Trainer for layers

FIELD: training of layers, simulation of target selection at various remoteness from the layer in different conditions of illuminance on the background of the terrain.

SUBSTANCE: the trainer is made in the form of a small-sized simulator of a sight-laying instrument with a body, cover and two sight channels. Each channel has an ocular, block of lenses, mirror located in the body. A beam splitter in the form of a block of prisms, lens in a cell and a tube, in which a block of objective lenses collective lens with a reticule, objective lens are located and fastened, are located and fastened inside the instrument body on a common rack. The splitter and the tube make up the sight axis of the instrument beam. The lens in the cell with the reflected sight beam from the splitter make up a reference sight axis in parallel with the instrument sight axis. The optic axis passes through the sight axis and the reference sight axis. The rack is fastened to the body bottom and the cover.

EFFECT: enhanced skill of operation of the layer with a simultaneous control of data and target in the real conditions of terrain illuminance, as well as simplified construction of the trainer.

2 dwg

 

The invention is intended for education and training of gunners, simulate the selection of targets at various distances from the gunner under different conditions of illumination on the background areas, and training in the detection and recognition using managementwho simulator sight-device targeting controlled environment visible gunner through eyepiece reviewer.

Known simulator for training and recognition purposes [1], containing the eyepiece lens system of the lens unit, a mirror in the form of a metallic plate, the beam splitter in the form of prisms, the sighting optical axis of the beam, target and control device.

This simulator [1], we have chosen as a prototype.

The disadvantage of this simulator is to simulate goals in their different contrast on the ground and at various deletions in artificial lighting conditions, a slide depicting a typical landscape, which is illuminated by the light source through the condenser rotating filter of variable density, which get any kind of image contrast relative to the background area, and to the image of the target was always in focus, a special device moves the slide and the lens system along the optical axis, and it reduces the skill of the operator-gunner on the recognition target in the transition from art is public illumination target to the real background illumination areas in their real environment.

And control, which is photographing on film, does not give rapid assessment monitoring source of data on the distance to a target, its size and its search area.

In addition, the presence of special devices to move the mirror - metallic plate, a lens system having a light source and a rotating filter variable density complicates the design of the simulator.

The objective of the invention is the improvement of skills gunner with a simulator of the real device with simultaneous control data and targets in real lighting conditions of the area and the simplification of the simulator for training gunners.

The task of the invention is achieved in that in the simulator for training gunners, containing the eyepiece lens system of the lens unit, a mirror, a beam splitter in the form of a prism, the sighting optical axis of the beam, target and control device simulator for training gunners made in the form of mass simulator sight-device guidance with case cover and two target channels, with each channel has the eyepiece lens Assembly, the mirror, which is placed in the frame, fastened to the housing of the device opposite to each other, and inside the housing on a common rack and are secured to the beam splitter in the form of unit prisms, the lens in the frame and the pipe is aspolozhena and fixed lens unit, team with a lens and a grid, a lens, and the beam splitter and pipe components form the sighting axis of the beam of the device, and the lens in the frame with the reflected target beam from the beam splitter is formed parallel to the sighting axis of the beam control device sighting axis of the beam of the device, with the optical axis of the beam of the instrument passes through the target and the reference beam axis of the device, and the reception is bonded with the bottom of the housing and the cover.

The invention is illustrated graphic materials, in which figure 1 presents a General view of the simulator for training gunners, in which the optical sighting device is designed as a mass simulator sight-device controller includes a housing 1, a cover 2, two target channels 3 and 4, each of which has an eyepiece 5, the lens unit 6, a mirror 7, which is placed and fixed in the housing 8, is fastened to the housing of the device, the rack 9, which are arranged and fixed components: the beam splitter in the form of unit prisms 10, the lens frame 11 and the pipe 12 with the components: the lens unit 13, the team with the lens 14 and the grid 15, the lens 16.

The beam splitter 10 and the pipe 12 with the components forming the sighting axis of the beam 17 of the device, and the lens in the frame 11, and the reflected target beam from the beam splitter 10 is formed parallel to the sighting axis of the beam control device sighting axis of the beam 18 of the device, with the optical axis of the beam of the instrument passes h is cut the sighting axis of the beam of the device and control the sighting axis of the beam of the instrument, and target channels 3 and 4 are fastened to the housing of the device opposite to each other.

Hour 9 is bonded with the bottom of the housing 1 and fixed by the cover - 2.

Figure 2 presents an image of the grid 15, which is located in the field of view of the sighting channel 16, and in addition to the location and purpose of the gunner observes the image of the aiming mark 19 grid 15, consisting of three mutually perpendicular strokes with peak breaks, as well as the number of horizontal strokes 20 digitized 1,5; 2,0; 2,5; 3,4, etc. that serve the ranging scale for discrete measuring distances to targets located at ranges(1500; 2000; 2500; 3000; 4000 m) when the height of target 2.37 metres (the height of the tank).

The horizontal bar 21 of the aiming mark is a support bar for measuring the distance, the peak of the aiming mark 19 is located in the center of the field of view, as in the target channel 16, and a control target channel 18.

Training gunners as follows.

The job of the gunner on the ground, taking into account the direction of fire, finds the target, which is located in the center of the field of view of the gunner's sighting in the channel 16, produces a "cold shot", and through controlling the control target channel 18 also sees sighting mark 13, reflected by the unit prisms 10, and evaluation.

This operation is carried out until automaticity, and the gunner Pref who appears to the simulator device, as to the device.

The gunner when training in shooting repeatedly produces a tip to the specified purpose on the ground in various natural lighting, produces a "cold shot" when combined sighting mark grid, which includes the optical axis of the sighting channel simulator with purpose and precision guidance and defeat the purpose is estimated regulatory control through the sighting axis of the apparatus, the axis of which is parallel to the sighting axis of the device.

When pointing the aiming mark the grid on the target and the production of "cold shot" simultaneously monitored target, range up to her accuracy.

The reduction in error is achieved through training and operational control, the likelihood increases dramatically, provides aiming and review of objectives one and the same eye, increasing the field of view of the gunner, and facilitates the rapid transfer of fire to the front and in depth.

In addition, according to the authors, the simulator for training gunners, which is made in the form of mass and optical simulator sight of the pointing device, allows to solve one of the problems that arise when pointing the device at the target, and it eliminates vibration from hand shake and excitement of the operator in the process of training with retention of the aiming mark grid optical channel simulator (Vizir is th axis) on the specified target.

Thus, the simulator for training gunners increases the skills simulator of the real device with simultaneous control of his work in real conditions of illumination areas, simplifies its design.

Sources of information:

1. "A simulator for training in target recognition", British patent IPC With 02 In 27/14 No. 1441393 - Appl. 26.01.73 No. 4238/73, publ. 30.06.76, prototype.

A simulator for training gunners, containing the eyepiece lens system of the lens unit, a mirror, a beam splitter in the form of a prism, sighting and control device with the sighting optical axis of the beam, characterized in that the trainer made in the form of mass simulator sight-device guidance with case cover and two target channels, with each channel has the eyepiece lens Assembly, the mirror, which is placed in the frame, fastened to the housing of the device, opposite to each other, and inside the housing on a common rack and are secured to the beam splitter in the form of unit prisms, lens in the casing and the pipe is located and fixed the unit lens group lens and a grid, a lens, and the beam splitter and the pipe form the sighting axis of the beam of the device, and the lens in the frame with the reflected target beam from the beam splitter is formed parallel to the sighting axis of the beam control device sighting axis of the beam of the instrument, while the op is systematic beam axis of the instrument passes through the sighting axis of the beam and control the sighting axis of the beam of the instrument, and the hour is bonded with the bottom of the housing and the cover.



 

Same patents:

Combo sight // 2241947
The invention relates to the field of optical instrumentation, and more specifically to devices aiming primarily for armour

The invention relates to the field of optical instrumentation

The invention relates to the field of astronomical instrumentation and can be used in serial small telescopes for fastening the main mirror having a Central hole

The invention relates to an optical instrument, in particular to the sights used in the conduct aimed fire of weapons, or the optic tubes, operating in the visible spectrum radiation

The invention relates to the field of astronomical instruments and can be used in serial small telescopes with a diameter of the existing hole to 750 mm, used for research astroclimate, observations of the Sun, moon and planets, as well as to perform astrophotography, spectral, photometric and other works

Binoculars // 2104577
The invention relates to the optical instrument and can be used in the development of the optic tubes and binoculars

Sight // 2098738
The invention relates to optical devices and can be used for hunting and firearms

The optical sight // 2082201
The invention relates to the field of optical instrumentation and can be used as a pointing device optical surveying instruments, hunting rifles and devices requiring precision pointing on the object

FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.

SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.

EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.

2 dwg

The invention relates to the field of military equipment, in particular to a device for the preparation of the weapons tanks for combat use

The invention relates to equipment and can be used for education and training of shooters-the gunners

The invention relates to the military field, in particular to methods and means for training the firing of different types of firearms

The invention relates to small arms training simulators shooting without the use of ammunition

The invention relates to means learning the firing of small arms without the use of live ammunition and can be used for training shooting from different weapons in conditions of indoor and field conditions

Trainer // 2208214
The invention relates to a training funds, in particular, to develop skills in the use of portable anti-aircraft missiles, rocket-propelled grenades and anti-tank guided missiles

Test bench // 2207486
The invention relates to test equipment and is designed to test control systems for spacecraft

Test bench // 2207485
The invention relates to test equipment and is designed for comprehensive testing of the control system aircraft objects

The invention relates to a training funds, in particular, to devices for teaching and training aiming shooters-aircraft gunners on different types of anti-aircraft complexes

FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.

SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.

EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.

2 dwg

Up!