Three-section body of air-conditioning unit

FIELD: air-conditioning and plenum-exhaust ventilation systems.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version proposed body has pair of peripheral sections for refrigerating machine with delivery port in each of them for connection with respective fan and evacuation of air from peripheral sections; central section is located between peripheral sections with pair of opposing suction ports for delivery of air to sections; it is connected with closed air supply passage for shut-off valves; it is provided with pair of suction ports for delivery of air to passage and pair of connecting ports which are open towards respective peripheral sections for delivery of air from passage to these sections; suction ports of passage are opposing; passage is located between peripheral sections in such way that pair of lateral sides forms connection with respective peripheral sections over their perimeters, thus ensuring shutting-off of sections. Body may be made in three versions.

EFFECT: facilitated manufacture; enhanced efficiency; reduced usage of materials; simplified construction.

32 cl, 17 dwg

 

The device according to the invention, intended for accommodation of the refrigerating machine and shut-off valve is coupled to a monoblock air conditioner, mainly channel type.

The invention can find application in air conditioning systems and ventilation as body conditioning or air handling unit.

Famous is coupled to a horizontal ceiling air conditioning-monoblock for air handling (General catalog 1997-1998 “Carrier”. Equipment for air conditioning systems, str-342). It contains two-piece enclosure, separated by a partition, where the steam compression refrigerating machine comprising a compressor, condenser, evaporator, throttling device interconnected by a pipeline filled with refrigerant, and the control unit, and the compressor and condenser are installed in one section and the evaporator in the other, so that the condenser and the evaporator block corresponding section transverse to the axis of the air flow in sections, two fans and four Windows made in pairs in each section, with one window injection, and the other suction in each partition installed on the fan, which is connected with the appropriate Windows of the discharge, and in tilator installed on one side of the evaporator or condenser, and window suction on the other, and the compressor is installed between the condenser and the window suction. The section containing the condenser to the compressor, are removable and remote.

The energy efficiency of such conditioning is reduced through heat exchange two streams of air through the separating partition wall, with one of the streams of air passed thermal processing on the capacitor, and the other on the evaporator.

Narrow functional-technological capability of the air conditioner in the heat treatment of airflow due to a lack of valves for air.

Closest to the claimed technical essence and the achieved result is a device for air conditioning, which includes a housing containing three linked sections, two of which are peripheral and one Central, as well as steam compression refrigerating machine comprising a hermetic compressor, condenser, evaporator and expansion (throttling) device. All devices are connected by piping to form a closed refrigerant circuit. The control unit, the compressor and the condenser are installed in one of the peripheral sections and the evaporator in the other peripheral section, and the installation carried out in such a way that the condenser and the evaporator cover ratio is eastwoodiae peripheral section, transverse to the air flow in sections, with the Central unit has two fan mounted in the channel with the installed two-position shut-off valve and with the input and output Windows for air and made in the walls of the casing opposite the injection window for air, between which set the three-position valve that regulates air flow between the peripheral sections, one of which has two Windows, one of which is located at the beginning of the air flow relative to the evaporator, is used to suction indoor air, and the other, located at the end of the air flow relative to the evaporator, is used for suction of external air, and the other peripheral sections are open, one of which is located at the beginning of the air flow relative to the capacitor, is used to suction indoor air, and the other, located at the end of the air flow relative to the capacitor, is used to suction outside air, and in both peripheral sections mounted on / off valves, regulating the flow of air through the suction holes (U.S. patent No. 5533357, CL F 25 B 29/00, publ. 09.07.96 - prototype).

The known device for air conditioning has a sufficiently broad functional and technological capabilities of the heat treatment of the air.

In addition, the device has drawbacks:

- no ability to control air, which reduces the functional and technological capabilities conditioning;

- inability to reduce noise, the limited mounting options air conditioner;

- inconvenience-and low-technology Assembly of the air conditioner.

Known three-section device for air conditioning has a number of disadvantages caused by design features, including:

low adaptability, defined by high consumption and low level of commonality;

- lack of opportunities to improve operational reliability and extend the functional-technological capabilities by reducing aerodynamic noise and the regulation of the flow of air;

- the lack of opportunity for effective mixing of counter-flows of air by turbulence spin before entering the evaporator and the condenser of the refrigeration machine and, accordingly, the intensification of processes of heat exchange.

An object of the invention is the creation of different variants of embodiment three-section of the device for air conditioning, high efficiency and low material what uemastu, broad functional and technological capabilities, high operational reliability, low noise and high energy efficiency, as well as regulation of airflow.

The technical problem is solved in the design of the three-section of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections, the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, associated with a closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel path under the shut-off valves located on the perimeter of the circuit by a pair of Windows of the intake air flow in the circuit and a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for the filing in the last of the air from the circuit and located at two lateral sides of the circuit, between the Windows of suction, in which, according to the invention, window suction path is made opposite to the air supply section and the circuit is located between the peripheral sections so that a pair of lateral sides of the image is no connection with the respective peripheral sections along their perimeters to ensure overlap the perimeters of the peripheral sections for submission to the last of the air from the coupling window and the formation of the Central section.

In this case the connection of the peripheral sections of the circuit can be made detachable.

In this case, each peripheral section may be made in the form of a channel with a pair of end openings, one of which has a window view of the discharge, and the other type of opening for the connection circuit, and the channels can be located by ensuring alignment with the corresponding coupling Windows, and the connections are made telescopic, with the formation is overlain by the perimeters of sections of the channels and path.

In such a case covered by the perimeters of the areas may be formed by the outer surfaces of the channels and the surface of the circuit located at the perimeters of the respective connection window.

In such a case covered by the perimeters of the areas may be formed in the outer surface contour and the inner surfaces of the respective channels.

In this case the channel and/or the circuit may be mounted for movement along the axis of the channel overlap the corresponding aperture wall circuit or horizontal window suction channel walls.

In this case telescopic connection can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other.

In this case the circuit can be made in the form of a torus is whether toroid, or path may have hypocycloidal profile, closed the axis of which forms astroid, and horizontal window suction and connection box can be made at the vertices of the path.

In this case the circuit may be made of corrugated duct or elastic bellows ribbed spiral form.

Another variant of the case design is the result of any technical solution, the technical problem is solved in the design of the three-section of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeter, the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, associated with a closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel path under the shut-off valves with a closed axis and located on the perimeter of the contour, a pair of window suction for the air supply path and a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for filing in the last of the air from the circuit and placed on two sides of the circuit, between the Windows sasian what I in which, according to the invention, window suction path is made opposite to the air supply section, and the circuit has the entrance doorway, which is located on the inner perimeter of the loop-type through-openings of the open torus or doughnut, and each peripheral section is made in the form of a hollow box with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge, and the other two in the form of aligned Windows for connection with the respective lateral sides of the circuit providing bearing area closed axis of each side and the axes of the respective coaxially Windows, the path is oriented between boxes thus, each of the lateral sides overlaps a pair of aligned Windows of the corresponding boxes with education telescopic connections perimeters covered areas of the outer surface contour and surface boxes on edges aligned Windows for filing in a box of air from the coupling Windows, each of which is located between a pair of aligned Windows of the respective boxes, and the formation of the Central section.

In this case, each box may be made separable in the plane which contains the axis of the respective coaxially Windows, and/or path may have a pair of connectors in the plane transverse closed-loop axis, and the location is different on the sides.

In this case the connection path with boxes can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other.

In this case, each box may be made of T-shaped in the form of shaped tee, for example, the vent having three pipe with butt holes, two of which are made coaxial, with coaxial holes have views of aligned Windows for the connection circuit, and the third face hole has a view of the discharge.

In the next version of the case design, different from the previous lower consumption of materials, the solution of the technical problem in the design of the three-section of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeter, the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section connected with vozduhoprovodyaschih controevrsyu channel under gate valves having a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for the filing in the last of the air from centuriesbecause channel, and a pair of window suction, located between the connecting Windows for air flow in contorversy channel, which according to the invention contorversy channel is made in the form of a pair vozduhoprovodyaschih channels of U-shaped or U-shaped, each of which has three holes, two of which are mechanical, and the third is located on the surface of the channel between the end holes, while the latter is in the form of connecting Windows and the hole located on the surface of the channel, in the form of a window suction, and the channels are oriented relative to each other to ensure oppositely window suction, and each peripheral the section is made in the form of a hollow box with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge, and the other two in the form of coaxial openings for connection with the ends of the channels located between the boxes so that the axis of the openings are aligned with the axes of the respective connection boxes, and each channel overlaps the pair of openings of different boxes with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of openings for feeding in a box of air from the coupling window and the formation of the Central section.

In this case the connection channels with boxes can be made telescopic, with the formation is overlain by the perimeter of the sections of the outer surface of the channels and the surface of the boxes on the edges of the aligned openings.

In this case the telescopic connection is made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other.

In this case boxes and channels can be performed, respectively, in the form of two pairs of shaped tees-shaped, for example ventilation, each of which has three pipe with the respective end openings, each of one pair of tees has a pair of inlet connections with frontal holes, made in the form of openings, and one outlet nozzle, end hole, made in the form of open discharge, and each of the other pair of tees has a pair of discharge nozzles, end holes formed in the connection window, and one outlet nozzle, end hole, made in the form of opposed window suction, when the axes of the nozzles of the two pairs of tees are in the same plane, and the angles between the axes of the pair of inlet connections of each tee of one pair and the angles between the axes of the pair of discharge nozzles each tee the other pair is 90°and the axis of the nozzles, arranged perpendicularly to each other, form a closed axis, and the corresponding nozzles path.

In this case each tee can be made of composite, out of phase is in corrugated ducts or corrugated elastic axial compensation bellows.

In this case the corrugations of the pair of inlet connections of each of the tees one pair and a pair of discharge nozzles of each of the tees the other pair may have a spiral shape and to form a helical surface in one direction, for example the left.

In the last version of the case design, different from the previous lower consumption of materials, the solution of the technical problem in the design of the three-section of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections, the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section that is associated with a pair placed on the perimeter of the window suction and shut-off valves, in which, according to the invention, the housing consists of a hollow box and the channel, such as the ventilation duct, the duct is made of three interconnected with the cavity of the window, of which one is made in the form of open discharge, and the other two - as opposed window suction, and the channel has a pair of socket holes on the ends and ispolnenie around the perimeter of the channel a couple of boxes of suction, which are opposed to each other, and one of the end holes made in the form of open discharge, and the other end opening in the form of the connecting opening, and the channel box are located relative to each other with an overlap around the perimeter of the connecting opening of the wall box and the formation of connections perimeter trunking and channel and a pair of peripheral sections and the Central section to supply air to the peripheral section comprising two parts, one of which is part of the box with one pair of the opposed window suction and the wall that separates the channel from the cavity of the box, and the other part of the canal on the other a pair of opposed window suction, and one of the peripheral sections formed part of the boxes with the appropriate box, discharge, and other peripheral section formed part of the channel with another window injection.

In this case the opposed window suction channel and trunking can be done in pairs coaxially.

In this case the connection of the channel box can be made telescopic, with the formation is overlain by the perimeter areas of the outer surface of the duct and the inner surface of the channel.

In this case the connection can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped sections relative to each other.

In this case the box may be the made in the form placed coaxially channel glass at the open end which has a hole in the window of the discharge and on the side surface of the pair of holes in opposite window suction, while the other end of the glass overlaps the channel on the inner perimeter of the connecting opening, and a glass and/or the channel has the ability to move along the axis of the channel and overlapping the opposed window suction.

In this case the outer surface of the Cup and the inner surface of the channel can be made cylindrical, which made the thread, and the connection may be threaded.

In this case the glass and the channel can be made in the form of bellows ribbed spiral shape, forming a helical surface in one direction, for example, the left, and the connection is made the type of thread.

In this case the axes of the two pairs of the opposed window suction can be located in one plane.

In this case the opposed window suction Cup can be made for the installation of them in shut-off valves on the inner side of the glass and the opposite window suction channel can be made for the installation of them in shut-off valves on the outside of the channel.

In this case the duct and the channel can be made in the form of electrically conductive heating element for inclusion in a circuit with a constant current source with the formation of a pair of junctions in Cana is e and, accordingly, the frame, and a connection channel with the box may be made in the form of conductive junction, by type thermoelectric refrigerating machine, and the channel and the box are made of different metals or alloys, or semiconductor materials.

In this case thermocouple can be performed with a high value of q for allocation on a conductive junction connecting the rack with the channel, the Peltier heat abstracted from the boxes and channel.

In the stated embodiments, the structural design three-section of the device for air conditioning manufacturability is improved by performing the Central section in the form of a structural element having a function of air distribution and mixing of the air flow, resulting in reduced material consumption and expanding the range of functional and technological features three-section of the device for air-conditioning.

In the first variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the technology could contribute:

- the connections of the peripheral sections of the circuit split to improve the manufacturability of the Assembly;

- connections telescopic to reduce the size and improve the manufacturability of the Assembly.

In the first variant of the embodiment are the three corps expansion of the functional and technological capabilities by regulating the air flow by changing the aerodynamic resistance and to improve the operational reliability could contribute:

- accommodation channel and/or contour can be moved along the axis of the channel overlap the corresponding aperture wall contour, or overlap the opposed window suction channel walls.

In the first variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the operational reliability could contribute:

- performance telescopic connection with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of the sites.

In the first variant embodiment are the three corps to increase efficiency by reducing costs consumed by the fans of power due to drag reduction could contribute:

- implementation of the circuit in the form of a torus or doughnut, or execution path hypocycloidal profile, closed the axis of which forms astroid, and the location of the opposed window suction and connection boxes at the vertices of the path.

In the first variant embodiment are the three corps to improve operational reliability by reducing noise and vibration could contribute:

- performing the contour of the corrugated duct or elastic bellows.

In the first variant embodiment are the three corps intensificate the processes of heat exchange of the air flow and the mixing could contribute:

- performance helical corrugation forms of turbulence colliding air flows spin and increase the efficiency of the mixing flow and provide a more uniform distribution of the temperature field in the flow of the mixture before the evaporator (condenser) of the refrigeration machine.

In the second variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the technology could contribute:

- implementation of split boxes in planes, which are the axes of the respective coaxially Windows, and/or execution of the loop with a pair of connectors in the plane transverse closed-loop axis, and located on the sides to improve the manufacturability of the Assembly;

- the implementation of the boxes T-shaped in the form of shaped vent tees to increase the level of commonality.

In the second variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the operational reliability could contribute:

- connections of circuit boxes with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other.

In the third variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the technology could contribute:

- connections of channels with telescopic boxes to reduce the size and increase the value of the manufacturability of the Assembly;

- execution of ducts and channels in the form of shaped vent tees-shaped to increase the level of unification.

In the third variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the operational reliability could contribute:

- performance telescopic connection with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other;

- implementation of the tees composite of sections of corrugated ducts or corrugated elastic axial compensation bellows to reduce noise and vibration.

In the third variant embodiment are the three corps of intensification of heat exchange of the air flow and the mixing could contribute:

- implementation of the corrugation of the pair of inlet connections of each of the tees one pair and a pair of discharge nozzles of each of the tees the other pair of helical form, with the formation of spiral surfaces in one direction, such as left, for turbulence colliding air flows spin and increase the efficiency of the mixing flow and provide a more uniform distribution of the temperature field in the flow of the mixture before the evaporator (condenser) of the refrigeration machine.

In the fourth embodiment, structurally, what about the performance of the three corps to improve the technology could contribute:

- implementation of the opposed window suction channel and trunking in pairs coaxially to improve the manufacturability and mixing efficiency counter-flow of air;

- the connection channel with telescopic duct to improve the manufacturability of the Assembly and reduce the overall size;

- implementation of the opposed window suction so that the axis of the Windows are located in the same plane;

- execution of the outer surface of the Cup and the inner surface of the cylindrical channel, running on cylindrical surfaces, threads, and connections - threaded to reduce material consumption and improve operational reliability by reducing contamination of air through the threaded connection (seal screw shape).

In the fourth variant embodiment are the three corps to improve the operational reliability could contribute:

- the connection with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped sections relative to each other;

- implementation of glass and channel in the form of a bellows ribbed spiral shape, forming a helical surface in one direction, such as left, and connection - type screw to reduce noise and vibration;

- implementation of thermocouple with a high value of q to highlight the and the conductive junction, connecting the duct and the channel, the Peltier heat abstracted from the boxes and channel.

In the fourth variant embodiment are the three corps expansion funktionalanalysis opportunities could contribute:

- the implementation of the boxes in the form are placed coaxially channel glass overlying the closed end of the channel on the inner perimeter of the connecting opening, and securing the navigation channel and/or boxes along the axis of the channel and overlapping the opposed window suction to enable regulation of the air flow by changing the aerodynamic resistance;

- implementation of the opposed window suction Cup for installation in them shutoff valves on the inner side of the glass and the opposite window suction channel for installation in them shutoff valves on the outside of the channel to improve operational reliability;

- the implementation of the boxes and channel in the form of electrically conductive heating element for inclusion in a circuit with a constant current source with the formation of a pair of junctions in the channel and, respectively, a duct, and the connection channel and the device is in the form of conductive junction-type thermoelectric refrigerating machine and execute channel and boxes of different metals or alloys, or semiconductor materials.

Comparative analysis claimed the x variants of embodiment three corps and prototype reveals the presence of distinctive features in the proposed buildings compared with the closest analogue, that allows to make a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed solutions to the criterion “novelty”.

The presence of distinctive features provides the ability to get a positive effect in terms of the creation of new designs of three-section of the device for air conditioning, with high manufacturability and reliability, broad functional and technological capabilities, as well as high efficiency and ability to turboservice counter flows of air for the intensification of heat exchange.

As in the study of the objects of the invention in the patent and scientific literature revealed no solutions containing characteristics of the claimed inventions (inventions), different from the prototype, you should make a conclusion that the claimed group of inventions meets the criterion of “significant signs”.

The use of the proposed technical solutions in air conditioning systems provides the criterion of “industrial applicability”.

The claimed design options three-section of the device for air conditioning is depicted in figure 1-17. The essence of the first variant illustrated by figure 1-6, second - Fig.7-8, third - Fig.9-11, and the fourth Fig-17.

Figure 1 provides a three-part body (cut); on IG,3 - tri-fold case with detachable telescopic connections (section); 4,5 - tri-fold case with toroidal and accordingly hypocycloidal profile contour (cut); on the 6 - position I in figure 4 (type corrugated surface coil form).

Figure 7 shows the three corps (cut); on Fig - three-section body with T-shaped boxes.

Figure 9 depicts the three corps (cut); figure 10 is a tri-fold case with telescopic joints (cut); figure 11 is a three-part housing consisting of four-shaped tees.

On Fig depicts the three corps (cut); on Fig - tri-fold case with telescopic connection (cut); on Fig - transactional case with screw connection (cut); on Fig - triplex housing formed by a pair of screw bellows (cut); on Fig - three-section body with shutoff valves (cut); on Fig diagram of the three hulls, made in the form of a thermocouple.

In the first variant embodiment are the three body 1 of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections 2 under refrigeration machine with box discharge 3 each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections 2i possibility of accommodation between the latter, with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections 2, the Central section 4 of the opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, associated with a closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel circuit 5 under the shut-off valves located on the perimeter of the circuit 5 by a pair of window suction 6 for conveying air in the circuit 5 and a pair of connecting Windows 7, open the corresponding peripheral section 2 for submission to the last of the air from the circuit 5 and located at two lateral sides of the path 5 between the Windows suction 6, with window suction 6 circuit 5 is made opposite to the air supply section and circuit 5 is located between the peripheral sections 2 so that the pair of sides forms compounds with the respective peripheral sections 2 through their perimeters to ensure overlap the perimeters of the peripheral sections 2 to feed the last of the air from the coupling window 7 and the formation of the Central section 4.

In this case 1:

connection of peripheral sections 2 circuit 5 may be detachable.

each peripheral section 2 may be made in the form of channel 8 with a pair of end openings, one of which has a window view of the discharge 3, and the other type of aperture 9 for connection with the circuit 5, the channels 8 may possess the change, ensuring alignment with the corresponding connection Windows 7, connections can be made telescopic education covered by the perimeters of sections of the channels 8 and circuit 5;

- blocked on the perimeters of the areas may be formed in the outer surface of the circuit 5 and the internal surfaces of the respective channels 8;

channel 8 and/or the circuit 5 may be mounted for movement along the axis of the channel 8 to overlap the corresponding aperture 9 wall circuit 5;

channel 8 and/or the circuit 5 may be mounted for movement along the axis of the channel 8 with overlapping horizontal window suction 6 channel walls 8;

- telescopic connection can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other;

the circuit 5 may be made in the form of a torus or doughnut or the circuit 5 may have hypocycloidal profile, closed the axis which has the appearance of astroid, and horizontal window suction 6 and connecting Windows 7 can be located at the vertices of the path 5;

the circuit 5 may be made of corrugated duct or elastic bellows ribbed spiral form.

In the second variant embodiment are the three body 1 of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections 2 under refrigeration machine with box discharge 3 each for connection with sootvetstvuyuschim fan and remove air from the peripheral sections 2 and can accommodate between last with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeter, the Central section 4 of the opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, associated with a closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel circuit 5 under the shut-off valves with a closed axis and located on the perimeter of the circuit 5 by a pair of window suction 6 for conveying air in the circuit 5 and a pair of connecting Windows 7, open the corresponding peripheral section 2 for submission to the last of the air from the circuit 5 and is hosted on two lateral sides of the path 5 between the Windows suction 6, with window suction 6 circuit 5 is made opposite to the air supply in section, the circuit 5 has an entrance opening 8, which is located on the inner perimeter of the circuit 5, by type of pass-through openings of the open torus or doughnut, and each peripheral section 2 is made in the form of a hollow box 9 with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge 3, and the other two in the form of coaxially Windows 10 for connection with the respective lateral sides of the circuit 5 with providing bearing area closed axis of each side and the axes of the respective coaxial window 10, and the circuit 5 is oriented between the ducts 9 thus that each of the lateral sides overlaps a pair of coaxially window 10 is suitable what about the boxes 9 with the formation of the telescopic connections perimeters covered areas of the outer surface of the circuit 5 and the surface of the 9 boxes on the edges aligned Windows 10 for filing in box 9 of the air from the coupling window 7, each of which is located between a pair of coaxially Windows 10 corresponding box 9, and the formation of the Central section 4.

In this case 1:

each duct 9 may be made separable in the plane which contains the axis of the respective coaxial boxes 10 and/or circuit 5 may have a pair of connectors 11 in a plane transverse closed-loop axis, and located on the sides;

connection circuit 5 with 9 boxes can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other;

each duct 9 may be made of T-shaped in the form of shaped tee 12, for example, the vent having three pipe with butt holes, two of which are made coaxial, with coaxial holes have views of coaxially Windows 10 for connection with the circuit 5, and the third face hole has a view of the discharge 3.

In the third variant embodiment are the three body 1 of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections 2 under refrigeration machine with box discharge 3 each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections 2 and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeter, the Central section 4 of the opposed spaced apart from siteline of each pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, related vozduhoprovodyaschih controevrsyu channel under gate valves having a pair of connecting 5 Windows open in the corresponding peripheral section 2 for submission to the last of the air from centuriesbecause channel, and a pair of window suction 6, located between the coupling 5 Windows for air flow in contorversy channel, while the latter is in the form of a pair vozduhoprovodyaschih channels of U-shaped or U-shaped 7, each of which has three holes, two of which are mechanical, and the third is located on the surface of the channel 7 between the end holes, while the latter is in the form of connective window 5, and the hole located on the surface of the channel 7, is in the form of a window suction 6 and channels 7 are oriented relative to each other to ensure oppositely window suction 6, and each of the peripheral section 2 is made in the form of a hollow box 8 with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge 3, and the other two in the form of aligned openings 9 for connection with the ends of the channels 7 are located between the ducts 8 so that the axis of the openings 9 are aligned with the axes of the respective connection window 5, and each of the channels 7 overlaps a pair of openings 9 different boxes 8 to form compounds on the perimeters of the openings 9 for the filing in box 8 of the air from the coupling window 5, and the formation of the Central section 4.

In this case 1:

connection channels 7, 8 boxes can be made telescopic education covered the perimeter areas of the outer surface of the channels 7 and the surface of the ducts 8 and the edges aligned openings 9;

- telescopic connection can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other;

cable channel 8 and channel 7 can be made in the form of two pairs of shaped tees-shaped form 10, such as ventilation, each of which has three pipe with the respective end openings, each of one pair of tees 10 has a pair of inlet connections with frontal holes, made in the form of openings 9, and one outlet nozzle, end hole, made in the form of open discharge 3, and each of the other pair of tees 10 has a pair of discharge nozzles, end holes made in the form of a connecting window 5, and one of the inlet to the outlet end hole made in the form of opposed window suction 6, the axes of the nozzles of the two pairs of tees 10 are located in one plane, and the angles between the axes of the pair of inlet connections of each tee 10 of the same pair and the angles between the axes of the pair of outlet PA the farmhouse Dating back each tee 10 other pair is 90° and the axis of the nozzles, arranged perpendicularly to each other, form a closed axis, and the corresponding nozzles contour;

each tee 10 may be made of a composite of sections of corrugated ducts or corrugated elastic axial compensation bellows;

- gaufre pair of inlet connections of each of the tees 10 one pair and a pair of discharge nozzles of each of the tees 10 other couples may have a spiral shape and to form a helical surface in one direction, for example the left.

In the fourth variant embodiment are the three body 1 of the device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections 2 under refrigeration machine with box discharge 3 each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections 2 and can accommodate between the last, with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections 2, the Central section 4 of the opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of window suction 5 to supply air in the partition associated with the pair placed on the perimeter of the Windows 6 and suction shutoff valves, the housing 1 consists of a hollow duct 7 and channel 8, for example, the ventilation duct, the duct 7 is made of three interconnected with the cavity of the window from which the od is about made in the form of open discharge 3, and the other two - as opposed window suction 5 and channel 8 has a pair of socket holes on the ends and made around the perimeter of the channel 8 a couple of window suction 6, which are located opposite to each other, and one of the end holes made in the form of open discharge 3, and the other end opening in the form of the connecting opening 9, and the channel 8 to the frame 7 are located relative to each other with an overlap around the perimeter of the connecting opening 9 of the wall of the duct 7 and the formation of connections perimeters boxes 7 and channel 8 and a pair of peripheral sections 2 and Central sections 4 to supply air to the peripheral section 2,consisting of two parts, one of which is the portion of the duct 7 with one pair of the opposed window suction 5 and the wall separating the channel 8 from the cavity of the duct 7, and the other part of the channel 8 with the other pair of the opposed window suction 6, and one of the peripheral sections 2 formed part of the duct 7 with the corresponding window discharge 3, and the other peripheral section 2 formed part of the channel 8 with the other window discharge 3.

In this case 1:

- opposed open suction channel 8 and box 7 can be performed in pairs coaxially;

connection channel 8 to the frame 7 may be made telescopic education covered the perimeter areas of the outer surface of the duct 7 and the inner surface of the channel 8;

connection can be made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped sections relative to each other;

box 7 may be made in the form placed coaxially channel 8 cups 10, at the open end which has a hole in the window injection of 3 and the side surface of the pair of holes in opposite window suction 5, while the other end of the glass can block the channel 8 on the inner perimeter of the connecting opening 9, and the glass 10 and/or the channel 8 may have the ability to move along the axis of the channel 8 and overlap the opposed window suction 5 and 6;

- the outer surface of the Cup 10 and the inner surface of the channel 8 may be made cylindrical, which can be done carving, and the connection - threaded;

the Cup 10 and the channel 8 may be made in the form of bellows 11 with helical corrugations form, forming a helical surface in one direction, for example, left, and connection type screw;

- axes of the two pairs of the opposed window suction 5 and 6 can be located in the same plane;

- f-box 5 suction Cup 10 can be made for installation in them shutoff valve 12 from the inner side of the Cup 10, and the opposed window suction 6 channel 8 may be made for installation in them shutoff valve 12 with the outer sides of the channel 8;

to the Rob 7 and channel 8 may be made in the form of electrically conductive heating element for inclusion in the chain 13 with a constant current source 14 with the formation of a pair of junctions 15 in the channel 8 and, accordingly, the duct 7, and the connection channel 8 to the frame 7 may be made in the form of conductive junction 16 type thermoelectric refrigerating machine, and the channel 8 and the box can be made of different metals or alloys, or semiconductor materials;

thermocouple can be performed with a high value of q for allocation on a conductive junction 16, the connecting duct 7 and channel 8, the Peltier heat abstracted from boxes 7 and channel 8.

The three housing 1 of the device for air conditioning works as follows.

In the first variant embodiment are three-section of the housing 1 (1-6) outer (atmospheric) air is blown through one of the Windows suction 6 in the circuit 5, which performs the functions of the Central section 4 and the inner (recirculated) air enters the circuit 5 through another window suction 6. Shut-off valves (not shown)installed in the circuit 5, are used for air distribution and mixing. From the circuit 5, the air ows through Windows 7 in the peripheral section 2, where the set is coupled to a refrigeration machine for thermal treatment of the air flow. From the peripheral sections 2 air is removed by means of respective fans through the open discharge 3. Connections circuit 5 from the periphery is diversified sections 2 split improves the manufacturability of the Assembly, and the telescopic connection of the sections involve the implementation of the peripheral sections 2 channels 8 with an aperture 9 for connection with the circuit 5 and the ability to move channels 8 with overlapping (full or partial) window suction 6 or openings 9, which is as regulation of air flow and cutoff channels 8 from the atmosphere and the service object.

The execution circuit 5 in the form of a torus provides a high degree of turbulence in counter-flow of air at a sufficiently low value of the aerodynamic drag, and the execution circuit 5 hypocycloidal provides a low aerodynamic resistance at relatively effective mixing of the air flow and the process of turbulence. Application circuit 5 corrugated duct or bellows ribbed spiral shape not only reduces noise and vibration, but also increases the efficiency of turbulence in opposing streams of air by twisting in opposite directions.

High manufacturability of the design three-section of the housing 1 due to lower consumption, which is achieved by combining functions: the proposed design of the circuit 5, its location relative to the peripheral sections 2 and new connections with peripheral sections 2 provide circuit 5 functions Central the Noah section 4.

The second variant embodiment are three-section of the housing 1 (Fig.7-8) differs from the first higher adaptability, due to lower consumption of peripheral sections 2 and circuit 5 of the entry opening 8 located on the inner perimeter of the loop 5 (according to the type of the entry opening of the open torus), which is a necessary consequence arising from structural features of the technical solution.

Outer (atmospheric) air is blown through one of the Windows suction 6 in the circuit 5, which performs the functions of the Central section 4 and the inner (recirculated) air enters the circuit 5 through another window suction 6. Shut-off valves (not shown)installed in the circuit 5, are used for air distribution and mixing. From the circuit 5, the air ows through Windows 7 in the peripheral section 2, where the set is coupled to a refrigeration machine for processing streams of air. From the peripheral sections 2 air is removed by means of respective fans through the open discharge 3.

Each of the peripheral sections 2 are made in the form box 9 with a pair of aligned Windows 10 for telescopic connection with the circuit 5. Run ducts 9 and circuit 5 detachable connectors 11) improves the manufacturability of the Assembly, and ensure fixing connecting the circuit 5 with 9 boxes increases operational reliability. The presence in each of the 9 boxes three boxes provides the ability to use as a peripheral sections of vent tees 12, which improves manufacturability by increasing the level of commonality.

The third variant embodiment are three-section of the housing 1 (Fig.9-11) differs from the second higher adaptability, due to the presence of four connecting boxes 5 and lower consumption.

Outer (atmospheric) air is blown through one of the Windows suction 6 in the corresponding vozduhoprovodyaschih channel 7 U-shaped or U-shaped, and the inner (recirculated) air enters through another window suction 6 in another vozduhoprovodyaschih channel 7 U-shaped or U-shaped. A pair of channel 7 along with a couple boxes of 8 forms a closed circuit in the connection of the connecting window 5 with the corresponding aligned openings 9. Shut-off valves (not shown)installed in the channels 7 are used for air distribution and mixing. Channel 7, the air flow from the junction boxes 5 are received in boxes 8, where the set is coupled to a refrigeration machine for thermal treatment of the air flow. From boxes 8 the air is removed by means of respective fans through the open discharge 3. The connections of the channels 7, 8 boxes those who escapisim improves manufacturability by reducing the overall size and provides control of air flow, and enabling fixation of the connection channels 7, 8 boxes increases operational reliability. The presence in each of the channels 7 three Windows 5 and 6, and each of the 8 boxes of the two openings 9 and window 3 offers the possibility to use as boxes 8 and ventilation channels 7 tees-shape, which improves manufacturability by increasing the level of commonality.

The fourth variant embodiment are three-section of the housing 1 (Fig-17) differs from the third higher adaptability, due to lack of a pair vozduhoprovodyaschih channels and lower consumption.

Outer (atmospheric) air is blown through the window suction 5 and 6 in box 7 and channel 8, which comprise the housing 1 and the inner (recirculated) air through another pair of boxes 5 and 6 located opposite relative to the first pair of boxes 5 and 6, supplied in a box 7 and channel 8, where counter flows are mixed. In box 7 and channel 8 are set coupled to a refrigeration machine for thermal treatment of the air flow. From boxes 7 and channel 8 the air is removed by means of respective fans through the open discharge 3. Connection boxes 7 channel 8 is formed by overlapping the connecting opening 9 channel 8 of the wall of the duct 7. With this Central section 4 is the C two parts, one part of the box with Windows 7 5 and the wall separating the cavity of the duct 7 from channel 8, and the other part of the channel 8 with Windows 6, and one of the peripheral sections 2 formed part of the duct 7 with the corresponding window discharge 3, and the other peripheral section 2 - part channel 8 with another window discharge 3. Telescopic connection channel 8 box 7 improves the manufacturability of the Assembly, and ensuring the fixing position of the boxes 7 on channel 8 in connection increases the operational reliability. Execution boxes 7 in the form of a Cup 10 can move along the axis of the channel 8 and a partial overlap of the Windows 6 or 5 provides both high technology, due to reduced overall size, and the regulation of air flow. The manufacturability of the threaded connection of the Cup 10 with a channel 8 is caused both by a reduction in material consumption, and increased reliability as a result of fixing the mutual position of the Cup 10 with respect to the channel 8 and the effective screw seal in the connection.

Increase of operational reliability are shut-off valves 12, installed in the Windows 5 and 6, and valves installed in the Windows 5 are located on the inner side of the Cup 10 and the valve 12 is installed in the Windows 6 are located on the outside of the channel 8. Reduction of noise and vibration on the secure the Cup 10 and the channel 8, made in the form of a helical bellows 11.

The execution of the boxes 7 and channel 8 in the form of conductive element for inclusion in the electrical circuit 13 with a constant current source 14 with the formation of a pair of junctions 15 and the connection channel 8 and the device 7 in the form of conductive junction 16 (type thermoelectric refrigeration machine)that produce heat Peltier allocated from boxes 7 and channel 8 extends the functional and technological features three-section of the housing 1.

Described variants of the structural design three-section of the device for air conditioning, as new in relation to the prototype, have compared with it's main feature is a higher adaptability, due to lower consumption, the trend of reduction which takes place in all four variants of the claimed design.

1. The three device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the latter with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections of the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of window suction is ment to air supply section, associated with the closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel path under the shut-off valves located on the perimeter of the circuit by a pair of Windows of the intake air flow in the circuit and a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for filing in the last of the air from the circuit and located at two lateral sides of the circuit between the Windows of suction, and the suction path is made opposite to the air supply section and the circuit is located between the peripheral sections so that a pair of sides forms compounds with the respective peripheral sections along their perimeters to ensure overlap the perimeters of the peripheral sections for submission to the last of the air from the coupling window and the formation of the Central section.

2. The device for air conditioning according to claim 1, in which the connection of the peripheral sections of the circuit are made detachable.

3. The device for air conditioning according to claim 2, in which each peripheral section is made in the form of a channel with a pair of end openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge, and the other in the form of an aperture for connection with the circuit, while the channels are ensuring alignment with the corresponding connecting Windows and connections are telescopic with the formation of Erkrath the perimeters of sections of the channels and path.

4. The device for air conditioning according to claim 3, in which is overlapped on the perimeters of the areas formed by the outer surfaces of the channels and the surface of the circuit located at the perimeters of the respective connection window.

5. The device for air conditioning according to claim 3, in which is overlapped on the perimeters of the areas formed by the outer surface contour and the inner surfaces of the respective channels.

6. The device for air conditioning according to claim 4, in which the channel and/or the circuit is mounted for movement along the axis of the channel overlap the corresponding aperture wall of the path.

7. The device for air conditioning according to claim 5, in which the channel and/or the circuit is mounted for movement along the axis of the channel overlapping the opposed window suction channel walls.

8. The device for air conditioning according to any one of p-7, in which the telescopic connection is made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of sections relative to each other.

9. The device for air conditioning according to any one of claims 1 to 5, in which the circuit is made in the form of a torus or doughnut or the circuit has hypocycloidal profile, closed the axis of which forms astroid, and horizontal window suction and connect the performance communications window is made in the vertices of the path.

10. The device for air conditioning according to any one of claims 1 to 9, in which the circuit is made of corrugated duct or elastic bellows.

11. The housing of the air conditioning devices of claim 10, in which the corrugations are helical form.

12. The three device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the latter with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeters of the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section, associated with a closed vozduhoprovodyaschih channel path under the shut-off valves with a closed axis and located on the perimeter of the circuit by a pair of Windows of the intake air flow in the circuit and a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for filing in the last of the air from circuit and placed on two sides of the circuit between the Windows of suction, and the suction path is made opposite to the air supply section, and the circuit has the entrance doorway, which is located on the inner perimeter of the loop-type through-openings of the open torus Iditarod, and each peripheral section is made in the form of a hollow box with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge, and the other two in the form of aligned Windows for connection with the respective lateral sides of the circuit providing bearing area closed axis of each side and the axes of the respective coaxially Windows, the path is oriented between the boxes so that each of the lateral sides overlaps a pair of aligned Windows of the corresponding boxes with education telescopic connections perimeters covered areas of the outer surface contour and surface boxes on edges aligned Windows for filing in a box of air from the connecting Windows, each of which is located between a pair of aligned Windows of the respective boxes, and the formation of the Central section.

13. The device for air conditioning according to item 12, in which each box is made detachable in the plane which contains the axis of the respective coaxially Windows, and/or the circuit has a pair of connectors in the plane transverse closed-loop axis, and located on the sides.

14. The device for air conditioning in one of p and 13, in which the connection path with boxes made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped on the perimeters of participants is impressive relative to each other.

15. The device for air conditioning in one of PP-14, in which each box is made T-shaped shaped tee, for example, the vent having three pipe with butt holes, two of which are made coaxial, with coaxial holes have views of aligned Windows for the connection circuit, and the third face hole has a view of the discharge.

16. The three device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the latter with the formation of compounds with them on the perimeters of the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section connected with vozduhoprovodyaschih controevrsyu channel under gate valves having a pair of connecting Windows opened in the corresponding peripheral section for filing in the last of the air from centuriesbecause channel, and a pair of window suction, located between the connecting Windows to air supply contorversy channel, which is made in the form of a pair vozduhoprovodyaschih channels of U-shaped or U-shaped, each of which is made is about three holes, two - face, and the third is located on the surface of the channel between the end holes, while the latter is in the form of connecting Windows and the hole located on the surface of the channel, in the form of a window suction, and the channels are oriented relative to each other to ensure oppositely window suction, and each peripheral section is made in the form of a hollow box with three connected through the cavity openings, one of which is made in the form of open discharge, and the other two in the form of coaxial openings for connection with the ends of the channels located between the boxes so that the axis of the openings are coaxially to the axes of the respective connection boxes, and each channel overlaps the pair of openings of different boxes with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of openings for feeding in a box of air from the coupling window and the formation of the Central section.

17. The device for air conditioning according to item 16, wherein the connection channels with boxes made telescopic education covered the perimeter areas of the outer surface of the channels and the surface of the boxes on the edges of the aligned openings.

18. The device for air conditioning on 17, in which the telescopic connection is made with the possibility of fixing the position blocked by Prime the frame sections relative to each other.

19. The device for air conditioning according to clause 16, in which the ducts and channels are made respectively in the form of two pairs of shaped tees-shaped, for example ventilation, each of which has three pipe with the respective end openings, each of one pair of tees has a pair of inlet connections with frontal holes, made in the form of openings, and one outlet nozzle, end hole, made in the form of open discharge, and each of the other pair of tees has a pair of discharge nozzles, end holes formed in the connection window, and one of the inlet to the outlet end hole made in the form of opposed window suction, when the axes of the nozzles of the two pairs of tees are in the same plane, and the angles between the axes of the pair of inlet connections of each tee of one pair and the angles between the axes of the pair of discharge nozzles each tee the other pair is 90°and the axis of the nozzles, arranged perpendicularly to each other, form a closed axis, and the corresponding nozzles path.

20. The device for air conditioning according to claim 19, in which each tee made of composite sections corrugated ducts or corrugated elastic axial comp is salonnyj bellows.

21. The device for air conditioning according to claim 20, in which the corrugations of the pair of inlet connections of each of the tees one pair and a pair of discharge nozzles of each of the tees other couples have a spiral shape and form helical surface in one direction, for example, left.

22. The three device for air conditioning, containing a pair of peripheral sections under refrigeration machine with box discharge in each for connection with a corresponding fan and remove air from the peripheral sections and can accommodate between the latter with the formation of compounds on the perimeters of the peripheral sections, the Central section with opposed spaced relation to each other by a pair of Windows of the suction air supply section that is associated with a pair placed on the perimeter of the window suction and shut-off valves, and the housing consists of a hollow box and channel, for example, the ventilation duct, the duct is made of three interconnected with the cavity of the window, from which one made in the form of open discharge, and the other two - as opposed window suction, and the channel has a pair of socket holes on the ends and made around the perimeter of the channel a couple of boxes of suction, which are located opposite to each other, and one of the end holes made in the form of Windows nagne the project, and the other end opening in the form of the connecting opening, and the channel box are located relative to each other with an overlap around the perimeter of the connecting opening of the wall box and the formation of connections perimeter trunking and channel and a pair of peripheral sections and the Central section to supply air to the peripheral section comprising two parts, one of which is part of the box with one pair of the opposed window suction and the wall that separates the channel from the cavity of the box, and the other part of the channel with another pair of the opposed window suction, and one of the peripheral sections formed part of the boxes with the appropriate box, discharge, and the other peripheral section formed part of the channel with another window injection.

23. The device for air conditioning according to article 22, in which the opposed window suction channel and box made in pairs coaxially.

24. The device for air conditioning according to any one of p and 23, in which the connection channel box made telescopic education covered the perimeter areas of the outer surface of the duct and the inner surface of the channel.

25. The device for air conditioning according to paragraph 24, in which the connection is made with the possibility of fixing the position overlapped sections relative to each other.

26. Cor is the Central device for air conditioning according to any one of p and 25, in which the box is made in the form placed coaxially with the channel of the Cup at the open end which has a hole in the window of the discharge and on the side surface of the pair of holes in opposite window suction, while the other end of the glass overlaps the channel on the inner perimeter of the connecting opening, and a glass and/or the channel has the ability to move along the axis of the channel and overlapping the opposed window suction.

27. The device for air conditioning on p, in which the outer surface of the Cup and the inner surface of the channel is cylindrical, which made the thread, and the threaded connection.

28. The device for air conditioning on p, in which the glass and the channel is made in the form of bellows ribbed spiral shape, forming a helical surface in one direction, for example, the left, and the connection is made the type of thread.

29. The device for air conditioning according to any one of p and 23, in which the axes of the two pairs of the opposed window suction are located in one plane.

30. The device for air conditioning according to any one of p-29, in which the opposed window suction nozzle for installation in them shutoff valves on the inner side of the glass and the opposite window suction channel will the tive for installation in them shutoff valves on the outside of the channel.

31. The device for air conditioning according to any one of p and 23, 29, in which the duct and the channel is made in the form of electrically conductive heating element for inclusion in a circuit with a constant current source with the formation of a pair of junctions in the channel and consequently the frame, and a connection channel with box made in the form of conductive junction-type thermoelectric refrigerating machine, and a channel box made of different metals, or alloys or semiconductor materials.

32. The device for air conditioning on p in which thermocouple is made with a high value of q for allocation on a conductive junction connecting the duct and the channel, the Peltier heat abstracted from the boxes and channel.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: air-conditioning and ventilation systems for living and public buildings.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes plenum-exhaust unit with air valves, filter, plate-type recuperative heat exchanger, air cooler, supply fan connected with supply pipe line; mounted in way of exhaust air flow are filter, plate-type heat utilizer, exhaust fan and pipe line of evacuation of exhaust air into atmosphere. Mounted in way of exhaust air before plate-type recuperative heat utilizer is electric air heater which is switched on by pulse of sensors monitoring forming of ice crusts on surfaces of plate-type passages in zone where moisture is condensed at cooling and dehumidifying of exhaust air. Mounted in way of flow of supply air after plate-type recuperative heat utilizer is supply air temperature control sensor which is connected by pulse communication with multi-flap air valve of air bypass passages; supply air ducts are connected to ejection-type terminals mounted under windows of building being serviced; their heat exchangers are connected with centralized and/or local heat and cold sources; connecting pipe lines are provided with automatic valves connected with room temperature sensors. Proposed system ensures control of ice crusts on plate-type heat exchanger with no reduction in recuperation factor; this system also provides for use of natural cold of outside air for removal for excessive heat in spaces served.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 dwg

The invention relates to air conditioning systems and ventilation and can be used as a horizontal coupled monoblock air conditioner duct type and supply and exhaust block

The invention relates to air handling systems in buildings and can be used to prevent icing of the edges of the roof and the formation of icicles

Air conditioning // 2227254
The invention relates to air conditioning systems and can be used in refrigeration and heat pumps

Air conditioning // 2219441
The invention relates to techniques for air-conditioning based on the use of thermocouples with the Peltier effect

Air conditioning // 2213910
The invention relates to techniques for conditioning air, namely, air conditioners working with the use of vortex tubes, and can be used to cool areas with low humidity, hot, foundries, as well as in areas with dry and hot climate

The invention relates to the field of engineering, specifically for air conditioning systems

Air conditioning // 2199061
The invention relates to refrigeration and can be used for the artificial creation of favorable climatic conditions in homes, visual enterprises, administrative and public institutions, railway and road transport

The invention relates to air conditioning systems and can be used in refrigeration and heat pumps

The invention relates to air conditioning systems and ventilation and can be used as a horizontal coupled monoblock air conditioner duct type and supply and exhaust block

FIELD: ventilation, heating or cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ventilation device contains at least two impellers passing along one axle or revolution, each being made for suction of ambient air in cross direction over considerable part of length of impeller. It has also motor connected with impellers to provided rotation around said axle, at least one bolding member at each end of each impeller, cover covering holding members and impellers provided with holes to let in and let out of air from impellers. Cover is furnished also with connector to connected cover with holding members. Holding members are made for interaction with connector of cover to connect cover and holding members. Ventilation device can be installed together with heating or cooling pipe. Impellers are made for directing considerable part of air flow from impellers is cross direction along outer surface of pipe and back into ambient atmosphere. Building can contain at least two rooms and at least one of ventilation devices described above. Method of operation of ventilation device includes counteraction to heat transfer owing to natural convection by operating impellers to create convection opposite to natural convection. Holding member which holds at least one pipe in fixed position, pipe being laid in longitudinal direction, is adapted for fixing pipe is cross direction relative to holding member and fixing the pipe relative to holding member with possibility of disconnection. Holding member has open surface through which pipe can be fitted in holding member in cross direction by relative movement of holding member and pipe. System to change temperature in at least two rooms of building contains heating or cooling pipe passing between said rooms. System contains great number of ventilation devices, each being adapted for mounting in each room near said pipe. Ventilation device is adapted to create air flow across pipe and it contains control system to operate each ventilation device to change intensity of heat transfer from pipe into ambient medium by changing air flow rate. Method to regulated intensity of heat transfer from cooling or heating pipe in building having at least tow rooms, heating or cooling pipe passing from first room into second one and ventilation device arranged in each room near pipe includes the following operation: control of ventilation device to create air flow across pipe, control of ventilation device to change air flow rate and thus change intensity of heat transfer from pipe.

EFFECT: improved ventilation of building.

85 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: ventilation, heating or cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ventilation device contains at least two impellers passing along one axle or revolution, each being made for suction of ambient air in cross direction over considerable part of length of impeller. It has also motor connected with impellers to provided rotation around said axle, at least one bolding member at each end of each impeller, cover covering holding members and impellers provided with holes to let in and let out of air from impellers. Cover is furnished also with connector to connected cover with holding members. Holding members are made for interaction with connector of cover to connect cover and holding members. Ventilation device can be installed together with heating or cooling pipe. Impellers are made for directing considerable part of air flow from impellers is cross direction along outer surface of pipe and back into ambient atmosphere. Building can contain at least two rooms and at least one of ventilation devices described above. Method of operation of ventilation device includes counteraction to heat transfer owing to natural convection by operating impellers to create convection opposite to natural convection. Holding member which holds at least one pipe in fixed position, pipe being laid in longitudinal direction, is adapted for fixing pipe is cross direction relative to holding member and fixing the pipe relative to holding member with possibility of disconnection. Holding member has open surface through which pipe can be fitted in holding member in cross direction by relative movement of holding member and pipe. System to change temperature in at least two rooms of building contains heating or cooling pipe passing between said rooms. System contains great number of ventilation devices, each being adapted for mounting in each room near said pipe. Ventilation device is adapted to create air flow across pipe and it contains control system to operate each ventilation device to change intensity of heat transfer from pipe into ambient medium by changing air flow rate. Method to regulated intensity of heat transfer from cooling or heating pipe in building having at least tow rooms, heating or cooling pipe passing from first room into second one and ventilation device arranged in each room near pipe includes the following operation: control of ventilation device to create air flow across pipe, control of ventilation device to change air flow rate and thus change intensity of heat transfer from pipe.

EFFECT: improved ventilation of building.

85 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: air-conditioning and plenum-exhaust ventilation systems.

SUBSTANCE: according to first version proposed body has pair of peripheral sections for refrigerating machine with delivery port in each of them for connection with respective fan and evacuation of air from peripheral sections; central section is located between peripheral sections with pair of opposing suction ports for delivery of air to sections; it is connected with closed air supply passage for shut-off valves; it is provided with pair of suction ports for delivery of air to passage and pair of connecting ports which are open towards respective peripheral sections for delivery of air from passage to these sections; suction ports of passage are opposing; passage is located between peripheral sections in such way that pair of lateral sides forms connection with respective peripheral sections over their perimeters, thus ensuring shutting-off of sections. Body may be made in three versions.

EFFECT: facilitated manufacture; enhanced efficiency; reduced usage of materials; simplified construction.

32 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: air-conditioning.

SUBSTANCE: heat barrier comprises rectangular frame interposed between the top and bottom plates to form a space inside the heat barrier. The space is filled with a material that can be solidified inside the heat barrier to provide connection between the walls of the heat barrier and between the walls and plates. The seal is convex and has L-shaped member whose first arm is set in the bottom groove made in the wall and second arm is provided with flexibly deformed convex member made for permitting flexible deformation when it abuts against the other part of the device for transporting.

EFFECT: improved design.

7 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: air conditioning.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises modules provided with the frame that form mutually perpendicular rectangular ports closed by means of fitted panels secured in the ports and sealing module for sealing panels with respect to the ports made of tubular structural members arranged over periphery of each port for panels so that each port has common structural member with the adjacent perpendicularly oriented port. Each common structural member has a guide oriented along the structural members and sealing unit mounted on the guide and provided with plank whose opposite ends are provided with the convex seals so that the seal arranged along one of the edges of the plank is capable to seal the butt with the first panel mounted in one of the adjacent ports, and the seal mounted along the other edge of the plank is capable to seal the butt with the second panel mounted in the other adjacent port.

EFFECT: improved design.

8 cl, 7 dwg

Air duct // 2298736

FIELD: air conditioning or ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: air duct comprises a number of interconnected modules that define the air duct and are provided with the panels with frames having members (32,42) made of metallic pipes and locking mechanism (52). The locking mechanism has male locking unit mounted on member (32) of the frame of the panel of the first module and provided with valving rod (54) made for permitting movement form the disconnection position to the locking position and female locking unit mounted on member (42) of the frame of the panel of the second module and made of groove (44) for receiving and locking rod (54) in the locking position. The mechanism has means for moving locking rod (54) from the disconnecting position to the locking position in which the female and male locking units are located to provide the modules to be interconnected.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and simplified assembling.

2 dwg

FIELD: means of protection.

SUBSTANCE: shield is designed for protecting operators against intensive irradiation. Shield contains a rigid frame made from thermal protective material, and external layers made of perforated plates or grids, which are related thereto; on both sides of the frame between surfaces of protective external layers there arranged are layers made from corrugated thermal-protective material, for example alfol, at that, the shield can be both stationary and portable.

EFFECT: improving efficiency and reliability of microclimate creation process in hot workshops.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: air conditioning unit can blow the conditioned air to the required distance effectively, thus preventing short circuits. In particular, panel (7) for directing the air flow, which is composed of housing (8) of closing panel, which closes outlet channel (4) and housing (9) of protruding panel for continuation of housing (8) of closing panel, with possibility of rotation, is located near lower periphery of end of outlet channel (4). When panel (7) for directing the air flow is rotated and in position to open outlet channel (4), there formed is surface (22) for directing air flow of housing (3) of closing panel, which has sunk bent solid surface passing to lower wall surface (21) which has sunk bent surface and forms air flow channel (20).

EFFECT: improving reliability.

19 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: in a ceiling conditioner a screw is fixed to an inner unit, which is designed to fix a panel and attaches the decorative panel to the inner unit built into the ceiling, moreover, the specified screw has an intermediate section of smaller diameter arranged without thread. The decorative panel is equipped with an element for panel fixation, which attaches the decorative panel and is made with the possibility of its sliding forward and moving backward, at the same time the element for panel fixation is equipped with a screw that is in contact engagement with a slot, and after its sliding forward it is in contact engagement with the screw for panel fixation.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability.

1 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: in system of tight connection of tubular parts for transmission of substances similar to air, and namely for transmission of smokes or vapours to be discharged; each section includes an enclosed and an enclosing ends, which are axially opposite to each other; each enclose end of one section has the possibility of being connected by fitting in the enclosing end of the neighbouring tubular section. The above ends have the possibility of being connected to each other using the bayonet connection method. System also includes corresponding guide means and counter means on enclosed and enclosing ends of each section to provide the connection of two adjacent tubular sections to each other by means of axial fitting so that enclosed end of one tubular section enters the corresponding enclosing end of the neighbouring tubular section with unique mutual orientation of tubular sections connected to each other. Interrelation of the system design elements is described.

EFFECT: invention improves connection reliability of tubular sections.

8 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to a structure of an internal air conditioner unit. The latter includes a panel base, a rear part of the housing and the front panel; in which the panel base envelopes the side part and the upper part of the air conditioner and is designed for installation of the front panel; the rear part of the housing envelopes the rear part of the air conditioner; and the front panel is installed on the front part of the air conditioner and is tightly connected to the panel base; in which the panel base, the rear part of the housing and the front panel form an internal cavity of the air conditioner, inside which a heat exchanger, control elements and a fan unit is installed; the side surface of the internal air conditioner unit has a U-shaped structure; the front surface, the rear surface and the lower surface of the lower part of the internal air conditioner unit is formed with two or more bent surfaces; the front panel includes the first panel element, the second panel element and the third panel element in a downward direction; a profile of the cross section of the first panel component is represented with a straight line or a curved line, the curvature of which tends to zero; and a hole for installation of the rear part of the housing is located on the rear part of the panel base; and the rear projection is located on the lower edge of the hole.

EFFECT: this invention aims at provision of a simple design of an internal air conditioner unit.

21 cl, 8 dwg

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