Method for introducing patients into trance states

FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: one should generate light and sound signals, synchronize them and apply them to affect both visual and auditory analyzers, then patient should be isolated from environmental impacts and with light and sound signals it is necessary to imitate patient's movements and feelings due to reproducing dynamic stereoscopic pictures modeling any preset moving environment around the patient and stereo-sounds. As the source of light and sound signals and, also, for isolating against external impacts one should apply a computer and a helmet or spectacles of virtual reality with mini-displays to be put on patient's head. The method enables to widen the number of ways to introduce patients into trance state.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

11 cl, 3 dwg, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to medicine, in particular to narcology and psychiatry, and can be used to achieve different kind of trance state varying degrees of depth, character and orientation in therapeutic, prophylactic, sports, educational and other purposes, for the treatment of various addictions from drugs, alcohol, tobacco, poisons, food, as well as for effects on nociceptive system in order to achieve General or local anaesthesia.

A known method of introduction into the state of hypnosis, autogenic diving, meditation, trance by the suggestion of spontaneous hand movements with simultaneous occurrence of the specified condition, and pre-inform the patient about the sequence of execution of techniques and sensations that may arise during the transition into the specified state, then after the patient's psychological readiness to move into a state of hypnosis, autogenic diving, meditation, trance, evidence of which is the show of hands a patient, he taught that the hand goes without active muscular effort and the completion of occurrences within a specified condition is touching hands with the surface [1].

The known method does not require any hardware for implementation, however, has a low reliability and reproducibility due to the large dependence on the subjective factor - personal characteristics of therapist, his condition at the moment of impact, as well as low functionality due to the narrowly limited set of techniques, activities therapist, trance, and almost impossibility of their random variation. In this regard, the impact on the well-known method does not allow to achieve various shades of trance States as the depth of the trance and qualitative terms, for example, States characteristic of dynamic exercises (gymnastics zigui, dance, swimming etc) or similar. In addition, according to the concept of the author of the well-known method proposed complex techniques largely negate the state of hypnosis, autogenic dive, meditation and trance, reducing the diversity of manifestations, almost to the same state. The known method is also sufficiently difficult to implement, because it requires therapist great effort and considerable energy output.

There is a method of correction of psychophysiological state of a person, including the registration of physiological parameters, the presentation of the patient, the comparison with the reference, conducting psychotherapeutic influence and control over the condition of the patient, and record thermogram of the whole body, which serves on the one h is the terrain display screen, on the second part which reproduces a reference thermogram of a healthy person, at the same time carry out the filming of the patient, convert video in machine-readable form, enter in the computer and video display on a second screen, which is located above the patient at a distance clear of visual perception, perform hetero - and autosuggestive interventions aimed at the Association of the patient with videobrasil, then release the video from the details and leave it on the screen only his path, then the path is filled with a colored image corresponding to the display pattern, and simultaneously activate the patient's perception of the sensory reproduction, with monitoring carried out by the dynamics of change in the captured image compared with reference, and identifying differences between the procedure is repeated. In addition, to improve the effectiveness of exposure to suggestion the patient is instructed to maintain the rhythm of the breath in accordance with the heart rate in the following ratio: the inhalation phase to be carried out within 6 strokes pulse, breath for 3 blow, exhale for 6 beats of the pulse. In addition, activation of the perception reproduction is performed with the help of the methods of rational psychotherapy and technology hetero - and autosuggestive impact. Also what about the, the respiratory rhythm is reproduced on the video. In addition, the release of the video source from details is carried out for not less than 10 min [2].

The known method is a combination of the method of bio-control with feedback from the techniques of psychotherapy. It is assumed that the application of the method of biocontrol of physiological parameters of the patient (namely, own thermogram) enhances the effect of psychotherapy that facilitates insertion into the TRANS state. The disadvantages of this method are limiting the functionality at the expense of strictly fixed set of techniques, not allowing to simulate achieving trance States in various activities, such as dance, exercises, memorization, etc. in Addition, the disadvantages are the high complexity due to the need to use expensive equipment, in particular of thermograph, and low efficiency due to the inherent difficulty of implementing biofeedback because of the low controllability of physiological parameters through the conscious sphere when trying real management. This fact does not allow the introduction into a deep trance state, which affects the duration of treatment, requiring a significant increase in use is of the way in order psychotherapy. In addition, the known method has a greater dependence on the subjective factor of the personality and status of therapist, which reduces the reliability and reproducibility of the method.

There is a method of introducing into the TRANS state, implemented by the beacon device for psychophysiological relaxation, namely, that generate light and sound signals, synchronize them with each other and affect their visual and auditory analyzers. In addition, the light signals are reproduced on the screen and change their frequency of occurrence, size and configuration in accordance with the dynamics of respiration of the patient, and increase the size of the light spot corresponds to the inhalation and decrease the expiratory ratio, duration 1:2. In addition, the audio signals are noise, like the sound of the waves, the amplitude and frequency of which repeats the dynamics of changing light signals [3].

The disadvantage of this method is low efficiency and functionality for the reason that visual and auditory analyzers affected by relatively simple physical factors, endowed with primitive information structure. In this regard, affecting the signals do not affect the mechanisms that regulated the highest departments of the neocortex, and therefore the effect is the look on the background of tonic or sedative. The same drawbacks are also caused by the primitive synchronization light and sound signals, as well as the absence of special measures to isolate the patient from external interference. Although the known method allows you to enter a trance state with minimal therapist and minimal dependence on its subjective qualities and States, has a low functionality, because it does not allow to achieve different States of trance depth and quality indicators, and it is not possible to simulate dynamic trance States, rational, conscious trance States, etc. in Addition, it is also identified by a low and narrow range of adjustment options, as well as the impossibility of varying the applied techniques of influence on visual and auditory analyzers. This, in turn, significantly narrows the scope of application of the known method and leads to long-term treatment with therapeutic applications.

The aim of the invention is to improve the effectiveness of exposure, the extension of functionality through the implementation of the modeling capability of different methods of introduction into trance States, modeling various high quality trance, and various degrees of depth, and with whom no possible more close to reality simulation of arbitrary movements of the person, including rhythmic, organized or spontaneous, and their reprogramming; the aim of the invention is also to increase the reliability of the trance and simplification of the process by minimizing dependence on personal characteristics and condition of therapist.

To achieve this goal in the known method, implemented using a known light device for psychophysiological relaxation, namely, that generate light and sound signals, synchronize them with each other and affect their visual and auditory analyzers, advanced light and sound signals mimic the movements and sensations arising at the same time, and isolate it from external influences, with the movements and sensations of the patient simulate due to the dynamic stereoscopic images simulating any specified moving environment around the patient and stereozoom, and as a source of light and sound signals, and for isolation from external influences use a computer and a helmet or virtual reality glasses with a mini-displays that are put on the patient's head. In addition, the movements and sensations of the patient, which simulate the light and sound signals, are rhythmic, such as swinging, p. and reproduce this rhythmically moved into the field of view of the patient's visual stimulus, in particular horizontally or circumferentially, and a synchronized rhythmically move the localization of the sound source signal within the stereo width. In addition, the patient's feelings, which simulate the light and sound signals are sensations arising during the dance or performing gymnastic exercises, such as qigong. In addition, use of tactile signals that mimic the effects on tactile analyzer and synchronize them with light and sound signals. Synchronize tactile signals with light and sound due to the fact that simulate touch with the visual images that create light signals. In addition, the introduction of TRANS model due to the fact that plays the game situation in which use of the hazard, and the severity regulate arbitrarily within the capabilities of virtual reality. In addition, the introduction of TRANS simulate a game situation changes, for example, a simulation of a collision. In addition, establish and reproduce the dependence of images, sounds and tactile affecting signals from the real movements such as pan and tilt the patient's head. In addition, produce effects on the olfactory analyzer patient signal generators odour and synchronize these signals in time and space with light, audible and tactile signals. In addition, generators, odor control from a public computer. In addition, establish feedback due to the fact that it makes visual observation of the patient and whether the program impact. In addition, the character and the script influencing complex signals and plan their mutual synchronization program pre-start procedures impact.

Figure 1 shows a plot of GSR, HR and BH during the procedure for example 1.

Figure 2 - the same for example 2.

Figure 3 - same as for example 3.

The proposed method of introduction into trance States based on the simulation on the basis of modern technology not previously used in the hardware implementation of traditional techniques trance influences from a wide Arsenal of ancient methods [5]. Modeling techniques are served in the context of the changed General mentality with regard to phenomena that occurred in the past time and determine the susceptibility to trance influences (for example, a faith in technological progress, improving the symbolization of perception, etc). In particular, it concerns the very fact of applying for implementing techniques of the way of equipment, particularly computer technology that allows the use of natural increases readiness for the absorption of impact, define the age of the criterion impact on the socio-cultural living conditions technical achievements, i.e. scientific-technical revolution.

In the proposed method the impact on the analyzer system is not a simple physical signals that can affect only a background level type of sedative or tonic effects, signals with a complex information structure, and therefore stimulates the functions of the higher departments of the neocortex. The more difficult the applied pressure, the more difficult vnutriorganne processes it can influence and Vice versa [4]. The complexity of information structures affecting signals allows you to call more complex trance States with a wide range of gradations as regards the quality of the content and the depth of immersion, which is unattainable in the known methods. In particular, interconnected complex series of operations of the method allows to simulate the dynamics and feel of the movements in sitting motionless patient, which allows you to play trance States, resulting in the movement, such as dance or when doing dynamic exercises, such as qigong. The use of computer equipment, namely equipment virtual reality allows you to indefinitely extend the way in this direction, the Use of computer virtual real the spine allows an unlimited degree to expand the functionality of the method, because you can play any situation, situation, setting, up to fantastic, not existing in reality, and be flexible in adjusting the program as pre-exposure, or dynamically during the procedure itself, and therefore gives the opportunity to adapt to the individual characteristics and the current status of each patient. It is known [5]that in reality, States of trance can be countless, it is not a discrete set, and a continuous scale, in this regard, trance, sometimes as much as is situational situations. Therefore, when an unlimited number of playback possible efferent models can display an unlimited number of thin qualitatively different trance States, which greatly extends the functionality of the method.

The degree of reality of reproduced signals of the coins to be increased with the use of effects on the olfactory analyzer, synchronized it with all kinds of influences.

The use of virtual reality makes it relatively easy to adjust the degree of emotional stress tension, as a tonic, and physical nature, why use simulation game situation or a sudden change of situation modeling opasnost is, level which is arbitrarily controlled. In addition, given the inclusive process in the penetration of new information technologies in various spheres of life and the attention paid to him by all segments of the population, implementation of the proposed methods method allows to achieve the greatest impact in the most simple means.

The method of introduction into trance States is as follows.

Place the patient in a sitting position in a comfortable chair (you standing or lying down, though less preferred). The patient should be in a relaxed state. Produce the isolation of his visual and auditory analyzers due to the fact that wearing a helmet equipment impact or glasses displays and head stereociliary. Next, produce a flow of light and sound signals to the respective inputs of the analyzer channels of the patient.

In the simplest case, when simulating the rocking of the patient programmatically reproduce on the screen display of the visual stimulus moved rhythmically across the field of view, for example, on a horizontal line from left to right and back, or on a circular path and synchronize with him supplied in stereo speakers audio stereo signal to create the illusion of a moving virtual sound source. Visual stimulus in sa is om the simplest case can be a moving bright spot. Along with these influences to enhance efficiency and reduce the time of the trance, as well as to expand the functionality can be played synchronized with light and sound signals, tactile signals impact on tactile analyzer. This is implemented by, for example, due to the automatic application of mechanical or electrical stimuli, for example, on a horizontal line of the frontal part of the head of the patient.

If helmet use virtual reality hardware Multimedia and computer as the source of light, sound and production managers tactile and olfactory signals, induction of trance carry out detailed modeling of the dynamics of the perception of the environment surrounding the patient during the performance of voluntary movements. Visual signals may be formed in the form of panoramic roaming depending on the nature of the motion of the patient's paintings of the external environment, for example, rooms, nature (forests, fields, urban landscape, water, sea (surface and deep), sky, space (simulation-flight) or fantastic landscapes, the selection of which is produced during the formation of specific interventions for specific purposes. Use the dynamic changes of perspective images, allowing the playback IMEI : who led the illusion of progressive movements - shahania, Jogging, swimming, riding, flight. The nature of these evolutions image plan thus, to accurately reproduce the visual sensations that occur in humans at relevant movements. This is implemented by pre-programming or reprogramming information to provide a virtual reality by means of volumetric computer graphics.

Sound select in order to better underline the visual situation and agreeing with her. This can be done, reproducing and moving virtual source stereo signal from a simple tone to play music and real noisy sounds, voices, etc. accompanying the simulated movement of the patient. Effects and diversity impact is enhanced by better use of information technology "Media", when image and sound pattern continuously recalculated by the computer and keep track of the turns and bends of the patient's head due to the fact that use signals from the position sensors in the helmet virtual reality. This creates the effects of a valid overview of the environment and a more complete illusion of movements of the patient.

The script of the whole complex of impinging signals are planning to pre-n the beginning of the procedures. Can be used constantly the same scenario, or it preprogramming as needed - add, edit, or change the script produced dynamically in the process of the impact of observing the current state of the patient.

Signals impact on olfactory analyzer can be reproduced by the generators smells, representing, for example, heated capsules, which are secured inside the helmet virtual reality and control of the total computer playback software script.

The exposure scenario can be a fantastic game situation with programmable level of emotional stress tension. So, may be perceived "danger", the chase as a continuous action, and one physical, for example, a controversial collision with playback of the corresponding audio, tactile and olfactory effects.

Example 1. Patient K., 35 years. The induction of trance was carried out by simple visual stimulus in the form of a luminous point, rhythmically moved horizontally left and right within a field of view of each eye. For this purpose, the patient wore a helmet with insulated visual and auditory analyzers from the external environment. Simultaneously with the visual stimulus was applied sound C is cash in the form of a simple stereo tone, moreover, the localization of the imaginary source moved rhythmically in phase with the visual stimulus from the extreme right to the extreme left position within the stereo width. Along with this reproduced moving tactile stimuli on the horizontal forehead lines with increments of 2 cm in the form of pressure pulses cores of electromagnets controlled from a computer.

The specified set of signals modeled a simple motor act - swaying, after which the patient was in a trance state through 1, 2 min from the beginning of exposure, which was confirmed by subjective indicators, a decrease in the heart rate from 75 to 60 BPM, CD from 22 to 18 min-1and simultaneous alignment of breath. In addition, it was observed plateau GSR with a General increase active electric resistance (see figure 1).

Example 2. Patient P., aged 27. The induction of trance conducted due to the fact that he wore a helmet virtual reality yrx-1, connected to a computer IBM P11350, and reproduced the complex visual-auditory sensations simulating occur any patient with the following movement types:

- practicing Taijiquan, Chen style, 32 form - in room, in the woods, in the mountains;

- "flight"turning into "hover" among the mountains;

- hovering over the surface of the sea.

The whole procedure lasted 6 min;

HR/BH before the procedure - 81/25;

the first minute of exposure - 90/30;

on the third minute - 72/21;

in the sixth minute - 61/15.

GSR in the first minute of exposure showed a decrease in electric resistance with its subsequent increase to the end of the second minute, stabilization and a plateau at 3 minutes with increasing electric resistance 2.5-2.8 times (Fig, 2). The value of electric resistance slightly decreased when measured after 0.5 hours after the procedure. After 5 similar procedures, the patient became much calmer, emotional reactions more stable with lower reactivity. The induction of trance States learned state can call itself arbitrarily by the desire to maintain the necessary time without instrumental effects, similar to how this is achieved after a long workout on the system of tai Chi Chuan (less than 1 month for 3-4 hours each day).

Example 3. Patient L., 31. The induction of trance States carried out through the use of VR-yrx-1, which was simulated game situation with the motion with variable acceleration through the maze, helicopter flight in mountainous terrain by creating illusions of danger (chase, sudden raids of hostile creatures, shots, explosions, traps, etc). The extreme situation was accompanied by the simultaneous playback cycle is selected sensations with the help of actuators, built-in helmet, and the spatial location of the tactile stimulus was oriented in the direction of the generated visual and sound images. The exposure time is 5 minutes. The level of emotional tension was growing in the middle of the procedure, when he reached the climax, then decreased and at the last minute were eliminated altogether. Dynamics of HR and BH (figure 3) is almost in line with changes in emotional tension, their values were prior to the procedure 78/25, when reaching climax 97/31 and decreasing to the end of the procedure to 80/26. After exposure there was an increase of muscle tone, a significant improvement in response, the memory that was tested on a number of tests. In addition, decreased fatigue throughout the day.

The proposed method has been applied in clinic Republican narcological dispensary Ufa for entering patients into trance States in the treatment of drug, alcohol, tobacco, drug and food addictions, as well as psychosomatic diseases. The time of the trance was 1-2 minutes Method of treatment differed from the control only by way of introduction in trance States. It was treated more than 1,500 patients of different nosological groups. The control group consisted of 250 patients with similar diagnoses. Compared controlnow group percentage of remissions increased in average size from 8 to 22%, moreover, the increase in the percentage of remission on the value of over 15% was observed in 72% of cases, indicating a high degree of effectiveness of the proposed method in comparison with the known.

The proposed method of introduction into trance States in comparison with the known analogues, including the prototype, has the following advantages:

- much richer, because due to the introduction of additional operations, organized suggested by the way, is the possibility of modeling the various techniques of the trance traditional trance medicine that has not been performed so far using equipment;

- a significantly higher impact due to the use of the latest social attitudes, forming a new information space of modern life, due to the use of high alert for the assimilation of virtual reality created by the spread of new information technologies, and to increase the manipulative and the symbolization of perception in the sphere of consciousness;

- increased efficiency and functional capabilities through flexible change of program impact and virtually unlimited opportunities to play various situations, allowing to model sama the various movements of the patient, remaining in a stationary position, which allows to induce a trance state, similar to those conditions that arise in real behavioral acts from simple movements to complex systematically organized types of behavioral activity;

sports games, exercises, swimming, flying, etc.;

- almost unlimited possibilities of induction of different types, degrees and gradations trance States, which comprise virtually continuous scale that allows you to subtly adjust and match the nature of impacts depending on the specific tasks, personality and current state of the patient;

- significant simplicity guidance trance state, similar to that achieved long numerous training about large expenditures of time and effort;

- independence from personal subjective characteristics of therapist and the current state, and therefore the proposed method has significantly higher reliability and ease of implementation, requires virtually no from the GP cost and effort of any art and special training.

Sources of information

1. RF patent №2006029, IPC6A 61 M 21/00, 1994

2. RF patent №2012364, IPC6A 61 M 21/00, 1994

3. Speaker of the USSR №1463309, IPC6A 61 M 21/00, 1989

4. Saveliev A.V. Ek is valentinetti organization - the material substrate of the universal relations of the world. - In the book: Informational and cybernetic control systems and their elements: the age of three. nauch.-the practical. proc. - Ufa, 1995, p.30-31.

5. Kandyba A.I. Technique mental hypnosis. Rostov-on-don: Phoenix, 1995, p.236-277.

1. The method of introduction into trance States, namely, that generate light and sound signals, synchronize them with each other and affect their visual and auditory analyzers, characterized in that the light and sound signals mimic the movements and sensations arising at the same time, and isolate it from external influences, with the movements and sensations of the patient simulate due to the dynamic stereoscopic images simulating any specified moving environment around the patient and stereozoom, and as a source of light and sound signals, and for isolation from external influences use a computer and helmet or virtual reality glasses with a mini-displays that are put on the patient's head.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the movements and sensations of the patient, which simulate the light and sound signals, are rhythmic, such as swinging, when it plays rhythmically moved into the field of view of the patient's visual stimulus, in particular, l is or circumference and a synchronized rhythmically move the localization of the sound source signal within the stereo width.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the patient's feelings, which simulate the light and sound signals are sensations arising during the dance or performing gymnastic exercises, such as qigong.

4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the additional use of tactile signals that mimic the effects on tactile analyzer, and synchronize them with light and sound signals.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that synchronize tactile signals with light and sound due to the fact that simulate touch with the visual images that create light signals.

6. The method according to claims 1, 4 and 5, characterized in that the introduction of the TRANS model due to the fact that plays the game situation in which use of the hazard, and the severity regulate arbitrarily within the capabilities of virtual reality.

7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the introduction of TRANS simulate a game situation changes, for example the simulation of a collision.

8. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that establish and reproduce the dependence of images, sounds and tactile affecting signals from the real movements, for example, pan and tilt the patient's head.

9. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that produce effects on the olfactory analyzer patient signal generators smells and synchronize these signals in time and space with light, audible and tactile signals.

10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that the generator odor control from a public computer.

11. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the set feedback due to the fact that it makes visual observation of the patient and whether the program impact.

12. The method according to claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the character and the script influencing complex signals and plan their mutual synchronization program pre-start procedures impact.



 

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1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, psychiatry, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with carrying out dietotherapy and psychotherapeutic impact in the course of group seances. Moreover, the main psychotherapeutic impact should be performed during two seances per 8 h each, each due to marathon technique under asthenization conditions, biorythmical misfunctioning and behavioral stereotypes. Motivation should be elaborated for patient's healthy nutrition along with self-confidence and belief into success. Program for losing body weight should be developed to visualize and concretize therapy. Diary for nutritive behavior should be written, psychological protection should be performed in case of affected dietary situation. After the main seances one should carry out psychotherapeutic impact during one seance of 3 h duration in 1 or 3 mo. During seances the results obtained should be fixed by discussing and excluding situations provoking obesity relapse. The method enables to prolong duration and stability of remission.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with the ways to treat alcoholism, narcomania, tobacco smoking, obesity, sexual disorders, gambling-mania and others. Videopicture contains either one or two additional exposures, the 25th and 26th, correspondingly, each of them contains verbal information of either prohibiting or encouraging character and depictive information that corresponds to the character of verbal information. Moreover, at first, it is necessary to show the 25th exposure only, then - the 25th and the 26th exposures together, then again - the 25th exposure only. Duration of seance for videopicture watching should last for about 20-40 min. The method enables to perform less severe impact upon a patient.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 cl

FIELD: medicine, in particular, narcology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using computer as apparatus for displaying on monitor screen of brain colored images reflecting at least two states of brain: before coding by separating portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof reflecting increasing extent of brain affection, and after coding by separating big portion of bright-red color on the background of portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof, respectively; explaining to patient that portion of bright-red color is his dominant code resulted from treatment; before coding procedure, applying and fixing on patient's forehead electrodes simulating elimination of brain potentials; in the course of coding, exposing patient to light flashes with switched-off common illumination and to continuous acoustic signals generated by means of acoustic synthesizer; during coding procedure, exposing patient to light flashes issued from, for example, stroboscope, said light flashes being emitted at frequency of 1-3 Hz; providing immediate suggestion by means of microphone and telephone headsets electrically connected to microphone and secured on patient's head. Method allows preliminary treatment procedure to be avoided.

EFFECT: increased therapeutic effect.

4 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out physiological examination with electroencephalogram recorded. Cognitive evoked potential method is additionally applied as neuropsychological examination for detecting hard and latent organic brain lesions causing central nervous system pathological disorders. An additional psychophysiological examination is carried out with vision analyzer test, visuomotor response test being applied for obtaining estimations of selection, discrimination, noise immunity and muscle endurance index, movement coordination, response to moving object and integral estimation of attention and ability for perceiving significant information, motor analyzer rapid response production estimation, estimation of nature of cardiovascular system response to given psychoemotional loading estimation. The examination is sequentially carried out as primary control when hiring personnel, as intermediate control in following a training course and emergency training. Psychological testing is of multi-purpose nature. To achieve it, a set reliable tests and methods of prognostic and substantial validity are applied, including intellect and project-building tests and standardized self-reports. When making decisions concerning professional validity based on test and examination results, risk group is selected from operation personnel.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of occupational skill assessment.

FIELD: medicine, human weight correction.

SUBSTANCE: while elaborating self-realization formula a dietologist should develop weight correction mode for a patient during certain period of time without health deterioration. A psychotherapist should detect several targets for weight correction followed by psychotherapeutic seance by applying neurolinguistic programming. For this purpose, a patient should provide picturesque and detailed description of desirable function. Moreover, a psychotherapist detects positive, emotional and autonomic manifestations to form conditionally reflector relationship due to tactile contact. Under supervision of a psychotherapist due to suggestion technique a patient should imagine "a part of personality" responsible for weight correction. Then his psychotherapist has communication with mentioned "part of personality", arouses patient's attention to desirable result and fixes elaborated conditioned reflex. Then a psychotherapist illustrates communication with physical feelings that correspond to either negative or positive answer and their appearance in "a part of personality". At establishing tactile contact a psychotherapist suggests to choose new ways of behavior directed onto weight correction, obtains agreement from "a part of personality" to take care of this very function, which a psychotherapist should monitor by physiological manifestations and fix with conditioned tactile contact. A patient suggests new ways of alimentary behavior, analyze them and choose not less than 3 really achievable ones and "a part of personality" is responsible for automatic implementation of these new ways of alimentary behavior in patient's next life and at achieving positive answer from "a part of personality" sйance of psychotherapy should be finished by returning a patients into awakening state. Moreover, one should prescribe a diet at decreased caloricity of 800-900 kcal during the 1st mo, then - 1200 kcal for another month with subsequent achieving its value to correspond to normal body requirements. Psychotherapy lasts for 3-4 seances in 3-5 d at repeated maintenance therapy in a month, 1 seance. The method enables to achieve stable weight decrease during preset period of time for prolonged terms.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of weight correction.

1 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, anesthesiology, intensive therapy, surgery.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation is suggested to correct anesthetic therapy in postoperational period. One should apply a modified visual-analog scale of pain on which patient should mark independently his (her) pain feelings by fixing them on vertical sections of the above-mentioned scale of pain every 2 h during the day, then doctor should plot an algogram of daily fluctuations of patient's pain feelings to analyze them for estimating the strength of pain feelings and adequacy of analgetic therapy conducted; and by taking into account the data obtained to conduct correction anesthetic program next day. The present innovation enables to adequately evaluate patient's pain feelings in postoperational period for subsequent performing adequate preventive analgetic therapy of pain syndrome, that, in its turn, enables to prevent pathological postoperational syndromocomplex.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of correction.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, cardiology.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation includes hypolipidemic diet. Additionally, in the state of meditation one should induce the feeling of thermal disposition in intestinal area due to autosuggestion spirally starting from dextral ileal area and performing about 3-5 circles clockwise, only by narrowing the radius of movement towards navel's area, then about 3-5 circles clockwise by widening the radius of movement against initial circumference. Then one should similarly work with feelings of colic pains and cold. Moreover, autosuggestive impact should be carried out twice daily for 30-40 d, and then - once daily every other day to maintain cholesterol level at normal value. The method enables to treat hypercholesterolemia in patients despite cholesterol level.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicinal cosmetology.

SUBSTANCE: at first, one should perform target psychological tuning up for the work with a certain patient. Then, at the fist stage it is necessary to remove articular blocks, relax muscular-ligamentous apparatus of body joints with light swingings of patient's head and limbs. Moreover, one should apply long smoothing movements for limbs. The first stage should be finished with respiratory exercises. Then comes relaxing massage of jugular area and hands, plastic impact upon facial fasciae and muscles, massage of biologically active points and linear facial massage. Then one should do the complex of strengthening exercises for the neck and face. At the same time, one should concentrate patient's attention upon coming feelings in jugular and facial areas. Complex of strengthening exercises for the face and the neck should be performed every day. The present innovation enables to maintain daily tonicity of facial myofascial layer well.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 cl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine, thoracic surgery, anesthesiology.

SUBSTANCE: as non-narcotic medicinal preparation one should apply heparin to be introduced intratracheally at the dosage of 300-500 IU/kg, moreover, heparin should be introduced during the first 30 min after the operation is over. The present innovation enables to create prolonged anesthetizing effect in combination with prophylaxis of postoperational thrombohemorrhagic complications due to heparin capacity to be kept in the body due to its accumulation by mast cells at blockade of their fermentative activity followed by its gradual release into the blood.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 cl, 1 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves doing complex of physical training exercises on the background of medical rehabilitation treatment. First, dominant hemisphere is determined. Next, exercises are done expanding in turn over higher and higher levels of the nervous system beginning from homolateral movements of extremities. Then, heterolateral movements are done with extremities: first, without crossing median line of the body and then with shoulder girdle rotation to one side and pelvic girdle to the opposite side ending in movements crossing the median line. Then, the heterolateral movements are combined with eye movements and functional loads upon the hemispheres. Infinity sign drawing is carried out in the air with the right hand, left hand and with both hands, following the imaginary drawings with eyes and transferring center of gravity from one leg to the other one. Then, symmetrical figures are drawn simultaneously using both hands. Then, autotraining exercises are done consisting in creating and fixing in memory image of both working hemispheres.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of influence exerted to both hemispheres in activating interhemispheric links and restoring injured cortical functions.

8 dwg, 2 tbl

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