Combination wind power plant

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plants generating electric energy to produce hot water for industrial use. Proposed combination wind power plant containing energy generating unit in form of windmill, air flow booster connected with windmill and energy generating and transforming unit in form of air turbine and generator connected to turbine, generator being butt-joined with gas-turbine turbine engine is furnished, according to invention, with heat recovery unit and processing unit, for instance, sea water freshening and cleaning unit made in form of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device connected with heat recovery unit. Blades of windmill are made divided into sections for turning relative to each other with possibility of turning relative to longitudinal axis. Energy generating and transforming unit is provided with additional self-contained internal combustion engine and electric generator connected with said engine which is coupled with generator of gas-turbine unit to form common power unit. Control system includes device which, together with computer, provides electric parameters similar to network parameters. Energy generating unit is provided with device to divide air flow, said device being connected by flexible air line with air flow booster made programmable, for instance, pneumatic and multistage, whose low-pressure stage is connected with air turbine and with each member of processing unit, and high-pressure stage, with device to evaporate water of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device which are connected with heat recovery unit. Point of connection of air line and power supply line is common, and torsion shafts coupled with vane engine and turbine are connected to said point.

EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to recovery of exhaust (hot) gases of engine and dissipation heat, enlarged sphere of industrial application of plant.

34 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of wind energy for electricity generation, as well as hot and clean water to use for practical purposes.

Known wind turbine with a heat engine equipped with a compressor of the turbocharger, an air turbine and a compressor connected to the turbine (see the patent of Russia, having got NO 2112153, 6 F 03 D 9/00, 9/02, 1995).

The disadvantages of the known technical solutions are:

- low efficiency of the heat engine;

- the complexity of installation with electricity because of the dependence of the rotation speed of the generator from the wind speed;

- complexity and low efficiency of the installation.

The closest technical solution to offer is a wind power plant with a thermal engine (utility model No. 15759, 7 F 03 D 09/00, 2000), the installation includes a turbine, teledigital connected to the generator, further comprises the regulators of revolutions in the range of acceptable values, the disadvantages of this technical solution as follows:

- constructive complexity of the Assembly;

- low efficiency of the gas turbine due to the significant magnitude of heat emission after combustion, and low cost;

- the complexity of the control unit when the change in wind speed, especially gusty the character.

The aim of the invention is a multi-purpose use of combined wind-power plants, as well as a significant increase in efficiency due to the recycling of exhaust (hot) gas engines and heat dissipation.

This goal is achieved in the combined wind energy facility containing energoproizvodyaschih unit in the form of a blade of a wind turbine, the associated blower air flow and energy supply and the transforming unit in the form of an air turbine and connected to the generator, and coupled with a gas turbine engine, the installation is equipped with a heat recovery unit and processing unit, for example, desalination of sea water and its treatment, in the form of thermodistillatory and back-osmotic devices connected to the heat recovery unit, the blades of a wind turbine is performed divided into sections to rotate them relative to each other and can be rotated about their longitudinal axis, and energoproizvodyaschih transforming the unit is made with an additional, self-contained internal combustion engine and connected with it by generator, which is connected with the generator gas turbine engine into a single unit, with the control system includes a device that in conjunction with a computer to ensure Ecevit receiving electrical parameters, similar to the electric grid, and energoproizvodyaschih the unit is made with a device dividing the air flow associated flexible pneumomassage supercharged air flow, and the supercharger is made programmable, for example, pneumatic and multi-stage low pressure which is connected to the air turbine and every element of the process unit, and the level of the high-pressure - device evaporation of water thermodistillatory and back-osmotic device, which is connected to the heat recovery unit, and the connection point pneumococci and power made as a single, connected to the torsion shaft associated with a flow engine and the turbine, the installation is equipped with an additional internal combustion engine, mounted coaxially to the turbine, gas turbine engine and the internal combustion engine is made with a different power, the internal combustion engine is performed by the cooling unit and the heat recovery unit is made in the form of gas-dynamic heat exchanger with the outlet of the exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine and gas turbine engine.

The proposed technical solution is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a diagram of a combined wind power plant comprising a wind power installation 1 wheel is made conical and bladed with division into separate rotary blade device of semioriental wind turbines “wind” due to the yaw damper, the active element is a crank mechanism associated with spring drive, performing the rotation of the blades (angle change their pervonachalnogo installation), this reduces (increases) torque and speed (not shown) with gear 2 connected with the blower air flow (compressor) 3, a reservoir of high pressure 4 and block low pressure 5, the compressor 3 feeds air power turbine 6, costacabana with the main generator 7 and the gas turbine engine 8, an additional internal combustion engine 9 is connected with an additional generator 10, the main generator 7 and additional 10 connected to the power unit 11, which is controlled by the block 12 with the device, equipped with computers providing electrical parameters, similar power from the power unit 11 and the power line 13 is sent to the network; a generator 7, a gas turbine engine 8, the auxiliary motor 9, an additional generator 10 is connected to the heat recovery unit 14 equipped with gas-dynamic 15 16 and tubular heat exchangers, as well as elektroobogrevatelem (not shown), the heat recovery unit 14 is connected to thermodistillatory 17, connected to the additional electrogenerator 10, termtitle the EOS has a collection of clean water 18, the recovery unit has a line hot water supply to the consumer 16A, a collection of clean water thermodistillatory 18 is connected with the back-osmotic device consisting of a fence block contaminated water 19, the cleaning unit of the I-th stage 20 and the reverse osmosis unit 21, and jointly associated with the communication of the supply of clean water to the consumer 22; elements back-osmotic devices and thermodistillatory 17, 19, 20, 21 for reliable operation associated with gear 2 and the clutch between the turbine 6 and the main generator 7 torsion shafts 23, they (the elements) are also connected to pneumothrax low and high pressure and to the electrical system at the same point as for technological purposes - drives of pumps, valves, controls, and control.

Combined wind power installation works as follows: the compressor 3, which has two pressure levels (low and high), pumps air into the manifold 4 and block low pressure 5, from the compressor 3, the air is directed into air power turbine 6 and rotates the main generator GPR 7, associated with the gas turbine engine of the CCD 8 through a slip clutch, it is included in a light wind and a small number of revolutions of the turbine 6, additional internal combustion engine (ice) 9 is connected to the compressor 3 and the additional generator deg 10, it included what is stopping the turbine 6 and the CCD 8, electricity from the GPR 7 and deg 10 is sent to the power unit 11, which is controlled by the block 12 and at a voltage similar to the network is sent to the customer on the line 13, the exhaust gases and heat dissipation, as well as electricity are served from the GPR, GTE, deg, ice - POS. 7, 8, 9 and 10 in the heat recovery unit 14, which houses a gas-dynamic 15 16 and tubular heat exchangers and teleologically, the recovery unit 14 is connected with 10 hot water to the consumer (at a temperature of 95° (C) 16A, and thermodistillation 17 that connects electricity from deg 10 and unit 11, thermodistillatory equipped with a collection of purified water 18, in addition, it is connected with the communication of the supply of clean water to the consumer 22 is connected and the cleaning unit back-osmotic method 21, to which are block fence contaminated water 19 and the cleaning unit of the I-th stage 20. Thermodistillatory 17 and blocks 19, 20 and 21 in order to secure management and operation of connected torsion shafts 23 to thermodistillatory 17 and blocks 19, 20 and 21.

The achievement of a solution of the present invention tested 11 experimental models of its constituent devices: block exchanger with its elements, the stabilization unit voltage, and also, units, items, water purification, etc.; optimized design, the operation of the apparatus; tests confirmed high reliability and usefulness of the decisions taken.

This the present invention meets the criterion of inventive step.

1. Combined wind power installation, comprising energoproizvodyaschih unit in the form of a blade of a wind turbine, the associated blower air flow and energy supply and the transforming unit in the form of an air turbine and connected to the generator, and coupled with a gas turbine engine, characterized in that it is equipped with a heat recovery unit and processing unit, for example, desalination of sea water and its treatment, in the form of thermodistillatory and back-osmoticheskogo device connected to the heat recovery unit, the blades of a wind turbine is performed divided into sections to rotate them relative to each other and can be rotated about their longitudinal axis, and energoproizvodyaschih transforming the unit is made with an additional, self-contained internal combustion engine and connected with it by generator, which is connected with the generator gas turbine engine into a single unit, with the control system includes a device which, together with the computer provides obtaining electrical parameters similar to the electric grid, and energy is homepressdaily the unit is made with a device dividing the air flow, associated flexible pneumomassage supercharged air flow, and the supercharger is made programmable, for example, pneumatic and multi-stage low pressure which is connected to the air turbine and every element of the process unit, and the level of the high-pressure - device evaporation of water thermodistillatory and back-osmoticheski device, which is connected to the heat recovery unit, and the connection point pneumococci and power made as a single, connected to the torsion shaft associated with a bladed turbine and turbine.

2. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional internal combustion engine is installed coaxially to the turbine.

3. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the gas turbine engine and the auxiliary internal combustion engine is made with different capacity.

4. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal combustion engine is performed by the cooling unit and the heat recovery unit is made in the form of gas-dynamic heat exchanger with the outlet of the exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine and gas turbine engine.



 

Same patents:

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SUBSTANCE: proposed wind-power electric generator has tower with swivel cross-member and wind wheel, wind setting unit, rotors and stators with windings; rotors are made in form of aerodynamic washers having shape of concavo-concave disks secured on ends of blades and stator is provided with pole pieces whose ends are magnetically connected with rotors which are magnetically connected with additional stators; blades are provided with additional rotors magnetically connected with additional stators; additional rotors are electrically interconnected.

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