Apparatus and composition for releasing of soap bubbles

FIELD: production of toys.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises pipe having one end for air supplying and other end for forming of soap bubbles, said pipe being equipped with air suction openings. Pipe wall has folds defining surface composed of alternating ridges and slots. According to second version, apparatus is additionally provided with air supply branch pipe, closure and vessel for film-forming composition. According to third version, pipe of apparatus is adapted for insertion into casing equipped with heater for air delivered for bubble formation. Composition for release of bubbles contains surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling point polar water-soluble solvents. Surfactants are selected from the group consisting of anionic and non-ionogenic surfactants, with content of anionic surfactants making 0.5 wt% concentration and content of non-ionogenic surfactants making 0.1-1 wt% concentration, and with ratio of non-ionogenic and anionic substances ranging between 1:3 and 1:30.

EFFECT: provision for changing of size and number of bubbles produced, and obtaining of large bubbles with strong, elastic and colorful film.

25 cl, 7 dwg, 9 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of devices for transmission of bubbles in entertainment and entertainment purposes.

The bubble can be described as the volume of gas contained within a thin spherical liquid film. Producing bubble toys and devices have found wide spread due to the popularity of these devices in children. The General principle of these toys or devices is that the hole-type ring on the end of the wand or the hole on the end of the tube is wetted by the composition intended for the formation of bubbles. After wetting hole structure due to surface tension across the opening formed film, which in the presence of the gas pressure on one side of the hole bends and forms bubbles, dissociating from said hole and flying into the air.

To obtain bubble large size use device that represents a frame (ring holder) of large diameter, as well as devices in the form of a tube. The tube allows you to make the device small and are most comfortable using. To increase the efficiency of blowing bubbles use a tube in which there are openings for extra unmetered air entering the education bubble. The examples give the TV, designed for a bubble large size, using the principle of blowing soap bubbles through the tube described in U.S. patents, standard rooms 2205028, 2561974, 2711051, 3183621, 4770649, and in the patent of Russia №2139119, 2193437.

Bubbles get with the help of special compositions. Typical toy composition to obtain bubbles contains water and dissolved surface-active agent (surfactant). Surfactant reduces the surface tension of water so that when the ring or tube is immersed in the composition, the film composition is formed across the opening, and in the presence of a gas stream with one hand bends and forms bubbles. Composition for transmission of bubbles in addition to the surfactants typically contains high-molecular compounds and other additives. The compositions tailored to the design features of the device, which get bubbles, given the size of the bubble and the time of its existence before destruction. Examples of compounds for transmission of bubbles is described in the U.S. patents, standard rooms 2433625, 2469045, 3630951, 4284534, 4511497, 6008172, 6056983, in the United Kingdom patent No. 2086407.

There are several analogues designed to obtain bubbles of large size.

In U.S. patent 2205028 described conical cardboard tube, one side of which is fixed a mouthpiece for the Netanya air. The mouthpiece is fixed along the axis of the tube, at a distance from one of its ends so that the distance between the mouthpiece and the tube was left completely open holes. When blowing air through the mouthpiece is forcing atmospheric air into the tube, which, when wetted with the opposite end of the tube of film-forming composition, to the formation of bubbles. On the lower end of the tube with the inner side have a ring with grooves for better wetting of the hole structure. External and internal surface of the tube is smooth or porous.

The disadvantages of tubing is run into it completely open holes, and performing surface of the tube is smooth. The presence of open holes and smooth the surface of the tube contributes to the runoff part of the tube while blowing a bubble, especially when its orientation upwards and sideways. Runoff composition on the tube wall and through the holes leads to his getting on his hands and face. In addition, when catching breath (exhalation) the film of a soap bubble is reduced and partially pushes the warm and humid air in the face, causing discomfort.

Closest to the proposed variants of the device are tube for blowing soap bubbles, described in patent RU 2193437 from 20.05.2001, and a device for the extraction is Denmark bubbles in patent RU 2139119 from 10.10.1999.

According to the first source, a device for blowing bubbles includes a tube, one end of which carry a supply of atmospheric air, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction. According to the second source, the device for convenience may be combined with cap and tank for film-forming composition. When using the device a stream of air or gas is fed through a nozzle into the tube, due to being created in the upper part of the tube of the vacuum in the device is pumped by an additional amount of atmospheric air that enters the formation of bubbles. Due to the above effect, the device allows you to get the bubbles are large or numerous bubbles of medium size.

The disadvantage of these devices is the running surface of the tube smooth (smooth), which reduces the efficiency of blowing bubbles large when the orientation of the device hole facing upwards and sideways.

Regarding trains for transmission of soap bubbles, in the prior art known film-forming composition to obtain bubble large size (approximately 40 cm in diameter), where the surfactant is used perifericheskie connection - U.S. patent No. 3630951. This composition is effective reduces the surface tension and allow you to get bubbles with thick elastic film. Perifericheskie surfactant used in the form of a solution with a concentration of fluorine-containing surfactant 0.5-5 wt.%. As additives in the formulation to use a range of polymer compounds, polyethylene oxide, polyvinyl alcohol, polyglycols, etc. To reduce evaporation of the solvent from the surface of the film bubble in the structure add 15-40% glycerol.

The disadvantages of the composition should be attributed to the high viscosity, which leads to the need for slow and careful blowing the bubble, since the film in the initial period of blowing fragile and often breaks.

Closest to the claimed composition is a composition for transmission of bubbles at the above patent RU 2193437 from 20.05.2001, including surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling water-soluble polar solvents.

The disadvantage of this structure is the low strength of the film in the formation of bubbles of large size.

The present invention is to create a small, easy to use device for transmission of soap bubbles, aimed to produce bubbles of large size, whose flight can be managed effectively by blowing soap bubbles up (above the head).

The technical result consists in the possibility of changing the value and quantities of the received soap bubbles, flow control and humidity, forming bubbles.

This technical result is achieved by a device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, according to the invention, the tube wall perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions.

On the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube. The tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes. Holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube. The folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water. In the holes of the tube set flap valve.

This technical result is also achieved by the fact that the device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, pipe for air supply, the cover and the container for film-forming composition according to the invention, on stink the tubes perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions.

As in the previous case, in the second embodiment, the device on the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube. The tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes. Holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube. The folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water. In addition, the cover device has a tapered narrowing, and in the upper part of the tubes are slit-like openings. The tube is fixed in the lid due to the deformation of the folds. To provide clearance between the wall of the cap and pipe the latter rests against the middle part in the ribs made in the lid.

This technical result is also achieved due to the fact that the device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, according to the invention, the tube wall perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions, and the tube is inserted into the casing, having agrawalla air, injection on the formation of a bubble.

In this embodiment, the device, as in the previous, on the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube. The tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes. Holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube. The folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water. In the holes of the tube set flap valve.

Also the invention aims to develop a harmless, non-irritating to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract composition for transmission of bubbles is large in size, with a durable and colorful film.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that the composition for transmission of bubbles, including surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling water-soluble polar solvents, according izobreteniya, surfactants are selected from the group of anion active and non-ionic content of anion active surfactants in a concentration of 0.5-5 wt.% and the content of nonionic surfactants in a concentration of 0.1-1 wt.%, when the ratio of the number of neio agennix and anion active surfactants, appropriate from 1:3 to 1:30.

Anion active surfactants are selected from the group of alkyl sulphates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, sulfates of ethoxylated alkanols. Nonionic surfactants are selected from the group of ethoxylated alkanols and fluorine-containing ethoxylated alkanols. The composition contains solubilization organic matter and organofluorine compounds. May additionally contain components consisting of molecules with hydrophobic radicals at the ends and hydrophilic groups in the Central part.

In more detail the objectives and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description.

Device for transmission of soap bubbles, described in this application allows you to get the bubbles to the large size moving upward (above the head), which is associated with bubbles is lighter than air and with the possibility of bubbles acceleration due to the energy of air flow when the orientation of the device hole up. The device allows to expand possibilities of getting bubbles large (diameter of 10-50 cm and more) by improving its operational characteristics associated with improvement of structural elements.

The most important element of a device for transmission of bubbles t is aetsa tube, which is the formation and growth of bubbles. The tube may be cylindrical, conical, or more complex (curly) forms, including having expansion or contraction, and has a plot with a developed surface. On the walls of the tube are protrusions and depressions, forming pleats, folds can be made by type of bumps. For suction injected into a bubble of air in the tube holes. Face hole and optional, that are in the walls of the tube and can be in the form of slits and slots located in the folds of the tube. The tube may be able to warp with changes in size and shape, as well as with the possibility of varying the flow area of the holes. The combination of the tube with a pipe for air supply allows you to make blowing bubbles simpler, and the use of the device more convenient. The pipe is used to supply the tube exhaled air or forced by means of pump gas. Optionally, the device for transmission of bubbles can be combined with cap and tank for film-forming composition (composition for transmission of bubbles).

To improve the film formation when the formation of the bubble tube, which is the growth of the bubbles, has an undulating surface formed by carebusiness the protrusions and depressions. The manufacture of the tube wall fold increases the actual surface area of the tube and gives it a number of new performance, improving the education bubble and extend the capabilities of the device.

For blowing soap bubbles tube wet film-forming composition for forming a film of a soap bubble. The delay of the film-forming composition in the folds of the tube and its spreading on the tube allow to accumulate on its surface considerably more composition than on the tube with smooth surface, the composition accumulates on the surface of the tube (the folds), and does not flow through it, as it does on the tube without folds. With the increase in the number and size of the folds increases the amount of film-forming composition that stays on the surface, including in the folds. When blowing bubbles film-forming composition is entrapped in the air stream and folds moved to the end of the tube, where it formed a bubble. This allows gradual flow of the composition to create a bubble by increasing its size and related needs in the new amount of the composition for film formation. The gradual flow of the composition is provided when the angle of inclination of the tube and change karasti gas flow inside the tube, that allows you to increase the size of the bubble, because the flow of air to inflate provides a gradual supply of bubble film-forming composition.

The folds on the surface of the tube are in the form of alternating projections and depressions, and, depending on the method of manufacture, they may have a different shape.

Regarding the design of wrinkles on the surface of the tube should explain. The tabs can be run as smooth edges, and depression - like recesses between the ribs. Depending on the thickness of the tube folds can be hard go deformable, they can be in the form of alternating furrows or appearance of bumps. Folds (protrusions and depressions) may be located either on the outer surface of the tube (the inner surface is smooth), or only on the inner surface of the tube (the outer surface is smooth), or on the outer and on the inner surface of the tube at the same time. The number of projections and depressions on the external and internal surfaces of pipes and their sizes may be different. On the surface of the tube wall, at least there are three tabs and three depressions, forming its surface, and the number of folds in the upper and lower part of the tube wall may vary. The number of folds on the surface of the tube may be different and is associated with the diameter trunk is, the size of bubbles, the film-forming properties of the composition, and structural features of the device. Typically the pleats are in the form of a long longitudinal grooves extending the entire length of the tube or on a part of its length. Also the tube can be folded partially, for example from one end, or folds can be on both ends of the tube, in which the Central part has no folds. The shape of the folds may be different: round, rectangular, triangular, or have a more complex configuration. In addition, the folds can be slots, channels and capillaries to increase surface area and better retention of the film-forming composition, including due to capillary forces. In addition to making longitudinal folds, they can be oblique, spiral and transverse or in various combinations. In this case, due to the adjustable spreading film-forming composition on the surface of the folded tube is able to carry out his gradual movement of the tube when it is tilted or rotated around an axis that allows you to get the bubbles are larger in size or more than the tube with smooth surface.

For convenient use of the device for transmission of bubbles preferably, when blowing bubbles is th can be kept horizontally or with a slight angle above the horizon (this is the most comfortable pose) and quickly adjust the angle during blowing, that gives you the ability to control the direction of flight of the bubble. In this case formed on the end of the tube devices bubbles are emitted mainly upwards, i.e. after separation from tube bubble flies over your head, and then gradually drops down, making the air much longer way than when the orientation of the tube device with the opening facing down. The possibility of blowing bubble up largely depends on the conditions of wetting and film formation on the lower end of the tube. As mentioned above, the presence on the surface of the tube projections and depressions contributes to improved supply of bubble film-forming composition. In addition, a significant impact on blowing bubbles has the angle cut end of the tube, and the thickness of the cut end of the tube.

Production on the lower end of the tube extension (scarp), which is a thickening of the tube wall, improves film formation and can blow bubbles significantly larger than the tube without the extension, especially when the orientation of the device for transmission of bubbles horizontally or with a slight angle above the horizon. Most effective for blowing soap bubbles is large in size and transmission them up is to run the tube that combines the ledge with the folds on the outer surface of the tube, and the ledge having a recess in the front-end part.

The tube device with an extended bottom part also significantly increases the lifetime of the bubble, which is associated with the formation of a thicker film and best supply of its film-forming composition, leading to the increase in the size of the bubble when blowing. This is especially true in conditions of low humidity when the film of a soap bubble is subject to rapid drying, which often leads to premature destruction of the bladder.

The expansion of the lower part of the tube is carried out as a thickening of the wall, mostly located near the end. This expansion is usually made in the form of a ledge located on the outside of the tube wall. The angle of the end slice of this ledge is usually located within 90-15°and preferably is about 45°for the whole ledge. The thickness of the extension tube wall in the best case scenario corresponds to the thickness of the widest part of the ledge in the range of 2-10 mm, but may vary from this amount, depending on the tube diameter and the applied film-forming composition. In order for bubbles to stabilize at the maximum diameter of the tube, the extension is usually performed in the form of a small ledge width (length), usually 2-10 mm Ledge usually go smoothly is the CIO to the diameter of the tube, preferably at an angle of 45°, although the angle may be within 90-15°. Thus the angles of the lower part of the ledge (from the side) and the upper part of the ledge (rear-end) may vary. The ledge may consist of parts with different angles, for example the front-end part with the angle of cut 90° and tapered at an angle of 45°and from the backside to have the tabs at an angle of 45° and depressions (grooves) between them that is most convenient in the manufacture of the tube molding of plastics.

When blowing bubble film-forming composition, wetting the surface of the tube end comes to the education of the film bubble. The film initially formed on the inner surface of the tube at the narrowest place, at the blowing of the bubble moves to the outer surface of the tube, in the part where the tube has a maximum diameter of the ledge. Thus it turns out that the bubble is fixed at the maximum diameter of the tube and fluctuations in the air can move through the tube, but all the time returns to the maximum part of the extension. Execution end of the slice (or part of end cut) tube angle makes this task easier, the bubble moves along the tube smoothly without jumps, collecting her film-forming composition. Stabilization of the bubble on the maximum diameter of the tube improves the conditions of film formation. The hcpa is x, leaving the inner bore of the tube takes place in a bubble away from the edge of the film bubble, which moves in maximum diameter and are less affected by the convective flow of air. The film of a soap bubble, moved on the ledge, is more durable and thick, it can blow bubbles up, giving them the acceleration in isolation from the tube, to obtain bubbles of a larger size on the film-forming composition in conditions of low humidity. Time survivability bubble film increases, as it slowly dries upon contact with dry air entering the bladder. While blowing bubbles large size is much more efficient than the tube without extension (ledge).

Structurally, the ledge is performed as a single item with a tube or as a separate ring which is slipped onto the tube with the outer side or inserted into the tube end forming a narrowing of the internal part and the external expansion of the tube. Usually the ledge perform at the end of the tube, but it can be done at a distance from the end or to be mobile.

In the manufacture of the ledge on the tube as a single item it has a kind of extension of the tube wall. Typically, the ledge from the face side has a section with tapered narrowing, and the back side has a seizure. Cone reduce the s from the rear side is formed smaller ledges, turning from the ledge on the tube. The protrusions on the surface of the tube can be made as small ribs, depressions formed by the space between the tabs at the bottom of the tabs expand, moving into a ledge, which then tapers off at the end of the tube. When executed on the external surface of the tube of projections and depressions, creases or edges may abut the ledge. In the back of the ledge, you can perform the notches coinciding with the troughs on the surface of the tube, which increases the accumulation on the ledge of a film-forming composition. The notches and slots in the back of the bench are made with regard to the reduction of the thickness (volume) of the ledge in the manufacture of plastic parts by injection molding.

In the manufacture of the shelf in the form of a ring it is fixed to the tube without gap when it is adjacent to the tube closely, or clearance (gap)between the handset and ring. The width of the gap is preferably in the range of 0.1-10 mm Ring is fixed on the smooth surface of the tube can be attached to the tabs of the tube, with projections and depressions or ribs made in the tube or ring, etc. While the notches on the tube may be formed through the channels and holes passing between the tube and the ring. When the fastening ring on the ribs, is made on the tube or on the ring, to ensure that the gap between trubk the th and ring, the width of the gap is also preferably is 0.1-10 mm

On the surface of the ledge can be performed cracks, grooves, furrows, grooves for better wetting his film-forming composition. The ledge may have a different geometric shape with a concave or convex conical part. And can also have a wavy surface, to be rounded and the other forms.

The presence of the ledge in combination with pleats on the tube can blow bubbles up through the kinetic energy of the air flow, and due to the lower density of warmer air inside the bubble to blow bubbles over the head and to control their flight.

In addition to its primary purpose the ledge serves as a blade for removal from the container with the film-forming composition of the foam formed during the blowing of soap bubbles.

Making the surface of the folded tube makes it possible to change its functional size by compacting or straightening the folds. This tube is made of thin material that allows it to deform with little effort, and it does so when compressed by hand or simple tools. In relation to the specifics of blowing soap bubbles of different size, the possibility of deformation of the folded tube provides a number of advantages over the tube with the conventional surface. The presence of longitudinal folds (bumps) gives the possibility to change the diameter of the tube as a whole and its individual parts, that is a very significant factor influencing the formation of the bubble. When the radial compression of the tube with longitudinal folds of the deformation of the folds and their seal, the diameter of the tube decreases. For tubes, plastically deformable, straightening or folding of the corrugation allows you to change its size. For a tube of elastic material it is possible to fix the new position of the tube and get a tube of smaller diameter. For example, you can compress the elastic corrugated tube by hand to insert such a compressed tube in a ring of smaller diameter or to clasp her collar and get a tube of smaller diameter. Upon release of the tube from the ring or clamp it will return to its original diameter. Similarly, you can increase the diameter of the tube relative to the source, if you expand the tube. For the elastic tube can be fixed inside the ring of larger diameter and lock new larger diameter tube, as the ring bursting tube, folds are straightened, resulting in an increase in diameter. In the same way you can get a tube of a different configuration, such as oval. That is, folded (corrugated tube allows you to adjust its diameter accounts for the folding and straightening the folds, moreover, such regulation can be carried out and in the process of blowing a bubble, clenching or unclenching elastic tube by hand. Due to such properties of the corrugated tube can be obtained bubbles of different sizes on the same tube as the size of the blown bubbles depends essentially on the diameter of the tube on which they are formed. The tube is of small diameter to receive the bubbles small and medium size, and the tube of a large diameter bubbles of large size.

The ability to change the size of the tube when folded bumps also allows you to change its shape. Deforming the folded tube of plastic material in a particular location, you can change its dimensions, affecting the shape change. For an elastic tube with longitudinal folds, the shape change can be achieved by transformation of a tube in one of its parts, for example, fixing the expanding ring inside the tube and constriction rings on the outside of the tube at its ends or in the Central part. You can get the cone expansion and contraction, for example, you can get a tube shape, classic jet compressors, having a narrowing in the Central part and extending along the edges. You can get tapering to the bottom of the tube, the tube receiving soap bubbles is more stable fixation of the annular insert in Utri tube, at its lower end (where the bubbles), with the slight deformation of the tube, allows the formation of a bubble in the most convenient location of the tube. When using tubes with transverse corrugations can be lengthen or shorten the tube, clenching or unclenching its axis, to change its curvature, straightening or shifting the folds on one side of the tube.

That is, the tube having pleats, made of polymeric materials or cardboard, can easily change their diameter and shape under compression. Elasticity given longitudinal corrugations that allows you to compress and decompress the tube, changing its cross-section, and the presence of transverse folds to stretch and bend the tube and to perform both operations at the combined or helical corrugation. Execution folded or wavy tube can unify blowing bubbles large and small size, improves the functional characteristics of the claimed device for transmission of bubbles due to the possibility of changes in flow area, length and shape of the tube.

As an additional functionality of the device for transmission of bubbles should be noted that the implementation of the surface of the folded tube also allows you to perform the humidifying the air supplied to the education bubble, when spacian the internal and external surface of the tube with water. Humidifying the air inside the bubble can increase the stability of the film due to the slow drying of the film bubble during its contact with air. The folded tube has a large surface area in comparison with the ordinary tube, wetting with water significantly increases the contact surface, and when the passage of air through the tube it effectively hydrated. To increase the surface of the tube, moistened with water, the number of folds made maximum, in addition to the folds in the walls of the tube, you can make additional cuts to increase the surface area of the tube. The presence of the slits increases the vaccum tube by increasing capillarity and increase the total surface area. Additional slots do in the form of notches, grooves, pores and recesses on the surface of the tube. Moisten the tube of water, for example, filling her up inside, or used to soak the tube itself is film-forming composition. Water is retained in the folds and grooves of the tube, and when the blowing of the bubble, due to contact with air passing inside and outside the tube, evaporates and humidifies the air. For even more efficient humidification of the air in the tube, you can insert the tab of porous materials, fabrics, impregnated, water, etc. you can use an elastic porous material to the who put on the phone and close all or part of holes for air suction, and the air passing through the porous material, moistened and comes to the education bubble. Thus, when the humidification using a folded tube can increase the size and number of bubbles, especially at low humidity by increasing the stability of the film.

To regulate the flow of air entering the education bubble, and to prevent displacement of air from the tube film of a soap bubble between exhalations, in the holes of the tube is fixed flap valves. The valve is in the form of a thin diaphragm (tape), against the inner surface of the tube, in the form of petals from a polymeric material, and closes the openings in the walls of the tube. During injection of air through the nozzle into the tube in the upper part of the vacuum is created, the petals thibaudia, and holes are opened, allowing unmetered air. In between breaths petals lock holes, preventing the reverse air outlet. The petals are pressed against the walls of the tube with minimum effort and easily depart from the hole due to the pressure difference inside and outside the tube while blowing a bubble. Installing the flap valve allows you to adjust the flow rate of drawn in air and lock the device in the absence of exhalation, and the locking valve is Pribaikalie petals to the wall of the tube by adhesion, and due to the pressure created by a film of fluid, tending to reduce the surface of a soap bubble. To facilitate separation of the petals from the surface of the tube while blowing a bubble inner part of the flat areas. Petals is fixed directly on the tube, attaching them to one of the parties to the surface of the tube, and on the other side leaving, or ring, which is inserted inside the tube and to which the petals are fixed with one hand. When this ring is fixed in the tube, for example, when the elastic deformation of the folds. To facilitate extraction of the petals from the holes of the tube, they may have little tabs that go through the holes in the tube, which can be pressed by the fingers to control the flow of air entering through the holes. Install flap valve simplifies blowing bubbles large younger children and allows you to take long breaks between exhalations of air, without reducing the size of the bubble.

To change the temperature of the air entering the education bubble, use additional element - heater (or heat exchanger), which come in a special casing, which houses the folded tube. In the simplest embodiment, the casing is made of two parts abutting each other, for convenience, it is equipped with a handle (handles), inside the casing there is an empty cavity where fix the heater, which can be used bottle or heating pad with warm water, a burning candle, Sparkler, etc. In the upper part of the casing is a hole in which the insert and fix the device for transmission of soap bubbles, and below devices, on the inside of the casing is secured to the heater. The device is inserted into the hole of the casing, is made in the form of the cross section of the tube. The tube is inserted into the hole of the casing tightly and, thus, are fixed, with holes for air leaks, made in the walls of the tube within the casing, and the ends of the tube outside. When using the device the casing is held by the handle and carry out the injection of air into the bubble. Air passes inside the enclosure is heated by a heater or heat exchanger and fed to the education bubble. The use of the heater allows you to raise the temperature of the air inside the bubble and get light bubbles, dissociating from the device and move upward. Thus, the cover may be visually attractive form, for example in the form of attractive figures, etc.

Device for transmission of bubbles can be performed in different designs, it includes skladchatoi tube with holes for additional suction of the air pumped by the formation of bubbles, which in the end or in the wall, and may also contain auxiliary elements, pipe for air supply, the cover and the container for sealing devices and other

For better efficiency of the device while blowing bubbles large size for more convenient use them folded tube is combined with a pipe of smaller diameter (smaller perimeter), and is combined with a lid and a container for film-forming solution. In such a device cover protects hands and face drops from film-forming composition, flowing on the tube while blowing bubbles up, and it is more convenient to use. In the device for transmission of bubbles combined type sealing cap and the vessel is carried out after they are coaxially aligned and lowering the lower end of the tube into the container by screwing the lid on the container or by other known methods. For sealing pipe use the cover, which is attached to the cover via a flexible conductor (usually a strip of polymeric material). Flexible conductor one end of which is fixed on the cover (for example, on the pipe), and at the other end of the conductor has a cap that seals the pipe. Except stub to PR is the Vodnik can be attached to the mouthpiece, designed to extend the pipe (or several mouthpieces), and the ring worn on the pipe for fixing or fastening stub. The cap seals the nipple in misexplanation period. Flexible conduit may be used for more convenient fastening device for transmission of bubbles on hand while slipping his hands between the conductor and the cover, making use of the device more convenient, and capture more reliable.

The device combined type with adjustable cross-section through-holes due to the depth of the tube changes the air flow and change the composition of the air inside the bubble. This can be used to configure the device for different weather conditions, temperature and humidity and for different users depending on the desire to get large bubbles or small. If the entire cover is conical, then, changing the depth of insertion of the tube into the cap by sealing or straightening the folds, the change in the diameter of the portion of the tube, which is inserted into the cap, it also changes the flow rate and the composition of the air entering the education bubble. Thus, control of air leaks in the device without the use of the adjusting devices.

A brief description of the trait is her.

Figure 1. a schematic representation of a device for transmission of soap bubbles, with a view of the folded tube.

Figure 2 shows a cross-section of the tube along the line B-B.

Figure 3 shows a device for transmission of bubbles with a pipe.

Figure 4 shows a device for transmission of soap bubbles, combined with cap and tank for film-forming composition.

Figure 5 shows a device consisting of a tube with holes in the upper part, having on the outer surface of the protrusions, depressions and expansion of the ledge.

Figure 6 the lower part of the tube in figure 5 shows in section a-A.

7 shows a device for transmission of bubbles with a pipe having folds and ledge, combined with the capacity for film-forming composition.

Detailed description of the drawings.

Figure 1. a schematic representation of a device for transmission of soap bubbles. The device has the form of a folded tube (1) with longitudinal folds (2), slit-like holes (3) in the walls and ring (6) at the end.

Figure 2 shows the projections(4) and depressions (5) the surface of the tube.

For additional unmetered air entering the education bubble, in the walls of the folded tube (1)having longitudinal folds (2)perform a slit-like openings (3). Holes (3) in the tube has the form of slits (slits), located in the folds of the tabs (4) is whether the depressions (5)) tube. This arrangement and configuration of the holes (3) allows for additional adjustment effect associated with a change in air flow during deformation of the tube (1). When the radial compression of the tube (1) with longitudinal folds (2) folds (2) are shifted, blocking the flow area of the holes (3), and, on the contrary, when the radial opening of the tube (1) fold (2) straightened and the cross section of the holes (3) increases. The number of false air in the device is changed in accordance with change of the bore holes (3). Clenching and unclenching tube (1) or locking its size, push the tube a ring of smaller diameter or a clip, you can adjust the suction air entering the education bubble. For more convenient use of the device the tube end through which carry out the injection of air, you can protect ring (6)having a rounded (smooth) shape, and folds (2) tube (1) can be fastened on the ring (6)having an inner coaxial groove. The ring closes the folds of the tube at its end and protects the face from spreading film-forming composition, and also allows you to press the end face to her lips.

Figure 3 the device for transmission of bubbles has a nozzle (7), mounted on the folded tube (1) jumper (8).

Pipe (7) to discharge in skladchatoi tube (1) gas or air, it is fastened to the tube by means of jumpers (8) or ribs made in the tube between the holes (3). Pipe (7) is fixed on a folded tube (1) so that when it is deformed not to interfere with the compression and expansion of the tube, at the same time he can be with the folded tube (1) single item or fixed on her.

Typically, the nozzle is oriented coaxially with the tube and secured tightly. The pipe can also be attached at an angle to the axis of the tube or can be rotated to any angle up to 90 degrees relative to the axis. In the latter case, it is fixed on a flexible (elastic) jumper that allows for tilting of the nozzle to control the gas flow inside the folded tube and guide tube and pipe independently of each other. With the same aim the nozzle can be connected with a tube through the elastic insert (for example, the rubber section of the pipe). Forcing air through the nozzle exercise, exhaling his or pumping using a small handheld or stand-alone compressors (blowers).

In the device for transmission of soap bubbles, combined with cap and tank for film-forming composition, the nozzle is fixed in the lid.

In figure 4 the device for transmission of bubbles combined with a lid (9) and the capacity for film-forming composition (10), cover imeet the upper part of the conical constriction (11).

Such a device for transmission of bubbles is a folded tube (1), inserted in the casing, consisting of a cover (9) and capacity (10). The folded tube (1) a cylindrical or conical shape is fixed in the lid due to the deformation of the folds (2). When executing the diameter of the lid (9) is slightly less than the diameter of the folded tube (1) placement in the lid (9) of the elastic folded tube (1) is carried out after the radial compression of the tube (1), fold (2) is compressed and the tube (1) is inserted into the cover (9). When releasing the tube (1) she straightens and fixed in the cover (9). And lugs (4),forming a rib abuts the wall of the cover, and depression (5) form a hole (gap) between the wall of the cover (9) and tube (1). During the movement of the tube (1) on cover (9) you can change the depth of her landing and affect the flow area of the end holes.

The ability to control air flow in the device, combined with a lid (9) and capacity (10), due to the deformation of the folded tube (1) is used in the case when the cover (9) has a conical constriction (11) in its upper part and in the upper part of the folded tube (1) are slit-like openings (3). When the tube (1) is inserted into the cover (9) and slide inside the upper part of the tube (1) abuts against the tapered constriction (11) of the lid (9) and deformed, jumpers (8) tube (1) is moving, blocking the incoming section of the slit-like holes (3). In operation air enters the gap between the inner surface of the cap (9) and is held in the grooves of the depressions (5) tube (1), and then through cracks and openings (3) of the tube (1) is adjudged to be in its inner part and is keen to education bubble.

Figure 5 the device consists of a tube (1) with holes (3) in the upper part, having on the outer surface of the projections (4), depression (5) and expansion - the ledge (12), which improves film formation on the tube end.

Figure 6 the lower part of the tube (1) in figure 5 is shown in the cut. Tabs (4)located on the outer surface of the tube (1) at an angle (13), pass to the ledge (12). The ledge has a tapered portion (14) and the end section, is made at a right angle (15). The recess (5) on the outer surface of the tube at the rear of the ledge also form the notches (recesses in the ledge), increases the wetting his film-forming composition. Such a tube can be used for self blowing bubbles, may be supplemented by a branch pipe fixed in the upper part, for the convenience of the blow, and also is used for fixing the cover to the device, combined with the capacity for film-forming composition.

7 a device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube in figure 5, combined with a receptacle (10) for forming the level. In this version of the device, the tube (1) is attached to the nozzle (7)embedded in the cover (9) and closure cap (16). Tube (1) rests in the middle part of the ribs (17)made in the cover (9), which provide clearance between the wall of the cover (9) and tube (1). This ensures unmetered air entering the education bubble through the gap between the walls of the tube (1) and cover (9) and holes (3)made in the tube (1).

In the device for transmission of bubbles using special composition - a composition for transmission of soap bubbles, the properties of which are optimized for the claimed device. The composition forms a strong, flexible and colorful film of a soap bubble, he can blow bubbles is large or numerous bubbles of small size due to the spreading and accumulation in the folds of the device and due to the formation of bubbles on the ledge. Description composition is a second object of the invention.

The formulation aimed to produce bubbles of a large size by using the claimed device for transmission of bubbles, can blow big colorful soap bubbles flying up. To this composition and height requirements that are associated with the necessity of obtaining the optimum thickness, durability, brilliance and elasticity square the NCI big bubble. Achieving all of these qualities are associated with the creation of a multi-component composition, the description of which is discussed below.

Composition for transmission of bubbles is an aqueous solution of anion active surfactants in combination with nonionic surfactants, components, stabilizing the film of a soap bubble, high-molecular compounds and electrolytes. The percentage of anion active surfactants in the composition mainly corresponds to 0.5-5 wt.%, when the content of nonionic surfactants in an amount of 0.1-1 wt.%. Thus the ratio of nonionic surfactant and anion surface-active substance is in a ratio of 1:3-1:30. To reduce surface tension and improve the elasticity and stability of the film composition may further comprise components that stabilizes the film of a soap bubble, organic surfactants other types, including halogenated surfactants, for example perifericheskie surfactant, and solubilization organic and fluorine-containing compounds. In addition to water in the composition can be used more water-soluble high-boiling polar solvents.

The described structure provides reception of colorful, durable and elastic film big bubble. The size of the bubble obtained with this composition by blowing it through a tube or by using a device for transmission of bubbles with the additional air supply, can reach a diameter more than one meter.

As anion active surfactants in the composition for transmission of soap bubbles use alkyl sulphates with the General formula ROSO3M, which can be both primary and secondary, alkyl sulphonates RS3M, alkylbenzenesulfonate and anion active derivative nonionic surfactants - sulfates of ethoxylated alkanols R(och2CH2)nOSO3M, as well as other known compounds having surface-active properties. In the above formulas R is typically corresponds 8-22 carbon atoms, M corresponds to a monovalent metal, ammonium ion, etc. and the number oxyethylene groups (n) is 1-3. For more effective reduction of the surface tension of the composition of part or all of the hydrogen atoms in the hydrophobic part of the anion active surfactants may be substituted with halogen atoms, mainly on the fluorine atoms. The concentration of anion active surfactants should not exceed 5 wt.%, and preferably should be located at the level of 1-3 wt.%.

For the regulation of consumer characteristics of the composition, it may also contain other types of surfactants (ampholytic, kationaktivnaya), including perifericheskie.

As nonionic surfactants in the composition is applied substances with low solubility in water and polar organic solvents. It is linear and time is ellenie ethoxylated alkanols with the General formula RO(CH 2CH2O)nH, ethoxylated ALKYLPHENOLS RArO(CH2CH2O)nH with the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=1-5, and the number of carbon atoms in the hydrophobic chain R = 8 to 20, and ethoxylated carboxylic acids, ethoxylated amines, ethers, etc. Attach different numbers of molecules of ethylene oxide can widely change the physical properties of nonionic surfactants, but to create a structure for obtaining bubble large size in the first place of interest surfactant with a small number oxyethylene groups and low solubility in water and polar solvents used in the composition. In addition to these components, you can use the derivatives of amides alkylcarboxylic acids RCONHOCH2CH2OH, where R contains from 7 to 20 carbon atoms. The composition may also contain nonionic surfactants, block copolymers, including oxyethylene and oxypropylene fragments. The use of nonionic surfactants in which part or all of the hydrogen atoms of hydrophobic chains are replaced by halogen atoms (fluorine), contributes to the improvement of consumer properties of the composition. The number oxyethylene groups (n=1-5)required to achieve a certain degree of solubility of nonionic surfactants, related to number of carbon atoms in the hydrophobic parts of the molecules R and degree ftorirovannogo radical. When the number of carbon atoms from 8 to 30 the number of fluorine atoms is from 0 to the maximum substitution of all hydrogen atoms in the hydrophobic radical. When the same length of oxyethylene chain with increasing number of carbon atoms in the hydrophobic part of the molecule and the degree of ftorirovannom nonionic surfactants, their solubility decreases. When mixing individual nonionic surfactants highest solubility are characterized by mixtures containing compounds with the shortest and longest oxyethylene chain.

The concentration of nonionic surfactants in the composition corresponds to 0.1-1 wt.% and is associated with low molecular solubility of these nonionic surfactants in the composition. Why use low surfactant concentration to obtain bubble large size below.

Analyzing the basis of preparation of the composition for transmission of bubbles, it should be noted that when the blowing soap bubbles through the tube, the main difference between blowing bubbles large size from blowing soap bubbles of small size is that the period of time during which it is blowing a large bubble, much longer than the small. For this reason, the film big bubble more susceptible to destruction due to evaporation of the solvent (dry film) and syneresis, which leads to the E. premature rupture. Film big bubble should not be thin, so that the lifetime of the bubble was longer due to longer evaporation film. At the same time, the film must have a high viscosity, in order to minimize the phenomenon of syneresis, and must be flexible.

Specificity blow a bubble using the device for transmission of soap bubbles, using the concept of secondary air injection, is a high speed flow of air through the tube and blowing bubble above his head, to make it easier to play and watch soap bubbles. For the above reasons, the composition for transmission of bubbles are special requirements.

The principle of making composition for transmission bubble large size is to obtain a composition in which the anion active surfactants and nonionic surfactants in the presence of components, roll film, macromolecular compounds, electrolytes to form a slurry with a low viscosity. While blowing a bubble viscosity of the composition increases dramatically, because the composition is concentrated in the process of blowing a bubble as the evaporation of the solvent. This initial surfactant concentration and high molecular weight compounds should not be high, so that the film of a soap bubble to the maximum extent consisted of in the s or other polar solvents. Therefore, the number of surfactants and other soluble components of the composition predominantly should not exceed 5 wt.%. At higher concentrations of surfactant film is more pale or white, and its strength decreases. At concentrations of soluble components of the composition is below 5 wt.% the lifetime of the bubble film is substantially increased because of the formation of a thicker film of a soap bubble, and also due to the longer period of evaporation of the solvent, the concentration of which in this case is increased. In addition, to obtain a film of a large bubble, which has high strength, is required to provide a high intermolecular interaction and three-dimensional structuring of the composition. To achieve this, the composition is administered nonionic surfactants having a true low solubility and high adsorption at the boundary of water and air, and components for roll film of a soap bubble.

The behavior of nonionic surfactants in aqueous solutions is determined by their intermolecular interactions. Their dissolution is caused by the interaction of water with the oxygen atom of oxyethylene group, hydration leads to associates, the consequence of this is changing the properties of the composition, leading to hardening of the film bubble, because the adsorption layer in addition to the surfactant molecules contains water molecules associated with the atom is mi oxygen oxyethylene group. In terms of joint presence in the composition of the anion active surfactants and nonionic surfactants with low solubility occurs hardening of the film bubble as the bubble blowing and evaporation of the solvent. Since the solubility of these nonionic surfactants in water and many polar solvents is much lower than the anion surface-active substance, as a result of joint dissolution of the surfactant leads to the formation of a structured solution at low concentrations, which is necessary for the formation of a film of a large bubble. Association of nonionic surfactants with water molecules leads to an increase in the viscosity of the composition, hardening of the film bubble and its preferential adsorption at the interface.

The ratio of anion active surfactants with nonionic surfactants in the composition for transmission of bubbles is usually in a ratio of 1:3, 1:30. When these ratios observed optimal for obtaining the film big bubble concentration components, providing durable and colorful film bubble. The film of a soap bubble is obtained a solid, transparent and shiny, and the light shimmers like a rainbow, it is the coloring due to light interference. This effect occurs at a certain film thickness and depends on the concentration of components.

<> As a component that stabilizes the film of a soap bubble, use a long-chain linear and branched molecules containing hydrophobic radicals located at the ends and containing a hydrophilic group in the middle part of the molecule. In particular, these compounds, formed from long-chain molecules with hydrophobic radicals such as R(CH2CH2O)nOR, RAr(CH2CH2O)nOArR, RO(CH2CH2O)n'OR. RAr(CH2CH2O)nOR, and similar, the Number of carbon atoms in the hydrophobic chain R is usually from 6 to 20, and the number ethyleneoxide groups n=1-30. Hydrophobic radicals may contain instead of hydrogen atoms by fluorine atoms. Ethylenoxide group in these compounds can be replaced by other hydrophilic groups, for example, propylenoxide and other film Stabilization presumably occurs due to the interaction of hydrophobic Konov molecules of the stabilizer with the surfactant molecules and the hydrophilic part with water molecules. What formed the structured film of a soap bubble, which has improved durability. Introduction to the components, roll film, allows to obtain a film of a large bubble optimum thickness and color. The number of components, hardening the film of a soap bubble, typically less than 1 wt%.

As high-molecular compounds, which improve the elasticity of the film bubble, comprising use of a known substance from the group of polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol and water-soluble derivatives of cellulose - hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, etc. are the Concentration of components is typically 0.1-1% for compounds with molecular weight 1000-200000 and is associated with a specific connection properties. The concentration of high-molecular compounds should not be high in order not to unduly increase the content of soluble components, because their increase leads to excessive viscosity of the composition and more rapid drying and destruction of the great film of a soap bubble.

As electrolytes in the composition used various compounds that modify the solubility of surfactants and other components of the composition, due to vicalvaro effect linking surfactants in complex and structured solution or stabilizing the pH of the composition, as well as influencing the viscosity and surface tension of the film bubble. As the use of such compounds chlorides, sulfates, acetates, ammonium gluconate, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, aluminum, and other salts. To regulate the pH of the composition use of salt and a weak acid, which can oblad the TB bactericidal properties. In particular, sodium benzoate and benzoic acid, sodium tetraborate and boric acid, sorbic acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, chlorides of calcium and magnesium and other

We should also mention the possible additives in the composition of the compounds that violate the structuring of water (for example, urea in an amount up to 1 wt.% promotes the release of water molecules of hydration oxyethylene chain). It is also possible to use compounds that alter the taste and color composition (citric acid, flavourings, sweeteners type of fructose, glucose, sucrose or xylitol and sorbitol (at a concentration of 0.1-10%) and food dyes), etc.

In the composition for transmission of bubbles in the solvent used water. To an aqueous composition for transmission of bubbles is characterized by the formation colorful, flexible and durable film when the concentration of the water from 99 to 95 wt.% water. The use of nonaqueous solvents having a boiling point above the boiling point of water, can improve the brilliance and stability of the film bubble. When the content in the composition of the nonaqueous solvent of the water is replaced with them. In such composition, the content of non-aqueous solvents may be in a wide range and reach up to 90%, which allows to obtain a film of a large bubble, almost not affected by drying. the beside of glycerol in the composition it is possible to use other high-boiling water-soluble polar solvents: propylene glycol, polyglycols and other

The concentration of anion active surfactants in the composition for transmission of bubbles is usually below the critical micellization concentration (CMC). The concentration of the nonionic surfactant may be lower than the CMC, can be at the level of PFC or above CMC. Micelle formation is characteristic of all types of surfactants, but for nonionic surfactants, the CMC values about two orders of magnitude smaller than that of anion active surfactants with the same hydrocarbon chain. Through the use of nonionic surfactants with low solubility can be reduced PFC to the content of nonionic surfactant is less than 1 wt.% when the content of anion active surfactants below 3 wt.%. In the case of joint presence in the solution of anion active and non-ionic surfactants, the formation of mixed micelles consisting of nonionic molecules and anion surface-active substance, components, stabilizing the film of a soap bubble associated with water molecules, macromolecular compounds and ions of electrolytes.

With the aim of obtaining a mixed micelle formation of more complex composition using solubilizers properties of surfactants. The structure of the composition when CMC is used to solubilize organic compounds that are not soluble and sparingly soluble in water and polar solvents: hydrocarbons, long-chain alkanols, perifericheskikh compounds, etc. These soy is inane can influence the properties of the film bubble. When the number is added to the surfactant solution solubilizing organic compounds of molecular weight of the micelles increases due to the increase in the number of surfactant molecules in the micelle and absorption of hydrocarbons, which leads to an increase (heightening) micelles solubilizing connections. As solubilizing organic substances can be applied ethoxylated compounds, such as long-chain components, stabilizing the film of a soap bubble that has limited solubility in the composition. You can also use the connection, slowly evaporating in the air, such as liquid paraffin hydrocarbons with a number of carbon atoms in the chain With=8-20, or more preferably C=10-16; alcohols (alkanols) with C=6-22, or more preferably C=8-16, as well as aromatic hydrocarbons, unsaturated hydrocarbons, fluorinated hydrocarbons and fluorinated alcohols, etc. That is non-toxic organic and organofluorine compounds that evaporate in the air more slowly than the water evaporates, and solubilization composition. When blowing bubble solubilization connections come in the film, it improves the brilliance of the film and leads to hardening and slower drying in air. The number solubilizing organic compounds, hydrocarbons and fluorine is asih compounds is usually not more than 5 wt.%.

Low concentration of surfactants and other components in the composition for transmission of soap bubbles and the high strength of the film leads to the formation when the bubble of a small number of films and drops. At the optimum ratio of the components in the tear film bubble is collected in one or more large drops or clots. The resultant small droplets and films is minimal, and because the components are not toxic and are used in low concentrations, the composition does not irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract, you can use them, blowing bubbles in the immediate vicinity of the person.

As anion active surfactants, film-forming composition can be used which are produced on an industrial scale and are certified for production of baby shampoos and cosmetic products of substances such as surfactant components and high molecular weight compounds concerns “Unger” and “Clariant”.

Ufarol TCL 92 - powder linear lauryl sodium.

Ufasan TEA - linear Las triethanolamine.

Ungerol N 2-70 and Ungerol LRS 3-70 - laurilethersulfate sodium with two and three molecules of ethylene oxide (sodium Laureth sulfate).

Tylose CBR 10000 G1 Carboxymethylcellulose.

Tylose H 10000 G4, N 200000 YP2 - hydroxyethylcellulose and other

Example 1.

To 100 ml of distilled water add 3 g line l is arylsulfatase sodium concern “Unger” (Ufarol TCL 92), 0.1 g of ethoxylated alkylphenol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain=14-20 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups, n=1, 0.1 g of carboxymethylcellulose company “Clariant” (Tylose CBR 10000 G1), 0.5 g of sodium chloride and 0.5 sodium benzoate. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, the composition is used for blowing soap bubbles with a size of 10-50 cm in diameter using a device for transmission of soap bubbles.

Example 2.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of linear Las triethanolamine concern Unger (Ufasan TEA), 1 g of polyoxyethylene alkylphenol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain=8-14 and the number of oksietilirovannykh groups, n-5, 0.3 g of carboxymethylcellulose company Clariant (Tylose CBR 10000 G1), 0.3 g of sodium chloride and 0.5 sorbate sodium. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, use composition to blow bubbles with a size of 10-50 cm in diameter.

Example 3.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unger (Ungerol N 2-70), 0.3 g of polyoxyethylene alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain With 10 to 14 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=2, 0.2 g of gidroxiatilzelllozu the eskers company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 G4), 0.1 g of calcium chloride and 0.5 sodium benzoate. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, use composition to blow bubbles with a size of 10-50 cm in diameter.

Example 4.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unter (Ungerol LES 3-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain=8-20 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=3, 0.2 g of hydroxyethyl cellulose company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 G4), 0.2 g of magnesium chloride, 0.1 g of the mixture of components R(CH2CH2O)nOr SIG, RAr(CH2CH2O)nOR, RAr(CH2CH2O)nOArR, where R is 6 to 20, and n=1-12. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, use composition to blow bubbles the size of 10-60 cm in diameter.

Example 5.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unter (Ungerol LES 3-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain C=10-14 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=3, 0.2 g of hydroxyethyl cellulose company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 04), 0.1 g of calcium chloride, 1 g of paraffin hydrocarbons with C=10-16. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring during the 1 hour. After cooling, use composition to blow bubbles with a size of 10-50 cm in diameter.

Example 6.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unger (Ungerol LES 3-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene fluorinated alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain=8-10 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=4, 0.5 g of hydroxyethylcellulose company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 G4), 0.1 g of calcium chloride and 0.5 sodium benzoate. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, use composition to blow bubbles the size of 10-60 cm in diameter.

Example 7.

To 100 ml of distilled water, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unger (Ungerol LES 3-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene fluorinated alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain=8-10 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=4, 0.5 g of hydroxyethyl cellulose company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 G4), 0.1 g of calcium chloride, 0.1 g of the mixture of components R(CH2CH2O)nOr SIG, RAr(CH2CH2O)nOR, RAr(CH2CH2O)nOArR, where RF is a hydrophobic fluorine-containing organic radical comprising from 6 to 16 carbon atoms, and n=8-30. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, the use of the composition for which iguania bubbles the size of 10-70 cm in diameter.

Example 8.

To 50 ml of distilled water and 50 g of glycerin, add 3 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unger (Ungerol N 2-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain C=10-14 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups, n-2, 0.2 g of hydroxyethyl cellulose company Clariant (Tylose H 10000 G4), 0.1 g of calcium chloride and 0.5 sodium benzoate. Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, the use of the composition for blowing soap bubbles larger than 50 cm in diameter.

Example 9.

To 10 ml of distilled water and 90 g of glycerin add 4 g of sodium Laureth sulphate concern Unger (Ungerol LRS 3-70), 0.5 g of polyoxyethylene alkanol with the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl part of the hydrophobic chain C=10-14 and the number of polyoxyethylene groups n=3, 0.5 g of polyvinylpyrrolidone, 0.1 g of calcium chloride, 0.5 g of alkanols with 8-16, urea of 0.5 g is Dissolved components when heated to 50-60°and With stirring for 1 hour. After cooling, the use of the composition for blowing soap bubbles larger than 50 cm in diameter.

Composition for transmission of bubbles allow you to get bubbles large size, which are characterized by colorful and elastic film, which plays on the light all the colors of the rainbow, and are intended for use together what about with a device for transmission of soap bubbles. Also the composition can be used with other devices - tubes or rings designed to produce bubbles with a diameter of 5-50 cm or more.

1. Device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, characterized in that the tube wall perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that on the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the holes of the tube set flap valve.

7. Device for transmission of bubbles, comprising a tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and on the natives, the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, pipe for air supply, the cover and the container for film-forming composition, characterized in that the tube wall perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions.

8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that on the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube.

9. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes.

10. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube.

11. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water.

12. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the cover device has a tapered narrowing, and in the upper part of the tubes are slit-like openings.

13. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the tube is fixed in the lid due to the deformation of the folds.

14. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the tube rests against the middle part in the ribs made in the lid, which provide clearance between the wall of the cap and tube.

15. Device for transmission of bubbles include the tube, one end of which carry the air supply, and the other is the formation of bubbles, with holes for air suction, characterized in that the tube wall perform folds, forming a surface consisting of alternating projections and depressions, and the tube is inserted into the casing, having a heater for the air pumped to the education bubble.

16. The device according to item 15, wherein the lower end of the tube is a ledge in the form of thickening of the tube.

17. The device according to item 15, wherein the tube is of a deformable material with the ability to change size, shape and bore holes.

18. The device according to item 15, wherein holes for air leaks have the form of slits, located between the projections and depressions on the surface of the tube.

19. The device according to item 15, characterized in that the folds on the surface of the tube there is an additional slot for wetting the surface of the tube with water.

20. The device according to item 15, characterized in that the holes of the tube set flap valve.

21. Composition for transmission of bubbles, including surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling water-soluble polar solvents, characterized in that the surfactant is substances are selected from the group of anion active and non-ionic content of anion active surfactants in a concentration of 0.5-5 wt.% and the content of nonionic surfactants in a concentration of 0.1-1 wt.%, when the ratio of nonionic and anion active surfactants corresponding to from 1:3 to 1:30.

22. The composition according to item 21, wherein the anion active surfactants are selected from the group of alkyl sulphates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, sulfates of ethoxylated alkanols.

23. The composition according to item 21, wherein the nonionic surfactants are selected from the group of ethoxylated alkanols and fluorine-containing ethoxylated alkanols.

24. The composition according to item 21, characterized in that it further contains components consisting of molecules with hydrophobic radicals at the ends and hydrophilic groups in the Central part.

25. The composition according to item 21, characterized in that it contains solubilization organic matter and organofluorine compounds.



 

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Synthetic detergent // 2230101
The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing of all types of textile products, as well as for other household needs

The invention relates to liquid detergent compositions for washing glass, porcelain, earthenware, ceramic, aluminum and other dishes, and can also be used to wash equipment in the food industry and public catering enterprises

Detergent // 2225436
The invention relates to detergents to clean metal and glass surfaces, washing oiled clothing and can be used in machine-building and repair enterprises in the food industry, as well as household cleansers

The invention relates to an improved method for producing a detergent in the form of a gel and can be used for cleaning sanitary products, boiler equipment, household and industrial premises

The invention relates to detergent-disinfectants and can be used for sanitizing milking and dairy equipment

The invention relates to the field of entertainment, in particular, for use in sports, Wellness and recreational activities as Board games

The invention relates to the field of toys, namely, devices for blowing bubbles

The invention relates to the manufacture of toys and allows you to expand the technological capabilities while enhancing entertaining toys

FIELD: production of toys.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises pipe having one end for air supplying and other end for forming of soap bubbles, said pipe being equipped with air suction openings. Pipe wall has folds defining surface composed of alternating ridges and slots. According to second version, apparatus is additionally provided with air supply branch pipe, closure and vessel for film-forming composition. According to third version, pipe of apparatus is adapted for insertion into casing equipped with heater for air delivered for bubble formation. Composition for release of bubbles contains surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling point polar water-soluble solvents. Surfactants are selected from the group consisting of anionic and non-ionogenic surfactants, with content of anionic surfactants making 0.5 wt% concentration and content of non-ionogenic surfactants making 0.1-1 wt% concentration, and with ratio of non-ionogenic and anionic substances ranging between 1:3 and 1:30.

EFFECT: provision for changing of size and number of bubbles produced, and obtaining of large bubbles with strong, elastic and colorful film.

25 cl, 7 dwg, 9 ex

FIELD: games.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to entertainment devices. The device for luminescent soap bubbles obtention contains the device for air or gas supply, capacity with a solvent, the power supply, a rotor, a membrane and a cover with holes, regulators of air or gas supply, regulators of air stream, source of light radiation, excitation source luminophor or a gas ioniser, or batcher of chemical substances supply. The solvent is structure of a mix of the surface-active substances, the distilled water, glycerine, a sugar syrup, luminophors, or luminescent inert gas, or chemical substances.

EFFECT: device and structure provide luminescent soap bubbles obtention.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: production of toys.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises pipe having one end for air supplying and other end for forming of soap bubbles, said pipe being equipped with air suction openings. Pipe wall has folds defining surface composed of alternating ridges and slots. According to second version, apparatus is additionally provided with air supply branch pipe, closure and vessel for film-forming composition. According to third version, pipe of apparatus is adapted for insertion into casing equipped with heater for air delivered for bubble formation. Composition for release of bubbles contains surfactants, high-molecular compounds, water and high-boiling point polar water-soluble solvents. Surfactants are selected from the group consisting of anionic and non-ionogenic surfactants, with content of anionic surfactants making 0.5 wt% concentration and content of non-ionogenic surfactants making 0.1-1 wt% concentration, and with ratio of non-ionogenic and anionic substances ranging between 1:3 and 1:30.

EFFECT: provision for changing of size and number of bubbles produced, and obtaining of large bubbles with strong, elastic and colorful film.

25 cl, 7 dwg, 9 ex

FIELD: aqueous composition for fabric softening.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): (i) at least one cationic compound - fabric softening agent, having two or more alkenyl chains wherein each chain contains 8 or more carbon atoms; and (ii) at least one sugar oil derivative. Cationic compound (i) and/or sugar oil derivative (ii) are individually mixed with other active component of fabric softening composition, excluded anionic surfactants, water, paints, conserving agents or other optional components with small concentration, to provide intermediate mixture, followed by mixing of cationic compound (i) and sugar oil derivative (ii). Aqueous fabric softening composition produced by claimed method and method for fabric treatment using the same, also are disclosed.

EFFECT: homogeneous composition with improved cleavage resistance.

12 cl, 9 tbl, 16 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains quaternary diester-substituted textile softener combined with glycerol monostearate and ethoxylated fatty alcohol nonionic surfactant as emulsifier characterized by hydrophilic-lipophilic balance above 8.5. Composition can be used both in automated rinsing operations and in manual washing.

EFFECT: widened textile softening possibilities.

5 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex

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