft 233 continues. As a result, the energy of combustion derived fuel gas, is converted into rotational energy of the Central shaft 233, and then converted into electricity using an electric generator (not shown)connected to the Central shaft 233.

Concerning the construction of the generator in this example, it should be noted that it is possible to apply known generator uses electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion, similarly to the second example of the structure.

In addition, as in this example, the design also uses design, providing electricity production on the basis of the energy of combustion of fuel gas, fuel MP for energy (fuel gas) must have at least Flammability or combustibility. In addition, in the case of the use of this design for the direct emission of the fuel gas after combustion (i.e. manufactured gas) out of the system 301 power supply, it can be understood that the processing that makes them resistant to fire, or detoxification should be carried out prior to the emission of the produced gas to the outside, or it is necessary to provide means for collecting the produced ha is a, if this produced gas contains combustible or toxic component.

Using the rotary piston engine having such a construction, for the part to generate the energy equivalent to each example design, taking into account the fact that the possible generation of arbitrary power by using a simple control method designed to control fuel input to the MP for energy production, it is possible to ensure proper operation of energy production to create a state of excitation of the device. In addition, by applying such a design as a rotary engine, manufactured by micromachining methods, you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, including part 12 for energy production, while simultaneously generating electricity using relatively simple design that works, creating smaller fluctuations.

(Fourth example design

parts for energy production)

In Fig. 23A and 23C presents conditional image showing a fourth example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with the embodiment. In this case, illustrates only the basic design (two-piston fail type and pressure type) is known Stirling engine, and provides easy about isana their work.

In the fourth example of construction, the part for energy generation has the design of devices for energy generation, which uses the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, a management issue, actuates a Stirling engine (external combustion engine) by means of the energy obtained by combustion reaction, and converts the excitation energy into electricity.

As shown in Fig. 23A, in part 12D for energy, corresponding to the fourth example of construction, the Stirling engine with two-piston fail type mainly includes: cylinder a high-temperature side (expansion) and the cylinder 242a low-temperature side (compression), which are made with the enabling reciprocating movement of the working gas; a piston 241b high temperature side and the piston 242b low-temperature side, which are provided in these cylinders a and 242a and is connected to the crank shaft 243 by enabling reciprocating movement with a phase difference of 90° ; heater 244 for heating cylinder a high temperature side; block 245 cooling, intended for cooling of the cylinder 242a low-temperature side; the well-known Stirling engine with flywheel 246 connected to the crankshaft axis is on the shaft 243; and the generator (not shown)directly connected to the crankshaft 243.

In part 12D for energy production, with such a design, the cylinder a high temperature side is supported continuously heated with the heat caused by combustion of fuel gas, while the cylinder 242a low-temperature side is maintained constantly cooled by introducing him into contact with other areas inside and outside the system 301 power supply, or due to the impact of such zones, for example, via the external air, and each cycle izobaricheskogo heating, isothermal expansion, izobaricheskogo cooling and isothermal compression is repeated. As a result, the kinetic energy of the reciprocating movement of the piston 241b high temperature side piston and 242b of the low-temperature side is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and is passed to the generator.

That is, in the process izobaricheskogo heat, when there is thermal expansion of the working gas, and the piston 241b high temperature side begins to move down in the cylinder 242a low-temperature side having a small capacity, which is a space that communicates with the cylinder a high temperature side piston 242b low-temperature side of the PE elsaelsa up by reducing pressure, due to the dramatic lowering of the piston 241b high temperature side and the cooled working gas cylinder 242a low-temperature side is held in the cylinder a high-temperature side. Thereafter, in step isothermal expansion, the cooled working gas is left in the cylinder a high temperature side, undergoes sufficient thermal expansion and increases the pressure in the space between the cylinder a high temperature side and the cylinder 242a low-temperature side, thus, the piston 241b high temperature side and the piston 242b low-temperature side is moved down.

Then, in step izobaricheskogo cooling, the space in the cylinder 242a low-temperature side is increased due to a sharp lowering of the piston 242b low-temperature side, and the space in the cylinder a high temperature side due to this reduced. In addition, the piston 241b high temperature side moves up and working gas from the cylinder a high temperature side passes into the cylinder 242a low-temperature side and is cooled. Then, in step isothermal compression, the cooled working gas filling the space inside the cylinder 242a low-temperature side is compressed, and in both continuous spaces in the cylinder 242a nizkotemperaturno the second side and the cylinder a high temperature side, reduced pressure. In addition, both of the piston, the piston 241b high temperature side and the piston 242b low-temperature side, move up, and the working gas is compressed. In this series of cycles of actuation, the rotation of the crankshaft 243 in a predefined direction (arrow 7) is maintained by heating and cooling of the fuel gas that causes the reciprocating movement of the pistons. As a result, the pressure energy of the working gas is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243, and then converted into electricity using an electric generator (not shown)connected to the crankshaft 243.

On the other hand, in the part 12D for energy, corresponding to the fourth example of the structure as shown in Fig. 23C, the Stirling engine displacer type given such a configuration, in which he mainly includes: cylinder C with high-temperature space and the low-temperature space, which are separated by a displacer piston 241d, which is provided in the cylinder s and which gives the configuration that provides the opportunity for reciprocating movement; a power piston 242d, which makes the reciprocating movement in accordance with the pressure change in the cylinder s; crankshaft 243, which with nitely piston 241d and the power piston 242d are connected with providing a phase difference of 90° ; heater 244 for heating one end side (side of the high-temperature space) cylinder s; block 245 cooling, intended for cooling the other end side (the side of the low-temperature space) cylinder s; the well-known Stirling engine with flywheel 246 that is connected with the axial center of the crankshaft 243; and the generator (not shown)directly connected to the crankshaft 243.

In part 12D for energy generation, with this construction, the high-temperature side cylinder is supported continuously heated with the heat caused by combustion of fuel gas, while the low-temperature side of the same cylinder is maintained constantly chilled. In addition, by repeating each of the cycles izobaricheskogo heating, isothermal expansion, izobaricheskogo cooling and isothermal compression, the kinetic energy is carried out with a phase difference of 90° reciprocating movement of the displacer piston 241d and the power piston 242d is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and is passed to the generator.

That is, the quantum izobaricheskogo heat when under the influence of the heater 244 for thermal expansion of the working gas, and the pressure piston 241d begins to move the change-up, the working gas on the side of the low-temperature space, is on the side of the high-temperature space and heats up. Thereafter, in step isothermal expansion, the pressurized working gas on the high temperature side space, undergoes thermal expansion, and pressure increases. As a result, the power piston 242d moves up. Then, in step izobaricheskogo cooling, when the displacer piston 241d moves down due to the flow of the working gas, isothermal extended using the heater 244, on the side of the low-temperature space, the working gas on the high temperature side space, is on the side of the low-temperature space and is cooled. Thereafter, in step isothermal compression, the working gas is cooled in the cylinder is on the side of the low-temperature space is compressed, and the pressure on the side of the low-temperature space decreases, which leads to a drastic lowering of the power piston 242d. In this series of cycles of actuation, the rotation of the crankshaft 243 in a predefined direction (arrow 7) is maintained by heating and cooling of the working gas and a corresponding reciprocating movement of the pistons. As a result, the pressure energy is I'm working gas is converted into rotational energy of the crankshaft 243, and then converted into electricity using an electric generator (not shown)connected to the crankshaft 243.

In this case, applied to the design of the generator, as in the description of the second and third examples of the design, it should be noted that it is possible to apply known generator uses electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion. Next, concerning the construction of part 12D, equipped with a Stirling engine shown in Fig. 23A and 23C, it should be noted that this part for energy production can also be embedded and executed in a small space, similarly to each of the example design. In addition, in this example design, because this is a design for energy-based thermal energy caused by the combustion of fuel gas, the fuel for energy production (fuel gas) must have at least Flammability or combustibility.

Applying the Stirling engine having such a construction, for parts for energy production, similar to the third example of construction, it is possible to generate arbitrary power by using a simple control method designed to control fuel input to the MP for energy production, and therefore it is possible to handle adequately the mode of energy production to create a state of excitation devices (load N). In addition, by applying such a design as minimized Stirling engine, you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, including part 12 for energy production, while simultaneously generating electricity using relatively simple design that works, creating smaller fluctuations.

Incidentally, although the device for energy generation, equipped with a turbine internal combustion rotary piston engine and the Stirling engine described in the examples of design from second to fourth as a device for producing energy that converts changes in the gas pressure, based on the reaction of combustion MP for energy, into electricity with an intermediate stage of the energy of rotation, the present invention is not limited to this implementation. Possible the implementation of the combined use of various types of internal combustion engine or external combustion engine, such as a pulsed combustion engine and electric generator using a well-known principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion.

(Fifth example of a design part for energy production)

In Fig. 24A and 24 presents cosmetic design, showing the fifth example of the structure h is STI for energy production, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the fifth example of construction, the part for energy generation has the design of devices for energy generation, which uses the MP fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, a management issue, and generates electricity by producing energy through thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference generated by heat generation on the basis of the combustion reaction (oxidation reaction).

As shown in Fig. 24A, a portion 12E for energy, corresponding to the fifth example of construction, has the design of the generator, which is based on temperature differences, which mainly includes: heater 251, using the heat of the produced gas for production of heat due to the combustion reaction (oxidation reaction) MP fuel for energy production; part 252 supporting a fixed temperature, to maintain essentially fixed temperature; and element 253 for thermoelectric conversion, is connected between terminal blocks, providing the first and the second temperature, and the heater 151 using the heat of the produced gas is determined as the terminal block, ensuring the th first temperature, as part 252 supporting a fixed temperature, is defined as the end of the unit, providing a second temperature. In this case, the element 253 for thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to that shown in Fig. 8B. The heater 251, using the heat of the produced gas, continuously supports the combustion reaction to maintain a high temperature by the acceptance of the MP fuel for energy production, while part 252 supporting a fixed temperature for a given configuration, ensure the maintenance of an essentially fixed temperature (for example, normal temperature or low temperature) by introducing into contact with other areas inside and outside the system 301 power supply, or due to the impact from these zones. Regarding the design portion 12E for energy representing depicted in the drawings, an electric generator, which is based on the temperature difference, it should be noted that, similarly, each of the example design, part 12E for energy generation can be built and executed, for example, in a small space.

In part 12E for energy production, with such a design, which is shown in Fig. 24, when the MP fuel to generate the energy charged in the fuel unit 20A with part 14, the management is a growing issue, combustion reaction (oxidation) occurs in accordance with the quantity of supplied fuel to generate power and heat generation, thereby increasing the temperature of the heater 251, using the heat of the produced gas. On the other hand, as the temperature of the portion 252 that supports a fixed temperature, defined as asked, essentially constant, it creates a temperature difference between the heater 251, using the heat of the produced gas, and part 252 supporting a fixed temperature. Then due to the Seebeck effect, based on this temperature difference creates a predefined electromotive force in the element 253 for thermoelectric conversion produced electricity.

Similarly, each of the example design using the generator, which is based on the temperature difference with this construction, it is possible to generate arbitrary power by using a simple control method designed to control fuel input to the MP for energy production, and therefore it is possible to provide in a suitable mode of energy production to create a state of excitation devices (load N). In addition, by applying such a construction as an electric generator, which is based n the temperature difference and which is manufactured by the method of micromachining, you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, including part 12 for energy production, while simultaneously generating electricity using relatively simple design that works, creating smaller fluctuations.

Although the description is given with reference to the electric generator, which is based on temperature difference and which generates electricity by the Seebeck effect based on the temperature difference between the heater 251, using the heat of the produced gas, and part 122 that supports a fixed temperature, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and it is possible to use design, in which electricity is produced based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission issue.

(Sixth example of a design part for energy production)

In Fig. 25A and 25V presents cosmetic design, showing a sixth example of a design part for energy applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this particular embodiment.

In the sixth example of the construction part to generate electricity has the design of devices for energy generation, which uses the MP fuel supplied from the fuel unit 20A with part 14, a management issue, and generates electricity (E. accreditedby force) on the basis of the principle of magnetohydrodynamic.

As shown in Fig. 25A, part 12F for energy, corresponding to the sixth example of the design, is the design, which mainly includes: magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator, basically having a pair of electrodes ELA and b, which form a flow channel through which the MP fuel for energy production, which represents a conductive fluid environment, is in the form of a pre-defined flow, and are against each other; means GMP, generating a magnetic field having neoteny permanent magnet Nd-Fe-B, which creates a magnetic field having a predetermined intensity in a direction perpendicular as opposite to the direction of the electrodes ELA and b, and the direction of the flow channel of the fuel MP for energy; and output the conclusions of Vis and d, individually connected to the respective electrodes ELA and b. In this case, the MP fuel for energy production is a conductive fluid environment (working fluid environment), such as plasma, liquid metal, the liquid containing a conductive substance, or gas, and a flow channel of the fuel is formed in such a way that the MP fuel for energy production can be carried out in the direction (arrow C8), parallel electrodes ELA and b. It should be noted, is part 12F for energy production, corresponding to this example design, can also be embedded and executed in a small space through technology micromachines, similarly, each of the example design.

In part 12F for energy generation, with this construction, as shown in Fig. 25V, by creating a magnetic field vertical to the direction of the flow channel of the fuel to generate the energy by means of the GMF, generating a magnetic field, and due to the movement of fuel (conductive fluid) MP for energy flow u in the direction of the flow channel, the induced electromotive force u· B, based on Faraday's law (the law of electromagnetic induction), when the fuel MP for energy passes across the magnetic field, and thus the enthalpy, which is the MP fuel to generate the energy is converted into electricity, and is provided the passage of electric current to the load (not shown)connected between the output pins of Vis and d. As a result, thermal energy possessed by the MP fuel to generate the energy is converted directly into electricity.

In the case of a design intended for direct emission fuel (conductive fluid) FL for energy, which passes through the flowing is the channel of the MHD generator out of the system 301 power supply, it should be noted that the processing that makes them resistant to fire, or processing, providing detoxification, should be conducted prior to the emission of fuel MP for energy output, or it is necessary to provide means for collecting fuel MP for energy production, if the MP fuel for energy production contains flammable or toxic component.

Applying MHD generator having such a structure, parts for power generation, and given that the possible development of arbitrary power by the simple method of control designed to regulate the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied through the channel of the passage, it is possible to ensure proper operation of power generation in accordance with the state of excitation of the device U. in Addition, by applying such a structure, as MHD generator, manufactured by micromachining methods, you can minimize the module 10A for energy production, while receiving a very simple design that does not require bringing the parts into action.

Each example design is just an example of part 12 for energy applicable to module 10A for energy production, and it should not be considered as limiting the design of the power system in accordance with the present invention. In other words, the part 12 for production and energy applicable to the present invention, may have any other construction enables generation of electricity based on electrochemical reaction or heat, the temperature difference caused endoergic reaction, the reaction energy conversion pressure or thermal energy, electromagnetic induction, etc. in part 12 for energy, when this part is a direct or indirect supply of liquid fuel or liquid fuel or gaseous fuel filled in the fuel block 20A. For example, it is possible the successful use of a combination of means for generating an external force, which is used thermoacoustic effect, and a generator that uses electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion.

Among relevant examples of construction described above, the configuration of the part 12 to generate energy, which is applicable examples of design from the first to the fifth, is intended for use of electric power (second electric power)supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply as a power launcher mode ignition with the consumption of thermal energy through combustion reaction, etc. fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 to generate energy, as long as the ANO in Fig. 3.

<Part 13, controls a>

As shown in Fig 3, part 13 controls the work applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, it works through the use of labour power (second electric power)supplied from the above part 11 subunit power, develops and produces the control signal on the basis of various kinds of information obtained inside and outside the system 301 power supply, namely, information (in particular, the detected voltage of the part 16, the controlling voltage), regarding changes to component voltage (output voltage) supply of electricity, which varies in accordance with the state of excitation device (load N)connected to the system 301 power supply, and controls the operational status of the following part 12 for energy.

Thus, part 13 controls the work that is driven by electricity generated by part 11 of the sub power supply, when the part 12 for energy generation does not work. When the change of the voltage controlled power supplied to the device, detected information of the start command to load N Chapter 13 : managing the work, gives the following part 15, a control run, the control signal robotoids run part 14, the management issue (i.e. to control run). In addition, if part 12 for energy production is in operation, then, when the voltage controlled power supplied to the device (controller)found evidence of the presence of a difference between the energy required for excitation of the load N, and the electric power outputted to the load N from part 12 for energy generation, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 14 that controls the issuance, the signal control operation for controlling the amount of generated electric power (output power) part 12 for energy. Thus, the excitation energy of the load applied to the device (load N) may have a desired value corresponding to the state of excitation load N (feedback control).

On the other hand, if part 12 for energy production is in operation, then, when, notwithstanding the implementation of feedback control within a predetermined time continuously detects a state in which the voltage changes of the excitation power supplied to the device (load N), deviates from a predetermined voltage range associated with managing the feedback and becomes excessive, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 15, the control start signal control operation for stopping the operation part 14, a management issue management (emergency stop).

In addition, if part 12 for energy production is in operation, then, when the voltage controlled power supplied to the device, detected information stop command excitation, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 15, the control start signal control operation for stopping the excitation portion 14, a management issue management (normal stop).

As will be described below, in the case of designs, which establishes electrical connection with the device (load N) by using only the positive and negative electrodes conclusions as external elements of the system 301 power supply similar chemical current source General purpose, the state of excitation load N can be detected by applying the supply of electricity, consisting of a power controller or power excitation, the device through The positive and negative electrodes and continuous operational monitoring of the fluctuation component of the voltage of electricity using cacti, controlling the voltage. In addition, if The device has a design made with the possibility of release of information about the excitation loads on the condition of the excitation device (load N) and is obtained from the controller, then, in addition to the positive and negative electrode pins, the system 301 power supply can be provided to a conclusion designed to enter information about the excitation of the load.

<Part 14, a management issue>

As shown in Fig. 3, part 14, a management issue, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, it works through the use of electricity (power start)supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply directly or through a portion 15 that controls the startup, based on the signal control operation issued from part 13, the management work, manages the operational status (working in the startup state, the operation in steady-state operation in stop mode, the amount of generated electric power (output power)) part 12 for energy.

Specifically, part 14, a management issue, includes, for example, the tool flow control (part 14a that controls fuel) for regulating the flow rate or volume of fuel for energy production, the regulation means the Oia flow (part 14b, control air) to control the flow or volume of oxygen for energy production, the means of controlling the temperature of the heater (part 14 that controls the heater to regulate the temperature of the heater provided for part 12 for energy generation, etc. In part 12 for energy production, is shown in each example design, part 14, a management issue, manages funds flow control and a means of controlling the temperature of the heater based on a control signal operation, intended to supply fuel to generate energy (liquid fuel, liquid fuel, gaseous fuel) in a quantity necessary for production and transmit electricity excitation load and represents the predetermined electric power, and to optimize the temperature of the heater for carrying out reactions of various types in the part 12 for energy production, etc.

In Fig. 26 presents a block diagram showing the basic construction of one example of a module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment.

In this embodiment, when the part 12 to generate power is applied, the construction of a fuel cell block type fuel reformer (see Fig), you can include as part 14, a management issue, as shown in Fig. 26, the portion 14a that controls fuel, to control the amount of fuel for energy generation (of hydrogen gas supplied to the portion 210b of the fuel element), fed in part 12A for energy production on the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the management work, and part 14b, the control air to control the amount of air (oxygen gas supplied in part 210b of the fuel element), fed in part 12A for energy production.

In this case, the portion 14a, fuel management, manages the supply of fuel unit 20A fuel for energy, water, etc. for the production of gaseous hydrogen (H2) in an amount necessary for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power), conversion of the fuel and water into gaseous hydrogen (H2using the part 210A for fuel reforming, and supply the received gas to the fuel electrode 211 part 210b of the fuel element. In addition, part 14b that controls the air controls the supply from the atmosphere required amount of gaseous oxygen (O2in accordance with an electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (6) and (7)), in which the consumer who is gaseous hydrogen, and further submission received oxygen at the air electrode 212 part 210b of the fuel element. By regulating the quantities of gaseous hydrogen (H2) and gaseous oxygen (O2submitted in part 12 for energy production using such portion 14a, fuel management, and part 14b, control air, you can control the stages of carrying out electrochemical reactions occurring in the part 12 for energy production (in part 210b of the fuel element), and you can control the amount of electricity generated as electricity excitation load, or the output voltage.

In this case, the portion 14b, the control air can be set to a constant air supply, when the part 12 for energy production is in operation, do not involve controlling the amount of gaseous oxygen supplied to the air electrode 212 part 12 for energy generation as part 14b, control air, can supply air in accordance with the maximum oxygen consumption per unit time in the part 12 for energy. That is, in the design of the module 10A for energy, shown in Fig. 26, part 14, a management issue, it is possible to make a configuration that enables the management of all stages of carrying out electrochemical reactions through only part 14 is, managing fuel. In addition, instead of the part 14b, control air, it is possible to provide a hole (slit) for air, resulting in air (oxygen) in excess of the minimum used for the electrochemical reaction in the part 12 to generate power, you can always apply through this hole for air.

<Part 15 managing start - >

As shown in Fig. 3, part 15 managing start-up, applicable to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, it works by using electric power supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply, and controls the start transforming part 12 to generate power from the standby mode to the operation mode for the generation of energy by electricity (power start), at least in part 14 that controls the issuance (depending on designs, this can be referred to section 12 (for energy production), signal-based control operation issued from part 13, the management work.

Specifically, in the construction shown in Fig. 26, if the part 12A for energy generation (part 210b of the fuel cell) is not activated, then when the part 15 managing the start signal is received from the operation control that is designed to run part 12A for energy production from frequent is 13, managing work, power start, issued from part 11 subunit food, served in part 14a that controls fuel, part 14, a management issue, and electricity start, issued from part 11 subunit food, served in part 14 that controls the heater unit 14, the control issue. As a result, the portion 14a, fuel management controls the amount of fuel etc. supplied in part 210A for fuel reforming (or as part 210A for fuel reforming, and in part 210b of the fuel element), and the part 14 that controls the heater regulates the amount of power supplied to the heater portion 210A for fuel reforming (or as in the heater portion 210A for fuel reforming, and the heater part 210b of the fuel element, thereby controlling the temperature of the heater. Part 210A for fuel reforming delivers gaseous hydrogen (H2converted from the fuel, etc. on the fuel electrode side 210b of the fuel element, and the portion 14b, the control air supplies gaseous oxygen (O2) on the air electrode. After this part 210b of the fuel element is automatically started and placed in a mode of operation (steady state) for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power).

When the excitation is the AI part 12A for energy production, if part 15 managing the start signal is received from the operation control that is designed to stop part 12 for energy generation (part 210b of the fuel element), part 13, of the management work, it stops the flow of gaseous hydrogen (H2) and gaseous oxygen (O2in part 210b of the fuel cell by controlling at least part 14a, fuel management, part 14b, control air, and part 14 operating the heater. Thus, electricity generation (power generation) for part 210b of the fuel cell is stopped, resulting in part 210b of the fuel element is placed into the standby mode, in which only work part 11 subunit power and part 13 controls the work, the following part 16, the controlling voltage, and a controller To devices that receive electric power (active electric power, the electric power controller) from part 11 of the sub power.

It should be noted that, although the description is for the case in which the fuel cell block type fuel reformer is used as a part 12 for energy production, and management of operational status (working in a startup mode operation in stop mode) part 12A for generating power by controlling the supply of electricity start to frequent the 14, management issue (part 14a, the control fuel, and part 14b, the control air), and in part 12A to generate energy through part 15, the control run, for controlling the supply or turn off the fuel supply for power generation and air in the portion 12A for energy, work status part 12A for energy generation can be controlled in essentially the same way, even if for part 12 to generate the energy used other examples of structures (for example, a device for energy generation is equipped with an internal combustion engine, external combustion engine, etc). In addition, when the part 12 for energy use fuel cell with direct fuel supply configured to generate power at room temperature, the heater portion 12 to generate the energy portion 210A for fuel reforming or part 14 that controls the heater is no longer needed, and the amount of electricity generated part 12 for energy production, can be controlled by controlling only the supply and shutoff of fuel for energy production. Therefore, part 15 managing start-up, can control the flow of electricity run only in part 14a that controls fuel, part 14, a management issue.

In addition, although the electricity of the part 11 subl the AC power is fed in part 15, the control run, and the part 14, the control issue (part 14a that controls fuel, in the construction shown in Fig. 26), as the working electric power or electricity running in the structure shown in Fig. 3, if the electric power supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply may not compensate for the electricity consumed part 14, which control the output, and the like, during operation in the steady state part 12 for energy, the energy can be replenished by issuing a certain amount of electricity generated in the part 12 to generate electricity, in part 14 that controls the issuance, etc. in addition to the electricity of the part 11 of the sub power supply (see dotted arrows in Fig. 3 and 26).

At this point, the power supply system, part 14, a management issue, manages supplied in part 12 for energy production total fuel for energy production corresponding to the increased share of electricity consumed most part 14, a management issue, and the fuel to generate the energy corresponding to the electric power supplied to the device In order to eliminate the deficit of electric power supplied to the device (load N) as the energy of excitation of the load. Thus, in the construction shown in Fig. 26, the portion 14a, the management fuel management is yet supply the total quantity of electricity obtained by power generation, the fuel electrode 211 part 210b of the fuel element through a portion 210A for fuel reforming, and part 14b that controls the air controls the air supply to satisfy demand in the amount of air required to produce sufficient electricity (energy) part 210b of the fuel cell, the air electrode 212 part 210b of the fuel element.

<Part 16, the controlling voltage>

As shown in Fig. 3 and 4, part 16, which controls the voltage applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment, it detects the component of the voltage is shifted in accordance with the state of excitation (by increasing or decreasing the capacity of The device driven by the output of electricity, which is produced in part 12 for energy and outputted through the output E of the electrode (in particular, the output of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, or any other output)provided in the power supply system, namely, the supply of electric power supplied to the device, connected to the output E electrode, and generates component part 13, the control operation.

In particular, when the excitation load N in The device is not performed, the part 16, the pin is airbusa voltage, detects a change in the stress component power controller, which is secreted by the part 11 of the sub power supply and fed into the device (controller) through the output E of the electrode. On the other hand, when the excitation load N in The device is performed, the part 16, the controlling voltage, detects a change in the stress component of electricity excitation load, which is secreted by the part 12 for energy and fed into the device (load N) through the output E of the electrode. As a result, part 13 controls the work, manages startup, which will be described below, for the power system, and therefore to detect the voltage (operating voltage control), carried out part 16, the controlling voltage is each of the power controller and power excitation load produced by part 11 of the sub power supply or part 12 for energy and served in the unit U.

(C) Fuel unit 20A

Fuel unit 20A used for the power system in accordance with the present invention is, for example, gastight container for storing fuel, which flooded and fuel uplift MP for energy representing the liquid fuel, liquefied fuels is or gaseous fuel, containing hydrogen in a composite propellant. As shown in Fig. 3, the fuel block 20A has a structure connected to the module 10A for energy production via T-piece 30A with the possibility of connection and disconnection, or design, is made as a single unit with the module. The MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A, served in the module 10A for energy generation by the fuel supply provided for the following PAIR-part 30A, and in the quantity required for the production of electric power (first electric power) in accordance with the state of excitation devices, fuel MP for energy fed into the part 12 to generate power using part 14, a management issue, at any given point in time.

In the case of application, for example, in section 11 of the sub power supply design for power generation (second generation) by using some fraction of the MP fuel to generate the energy charged in the fuel unit 20A, as described above, and using the electrochemical reaction, the reaction of catalytic combustion or dynamic impact of energy conversion, etc. in part 11 of the sub power supply through a RESISTANCE-part 30A continuously fed at least the minimum amount of fuel to generate the energy required for expression is otci electricity, which can be the electric power controller devices and operating energy part 13, the control operation.

In particular, in the case of application, for example, in the system 301 power supply design in which the module 10A for energy and fuel unit 20A can be easily connected and disconnected, fuel MP for energy fed into the module 10A to generate power only when the fuel unit 20A is connected to the module 10A for energy production. In this case, when the fuel unit 20A is not connected to the module 10A for energy, fuel block 20A is supplied, for example, means to prevent leakage of fuel, having a control valve and the like, which is closed by pressure refueling supported inside the fuel unit 20A, or physical pressure springs and the like to prevent leakage of fuel MP for energy production, tucked inside unit to the outside of the fuel block 20A. When the fuel unit 20A is connected to the module 10A energy through RBSU-part 30A, the tool (the shutdown feature to prevent leakage), which provides for T-parts 30A and disables the function of preventing the leakage of fuel, as a result of this connection comes into contact with the fuel unit 20A or pump pressure therein, resulting in a closed state of the control clap is on is turned off, and the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A, served in the module 10A for energy production, for example, through RBSU-part 30A.

In the fuel unit 20A having such a construction, when a fuel cell unit 20A is separated from the module 10A for producing energy until complete consumption of the fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A, it is possible to prevent a fuel leak MP for energy production, re-activating function leakage prevention means for preventing leakage of fuel (for example, due to the transfer of this funds to prevent leakage of fuel in the state in which the contact is not to cause the control valve to close again), so the possible independent installation of the fuel block 20A.

In a preferred embodiment, the fuel unit 20A must perform the function of a container for the storage of fuel and must be made of material that exists in nature mainly in specific environmental conditions and can be converted into substances existing in nature, or substance that does not cause environmental pollution.

Thus, the fuel unit 20A may be made of a polymeric material (plastic) and the like, having characteristics that allow decomposition reaction of different types by which this materialmade to be converted into substances not harmful to the environment (substances that exist mainly in nature and is its Foundation, for example, water and carbon dioxide and the like), under the influence of microbes or enzymes in the soil, solar radiation, rain water, atmospheric air, etc. even if the entire fuel unit 20A or part thrown into an open dump or are buried in the ground; among the characteristics of decomposition may include, for example, Biodegradability, photolytic ability, the ability to decomposition by oxidation, etc.

Fuel unit 20A may consist of material, whereby no formation of harmful substances, such as chlorinated organic compound (dioxin group, for example, polychlorinated dibenzo-n-dioxin, polychlorinated dibenzofuran), gaseous hydrogen chloride or heavy metal, or environmental pollutants, or suppressed the formation of harmful substances even if the processing is carried out, providing artificial heating or incineration, or treatment of any substance or chemical treatment. It should be noted that the material (e.g., polymeric material), which consists of the fuel block 20A, at least for a short time can not be degraded due to the tact with fueled MP for energy production and, at least for a short time does not degrade the quality of the MP fuel for energy production to such an extent that it cannot be used as fuel. In addition, fuel block 20A, consisting of a polymeric material that has sufficient tensile strength to withstand the impact of external physical stress.

As described above, given that the rate of collection of chemical power sources for recycling is only approximately 20%, while the remaining 80% are discarded in open dumps or landfilled in the soil, it is desirable to use a material having the ability to decomposition, and in particular, biodegradable plastic, material quality fuel unit 20A. In particular, it is possible to successfully apply a polymeric material containing organic compound which is the product of chemical synthesis and synthesized from petroleum or vegetable raw materials (polymer of lactic acid, complex aliphatic polyester, complex sobolifera etc), complex microbial biopolymer, natural product that uses a polymeric material including starch, cellulose, chitin, chitosan, etc. extracted from plant materials such as corn, sugar cane or raw materials other plants.

About the MP fuel to generate the energy used is about in the system 301 power supply in accordance with this embodiment, it should be noted preferences, namely that: the fuel may not be a pollutant to the environment, because even if the fuel unit 20A, in which the fuel uplift MP for energy production, thrown into an open dump or are buried in the ground, there is a leak in the air, soil or water; electricity you can produce with high efficiency of energy conversion in part 12 for energy generation; and it is the substance of fuel provides the ability to maintain a stable state of the liquid or air condition when predefined conditions refills (temperature etc), as well as the possibility of filing in the module 10A for energy production. In particular, it is possible the successful use of liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, mentioned above, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, such as simple dimethyl ether, isobutane or natural gas, which are in a gaseous state at ordinary temperature and ordinary pressure, or gaseous fuels such as hydrogen gas. In addition, as will be described below, the security of the power system can be improved by providing the design, for example, by means of stabilizing fuel, designed on the I stabilize the refueling of the fuel for power generation in the fuel block.

In accordance with the fuel unit 20A having such a construction, MP and fuel to produce energy, with such a structure, even if the whole system 301 power supply or part thereof in accordance with this particular embodiment naturally thrown into an open dump or subjected to artificial burial in the ground, burned or chemically treated, it is possible to largely suppress the pollution, degradation of soil or water, affecting the environment, or the production of the hormone, harmful to the environment, thereby contributing to the prevention of violations of natural conditions, preventing destruction of the natural environment environment and preventing the negative impact on people.

In the case of execution of the fuel block 20A to enable the connection module 10A for energy production and separation with this module without any restrictions, it should be noted that when the remaining amount of fuel MP for energy production is reduced or the fuel ends, you can replenish your MP fuel for energy generation by pouring or you can replace the fuel unit 20A or re-use it (after regeneration). Therefore, it can contribute in a significant decrease in the number of emitted topl the main blocks 20A or modules 10A to generate power. In addition, since it is possible to replace and connect the new fuel block 20A to a single module 10A for energy production, and this module can be connected to the device and to use, you can create a system of power that is easy to use as the chemical current source General purpose.

In the case of electricity generation in part 11 of the sub power) and section 12 for power generation module 10A for energy production, even if in addition to the energy produced by-product, which has a negative impact on the environment, or if it may influence functions (system), for example, can cause incorrect functioning of the device, it is possible to apply the design, which in the fuel block 20A provides a means for holding a by-product that is collected by the collection tool a by-product. In this case, when the fuel unit 20A is disconnected from the module 10A for energy production, you can apply a design having, for example, an absorbent polymer capable of absorbing, or as to absorb and hold, or to link a by-product, to prevent leakage by-product, temporarily collected and held in the fuel unit 20A (in the collection and/or retention), out of fuel unit 20A, or upravlyauyshaya, which closes under the influence of physical pressure, for example, springs. Design tool for the collection and/or retention by-product, will be described, together with means for collecting by-product.

(C) PAIR-part 30

SOPR-part 30 that is applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention, is located between the module 10 to generate power and fuel unit 20. As shown in Fig. 3, COMP-part 30A, used as an example, has the function of a physical connection module 10A for energy and fuel unit 20A with each other, as well as fuel supply MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A in a predefined state in the module 10A for energy generation by the fuel supply. As described above, it should be noted that in the case of application, for example, in the system 301 power supply design, which allows the connection and disconnection of the module 10A for energy and fuel unit 20A without any restrictions, SOPR-part 30A includes a means for disabling prevent leakage (tube 411 fuel)designed for off leakage prevention means to prevent leakage (valve 24A fuel)provided in the fuel unit 20A in addition to the fuel supply, to the to shown in Fig. 83. Valve 24A fuel supply is configured so that it opens by pressing down the tube 411 fuel. In addition, in the case of designs, which also provides a means of collecting by-product which is intended to collect by-product formed in part 11 of the sub power) and section 12 for power generation module 10A for energy, NOM-part 30A attached configuration, envisioning tube 416 for water supply, i.e. the supply side of the product in the fuel block 20A.

In particular, the T-portion 30A serves in the module 10A for energy generation (part 11 of subunit power and the part 12 to generate power) fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A in a pre-defined conditions (temperature, pressure, etc) in the form of liquid fuel, liquid fuel or gaseous fuel (fuel gas)obtained by evaporation of fuel through the fuel supply pipes. Therefore, in the power supply system in which the module 10A for energy and fuel block 20A connected to each other through PAIR-part 30A, the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A, it is possible for the fuel supply always apply in the module 10A for energy production. On the other hand, in the power supply system in catalogno to connect the module 10A for energy and fuel unit 20A through RBSU-part 30A without any restrictions, function leakage prevention means to prevent leakage of fuel to the fuel unit 20A, off means for disconnecting prevent leakage when the fuel unit 20A is connected to the module 10A for energy, and you can submit the MP fuel for power generation module 10A for energy generation by the fuel supply.

Thus, in the power supply system in which the module 10A for energy and fuel block 20A connected to each other through PAIR-part 30A, the MP fuel for energy is constantly supplied to the module 10A, regardless connecting the system power supply to the device or disconnect it from him. Therefore, when electricity is produced in part 11 of subunit power fuel for power production may not be spent effectively in some cases. For example, before using the system power supply before connecting it to the device) efficient use of fuel for energy generation can be implemented by applying the construction in which the fuel supply SOPR-part 30A is maintained in the closed (safe) position, the overlapped state is disabled when using the power supply system and control the fuel supply is carried out in such a way that about what goes irreversible transition (i.e. allows the passage of fuel through the supply channel) in the resolved state of the fuel supply.

<a Brief description of all the work in General accordance with

the first variant implementation>

Next, with reference to the drawings, a brief description of the entire operation of the supply system having the above construction, in General.

In Fig. 27 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating operation of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 28 shows an image illustrating the state when operating in primary mode (standby mode) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 29 presents an image illustrating the state when operating in the run mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 30 shows an image illustrating the state when operating in the steady state of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 31 shows an image illustrating the state when in the stop mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. It should be noted that the operation will be described by referring to the design of the system power supply (Fig. 3 and 4).

As shown in Fig. 27, driven by the e system 301 power supply, with the design in accordance with this embodiment, it is mainly for implementation: work in primary mode (steps A and E) fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A, in the module 10A for energy, constant and continuous electricity generation (second generation), which can be working with electricity and power controller part 11 subunit supply and delivery of this electricity to the device (controller) through the findings of AL electrodes (in particular, the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode shown in Fig. 28 - 31); in the run mode (steps A - E) fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A, in part 12 for energy production on the basis of the excitation load N (passing from away mode excitation mode excitation), electricity generation (first generation), which can be the energy of excitation of the load, and the issuance of this energy in the device (load N) through conclusions E (E(+) E(-)) of the electrodes; in steady mode (steps A-E110) for controlling the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 for energy production, based on the state changes of excitation is agrusti N, and the generation and distribution of electric power (first electric power)with the component of the voltage corresponding to the state of excitation of the load; and operation in stop mode (steps A-E off the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 for energy production on the basis of disconnecting the load N (i.e. from the mode excitation mode of the absence of excitation) and stopping generation of electric power (first electric power).

Below is a detailed description of each operation with reference to Fig. 28-31.

(A) Work in primary mode according to

the first option exercise

First of all it should be noted that, during operation in the starting mode, the power supply system in which the module 10A for energy and fuel block 20A connected to each other via a T-piece 30, for example, by turning off state of overlap of the fuel supply COMP-parts 30 connecting to the device, as shown in Fig. 28, the fuel for power generation charged in the fuel block 20A is moved in the fuel supply due to the phenomenon of capillarity, characteristic of the fuel supply, and automatically fed into the part 11 of the sub power supply module 10A for energy production (stage A). After that, in section 11 of subunit power, at least, electricity (the other is electricity) EE, which can be working with electricity of the part 13, the management work, and the excitation energy (power controller)designed for a controller, included in the device, offline is generated and outputted, and then continuously fed in part 13, the control operation, and the controller (step A).

On the other hand, in the power supply system in which the module 10A for energy and fuel unit 20A can be connected and disconnected without any restrictions, due to the connection module 10A for energy production with fuel unit 20A via T-piece 30, as shown in Fig. 28, disable the function of preventing leakage, which has means to prevent leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20A, and therefore the fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A is moved in the fuel supply due to the phenomenon of capillarity, characteristic of the fuel supply, and automatically fed into the part 11 of the sub power supply module 10A for energy production (stage A). In part 11 of subunit power, electric power (second electric power) AA, which can be working with electricity and electric power controller, standalone is generated and outputted, and then continuously fed in part 13, the control operation part 16, con is rairoux voltage, and in the controller (step A).

In all cases, only electricity, which can be working with electricity of the part 13, the management work, and part 16, the controlling voltage, given all that time, during which the power supply system connected to the device U.

Connecting the fuel unit 20A with the module 10A for energy production via T-piece 30, make the transition to the standby mode in which only work part 13 controls the work, part 16, the controlling voltage, and the controller To the unit U. In this standby mode, the supply of the electric power (electric power controller, i.e. a certain amount of electricity EE)supplied to the device (controller) through the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode, slightly spent part 13, the control part 16, the controlling voltage, and the controller To the device U. the Part 16, which controls the voltage at any given point in time detects the voltage Vdd, which decreases somewhat due to the consumption of, and part 13 controls the work, promptly controls the change in the voltage Vdd. In addition, the controller C controls the state of the excitation load N device U.

() Operation in the run mode according to

the first option exercise

After that, when working in d is the ima run as shown in Fig. 29, when the controller manages To switch the probe to supply power to the load H, which is in a conducting state by providing excitation load N, for example, as a result of actuation (closure) of the switch probe power supply, etc. under the influence of the user device, a certain amount of supply of electricity (power controller)supplied to the controller, is delivered to the load N in standby mode, which leads to a sudden drop in the voltage Vdd of the supply of electricity.

After detecting sudden changes in the voltage Vdd through the part 16, the controlling voltage (phase A), part 13 controls the work, issues in part 15, the control start signal to control the operation intended for starting the mode of energy production (start-up) in part for energy production (stage A). By supplying a certain amount of electricity (electricity AE)generated by part 11 of the sub power supply part 14 that controls the issuance of (or in part 14, a management issue, and in part 12 for energy production), as a power run on the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation (step A), part 15 managing start-up, delivers fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20A, cast for energy production through part 14, the control issue, and generates electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of the excitation load. The excitation energy of the load is given as the supply of electricity with the electric power controller, produced by part 11 of the sub power supply through the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode and is fed to the controller and To the load N devices (step A).

Therefore, when the excitation energy produced by the part 12 to generate the energy fed into the device, the voltage Vdd of the supply of electric power is gradually increased from the voltage drop and reaches a voltage that is appropriate to start the load N. That is, if we talk about the initiation load N, then automatically fed the MP fuel for energy generation, and part 12 for energy production starts the operation of energy production. In addition, electricity excitation load having a predetermined voltage, the Autonomous fed into the device (load N). Therefore, it is possible to provide the necessary excitation load H with simultaneous implementation characteristics of electricity, essentially, equivalent to the characteristic energy of the chemical current source General purpose.

(C) the Work is installed in the I mode according to

the first option exercise

After that, when operating in steady state, as shown in Fig. 30 Chapter 13 : managing the work, promptly controls the change in the voltage Vdd (essentially, the change in the voltage of electricity excitation load) supply of electric power supplied to The device through the part 16, which controls the voltage at any given point in time (step E). If part 13 controls the work, finds a change in the voltage Vdd, the voltage of the supply power deviates from the voltage range (for example, from the range of fluctuation of the output voltage in the chemical current source General purpose), based on a previously defined value, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 14 that controls the issuance, the signal control designed to control the amount of power (energy)generated in the part 12 to generate energy, so that the power increases or decreases, causing the voltage Vdd can be set within the range voltage (phase A).

Part 14, a management issue, regulates the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 for energy generation, signal-based management work, coming from the part 13, the administration is allowing work (phase A), and performs feedback control so that the voltage Vdd of the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load)supplied to the device, is within a predetermined voltage range (step E110). As a result, even if the state of excitation load N (load status) on the side of the device Have changed, it is possible to control so that the voltage of the supply power can get to a suitable voltage range corresponding to the state of excitation of the load N, and therefore it is possible to supply electric power in accordance with power consumption devices (load N).

(D) Operation in stop mode according to

the first option exercise

After that, when operating in steady state, when The device switches from the on state to the off state in the process of feedback control on the supply of electricity, or when for any reason, is the abnormal operation of the device or system 301 power supply part 13 controls the work, within a predetermined time continuously detects the state in which the voltage Vdd of the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load)supplied to the device, deviates from the prior is about a certain voltage range, using part 16, the controlling voltage. When it is determined that with the change of time, the conditions for this voltage range is observed (step A), part 13 controls the work, carries out the processing for the detected condition, generating an error voltage of electricity, and provides in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy production (stage A). On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation part 14, a management issue, disable the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 for energy and stops the heating of the heater to conduct endoergic reaction for the formation of hydrogen (step A). As a result, the mode of generation of part 12 for power generation is stopped, and stops the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load), which is not a power controller in the device (step E).

That is, for example, if the load N cut off by such management load switch, MON through which electricity is delivered to the load N, the translation is in a disabled state by the controller To, when the device user manipulates The switch is PET supply etc. (unlocks it), or if the load is terminated (end)when the system 301 power extracted from the device, the voltage of the supply power may significantly deviate from a predetermined voltage range even after the implementation of the feedback control to set the voltage of the electric power within the voltage range during operation in steady state. Therefore, when the part 13 controls the work, within a predetermined time, detects such a condition, this part 13 controls the work, determines that the load of The device is disabled or it has stopped, and stops the operation of power generation in part 12 for energy. As a result, due to disconnection, etc. of the load N, the device In the fuel supply MP for energy generation is disabled, and automatically shuts off the part 12 to generate energy, this part 12 for energy generates electricity only when it is normal excitation device and can for a long time to maintain the electromotive force and simultaneously efficient use of fuel for energy production.

As described above in relation to the supply system, it is suitable is this particular variant implementation, because it is possible to control supply and stop of power supply, which can be predefined excitation energy load, and a control for controlling the amount of electricity generated in accordance with the state of excitation of the load device or the like)connected to a power supply system, without the implementation of the fuel supply or other external power supply, it is possible the efficient use of fuel for energy production. Consequently, the possible implementation of a system power supply, which causes less damage to the environment and has a very high energy efficiency, with the simultaneous implementation of electrical characteristics that are essentially equivalent to the electrical characteristics of the chemical current source General purpose.

In addition, the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment, it has a reduced size and weight as a result of integration and execution module to generate energy in a small space through the use of technology for the production of micro-machines, and is designed so that it has a shape and dimensions essentially coincident with the shape and size of the chemical current source General purpose, such as batteries, size AA, perception is etrauma such standards, as the Japanese industrial standards (APS). In the result, it is possible to achieve a high compatibility with the chemical current source General purpose as the external form, and the electrical characteristic of the electric current-voltage characteristic), and also facilitate the popularization of the proposed technical solutions for the markets of existing power sources. Therefore, instead of the existing chemical current source that generates a lot of problems, for example relating to the environment or energy efficiency, you can easily use the power supply system in which a device is used for energy production, which makes it possible to greatly suppress the emission of harmful substances from the fuel cell or the like and which allows to achieve high efficiency of energy use, resulting in possible the efficient use of energy with the simultaneous suppression of the (harmful) effect on the environment.

[Second variant implementation]

Next, with reference to the drawings will be described a second variant implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 32 shows a block diagram showing the WTO is nd an implementation option module for energy production, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention, and Fig. 33 shows the image, conventionally diagram showing the electrical connections between the system power module for energy)corresponding to this particular version of the implementation, and any device. In the following text the same positions marked structures similar to the structures in the first embodiment, to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 32, the module 10B to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, mainly includes: part 11 sub power supply (second power tool)with functions similar to the functions in the first embodiment (see Fig. 3); part 12 for energy production (the first tool of power); Chapter 13 : managing the work; part 14, a management issue; part 15, the control run; part 16, the controlling voltage; and part of ALH containing electrical leads, designed to provide predefined information concerning the controller, included in the devices with which it is interconnected power system. In this embodiment, the power supply system attached configuration, providing state management vyrabotki the energy in the module 10B to generate energy (in particular, in part 12 for energy production) on the basis of at least information about the initiation load (request (electricity), which is available from the controller, included in the device, through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, and corresponds to excitation load N.

In this embodiment, the controller To devices connected to the system power supply provides power information on the excitation load (request (electricity) in accordance with the state of excitation load N and performs the function of a means for controlling the excitation of the load terminals to control the state of excitation of the load in accordance with information about energy production (information regarding stress components, information about the end of work in the run mode and termination), describing the state of energy supply systems, based on the query about electricity.

In the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, as shown in Fig. 33, supply electricity, consisting of a power controller and power excitation load, issued by each of the part 11 of the sub power) and section 12 for energy, similarly served joint is in the controller and the load N devices through a single output E of the electrode, and voltage component of this supply of electricity (essentially energy excitation load) is detected part 16, which controls the voltage at each given moment and is controlled by the part 13, the control operation.

<a Brief description of all the work in General accordance with

the second variant implementation>

Next, with reference to the drawings, a brief description of the entire operation of the power system in General.

In Fig. 34 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating operation of the power system in accordance with the second embodiment. In Fig. 35 presents an image illustrating the state when operating in primary mode (standby mode) of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 36 shows an image illustrating the state when operating in the run mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 38 and 39 presents images illustrating the state when operating in the steady state of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. In Fig. 40-42 presents images illustrating the state when in the stop mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. It should be noted that the work will be described in the settlement of what edstam references to the design of the system power supply (Fig. 32 and 33).

In this embodiment, after the controller To that is included with the device, through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, and not through the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode obtained information about the excitation of the load related to the excitation control load part 13 controls the work provided for module 10B to generate energy, is conducting a series of stages control the operation described below. In addition to all the work generally described below for this variant implementation, simultaneously and in parallel can be carried out all the work in whole or part for the first variant implementation.

That is, as shown in Fig. 34, similarly to the first variant implementation, the management system 301 power supply, having a construction in accordance with this embodiment, it is mainly to complete: work in primary mode (steps A and E) for constant and continuous production and delivery of electricity, which can be working with electricity intended for part 13, the management work, and electricity excitation designed for a controller (power controller), part 11 of the sub power supply; operation in the run mode (steps A-E) to generate and transmit electricity, which mo is et to be the electricity excitation load, by submitting a power run part 12 for energy production and the part 14, a management issue, based on the excitation load N; steady state (steps A-E) to generate and transmit electricity (electricity excitation load) in accordance with the state of excitation of the load by adjusting the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 to generate power based on the state changes of the excitation load N; and operation in stop mode (steps A-E) to stop producing electricity, which can be the energy of excitation of the load, by turning off the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 to generate power based on the load shed N.

(A) Work in primary mode according to

the second option exercise

First of all it should be noted that, during operation in the starting mode, as shown in Fig. 35, similarly to the first variant implementation, the fuel for power generation charged in the fuel unit 20B, is automatically provided in part 11 of the sub power supply module 10V for energy generation by the fuel supply provided for COMP-parts 30V (phase A), and electric power (second electric power), which can be working with electricity and electric power controller, Autonomous in the rabatyvaetsya and issued 11 part of subunit power. In addition, the working electric power is continuously supplied in Chapter 13 : managing the work, and the power supply system connected to the unit U. as a result, the electric power controller is supplied as the supply of electricity (voltage Vs) in the controller, built into the device, via the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode is provided for power (phase I). This results in a translation in the standby mode, in which only work part 13 controls the work of module 10B for energy production and the controller device To the U. In the standby mode, part 13 controls the work, constantly carries out operational control information about the initiation load (see below various types of queries on electricity provided from the controller To the devices through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, in accordance with the state of excitation of the load.

() Operation in the run mode according to

the second option exercise

When operating in the run mode, as shown in Fig. 36, for example, when the user of The device trigger (circuit) switch probe power supply, etc. provided for the device, first, as information about the excitation of the load from the controller To a part of Elh, with whom containing a series of electrical leads, in part 13, the control operation module 10V for energy issued a request signal on the power by which enquires about the supply of electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of the excitation load. After receiving information about the excitation of the load from the controller (step A), part 13 controls the work, issues in part 15, the control start signal to control the operation intended for starting the mode of energy production (start-up) part 12 for energy production (stage A). On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation part 15 managing the launch, delivers fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20V, part 12 to generate energy through the portion 14, a control issue, and generates electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of excitation of the load, by applying a certain amount of electricity (electricity AE)generated by part 11 of subunit power, as electricity run part 14 that controls the issuance of (or in part 14, a management issue, and in part 12 to generate power) (step A). The excitation energy of the load is served in The device as the supply of electricity with the electric power controller produced by cha is Tue 11 subunit power, through the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode (step A). At this point, the supply of the electric power supplied to the device is changed so that there is a gradual increase in voltage from the Vs values in the standby mode.

It should be noted that when operating in the run mode, as shown in Fig. 36, when the signal control designed to run part 12 to generate energy on stage A, part 13, controls a, detects a change in the voltage of electricity (essentially energy excitation load), which is produced and outputted part 12 for energy and fed into the device through The part 16, which controls the voltage at any given point in time by switch control operational control, dormancy, with its transfer to the conducting state for the connection part 16, which controls the voltage between the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode. Then, as shown in Fig. 37, part 13 controls the work, provides through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, controller, included in the device, the data voltage supply power detected part 16, which controls the voltage at any given shall oment time or signal the end of the operation in the run mode, characterize, as information on the mode of energy production, the fact that on the basis of the request for the supply of electricity reached a predetermined voltage Va. After the voltage of electricity supplied through the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-)of the negative electrode has reached the value of VA, suitable for implementation excitation load N, the controller C controls the switch MO so that translates into the conducting (closed) state and ensures the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load) of the power supply system for the implementation of the excitation load N on the basis of the offer of the part 13, the management information on the mode of energy production.

(C) Work in steady state according to

the second option exercise

When operating in steady state, as shown in Fig. 38, similar to the phases A-E110 described in connection with the first embodiment, part 13 controls the work, promptly controls the change in the voltage VA of the power supply power (essentially, the change in the voltage of electricity excitation load)supplied to the device, through the part 16, which controls the voltage, l is the battle given point in time, and performs feedback control so that the voltage of the supply power may be within the range of the voltage based on the pre-specified value.

When such work is in steady state, when the load control N is performed in such a manner that it passes into a new state of excitement, this condition is detected by the controller To the device, as shown in Fig. 39, Chapter 13 : managing the work through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, as information about the excitation load is issued request signal about the change of power through which enquires about the supply of new electric power (for example, the supply of electric power having the voltage Vb in accordance with the state of excitation load N. After receiving information about the excitation load, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 14 that controls the issuance, control signal operation intended to set the electricity generated by a part 12 for energy production, in relation to part 15 managing the start, so that the electric power of the excitation load is corresponding to the new state of excitation load N (step A).

On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation part 14 controls the issuance, regulates the amount of fuel MP to generate electricity supplied to the part 12 to generate the energy or the time of heating and the temperature of the heating heater (phase A), and performs control so that the supply of the electric power supplied to the device (electricity excitation load)may have a voltage corresponding to the new state of excitation load N (step A). That is, the part 13 controls the work, changes the set value for setting the voltage range is related to the feedback control, making this a value equal to the voltage Vb on the basis of the request signal about the change of the electric power receiving this request signal about the change in the electric power, and controls the amount of energy in the part 12 to generate power in such a way that allows generation of the excitation load having a voltage corresponding to a modified voltage range. As a result, a suitable electric power is supplied in accordance with the state of excitation load N (load status) on the side of The device, it is possible to supply electric power corresponding to the power consumption device (load N), and the possibility of a successful excitation load N. In addition, since it is possible to suppress b is lsoe change in the voltage of the supply power, due to the change in the state of excitation of the load N, it is possible to prevent incorrect operation, etc. in the unit U.

(D) Operation in stop mode according to

the second option exercise

When operating in steady state, as shown in Fig. 40, similar to the phases A-E described in connection with the first embodiment, the state change of The device with his transition from the enabled state to the disabled state (for example, by controlling the switch MON, intended to supply power to the excitation of the load on the load N, so that this flow is interrupted in the process of feedback control on the supply of electricity, or due to the fact that for some reason is the abnormal operation of the device or system 301 power supply, when within a predetermined time continuously detects a state in which the voltage VA of the power supply power deviates from a predetermined voltage range, part 13 controls the work, carries out processing of the detected state as failure voltage and generates a control signal operation part 14, a control issue. Thus, part 13 controls the work of, for example, disables the fuel supply MP to generate ene the GII and manages to stop the operation of power generation in part 12 for energy production (mode automatic disconnection of the power supply (or just auto-off)).

Further, when operating in steady state, as shown in Fig. 41, if the load N cut off by switch control MO, through which the electric power supplied to the load N, the translation is in a disabled state by the controller To, when the device user manipulates The switch probe power supply, etc. (unlocks it), or if the load is terminated (end)when the system 301 power extracted from the device, the excitation load N stops, and this condition detects the controller To the device, while in Chapter 13 : managing the work through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, is given as information about the excitation of the load request signal for stopping the power supply, through which requests a stop of supply of supply of electricity (electricity excitation load) of the power supply system. After receiving information about the excitation of the load from the controller (step A), part 13 controls the work, issues in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy production (stage A). On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation part 14, a management issue, tclocal fuel MP for energy in the part 12 for energy and stops the heating of the heater to conduct endoergic reaction for the formation of hydrogen (step A). As a result, part 14, a management issue, stops the operation of power generation in part 12 for energy and stops the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load), which is not a power controller in the device (step E).

Then, when in the stop mode shown in Fig. 40 or 41, when the part 13 controls the work, finds disabling part 12 for energy production, accompanying it, for example, by issuing a control signal operation intended to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy generation, or by detecting changes in the voltage of electricity (essentially energy excitation load), which is reduced by disabling part 12 to generate energy through part 16, which controls the voltage at any given point in time, as shown in Fig. 42 Chapter 13 : managing the work of the electrically disconnects part 16, which controls the voltage from the position of connection between the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode, as well as information about the mode of energy production provides through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, the controller device To The signal notification power cut (signal allows the mline about automatic shutdown), pointing to the stop mode energy in the part 12 to generate power, or a signal to stop work. As a result, due to the stop of the excitation load N in the device, turns off the fuel supply for power generation and off automatically part 12 for energy. Then stops the supply of electric power to the excitation device, and system 301 together with The device again enter the standby mode.

As described above in relation to the supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, and similarly to the first variant of implementation, it is possible to control supply and stop of power supply, which can be predefined excitation energy load, and may exercise control by adjusting the amount of electricity generated in accordance with the state of excitation of the device (load)connected (connected) power supply system, and, in particular, the part 12 for energy production can work in the mode of energy production only during the working mode, in which it is normal excitation device U. Therefore, the efficient use of fuel and to maintain the electromotive force in a long time. Therefore, the possible development of the otka such power, which gives the opportunity to implement the electrical characteristics essentially equivalent to the electrical characteristics of the chemical current source General purpose, less harmful to the environment and has high energy efficiency.

Although the description of this particular variant of the implementation are given only carried out in two directions of transmission in which information about the excitation load is provided from the device in the power supply system, and the information about the mode energy is available from the system power supply in the device, the present invention is not limited to this implementation. Electricity excitation load corresponding to the state of excitation of the load, it is possible to develop and submit to the system power supply module (for energy production), carried out by, at least in one direction of providing information, in which information about the excitation load is provided from the device in the power supply system.

[Third option exercise]

Next, with reference to the drawings will be described a third variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 43 shows the block is Hema, showing a third variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. Similarly, the second variant implementation, although in the following text will describe in relation to design, in which the transmission of predetermined information between the system power supply and the device with which the system power supply is connected through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, it should be noted that it is possible to provide a construction in which the power supply system connected to The device through the terminals of the electrodes (the output of the positive electrode and negative electrode), and no transmission of specific information between the system power supply and the device is not, like the first variant implementation. In addition, the same positions are marked elements equivalent to elements in the first and second versions of the implementation, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

Description of modules 10A and 10B to generate the energy corresponding to the first and second variants of the implementation described in relation to the design, providing for the immediate release of MP fuel to generate the energy used in part 11 of subunit power is aruru from the system 301 power supply in the form of manufactured gas or fuel collection MP for energy production by using the collection side of the product. However, if the module 10C to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, contains the specified component of the fuel, such as hydrogen or hydrogen, regardless of the causes or does not cause operation of power generation in part 11 of subunit power change of this component as an integral part of the MP fuel for energy generation, this MP fuel to generate the energy used in part 11 of subunit power is re-used directly as a fuel for energy generation in part 12 for energy production, or reused by extracting predetermined fuel component.

In particular, as shown in Fig. 43 module 10C corresponding to this variant implementation, includes: part 11 subunit supply having a construction and function similar to its construction and functions in the second embodiment (see Fig. 32); part 12 for energy; Chapter 13 : managing the work; part 14, a management issue; part 15, the control run; part 16, the controlling voltage; and part of ALH containing electrical leads. In particular, the module 10C for energy attached to this configuration, in which all the fuel or fuel for energy production (which in the following text for convenience will be called “produced the m fuel gas”), which is used to generate electricity in part 11 of the sub power supply can be submitted in the part 12 to generate power using part 14, a management issue, not letting fuel out of the module 10C for energy production.

Part 11 of the sub power supply used for this variant implementation is designed, configured to generate and issue a pre-defined electric power (second electric power) without consumption and conversion component of the fuel present in the fuel MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20 through RBSU-part 30 (see, for example, a device for producing energy, shown in the second, third, fifth or seventh example of the structure in the first embodiment), or design that contributes to the education of the produced fuel gas containing a component of fuel that can be used to work in production mode energy in the part 12 to generate energy even if this component is fuel present in the fuel MP for energy consumed and expended (see, for example, a device for producing energy, shown in the fourth or sixth example of the structure in the first embodiment).

In the case of use of the device for energy generation, as shown in the examples design the AI from first to sixth in the first embodiment, as part 12 for energy production, it should be noted that, as the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20V, fuel used substance, with Flammability or combustibility, for example, liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, liquefied fuel, representing a hydrocarbon, such as the simple dimethyl ether, isobutylene, natural gas, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas.

That is, liquid fuel or liquefied fuel is liquid during refueling of the fuel block 20 in a pre-defined conditions refills (temperature, pressure, etc.). When switching to normal environmental conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure occurring at the time of filing in part 11 of subunit power, the fuel evaporates, becoming a fuel gas having a high pressure. In addition, when the gaseous fuel to be filling in the fuel tank 20, is compressed under the influence of a predetermined pressure, and then served in part 11 of subunit power, it becomes a fuel gas having a high pressure corresponding to the filling pressure. Therefore, after the generation of electric power (second electric power) such that the lib MP for energy generation through the use of, for example, the energy of the fuel gas pressure in the part 11 of subunit power, possible electricity generation (first generation) through an electrochemical reaction, combustion reaction, etc. using the produced fuel gas supplied from the part 11 of subunit power in section 12 for energy.

[Fourth option exercise]

Next, with reference to the drawings will be described a fourth variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 44 presents a block diagram showing a fourth variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. Although the following text will be described with reference to the structure in which the transfer takes place pre-defined information between the system power supply and the device with which the system power supply is connected, similarly to the second and third options implemented, it is possible to envisage the construction (design described in connection with the first embodiment), in which no transmission of specific information between the system power supply and the device does not occur. In addition, the same positions of the elements are, equivalent elements in the variants of implementation from the first to the third, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As for the modules 10A and 10B for energy production, the relevant options for the implementation of the first, third, their description is for a design that is used as part of the 11 subunits of power, in which a predetermined electric power (second electric power) is constantly offline is generated using fuel MP for energy supplied from the fuel blocks 20A and 20B. However, a module to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, has a construction in which the part 11 of subunit power is constantly offline produces a predefined electricity without using fuel MP for energy charged in the fuel block.

In particular, as shown in Fig. 44, the module 10D corresponding to this variant implementation, includes: part 12 to generate power having a construction and function similar to its construction and functions in the second embodiment (see Fig. 32); Chapter 13 : managing the work; part 14, a management issue; part 15, the control run; part 16, the controlling voltage; and part of ALH containing electrical leads, and also has a part 11 of subunit power, PR is naznacheniju for permanent Autonomous generate predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using MP fuel for energy production, tucked in the fuel block.

As a concrete design part 11 subunit power can be applied, for example, a design that uses a thermoelectric conversion based on the difference between ambient temperature system 301 power supply (power generation due to temperature difference), as well as the design, which uses photoelectric conversion based on the light energy received from outside the system 301 power supply (generation of energy via the photoelectric effect).

Next, with reference to the drawings, will be described an example of the part 11 of the sub power.

(The first example of the construction of part of the sub power supply

fuel-free type)

In Fig. 45A and B presents cosmetic design, showing the first example of the construction of part of subunit power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the first example of construction, the portion 11S subunit power is the unit for energy, which produces energy by means of energy production due to thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference between the environment inside and outside the system 301 power supply.

As shown in Fig. 45A, part 11S subunit power, according to testuya this example design, has, for example, the design of the generator, which is based on the temperature difference, which includes: part 311 that supports the first temperature and is designed for one end side of the system 301 power supply; part 312, supports the second temperature and destined for the other terminal side of the system 301 power supply; element 313 for thermoelectric conversion, one end side of which is connected with the side 311 part supporting the first temperature, the other end is connected with the side 312 part supporting the second temperature. In this case, portions 311 and 312, supports the first and the second temperature is performed so that the amount of heat generated by them change at any given time in accordance with the condition of the ambient temperature inside and outside the system 301 power and position in which they are installed, are set so that the temperature in parts 311 and 312, supports the first and second temperatures are different from each other.

In particular, for example, you can use designs in which any of the parts 311 and 312, supports the first and the second temperature is constantly exposed to outside air or atmosphere through the part that has the hole, and the like (not shown), the pre is assigned to the device, connected to the system 301 power supply, so that it can maintain a fixed temperature. In addition, the element 313 for thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to the structure shown in the fourth example of the structure (see Fig. 8B) in the first embodiment. Regarding the design part 11S power, representing depicted generator, which is based on the temperature difference, it should be noted that this part 11S subunit power can also be embedded and executed in a small space by applying the technology of production of micromachines in this embodiment, similar to the construction mentioned in the above embodiments, implementation.

In part 11S subunit of power with this design, which is shown in Fig. V when between parts 311 and 312, supports the first and second temperatures, creates a temperature gradient offset temperature distribution in the environment of the system 301 power supply element 313 for thermoelectric conversion, due to the Seebeck effect, creates a predetermined electromotive force corresponding to thermal energy obtained as a result of the temperature gradient, and therefore produced electricity.

Sledovatel is, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power, you can use such portion 11S power permanently offline to generate a predefined electricity as long as there is a shift of the temperature distribution in the environment of the system 301 power, and this power can be fed into each design inside and outside the system 301 power supply. In addition, in accordance with this construction, since all the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20A, can be used to generate electric power (first electric power) part 12 for energy production, it is possible the efficient use of fuel for energy production, and is possible to supply the received power as a power of the excitation load in device for a long period of time.

Although in this example, the structure described with reference to the electric generator, which is based on temperature difference and which generates electricity due to the appearance of bias of the temperature distribution in the environment caused by the Seebeck effect, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and you can use the design, under the which the electricity is produced based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission emission in which free electrons are emitted from a metal surface due to the heating of the metal.

(Second example of the construction part of subunit power

fuel-free type)

In Fig. 46A and B presents cosmetic design, showing the second example of the construction parts 11T subunit of the power applied to the module for generating power in accordance with this embodiment.

In the second example of construction, the portion of subunit power is the unit for energy, which produces electricity by energy generation through photovoltaic conversion using the energy of light entering from outside the system 301 power supply.

As shown in Fig. 46A, part 11T subunit power corresponding to the second example of construction, represents, for example, a well-known element for photoelectric conversion (also called photovoltaic cell or solar cell)having a semiconductor 321 p-type and the semiconductor 322 n-type, connected to each other.

When such an element for photoelectric conversion is irradiated with the light of the HOLY (light)having a predetermined wavelength, near part 323 p-n junction due to the photoelectric effect are formed a pair of electron - positive hole”and ELEH the thrones (-), polarized electric field in the element for photoelectric conversion, the drift semiconductor 322 n-type, while positive holes (+) are drifting in the semiconductor 321 p-type, and between the electrodes (between the output pins were Taken out and f), respectively formed by a semiconductor of p-type and n-type semiconductor, electromotive force is generated.

In this case, it should be noted that, since the space for accommodating the power source (or power supply unit) in the existing device is provided in such a position on the rear side surface, etc. of the device, where the energy of light (particularly sunlight or artificial light) is hard to get, or this space is that it completely takes the current source when it is installed in the device, there is a probability that the portion of subunit power will not get enough light. Therefore, if the system 301 power supply which applies a portion 11T of subunit power corresponding to this example design, connected to the device, as shown in Fig. V, you need to use this design, in which the minimum energy of light (HOLY light having a minimal wavelength)required to produce a pre-defined power in part 11T subunit power can get through that the design of the device Has previously provided the part or parts of the CTE, which has openings, or due to the fact that the design provides a transparent or translucent element in the device, so that at least part 11 of the sub power supply or module 10C for energy production can be opened for exposure to light.

Therefore, applying the device for energy generation, with this design, for the portion of subunit power, you can use such portion 11T power permanently offline to generate the predetermined electric power and to serve her in every system design 301 power supply as long as the product is used in the environment where it is possible to draw a predetermined light energy, for example, in the environment outside or indoors. In addition, since all the MP fuel for energy generation, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20, can be used to generate electric power (first electric power) part 12 for energy production, it is possible the efficient use of fuel for energy production.

Although for this example design is shown in Fig. V, description is given with reference to the basic design element for photoelectric conversion (n is also called photovoltaic cell or solar cell), the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and it is possible to apply a design based on a different configuration or a different principle, and providing increased energy efficiency.

<a Means of collecting by-product>

Next, with reference to the drawings, will be described the means for collecting by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with each embodiment.

In Fig. 47 presents a block diagram illustrating a first variant implementation of the means for collecting by-product, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In this case, similarly, variants of the implementation of the second, third, fourth, although the following text will be described with reference to the structure in which the transfer takes place pre-defined information between the system power supply and the device with which the system power supply is connected, you can use the design (design, explained in connection with the first specific embodiment), in which no transmission of specific information between the system power supply and the device does not occur. In addition, the same positions are marked elements equivalent to the elements in each embodiment, that is allows you to simplify or omit their explanation.

In each of the embodiments, when the part 12 for energy production or part 11 of subunit power is applied the design to generate a pre-defined energy (part for energy production or part of subunit power is shown in each example design) due to the electrochemical reaction or combustion reaction using the MP fuel filled in the fuel unit 20E, sometimes, in addition to energy generation, it is possible to manufacture a byproduct. As a side product may contain a substance that may cause environmental destruction, when it comes to the environment, or substance, which in some cases can be a factor causing incorrect operation of the device is connected to the power supply system, it is preferable to use design, including such collection tool a by-product, as described below, because the production of such by-product is necessary to suppress as much as possible.

In the module 10E for energy production, in the presence of the fuel unit 20E T-part 30E having a construction and function similar structure and functions in each of the embodiments, as shown in Fig. 47, the collector side of the product, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with us is oasim invention, has the configuration in which, for example, in the module 10E for energy production is provided by separating the part 17 to collect all or part of the by-product produced during the electricity generation part 12 for energy and fuel unit 20E is provided being a byproduct of part 403. Below is a description of only one case in which there is a collection of by-product formed in the part 12 for energy, so this design can similarly be applied to part 11 of subunit power.

Separating the part 17 has a construction shown in each of embodiments. In part 12 for energy production (the following can be attributed to part 11 subunit food)intended to generate electricity, which can be the energy of the excitation load (characterized by a voltage and an electric current) applied to the device, connected to the system 301 power supply separating portion 17 for collecting the separated by-product produced during electricity generation, or a specific component present in this side product, and supplies it to being a byproduct of part 403 provided in the fuel unit 20E, through the channel of the collecting side of the product in COMP-parts 30E.

In the Asti 12 for energy production (the following can be attributed to part 11 of the sub power), to which we apply each of the embodiments, a byproduct produced during electricity generation is water (H2About) and other products, and separating part 17 collects all of them or part of them or only the specified component and submits to the channel collection byproduct. If the collected by-product is in a liquid state, you can use the phenomenon of capillarity to automatically feed a by-product of the separating portion 17 being a byproduct of part 403 through the formation of such a channel collection by-product, which may continuously change in internal diameter.

In addition, being a byproduct of part 403 is made in the form of an internal element or part of the fuel unit 20E and has a configuration that enables the submission and retention of by-product collected separating part 17 only when the fuel unit 20E is connected to the module 10E for energy production. That is, in the power supply system configuration which enables connection of the fuel unit 20E module 10E for energy production and disconnecting this unit from this module without any restrictions, in case of disconnection of the fuel unit 20E module 10E for energy that is collected and held by-product is whether a given component can be fixed or permanent way to keep in being a byproduct of part 403, consequently, this by-product or a specified component cannot follow, or get out of the fuel unit 20E.

It should be noted that in cases where the production of energy in the part 12 to produce energy as a by-product is water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx) or sulfur dioxide (SOx), as water (H2O) is in a liquid state at ordinary temperature and at ordinary pressure, a by-product can be submitted to being a byproduct of part 403 through the channel of collecting by-product. However, in the case of such a by-product, as nitric oxide (NOx) or sulfur dioxide (SOx), the formation of which in small quantities may have occurred, the evaporation temperature below the normal temperature under normal pressure, and which are in a gaseous state, it should be noted that since there is a possibility that its cubic volume will increase and will exceed the capacity of being a byproduct of part 403, it is possible to liquefy this byproduct and to reduce the cubic volume by increasing the air pressure in the separating portion 17 and being a byproduct of part 403, thereby holding the by-product being a byproduct of part 403.

Therefore, as a specific design for the monitor byproduct part 403, you can apply a design made with the possibility, for example, irreversible absorb simultaneous absorption and binding, or binding of the collected by-product or a given component, for example, a construction in which being a byproduct of part 403 is filled with absorbing polymer, or design, including means to prevent leakage of the collected material, such as a control valve that is closed under the action of the internal pressure of the filled byproduct part 403 or physical pressure springs and other similar means to prevent leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20.

In addition, the power supply system equipped with a means of collecting a by-product of having such a construction, when applied as part of a 12 to generate the energy of such a fuel cell, providing the fuel reformer shown in Fig. 19, carbon dioxide (CO2)generated along with gaseous hydrogen (H2in accordance with the steam reforming reaction, the reaction conversion of water gas and the selected oxidation reaction (see chemical equations (1)- (3)) part 210A for fuel reforming, and water (H2O)generated during power generation (first generation) in the accordance with the electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (6) and (7)) in part 210b of the fuel cell, are produced as by-products of the part 12 to generate energy. However, since the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2very little and almost no affect on the device, carbon dioxide is released out of the system power supply as not collect substances, and on the other hand, water (H2O), etc. is collected in the separating portion 17. She then served in being a byproduct of part 403 in the fuel unit 20E through the channel of collecting by-product of using the phenomenon of capillarity, and permanently retained, for example, in the part 21 to hold the collected by-product.

In this case, since the electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (2) and (3)) occurs at a temperature of approximately 60-80° S, water (H2O)formed in the part 12 to generate the energy produced essentially in the vapor (gaseous) state. Thus, the separating part 17 Sziget only water (H2O) component, for example, by cooling the vapors produced from the part 12 to generate power, or by application of pressure, and separates it from the other gaseous components, collecting thus this component.

In this embodiment, the description applies the positive to the occasion, when the design part 12 to generate the energy used fuel element, providing the fuel reformer, and as fuel for energy production methanol (CH3IT). Therefore, the separation and collection of the specified component (namely, water) in the separating portion 17 can be implemented relatively simply when most of the side product formed during energy production, represents water (H2About), and out of the supply system also produced a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2). However, when as fuel for energy production is used a substance other than methyl alcohol, or when the part 12 to generate the energy used design that is different from the fuel cell, in some cases, the formation of relatively large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SOx) etc. along with water (H2O).

In this case, after the separation, for example, water in the form of fluid from any other gaseous components (carbon dioxide, and the like)formed in large quantities in the separating portion 17 by way of separating these components can be held together or separately in one or many of filled FOB is cnym product parts 403, provided in the fuel unit 20E.

As described above, according to the power supply system that uses a collection tool a by-product in accordance with this embodiment, since the release or leakage by-product out of the supply system can be suppressed by irreversible retention in being a byproduct of part 403 provided in the fuel unit 20E, at least one component a by-product generated during the electricity generation module 10E for energy production, it is possible to prevent incorrect operation or deterioration of the device under the influence of by-product (e.g., water). In addition, by collecting in the fuel unit 20E held therein by-product, this by-product can be processed in a proper way, which does not have a negative impact on the environment, thereby preventing environmental pollution or global warming due to the impact of by-product (e.g., carbon dioxide).

A by-product collected by collection method after separation, irreversibly retained in part to hold the assembled product by means described below work in the hold.

In Fig. 48A-48S presents images, illustriou the existing work on hold by-product means for collecting by-product in accordance with this embodiment. In this case, the same positions are marked elements equivalent to elements in each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 48A, fuel block 20 in accordance with this embodiment has a fixed capacity and includes: dress with fuel part 401, which is charged or filled MP fuel for energy production, such as methyl alcohol; being a byproduct of part 403 to keep it a by-product such as water supplied from the separating portion 17; an elastic cylinder 23 for collection, which relatively changes the capacity of being a byproduct of part 403 and completely separates being a byproduct of part 403 from being fuel part 401, as will be described below, the valve 24A fuel intended for submission to the part 14, the control issue, the MP fuel for energy generation, dressed in refillable fuel part 401; and a valve 24V intake side product (inlet) inlet side of the product supplied from the separating portion 17 being a byproduct of part 403.

As described above, and the valve 24A of the fuel, and the valve 24V intake side product design having, for example, the function of the check valve to ensure delivery of top the willow MP for energy production or intake side of the product only when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10E for energy production via the T-part 30E. Instead of the valve 24V inlet side of the product, having the function of a check valve, as described above, you can use designs in which being a byproduct of part 403 filled with absorbent (water-absorbing) polymer, etc.

In the fuel block 20 having such a structure, when the fuel to generate the energy charged into the filled fuel part 401, served in the module 10E for energy generation (part 12 for power generation part 11 of the sub power supply) through the valve 24A of the fuel, and the work is performed in the mode of production predefined electricity, there is an allocation and collection of only the specified component (e.g., water)present in side the product and formed by separating portion 17. Then, through the channel of the collecting side of the product and the valve 24V inlet side of the product, takes and keeps being a byproduct of part 403.

As a result, as shown in Fig. 48A-48S, fuel volume MP for energy generation, dressed in refillable fuel part 401 is reduced, and the volume of a given component or substance, held in being by-product of part 403, in General, increases. At this point, if applied design is, in which being a byproduct of part 403 filled absorbing polymer and the like, it is possible to control the capacity of being a byproduct of part 403 in such a way that this being a byproduct of part 403 may have a capacity in excess of the actual amount of the intake side of the product.

Therefore, concerning the relationship between the charged fuel and byproduct parts 401 and 403, it should be noted that their capacity is not just regarding increasing or decreasing when working in the mode of electricity generation (electricity generation) in the module 10 to generate power, and is the application of pressure to the MP fuel for energy generation, dressed in refillable fuel part 401, by inflating the flexible container 23 for collection outward under the influence of a predetermined pressure, as shown in Fig. 48, in accordance with the amount of by-product held in being by-product of part 403. Consequently, it is possible to undertake a proper fuel supply MP for power generation module 10E for energy, and you can submit the MP fuel for energy generation, dressed in refillable fuel part 401, until then, until it is completely replaced by-product, which is filled in the FOB is cnym product part 403, as shown in Fig. 48S.

In this embodiment, description is given with reference to the occasion when the whole side product or part thereof after separation and collection by separating portion 17, is additionally provided for the module 10E to generate the energy is collected and retained in the fuel unit 20, and do not collect the agent is discharged out of the system 301 power supply. However, it is possible to use a construction in which all of the collected by-product (e.g., water) or part of it is reused as a component of fuel in power generation module 10E for energy production (in particular, part 12 for energy production and part 11 of the sub power supply). Specifically, in the construction in which the device for energy representing the fuel cell, is used as a part 12 for energy production (the same can be attributed to part 11 of the sub power), as a by-product water is formed. However, as described above, since the water required for the reaction of steam reforming and the like, in a fuel cell, providing the fuel reformer, it is possible to provide a construction in which part of the water present in the collected by-product, served in part 12 for energy production and re-used for the reaction, as shown dotted with what recami (labeled “re-used the material collected”) in Fig. 47. In accordance with this design, because you can reduce the amount of water beforehand tucked into the fuel block 20 along with the MP fuel for energy production, with the aim of carrying out the reaction of steam reforming and the like, and the number of mirror product (water)is held in being by-product of part 403, fuel block 20 having a fixed capacity, can be refilled more MP fuel for energy production, thereby increasing the capacity of the power supply in the power supply system.

Next, with reference to the drawings will be described a device for removing by-products, which made picking a by-product, in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 49 presents a block diagram illustrating a portion of a power system. Similarly, the power supply system shown in Fig. 2, the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation mainly consists of: the fuel unit 20C, which fill up the MP fuel for energy production (hereafter referred to simply fuel), etc.; module 10 to generate energy, which is made with the possibility of permanent connection with a fuel unit 20C and generates electricity (responsible energy production) by using the fuel supplied from toplin the th block 20C, and other structural elements. For the fuel unit 20C is provided: refill fuel part 401; filled with absorbent part 402; being a byproduct of part 403; T-part 30C connected with these being parts 401-403. Similarly, the power supply system shown in Fig. 47, the module 10 to generate energy consists of: part 11 subunit of power; part 12 for energy; part 13, the management work; part 14, a management issue; part 15, the control run; part 16, the controlling voltage; separating part 17; and other structural elements.

As shown in Fig. 50A-50C, the fuel unit 20C includes the refillable fuel part 401, which has made it as one of the elastic cylinder for storage, which can change without any restrictions, filled with absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403. Fuel block 20 is made of biodegradable synthetic resin, and filled the fuel part 401, filled with absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403 are separated from each other and do not intersect with each other, resulting in essentially sealed design.

In-charged fuel part 401 is tucked into her liquid (or liquefied) the substance or gaseous compounds is s, which includes hydrogen, for example, methyl alcohol or butane, and fuel MP, which includes water. Fuel for energy production, which is tucked into the filled fuel part 401 and which should be submitted in the pre-defined number to generate electricity excitation load and delivery of this energy to the load N by part 210b of the fuel element, is taken through part 210A to the fuel reforming unit only when the fuel unit 20C is connected to the module 10 to generate power.

Filled with absorbent portion 402 includes part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide and part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate. Part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide connected with a part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction through the tube 412 for supplying mixed gases, and also connected with a part 210b of the fuel element through the tube 414 for supplying gaseous hydrogen. Part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide is adjacent to part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate, so that it comes into contact with it, and also selectively removes only the gaseous carbon dioxide from a mixed gas (first gas)containing hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and the resulting chemical conversion of fuel hearth is aemula of filled fuel part 401 part 210A for fuel reforming. In particular, the configuration of part 404 provides a supply of the first gas generated in part 210A to the fuel reformer of the tube 412 for supplying a mixed gas only when the fuel unit 20C is connected to the module 10 to generate the energy and flow of a second gas, the main component of which is gaseous hydrogen (H2)emitted by removing carbon dioxide (CO2from the first gas, in part 210b of the fuel element. In the initial state, when filled with fuel part 401 is filled with fuel MP, in part 405 to collect calcium carbonate yet this substance, since calcium carbonate is not going, and part of 407 to collect water there is no water, as it isn't going to. In addition, essentially, a blank is filled by-product of part 403.

Part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide is filled with absorbent of carbon dioxide. However, in this case, as an absorbent of carbon dioxide is used a substance which selectively absorbs carbon dioxide from a mixed gas containing hydrogen and carbon dioxide and formed parts 210A for fuel reforming, and which does not contribute to the formation of harmful substances or pollutants in the environment, through absorption of carbon dioxide even in the case when absorbe the t throw to an open dump, are buried in the ground or burned.

As absorbent of carbon dioxide using calcium oxide (Cao), and selectively remove carbon dioxide through the reaction described by the chemical equation (8) response.

CaO+CO2→ caso3(8)

Calcium oxide is a very cheap material. In addition, a means to absorb carbon dioxide, involving the use of such substances does not require the maintenance of such conditions as high temperature, high pressure, and others, during the absorption of gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2). Consequently, through the use of such substances as absorbent of carbon dioxide production with the small size of the fuel unit 20C in accordance with the present invention can be very inexpensive.

Moreover, although the calcium carbonate formed by the reaction described by the chemical equation (8) reaction, and is in part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate, it is a substance that is not harmful to people or the environment. Even if calcium carbonate throw to an open dump, are buried in the ground or burn, it does not contribute to the formation of harmful substances. Therefore, toplin the second block 20, inside of which there is calcium oxide or calcium carbonate, can be subjected to a salvage treatment after use, without negative impact on the environment.

Since the reaction is described by the chemical equation (8) reaction is an exothermic reaction, part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide can be shaped configuration providing a supply of heat produced during the absorption of carbon dioxide, in part 210A for fuel reforming, etc. as a result, it is possible to further improve the energy efficiency of the power supply system in accordance with this particular embodiment.

Because cubic volume per mole of calcium carbonate greater than the cubic volume per mole of calcium oxide, part 405 to collect calcium carbonate expands as the formation of calcium carbonate. In addition, since the fuel MP is spent in accordance with the reaction in part 210b of the fuel cell and the water formed in this part 210b of the fuel element, served in part 407 to collect water, then the result is the extension being a byproduct of part 403. Thus, as shown in Fig. 50A, in the initial state, while being absorbent portion 402, which includes a portion 404 to absorb dioxide coal is ode and inside only calcium oxide, located on the left side, it moves to the right as extensions being absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403 in the process of reaction, as shown in Fig. 50V. Then, as shown in Fig. 50C, if the last result, the fuel unit 20C is essentially busy season absorbent part 402 and being a byproduct of part 403, when the fuel MP spent. As shown in Fig. 51, sheet-like fuel unit 20C rolled up and enclosed in part 409 to host. Then it is connected to the module 10 to generate energy. In this case, as will be described below, the power supply system can be performed in such a way that it will have essentially the same external shape as the chemical current source General purpose.

In this case, although in accordance with the chemical equations (1) and (2) reactions produces 3 mol of water (H2A) from 1 mole of methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and 1 mole of water (H2O), 1 mol of methyl alcohol (CH3IT is in liquid form has a volume of 40,56 cm3whereas 1 mol of water (H2O) has a volume of 18,02 cm3. Therefore, if we assume that the volume of methyl alcohol, dressed in refillable fuel part 401, the initial condition is M cm3the volume occupied by the liquid Topley is ω (a mixture of methyl alcohol (CH 3HE) and water (H2O)) in refillable fuel part 401 is 1,M cm3.

Then, if all methyl alcohol (CH3HE reacts, cubic volume of water (H2O) as a by-product is 1,333M cm3and the volume fraction of water in liquid fuel (a mixture of methyl alcohol (CH3HE) and water (H2O)) in the initial state is approximately 92,31%. Therefore, the capacity of filled fuel part 401 for fuel MP in the initial state, essentially equal to the capacity of being a byproduct of part 403, when the fuel MP spent, while the amount of calcium carbonate formed when spent fuel MP, essentially twice the amount of calcium oxide in the initial state. Therefore, because the fuel unit 20C, when the fuel MP spent, has a capacity that is larger than the capacity of the fuel unit 20C in the initial state, it is preferable to set the capacitance part 409 to host such that it was, essentially, filled with fuel unit 20C, when the fuel MP spent. It should be noted that the external shape of the fuel unit 20C in accordance with the present invention is not necessarily limited to the above form.

Separating part 17 separates the water (H2A) among the by-products formed preparable electricity excitation load in part 210b of the fuel element, delivers the water into a part of 407 to collect water, which is filled in a by-product of part 403, through the tube 416 to supply water and releases carbon dioxide to the outside of the module 10 to generate energy. Some water, separating the detachable part 17 can be submitted in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and/or a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas in accordance with the needs, and also to combine with carbon monoxide.

SOPR-part 30C given configuration for connection with fuel separation unit 20C and the module 10 to generate electricity with each other. In addition, only when the fuel unit 20C and the module 10 to generate power are connected to each other through PAIR-part 30C of the fuel unit 20C in the module 10 to generate energy is fuel for power generation module 10 to generate power in the fuel unit 20C is served a specified component contained in the byproduct formed during the production of electricity, and between the fuel unit 20C and the module 10 to generate energy is filing and receiving the gas. SOPR-part 30C consists of a tube 411 fuel intended for the supply of fuel MP due to the phenomenon of capillarity in the module to generate the energy tube 412 for supplying mixed the gas, intended for the supply of hydrogen and carbon dioxide, is converted in part 210 for fuel reforming, in part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide, the receiver 414 for supplying gaseous hydrogen, is used to supply hydrogen to the high concentration of part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide and tube 416 to supply water intended for the supply of water, separating the detachable part 17, part 407 to collect water. SOPR-part 30C given configuration, which serves to prevent leakage of fuel or waste material before connecting the module 10 to generate power or during separation during operation.

Tube 411 fuel is inserted in the fuel unit 20C. Tube 411 fuel supplies fuel to the part 13, the control work, etc. on this tube 411 fuel due to the phenomenon of capillarity, when the fuel unit 20C is connected to the module 10 to generate energy. However, when the excitation part 210b of the fuel block is absent, the control tube 411 fuel supply is carried out in such a way that the valve part 13, the management job is closed. In addition, part 16, the controlling voltage, detects potential, which shows the offset when there is a transition load N from the backup state (off) condition is, which starts the main functions through the positive electrode and the negative electrode of a power system. When the part 13, the control operation, the signal start, this part 13 controls the work, started using electricity from part 11 of subunit power and opens the valve tube 411 fuel supply, thereby ensuring the supply of fuel. In addition, the supply of a predetermined quantity of fuel in the portion 210A for fuel reforming.

It should be noted that the fuel unit 20C may consist of a material through which the chlorinated organic compound (dioxin group, for example, polychlorinated dibenzo-n-dioxin, polychlorinated dibenzofuran) or gaseous hydrogen chloride, a harmful substance, such as heavy metal, or substance, pollutant, is formed in small quantities or in General is not formed even if the processing is carried out, providing artificial heating or burning, or chemical treatment, etc.

In addition, as fuel to generate the energy used in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment, it is possible to use the fuel, which may not be a pollutant to the environment, even if topl is wny unit 20C, which filled the fuel to generate the energy emitted to the open dump is buried in the ground or flows into the air, soil or water, and which contributes to the development of electricity with high efficiency of energy production in part 210b of the fuel cell module 10 to generate energy; in particular, it is possible to apply a liquid compound containing an alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, butyl alcohol and the like, or gaseous fuel, such as gaseous hydrocarbons, for example, a simple dimethyl ether, isobutane, natural gas (liquefied natural gas, SIPG) and the like, or hydrogen gas, and others.

Furthermore, although carbon dioxide formed in the separating portion 17, is released through the exhaust hole 14d in this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 83, carbon dioxide can be absorbed part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide coming from the separating portion 17 through the tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide, as shown in Fig. 52. Because in such a system, the supply side of the product is difficult to come out, this power supply system is effective, in particular, as the power source for such devices in which the power system is enclosed in a closed space, preventing gas leakage, and such a device can in order to be for example, waterproof wrist watch.

In addition, although filled with absorbent portion 402 in this embodiment, consists of part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate and part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide containing calcium oxide, part 404 to absorb carbon may contain calcium hydroxide instead of calcium oxide, and calcium oxide may be provided as part to absorb water.

Next, with reference to Fig. 53, will be described modifications involving the use of calcium hydroxide in parts 404 to absorb carbon dioxide in accordance with the present invention. In the following description, the same names and the same position is given to elements that are identical to the corresponding elements in the preceding specific embodiment, to simplify or omit their explanation. The power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation mainly consists of a fuel block 20, which fill up the fuel for power generation (hereinafter referred to simply fuel), and module 10 to generate energy, which is made with the possibility of permanent connection with a fuel unit 20M, etc. For the fuel block 20 being provided fuel part 401, filled with absorbent portion 402, zapravlyaem the traveler byproduct part 403, SOPR-part 30E connected with these being parts 401-403, etc. in Addition, similarly to the power supply system shown in Fig. 47, the module 10 to generate energy consists of 11 subunits of the power part 12 for energy generation, part 13, of the management work, part 14, a management issue, part 15 managing the launch, part 16, which controls the voltage dividing section 17 and other structural elements.

As shown in Fig. 54A-C, fuel block 20 includes a refillable fuel part 401, which has made it as one of the elastic cylinder for storage, which can change without any restrictions, filled with absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403. Fuel block 20 made of synthetic resin, biodegradable, etc. and filled with fuel part 401, filled with absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403 are separated from each other and do not intersect with each other, resulting in essentially sealed design.

Filled with absorbent portion 402 includes: part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide containing calcium hydroxide, and part 406 to absorb water containing calcium oxide. Part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide is adjacent to part 405 to collect carbon is and calcium and part 406 to absorb water and is in contact with them, and selectively removes only the gaseous carbon dioxide from a mixed gas (first gas)containing hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and the resulting chemical conversion of fuel being supplied from the fuel part 401 part 210A for fuel reforming. In particular, the supply of the first gas generated in part 210A to the fuel reformer of the tube 412 for the supply of the mixed gas and the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2from the first gas occurs only when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10 to generate energy. In addition, a second gas containing hydrogen (H2and water, which can be the main components of a by-product, served in part 406 to absorb water.

Calcium hydroxide (CA(Oh)2submitted in part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide removes carbon dioxide from a mixed gas by the reaction described by the chemical equation (9) response.

CA(Oh)2+ CO2→ caso3+ H2About(9)

Calcium hydroxide (CA(Oh)2) is a very cheap material. In addition, a means to absorb carbon dioxide, involving the use of such substances that do not t the of Buet maintain such conditions, as high temperature, high pressure, and others, during the absorption of gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2). Consequently, through the use of such substances as absorbent of carbon dioxide production with the small size of the fuel unit 20 in accordance with this embodiment can be relatively inexpensive.

Moreover, although calcium carbonate (caso3)formed by the reaction described by the chemical equation (9) reaction, and is in part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate, it is a substance that is not harmful to people or the environment. In addition, it does not form harmful substance, even if the calcium carbonate throw to an open dump, are buried in the ground or burned. Therefore, a fuel cell unit 20, THE inside of which there is calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide or calcium carbonate, can be subjected to a salvage treatment after use, without negative impact on the environment.

Since the reaction is described by the chemical equation (9) reaction is an exothermic reaction, part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide can be shaped configuration providing a supply of heat produced during the absorption of carbon dioxide, in the following part 210A for fuel reforming is and etc. As a result, it is possible to further improve the energy efficiency of the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment.

In this case, although the water is formed when the absorbent of carbon dioxide present in that portion 404 to absorb carbon dioxide absorbs carbon dioxide, part 406 to absorb water absorbs water contained in the second gas entering of part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide through the pipe 413 for the supply of water and gaseous hydrogen, by the reaction described by the chemical equation (10) reaction. Therefore, part 406 to absorb water can absorb the water formed in part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide and excess water is used for the reaction with carbon dioxide in parts 210A for fuel reforming.

Sao+ H2About → CA(Oh)2(10)

As a result, the third gas supplied from a portion 406 to absorb water through the tube 414 to supply gas may be hydrogen high concentration and the calcium hydroxide formed in accordance with equation (10)can perform the function of part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide.

As shown in Fig. 54A, filled with absorbent portion 402 consists of the Asti 404 to absorb carbon dioxide containing calcium hydroxide, and part 406 to absorb water, the initial state contains calcium oxide. However, the chemical reaction of calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide and calcium carbonate occurs in the above manner and, at least, being absorbent portion 402, essentially, consists of part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide and part 405 to collect calcium carbonate containing calcium carbonate.

Because cubic volume per mole of calcium carbonate greater than the cubic volume per mole of calcium oxide, part 405 to collect calcium carbonate expands as the formation of calcium carbonate. Because cubic volume per mole of calcium hydroxide is greater than the cubic volume per mole of calcium oxide, part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide will expand as the formation of calcium hydroxide. However, the calcium hydroxide is converted to calcium carbonate, as described above, therefore, the significant expansion cannot occur. In addition, since the fuel MP is spent in accordance with the reaction in part 210b of the fuel cell and the water formed in this part 210b of the fuel element, served in part 407 to collect water, the result is the extension being a byproduct of part 403.

Therefore, although being absorbefacient 402, located on the left side, it moves to the right as extensions being absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403, as shown in Fig. W. And finally, as shown in Fig. S, fuel unit 20M is essentially busy season absorbent part 402 and being a byproduct of part 403, when the MP fuel is completely consumed. As shown in Fig. 51, sheet-like fuel unit 20M rolled up and enclosed in part 409 to host. In this state, the fuel unit 20 can be connected to the module 10 to generate energy. In this case, the power supply system can be performed in such a way that it will have essentially the same external shape as the chemical current source General purpose, as will be described below.

The tank filled with fuel part 401 containing fuel MP, in the initial state, essentially equal to the capacity of being a byproduct of part 403, when the MP fuel is completely consumed, whereas the calcium carbonate formed when spent fuel MP, has a volume that is essentially twice the capacity of the fuel block 20 in the initial state. Therefore, since the capacity of the fuel unit 20, when the fuel MP spent, more than double the capacity of the fuel block 20 in the initial state, predpochtitel is but to set the capacity of part 409 to accommodate such so she was essentially filled fuel unit 20, after the spent fuel So

Carbon dioxide, separating the detachable part 17 can be released through the exhaust hole 14d or can be absorbed part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide in the presence of tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide. In addition, some water, separating the detachable part 17 can be submitted in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and/or a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas in accordance with the needs, and also to combine with carbon monoxide.

Although in the embodiment shown in Fig. 53, part 406 to absorb water is made separately from part 403 to collect water, this part 406 to absorb water containing calcium oxide, can also serve as part of the water collection, as shown in Fig. 55. Part 406 to absorb water absorbs water from part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide through tube 413 for the supply of water gas and hydrogen gas, and also absorbs water from the separating portion 17 through the tube 416 to supply water, which is provided in the T-part of 30N. From this point of view, part 406 to absorb water, provided in the fuel block 20N may be polymeric absorb Tom moisture.

In addition, in the foregoing specific embodiment, carbon dioxide is absorbed part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide passing through the tube 412 for supplying a mixed gas, and passing through a portion of H for the reaction of steam reforming, the portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas and part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction. However, since the amount of carbon dioxide formed in the portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas and part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction, is negligible, it is possible to absorb carbon dioxide from a mixed gas that is converted in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and coming in part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide through the tube 412 for supplying a mixed gas, as shown in Fig. 56. In this case, part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide connected with a part H for the reaction of steam reforming through tube 412 for supplying a mixed gas present in NOM-part R, and is connected with a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas through the tube 414 for supplying gaseous hydrogen. Although part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide absorbs carbon dioxide in addition to hydrogen, carbon dioxide is, small amounts of water and small amounts of carbon monoxide supplied from the part H for the reaction of steam reforming, in this part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide does not have to be calcium oxide, and can be used calcium hydroxide. In the case of calcium hydroxide, water, formed by absorption of carbon dioxide can be used in conjunction with carbon monoxide in parts 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas. At this point, the carbon dioxide separated by the separating part 17 can be released through the exhaust hole 14d, and may provide a tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide located in such a way that part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide can absorb carbon dioxide. In addition, the calcium hydroxide can be used instead of calcium oxide for part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide. In this case, as shown in Fig. 57, it is possible to supply the fuel unit 20Q part 406 to absorb water to absorb the water formed in part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide. Part 406 to absorb water contains calcium oxide and connected to part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide through tube 413 for the supply of water and gaseous hydrogen. Part 406 to absorb water also connect the s part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas through the tube 414 for supplying gaseous hydrogen.

Carbon dioxide, separating the detachable part 17 can be released through the exhaust hole 14d, and can be provided for the tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide to part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide can absorb carbon dioxide. In addition, some water, separating the detachable part 17 can be submitted in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and/or a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas in accordance with the needs, and also to combine with carbon monoxide.

Although in the previous embodiment, part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide connected to only one element portion 210A for fuel reforming, this part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide can be combined with many elements part 210A for fuel reforming, respectively. Next, with reference to Fig. 58 will be described modification part to absorb carbon dioxide in accordance with the present invention.

Fuel block 20R includes refillable fuel part 401, filled with absorbent portion 402 and being a byproduct of part 403 and connected with T-part 30R, equipped with a tube 411 fuel feed tube 421 for supplying a first mixed gas, the first tube 422 for supplying a gas in which aroda, tube 423 for the supply of the second mixed gas, the second tube 424 to supply gaseous hydrogen tube 425 for supplying a third mixed gas, the third tube 414 for supplying gaseous hydrogen and tube 416 to supply water.

Filled with absorbent portion 402 has a part 405 to collect calcium carbonate, part 403 to collect water that contains calcium oxide, the first part A to absorb carbon dioxide, the second part W to absorb the carbon dioxide and the third part IS to absorb carbon dioxide. Part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate in the initial state is not populated, and the first part A to absorb carbon dioxide, the second part W to absorb the carbon dioxide and the third part IS to absorb carbon dioxide, respectively, contain the required minimum amount of calcium oxide.

The first part A to absorb carbon dioxide connected with a part H for the reaction of steam reforming through tube 421 for supplying the first mixed gas used to supply the first mixed gas containing hydrogen, carbon dioxide, etc. and is connected with a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas through the first tube 422 for the supply of gaseous hydrogen.

The second part W to absorb di is xida carbon connected with a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas through the tube 423 for the supply of the second mixed gas, used for supplying a mixed gas containing carbon dioxide formed in the portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas, and is connected with a part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction through the second tube 424 for the supply of gaseous hydrogen.

The third part IS to absorb carbon dioxide connected with a part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction through the tube 425 for supplying a third gas that is used for supplying a mixed gas containing carbon dioxide formed in part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction, and is connected with a part 406 to absorb water through the tube 413 for the supply of water and gaseous hydrogen.

In the first part A to absorb carbon dioxide, the second part W to absorb the carbon dioxide and the third part IS to absorb carbon dioxide, the calcium hydroxide reacts with carbon dioxide contained in the mixed gas, and forms calcium carbonate. Then the calcium carbonate is fed in part 405 for the collection of calcium carbonate. In part 406 to absorb water, the calcium hydroxide reacts with water, formed in the first part A to absorb carbon dioxide, the second part W to absorb the carbon dioxide and the third part IS for absorbe the Finance of carbon dioxide, and forms calcium hydroxide. Then calcium hydroxide is fed into the first part A to absorb carbon dioxide, the second part W to absorb the carbon dioxide and the third part IS to absorb carbon dioxide. Almost all of the carbon dioxide from part 406 to absorb water is consumed, when spent fuel is MP, which is filled in the fuel part 401, and filled with absorbent portion 402 is designed so that the calcium carbonate from part 405 to collect calcium carbonate is a significant part of the space inside filled with absorbent part 402.

Carbon dioxide, separating the detachable part 17 can be released through the exhaust hole 14d or may be absorbed part 404 to absorb carbon dioxide in the presence of tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide. In addition, some water, separating the detachable part 17 can be submitted in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and/or a portion 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas in accordance with the needs, and also to combine with carbon monoxide. In addition, part 403 to collect water can not be provided, and the portion 406 to absorb water and tube 416 for water supply can be connected to each other.

In each of the previous options Khujand the exercise of, filled with absorbent portion 402 and/or part 403 to collect water made as a single unit with refill fuel part 401, but may provide a line of separation between the filled fuel part 401 and filled with absorbent part 402 and/or part 403 to collect water, so you can separate the charged absorbent portion 402 and/or part 403 to collect water from a refillable fuel parts 401 and discarded.

Although each of the preceding specific embodiments charged absorbent portion 402 is designed for the fuel block 20, it can be provided in module 10 to generate power if the number of the formed calcium carbonate is sufficiently small.

<a Means for detecting the residual amount>

Next, with reference to the drawings, will be described means for detecting the residual quantity of fuel to generate energy, which is applicable to the power supply system according to each of embodiments.

In Fig. 59 presents a block diagram showing an implementation option means for detecting the residual amount, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In addition, in Fig. 60 presents an image illustrating the state of operation of the starting system e is Tropicana in accordance with this embodiment; in Fig. 61 is an image illustrating a state of operation in the steady state of the power system in accordance with this embodiment; and Fig. 62 presents an image illustrating a state of operation stop of the power system in accordance with this particular embodiment. Similarly, options for the implementation of the second, third, fourth, description will be given with reference to the case in which the transmission of predetermined information between the system power supply and the device with which the system power supply is connected. However, you can use design, in which no transfer is specially provided information between the system power supply and the device is not performed (the design shown in the first embodiment). In addition, the same positions represent the elements equivalent to the elements described in each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 59, in the case of the module 10F for energy, fuel block 20F T-part 30F having a construction and function similar to those of their structures and functions in the above described variants of implementation, the means for detecting the residual amount applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, has a construction in which the portion 18 for detecting the residual amount designed to detect the amount of fuel MP for energy remaining in the fuel unit 20F (i.e. the residual amount), and signal detection of the residual amount of fuel in the part 13, the control operation, can be installed inside any of these blocks, as the module 10F for energy, NOM-part 30F and fuel unit 20F (this drawing shows the installation inside the module 10F for energy generation).

Part 18 for detecting the residual amount is used to detect the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy remaining in the fuel unit 20F. For example, when the MP fuel for power generation charged in the fuel unit 20F in the liquid state, the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy find fitting for this method of measuring the level of liquid fuel using an optical sensor, etc. or a method of measuring changes in absorption of light (coefficient tarnishing)flowing through the fuel. Then information about the residual fuel quantity MP for energy, the detected part 18 for detecting the residual amount will be sent to the part 13, the control operation, the signal quality detecting residual is number. On the basis of this signal the detection of the residual quantity, part 13 controls the work, produces a signal control designed to control the operational state of the part 12 to produce energy, part 14, a management issue, and outputs information relating to the residual amount of fuel MP for energy production, in the controller, included in the unit U. it Should be noted that the excitation part 18 for detecting the residual amount is carried out by the electricity of the part 11 of the sub power supply each time fuel unit 20F, containing he tucked into the MP fuel for energy generation, combined with the module 10F for energy production and RESISTANCE-part 30F.

In the power supply system having such a construction, basically you can apply the operation, the equivalent operation in the second embodiment (including the case where simultaneously and concurrently controls the operation in the first embodiment), and control of the work inherent in this particular variant implementation and described below, can be used in addition to this control.

First of all, when operating in the run mode, details of which are given in the brief description of all the work system in communication with the first and second variants of implementation (see Fig. 27 and Fig. 34), the hen part 13, controls a, detects a change in the voltage of electricity through part 16, operatively controlling the voltage, or when it receives information about the excitation of the load to be supplied from the controller, included in the device, and sends a request for the supply of electricity, this part 13 controls the work, basing their actions on the signal detection of the residual amount coming from part 18 for detecting the residual amount, and before granting in part 15, the control start signal control designed to run part 12 for energy, concludes whether the remaining before operation the amount of fuel MP for energy sufficient for normal start-part 12 for energy generation (steps A or E).

When the part 13 controls the work, based on the signal detection of the residual quantity determines that the fuel unit 20F remains the amount of fuel to generate energy sufficient to operate in the run mode part 12 for energy generation, this Chapter 13 : managing energy, performs work in the run mode (steps A-E or A-E)described in connection with the first or second embodiment, it generates electricity excitation load-through part 12 to generate energy and, and also provides for the filing of a pre-defined power in the unit U.

On the other hand, as shown in Fig. 60, when the part 13 controls the work, based on the signal detection of the residual amount (when it detects an error residual amount) determines that the fuel unit 20F remains the amount of fuel to generate energy sufficient to operate in the run mode, this part 13, the management of energy issues in the controller, included in the device, through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, the error signal run on the basis of the error residual quantity in the quality of the information about the mode of energy production. As a result, the controller may provide the user device, The information relating to the residual errors of the number and prescribing the proper conduct of the work, for example, replace the system power supply or replenishment of fuel for energy production.

Further, when operating in steady state, the details of which are given in the brief description of all the work system in communication with the first and second variants of implementation (see Fig. 27 and Fig. 34), as shown in Fig. 61 Chapter 13 : managing the work may sequentially operative to control the signal detection of the residual amount of (residual amount), the detection is performed by a part 18 to determine the residual amount, and provides through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, controller, included in The device, the alarm information on the residual quantity characterizing, for example, the estimated remaining time for which the quality of the information about the mode of energy production can be issued to the controller, included in the device, information about the actual data remaining number, information about the share of the residual amount (the original amount) or information about electricity.

As shown in Fig. 61 Chapter 13 : managing the work may throw in the part 14, a management issue, for example, the signal control designed to control the amount of power generation in part 12 for energy in accordance with a residual amount of fuel MP for energy detected by a part 18 for detecting the residual amount, to adjust the amount of fuel to generate the energy supplied to the part 12 to generate energy while reducing the supply by decreasing the residual amount of fuel MP for energy production, and manage, providing a gradual change (decrease) in time, energy excitation load (essentially a voltage of electric power supplied to the device is, produced part 12 for energy.

Therefore, the controller is able To accurately determine the residual quantity of fuel for energy generation in the power system, or the estimated time during which ensures that the excitation device, on the basis of the signal information on the residual quantity or change the voltage of electricity, and to provide the user with information prescribing system replacement power supply or replenishment of fuel for energy production. Therefore, it becomes possible, for example, the successful execution of the function of notifying the user about the residual amount of fuel in the power source based on the output voltage provided by the power source, or the actual residual amount of fuel in the power source, resulting is possible to realize a useful compliance, equivalent to that which occurs in the case of use of chemical current source for zapisywania device working with electricity.

In this steady state, when the part 13 controls the work, detects an error of the residual, which is characterized, for example, a sudden drop in the residual amount of fuel MP for energy production and derived from part 18 for detecting the residual quantity is tion during the implementation of the feedback control on the supply of electricity (electricity excitation load, produced by the part 12 to generate power), as shown in Fig. 62 this part 13 controls the work, turns off the supply of fuel for energy production in part 12 for energy and stops the operation of a power generation portion 12 to generate the energy producing part 14, a management issue, as information about the operation of a power generation control signal operation designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy. In addition, part 13 controls the work, stops the heating by the heater to conduct endoergic reaction for the formation of hydrogen and provides through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads in the controller, included in the device, as information about the operation of a power generation signal abnormal stop on the basis of the error residual quantity or the stop signal works in part 12 for energy. As a result, the controller may provide the user device, The information relating to the interruption caused by the residual error amount, and prescribe appropriate measures when leakage, etc. of the MP fuel for energy generation from fuel block out of the system 301 power supply.

Next, you will see a description of the design and each block.

[Fifth specific variant of implementation]

(A) the Module 10 to generate energy

Next, with reference to Fig. 63 will be described fifth variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In the following text the same position denote elements equivalent to the elements described in connection with the first embodiment, to simplify or omit their explanation.

The 10G module to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, given such a configuration, in which he mainly includes: part 11 sub power supply (second power tool), which is constantly offline produces a predefined power (second electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G through RBSU-part 30G, and returns this energy as, at least, the power of excitation (power controller) controller, included in the devices connected to the system 301 power supply, and controlling the excitation of the load N (element or module that performs the functions of different types of devices), and the working power for the below part 13, the management work, which houses Lorena module 10G for energy; Chapter 13 : managing the work of working through the use of electric power supplied from the part 11 of the sub power supply, and control the operational status of the entire system 301 power;

part 12 for energy production (one power supply), which generates predetermined electric power (first electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G through RBSU-part 30G, or a specified component of the fuel discharged from the fuel to generate energy, and emits this energy as, at least, the power of excitation load for excitation of various types of functions (load N) devices connected to the system 301 power supply; part 14, a control issue, which controls at least the quantity of fuel to generate energy supplied in part 12 for energy production, and/or the quantity of electricity supplied to the signal to control the operation of the part 13, the management work; and part 15, a control run, which manages at least part 12 for energy, transferring it from the standby mode to the operation mode for the generation of energy, on the basis of the control signal operation part 13, the management work. Chapter 13 : managing the work part 14, manage the traveler is issued, and part 15 managing the launch, in accordance with this embodiment form, the tool control system of the present invention.

Module 10G for energy production has a construction in which the portion 18 for detecting the residual amount designed to detect the amount of fuel MP for energy remaining in the fuel block 20G (i.e. the residual amount), and signal detection of the residual amount of fuel in the part 13, the control work, installed inside any of these blocks, as the module 10G for energy, NOM-part 30G and fuel block 20G (this drawing shows the installation inside the module 10G for energy generation).

That is, the system 301 power supply in accordance with this particular embodiment given configuration, providing the possibility of issuing a pre-defined energy (electricity excitation load) device, connected to the system 301 power supply, regardless of the characteristics of the fuel supply from the outside (i.e. not from a module 10G for energy, fuel block 20G T-part 30G) system or the management of this fuel.

<Part 11 subunit power in the fifth specific embodiment>

As shown in Fig. 63, part 11 subunit of the power applied to the module for robotki energy in accordance with this embodiment, given the configuration, always providing independent generation predetermined electric power (second electric power)required for operation in the run mode system 301 power supply, through the use of physical or chemical energy and other fuels MP for energy supplied from the fuel block 20G. It should also be noted that this power mainly consists of power excitation (power controller) controller K, which is included in the device and manages his condition, power AE, which is constantly supplied as operating power for part 13, the control operation that controls the operating state of the module 10G for energy production, and energy EA that during startup module 10G for energy is supplied as a power start (voltage and current), at least in part 14 that controls the issuance (depending on designs and this can be referred to section 12 for energy management), part 15, a control run, and the part 18 for detecting the residual amount. It should be noted that there is a configuration in which the electric power that can be working with electricity for part 18 for detecting the residual amount can be submitted after you Zap the ska module 10G for energy production, making it through part 15, the control run, and can also be fed constantly.

As the design part 11 subunit power can be applied, for example, a design that uses a chemical reaction with the fuel consumption MP for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A (fuel cell), or design, which uses thermal energy caused by the reaction of catalytic combustion (power generation due to temperature difference). In addition, you can use: design which uses the dynamic impact of energy conversion, etc. providing rotation of the generator through the use of applied fuel pressure MP to generate the energy contained in the fuel unit 20G, or the pressure of the gas generated by evaporation of fuel, and electricity generation (power generation by gas turbines); the design, which captures the electrons generated by metabolism (photosynthesis, respiration and the like)caused by germs, a power source for which is the MP fuel for energy generation, and performs a direct conversion into electrical energy (generation biochemical energy); construction, which converts the vibrational energy generated by the fuel energy available to the topl the VA MP for energy production, on the basis of the pressure of the fuel or gas pressure into electricity through the use of electromagnetic induction principle (energy fluctuations); the design, which uses the discharge from unit funds accumulation and storage of electricity, such as a secondary power source (charger unit) or a capacitor; a design that accumulates and stores electricity generated by each part, engaged in the production of energy and feed it into a means of accumulation and storage of electricity (for example, the secondary current source, a capacitor), and emits (discharges) energy; and other structures.

<a Brief description of all the work as a whole

according to the fifth variant implementation>

Next, with reference to the drawings, a brief description of the entire operation of the supply system having the above construction, in General.

In Fig. 64 presents an algorithm conventionally illustrating operation of a power system. In this case, description will be given with respect to the design of the system described above (Fig. 63).

As shown in Fig. 64, the control system 301 power supply, having a construction in accordance with this particular embodiment, is generally performed for execution: working in primary mode (steps A and E) for baking the MP and fuel to produce energy, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20, the module 10 to generate power, and a constant and continuous electricity generation (second generation), which can be working with electricity and electric power controller, part 11 subunit power;

work in the run mode (steps A-E) fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20, in the part 12 for energy production on the basis of the residual quantity of fuel for power generation in the fuel unit 20, the excitation load N in the device, as well as the generation and delivery of electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of the excitation loads; work in steady mode (steps A-E) for controlling the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 to generate power based on a state change of the excitation load N, and implementation of feedback control for the generation and delivery of electricity in accordance with the state of excitation of the load; and operation in stop mode (steps A-E off the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 for energy production on the basis of the load off N stop power generation. As a result, you can implement a power supply system that is applicable even in already existing device U.

(A) Work in primary mode according to the fifth variant implementation

First of all it should be noted that during operation in the starting mode, the power supply system in which the module 10 to generate power and fuel unit 20 connected to each other via a T-piece 30, for example, by turning off the status overlapping channel fuel T-piece 30 at the moment, for example, be connected to the device, the fuel for power generation, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20 is moved in the fuel supply due to the phenomenon of capillarity, characteristic of the fuel supply, and automatically fed into the part 11 of the sub power supply module 10 to generate power (stage A). In part 11 subunit Autonomous power is produced, and is constantly thrown at least electric power (second electric power), which can be working with electricity of the part 13, the management work, and the excitation energy (power controller)designed for a controller, included in the device (during the time when the power supply system connected to the device, there is only electricity, which can be working with electricity for part 13, the management work, and part 18 for detecting the residual amount) (step A).

On the other hand, is the system power supply, the configuration of which is such that the module 10 to generate power and fuel unit 20 can be connected and disconnected without any restrictions, connecting the fuel block 20 with the module 10 to generate energy through COMP-parts 30, disables the function of preventing leakage, which has means to prevent leakage of fuel provided to the fuel unit 20, and the fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20 moves in the fuel supply due to the phenomenon of capillarity, characteristic of the fuel supply, and automatically fed into the part 11 of the sub power supply module 10 to generate power (stage A). In part 11 subunit Autonomous power is produced and continuously receive electric power (second electric power), which can be, at least, working with electricity and power controller (during the time when the power supply system connected to the device, there is only electricity, which can be working with electricity for part 13, the management work, and part 16 for detecting the residual amount) (step A).

As a result, part 13 controls the work, and the part 16 for detecting the residual amount of operate and operational control information about the excitation of the load entering the C device, and the signal detecting residual amounts coming from part 16 for detecting the residual amount. In addition, when the power supply system connected to the device, a certain amount of electricity generated by part 11 of subunit power, served as a power controller in the controller, included in the device, and are excited for this controller To ensuring the excitation control load N device U. in Addition, in Chapter 13 managing work, system 301 power supply module (10 energy) enters information about the excitation of the load.

() Operation in the run mode according to the first variant implementation

After that, when operating in the run mode, when the user etc. devices provides excitation load N, from the controller To the quality of the information about the excitation load is issued the request signal on the power supply, through which enquires about the supply of electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of the excitation load part 13 managing the work module 10 to generate energy. After receiving information about the excitation of the load indicating the offset voltage through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads, system 301 power supply (phase A), h is R 13, controls a signal to detect residual amounts issued from the part 16 for detecting the residual amount refers to the data about the residual fuel quantity MP for energy production and concludes that there is a quantity of fuel MP for energy, sufficient for normal run mode run (step A), or not, before work in the run mode of the module 10 to generate power.

In this case, when an error is detected residual quantity of fuel MP for energy production (for example, when the residual quantity is equal to zero), part 13 controls the work, provides information about the residual amount of fuel related errors residual amounts in the controller To the device, notifies the user of the device At this error and stops operation in the run mode. On the other hand, when it is determined that the fuel unit 20 remains sufficient amount of fuel, part 13 controls the work, issues in part 15, the control start signal to control the operation intended to start (run) mode of energy production in part 12 for energy production (stage A).

On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the management work, and by supplying a certain amount of electricity generated by cha is Tue 11 subunit power, as electricity run part 14, a management issue, and part 12 for energy production (stage A), part 15 managing start-up, delivers fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20, in the part 12 to generate energy through the portion 14, a management issue, and is working on the development of electric power (first electric power), which can be the energy of excitation of the load, and outputs it to the device (load N) (step A). As a result, after receiving fuel for energy generation part 12 for energy generation is automatically started in response to a request for initiation of load N in the device, and power excitation load, determining a predetermined output voltage. Consequently, it is possible to make the excitation load simultaneously fulfil the characteristics of electricity, equivalent to the characteristic energy of the chemical current source General purpose.

For such work in the run mode, part 13, a management job, you can make a configuration that provides operational control of the voltage of the electric power (electrical excitation load)generated by part 12 for energy and fed into the device At or in the quality of the information about the excitation of the load, or is the quality of the signal of the end of the run, specifies the controller To the device, which reached a predetermined voltage. Therefore, on the basis of the voltage values of the excitation power load, the present invention can be used as a power source for the device, which is designed to enable you to control the state of excitation load N.

(C) Work in steady mode

according to the fifth variant implementation

When operating in steady state, held after working in a startup mode as measures of General management (control voltage varying in time)taken for the output voltage of the power excitation load and implemented up until the part 13 controls the work, not go to work in stop mode, based on, for example, at the stop of the load N, this part 13 controls the work, continuously or periodically detects the signal detection of the residual amount, coming from the part 16 for detecting the residual amount, and operatively controls the data residual amount of fuel MP for energy (phase A), refers to a predefined correlation table in which the correlation between the residual quantity of fuel for energy production and the output voltage is defined on the base the ve data remaining number (step E110), and provides in part 14 that controls the issuance, the signal control designed to control the amount of power (energy)generated in the part 12 to generate energy, so that the electric power is changed in accordance with a predefined characteristic output voltage (phase A).

Referring to the correlation table, part 13 controls the work, produces the control signal work, designed for control so that the output voltage of the power excitation loads issued from the module 10 to generate the energy is changed, determining the characteristic of the output voltage equivalent to, for example, the trends of change in voltage over time in the same type of chemical current sources General purpose (for example, manganese element, an alkaline element, alkaline button element, an oversized coin cell lithium the element, and others). At this point, part 13 controls the work, gives the controller, included in the device, the data about the residual quantity or share of the residual amount or the estimated remaining time during which it is possible to produce the electric power, as information about the residual amount of fuel.

On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the management work, the art 14, managing the issuance, regulates the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 for energy production (stage A), and performs control so that the output voltage of the electric power to the excitation of the load applied to the device, can be set equal to the voltage corresponding to the characteristic output voltage (phase A). As a result, since the output voltage of the electric power to the excitation of the load supplied from the system 301 of power, shows the trend of changes over time, is equivalent to the corresponding trends of the chemical current source General purpose notification function on the existing residual quantity, which are vested in the controller, included in the device, may be made on the basis of the output voltage or information about the residual amount, and the user devices may periodically or continuously to obtain information about the residual amount of fuel in the power source or about the estimated time during which it is possible to provide the excitation load.

Further, under the partial control of the output voltage of the power excitation load (i.e. individual control voltage), the control part 13 controls the work, can sense the change in the output voltage of the power excitation load, supplied from the part 12 for energy in the device, as information about the excitation load, and grant in part 14 that controls the issuance, the signal control designed to control the amount of power (energy)generated in the part 12 to generate energy, so that the output voltage of the power excitation load may be in a predefined voltage range (allowable range of fluctuation of the output voltage that varies in accordance with the characteristic of the output voltage to the current source General purpose). As a result, part 14, a management issue, regulates the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 for energy generation, signal-based management work, coming from the part 13, the management work, and the feedback control is performed so that the output voltage of the electric power to the excitation of the load applied to the device, may be in the required voltage range. Therefore, even if the voltage excitation load is changed due to the change of state of excitation (state load)characteristic load N on the side of the device, it is possible to supply electricity under the power device, which change with excitation load N.

In addition, if the controller To The device determines the state of excitation of the load N, and has a function of requesting the supply of electricity in accordance with the state of excitation from the system power supply, part 13 controls the work may, as a measure of the additional partial control of the output voltage of the power excitation loads to receiving the request to amend the electric power from the controller To the quality of the information about the excitation load and throw in the part 14, the control is issued, the control signal operation intended to set the electricity generated by a part 12 for energy generation, which will provide an output voltage that corresponds to the query. As a result, signal-based management work, coming from the part 13, the control operation part 14, a management issue, regulates the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 to generate power, and control is performed so that the output voltage of the power excitation load can be set to a voltage corresponding to the request, and it is possible to supply electric power in accordance with the state of excitation (state load)characteristic load N on St the side of the unit U. Consequently, it is possible to largely suppress the voltage variation of the power excitation load caused by changes in the state of excitation load N on the side of the device, and to prevent the occurrence of errors during operation in the device of the U.

Next, you will see a more detailed description of the characteristics of the output voltage, applicable to the General control of output voltage excitation load.

In Fig. 65 presents the image characteristics, which illustrates the time variation of the output voltage of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. The following description will be based on a comparison of the characteristics of the electromotive force of the chemical source General purpose and known fuel cell, and made references to the power supply system (Fig. 63).

As shown in Fig. 65 regarding the characteristics of the output voltage (which for ease of explanation, we will call “the first characteristic of the Sa output voltage) in the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, it should be noted that the control of the output voltage is carried out in such a way that determined the trend changes, essentially equivalent to the trend of changes over time in the output of the first voltage, due to the discharge of the chemical current source General purpose. That is, the management (to reduce)at least the amount of fuel MP for energy supplied to the part 12 for energy production, is carried out in such a way that the state of energy in the part 12 for power generation module 10 to generate power can be gradually reduced to nothing after a time, due to the discharge (in other words, the quantity of liquid fuel in the fuel block 20).

In particular, regarding the method of controlling the output voltage in accordance with this embodiment, it should be noted that the amount of fuel MP for energy remaining in the fuel unit 20, first detected part 16 for detecting the residual amount, and in Chapter 13 managing work, constantly (continuously or intermittently injected signal detecting the residual amount of fuel. However, in this case, the residual fuel quantity MP for energy production decreases after time due to the generation of part 12 for energy production, and therefore, the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy and elapsed time to have a close correlation.

On the other hand, part 13 controls the work, has a correlation table having first is th characteristic Sa output voltage, whereby the correlation between the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy and the output voltage is determined in accordance with the trend taking place in the time of change of the output voltage caused by the discharge in the chemical current source General purpose (manganese element, an alkaline element, alkaline button element, an oversized coin cell lithium the element, and others). As a result, part 13 controls the work relates the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy received by the signal detection of the residual quantity, time, caused by the discharge, determines the output voltage on the basis of the characteristic curve (the first data Sa of the output voltage)shown in Fig. 65, and regulates ensuring fuel supply MP for energy production, the number of which corresponds to this output voltage, in part 12 for energy. In this case, the determination of the correlation between the residual quantity of liquid fuel and the output voltage indicates the presence of dependence, in which between the value of the output voltage or the output power and the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy production, there is a correspondence one-to-one, as shown in Fig 4, and this correspondence is not limited to only one option, show the trend of changes shown a curve, as shown by the curve in Fig. 65, and may change, allowing a variation in which a similar trend is shown by a straight line.

In addition, on the occasion of the release of chemical current source General purpose it should be noted that, since the offset of the output voltage over time, acquires a different character depending on each tank, for example, battery size D or AAAA or an oversized coin cell battery, the shape and size of the power system in accordance with this particular embodiment can be coordinated with the shape and size of the chemical current source General purpose and to achieve the standards for the chemical current source General purpose, as will be described below, and the correlation table (characteristics of the output voltage) can be set so that the output voltage, the corresponding residual fuel quantity MP for energy production, will be equal to approaching or similar to the output voltage corresponding to the rest of the lifetime of the chemical current source of the same type. So, for example, the trajectory of what is happening in the time of change of the output voltage contains the fuel system is electroputere size D in accordance with the present invention is set so this trajectory coincides with the trajectory of events in the time of the change of the electromotive force characteristic of any of various types of chemical power sources, such as manganese element size D, the corresponding APS, or is stretched or narrowed along the time axis.

That is, as described above, although the residual amount of fuel MP for energy and elapsed time to have a close correlation, this dependence is not necessarily the same as the relationship between the residual quantity of the battery chemical current source General purpose and timed when charging. Namely, in the case of the use of a fuel cell, etc. as design part 12 for energy production, as has the characteristic according to which the energy efficiency is higher than the energy efficiency of the chemical current source General purpose voltage may undergo quantitative changes (decline) for a longer time than the output voltage according to the first characteristic of the Sa output voltage corresponding to the trends occurring in time of voltage variations in the chemical current source General purpose that shows, for example, a second Sb output voltage in Fig. 65.

In cha is in the surrounding area, considering the first characteristic of the Sa output voltage, it can be assumed that the lower limit of the working range of the guaranteed voltage is the voltage V0and the time required to achieve voltage V0is T0and the time average of 0.5 time T0namely, when the remaining length of the reach is reduced by half, is defined as T0,5and the voltage at this point is defined as V0,5. In this case we can assume that the notification Ia remaining number is transmitted when the controller K is included in the device, detects that the output voltage of the system power supply has reached a voltage V0.

On the other hand, considering the second Sb output voltage, it can be assumed that, when the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy production is essentially zero, the voltage is set equal to the voltage V0chemical current source, and the time required to achieve voltage V0is T0’and the time average of 0.5 time T0’, namely, the moment when the remaining length of the reach is reduced by half, is defined as T0,5’and the voltage at this point is set equal to the voltage V0,5chemical current source.

That is, the supplied fuel quantity MP for energy production or supplied amount of oxygen or air, asked part 14, administering the issuance, control so that the voltage outputted from the module 10 to generate power, when the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20, is reduced by half, is equal to the voltage when a residual amount of electromotive force in the working range of the guaranteed voltage of the chemical current source General purpose halved, and the voltage in the case where the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy is essentially equal to zero, is equal to the voltage when a residual amount of electromotive force in the working range of the guaranteed voltage of the chemical current source General purpose, essentially, zero.

As described above, in cases where the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, is used as the power source device, when the output voltage is determined on the basis of the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy, reaches a voltage that is lower than the guaranteed operating range voltage devices regardless of the elapsed time due to the discharge, The device issues a notice is giving Ib remaining number for replacement or charging of the power source, and this time not necessarily coincide with the time of the notification Ia remaining number when using chemical current source General purpose.

Therefore, the duration of T0’ lifetime (the time when the output voltage becomes below the lower limit of the operating range of the guaranteed voltage devices in reducing the number of MP fuel for energy production) system power corresponding to this variant implementation, not necessarily coincide with the duration of T0service life of the chemical current source General purpose, and can be a satisfactory characterization of the output voltage dependent on the time at which the trajectory along the time axis, T, is stretched or compressed. In this case, the part 16 for detecting the residual amount can detect minute residual fuel quantity MP for energy production, for example, when the residual quantity is 33% or 25%, while the detection is not limited to the moments when the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy production is reduced by half or becomes essentially zero. In any case, it is enough to set the output voltage, which essentially coincides with the output voltage corresponding to the residual value of e is radieuse strength of the chemical current source.

In accordance with the power supply system having such a characteristic of the output voltage as the output voltage of the power supply shows the trend of changes over time, equivalent to the trend of changes over time in the chemical current source General purpose used to generate the working power for the existing device, when the notification function on the existing residual amount is determined by detecting the change of this output voltage by the controller, provided in the device can periodically or continuously to display the residual quantity of the power source or the estimated time during which it is possible excitation device, or the device We can accurately notify remaining number to initiate a replacement or charging of the power source, when there is a voltage that is lower than the guaranteed operating range of voltage.

In addition, as will be described below, when the system power supply module (power production) in accordance with this embodiment is built into a small space through the use of technology micromachines, has reduced dimensions and weight, as well as a configuration that enables the external size and shape, ek is valentie external shape and dimensions supplied on an industrial scale chemical current source, there is a potential for full compatibility with these supplied on an industrial scale by chemical current source on the external form and the characteristic voltage, as well as additional advertising of the proposed technical solutions on the current market current sources. As a result, since the power supply system, such as a fuel cell having a high energy efficiency can be implemented instead of the existing chemical current source that generates a lot of problems related to environmental or energy efficiency, can be effectively used energy resource, simultaneously suppressing negative impact on the environment.

(D) Operation in stop mode according to

the fifth option exercise

When operating in steady state, when the part 13 controls the work, receives information about the excitation load regarding stop load N (step A), she gives in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy production (stage A). On the basis of the control signal by the work coming from the part 13, the control operation part 14, a management issue, disable the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 for you is abode energy (phase A), stops the operation part 12 for energy production (stage A) and stops the power supply to the excitation of the load device U.

In particular, even if the steady state is the feedback control, when the part 13 controls the work, continuously detects within a predetermined time condition, in which the output voltage of the electric power to the excitation of the load applied to the device, deviates from a predetermined voltage range, part 13 controls the work, handles the error of the output voltage as the information about the excitation of the load and provides in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in the part 12 to generate electricity.

That is, when the user of The device performs the stop operation load N, or when the load N cut off by extracting system 301 is a power device, even if the process in steady state is controlled with feedback and so on to set the output voltage of the power excitation load within a predetermined voltage range, the output voltage deviates from a predetermined range of voltage e is extraenergy excitation load. Therefore, when the part 13 controls the work, continuously detects this state longer than a predetermined time, it determines that the load of The device is stopped or its action is stopped, and stops the generation part 12 to generate electricity.

In addition, when the controller To The device detects the stopped state of the load H and has a function of requesting the stop of the power supply side of the supply system, part 13 controls the work, accept the request signal for stopping the power supply from the controller To the quality of the information about the excitation of the load and provides in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy.

As a result, since the shutdown, etc. load N, the device In the fuel supply MP for energy production is interrupted and automatically disconnects part 12 for energy production, it is possible to realize the characteristics of electricity, essentially, equivalent to the characteristic energy of the chemical current source General purpose, while ensuring efficient fuel consumption MP for energy production.

In addition, when the part 16 for detection of the sufficient number of detects an error of the residual, such as a sudden decrease in the residual amount of fuel MP for energy generation, part 13 controls the work may result in part 14 that controls the issuance, signal control, designed to stop electricity generation in part 12 for energy production on the basis of the detection signal related to the error of the residual amount, to stop the operation of power generation in part 12 for energy production, as well as to give information concerning the error of the residual, in the controller, included in the device, so that allows this information to the device user U. as a result, provided the ability to quickly detect abnormal conditions, such as fuel leak MP for energy generation from fuel unit 20 out of the system 301 power supply, and alert the user of The device to take appropriate action.

In addition, as described above, in accordance with the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, it is possible to control the flow of electricity, which can be predefined by applying excitation energy to the load, stopping power and control the amount of electricity generated in accordance with the SOS is the right of excitation (i.e. with information about the excitation load)characteristic load-N connected to a power supply system, and the residual amount of fuel MP for energy generation without fuel, etc. outside of a power system. Therefore, it is possible to create a system of power, which causes less harm to the environment, but provides a very high efficiency of energy conversion along with electrical characteristics that are essentially equivalent to the electrical characteristics of the chemical current source General purpose. Therefore, instead of the existing chemical current source that generates a lot of problems relating to the environment or the efficiency of energy use, you can distribute on the existing market current sources power supply system, corresponding to this option implementation. Although in this particular embodiment, the output voltage varies in accordance with a residual amount of fuel MP for energy production, the present invention is not limited to this implementation, and may change the electric current for the same purpose.

[Sixth variant implementation]

Next, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described a sixth option implementation module for energy production, CA is raising to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 66 presents a block diagram showing a sixth variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In the following text the same position denote elements equivalent to the elements mentioned in connection with the fifth embodiment, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

Description module 10G for energy corresponding to the fifth variant of the implementation described in relation to design, in which the MP fuel to generate electricity, used in part 11 of subunit power is emitted directly to the outside of the system 301 power supply in the form of gas produced or collected using the collection side of the product. However, 10H in module to generate the energy corresponding to this variant implementation, when the mode of generation of part 11 of subunit power causes a change in fuel components MP for energy production, or when the specified component of the fuel is maintained even if the work causes a change in components, the MP fuel to generate the energy used in part 11 of subunit power, directly re-used as fuel for energy production in part 12 for energy production or use is conducted again after the selection of a given fuel component.

In particular, as shown in Fig. 66 module 10H for energy in accordance with this embodiment includes: part 11 sub power supply part 12 for energy generation, part 13 that controls the operation part 14, a management issue, part 15, a control run, and the part 16 for detecting the residual amount, which have structures and functions similar structures and functions in the fifth embodiment (see Fig. 63); in particular, the configuration module to generate the energy that fuels for energy generation (produced gas)used to generate electricity in part 11 of subunit power, or portion of this fuel can be fed in part 12 for producing energy through the portion 14, a management issue, not letting fuel out of the module 10H for energy production.

Part 11 of subunit power, applicable to this variant implementation is designed, configured to generate and issue a pre-defined electric power (second electric power) without using and conversion component of the fuel present in the fuel MP for energy supplied from the fuel block 20G through RBSU-part 30G (for example, this may be the device for energy generation, described in the second, third, fifth or seventh example design the tion with the description of the first variant of implementation), or design for the production of manufactured gas containing a component of fuel that can be used for mode of energy production in part 12 for energy production, even if the component is fuel present in the fuel MP for energy consumed and converted (that is, for example, in the device for energy generation, in the fourth or sixth example of the structure during the description of the first variant of implementation).

In addition, if as part of 12 for energy generation device used for energy production, shown in the design examples from the first to the sixth of the first variant implementation, the fuel quality MP for energy poured into the fuel tank 20G, fuel used substance, with Flammability or combustibility, for example, liquid fuel on the basis of alcohol such as methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol, liquefied fuel, representing a hydrocarbon, such as the simple dimethyl ether, isobutane, or gaseous fuel, such as gaseous the hydrogen.

Liquid fuel or liquefied fuel is a liquid that is filled in the fuel block 20G under certain conditions refills (temperature, pressure, and other). If this fuel is transferred into the pre-determined what certain environmental conditions, such as normal temperature, normal pressure, and others, at the time of filing in part 11 of subunit power, it is still possible evaporation and transformation in the fuel high-pressure gas. In addition, when the gaseous fuel filled in the fuel block 20G in a state of compression by a predetermined pressure, and then served in part 11 of subunit power, it becomes the fuel high-pressure gas in accordance with the filling pressure. Therefore, if such fuels MP for energy production, for example, after the generation of electric power (second electric power) through the use of energy of the fuel gas pressure in the part 11 of subunit power, can produce electric power (first electric power) in the part 12 to generate electricity through a chemical reaction, combustion reaction, etc. using gas produced from part 11 of the power supply.

[Seventh variant implementation]

Next, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described a seventh variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

In Fig. 67 presents a block diagram showing a seventh variant of the implementation of the module to generate the energy applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present and the attainment. In the following text the same position denote elements equivalent to the elements described in connection with the first embodiment, to simplify or omit their explanation.

Description of modules 10G and 10H for energy production, the respective fifth and sixth versions of the implementation described in relation to the case as part 11 of subunit power is applied designed for permanent Autonomous generate predetermined electric power (second electric power) by using the MP fuel for electricity generation supplied from the fuel block 20G. However, in the module to generate the energy corresponding to this variant of the implementation of part 11 of the sub power supply is designed specifically for permanent Autonomous production predefined electricity without using fuel MP for power generation charged in the fuel block 20G.

In particular, as shown in Fig. 67 module 10J for energy in accordance with this embodiment includes: part 12 for energy generation, part 13 that controls the operation part 14, a management issue, part 15, a control run, and the part 16 for detecting the residual amount, which have structures and functions similar design to the operations and functions of the fifth embodiment (see Fig. 63); in addition, the module 10J for energy generation is also provided with part 11 of the sub power supply intended for permanent Autonomous generate predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using MP fuel to generate electricity, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20.

As a concrete design part 11 subunit power, you can apply a design that uses a thermoelectric conversion based on the difference of temperatures in the environment of the system 301 power supply (power generation due to temperature difference), the design, which uses piezoelectric conversion based on the light energy received from outside the system 301 power supply (generation of energy via the photoelectric effect), and others.

<a Means for collecting any other by-product>

Next, with reference to the accompanying drawings, will be described the means for collecting any other by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system according to each of embodiments.

In Fig. 68 shows a block diagram showing an implementation option means to collect any other by-product, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. The following is Exte the same position represent the elements, equivalent to the elements described in connection with each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

In each embodiment, when the part 12 for energy production or part 11 of the power applied design (part for energy production or part of subunit power is shown in each example design), designed to generate a predetermined electric power through electrochemical reaction or combustion reaction using the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 20, sometimes in addition to energy generation, it is possible to manufacture products. Because these by-products may contain a substance that may cause environmental destruction, when it comes to the environment, or substance, which in some cases can be a factor causing incorrect operation of the device is connected to the power supply system, it is preferable to apply the design, provided the following means for collecting by-products, because the release of such products should be suppressed as much as possible.

As shown in Fig. 68, for example, the collection tool a by-product, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present and the acquisition, has the design, which, for example, in the module 10K for energy in this example is provided for separating portion 17 to collect all or part of the components of a by-product produced during the electricity generation part 12 to generate power, while the fuel block 20 T-part of the 30K have structures and functions similar structures and functions in each of the embodiments, and in the fuel unit 20K is provided being a byproduct of part 403, designed to keep from binding the collected by-product. Although below is a description of only one case in which there is a collection of by-product formed in the part 12 for energy production, it should be noted that this design can similarly be applied to part 11 of subunit power.

Separating the part 17 has a construction shown in each of embodiments. In part 12 for energy production (the following can be attributed to part 11 of the sub power), which, at least for devices that have connected the power system that generates electricity, which can be the energy of the excitation load (characterized by a voltage and an electric current through an electrochemical reaction using fuel MP is La energy, supplied from the fuel unit 20K separating portion 17 for collecting the separated by-product generated during energy production, or a specific component present in this side product, and supplies it to being a byproduct of part 403 provided in the fuel unit 20K, through the channel of the collecting side of the product in COMP-parts 30K.

In part 12 for energy production (the following can be attributed to part 11 of the sub power), which is applicable to each example design, a byproduct produced during electricity generation is water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOxand other products, and separating part 17 collects all of them or part of them or only the specified component and submits to the channel collection byproduct. If the collected by-product is in a liquid state, you can use the phenomenon of capillarity for automatic feed by-product from the separating portion 17 being a byproduct of part 403, for example, through the formation of such a channel collection by-product, which may continuously change in internal diameter.

Being a byproduct of part 403 is made in the form of an internal element of the fuel unit 20K or its internal parts. Part 21 to hold the assembled side p is oduct given configuration, providing the possibility of filing and retention by-product collected separating part 17 only when the fuel unit 20K is connected to the module 10K for energy production. That is, in the power supply system configuration which enables connection of the fuel unit 20K module 10K for energy production and disconnecting this unit from the module without any restrictions, in case of disconnection of the fuel unit 20K from module 10K for energy that is collected and held by-product or a specific component can be held by linking or irreversibly to keep in being a byproduct of part 403 in such a way that this byproduct or specified component cannot follow, or get out of the fuel unit 20K.

It should be noted that in cases where the production of energy in the part 12 to produce energy as a by-product is water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOxand/or sulfur dioxide (SOx), as water (H2O) is in a liquid state at ordinary temperature and at ordinary pressure, water can serve being a byproduct of part 403 through the channel of collecting by-product. However, in the case of a by-product, the evaporation temperature below the normal temperature under normal pressure the AI and which is in a gaseous state and is a nitric oxide (NO x) or sulfur dioxide (SOx), the cubic volume of this by-product may increase and exceed a preset capacity being a byproduct of part 403. Consequently, it is possible to provide a construction in which the collected by-product liquefies, and its cubic volume is reduced so that this by-product can be kept in being by-product of part 403 by increasing the air pressure in the separating portion 17 and being a byproduct of part 403.

Consequently, the design being a byproduct of part 403, you can apply a design made with the possibility, for example, irreversible absorb simultaneous absorption and binding, or binding of the collected by-product or a given component, for example, a construction in which being a byproduct of part 403 is filled with an absorbent polymer, or design, including means to prevent leakage of the collected material, such as a control valve that is closed under the action of the internal pressure of the filled byproduct part 403 or physical pressure springs and other similar means to prevent leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20.

In the system the power supply is, provided with a means of collecting a by-product of having such a construction, when applied as part of a 12 to generate the energy of such a fuel cell, providing the fuel reformer, as shown in Fig. 26, carbon dioxide (CO2)generated along with gaseous hydrogen (H2in accordance with the steam reforming reaction, the reaction conversion of water gas and the selected oxidation reaction (see chemical equations (1)-(3)) part 210A for fuel reforming, and water (H2O)generated during power generation (first generation) in accordance with an electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (6) and (7)), are produced as by-products of the part 12 to generate energy. However, because it is unlikely that carbon dioxide (CO2) has any effect on the device, it comes out of the power supply system as uncollectible substances. On the other hand, water (H2O), etc. is collected in the separating portion 17, served in being a byproduct of part 403 in the fuel unit 20K through the channel of collecting by-product of using the phenomenon of capillarity, and reversible kept being a byproduct of part 403. In this case, since the electrochemical reaction (see chemical equation 2) and (3)in section 12 for energy generation (fuel cell) occurs at a temperature of approximately 60-80° With water (H2O)formed in the part 12 to generate the energy produced essentially in the vapor (gaseous) state. Thus, the separating part 17 Sziget only water (H2O) component, for example, by cooling the steam produced from the part 12 to generate power, or by application of pressure, and separates it from the other gaseous components, collecting thus this component.

In this embodiment, description is given with reference to the occasion when the design part 12 to generate the energy used fuel element, providing the fuel reformer and the fuel to generate the energy used methyl alcohol (CH3IT). Therefore, the separation and collection of the specified component (namely, water) in the separating portion 17 for collecting can be done relatively simply, when a greater number of by-product formed during energy production, represents water (H2About), and out of the supply system also produced a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2). However, when as fuel for energy production is used a substance other than methyl alcohol, or when the part 12 to generate the energy used design that is different from the fuel cell, n is which cases, the formation of relatively large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO 2), nitrogen dioxide (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SOx) etc. along with water (H2O).

In this case, after the separation, for example, water in the form of fluid from any other gaseous components (carbon dioxide, and the like)formed in large quantities in the separating portion 17 by way of separating these components can be held together or separately in one or multiple parts 21 to hold the collected by-product, provided in the fuel unit 20E.

As described above, according to the power supply system that uses a collection tool a by-product in accordance with this particular embodiment, because the release or leakage by-product out of the supply system can be suppressed by irreversible holding part 21 for collecting by-product, provided in the fuel unit 20E, at least one component a by-product generated during the electricity generation module 10E for energy production, it is possible to prevent incorrect operation or deterioration of the device under the influence of by-product (e.g., water). In addition, by collecting in the fuel unit 20E held therein by-product, this by-product can be processed in a proper way, which is th not have a negative impact on the environment, thereby preventing environmental pollution or global warming due to the impact of by-product (e.g., carbon dioxide).

A by-product collected by collection method after separation, irreversibly retained in part to hold the assembled product by working in the hold described with reference to Fig. 48A-48S.

<a Means for stabilizing fuel>

Next, with reference to the drawings, will be described the means for stabilizing fuel, applicable to the power supply system according to each of embodiments.

In Fig. 69 presents a block diagram showing an implementation option means to stabilize the fuel, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In this case, the same positions are marked elements equivalent to elements in each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 69, when the module 10L for energy, fuel block 20L T-part 30L having a construction and function similar structures and functions in each of the embodiments, the means for stabilizing the fuel applied to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention has a construction in which either T-piece 30L, or in the fuel block 20L (in this example, in the fuel block 20L), provided for managing the supply valve 25, which detects the state of refills (i.e. such as temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel to generate the energy charged in the fuel unit 20L, and stops the fuel supply MP for energy generation from fuel block 20L module 10L for energy generation (part 11 of subunit power and the part 12 to generate power when the state of refills exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and a control pressure valve 26, which detects the state of refills (i.e. such as temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel for power generation in the fuel unit 20L and controls the state of the refills, bringing it to a predefined stable condition.

Managing the supply valve 25 is automatically driven when the temperature of the fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20L, increases so that it exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and turns off the fuel supply MP for energy in the fuel supply pipes. Specifically, it is possible to apply control valve, which closes when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases in what liczenie fuel temperature MP for energy production.

However, it should be noted that the control pressure valve 26 is automatically driven when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases so that it exceeds a predetermined threshold value, with increasing fuel temperature MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20L, and this valve reduces the pressure in the fuel block 20L. Moreover, it is possible to apply the relief valve pressure release valve, which opens when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases.

As a result, for example, if the power supply system connected to the device, then, when the temperature or the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases, for example, due to heat generation caused by electricity generation in the module 10L for energy production or implementation excitation load device automatically executes the operation stop of the fuel supply MP for energy production or operation of pressure relief, resulting in stabilization of refueling MP for energy production.

However, throughout the work as a whole system power supply (Fig. 64), in the case of work in the run mode supply system, part 13 controls the work in advance refers to the status of the UE is allaudio supply valve 25, namely, the condition of the fuel supply MP for energy generation from fuel unit 20L, concludes that properly serves the MP fuel for energy, and then carries out the necessary work. In this case, regardless of the mode stabilize the refueling MP for energy, means for stabilizing the fuel (in particular, managing the pressure valve 26) detects the disconnection of the fuel supply MP for energy generation, part 13 controls the work, gives the controller, included in the device, information regarding errors refueling MP for energy production, and informs the user of the device In this error.

In addition, throughout the work as a whole system power supply (Fig. 64), in the case of a continuing, steady state (i.e. the implementation of the feedback control system power supply, part 13 controls the work, consistently refers to the status of the work of managing the supply valve 25, namely, to the state of the fuel supply MP for energy generation from fuel block 20L. Then, if, regardless of the mode stabilize the refueling MP for energy, means for stabilizing the fuel (in particular, managing the pressure valve 26) detects the shutoff of t is Pliva MP for energy or if the information about the excitation of the load is taken by a sudden drop in energy excitation load, supplied to the device, the part 13 controls the work gives information concerning errors refueling MP for energy production, in the controller, included in the device, and informs the user of the device In this error.

In the result, it is possible to create a system power supply that has a high reliability and quickly detects the occurrence of deterioration due to error conditions refills (temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel for power generation in the fuel unit 20L, as well as working errors (for example, defect output voltage) module 10L for energy, or fuel leaks MP for energy generation from fuel block 20L out of the system 301 power supply, and ensures the protection of the MP fuel for energy production, with Flammability.

Next, with reference to the drawings will be described further means for stabilizing the fuel used for the power system in accordance with each of the embodiments.

In Fig. 70 presents a block diagram showing an implementation option means to stabilize the fuel, which is applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention. In addition, in Fig. 71 presents an image illustrating the operation of the starting system electric is power in accordance with this embodiment, a in Fig. 72 presents an image illustrating the operation in the stop mode of the power system in accordance with this embodiment. Similarly, options for the implementation of the second, third, fourth, although the following description is given with reference to the case in which the transmission of predetermined information between the system power supply and the device, which are connected in this power supply system, it is possible to use a construction in which between the system power supply and the device is not a special transmission of the information (see structure relating to the first variant of implementation). In addition, the same positions are marked elements equivalent to elements in each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 70, when the module 10 to produce energy, fuel block 20L T-part 30L having a construction and function similar structures and functions in each of the embodiments, the means for stabilizing fuel, applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention has a construction in which either T-piece 30L, either in the fuel block 20L (in this example, in the fuel block 20L), provided Executive is acai valve 25, which detects the state of refills (i.e. such as temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel to generate the energy charged in the fuel unit 20L, and stops the fuel supply MP for energy generation from fuel block 20L module 10L for energy generation (part 11 of subunit power and the part 12 to generate power when the state of refills exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and a control pressure valve 26, which detects the state of refills (i.e. such as temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel for energy production in fuel unit 20L and controls the state of the refills, bringing it to a predefined stable condition.

Managing the supply valve 25 is automatically driven when the temperature of the fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20L, increases so that it exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and turns off the fuel supply MP for energy in the fuel supply pipes. Thus, it is possible to apply control valve, which closes when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases with increasing fuel temperature MP for energy production.

Managing pressure valve 26 automatically the Eski is actuated, when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases so that it exceeds a predetermined threshold value, with increasing fuel temperature MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20L, and this valve reduces the pressure in the fuel block 20L. Thus, it is possible to apply the relief valve pressure release valve, which opens when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases.

As a result, for example, if the power supply system connected to the device, then, when the temperature or the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases, for example, due to heat generation caused by the power generation module 10 to generate energy or stimulation exercise load device automatically executes the operation stop of the fuel supply MP for energy production or operation of pressure relief, resulting in stabilization of refueling MP for energy production.

In the power supply system having such a construction, basically, you can apply the operation, the equivalent operation in the second embodiment (including the case in which, essentially, is run in parallel the operation in the first embodiment). In addition to this is, perhaps the following the operation, which is characteristic of this variant implementation.

If run mode run throughout the work as a whole (see Fig. 27 and 34), described in connection with the first or second embodiment, when the part 13 controls the work, detects a change in the voltage of electricity excitation load with part 16, operatively controlling the voltage, or when the part 13 controls the work, receives information about the excitation of the load from the controller, included in The device that requests the power supply, this part 13 controls the work, refers to the operating state of the control supply valve 25, namely, to the state of the fuel supply MP for energy generation from fuel unit 20L, before carrying out work mode of issuance in part 15 that controls the startup control signal designed to run part 12 for energy generation (steps A or E), and concludes whether normal refueling MP for energy production (in other words, is it possible to apply the MP fuel for energy generation in the part 12 to generate power).

On the basis of the operating state of the control supply valve 25, when the part 13 controls the work, determines that the status of the refueling MP d the I energy production is normal and you can bring fuel to generate energy in the part 12 to generate power, this part 13 controls the work, performs the work in the run mode (steps A-E or A-E)described in connection with the first or second embodiment, and supplies the predetermined supply electricity to the unit U.

As shown in Fig. 71, on the basis of the operating state of the control supply valve 25, when the part 13 controls the work, determines that the status of the refueling MP for energy production is abnormal and the fuel supply MP for energy in the part 12 for energy generation is disabled (i.e. when an error is detected refills)this part 13 controls the work, passes through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads in the controller To, in the device, the error signal start, based on the error refills, as information on the mode of energy production.

If the performance in steady state during the whole work in General (see Fig. 27 and 34), described in connection with the first or second embodiment), part 13 controls the work, consistently monitor the operational state of the control feed valve 25 during the feedback control of electricity excitation load. Then, as shown in Fig. 72, when the part 13 that controls the operation encounters an error condition refueling MP expressed for ODI energy regardless of the mode of pressure relief (mode stabilization by means of the control pressure valve 26 to stabilize the refueling MP for energy generation in the fuel block 20L, this part 13 controls the work, turns off the supply of fuel for energy production in the part 12 to generate the energy producing part 14, a management issue, signal control, designed to stop the mode of generation of the part 12 to generate energy, and stops the operation of power generation in part 12 for energy. Part 13 controls the work, also stops the heating by the heater for carrying out an endothermic reaction to produce hydrogen and passes through a portion of ALH containing electrical leads in the controller To, in the device, the error signal stop, based on the error refills or cease operation part 12 to generate energy, as information on the mode of energy production.

In the result, it is possible to prevent, for example, deterioration of the fuel MP for energy production due to error conditions refills (temperature, pressure, and other) the MP fuel for power generation in the fuel unit 20L, as well as working errors (for example, defect output voltage) module 10M for energy or fuel leaks MP for energy generation from fuel block 20L out of the system 301 power supply. In addition, it is possible to transmit to the user device From the information, concerning errors refills and prescriptive measures, such as improving the environment in which you use the device, or replace the power supply system. Consequently, it is possible to develop a very reliable power supply system, which ensures safety of the MP fuel for energy production, with Flammability.

Regarding the means for collecting by-product, means for detecting the residual amount of and means for stabilizing the fuel it should be noted that, although the description is given with reference to the case where these funds are separately applied to the foregoing embodiments, the present invention is not limited to this implementation. Therefore, these funds may be properly selected, and you can use them in any combination during operation. In line with this, there is the possibility of additional improvements, for example, when the load on the environment generated by the power supply system corresponding to the present invention, the efficiency of energy conversion, efficiency, conformity, security, and others.

<External form>

Next, with reference to the drawings, provides a description of the external forms applicable to the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

The piano is, 73A-73F presents images showing the external form, applicable to the power supply system corresponding to the present invention, and Fig. A-C presents images showing the external form, applicable to the power supply system corresponding to the present invention, and the ratio of matching between such external forms and external forms of the chemical current source General purpose.

In the power supply system having the structure, respectively, is shown, for example, in Fig. 73A-73F, external form in the case of the connection of the fuel block 20 with the module 10 to generate energy through RBSU-part 30 or execution of these elements as a whole is such that it complies with this external form and dimensions of any of all sources 41, 42 and 43 supply, designed for use in heavy duty as chemical power sources that meet the requirements APS or international standards, or have a special form sources 44, 45 and 46 current (non-circular current sources), in accordance with the standards of these current sources. In addition, the external form given to such a configuration, in which by means of the conclusions of the positive (+) and negative (-) electrodes, which are characteristic for each of the forms depicted current sources, it is possible to realize the issuance of the elect is energii (first and second generation), produced by part 11 of the sub power supply or part 12 for energy.

In this case, the output of the positive electrode is connected to the upper part of the module 10 to generate energy, while the negative electrode is connected to the fuel unit 20, and the output of the negative electrode is connected to the module 10 to generate energy through the wires, although it is not shown. In addition, you can provide part of ALH containing electrical leads, wrapped around the module 10 to generate power on the side of his part in zonal form. If The device is placed, the system 301 power supply, the internal controller To and part of ALH containing electrical leads, automatically connect to each other, thus obtaining information about the excitation load. This part of ALH containing electrical leads are isolated from the positive electrode and the negative electrode.

In particular, for example, when the fuel cell unit 20 and the module 10 to generate power are connected to each other, some for energy production, as the use of a fuel cell (see Fig. 19), has such a construction in which the fuel electrode 211 part 211b of the fuel element is electrically connected to the output of the negative electrode and the air electrode 212 is electrically connected with in what Bodom positive electrode. Further, in the structure in which the motors internal and external combustion engines, such as gas turbine internal combustion engines or rotary-piston engine combined with an electric generator, which uses electromagnetic induction and the like (see Fig. 21-23), or in part, for energy, for which the applied electric generator, which is based on the temperature difference, or MHD generator (see Fig. 24 and 25), provided the structure in which the output of each generator is electrically connected to the terminal of the positive electrode and the negative electrode.

In this case, all sources 41, 42 and 43 current motors are designed for heavy duty and can represent, for example, industrial supply manganese dry cell, alkaline dry cell, Nickel-cadmium element lithium the element, and others, and have the external form, for example, a cylindrical type (cylindrical type: Fig. 73A), which is found in many devices, push-button type (Fig. V), which is used in watches and other products, an oversized coin cell type (Fig. 73S), which is used in photo - and the film equipment, electronic notebooks and other products, etc.

On the other, non-circular sources 44, 45 and 46 current have the external form, which is a special form (Fig. 73D), which bit is nativesa individually in accordance with the form of the device in use, for example, a compact camera or a digital videocamera, angular shape (Fig. E)corresponding to the smaller side or the thickness of the portable acoustic products or mobile phone, or a flat shape (Fig. 73F), etc.

Each design module 10 to generate the energy to be installed in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment, it can be implemented in the form of a chip with dimensions of the order of millimeters or micrometers or microstroke by applying the technology of micro machines. In addition, using a fuel cell, turbine, operating on gaseous fuel, etc. with the possibility of realizing high efficiency of energy use, as part of 12 for power generation module 10 to generate the energy can be reduced to a relatively small value, the quantity of fuel to generate the energy necessary for the implementation of battery capacity equivalent to the capacity (or excess capacity) existing chemical current source.

In the power supply system corresponding to this particular variant implementation, you can use the shape of the existing power source. For example, as shown in Fig. A and B, it is possible to provide a construction in which, when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10 to generate energy is or where they are made as a single unit, external size (for example, the length La and the diameter Da) will correspond to the size of the external form (for example, the length Lp and the diameter Dp) of such chemical source 47 current General purpose, as shown in Fig. S.

In Fig. A-S only conceptually shows the relationship between the attachable and detachable structure of the supply system corresponding to the present invention (the relationship of the connection) and the form of appearance, but this does not take into account the specific design of the electrodes and other elements. The relationship between the attachable and detachable structure of the module 10 to generate power and fuel block 20 and the electrode construction in the case when the power supply system corresponding to the present invention, is shaped in the form of each individual current source will be described in more detail in connection with the embodiment discussed below.

In addition, each of the depicted external form displays only example of industrial supply chemical current source that meets the standards of Japan or made with the possibility of connecting to any device and is sold wholesale or retail. Shows just some of the examples of the structures to which the present invention is applicable. That is, it is quite possible external forms applicable to the system & rsquo; s what I in accordance with the present invention and differing from the specific examples. For example, such external forms coincide with the external forms of chemical current sources, which are already sold wholesale or retail around the world, or chemical current sources, which will be implemented in practical operation in the future, while their external forms can be designed to ensure compliance with the electrical characteristic.

Next, with reference to the drawings, provides a detailed description of the relationship between the attachable and detachable structure of the module 10 to generate power and fuel block 20 and the electrode construction in the case when each form a current source is used to supply system corresponding to the present invention.

(The first version of the implementation linkable

and detachable design)

In Fig. 75A-75D and Fig. E-N presents images showing the external shape of the fuel unit and part of the holder in the power supply system corresponding to the first variant implementation of the present invention, on the top, front, sides and rear. In Fig. 76A and B presents images showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation. In the following text, the same position is given for e is of the elements, identical to the corresponding elements in each of the embodiments, which allows to simplify or omit their explanation.

As shown in Fig. 75A-75D and Fig. E-N, the power supply system attached to such a configuration, in which it includes: a fuel cell unit 51 (corresponding to the fuel block 20), in which the fuel for power generation charged in the pre-defined conditions, and the part of the holder 52, which functions as the module 10 to generate power and RESISTANCE-part 30 and which is connected with the possibility of separation of the fuel block. In this case, when the fuel unit 51 is a transparent, biodegradable polymer case, in which the fuel uplift MP and which is not used, the periphery of this housing is covered with a packaging material 53 to protect against present and degrades such factors as bacteria. Moreover, in the case of connecting the fuel block 51, as will be explained below, you may need to peel the packing material 53. In addition, because the fuel unit 51 is a transparent case with embossed on it the calibration s, it is possible to ascertain the residual amount of available fuel.

Part 52 of the holder attached to such a configuration, in which it mainly includes: part 52a to produce energy, to the Torah enclosed module 10 for generating power and RESISTANCE-part 30, having a structure equivalent to the structure of each variant implementation, and a terminal EL(+) positive electrode; an opposite portion 52b to which a terminal EL(-) of the negative electrode; and a connecting part s, which electrically connects the portion 52a to generate energy from the opposite part 52b and electrically connects the portion 52a for energy output E(-) of the negative electrode. Penetrated space PR1, surrounded part 52a for energy production, the opposite part 52b and the connecting part C becomes the position of the accommodation when connected fuel block 51. Part 52 of the holder includes: a convex portion 52d, which has the elasticity of a spring, etc. around the contact portion of the opposite part 52b and has a hole in the center (see Fig. 76A); and the tube 416 for the supply of water intended for connecting hole convex part 52d channel 17A feed byproduct of the module 10 to generate energy. Since graduation 52h deposited on part 52 of the holder instead of the calibration s fuel unit 51, there is an opportunity to ensure that the residual quantity of fuel available. It should be noted that if the fitting is not transparent, then using the calibration 52h can easily provide visual control.

In systemelectrical, with this construction, as shown in Fig. 76A, about space PR1 formed part 52a for energy production, the opposite part 52b and the connecting part C, it should be noted that the hole 51A fuel (one end side), for which there is a valve 24A fuel fuel block 51, is introduced into contact with the portion 52 of the holder (the contact point called the reference point), using the fingers PL and PT2 to support the fuel block 51, which removed the packing material 53 and the other end side 51b of the fuel block 51 is turned and fitted with stops along the axis (see arrow C9 in the drawing). As a result, as shown in Fig. V, the lower part (the other end side) 51b of the fuel block 51 is put into contact with the opposite part 52b of the fuel block 41 and is enclosed in the space R1. At this point, the tube 411 fuel, which can be the supply channel of the fuel (Fig. 73), pushes down the valve 24A fuel supply, a position which locks the spring, and thereby disables the function of preventing the leakage of fuel with the fuel block 51. In addition, the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 51, is automatically sent to and served in the module 10 to generate energy due over ostogo tension in the capillary tube 52g (Fig. 73) and the tube 411 fuel. In Fig. V shown not used power supply system, for which you set the fuel block 51 and part 52 of the holder. This drawing shows that the periphery of the housing is covered with a packaging material 54 to protect against present and degrades such factors as bacteria. When this power supply system is used as a power source for a device, etc. may require the delamination of the packaging material 54. Moreover, if the part 11 of the sub power supply consumes fuel from the fuel block 51 and constantly generates electricity, as in the case of the fuel element of direct action and the like, for packaging material 54 may be provided with a hole 54A to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which is in close proximity to the module 10 to generate energy. If part 11 subunit power is not consumed by the fuel, what happens in the case of a capacitor and the like, it is not necessary to provide a hole 54A.

In this case, it should be noted that, when the fuel block 51 is enclosed in the space R1, and is connected with a part 52 of the holder, the configuration of the power system determines the external shape and dimensions essentially equivalent to the outer shape and dimensions of the cylindrical chemical current source General purpose (see Fig. 73A and S). In addition to t the th, it should also be noted that in the presence of the fuel block 51, usually placed in the space R1, it is preferable that the other end side 51b was pressed using reasonable efforts so that the hole 51A for supplying fuel from the fuel unit 51 can enter into contact and connected with the contact part of the opposite side 52b with necessary clamping forces to prevent accidental loss of the fuel block 51 of part 52 of the holder.

In particular, as shown in Fig. 76A and B, it is possible to apply the mechanism of adhesion between the concave part, which is designed to collect water and the like, the valve 24 to the inlet side of the product made on the other end side 51b of the fuel block 51, and the convex part 52d, with spring tension, etc. located around the contact portion of the opposite part 52b. At this point, the valve 24 to the inlet side of the product, pushing the convex part 52d, moves from the closed state to the open state and connected with a pipe 416 to supply water. Therefore, a by-product fed from the tube 416 for the supply of water can be collected in an elastic cylinder 23 for collection, provided in the fuel block 51.

As a result, as described when considering the whole work in General (see Fig. 27 and 34), part 11 subunit feed the Autonomous produced the working electric power (second electric power), and the working power is, at least in part 13, the control work, in the module 10 to generate energy. In addition, when the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, is connected to a predefined device, a certain amount of electricity generated by part 11 of the sub power is supplied as the excitation power (power controller) controller, included in the device, via the output E(+) positive electrode provided for the portion 52a for energy production, and through the output E(-) of the negative electrode is provided for the opposite part 52b (initial mode).

Therefore, it is possible to implement a fully compliant system power supply that is as easy to use as the chemical current source General purpose, has an external shape (a cylindrical shape in this example) and the size corresponding to or similar to the external shape and size of the chemical current source General purpose, and can supply electric power having the same or similar electrical characteristics. Therefore, electricity can be submitted as a working electric power to any device, such as any existing portable device, like the power supply is the power of the chemical current source General purpose.

In particular, in the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, when as a module for the generation of energy applied design, equipped with a fuel cell, and as the material of the fuel block 51, which is attached configuration, provide without any restrictions attaching to the part 52a for energy production or disconnecting from it, apply the material type biodegradable plastic is possible to realize a high efficiency of energy use with simultaneous suppression of harmful effects on the environment. Therefore, there is a possibility of problems associated with environmental issues and due to the ejection of an existing chemical current source to an open dump or dumping it in the ground or the lack of efficiency of energy use.

In addition, since according to the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, the space PR1-side part 52 of the holder in which to place the fuel block 51 has penetrated the form with two parts that have holes, you can easily insert the fuel block 51 in the portion 52 of the holder, grasping the opposite side of the fuel block 51 fingers PL and PT2, and you can display the fuel block 51 from to the beat with one of the two parts, with holes, pushing a fuel cell unit of the other of the two parts having apertures, thereby easily and safely removing the fuel block 51.

(The second variant implementation linkable and

detachable design)

In Fig. 77A-C presents images, conditionally showing the external shape of the fuel unit supply system corresponding to the second variant of implementation of the present invention, on the top, sides and back.

When the fuel unit 61 is a transparent, biodegradable polymer case, in which the fuel uplift MP and which is not used, the periphery of this housing is covered with a packing material 63 for protection from decomposing such factors as bacteria. Moreover, in the case of connecting the fuel block 61, as will be explained below, may require perforation of the packaging material 63 with peeling it from the fuel block 61. In addition, because the fuel unit 61 is a transparent case with embossed on it the calibration 61b, it is possible to ascertain the residual amount of available fuel.

In Fig. 77D-77G presents images, conditionally showing the external shape of the holder of the power system in accordance with the present invention on the top, back, and BTS is near, a in Fig. 78A and B presents images showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment. Since graduation 62d applied to the portion 62 of the holder, functioning as a module 10 for generating power and RESISTANCE-part 30, instead of the calibration 61b of the fuel unit 61, there is an opportunity to ensure that the residual quantity of fuel available. It should be noted that if the fitting is not transparent, then using the calibration 62d can easily provide visual control. In the following description will be simplified or omitted an explanation of the elements equivalent to elements of the embodiments. In Fig. V shows unused power supply system, for which you set the fuel block 61 and the portion 62 of the holder. Periphery power coated packing material 64 for protection from decomposing such factors as bacteria. When this power supply system is used as a power source for a device, etc. may require perforation of the packaging material 64. Moreover, if the part 11 of the sub power supply consumes fuel from the fuel block 61 and continuously generate electricity, as in the case of a fuel cell direct the th steps, etc., for packing material 64 may be provided with a hole 64A to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which is in close proximity to the module 10 to generate energy. If part 11 subunit power is not consumed by the fuel, what happens in the case of a capacitor and the like, it is not necessary to provide a hole 64A.

As shown in Fig. 77A-77G, the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation given such a configuration, in which it includes: a fuel cell unit 61, in which the fuel for power generation charged in the pre-defined conditions, and the portion 62 of the holder, which is attached configuration, providing the opportunity for connection with and disconnection from her fuel unit 61 without any restrictions. In this case, because the fuel unit 61 has a structure and function similar to its design and functions in each of the embodiments, the explanation is omitted.

Part 62 of the holder attached to such a configuration, in which it mainly includes: part a for energy production, which are enclosed in the module 10 to generate power and RESISTANCE-part 30 and to which a terminal EL(+) positive electrode; an opposite portion 62b to which a terminal EL(-) of the negative electrode; and soedinitelnaya s, which electrically connects the part a to generate energy from the opposite part 62b, and electrically connects the part a for energy output E(-) of the negative electrode. In this case, a concave space AC2, surrounded by the opposite part 62b and the connecting part C, represents the position of the accommodation when connected fuel block 61.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in Fig. 78A, it should be noted that, when the fuel block 61 is inserted in the space R2, formed part a for energy production, the opposite part 62b and the connecting part C (arrow C10 in the drawing), and the opening 61A to supply fuel to the fuel block 61, which removed the packing material 63, entered into contact with the fuel supply-side part a for energy production, there is a situation in which the fuel block 61 is enclosed in the space R2, as shown in Fig. V, and a function of preventing leakage of the fuel with the fuel block 61 is disabled. In addition, the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 61, is supplied to the module 10 to generate the energy included in part 62 to generate energy through the fuel supply pipes.

In this case, similarly to the first variant implementation, when fuels the block 61 is enclosed in the space R2 and is connected with the portion 62 of the holder, the configuration of the power system determines the external shape and dimensions essentially the same external shape and dimensions of the cylindrical chemical current source General purpose (see Fig. 73A and S). In addition, it should be noted that in the presence of the fuel block 61, usually placed in the space R2, to prevent accidental loss of the fuel block 61 of part 62 of the holder, it is necessary to provide a construction in which the external shape of the fuel block 61 is introduced into engagement with the inner form part 62 of the holder.

As a result, similarly to the first variant of implementation, it is possible to implement a fully compliant system power supply of the portable type, which is as easy to use as the chemical current source General purpose, has an external form and an electrical characteristic corresponding to or equivalent to the outer shape and the electrical characteristic of the chemical current source General purpose. In addition, through appropriate choice of the design of devices for energy generation, used as a module for energy production, or selection of the material of which do attachable and releasable fuel block, it is possible largely to eliminate the impact on the environment, as well as the possible solution to the problems that tie is the R with the environment and caused the ejection of an existing chemical current source to an open dump or dumping it in the ground or the lack of efficiency of energy use.

(A third option exercise linkable and

detachable design)

In Fig. 79A-C presents images, conditionally showing the external shape of the fuel power supply system in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention in front view, side view and back view, Fig. 79D-79F presents images, conditionally showing the external shape of the holder of the power system in accordance with the present invention on the top, front, sides and rear, and Fig. 80A-80C presents images showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment. In the following description, an explanation of the elements that are equivalent to the corresponding elements in the above-described specific embodiments, the implementation will be simplified or omitted.

As shown in Fig. 79A-79F, power system corresponding to this variant implementation, includes: fuel block 71, in which the fuel for power generation charged in the pre-defined conditions, and the portion 72 of the holder, which is attached configuration, providing the ability to accommodate a variety of fuel blocks 71. When the fuel block 71 represents transparent is the first biodegradable polymer case, in which the fuel uplift MP and which is not used, the periphery of the housing is covered with a packaging material 73 for protection from decomposing such factors as bacteria. In case of connection of the fuel block 71, as will be explained below, may require perforation and delamination of the packaging material 73 of the fuel block 71. Because the fuel unit 71 is a transparent body, and it made his graduation s, it is possible to ascertain the residual number of the fuel. In addition, if part 11 subunit power consumes fuel located in the fuel block 71 and is constantly producing energy, as in the case of a fuel cell with direct fuel injection and the like, and for packaging material 74 may be provided with a hole a to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which is in close proximity to the module 10 to generate energy. If part 11 subunit power is not consumed by the fuel, what happens in the case of a capacitor and the like, it is not necessary to provide a hole a.

Part 72 of the holder, functioning as a module 10 for generating power and RESISTANCE-part 30, attached to such a configuration, in which it mainly includes: part 72A to produce energy, which concluded the module 10 for generating power and for which, in addition to the conclude E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode, on the same end surface provided by the part of ALH containing electrical leads for transmitting and receiving information about the excitation of the load; transparent case 72b for occupancy, are designed so that between him and part 72A for energy property has event space AC3; and open and close the lid 72s, which allows you to place the fuel block 71 in space AC3 or remove this unit from this space, and presses and fixes the fuel block 71 is placed in the space AC3. Since graduation 72d applied to the body 72b to host instead of the calibration s fuel unit 71, there is an opportunity to ensure that the residual number of the fuel. In this case, an explanation of the elements similar to the elements of the embodiments will be simplified or omitted.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in Fig. 80A, it should be noted that, when the opening and closing cover 72s holder 72 is open and one surface side space AC3 opened, many of the fuel blocks 71 (in this example, two), with which the packaging material is removed 73, insert in the same direction, and then close open and close the lid 72s, as shown in Fig. 80V and 80C. As a result, fuel blocks 71 are RA is displaced in space AC3, and open and close lid 72s exerts pressure on the other end side 71b of the fuel blocks 71, thereby introducing hole 71A to supply fuel to the fuel block 71 in contact with the fuel supply (which is COOL-part not shown) on the side portion 72A for energy production. Therefore, a function of preventing leakage of the fuel with the fuel block 71, disabled, MP and fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 71, served in the module 10 to generate the energy included in part 72A for energy production, through the fuel supply pipes.

In this case, the configuration of the power system determines the external shape and dimensions essentially the same external shape and size of the chemical current source utility, which has a special form when fuel blocks 71 are enclosed in the space PRX3 and connected with a part 72 of the holder. In Fig. 80V and 80C shown not used power supply system, for which you set the fuel blocks 71 and part 72 of the holder. The periphery of the housing is covered with a packaging material 74 for protection from decomposing such factors as bacteria. If you use this power supply as a power source of any device, etc. may require perforation of the packaging material 74.

the result, similar to the first variant of implementation, it is possible to implement a fully compliant system power supply of the portable type, which has an external form and an electrical characteristic corresponding to or similar to the external shape and the electrical characteristics of the existing chemical current source. In addition, through appropriate choice of the design of devices for energy generation, used as a module for energy production, or selection of the material of which do attachable and releasable fuel block may largely suppressing the influence on the environment, as well as the possible solution to the problems associated with environmental issues and due to the ejection of an existing chemical current source to an open dump or dumping it in the ground or the lack of efficiency of energy use.

(A fourth option exercise attachable and detachable design)

In Fig. A-81s with the rendered image conditionally showing the external shape of the fuel power supply system in accordance with the fourth embodiment of the present invention in front view, side view and back view, Fig. 81D-81F of the rendered image conditionally showing the external shape of the holder C is theme of the power supply in accordance with the present invention on the top, front, sides and rear, and Fig. A-C presents images showing the attachable and detachable module design for energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this embodiment.

As shown in Fig. A-81F, the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation, given such a configuration, in which it includes: fuel block 81, in which the fuel for power generation charged in the pre-defined conditions, and the part 82 of the holder, which is attached configuration, providing the ability to accommodate a variety of fuel blocks 81. It should be noted that, when the fuel block 81 is a transparent biodegradable polymer case, in which the fuel uplift MP and which is not used, the periphery of the housing is covered with a packaging material 83 to protect from decomposing such factors as bacteria. In addition, in the case of connecting the fuel block 81, as will be explained below, may require perforation and delamination of the packaging material 83 of the fuel block 81. In addition, because the fuel unit 81 is a transparent body, and it made his graduation 81s with, it is possible to ascertain the residual number of the fuel. In addition, e is a part of the 11 subunits power consumes fuel, located in the fuel block 81, and is constantly producing energy, as in the case of a fuel cell with direct fuel injection and the like, for packaging material 84 may be provided with a hole a to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which is in close proximity to the module 10 to generate energy. If part 11 subunit power is not consumed by the fuel, what happens in the case of a capacitor and the like, it is not necessary to provide a hole a.

Part 82 of the holder, functioning as a module 10 for generating power and RESISTANCE-part 30, attached to such a configuration, in which it mainly includes: part a for energy production, enclosing module 10 for generating power and for which, in addition to the output E(+) of the positive electrode and the output E(-) of the negative electrode, on the same end surface provided by the part of ALH containing electrical leads for transmitting and receiving information about the excitation of the load; the opposite portion 82b having a surface opposite to the side to generate a energy; and a base part s for the connection part a to generate energy from the opposite part 82b. In this case, the space PR surrounded part a for energy production, the opposite part 82b and the base part s, represents the situation time is of edenia, when connected fuel block 81. Since graduation 82d applied to the portion 82 of the holder instead of the calibration 81s with the fuel block 81, there is an opportunity to ensure that the residual number of the fuel. It should be noted that if the base part is not transparent, then using the calibration 82d you can easily perform a visual inspection.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in Fig. A, it should be noted that, when the hole a fuel (one end side) of the fuel block 81 is introduced into contact with the fuel supply (which is COOL-part not shown) on the side part a for energy production, so that the contacting portion is defined as the reference point, while the other end side 81b of the fuel block 81 is rotated and with emphasis in the interior space P formed side part a for energy production, the opposite part 82b and the base part S (see arrow C11 in the drawing)as shown in Fig. 82B, the other end side 81b of the fuel block 81 is put into contact with the opposite part 82b and recorded, and many of the fuel blocks 81 are prisoners in space PR in the same direction. At this point, disables the function of preventing leakage of fuel, what toroi endowed fuel block 81, and the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 81, served in the module 10 to generate the energy included in part 82 to generate energy through the fuel supply pipes.

In this case, it should be noted that the configuration of the power system determines the external shape and dimensions essentially the same external shape and size, for example, chemical power source, which has a special form when fuel blocks 81 are placed in the space PR and is connected to the part 82 of the holder. In addition, it should be noted that in the presence of fuel blocks 81, usually placed in the space PR, provides the possibility of introducing holes a fuel into contact and connection with the fuel supply-side part a for energy production. In addition, to prevent accidental loss of the fuel blocks 81 of the part 82 of the holder, similar to the first variant implementation, the contact part between the other end side 81b of the fuel blocks 81 and the opposite part 82b given configuration, causing contact with an appropriate axial force.

As a result, it is possible to implement the system power supply, giving effects and have advantages, similar effects and advantages of each option assests the deposits.

In Fig. 82B and C shows unused power supply system, for which you set the fuel blocks 81 and the portion 82 of the holder. The periphery of the housing is covered with a packaging material 84 for protection from decomposing such factors as bacteria. In case of using power as a power source of any device, etc. may require perforation of the packaging material 84.

For each of the parts 62, 72 and 82 of the holder provided by the tube fuel supply, perform a function similar to the function of the tube 411 fuel supply, and each of these parts of the holder includes a channel collection by-product, similar to the tube 416 to supply water.

(Sample design)

Next, with reference to the drawings, will be described an example of the structure of the whole supply system, which is applicable to any of the embodiments (including each example design).

In Fig. 83 presents an image showing an example of the structure of the whole supply system in accordance with the present invention. In addition, in Fig. 84 presents an image showing an example of the design parts for the fuel reforming, which is applicable to this example of the system structure, and Fig. 85 presents an image showing another example of construction parts for the fuel is forming, which is applicable to this example system design. You must specify that in this case as part of the 11 subunits of the power required for a module to generate the energy used fuel cell with direct fuel injection, and as part of a 12 to generate the energy used fuel element, providing the fuel reformer. In addition, in the following description, references to each of the embodiments, and the same positions denote similar elements, which simplifies the description.

As shown in Fig. 83, the system 301 power corresponding to this example design, has a module 10 for generating power and fuel block 20 configuration that provides the connection to the module and detach from it by T-piece 30, as shown in Fig. 3, and as a whole has a cylindrical external shape shown in Fig. 73A or Fig. A-S. In addition, these elements (in particular, the module 10 to generate power) enclosed in a small space by using the technology of production of micromachines, and the like, and the power supply system attached configuration, providing external size, similar to the external size of the chemical current source General purpose.

Module 10 to generate power attached to such a configuration, in which he bases the om includes: part 210b of the fuel element, passing along the circumferential side surface of the cylindrical form; part H reactor for reforming (for the reaction of steam reforming), which has a flow channel of the fuel, depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and a heater for setting a predetermined temperature in the space available in the flow channel of the fuel in the cylindrical module 10 to generate power; a portion 210Y reactor for the conversion of water gas (for the reaction of conversion of water gas), which has a flow channel of the fuel, depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and a heater for setting a predetermined temperature in the available space in the flow channel of the fuel; part 210Z selected reactor for oxidation (for the selected oxidation reaction), which has a flow channel of the fuel, depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and a heater for installation to a predetermined temperature for the space available in the flow channel of the fuel; managing crystal 90, which is made in the form of chips, is enclosed in the module 10 to generate energy and has installed on it the part 13, the control work, and part 15, the control run, and so on; many holes (slits) for 14C air, which is rality from the cylindrical side surface of the module 10 to generate the energy to the air electrode 112 and 212 part 11 sub power) and section 12 for energy and through which the outside air; the separating portion 17, which Sziget (condenses) by-product (e.g., water)formed on the side of the air electrode 112 and 212, separates and collects this by-product; the channel 16A supply side product, which is designed to supply a certain amount of side product in part H for the reaction of steam reforming; an exhaust hole 14d, which are punched from the upper surface of the cylinder to the air electrode part 12 for energy and produces output module to generate energy, at least one by-product (e.g., carbon dioxide) as uncollectible material, which is formed on the side of the fuel electrode side for energy production or in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction; and part 11 of subunit power, although its description is omitted hereinafter. The quality of water required for the reaction in part H for the reaction of steam reforming and part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas is used, at least one of the water supplied through the canal side 17A of the product and formed part 210b of the fuel cell, and water present in the fuel MP located in the fuel block 20. In addition, output from the module 10 to generate energy through the exhaust is twistie 14d produced carbon dioxide, formed through each of the reaction taking place in parts H for the reaction of steam reforming, part 210Y for the reaction of conversion of water gas and part 210Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction.

You can also include a tube 415 for the supply of carbon dioxide instead of outlet openings 14d, as shown in Fig. 49-54, and to ensure the absorption of carbon dioxide in parts 404 to absorb carbon dioxide.

In this case, the device is particularly suitable for use as a power another device, for example, which can be connected in a confined space with the provision of such a degree of tightness that this space will not leak gas as a by-product is unable to exit the system power output.

Similar to the construction shown in Fig. 48, fuel block 20 (51, 61, 71, 81) given this configuration, in which he mainly includes: dress with fuel part 401, which is charged or filled MP fuel for energy production, intended for submission to the part 12 for energy production or part 11 of subunit power in accordance with the needs; being a byproduct of part 403 (part 21 to hold the collected by-product) by binding Ude is Jania it a by-product (water), collect separating part 17; valve 24A fuel supply (to avoid leakage), which is located on the border with the module 10 to generate energy and prevents fuel spillage MP for energy; and the valve 24V inlet side of the product (means of preventing leakage of collected material) to prevent leakage of the collected and held by-product collected material). In this case, the fuel block 20 is made of biodegradable plastic.

When the fuel block 20 having such a structure, connected to the module 10 for generating power and RESISTANCE-part 30, the tube 411 fuel supply applies pressure to the valve 24A of the fuel, the position of which is fixed a spring, and this turns off the function of preventing leakage with the fuel block 51. In addition, the MP fuel to generate the energy charged into the fuel block 51, is automatically fed into the module 10 to generate energy due to surface tension in a capillary tube 52g and the tube 411 fuel. In addition, when the fuel cell unit 20 is disconnected from the module 10 to generate power and RESISTANCE-part 30, the valve 24A of the fuel supply is closed again under the elastic effect of the spring, so again it becomes possible to prevent leakage of fuel MP for energy production.

T-piece 30 attached so the I configuration, in which it includes: the channel 31 of the fuel intended for the supply of fuel MP for energy charged into the fuel block 20, in the part 12 for energy production or part 11 of subunit power in accordance with the requirements; and the collection channel 32 a by-product intended for filing in the fuel block 20 all or part of the by-product (water), resulting in some cases in part 12 for energy production or part 11 of the sub power supply and collected by the separating portion 17.

Although it is not shown in Fig. 83, fuel block 20 or T-part 30 can be of a design which provides a means of detecting the residual quantity that is designed to detect the residual quantity of fuel MP for energy generation, dressed in a fuel cell unit 20, or a means of stabilizing the fuel that is designed to stabilize the refueling of fuel for energy production, as shown in Fig. 59 and 70.

Part H for the reaction of steam reforming, applicable to the power supply system corresponding to this example design has a configuration such as shown in Fig. 84, and includes: part a for production of fuel, part 202b to release the water, part a to evaporation of fuel, part 203b to the evaporation of water, the mixing part C, a flow channel 204 is La the reaction of the reformer, and the channel 205 of the release of gaseous hydrogen, and each of these elements is designed in such a way that has shaped groove and a predefined path on a flat surface on one surface side of the small substrate 201, for example, of silicon produced by the method of micromachining, such as the method of manufacturing a silicon chip. Part H for the reaction of steam reforming also includes a thin-film heater 206, which has an area corresponding to the area occupied flow channel 204 for carrying out the reforming reaction, and is, for example, on the other surface side of the small substrate 201.

Part a for production of fuel and part 202b to release the water have a mechanism to release the fluid, intended for production of fuel for energy production, which can serve as a raw material in the reaction of steam reforming, and water in a flow channel in the form of particles of a liquid in accordance with, for example, the predefined one. Therefore, because the control stages of the reaction of reforming described, for example, by chemical equation (3)based on the produced amount of fuel for energy production or produced amount of water in parts a for production of fuel and part 202b to release the water (in particular, with this control the population is also closely related to the amount of heat produced by thin-film heater 206), part a for production of fuel and part 202b to release the water have design, which is part of the function of regulation of supplied quantity of fuel in unit 14, the control issue (part 14a, fuel management).

Part a for fuel evaporation and part 203b to the evaporation of water heaters are carrying out heating under conditions of evaporation, for example, at the boiling temperature of each substance from substances such as fuel for energy and water, carry out the evaporation process, as shown in Fig. 20A, and the evaporated fuel for power generation or water produced from part a for production of fuel and part 202b to release the water in the form of particles of liquid by heat treatment or processing, providing low pressure, fuel for energy generation, and water, which formed as a result of a mixed gas obtained from the fuel gas and vapor in the mixing part s.

Thin-film heater 206 directs the mixed gas formed in the mixing section 203, a flow channel 204 for carrying out the reforming reaction and causes the reaction of steam reforming, shown in Fig. 20A occurring in accordance with the chemical equation (3) and based on the fact that on the surface of the inner wall proton the second channel 204 for the reaction of steam reforming is applied to ensure adhesion of the main copper-zinc (Cu-Zn) catalyst (not shown), and provide a supply of pre-defined thermal energy from the thin film heater 206 in the flow channel 204 for carrying out the reforming reaction, and this supply is carried out in accordance with the area within which is formed a flow channel 204 for carrying out the reforming reaction, which formed as a result of gaseous hydrogen (H2) (the reaction of steam reforming).

Part 205 to release hydrogen gas, produces hydrogen gas, which is formed in the channel 204 for carrying out the reforming reaction, and this part contains carbon monoxide and the like, removes carbon monoxide (CO) through a process of reaction the conversion of water gas and process the selected oxidation reaction in part 201Z for holding the selected oxidation reaction, and then delivers the received gas to the fuel electrode of the fuel element represents part 12 for energy. As a result, in part 12 for energy production is a series of chemical reactions based on chemical equations (6) and (7), which produced a predefined electricity.

In the power supply system having such a construction, for example, when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10 to generate energy through RBSU-part 30 in accordance with the operation of the system as a whole (i.e. work in the initial mode, operation in the run mode, the operation in steady mode and stop mode)performed by the valve 24A of a fuel feed means to prevent leakage) function prevent leakage disabled, MP and fuel to produce energy (e.g., methyl alcohol), dressed in refillable fuel portion 401 of the fuel block 20, is fed to the fuel electrode of the fuel battery, which directly represents the portion 11 of the sub power channel 31 of the fuel, resulting generates the second electric power. This power is part 13 that controls operation installed on the host crystal 90, as the working electric power, and also served as the excitation power to the controller, included in the device (not shown)with which the system 301 power supply is connected through the output of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, which is not shown.

When the part 13 controls the work, receives information about the excitation load N devices from the controller To this part 13 controls the work, gives a signal of the operation control part 15, the control run, and uses a fraction of electricity generated by part 11 of subunit power for heating the thin film on which rebates 206 part 210 for the reaction of steam reforming. In addition, part 13 controls the work, produces a pre-defined amount of water and fuel for energy generation in a flow channel 204 for the reaction of the reforming part H for the reaction of steam reforming. As a result, due to the steam reforming reaction and the oxidation reaction described by chemical equations (3)-(5), are formed gaseous hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)and gaseous hydrogen (H2) is fed to the fuel electrode of the fuel element represents part 12 for energy production, thereby generating the first electric power. This first electric power supplied to the load N devices as power excitation load. In addition, carbon dioxide (CO2) comes out of the module 10 to generate power (system 301 power supply), for example, through the exhaust hole 14d provided on the upper surface of the module 10 to generate power.

A gaseous product (gas, such as pairs)generated during operation of power generation in part 12 for energy production, is cooled and liquefied in the separating portion 17. Therefore, a by-product is separated into water and any other gas, and only water is collected and partially served by channel 16A supply side cont the KTA in part H for the reaction of steam reforming. In addition, any other water irreversibly retained in being a byproduct of part 403 in the fuel block 20, in doing up there in the channel 32 of the collecting side of the product.

Therefore, in accordance with the system 301 power related to this example design, can stand alone to give a suitable electric power (first electric power)corresponding to the state of excitation induced loads (devices), without re-fuel on the outside of the system 301 power supply, and operation of energy production can be easily performed with high energy conversion efficiency, while ensuring electrical characteristics similar to the electrical characteristic of the chemical current source General purpose. Moreover, it is possible to perform power portable type, which causes less harm to the environment, at least in the case of ejection of the fuel unit 20 to an open dump or dumping it in the ground.

In this example design, the description is given with reference to the case where some amount of by-product (water), formed or assembled in part 12 for energy generation, part H for the reaction of steam reforming, and the like, served in part C for the reaction of the steam reforming and re-used, and the water is filled in the fuel unit 20, together with the fuel for energy production (methyl alcohol and the like) used for the reaction of steam reforming in part H for the reaction of steam reforming in the power supply system, for which this construction is not used.

If the mode of energy production through the use of fuel for energy production, which pre-mixed water, then, as shown in Fig. 85 as part design H for the reaction of steam reforming is possible to use a construction in which there is a single flow channel, consisting only of part 202 to release fuel, part 203 for evaporation of the fuel flow channel 204 for the reaction of reforming and part 205 to release hydrogen gas, which are all located on one surface side of the small substrate 201.

As described above, the power supply system corresponding to the present invention can be executed by an arbitrary Association of elements described in the examples, structures, modules for energy generation, referred to in the respective embodiments, implementation, and attachable and detachable designs, referred to in the relevant versions of the implementation. In some cases, can provide m is these, or parts of subunits power, or parts for energy, operating in parallel, or you can provide many types such parts running in parallel. Because the control of excitation part for energy production is carried out by means of this design is in accordance with the status of the device, it is possible to avoid useless consumption of fuel for energy production and to improve the efficiency of energy resource. In particular, the present invention can for a long time to apply for a portable device, for which the source power is applied replaceable power source to a common destination, and this device can be, for example, a mobile phone, personal digital assistant (PDB), a personal computer size laptop, digital camcorder, digital videocamera, and the like, or a display unit such as a liquid crystal element, an electroluminescent element, and others.

1. A device for removing by-products containing charged absorbent part in the fuel block, selectively absorbing carbon dioxide contained in the first gas comprising hydrogen and carbon dioxide supplied from module to generate the energy for reforming fuel to generate energy in the first gas and to generate electrical energy from hydrogen while being absorbent part supply of a second gas, the concentration of carbon dioxide which is reduced due to absorption in the module for power generation, and fuel refill unit includes a fuel portion, having tucked into fuel for energy, representing the liquid or gas containing hydrogen.

2. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, in which the capacity of the charged absorbent part increases as the absorption of carbon dioxide.

3. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, in which the charged absorbent part contains calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide.

4. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, in which the charged absorbent portion includes a portion to absorb carbon dioxide, providing the absorption of carbon dioxide in the first gas, and a part of the collection of calcium carbonate containing calcium carbonate, formed in part to absorb carbon dioxide.

5. A device for removing by-products according to claim 4, in which the part to absorb the carbon dioxide supply to the part of the collection of calcium carbonate calcium carbonate formed as absorb carbon dioxide.

6. A device for removing by-products according to claim 4, in which the part to absorb carbon dioxide contains calcium oxide or g is droxia calcium.

7. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, in which the charged absorbent portion includes a portion to absorb carbon dioxide, providing the absorption of carbon dioxide in the first gas, part of the collection of calcium carbonate, collecting the calcium carbonate formed in part to absorb carbon dioxide and a portion to absorb water, water absorbent, formed in part to absorb carbon dioxide.

8. A device for removing by-products according to claim 7, in which the part to absorb water supply to the part to absorb carbon dioxide calcium hydroxide formed as absorb water.

9. A device for removing by-products of claim 8, in which the part to absorb the carbon dioxide supply to the part of the collection of calcium carbonate calcium carbonate formed as absorb carbon dioxide.

10. A device for removing by-products according to claim 7, in which the part to absorb water contains calcium oxide.

11. A device for removing by-products according to claim 7, in which the part to absorb carbon dioxide contains calcium hydroxide.

12. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, in which the reforming reaction in the module for generating power includes erwou reaction, in which produces hydrogen gas from the fuel to generate energy, and the second reaction, in which there is a conversion of carbon monoxide, which is a by-product generated together with hydrogen in a first reaction, carbon dioxide, and filled with absorbent portion is configured to absorb carbon dioxide, which is formed by the second reaction.

13. A device for removing by-products of claim 1, wherein the module for energy production has, at least, the part for the reaction of steam reforming fuel to generate energy in the first gas comprising carbon monoxide, the reaction conversion of water vapor to form carbon dioxide from the carbon monoxide in the first gas and the portion for holding the selected oxidation reaction for the formation of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, which is not reacted in part to the reaction of conversion of water vapor.

14. A device for removing by-products of claim 1, wherein the module for energy production has a part for the reaction of steam reforming and partial for the reaction of conversion of water gas, and filled with absorbent part is connected with a part for the reaction of steam reforming and part for the reaction of conversion of water gas.

15. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, which further includes a portion for collecting water, which is made with the possibility of selective collection of at least water from substances, which are products of the module for energy production and produced from it.

16. A device for removing by-products indicated in paragraph 15, in which the module for generating power includes a portion for collecting water, which is made with the possibility of selective collection of at least water from substances, which are products of the education electric power module for energy production and produced from it, and filled the fuel part of the charged absorbent part and the part for collecting water separated from each other.

17. A device for removing by-products according to claim 1, which further includes a conduit for supply of the first gas supplied from module to generate power in the fuel block, and the channel for supplying the second gas supplied from the charged absorbent part in the module for energy production.

18. A device for removing by-products of claim 1, wherein the module for energy leads to the formation of the first gas from the fuel for energy generation and absorption of heat, and filled with absorbent part in the fuel unit provides heat in part for reforming, etc is than supplied heat is generated by absorption of carbon dioxide-charged absorbent part.

19. Fuel block which is connected with the module for energy production, including refillable fuel part, which contains the fuel, supplied in part for reforming module to generate the energy containing part to absorb carbon dioxide, which ensures the absorption of carbon dioxide generated in part for reforming module for energy production, the capacity of which increases as the formation of carbon dioxide in parts for reforming.

20. Fuel block which is connected with the module for energy production, including refillable fuel part, which contains the fuel, supplied in part for reforming module for energy, and some for reforming the formation of a mixed gas containing hydrogen and the first by-product from the fuel module to generate the energy containing part to absorb the first side of the product, which ensures the formation of the second side of the product by absorption of the first by-product from a mixed gas, the capacity of which increases as the formation of the first by-product of the reforming unit, and the part to absorb the second side of the product, which ensures the absorption of the second by-product in the mixture comprising hydrogen and a second pomocnych, supplied from the part to absorb the first side of the product.

21. Fuel cell unit according to claim 20, which further comprises a part to absorb the third side of the product, which ensures the absorption of the third by-product of the fuel cell, which leads to the formation of the third side of the product as energy generation using hydrogen supplied from the part to absorb the second side of the product.

22. Fuel cell unit according to claim 20, in which the part to absorb the first side of the product and the part to absorb the second side of the product are connected to each other, and the part to absorb the third by-product is separated from the part to absorb the first side of the product and parts to absorb the second side of the product.

23. Fuel block which is connected with the module for energy production, including refillable fuel part, which contains the fuel, supplied in part for reforming, and some for reforming the formation of the mixed gas in the module for energy, containing the first part to absorb the first side of the product, which ensures the absorption of the first by-product from a mixed gas, the capacity of which increases as the formation of the first side is the product in part for reforming, and the second part to absorb the second side of the product, which provides for the collection of the second by-product from the module to generate energy, which generates power by using the hydrogen supplied from the first part to absorb the first side of the product, and the capacity of the second part to absorb the second side of the product increases as energy generation module to generate energy.

24. A device for removing by-products in the module to generate the energy for the generation of energy from hydrogen, comprising part of the reformer, which converts fuel to generate energy in the first gas containing hydrogen and carbon dioxide containing charged absorbent portion, selectively absorbing carbon dioxide in the first gas, which is made with the possibility of connection to the fuel block, having dressed him in the fuel, and detach from the last.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: dc power supplies and dc power systems operating on hydrogen and oxygen.

SUBSTANCE: novelty is that method includes electrical installation starting and running under steady state conditions involving evaporation of liquid methanol and water, production of hydrogen and carbonic acid as result of chemical reaction between methanol and water vapors followed by chemical reaction between produced hydrogen and oxygen to generate water vapors and heat, and water and carbonic acid discharge to environment. When installation is running under steady state conditions, liquid methanol is evaporated due to its thermal chemical reaction with hydrogen and oxygen compound in electrochemical generator and water vapors produced as result of this chemical reaction are conveyed for reaction with methanol vapors to produce hydrogen. Device implementing this method is built around electrochemical generator and has methanol storage tank and series-connected vapor reformer, gas separation unit with carbonic acid discharge line, and electrochemical generator with heat and reaction product discharge lines. Newly introduced in device is methanol pumping circuit incorporating series-connected electrochemical generator communicating through heat discharge line, pump, thinning-and-heat-transfer apparatus, and methanol vapor flow regulator; in addition device is provided with gas heat exchanger, as well as water vapor pumping circuit incorporating series-connected electrochemical generator communicating through hydrogen inlet with reaction product discharge line, water-separating heat-transfer apparatus communicating with water discharge line, fan, vapor reformer, and gas heat exchanger; vapor reformer inlet communicates through gas heat exchanger with methanol vapor flow regulator and methanol storage tank communicates with methanol pumping line and is inserted between thinning-and-heat-transfer apparatus and pump.

EFFECT: reduced ancillary power requirement, enhanced efficiency, reduced size and mass, and simplified design of device.

2 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to energy units (EU), containing an electrochemical generator (ECG) with hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells, and can be used in the composition of the electrical power system (EPS) underwater vehicle (PA)

The invention relates to a functional auxiliary systems fuel cells (SOFC), in particular to methods and devices for sorption of air consumed in the fuel cell, the carbon dioxide

The invention relates to power plants, containing an electrochemical generator (ECG) with hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells, and can be used in the composition of the power system underwater vehicle

The invention relates to electric power systems based on fuel cells

The invention relates to electric power systems based on fuel cells
The invention relates to a battery energy, in particular to a method of producing and storing hydrogen in Autonomous power systems with cycle operation from tens to thousands of hours mainly for submarines

The invention relates to power plants, containing electrochemical generators with hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells, and can be used in the Assembly and operation of power plants for underwater vehicles

FIELD: dc power supplies and dc power systems operating on hydrogen and oxygen.

SUBSTANCE: novelty is that method includes electrical installation starting and running under steady state conditions involving evaporation of liquid methanol and water, production of hydrogen and carbonic acid as result of chemical reaction between methanol and water vapors followed by chemical reaction between produced hydrogen and oxygen to generate water vapors and heat, and water and carbonic acid discharge to environment. When installation is running under steady state conditions, liquid methanol is evaporated due to its thermal chemical reaction with hydrogen and oxygen compound in electrochemical generator and water vapors produced as result of this chemical reaction are conveyed for reaction with methanol vapors to produce hydrogen. Device implementing this method is built around electrochemical generator and has methanol storage tank and series-connected vapor reformer, gas separation unit with carbonic acid discharge line, and electrochemical generator with heat and reaction product discharge lines. Newly introduced in device is methanol pumping circuit incorporating series-connected electrochemical generator communicating through heat discharge line, pump, thinning-and-heat-transfer apparatus, and methanol vapor flow regulator; in addition device is provided with gas heat exchanger, as well as water vapor pumping circuit incorporating series-connected electrochemical generator communicating through hydrogen inlet with reaction product discharge line, water-separating heat-transfer apparatus communicating with water discharge line, fan, vapor reformer, and gas heat exchanger; vapor reformer inlet communicates through gas heat exchanger with methanol vapor flow regulator and methanol storage tank communicates with methanol pumping line and is inserted between thinning-and-heat-transfer apparatus and pump.

EFFECT: reduced ancillary power requirement, enhanced efficiency, reduced size and mass, and simplified design of device.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: novelty is that by-product removing device has absorbent-charged part in fuel cell that selectively absorbs carbon dioxide delivered from module for power generation, fuel reforming for energy production in first gas, and for power generation from hydrogen; absorbent-charged part affords second gas supply in which carbon dioxide concentration is reduced due to its absorption in power generation module; fuel cell has part charged with fuel for energy generation in the form of hydrogen-containing liquid or gas.

EFFECT: enlarges amount and reduced cost of power generation without by-product emission into environment.

24 cl, 147 dwg

FIELD: renewable electrochemical devices for energy storage in reduction-oxidation batteries.

SUBSTANCE: novelty is that acid vanadium electrolyte liquor that has in its composition V+3 and V+4 in desired concentration ratio introduced in electrolyte solution is produced from solid vanadium pentoxide by electrochemical method while at least partially reducing dissolved vanadium in acid electrolyte liquor; for the purpose electrolyte liquor is circulated through plurality of cascaded electrolyzers at least partially to V+3 degree; in this way reduced vanadium incorporating electrolyte liquor leaving the last of mentioned electrolyzers enters in reaction with stoichiometric amount of vanadium pentoxide to produce electrolyte liquor incorporating in effect vanadium in the V+3 form; acid and water are introduced to ensure definite molarity of liquor and the latter is continuously circulated through cascaded electrolyzers; stream of electrolyte liquor produced in the process that incorporates V+3 and V+4 in desired concentrations is discharged at outlet of one of electrolyzers of mentioned cascade. Each electrolyzer is distinguished by high degree of asymmetry and has cathode and anode of relevant surface morphology, geometry, and relative arrangement for setting current density on anode surface exceeding by 5 to 20 times that on projected cathode surface, oxygen being emitted from anode surface. Asymmetric electrolyzer of this type can be used in one of electrolyte circuits, positive or negative, of operating battery (cell) for reducing balance of respective oxidation degrees of their vanadium content.

EFFECT: facilitated procedure and reduced coast of vanadium electrolyte preparation.

10 cl, 4 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: electrical engineering; fuel cell battery for various power installations such as vehicles or emergency power supplies.

SUBSTANCE: proposed fuel cell battery has at least two series-connected fuel cells each incorporating anode with hydrogen-sorbing alloy, oxygen (air) cathode, and additional electrode connected in parallel with cathode and made in the form of nickel oxide electrode disposed between anode and cathode; all electrodes are provided with external power leads; series connection of fuel cells is made between anode lead of one fuel cell and additional electrode lead of other fuel cell; cathode lead of each fuel cell is connected to additional electrode lead by means of switching device. Additional electrode is isolated from anode by matrix electrolyte and from cathode, by liquid electrolyte. Fuel elements are integrated with respect to liquid electrolyte to form common electrolyte loop. Switching device may be made in the form of electromechanical relay, intelligent switch, isolating diode, controlled diode, thyristor, or field-effect transistor.

EFFECT: fast reset, enhanced specific power characteristics, elongated service life.

9 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: off-line power engineering; power plants incorporating electrochemical generators.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for hydrogen storage and production in off-line power plants whose functioning cycle lasts from a few hours to several thousands of hours primarily used for submarines, underwater apparatuses, ships, rail and motor transport, periodically functioning domestic power supplies, as well as periodically functioning stationary power installations used for most important equipment requiring no-break power supply includes hydrogen production by aluminum hydrolysis. Source components are aluminum in the form of foil, sheet, wire, granules of regular or irregular shape provided one of linear dimensions of used component shape does not exceed 1 - 2 mm, and water vapor that ensures enhanced hydrogen yield. In power plants operating in off-line mode for maximum a few hours hydrolysis is conducted at temperature of 250 - 300 °C; use is made of container method of storage including replacement of completely spent container. For power installations operating more frequently in off-line mode hydrolysis is conducted at temperature of 200 - 250 °C, use being made of changeable or unchangeable containers and removal of reaction products from unchangeable container being made by sucking out oxide from container or by dissolving aluminum oxide with aid of chemical reagents, followed by washing and drying out. Flowrate of hydrogen produced in the process is controlled by regulating amount of water supplied in the form of vapor.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and hydrogen yield, reduced cost of hydrogen production, eliminated need for using chemically active media in the course of operation, and enhanced hydrogen yield.

7 cl

FIELD: dc power supplies and systems using hydrogen and oxygen, as well as alkali and acid electrolytes.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for servicing electrochemical generator involves pumping of hydrogen and liquid electrolyte through fuel cell battery as well as passage of CO2-free air through fuel cell battery and its discharge into surrounding atmosphere; in the process electrical energy is generated and reaction product (water) is discharged into surrounding atmosphere; reaction product (water) is dissolved in electrolyte until 15% concentration is attained. After that electrolyte is heated to water boiling temperature and air passed through fuel cell battery is cooled down to ambient temperature, mixed up with steam produced as result of electrolyte heating, and steam-gas mixture formed in the process is discharged into surrounding atmosphere; at the same time electrolyte concentration is brought to 35%. Device implementing this method has set of loads with electrochemical generator operating variables recorder, fuel cell battery with air pumping system incorporating fan, air CO2 cleaner and pipe union for discharging air from fuel cell battery, hydrogen pumping system, electrolyte pumping closed loop incorporating electrolyte tank with gas and liquid spaces and pump, air flow cooler, air flow control valve, and steam-gas mixture discharge line; inlet of air flow control valve is connected to pipe union for discharging air from fuel cell battery; one outlet of this valve is connected to inlet of air flow cooler and other one, to steam-gas mixture discharge line; air cooler outlet is connected to gas space of electrolyte tank.

EFFECT: reduced power requirement, enhanced operating reliability.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: hydrogen supply systems for priming motor car running on fuel cells.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrogen supply system has hydrogen supply station and mobile system for hydrogen production; hydrogen produced by means of mobile system is fed to hydrogen supply station.

EFFECT: utmost utilization of existing infrastructure.

19 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: hydrogen power engineering, possible use in power plants, consuming hydrogen-oxygen fuel elements, included in composition of electro-chemical generators.

SUBSTANCE: power plant of underwater apparatus has electro-chemical generator, hydrogen accumulators connected thereto, block for storing cryogenic oxygen with gasifier, connected to electro-chemical generator, hydrolysis-based hydrogen production system, connected to hydrogen accumulators; capacity for accumulating fluid products of hydrolysis reaction, connected to hydrolysis-based hydrogen production system, while additionally having gas mixer and pump with control block, electrically connected to electro-chemical generator, and mounted on additional main, connecting inhabited sections of underwater apparatus to lower portion of capacity for accumulating fluid products of hydrolysis reaction, upper portion of which is connected by main to first inlet of gas mixer, second inlet of which through controllable oxygen flow adjuster is connected by main to gasifier, and outlet of gas mixer is connected to inhabited sections of underwater apparatus, by means of main, on which an oxygen concentration indicator is mounted, connected to block for controlling oxygen flow adjuster.

EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities of power plant, wherein for supplying hydrogen to electro-chemical generator, hydrolysis method for producing hydrogen is used.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering, in particular, engineering of power plants, having electro-chemical generator with oxygen-hydrogen fuel elements, possible use in composition of power plants for underwater apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: power plant of an underwater apparatus has chemical reactor, connected to hydrogen accumulator through gas purification block, electro-chemical generator, pneumatically connected to block for storing cryogenic oxygen, and to hydrogen accumulator, while being hydraulically connected to reservoir for distillated water, tank for milled aluminum, connected through dosage device for powder-like substances to chemical reactor; reservoir for accumulation of fluid reaction products, connected to chemical reactor; reservoir with alkali solution, while hydrogen accumulator is made in form of pressurized gas tank, and power plant additionally includes liquid mixer with heating device and liquid level indicator, connected to chemical reactor, while liquid mixer is connected to reservoir with alkali solution and to reservoir for distillated water, and also a heat-exchange heating device is mounted in aforementioned reservoir for accumulating liquid reaction products. Hydrogen accumulator can be mounted together with electro-chemical generator in pressurized space, equipped with fire and explosion prevention system.

EFFECT: higher speed of operation concerning supplying hydrogen to electro-chemical generator, controllable launch time of chemical reactor; thus, increased controllability of hydrogen generation process onboard the underwater apparatus; increased level of fire and explosion safety during operation of power plant.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; systems of production of electric power by gasification of combustibles.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of electrical engineering, in particular, to the technology of conversion of the chemical energy of combustibles into electrical power with the high effectiveness, where the combustibles are gasified for production of the gas and the produced gas is used in the fuel cell for generation of electrical power. The technical result of the invention is an increase of effectiveness of conversion of the chemical energy of the combustibles into electrical power. The offered low-temperature gasification furnace for gasification of combustibles such as the combustible waste or coal, may work at the temperature, for example, of 400-1000°C, and the produced gas then is fed into the fuel cell for generation of the electrical power. The low-temperature gasification furnace preferentially represents the gasification furnace with the fluidized layer.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increased effectiveness of conversion of the chemical energy of the combustibles into the electrical power.

7 cl, 23 dwg

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