Electric heater

FIELD: electric heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of development of electric heaters nepravelnogo type, intended for heating of any type and purpose, including residential, farm houses, country houses, trailers, as well as for industrial and other purposes.

Known heating appliance having a flat body with a mount for fastening to the wall, installed inside perforated panel mounted on the back side of the heater with the current-carrying floor, switching tires and current leads, where the heater is made in the form fixed by thermal contact with the back side of the panel plate of a dielectric material coated on the other side of the current-carrying coating and switching tires, plates are 3 mm beyond the contact zone, and each plate is provided with a locking device in the form of pairs tied skoboobraznye springs, profiled strips of dielectric material, one of which is installed in the holes panel with its front side and is made with a hollow under a spring fixed in the grooves of the panel, the current leads are made in the form placed between the profiled bars-side switching flat tire inserts, and an inner surface of the housing within which and with reflective coating (see patent USSR No. 1471956, MKI F24 With 7/00, publ. 7.04.89, bull. No. 13 “Heating appliance”).

Known heating appliance is very difficult to manufacture, has a lot of complicated manufactured parts, which are expensive, bulky, for the manufacture of its elements require a substantial amount of non-ferrous metals, including silver.

The closest technical solution to the technical nature of the proposed solution adopted for the prototype, is the radiator, with a marble slab, made in the form of housing, heating element nepravelnogo type, made in the form of printed circuit boards from a sheet of foil fiberglass. The heating element is mounted on a marble slab adhesive Mylar film having adhesive layers on both sides. The film is pasted on one side of the conductive surface of the copper tracks of the heating element, the other side is glued to the surface of the marble slabs, simultaneously performing the role of the insulating strip. Switching displayed on one of the long sides of the heater. As the attachment applied furniture bolts protruding heads on the obverse surface of the marble slabs. Marble slab subjected to polishing on both sides and thoroughly dried before gluing Mylar film (see prospectus SUN STONE, Marmorheizung not eccai firm “Herstellung und Vertriebs-GmbH and addition.)

Known heater has completely heating element, with which the back side is not protected from burns and electric shock if you accidentally touch. The use of cross-cutting steel bolts facing heads on the front side of the marble slabs are subjected to the risk of a burn if you accidentally touch them. Accidentally covered or obscured by the front surface of the radiator can cause the device to overheat and catch fire, because there is no safety thermal switch. The connection of the heating element with a marble slab by means of double-sided adhesive Mylar film requires careful polishing of marble with two sides and a thorough drying, otherwise bad connection leads to the formation of local air gaps, overheating of the heating element and the output of the last failure. Double-sided polishing of marble and drying leads to higher production technologies heaters.

The basis of the invention is the task of creating heater, transmitting its heat energy into the room where it is installed, infrared radiation, with high efficiency using a plastic heating element connected to a marble slab with heat-resistant is tsuushin silicon layer, and from the back side on the heater installed protective gipsovolokonnye panel, in the Lumina and its heating element, in the body of a marble slab placed fasteners electric heaters that do not have pass-through outlet on the front side of its parts, which ensures minimum power consumption, easy manufacture, and provides high heat, heat resistance, fire safety and safety of the device from the point of view of the accidental touching of its parts.

The solution of this problem is achieved by the fact that the heater, with a marble slab as a housing mounted on it a plastic nepovoljnim heating element, the switching of which is displayed in the junction box, and fastening elements, according to the invention, the heating element is connected with a marble slab heat-resistant silicone layer, and the back side it has a protective gipsovolokonnye panel, in the Lumina and its heating element placed fasteners electric heaters do not have through-out their parts on the front side of a marble slab with the pins switching and the switch is placed in the transverse clearance between the two parts of the resistive layer of the heating element on the center electrolog is avatele and installed in the junction box.

The fastening elements of the heater in locations fixed with epoxy composition.

The proposed solution compared to the prototype more economical by reducing electricity consumption through the installation of insulating protective gipsovolokonnyh panel on the back of the heater.

The proposed technical solution, the distinctive features are not characteristic of the whole parts of a whole object, which may themselves be integers and are independent objects with their functions, so in isolation from the other parts (signs), they are not classified, and the set of features described in the characterizing part of the formula, was not found in the known technical solutions, so the proposed solution meets the requirement of “inventive step”.

The technical result of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the heater by reducing electricity consumption by installing protective gipsovolokonnyh panel on the back of the radiator, reducing the cost of production technologies due to the exclusion of careful polishing both sides of the marble slabs and drying, as is the case with the prototype, as well as increased heat transfer, heat resistance, fire safety and security priborov General, from the point of view of the accidental touching of heater elements.

The connection of a marble slab with a heating element in heat-resistant silicone layer provides higher thermal stability and long-term reliability of connection of the heating element with a marble slab, which eliminates air gaps between the marble slab and the heating element, which carries local prograne heating element and its failure.

The use of protective gipsovolokonnyh panel from the back side of the heater provides protection from accidental contact with the heating element and current-carrying parts, reflects the heat flux emanating from its back side, directing the heat flow back into the body of the marble slabs, the front side which makes this heat flux in the infrared radiation passing, thus, thermal energy of the heater in the room in which it is installed.

In the Lumina of the heating element and gipsovolokonnyh panels fasteners that do not have through-out their parts on the front side of the marble slabs and secured in the body of a marble slab with epoxy composition. Marble slab, as a dielectric, restricts access to the current conducting elements of the heater with those of lyceums the second side, and fasteners firmly pasted into the body of the marble slabs that provides insulation, stable and durable mounting position of the heater on the wall or on the ceiling of the room.

Conclusions switching and thermal switch is placed in the transverse clearance of the two parts of the resistive layer of the heating element and set on the center of the heater at the junction box, i.e. in the zone of maximum heat concentration that provides a fast response time and temperature switch off heater in case of overheating and a more uniform distribution of heat across the entire surface of the marble slab at her work.

The whole set of essential features of the formula ensured the creation of an efficient heater with high heat transfer, heat resistance, fire safety and security from the perspective of accidental touching elements of the radiator, through the use of protective connective elements, as well as a reliable heat-resistant materials in its construction.

The proposed device of the heater represented in the drawings, where:

figure 1 - the General view of the device;

figure 2 - top view.

In the inventive device, the heater consists of a marble plate 1, which is the body of the heater, to the th from the back side secured silicon layer 2 plastic neprosadochnyh heating element 3 with a transverse opening in the resistive layer 4. The heating element 3 from the back side is covered by a fixed gipsovolokonnyh cover panel 5, is covered with two sides hardening heat-resistant adhesive composition of the silicates. In the body of the marble slabs 1 in the Lumina 6 gipsovolokonnyh panel 5 and the heating element 3 is glued four galvanized steel studs 7 with metric thread M8, not having through their exit on the front side of the marble slabs 1, attached epoxy compound 8. Conclusions switching 9 and the switch 10 is placed in the transverse lumen of the resistive layer 4 in the center of the heater and installed in the junction box 11.

The heater operates as follows.

When a voltage is applied to the ends of the conclusions of the switching 9, through the safety switch 10, the resistive layer of the heating element 3 is formed by thermal energy. Through contact with a marble plate 1 through the silicon layer 2 heats marble slab 1 to the working temperature. In turn, the hot plate 1 converts thermal energy in the infra-red heat flux, heating the room in which is installed a heater. Partial withdrawal of thermal energy and the loss of it from the back side of the heater prevents gipsovolokonnye panel 5. It reflects the energy, directing her back in the ate of the heater, increasing its efficiency up to 15% compared to the prototype. When possible random cover or block the front of the radiating surface of the heater, excluding waste infrared flux in space, contributing to the overheating of the heater and possible fire increases the temperature in the area where is located thermal switch 10, that is in the center of the heater, which will disconnect the heater from the electrical outlet. The temperature of operation of thermal switch 10 is equal to 95°C.

1. A heater comprising a plate in the housing, secured to it by means of a heat-resistant plastic layer neprosadochnyh heating element from the back side which has a protective panel, the conclusions of the commutation placed in the transverse clearance between the two parts of the resistive layer of the heating element, characterized in that it contains a switch and fastening elements, the plate is made of marble, the protective panel - gipsovolokonnyh, as a heat-resistant layer used silicon layer, the conclusions of the switching and the switch is placed in the transverse clearance between the two parts of the heating element in the center of the heater and installed in the junction box and mounting the elements, not having through-out their parts on the front side of a marble slab, placed in the Lumina gipsovolokonnyh plate and the heating element of the heater.

2. The heater according to claim 1, characterized in that the fastening elements of the heater in the places of their installation are fixed with epoxy composition.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and can be used for volumetric heating of objects in a confined space

The invention relates to the field of special requests and can be used for heating residential and domestic premises due to combination of directed flows of infrared radiation and convection currents, as well as for industrial purposes for drying wood, sand, grain and livestock and poultry premises

The invention relates to the field of electric power industry, for construction of electric appliances for domestic hot water, space heating, heating of liquids in environmentally friendly research systems science and industry, biology and marine science, particularly when both are required for their performance and quietness

Heaters // 2139643
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique, in particular to convection heaters, and is designed for air heating of residential premises and provide thermal comfort in the cold season

Heaters // 2138928
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique, in particular to convection heaters, and is designed for air heating of residential premises in the cold season

The invention relates to a household electrical heating technology for heating of residential buildings

Heaters // 2125349
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique, in particular to convection heaters, and can be used for heating air and create thermal comfort in residential, industrial, construction and other areas in the cold season

Heaters // 2108689
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique used to create the premises of thermal comfort in the cold season, in particular, convection heaters, and is intended for heating of air by convective heat transfer

The heater // 2108008
The invention relates to electric heating tap water and can be used in everyday life, science, agriculture and medicine

The invention relates to a device for floor heating

The invention relates to a heating
The invention relates to the electric power industry, in particular, to the creation of funds for heating of residential, public and industrial premises, and is designed to meet vital human needs

Heating element // 2194922

The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used indoors

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, namely, electric heating systems used for space heating, roof, etc

The invention relates to energy and can be used mainly for heating water heating systems and water supply

Heaters // 2139643
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique, in particular to convection heaters, and is designed for air heating of residential premises and provide thermal comfort in the cold season

Heaters // 2138928
The invention relates to the electrical heating technique, in particular to convection heaters, and is designed for air heating of residential premises in the cold season

Electric heater // 2248504

FIELD: electric heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg

Up!