System of surface-active substances, method for its preparing and system-containing pesticide composition

FIELD: organic chemistry, agriculture, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system of surface-active substances that comprises the following components: a) at least one alkoxylated polyarylphenolphosphate ester of the formula (I):

wherein each R1 means independently of one another (C2-C4)-alkylene with a direct or branched chain; R2 means phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl wherein phenyl ring in R2 can be unsubstituted or substituted with 1-3 groups taken among (C1-C4)-alkyl or (C1-C4)-alkoxy-group; R3 and R4 are taken independently of one another among group including hydrogen atom, sodium, potassium and compound of the formula:

wherein m means 2 or 3; n means a number from 1 to 150 inclusively; b) at least one salt of alkoxylated lignosulfonate. System is prepared by combining components a) and b). The pesticide composition comprises pesticide and system comprising a) and b). Invention provides enhancing the stability of system.

EFFECT: improved preparing method, improved and valuable properties of system.

14 cl, 5 tbl, 2 ex

 

The technical field of the invention

The present invention relates to a system of surface-active substances, which in General can be used in agricultural compositions, including but not limited to, herbicide, fungicide and insecticide compositions, and which contains two components: a surfactant, representing alkoxycarbonyl policrystalline phosphate ester in combination with surface-active substance representing salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

Background of invention

Alkylphenolethoxylates (AFA) and their anionic derivatives are surface-active substances is well known in the industry that for a long time it was widely used by producers of agricultural chemical products. However, containing AFA compositions do not always possess the most preferred combination of technical characteristics, such as efficiency, performance and cost of the product. The traditional system of surface-active substances not belonging to the class of AFA (non-AFA), cannot be easily adapted to replace AFA-surfactants. For example, compositions based dodecylbenzenesulfonate calcium in combination with the ethoxylates of fatty acids could be the cost from the requirements to the composition requirements are unsuitable for replacement AFE due to unsatisfactory one or more critical technical characteristics such as the stability of the emulsion, acute toxicity, storage stability and heat stability, chemical and physical stability; dynamic characteristics of a solution, suspension or cultivation; the viscosity and stability of the suspension. The fact that it is not currently possible on an industrial scale to adapt existing technology to improve the above characteristics of systems AFA-surface-active substances, stimulates the development of entirely new lines AFA-surfactants. In addition, the scientists face the challenge associated with the development of new AFA-surface-active substances, which simply can be obtained from readily available and cheap raw materials. Continuation of these studies, it is necessary to improve AFA-surface-active substances.

Summary of the invention

With the invention it has been unexpectedly found that the combination of alkoxysilane polialfaolefiny esters (or their salt or acid form) and salts alkoxysilane lignosulfonate allows to obtain a system of surface-active substances suitable for the manufacture of compositions, art is meant for wide application in agriculture.

Found that the system of surface-active substances according to the invention has improved characteristics in aqueous concentrated suspensions of pesticides. The present invention relates to compositions of surface-active substances, which includes one or more alkoxysilane policrystalline phosphate esters (or their salt or acid form) and one or more salts alkoxysilane lignosulfonate. The invention also relates to agrochemical compositions containing the above-described system of surface-active substances. According to one embodiments of the invention compositions comprising the above-described system of surfactants generally do not contain or contain virtually no other known APE. Surfactants according to the invention receive by combining the appropriate alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether with an appropriate salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

Probably the steric configuration polyarylenes addition, the group protects corresponding alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether, representing a component of the system of surface-active substances, from hydrolytic cleavage, usually characteristic of other known systems of anionic surfactants n the basis of phosphates.

Detailed description of the invention

One of the objects of the invention is a system of surface-active substances, including:

a) at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether of the formula (I):

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

m denotes 2 or 3 and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and

b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

The preferred option of the invention is a system of surface-active substances, in which component (a) is a phosphate ester of the formula:

where R1and n have the above significance, and R3and R5independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

The invention also relates to a system of surface-active substances, the cat is Roy component (a) is a phosphate ester of the formula:

where n has the above significance, and R3and R6independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

The hallmark of the invention is that n is equal to 4-25, preferably 16. Another object of the invention is a system of surface-active substances, in which component (b) is alkoxycarbonyl sulfonated Kraft lignin, preferably ethoxylated sulfonated Kraft lignin. The hallmark of the invention is that the component (b) system surfactant is a sodium salt of ethoxylated sulfonated Kraft lignin, in which the number ethylenoxide links is 2-4, preferably 3.

Another object of the invention is the product obtained by combining the following components:

a) at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfoolefinovye ether of the formula (I):

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C 4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

where m is 2 or 3, and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and

b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

Another object of the invention is chemically linked composition of surface-active substances, including:

a) at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether of the formula (I):

where R1independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

where m is 2 or 3, and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

Another object of the invention is a pesticide composition, comprising at least one pesticide and at least one alkoxycarbonyl polyarylenes the hydrated ether of the formula (I):

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

where m denotes 2 or 3 and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

The preferred option of the invention is the pesticide composition in which the compound a has the formula:

The next object of the invention is a method of protecting cultivated plants to which the stages of the processing space of cultivated plants that need protection, effective for use in agriculture number of one or more presented in this description of the compositions.

Scope of the invention is not limited to any chemical theory concerning the complex formation, equilibrium, interaction between components or chemical nature of acids-bases, which are used to obtained the I surface-active substances, or other ingredients used for the preparation of other target compositions (e.g., pesticide compositions). In this regard, another object of the invention is a system of surface-active substances, including one or more alkoxysilane polialfaolefiny esters (or their salt or acid form) and one or more salts alkoxysilane lignosulfonate, in which components can be linked chemically, which in turn changes the shape of the component, or may not be linked chemically. The invention relates to a static composition of the respective components are mixed with each other, as well as chemically bound system of surface-active substances comprising at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether and at least one alkoxycarbonyl lignosulfonate. The concept of "static composition" denotes a composition consisting of components, where components are practically not changed as a result of their Association with other components of the composition. The term "chemically bound composition" denotes a composition obtained by any natural processes of equilibration, complex formation, dissociation or other chemical transformations that may occur after the merger is of komponentov and before the final application of the system of surfactants in pesticide compositions. Thus, the term "chemically bound composition" in the context of the present invention relates to a static composition, and also includes any song that exists at any point in time from the beginning of its creation to its application in the final product, containing a system of surface-active substances. In other words, the described invention is not limited to a static composition consisting of chemically unmodified components.

Another object of the invention is the application of the system of surfactants that can be used to replace known AFA-surface-active substances.

Another object of the invention is a composition including the above-described surfactants, which contains one or more other active substances. However, the invention is not limited to pesticide compositions. Other acceptable compositions, which may contain presented in this description of the system of surface-active substances include compositions in the form of a shampoo, detergent compositions in General and the composition in the form of soap used in the mining industry. It is assumed that presented in the present description, the system of surface-active substances generally applicable as Vice usual AFA-surface-the active substances and therefore can be expected, that it can be used in many other well-known compositions. The invention includes any composition obtained by any replacement presented in this description of the system of surface-active substances alternatively known AFA-surfactant. Under the scope of the present invention also concerns any composition obtained by adding presented in this description of the system of surface-active substances to compositions containing AFA. As a rule, any composition that contains additives as surfactants, may be subject to modification by replacing or adding system surfactants of the present invention. Although a combination of surfactants in the present description is designated as the system of surface-active substances, it should be borne in mind that it can also have other properties than the properties of surfactants that can be used regardless of any intrinsic properties of surface-active substances. Depending on the purpose of application of the present invention, the surfactant system can lead to increased biological efficiency and/or reduced toxicity and irritation.

Another object of the invention is a composition, Lucaya combination of the above system of surface-active substances, which contains one or more herbicides and one or more protective agents (antidotes). When applying herbicides cultivated plants can also suffer serious damage due to various factors, including the concentration of the herbicide and the processing method itself is a cultivated plant, the peculiarities of the soil and climatic conditions, such as environmental factors.

Alkoxysilane polyarilensulphone esters are either commercially available or can be obtained using known methods or other ways using well-known chemical processes. For example, ethoxylated muistiinpanosovelma esters can be obtained from the corresponding christianteenagers.net by interacting with patiksiu phosphorus, dissolved in phosphoric acid. Christianteenagers.net, in turn, can be obtained by processing christianfree base (e.g. sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) and then adding the required number of equivalents of ethylene oxide. Tridirectional either commercially available or can be obtained using known methods or other ways using well-known chemical processes. In addition, as initial products for obtaining surfactants of the present invention, represent is a phosphate esters, you can apply a mixture of phenols (for example, a mixture of christianfree and distillery).

Alkoxysilane lignosulfonates are either available commercially, or they can be obtained using known methods or other ways using well-known chemical processes. For example, alkoxysilane lignosulfonates can be obtained by alkoxycarbonyl lignosulfonate with known alkalinising reagents such as ethylene oxide. In particular, acceptable alkoxysilane lignosulfonates can be selected from the group comprising ethoxylated lignosulfonates, propoxycarbonyl lignosulfonates and butoxysilane lignosulfonates. Other acceptable alkoxysilane lignosulfonates are compounds obtained, for example, in the mixed alkoxysilane, which introduced acceleratedly links are, for example, ethylene oxide or propylene oxide. The degree of alkoxysilane may vary depending on the required parameters of the obtained composition, for example, the stability of the emulsion pesticide compositions.

Lignosulfonates or sulfonated lignins used to obtain alkoxysilane lignosulfonate, well known in this field, and for example, they can be obtained from the sulfite wood pulp or by whom sulfirovanie lignins, derived from wood Kraft pulp. Used lignins, as a rule, have the form of a salt (e.g. sodium, potassium etc). Lignosulfonates, which can be used to obtain surface-active substances according to the invention, representing alkoxysilane lignosulfonates, either available commercially, or they can be obtained using known methods or other ways on the basis of known chemical processes. As a rule, lignosulfonates can be obtained by sulfonation of waste sulfite solutions after processing of wood. It is preferable to use purified lignosulfonate, in which sugar and other polysaccharides are removed and/or split, or, alternatively, the inorganic components are partially or completely removed.

Alkoxysilane lignosulfonates used to obtain a system of surface-active substances according to the invention preferably represent a readily available and inexpensive connection. However, the cost of materials is only one of the factors determining the choice of initial products to obtain alkoxysilane lignosulfonate. After making the usual analysis of costs and benefits and taking into account other required parameters may be apparent that the preferred are more expensive and less available source cont the points.

As a rule, the degree of alkoxysilane alkoxysilanes polialfoolefinovye ether and alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate independently of each estimate in terms of the “average amount of alkalinizing links”. “The average number ethylenoxide links” refers to the number of “EA”. Similarly, the average number propylenoxide and butylaniline links is designated as “ON” and “BO”, respectively. “Average” means the average of the number of specific numbers. According to the invention it is preferable that the distribution of the quantities of the respective units described continuous and symmetrical bell-shaped curve relative to the aforementioned values of EA or BO(see table 1).

Table 1

The degree of alkoxysilane system components surfactants
 Alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny etherAlkoxycarbonyl lignosulfonate
 EAONBOEAONBO
Preferably, the1-1501-1001-501-121-6 1-3
more preferably4-252-201-101-41-31-2
most preferably1684321

Alkoxysilane components surfactants according to the invention can contain a mixture of different alkoxysilanes, for example, O++BO. It is also desirable that the dispersion was small, it is preferable that she was within one standard deviation (δ) from the mean (average number of EO).

The term “alkyl” denotes an alkyl group which may be linear or branched. The term “aryl” means either negatioations ring system or heteroaromatic ring system. The concept of “alkylaryl” denotes an aryl group substituted by one or more alkyl groups, where “aryl” can be either negatioations ring system or heteroaromatic ring system.

The concept of “Kraft lignin” refers to the product, usually obtained from the black waste liquor after cooking cellulose, which is produced in the manufacture of Kraft paper, soda, and other well-known processes of shelo the Noah cooking.

The term “sulfonated lignin” refers to the product that is obtained by the introduction of sulfonic acid groups in the molecule Kraft lignin that can be made by the interaction of Kraft lignin from a sulfite or bisulfite, with Kraft lignin becomes water-soluble.

The term “sulfite lignin” refers to the product of the interaction of lignin obtained during sulfite pulping, which is the main product of the sulfite waste liquor.

The concept of “alkoxycarbonyl lignosulfonate” means the product of the interaction alkoxysilane lignosulfonate with alkalization, such as ethylene oxide.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention is the combination of surface-active substances according to the invention with one or more secondary surfactants. Secondary surfactants are compounds known in this field, which is used to obtain systems of surface-active substances. Auxiliary surfactants include ethers of polyglycols, aliphatic alcohols, cycloaliphatic alcohols, alkyl phenols (e.g., Nonylphenol), saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, derivatives ethers of polyglycols and aliphatic Il the cycloaliphatic alcohols, or saturated or unsaturated fatty acids. These derivatives contain from 3 to 30 groups simple glycol ether and 8-20 carbon atoms in the (aliphatic) hydrocarbon fragment. Preferred secondary surface-active agent is a nonionic secondary surfactant, especially nonionic secondary surfactant selected from the group comprising ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol. Other preferred surfactants may include castor oil ethoxylates, ethoxylates of christianfree, block copolymers of ethylene oxide/propylene oxide (pluronic) and/or block copolymers of ethylene oxide/propylene oxide aliphatic alcohols.

A preferred object of the invention is the combination of surface-active substances with a liquid pesticide composition, which allows to obtain a composition in the form of mulgirigala concentrate, which without special mixing procedures can be directly mixed with water or other aqueous solution with the formation of the aqueous pesticide composition.

As a preferred object of the invention is the combination of surface-active substances with a solid pesticide composition, which allows to obtain a composition in the form of mulgirigala concentrate is which without special mixing procedures can be directly mixed with water or other aqueous solution with the formation of the aqueous pesticide composition.

Another preferred object of the invention is the combination of surface-active substances with a liquid pesticide composition and solid pesticide composition, which allows to obtain a composition in the form of a concentrate suspoemulsions that without special mixing procedures can be directly mixed with water or other aqueous solution with the formation of the aqueous pesticide composition.

Below the invention is explained in more detail by examples, not limiting its scope. If in the present description and the claims not otherwise specified, temperatures are given in degrees Celsius.

One of the preferred objects of the invention is the combination of surface-active substances with a liquid active substance, which allows to obtain a composition in the form of mulgirigala concentrate, which without special processing or mixing can be easily mixed with water or other aqueous media. Examples of such compositions are:

Example 1

Got water emulgirujushchie concentrate containing as active ingredient a compound a, which has the following composition (the percentages denote wt.%):

47,6% of compound A (see table 1),

4,0% phosphate ester of christianteenagers.net (EO),

2,0% of ethoxylated lignosulfonate EO),

5,0% glycerol

of 0.1% xanthan gum,

0,1% silicone protivovspenivayushchie substances

0.05% preservative,

2,0% attapulgite, and water to 100%.

On the basis of the above ingredients was prepared with the composition as follows: (1) received a premix comprising water connection And the ethoxylated tridirectional and ethoxylated lignosulfonate (2). Crushed premix obtained according to (1), with small particles (3). The premix was added to the rest of the ingredients by stirring to obtain a homogeneous composition.

Example 2

Water emulgirujushchie concentrate containing as active ingredient the compound a, mefenoxam, fludioxonil and difenoconazole, was obtained using the following ingredients (the percentages denote wt.%):

20.6% of compound A (see Table 4),

0,35% mefenoxam,

0.25% fludioxonil,

1.3% difenoconazole,

4,0% phosphate ester of tristellateia (EO),

2,0% of ethoxylated lignosulfonate (EO),

0.1% sodium hydroxide (50%aqueous solution)

0.1% Nonylphenol,

20.0% glycerol,

10.0% of titanium oxide,

2.5% of blue pigment

0,75% montmorillonite,

0,13% xanthan gum,

0,06% conservata and water to 100%.

On the basis of the above ingredients was prepared with the composition as follows: (1) received premix, including the surrounding water, connection And, mefenoxam, fludioxonil, difenoconazole, the ethoxylated tridirectional and ethoxylated lignosulfonate. (2) Crushed premix obtained according to (1), with small particles (3). The premix was added to the rest of the ingredients by stirring to obtain a homogeneous composition.

Compositions for protection of agricultural crops, which is part of the described invention can be prepared in a format suitable for the respective application. Various types of compositions include, for example, flowable concentrate (T), a flowable concentrate for seed treatment (TC), wettable powder (SP), wettable dispersible granules (SDG), miscible with oil flowable concentrate (MT), suspension concentrate (SC), emulgirujushchie concentrate (EC), liquid (W), emulsion type oil/water (EV), granules (G), dispersible powder in water to prepare a suspension (SU) and a dry flowable powder (ARTICLE).

Some additional preferred embodiments of the present invention are presented below in tables 2 and 3.

26
Table 2

Compositions for protection of crops containing surface-active agent, the components constituting the sub the second surface-active substance and one or more active substances.
 Alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny etherSalt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonateAuxiliary surfactantThe active ingredientThe active ingredientThe active ingredient
 (component a)(component B)    
 R1NSolThe degree of alkoxysilane T1T2T3
1-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmetolachlor*  
2-CH2CH2-16Na3butoxide/BY-block copolymersmetolachlor*  
3-CH2CH2-16Na2-4EO/PO-block copolymersatrazine  
4-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethylene glycolatrazine  
5-CH2CH2-4-25Na2-4EO/PO-block copolymersatrazine  
6-CH2CH2-4-25Na3EO/PO-block copolymersatrazine  
7-CH2CH2-16Na2EO/PO-block copolymersatrazine  
8-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated castor oilatrazinemetolachlor* 
9-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersatrazinemetolachlor* 
10-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated castor oilflumetralin  
11-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated castor oiloxasulfuron  
12-CH2CH2-16Na2-4christianteenagers.netpropiconazol  
13-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmetribuzinmetolachlor*  
14-CH2CH2-16Na3butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmetribuzinmetolachlor* 
15-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersflumetsulammetolachlor* 
16-CH2CH2-16Na3butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersflumetsulammetolachlor* 
17-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated castor oilflumetsulam metolachlor*atrazine
18-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersflumetsulammetolachlor*atrazine
19-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmefenoxam  
20-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmefenoxamfludioxonil 
21-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmetalaxyl   
22-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersmetalaxylfludioxonil 
23-CH2CH2-4 to 25Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersdiazinon  
24-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersdiazinon  
25-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersdicamba  
-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated, Kastoria oildicamba  
27-CH2CH2-16Na2-4Nonylphenolconnection  
28-CH2CH2-16Na2-4Nonylphenolconnectionmefenoxam 
29-CH2CH2-16Na2-4Nonylphenolconnectionmefenoxamfludioxonil
30-CH2CH2-16 Na2-4Nonylphenolconnectiondifenoconazolmefenoxam + fludioxonil
31-CH2CH2-16Na2-4Nonylphenolconnectiondifenoconazol 
32-CH2CH2-16Na2-4Nonylphenolconnectionfludioxonil 
33-CH2CH2-16Na2-4ethoxylated castor oilconnection  
34-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EA/-Blocco is OLIMAR glyphosate or its salts  
35-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-isopropylammonium  
36-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-sequently  
37-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-trimethy  
38-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersVoicemail   
39-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate or its saltsplatesetter 
40-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-isopropylammoniumplatesetter 
41-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-sequentlyplatesetter 

-CH2CH2-
42-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-trimethyflute-acetimeter 
4316Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersflumiclorac-pentyl  
44-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate or its saltsflumiclorac-pentyl 
45-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-isopropylammoniumflumiclorac-pentyl 
46-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-sequin atriumflumiclorac-pentyl 
47-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosate-trimethyflumc-Lerkendal 
48-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinate or its salts   
49-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersGlufosinate  
50-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinate ammonium  
51-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinate or its saltsplatesetter 
52-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinateplatesetter 
53-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinate ammoniumplatesetter 

54-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymers glufosinate or its saltsflumiclorac-pentyl 
55-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinateflumiclorac-pentyl 
56-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglufosinate ammoniumflumc-Lerkendal 
57-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/PO-block copolymersglyphosateatrazine 
58-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-

EA/

block copolymers
glyfo-satThe metol-chlorine*atrazine
59-SNSD-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/po-block copolymerssalt of glyphosateatrazine 
60-CH2CH2-16Na2-4butoxy-EO/po-block copolymers salt of glyphosateMetolachlor*atrazine
 * includes racemic mixtures or s-metolachlor 
 The degree of alkoxysilane denotes the average number alkalinising links

Table 3.

Compositions for crop protection:

The applied system of surfactants:

plus salt ethoxylated Kraft lignosulfonate

R1, R3, R5and n have the above values.

Applied active substances and types of songs:
The ACTIVE INGREDIENT

T1
The ACTIVE INGREDIENT

T2
The ACTIVE INGREDIENT

T3
The TYPE of COMPOSITION
Atrazine  T, SP, SDG, MT
AtrazineFlumetsulam T, SP, SDG, MT
AtrazineMetolachlor SK, MT, SDG
AtrazineFlumetsulamMetolachlorSK, MT, the DG
Ametrine is high  MT, EC, SP, W, SDG
CHLOROTHALONIL  T, SDG, SP
CHLOROTHALONILMetalaxyl EK, SDG, SP, MT
Cyprodinil  EC, SP, MT, SDG
Cyromazine  JV, W
Diazinon  EV, SP, EC, SDG
Dicamba  G, W
DicambaProsulfuron SDG
Difenoconazol  JV, EC, SC, TC
DifenoconazolMetalaxyl JV, EC, SC, TC
Giovanola  EC SP
Fenoxycarb  JV, LDH, EC
FenoxycarbPymetrozine JV, LDH, EC
Fludioxonil  W, TC, SDG, SP
Fludioxonil Mefenoxam W, TC, SDG, SP
FludioxonilMetalaxyl W, TC, SDG, SP
FludioxonilPropiconazol W, TC, SDG, SP
Flumetralin  EK, SDG, SP
FlumetralinOxasulfuron EK, SDG, SP
Flumetsulam  EK, SDG, SP, MT
FlumetsulamMetolachlor EK, SDG, SP, MT
Fluometuron  W, P, SP
Fluthiacet-methyl  EK, SDG, SP
Fluthiacet-methylGlyphosate EK, SDG, SP
Fluthiacet-methylOxasulfuron EK, SDG, SP
Isazofos  EK, G
MANCOZEB  SC, T, SDG, SP
MANCOZEBMetalaxyl SC, T, SDG, SP
Mean the indexes   EC, SP, G, T, W
Metalaxyl  EC, G, W, SP
Mitigation  EC SP
Metolachlor  EC, ARTICLE, G
MetolachlorMetribuzin SDG, MT, EK
MetolachlorSimazine SDG, MT, SK
s-Metolachlor  EC, ARTICLE, G
s-MetolachlorMetribuzin SDG, MT, EK
s-MetolachlorSimazine SDG, MT, SK
Metribuzin  EC, ARTICLE, SDG, MT
Norflurazon  ST, G
Primisulfuron  SDG, SP
PrimisulfuronProsulfuron SDG, SP
Profenofos  EK
Prometon  EK, T MT, SP
Prometryn  JV, W, MT
Propiconazol  EC SP
Pymetrozine  SDG, SP
Simazine  JV, LDH, W, G
Trigorin  JV, EC
Trinexapac-ethyl  EK, SDG,
CONNECTION  SDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONDifenoconazol SDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONFludioxonil SDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONDifenoconazolFludioxonilSDG, MT. EK, SK
CONNECTIONMefenoxam SDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONDifenoconazolMefenoxamSDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONFludioxonilMefenoxamSDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTIONDifenoconazol Fludioxonil plus mefenoxamSDG, MT, EK, SK
CONNECTION B  SDG, SP
CONNECTION  SDG, SP, EC
CONNECTION G  EC, SP, SDG
EA denotes the average number ethylenoxide links

The abbreviationDeciphering abbreviations songs
ARTICLEDry fluid
EKEmulgirujushchie concentrate
EVEmulsion type oil/water
TFluid
THEFlowable concentrate for seed treatment
GGranules
WLiquid
MTMiscible with oil flowable concentrate
SKSuspension concentrate (suspoemulsions)
SDGWettable dispersible granules
SPWettable powder
SUDispersible powder in water to make slurry

Table 4: the Structure of compounds A-G:
 Structure
CONNECTION
SOEDINENIE B
CONNECTION
CONNECTION G

Table 5 shows some examples of components that can be used to prepare compositions according to the invention. However, the invention is not limited to the use of the components shown in the table. Table 6 shows some vendors commercially available products. However, the person skilled in the art should be obvious that many of the products that can be applied to embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to get from any other company.

Table 5:

Examples of components that can be used to prepare compositions of the present invention.
Name of productProviderDescription
Aromatic 150Exxon Corporationaromatic coal is Ogorodny solvent
Pegasol R-150Mobil Chemical Companyaromatic hydrocarbon solvent
Cycio Sol 150Shell Chemical Companyaromatic hydrocarbon solvent
Pluronic P-65BASF CorporationEA-block copolymers
Toximul 8323Stepan CompanyEA-block copolymers
Antifbam ADow Corning Corporationsilicone protivovspenivayushchie substance
Y-6067Osi Specialties, Inc.silicone protivovspenivayushchie substance
Proxel GXLZeneca Inc.biostatic
Nipacide BIT20Nipa Hardwicke, Inc.biostatic
Renex 36ICI Surfactantstridecylamine alcohol (EO)
Rhodasurf BC-610Rhodia Inc.tridecylamine alcohol (EO)
Genopol X-060Clariant Corporation, formerly Hoechst Celanese Corporationtridecylamine alcohol (EO)
Witconol TD-60Witco Corporationtridecylamine alcohol (EO)
Rhodopol 23Rhodia Inc.xanthan gum
KelzanZeneca Inc.xanthan gum

Table 6:

Names and addresses of suppliers of products
ProviderAddress
Witco Corporation5777 Frantz Road, P.O. Box 646, Dublin, Ohio 43017
Stepan CompanyNorthfield, Illinois 60093
Dow Corning CorporationMidland, MI 48686
Zeneca Inc.Wilmington, DE 19897
BASF CorporationMt. Olive, NJ 07828
Rhodia, Inc.Cranbury, NJ08512
Nipa Hardwicke, Inc.3411 Silverside Road, 104 Hagley Bidg., Wilmington, DE 19810
Osi Specialities, Inc.Greenwich, CT 06831
ICI SurfactantsWilmington, DE 19850
Clariant CorporationCharlotte, NC 28201
Shell Chemical CompanyHouston, TX 77251
Exxon CorporationHouston, TX 77001
Mobil Chemical CompanyHouston, TX 77032

In General, in the present description shows the new connection in the form of salts that can be used as surfactants. In particular, surface-active substances according to the invention for the preparation of agrochemical compositions. Without deviation from what is shown in the formula of the volume of the invention can be modified in correlation, methods of obtaining and used products.

1. The system of surface-active substances, intended for the preparation, is of the pesticide composition, including:

a) at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether of the formula (I)

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

m denotes 2 or 3 and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and

b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

2. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 1, where component (a) is a phosphate ester of the formula

where R1and n have the above significance, and R3and R5independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

3. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 1, where component (a) is a phosphate ester of the formula

where n has the above significance, and R3 and R6independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

4. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 3, where n denotes 4-25.

5. System explore only briefly active substances according to claim 3, where n is 16.

6. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 3, where component (b) is alkoxycarbonyl sulfonated Kraft lignin.

7. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 4, where component (b) is an ethoxylated sulfonated Kraft lignin.

8. The system of surface-active substances according to claim 7, where ingredient (b) is a salt of ethoxylated sulfonated Kraft lignin, which is the average number of ethoxylated units is 2-4.

9. The system of surface-active substances of claim 8, where component (b) is a sodium salt of ethoxylated sulfonated Kraft lignin, which is the average number of ethoxylated units equal to 3.

10. The system of surface-active substances of claim 8, where in component (a) n is 16.

11. A method of obtaining a system of surface-active substances according to claim 1, characterized in that combine the following components:

a) at least one alkoxysilane polialfoolefinovye ether of the formula (I)

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

m denotes 2 or 3 and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and

b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

12. The method according to claim 11, where in component (a) n is 16 and the component (b) is the average number of ethoxylated units is 2-4.

13. The pesticide composition, comprising at least one pesticide and the system of surface-active substances according to claim 1:

a) at least one alkoxycarbonyl polialfaolefiny ether of the formula (I)

where R1each independently from each other represents C2-C4alkylen straight or branched chain, R2denotes phenyl, aryl or alkylaryl, where the phenyl core, R2is unsubstituted or substituted by 1-3 groups selected from C1-C4the alkyl or C1- 4alkoxy, and R3and R4independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, sodium, potassium and

m denotes 2 or 3 and n denotes a number from 1 to 150, inclusive, and

b) at least one salt alkoxysilanes of lignosulfonate.

14. The pesticide composition according to item 13, where the pesticide is a compound of formulas



 

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