Method of remote control of overall dimensions of loads on train in process f transportation and system of electronic cates for remote control of overall dimensions of loads on train in motion

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: first of all borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge are determined by outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge and pickups are mounted on said borders. Device for implementing proposed method is made in form of electronic gates and it contains pickup to detect beginning of train and U-shaped carrying structure installed over track. Five loading gauge pickups and train car counter are arranged on carrying structure. Outputs of all pickups are coupled with input of display and matching unit whose output is connected with personal computer. Four additional loading gauge pickups are provided being installed at borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge at outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge, and wheelset counter arranged on U-shaped carrying structure. Train beginning detector is also mounted on U-shaped structure. Display and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of visual and sound control of zonal loading gauge of trains.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

A method of remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement and electronic clearance envelope for remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement.

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to methods and devices of automatics, exercising control of a technical condition of a moving train.

The known method of control of oversize cargo rolling stock (USSR author's certificate No. 1799773, CL 61 To 9/02, 1993), consisting in the detection of oversize loading via radar sensors based on reflection.

The disadvantage of this method is the low reliability of the control and the creation of additional interference under conditions of atmospheric phenomena (fog, light illumination by the sun, a spotlight, and others).

The known method for automated detection of violations of the dimensions of the loading of the rolling stock (EN 2066282 C1, 61 To 9/02), consisting in monitoring compliance with limits gabaritos loading at the entrance of the structure in the inspection area by means of an optoelectronic sensor and the definition of oversize cargo. The disadvantage is the use of optoelectronic sensors for monitoring compliance with limits gabaritos loading but max is permissible size of the car, did not provide a definition of the limits of the combined area loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline lateral loading gauge, but the gauge rolling stock. However, in its technical essence of this method is the closest offer.

A device for control of oversize cargo rolling stock, containing two bearings located on both sides of the track, the sensor having a composition, count cars, photoelectric sensors dimensions of the rolling stock, each of which consists of an emitter, an optical system reflector and the photodetector; a connection unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the photoelectric channels, the memory block and the Registrar (USSR author's certificate No. 1799773, CL 61 To 9/02, 1993).

The disadvantage of this device is to use radar sensors operating PA reflection, provided additional structural units, such as the reflector and Autonomous optical system, which reduces the reliability of the device.

A device for automated detection and registration violations of the dimensions of the loading of the rolling stock, while observing the top part containing the optoelectronic sensor detect the start of the composition. The u-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, hosts five optoelectronic sensors monitoring gabaritos loading on the maximum allowable size of the car, the sensor counting cars, camera, hinged to the upright supporting structure, the outputs of all of optoelectronic sensors and cameras are connected to the inputs of the interface block, the outputs of which are connected with an operator containing a VCR, a personal computer (PC) display unit (RU 2066282 C1, 61 To 9/02).

The disadvantage of this device lies in the need to install additional supports for placement of the sensor of the beginning of the composition, of inaccurate account of the cars due to the presence in the composition of cars of different types and purposes (for example, possible double counting of the same car, when the car without flanges and a few goods it is concentrated on limited areas of the floor of the car, resulting in the closure of the luminous flux sensor counting cars), in the absence of a stand-alone mode when the failure of the electronic calculating machines of the operator. The use of cameras and video recorder for visual inspection of fasteners, fastening and type of cargo is not required to control the dimensions of the loading and complicates the technical side of the device. However, in its technical essence and the achieved result is data solution closest offer.

The objective of the proposed method of remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement and electronic dimensions Puerta for remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement is to enable rapid detection of oversize loading cars on rolling stock for the safe movement of rail transport.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that in the method of remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement, including monitoring compliance with limits gabaritos loading at the entrance of the structure in the inspection area by means of an optoelectronic sensor and the definition of oversize cargo, define the boundaries of the combined area loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock and set optoelectronic sensors on the specified bounds.

The technical result of the proposed method is to ensure the safety of movement of trains through the timely detection of oversize loading composition in the process control combined zonal loading gauge and dimensions of the rolling stock when PTS is tanii side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that the electronic clearance envelope for remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement, containing an optoelectronic sensor to determine the start of the composition and the U-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, which placed five optoelectronic sensors monitoring gabaritos loading, optoelectronic sensor counting cars, the outputs of all of optoelectronic sensors are connected to the input of the display unit and approval, the output of which is connected with a personal electronic computing machine operator is further provided with four optical sensors control gabaritos loading, which is installed on the limits of the combined area loading gauge and dimensions of rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock and optoelectronic sensor account wheelset, located on the U-shaped design, with an optoelectronic sensor to determine the start of composition is also situated on the U-shaped structure, and the display unit and agreement executed with the ability to work offline. The introduction of an additional four sensors control gabaritos loading enable control of borders combined C the drug loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock, introduction sensor account wheelset accurate account of the wagons in the formation of the rolling stock freight cars of various types and purposes, and the location of the sensor determine the beginning of the composition does not require the installation of additional supports. Execution of the display unit and the coordination with the opportunity to work in offline mode increases the reliability of the system.

Software workstation provides the following functions in the control of oversize cargo: the reception of the PC information about the number of locomotives in part on the local network from the automated system of the control station, a control display unit and approval of: receiving information about rehabilitated loading wagons passing structure from the display unit and approval of: recording data about ongoing compositions; displaying on the screen of the PC operator rehabilitate passing rolling stock; data search in the archive PC on oversized transit-time composition, the ordinal number of the car; audible indication of oversized cars; transfer on LAN message with information about the composition. When you exit the PC down or commissioning of the system, the system of electronic clearance envelope is offline. In this mode, the display unit and approval of PR is performing the following functions: manual input of the number of locomotives; the signals from the sensors; a display sequence number of the car, the display areas of the oversize loading using the indicator “OVERSIZE” PA front panel of the unit.

The technical result of the proposed system is to provide visual and audible control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, when it passes in the area of control through sensors control gabaritos loading cars in real time on the monitor displaying the current number of the car. zone of oversize in the form of a red line segment forming a sound signal detection of oversize and the formation of reference identified oversized.

Figure 1 shows the block diagram of the system. Figure 2 presents the layout of the system on the supporting structure.

Each optoelectronic sensor is a two-position device, consisting of a block of the radiator (BY 1...BI 12) and the unit of the photodetector (BF 13...BF 24). The emitter generates an infrared beam, which is directed to the photodetector. To ensure the implementation of the control sensors are secured on the U-shaped gate, mounted on rail means and is placed so that the infrared rays form the boundary zone gabaritos, providing operational control of oversize cargo with Peresecina the rays of any of the nine monitoring sensors gabaritos. The output signals of the photodetectors through the distribution box (CR) are delivered to the display unit and approval (BIS), the output of which is connected to the input of a specialized system unit workstation operator (PAVM). Power emitters and photodetectors is carried out through the distribution box, power supply (IP 26 and IP2 27).

On the supporting structure e overall gate monitoring sensors gabaritos loading are installed in pairs, forming zones of gabaritos: 1-I zone-BY 9 and BF 21: 2-BY 10 and BF 22; 3-I zone-BY 11 and BF 23; 4-I zone-BY 1 and BF 13; 5-I zone-BI2 2 and BF 14; 6-I zone-BY 3 and BF3 15; 7-I zone-BY 4 and BF 4 16; 8-I zone-BY 7 and BF 19; 9-I zone-BY 8 and BF 20. In addition to the sensors monitoring the loading of the cars on the carrier structure is mounted sensor pairs counting cars (BY 5 and BF 17), the sensor accounts wheelset (BI 6 6 and BF 6 18), the sensor beginning composition (BY 12 and BF 24). The sensors are heated in a protective housing. Junction box (CR 25) mounted on a tower supporting structure. The operation of the display unit and approval is made by the PC (29) the operator in the process of exchange over the communication channel in accordance with standard RS-232. The power supply from the power source (IE 1 26 and FE 2 27) through the junction box (CR 25).

p> The system works as follows.

The operator, after receiving information about the approximation of the control zone, enters in the PC (29) data on the number of locomotives in the structure or data on the number of locomotives in the composition is transferred to the PC via the local network from the automated system of the control station automatically. PC (29) transmits the data to the display unit and approval (BIS), in which the load on the internal counter of the cars. At the entrance of the composition in the control zone locomotive crosses the ray from the unit emitter (BI 12) sensor the beginning of the composition. Information about the intersection of the beam formed by the block of the photodetector (BP 24) of the sensor output signal is supplied to the display unit and approval (BIS). The display unit and approval (BIS) provides an account of the wagons in the control zone of overlapping probe beam account wheelset (BI 6 6 and BF 6 18) and a sensor counting cars (BY 5 and BF 17). Increases counter sequence number of the car on the front panel of the display unit and approval (BIS 28). At the intersection of the rays of monitoring sensors gabaritos loading, forming the border of the combined area loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock gauges generate alarm messages. Through distribution to robco (CR) alarm notification using equipment transmitting signals supplied to the display unit and approval (BIS). which generates light (with indication of phase oversize) and the audio signal of the beam overlap any of the nine monitoring sensors gabaritos loading, transmits status data of nine sensors monitoring gabaritos loading and the value of the number of the car in the PC(29) for processing. On the front panel of the display unit and approval (BIS) lights up the corresponding led is “OVERSIZED”. On the PC display(29) area of oversize is displayed as a red line segment. The fact of oversize is logged in the event log from the commit sequence number of the car with oversized loading.

The geometry of the sensors relative to the supporting structure should provide a number of special requirements:

the emitters and receivers of sensors mounted on the supports by means of clamp. and on the farm - special brackets, the emitters ground sensors (BI 7, 8 BI 8, BI 10 10) are mounted on brackets attached to buried in the ground concrete base;

- coordinate point of placement of sensors on poles and farm are calculated so that the points of intersection of adjacent beams of the sensors had the coordinates set for the combined zonal dimension of the current technical conditions of loading and securing of cargo for each project is a unique RA is odd coordinates);

- the unit emitter (BI 6 6) and the unit of the photodetector (BF 6 18) of the sensor accounts wheels installed at a height of 80 mm from the rail head;

- the unit emitter (BI 5) sensor counting cars is set at a height of H=0,213 (5868+L2) mm, where L2 is the measured distance from the center of the railroad track to the center of the right support (the level of the rail head); a receiver unit (BF 17) sensor counting cars is set at a height of H=0,213 (5868-L1) mm, where L1 is the distance measured from the center of the railroad track to the center of the left support (the level of the rail heads);

- the unit emitter (BI 12) and the unit of the photodetector (BP 24) of the sensor the beginning of the composition are set at a height of 2.6 m from the rail head;

- the power supply of the sensors is carried out via the appropriate cables.

The geometry of the installation of the supporting structure should provide a number of special requirements:

- the distance from the supporting structure to the nearest switch should be at least 30 m (both sides);

the axis of each of the vertical supports must be at a distance of not less than 3800 mm from the longitudinal axis of the path;

- height from the rail head to the lower zones of the beams is not less than 9400 mm;

- must be provided by the symmetrical arrangement of the vertical supports of the supporting structure relative to the longitudinal axis of the path;

- supports must be the mouth of the hang vertically and stable in this position.

1. The method of remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement, including monitoring compliance with limits gabaritos loading at the entrance of the structure in the inspection area by means of an optoelectronic sensor and the definition of oversize cargo, characterized in that define the boundaries of the combined area loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock and set optoelectronic sensors on the specified bounds.

2. Electronic clearance envelope for remote control of the dimensions of the goods loaded on the vehicle, in the process of their movement, for implementing the method according to claim 1, containing an optoelectronic sensor to determine the start of the composition and the U-shaped bracket mounted on the rail means, which placed five optoelectronic sensors monitoring gabaritos loading and optoelectronic sensor counting cars, the outputs of all of optoelectronic sensors are connected to the input of the display unit and approval, the output of which is connected with a personal electronic computing machine operator, characterized in that it is further provided with four optical sensors control gabaritos loading, which is installed on the limits of the combined the CSOs zonal loading gauge and gauge rolling stock outline side of the loading gauge, the gauge rolling stock, and optoelectronic sensor account wheelset, located on the U-shaped design, with an optoelectronic sensor to determine the start of composition is also situated on the U-shaped structure, and the display unit and agreement executed with the ability to work offline.



 

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FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: first of all borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge are determined by outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge and pickups are mounted on said borders. Device for implementing proposed method is made in form of electronic gates and it contains pickup to detect beginning of train and U-shaped carrying structure installed over track. Five loading gauge pickups and train car counter are arranged on carrying structure. Outputs of all pickups are coupled with input of display and matching unit whose output is connected with personal computer. Four additional loading gauge pickups are provided being installed at borders of combined zonal loading gauge and vehicle gauge at outline of side loading gauge according to vehicle gauge, and wheelset counter arranged on U-shaped carrying structure. Train beginning detector is also mounted on U-shaped structure. Display and matching unit is made for self-contained operation.

EFFECT: provision of visual and sound control of zonal loading gauge of trains.

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3 cl, 1 dwg

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