Hydrodynamic heat generator

FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.

EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.

15 cl, 5 dwg

 

The proposal relates to the cavitation vortex heat generators for heating the fluid in the hydraulic systems of various purposes, and can also be used as mixers for various liquids, dispersing, destroying the molecular bonds in complex fluids, changes in physico-chemical properties of liquids, etc.

A method of obtaining heat energy through the vortex cavitations effect on the liquid in the conditions of a periodically varying pressure, see patent No. 2054604 - similar. This problem was solved by a device containing at least two sequentially installed centrifugal working wheels attached to them radially perforated annular plate interacting with the same plates, fixed in the housing, i.e. the application of well-known devices by type siren.

This effect on the liquid a significant proportion of hydraulic energy is lost to inefficient disorganized vorticity in the bulk liquid (this significantly reduces the average speed of rotation of the vortex cavities due to their inclusion in the vortex significant added masses relative to the stationary fluid surrounding the space at the outlet of the perforated hull plates) in the space on the output of the ultrasonic generator - siren, is fairly rapid wear radially perforated plates of this generator.

Also known heat YU.S. Potapov, which is made in the form of a cylindrical chamber, the swirling flow in which the accelerator fluid, providing a tangential inlet supplied by the centrifugal pump liquid into this chamber from the side of her face entrance. The output from the other end of the vortex chamber has a camera deceleration of the flow, see patent No. 2045715 prototype.

This device protects the surfaces of the vortex chamber and channels accelerator fluid from the cavitation destruction due to rather strictly organized vortex, excluding, however, the blade elements of the camera braking. On the other hand, with this design it is impossible to achieve intense vortex motion in the chamber due to the high hydraulic resistance of the tangential channel, which should convert the entire flow and pressure pump in the velocity head of the flow in the vortex chamber, but also, due to energy losses in the pump. In addition, the relatively large size of only one vortex chamber that converts all the energy working impeller pump, connected to the accelerator of the liquid, does not allow the liquid with the ultrasonic oscillations of the high frequency optimally affecting produced in large volume chamber substantially different in size vortex formation and cavitation breaks the continuity of the liquid, which generally makes it difficult to further increase the efficiency of the heat generator.

In this regard, the aim of this proposal is to reduce energy losses in the process of ensuring vortex working in the vortex chambers while protecting the structural elements, including the chamber of braking from cavitation destruction, and provide much greater speed of rotation of the fluid in the vortex chambers with uniform structure of vortex formations in small volumes of fluid and increase thereby enhance cavitation treatment fluid under conditions imposing on the vortex formation frequency pressure fluctuations. I.e. the purpose of the proposal is to increase energy and other operational characteristics of the device, the expansion of its possible application.

This task is solved in that:

- hydrodynamic heat generator, comprising at least one cylindrical vortex chamber, communicated with the accelerator fluid, providing its tangential entry in a cylindrical vortex chamber and then into the chamber of the brake, accelerator fluid made in the form of a drive l is pastega wheel, on the periphery of which is guaranteed by a small gap installed annular sleeve carried out around the wheel tangential channels that are hydraulically communicated with made around the wheel cylindrical vortex chambers through the side slots on their cylindrical surfaces;

the outputs of the cylindrical vortex chamber is made of at least one side in common the camera braking;

output from the cylindrical swirl chamber into the chamber of a radial braking in its middle part;

- the length of the cylindrical vortex chamber and tangential channels are comparable, for example equal to the width of the vane of the impeller at its periphery;

- on the outputs of the cylindrical vortex chamber is installed in the nozzle of variable cross-section;

at least one camera braking is executed in the form of an annular channel-collector rounded cross-section, the entrances to which of the swirl chambers are arranged tangentially to the specified section.

- in the chamber of the brake opposite the at least one swirl chamber has a volumetric resonator;

- tangential channels in the annular sleeve is made with the possibility of unidirectional spin flow in all the vortex chambers;

- tangential channels in the annular sleeve made with the possibility razonar the run direction of rotation adjacent to each other vortex chambers;

- drive impeller is designed as an impeller of a centrifugal pump is mainly with the outlet angle of the blades, made more than 90°;

- vane impeller execute two-way input, open type;

- impeller made of centrifugal-vortex type with blades at both of its ends and mounted between the hull walls, equipped with videobrasil grooves, and the said blade wheels are made depends on its peripheral cylindrical surface that interacts with tangential channels;

- the width of the blades around the circumference at the outlet of the impeller is made equal to or greater than the width of the tangential channel in its input section,

- input channel in the impeller and the output channel of the heat generator made device is activated by at least one throttling channel

camera braking is executed in the form of a spiral outlet of the centrifugal pump.

Figures 1 and 4 are examples of the implementation of the proposed device.

Hydrodynamic heat generator consists of accelerator liquid, made in the form of a drive vane of the impeller 1, see figure 1, installed with a guaranteed small gap in the ring of the sleeve 2 is made around the wheel 1 tangential channels 3, see figure 2, that guy is replicase reported, performed around the wheel cylindrical vortex chambers 4 through the side slots on the cylindrical surface of these cells.

The surface interaction annular sleeve 2 with the peripheral surface of the impeller 1 can be made cylindrical or conical. In the latter case provides easy adjustment of the clearance between these surfaces install spacers 6 between the body 7 and the end face of the sleeve 2. The working drive impeller can be open, which simplifies the design, or closed, as shown in figures 1 and 3, i.e. with a covering disks 8 and 8*, which reduces losses in the wheel and increases its upornosti.

The output fluid from the vortex chamber 1 is hydraulically carried out in the chamber 9 and braking can be performed by at least one of their end, see figure 1. Figure 3 shows the performance of the heat generator with the two next to each other cameras brake 9 and 9* to receive the vortex flow of fluid from both of the ends of the vortex chamber 4.

Length (length) of the vortex chambers are made commensurate with the width of the impeller 1, see figures 1 and 3, i.e. their length commensurate with the design parameters of the output side of the impeller In particular, in an embodiment according to figure 3 the length of the cylindrical vortex chamber is equal to the height of the blades on the periphery of the wheel 1. In the General case it is reasonable that the length of the vortex chamber 4 does not exceed the height of the impeller vanes 1 more than 2-3 times. The length of the side slits in cilindrica the coy surface of the vortex chamber 4, i.e. the output section of the tangential channel 3, preferably equal to the height of the blades of the impeller at the outer edge.

Luggage brake 9 is hydraulically communicated with the external hydraulic system via the output channel of the heat source 10 and the input channel 11 in the blade wheel 1 through a shunt, for example, an adjustable throttle 12, and through the throttling channels 13 between the end surfaces of the impeller 1 and the housing of the heat generator.

Between the camera braking 9 (9*) and vortex chambers 3 can be installed axisymmetric accelerating nozzle of variable cross-section, for example, 14 and 14*, see figure 3. These nozzles can be made and zuzelo with the annular sleeve 2 and 4 cameras.

The camera braking 9 and/or 9* efficiently carry out in the form of an annular channel-collector rounded cross-section, see figure 1, the inputs to which of the vortex chambers 4 are arranged tangentially to the specified cross-section that substantially prevents cavitation damage to the surface of the chamber inhibition.

Annular channel-collector chamber brake 9 can be performed with variable cross sectional area along the length of the channel, for example, in the form of a spiral outlet of the centrifugal pump with the impeller of the open type and the dual intake fluid inlet section of the wheel not shown), see figure 4. Figure 4 also shows an embodiment of an annular sleeve with 2 channels draining fluid from the vortex chamber 4, made in the middle part thereof, for example in the form of an annular radial slots 15 which can also be installed in the annular slit nozzle, see figure 4. Perhaps an individual message to each of the vortex chamber 4 with the chamber 9 through the radial holes, including those supplied by nozzles according to the type of nozzles 14, 14*, see figure 3.

In at least one chamber of the brake 9 opposite the at least one vortex chamber 4 can be installed bulk resonator 17, see figure 3. Rationally, these resonators to perform symmetrically around the circumference of the opposite of all or only part of the vortex chamber 4. Figure 5 resonators 17* made in the form of an annular slot stub slots in the housing of the heat source, combining vortical flows, leaving each of the swirl chambers 4, which simplifies the design and rationally to activate, for example, chemical processes in liquids, complex compositions, and also protects the Cabinet surface camera braking from cavitation damage.

Depending on the current device tasks tangential channels 3 in the annular sleeve 2 is made with the possibility of unidirectional spin flow in all the vortex chambers 4, see figure 2, sector indicated by the angle q, or vozmozhnostregulirovaniya direction of rotation adjacent to each other vortex chambers, see the sector indicated by the angle z.

To increase the intensity of the swirl flow in the vortex chambers the exit angle of flow from the blades 16 of the wheel accelerator fluid efficiently perform large 90°that allows you to increase the flow velocity at the inlet tangential channel simultaneous coincidence with the direction coming out of the wheels flow with a tangential direction of the channel. However, you can use impeller and with angles less 90°as is customary in most of impellers of centrifugal pumps.

For additional activation energovydelenii processes in the liquid may run the width of the blades on the peripheral circumference of the wheel is equal to or greater width tangential channel 3 in its input section that provides for periodic overlapping tangential channels and periodic break in the continuity of a vortex flow in the vortex chambers 4, and then when you open the tangential channel, the shock pressure increases along the axis of the vortex chamber.

The same task can be running impeller with a perforated plate extending beyond the outer diameter and periodically due to the rotation of the wheel overlapping the output channels of the vortex chamber 4, that is structurally easy to perform in the embodiment of figure 1. However, this perforated plate bude is quickly destroyed and therefore its use is practically not useful.

For the intensification of the vortex cavitations effects on the structure of the working fluid impeller 1 is rational to perform centrifugal-vortex with an increased number of blades 16 low height on both end sides of the wheel 1*see figure 5. This wheel set is encased between the end walls, equipped with videobrasil grooves 18. These blades drive wheel 1* turning on its peripheral cylindrical surface 19, interacting with tangential channels 3. The combined effect of impeller centrifugal-vortex type and vortex chamber 4 further enhances the impact on the structure of the liquid and the specific power in it.

Does the device described is as follows.

When the rotation of the impeller 1 accelerator liquid liquid, leaving the channel-wheel at high speed and a specified blades 16 direction (i.e., without changing the direction of the velocity vector), directly delivered (with a minimum energy loss) in the tangential channels 3 and 3*, and through the side slot of the slot chambers 4 inside these cylindrical chambers, providing intensive spin liquid, which leads to rupture of the liquid along the axis of the camera 4. For example, on the periphery of these cells with a diameter of 7-10 mm speed of rotation of the fluid can is t be 200000 rpm or more at normal settings paddle wheels. The speed is multiplied when the liquid from passing through the axially symmetric cone (converging) or confused-cone nozzles 14 (14*), which forms in the chamber(s) braking vortex cavity small and stable volume with high average speeds of rotation of the fluid. During braking in the chamber 9 of the vortex cavity after application of pulsed high-frequency pressure generated by the resonators, interruption entering the vortex chamber 4 flow and shock waves, which occur when the cavitation processes, there is an intensive impact on the structure of the liquid and the energy in the fluid flow. It is important that in this device the camera inhibition may not contain special easy to wear blades (as in the prototype) for effects on vortex flows, because due to the small volume of the vortex cavity and an extremely high rate of rotation of fluid in the intensive energy exchange with the surrounding these cavities by fluid flow due to the molecular forces of cohesion.

The advantages of this solution are its durability and structural simplicity, the minimum internal energy losses in the transmission fluid mechanical energy from the drive motor, the ability to perform a heat source, h is the following advanced functions: mixer a chemical reactor, dispersant, homogenizator, etc. on the basis of commercially available centrifugal pumps in a wide range of capacities of the drive motors.

1. Hydrodynamic heat generator, comprising at least one cylindrical vortex chamber, communicated with the accelerator fluid, providing its tangential entry in a cylindrical vortex chamber, the output of which is equipped with Luggage brake, hydraulically communicated with the output channel of the heat source, characterized in that the accelerator fluid made in the form of a drive vane wheel, the periphery of which is guaranteed by a small gap installed annular sleeve carried out around the wheel tangential channels that are hydraulically communicated with made around the wheel cylindrical vortex chambers through the side slots on their cylindrical surface.

2. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to claim 1, characterized in that the outputs of the cylindrical vortex chamber into the chamber of the braking performed at least one end in a common chamber of the brake.

3. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to claim 1, characterized in that the outlet of the cylindrical vortex chamber, a radial in its middle part.

4. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1 and 3, featuring the the action scene, the length of the cylindrical vortex chamber and tangential underwater channels are comparable, for example, equal to the width of the impeller at the outer edge.

5. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-4, characterized in that the outputs of the cylindrical vortex chamber is installed in the nozzle of variable cross-section.

6. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 2-5, characterized in that at least one camera braking is executed in the form of an annular channel-collector rounded cross-section, the entrances to which of the swirl chambers are arranged tangentially to the specified section.

7. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 2-6, characterized in that in the chamber of the brake opposite the output channel of at least one swirl chamber has a volumetric cavity.

8. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-7, characterized in that the tangential channels in the annular sleeve is made with the possibility of unidirectional spin flow in all the vortex chambers.

9. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-7, characterized in that the tangential channels in the annular sleeve is made with the possibility of multidirectional rotation direction adjacent to each other vortex chambers.

10. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 19, characterized in that the drive impeller is designed as an impeller of a centrifugal pump is mainly with the outlet angle of the blades, made lots 90°.

11. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that the impeller is made with two-way entrance, open type.

12. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that the impeller is made of centrifugal-vortex type with blades at both of its ends and mounted between the hull walls, equipped with videobrasil grooves, and the said blade wheels are made depends on its peripheral cylindrical surface that interacts with tangential channels.

13. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-12, characterized in that the width of the blades on the peripheral circumference at the outlet of the impeller is made equal to or greater than the width of the tangential channel in its input section.

14. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-13, characterized in that the input channel in the impeller and the output channel of the heat generator made device is activated by at least one throttling channel.

15. Hydrodynamic heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-14, characterized in that the camera braking performed in the de spiral outlet of the centrifugal pump.



 

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