Mobile research complex

FIELD: shipbuilding; manufacture of mobile research complexes.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex is made in form of ship with small waterplane area having upper and lower hulls interconnected by means of telescopic columns for disconnection and autonomous motion of these hulls. Lower hull is submersible vehicle and upper hull is amphibian. Both hulls are provided with greenhouses and power units for generation of energy for motion of complex, domestic and technological purposes, as well as for growing vegetables, sea products and production of distilling water by motion of spheres with plant containers located spirally on their surfaces, thus ensuring generation of electric power. In addition to vegetation tubes with plants growing chains are provided where sea products are contained for distilling sea water by change in pressure and level of illumination and growing chains for growing fish and preparation of nutrient solution for plants. Lower hull is provided with plankton trawls for delivery of plankton for greenhouse and power plants of lower and upper hulls for growing fish and sea products. Amphibian supplies fresh air to submersible vehicle through its collector; it is also used for transportation of sections for erection of scientific research station. Provision is made for delivery of light to submersible vehicle through lenses, light conduits and structural sections and light conduits of collector of vehicle.

EFFECT: environment control.

4 cl, 22 dwg

 

The invention relates to a transport and inhabited objects, intended for operation in the climatic conditions of the Arctic. The aim of the invention is a device suitable for carrying out a year-round system research team of scientists optimum size of the Arctic zone, thus safe for the environment.

Currently, these studies are conducted using large icebreaking vessels [1]. However, these vessels are not flexible enough to move in a long-term (pack) drifting ice in all year round. In addition, using diesel or nuclear fuel, icebreakers cannot provide the necessary sterility in the study of the pristine natural environment of the Arctic.

Known amphibian, adapted to overcome the ice hummocks [2]. However, it also runs on diesel fuel and require periodic refueling fuel. Known underwater vessel with detachable apparatus used for the extraction of organic minerals as an adjuvant [3]. However, systematic studies suggest simultaneous study of atmospheric, hydrological and other areas, which with the help of this tool, also running on diesel fuel, cannot be achieved.

Known transformable mobile is to establish, suitable for the natural conditions of the North and Siberia [4]. However, for this construction were not designed delivery vehicles and for heating, mainly used solar energy, and as you know, in the Arctic, a significant proportion of cloudy days in a year.

A transport-inhabited complex, representing a multi-effect device that includes a housing and blocks placed above the sea surface, underwater and on the surface of the ice-field, self-employed in year-round non-polluting energy, food, fresh water and clean air, suitable for research in the Arctic.

As the thruster is used in the complex greenhouse and energy devices for the generation of energy to move complex, domestic, and technological needs, as well as the production of vegetables, seafood and staff of desalinated water.

The complex includes a top surface (nalednyi) housing, lower underwater (ice) housing and periodically connecting the telescopic columns, allowing complex with regard to ice move or as a combined vehicle, or in split mode, with both upper and lower case posted by the greenhouse and energy devices, each of which contains the ERU, equipped with a circular stator of the generator and the mechanism of its rotation around the Central vertical axis of the spiral is laid on the surface of the circular pipe in which installed vegetation pipe placed in them conveyors with plants, leading to their moving in circular motion the specified field, despite the fact that each plant is provided a lighting device [5].

Around vegetation pipe inside the annular spiral pipe laid desalination nursery circuit containing the high-pressure chamber, chamber low pressure chamber of the regeneration of the nutrient solution for plants, camera collecting brine and recompression chambers interconnected by means of connecting pipes placed in the cells of marine organisms under certain conditions, in particular in the light and at low pressure, to absorb salt [6]. In the cavity of the structural shell ring spiral pipes placed camera with electricity organisms (EGO) (stingrays, catfishes, eels) [7, 4, P.51, 66], implemented with the ability to move and stick to the high-pressure cells, where EGO, neutralizing the individual marine fauna and eating them, produce the electric current pulse which enters the chambers of the low pressure, where the flash with ecologo device, located in the chamber, and the pressure drop water is freshened, with the surplus accumulated current directed to the technological needs and, in particular, to a lighting plant in the vegetation the pipe. Plants, tending to the light sources located at the bottom, move yourself and move the entire conveyor vegetation in the pipe [5].

In addition to nursery desalination circuits in the annular pipe spiral around the vegetation pipes laid rearing fish chain, which includes chambers with sea water rich in plankton, sponges, crustaceans and fish, and individual cells are interconnected by the connecting pipes. In accordance with studies under the ice cover of the Arctic detected a high concentration of organic substances of all, bio - and zooplankton, which feed on crustaceans, which are a favorite food for fish, particularly herring, sprat, sprat and other species [1]. Plankton is not only in water, but is embedded in the bottom surface of the ice, which gives ice yellowish color. In turn, crustaceans, studies have shown, in the daytime, reacting to light up the depths of the sea and hunt the mass of plankton. At the same time, crustaceans, fleeing from pursuing their fish, when danger threatened hide among sponges in their cavities than due to the symbiosis of sponges and R is ccov [7, Vol. 1, P.146-147; Vol.2, S-320]. Thus, in the cells of the fish rearing circuit uses the natural habitat of the Northern seas, where sponges and crustaceans feed on plankton, and Atlantic herring hunt crustaceans [7, 4, S]. As the light pulse is necessary in order crustaceans left cavity of the sponge, is the EGO, the camera with which periodically sticks to the cameras rearing fish chain, where electric ray will neutralize herring, and an electrical impulse is passed on lighting cameras this circuit and lights the vegetation of the pipe. Over the fields of green energy devices installed premises seedlings, fish hatchery, where they grow crustaceans, juvenile fishes and stingrays, as well as planktonkunde. Under areas are areas of harvest and catch of fish and seafood, where upon selection of fruits, fish and seafood are on the table staff or come in the regeneration chamber, where they are processed and used as a nutrient solution for the plants.

Taking into account the probabilistic nature of the greenhouse and energy devices and, in particular, cases of unsuccessful hunting EGO he is given the opportunity of repeat attempts and the corresponding increase of the sites with the suction chamber from the EGO to the cameras nursery chains. To do this, if estvo orbits orbits moving the camera with the EGO, these cameras can change the speed, more the number of turns nursery chain in an annular pipe, and they orbit cameras with EGO form a spiral around the nursery chains, which increases the reliability of the desalination process.

The upper housing complex made with the possibility of overcoming the hummocks and periodic connection with the lower housing by means located in the lower body of the telescopic columns, move air cushion, with the possibility to accommodate containers with collapsible structures buildings and equipment necessary for unloading and installation in the design position of the containers on the ice surface, as well as compressors for injection into the cavity of the inventory columns freezing in the cold fluid for the construction of prefabricated structures.

Bottom underwater housing is equipped with planktonofile trawl was used to collect the bio - and zooplankton from the sea water and the bottom surface of the ice cover, used for green energy devices, in addition, this body is equipped with manned and unmanned underwater vehicles, probes, scanning systems and radio stations for research, precluding contamination of the outside environment.

Collapsible building, erected on the ice surface, represents nagatani construction in which the containers used for the storage of prefabricated structures, are both the Foundation of the building, unheated layer between the building and the ice surface, a support for inventory telescopic racks that serve as the backbone when lifting floors together with attached wall structures separate floors. And after wall construction took a design position, inventory racks are used as coolants and Teplopribor, while the exterior walls of the building cover enclosing structures with effective insulation and lenses capable of focusing the light of day and send it through the cylindrical cavity in the ceiling, covered with reflective film, a light guide for lighting buildings and underwater housing through the slit light refracted through the collector that is installed in the polynya done in ice using heat units located in upper case.

Thus, the upper housing provides lower underwater housing fresh air, and the building is fluorescent light. The lower case provides the upper body plankton. Both buildings provide building energy for heating and lighting in the dark. The connection between the two housings are carried out through the collectors of the telescopic columns in momentaneamente complex on the water and through the collapsible building after its installation.

In case of force majeure situations, the building can be quickly disassembled, relocated and installed at the new location. In addition, it has zero buoyancy as assembled and disassembled and can be towed to a safe place.

The mobile station is equipped with an automatic control system, located on a Central point of management of scientific research, and contains an operator of the computing device, a terminal and an interface associated with sensors and actuators to the control units of the engine lower housing, compressor Assembly building, telescopic pillars, green energy devices, supply chain complex plankton, subsea landers, probes and scanning devices and systems of independent radio stations.

Figure 1 presents the context of the complex when moving through the water along a-a in figure 2; figure 2 is a plan surface of the hull at the level B-B in figure 1; figure 3 - incision complex when you move in conditions of ice cover along a-a in figure 1; figure 4 is a plan bottom level In figure 3; figure 5 is a section of the complex with the established building along a-a in figure 1; figure 6 - the plan of the building in a project position at the level of G-g of figure 5; figure 7 is a cut greenhouse and energy device d-D on Fig; Fig - plan circular pipes on ur is outside e-E figure 7; figure 9 is a fragment of a circular pipe with vegetation pipe and cameras with EGO (axonometric); figure 10 is a cross-section of the vegetation pipe (fragment); figure 11 - diagram of connections between cells nursery chain with seafood; Fig - same with fish; Fig - cross section of a circular pipe and tube with EGO on one of the orbits on W-W figure 9; Fig the same, 3-3; Fig the same, And; Fig the same To the To; Fig the same, L-L; Fig - same (M-M; Fig - device optical fibers in the slab precast buildings (axonometric); Fig - section of the overlapping N-N on Fig; Fig - fragment of the building, section a-a figure 6; Fig - automated control system (scheme).

Figure 1-8 lists the sections and plans of the complex, where in the upper housing 1 and lower housing 2 are installed greenhouse and energy devices 3 mounted to rotate around a Central vertical axis 4 equipped on the axis 4 area 5, on the surface of which a spiral stacked ring pipe 6 with variable cross-section, within which is placed the vegetation pipe 7 variable cross-section and nursery chain 8 with seafood (Fig.9).

Inside the vegetation pipe 7 (figure 10) installed conveyors with plants 9 laid in elastic mesh 10 installed in the holders 11, United telescopic connections 12. Vegetation, which is the installed pipe is equipped with lighting devices 13, films of condensate nutrient solution 14, the guides 15 which move the conveyors with plants and nozzles for the supply of the gas mixture 16, through the volleys which along with volleys nutrient sprays moves plants [5].

Nursery chain with seafood 8 (11) are combined with the connecting pipes 17 camera low pressure 18, the high-pressure chamber 19 placed in them by marine organisms 20 being in salt water and having the properties under certain conditions (variations in light intensity, pressure, gas composition and temperature) to take salt from sea water and Vice versa, to give the salt when you change these conditions. Between the chambers 18 and low high-pressure 19 installed the recompression chamber 21, and the camera regeneration of the nutrient solution 22 and camera collecting brine 23 [6].

On field 5 (7) equipped premises transplanting, reproduction and run fry 24, and under the field - space of harvest and catch of fish and seafood 25. These rooms have a window 26 through which communicate between areas 24 and 25 and the return pipe 27, which move the conveyors with empty holders plants 11. In addition to nursery chains with seafood 8 in the annular pipe 6 place nursery chain with fish 28, VK is Causeni camera 29 with 30 fish, the jaws 31 and crustaceans 32 (Fig), and moving the camera with fish 33.

In the cavity of the structural shell ring pipe 8 (Fig.9) posted by camera 34 with EGO 35, while the camera EGO made with the ability to move and stick to the high-pressure cells 19, where the EGO, using their electric characteristics, can neutralize other marine fauna and eat separate, predominantly impaired individuals, and the electrical impulse of the EGO, the current in the conductor that is installed in the body of the connecting pipe 17 enters the low-pressure chamber 18, where the flash lamp 36, which is located in the chamber 18, and a sharp drop in pressure occurs desalination, when this excess current accumulate and sent for technological needs, in particular for the illumination of plants in vegetation pipe 7(11). Marine organisms 20, getting into the low-pressure chamber 18, take salt from sea water, and then, passing the camera regeneration of the nutrient solution 22 are in the top recompression chamber 21, and a portion of the demineralized water getting into the camera regeneration of the nutrient solution 22, enriched with additional components and is freed from unnecessary components, after which the nutrient solution into the mud channel 37 in underneath vegetation, which is what NUU pipe 7 for feeding the plants. The additional components come with fresh water in the chamber 22 from the premises transplanting using moving containers 38 and unnecessary components are flushed into the chamber 23 by recolorado 39. Then marine organisms fall into the high-pressure chamber 19, where they give salt, then pour into a camera collection brine 23, where they fall in the underlying recompression chamber 21. From the camera to collect brine 23 brine pumped outdoor collection tank brine 40 for recycling. Marine organisms from the camera 21 is poured into the movable chamber 41, which is delivered to the premises 24, where, after sorting, recovery and enrichment of organisms involved in the new cycle of the process.

On Fig shows a diagram of the fish rearing circuit 28, a camera 29 which United the connecting pipes 17 and fish-filled 30, the jaws 31 and crustaceans 32. When crustaceans 32 are located in the cavity of the sponge 31, fish 30 wait. After EGO 35 clings to one of the chambers 29 and adjacent the camera flashes due to elektroimpulsa light in the lamp 36, crustaceans 32 in the pursuit of plankton, which is served in the camera using mobile tanks 42, popping, fish grab crustaceans, and after the light goes out, the remaining crustaceans are returned in a cavity of a sponge. Fish are moved in the downstream chamber 29, where in the case of joining the chamber 34 with the EGO themselves tenovate victims of the EGO. Gradually the remaining and grown fish moving through the circuit 28 are movable in the chamber 33, which carry them in a regeneration chamber 43, where upon selection of the portion of fish for food staff remaining fish are processed using the PSPs for the preparation of the nutrient solution for plants in the vegetative pipe 7. Then the cycle is repeated. On Fig-18 shows the cross-section of a circular pipe with a picture of the Parking cameras with EGO 34 coinciding with the chambers 18 nursery chain 8 (Fig.9) with seafood in moments its intersection with the orbit of the chambers 34. Similarly, these orbits chambers 34 intersect with cameras 29 rearing fish chain 28 (Fig-18 they hatched), camera with EGO is not shown here.

Sphere 5 greenhouse and energy devices 3 are rotationally driven due to the conveyors with plants and is equipped with a rotation mechanism 44 (7)associated with the generator 45, which is supplied by the multiplier 46 and electroacoustics 47, which provides energy to the upper and lower body, as well as building 48, which, after the arrival of the mobile complex where going of separate prefabricated 49 (Fig.1-6).

It should be noted that the telescopic column 50 at this point, cleaned the inside of the lower housing 2 (Fig 3)

On Fig and 20 shows a fragment overlap 51-filled fiber optic cable 52 is about reflective surface, through which daylight is transferred through the collector 53 in the bottom case 2 (figure 5).

On Fig shows a fragment of the building 48, which shows the prefabricated elements 49 with beams 51, including pipes, fiber optic cables 52 and elastic-plastic translucent wall elements 54 through which the light rays enter the lens 55, which directs in a pipe light guide 52 concentrated light.

To increase the area of light collection cap 56 of the upper housing opening, and the upper body is set in such a way in relation to the building 48, so that the sun's rays fell on the shaded part of the building 48 (5)

Plankton caught using trawl 57 mounted on the lower case 2 (figure 3), and then use it in the lower body 2, directing part of the catch of plankton through a manifold 53 and a flexible tube 58 in the upper case 1. Through a flexible tube 58 of the upper housing 2 provides the building 48 warmth, and the lower case 2 in the fresh air.

On Fig shows an automated control system (ACS) research complex, consisting of operator 59, the computing device 60, the terminal 61 and the interface 62. The interface 62 is connected with sensors 63 and the actuator 64 to the control units running 65 engines, compressors inventory racks building 66, telescopic columns 50, greenhouse and energy devices 3, supply chain complex p is Octomom 67, subsea landers 68, the system probes 69 and scanning devices 70 Autonomous system and the radio stations 71.

Bibliography:

1. The experience system for Oceanographic research in the Arctic. -M.: the Scientific world. 2001. - 664 S.

2. EN 2062706 C1, 27.06.96.

3. EN 2014243 C1, 15.06.94.

4. EN 2028439 C1, 09.02.95.

5. EN 2128905 C1, 20.04.99.

6. EN 2185052 C2, 20.07.2002.

7. The lives of animals. 7 so/ Ed. Vainikolo./ -M.: Education. Vol. 1, 2 and 4, 1983, 1987 and 1988.

1. Mobile research complex, made in the form of a vessel with a small area of the waterline with the upper surface of the housing and connected with it by means of telescopic columns of the lower underwater housing, with the upper and lower housings include greenhouse and energy devices for the generation of energy to move complex, domestic, and technological needs, as well as the production of vegetables, seafood and staff of desalinated water, with each such device comprises a field equipped with a circular stator of the generator with multiplier and connected to the battery power, the sphere has a mechanism for its rotation around its Central vertical axis and is made with spirally laid on the surface of a circular pipe, inside of which is placed conveyors with plants, leading the training equipment moving in circular motion the specified area, and vegetation pipe, and around the vegetation pipes with seafood spiral laid nursery desalination circuit containing the high-pressure chamber, chamber low pressure chamber of the regeneration of the nutrient solution, camera collecting brine and recompression chambers interconnected by means of connecting pipes placed in these cells by marine organisms, capable under certain conditions, in particular in the light and at low pressure, to absorb salt and at high pressure and darkness to give salt in the cavity of the structural shell ring pipe spiral posted by moving the camera with the electricity generating organisms, made with the ability to move and stick to the cameras high pressure intended for supplying pulse electric current generated electricity generating organisms, the conductor is placed in the connecting pipe, a chamber of low pressure in the low-pressure chamber hosted a lighting fixture with a flash, with which the above-mentioned marine organisms absorb salt in the low-pressure chamber, thus growing the pipe is made with a lighting device, fed by an electric current produced by the above-mentioned power-generating organisms around vegetation pipe spiral ulog the us fish rearing circuit, contain the camera with plankton, sponges, which includes crustaceans, and fish, filled with seawater, interconnected by a connecting pipe and configured to attach to the aforementioned cameras with electricity organisms that have the ability neutralization of individual fish, feeding them, and selection of electric current flowing in the adjacent camera rearing fish chain, which is made with light devices having the ability to flash from a pulse of electric current of electricity generating organisms to escape sponges, crustaceans in the pursuit of plankton and feeding crustaceans fish, processed for preparation of the nutrient solution for the plants.

2. Mobile system according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower underwater housing contains planktology trawls used to harvest from the sea water and the bottom surface of the ice cover bio - and zooplankton used for utilization in greenhouse-energy devices, in addition, the body is equipped with underwater devices, probes, scanning systems and Autonomous radio-controlled stations for research, eliminating environmental pollution.

3. Mobile system according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the upper body is configured to supply the lower the fluorescent body is that through the lens, capable of focusing the light of day, and with the help of pipes of optical fibers included in the overlap collapsible structures placed in transportation, in upper case, and fibre manifold lower housing to pass in fresh air and to supply plankton greenhouse and energy devices of the upper shell.

4. Mobile system according to claim 3, characterized in that it is equipped with an automated control system that is hosted on a centralized control point and contains the operator computing device, a terminal and an interface associated sensors and actuators with blocks motor control of the lower and upper housings, telescopic pillars, greenhouse and energy devices, systems, complex plankton, underwater devices, probes, scanning systems and Autonomous stations for research.



 

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