"gnom" technique for detecting the level of psychic development in small children

FIELD: medicine, pediatrics.

SUBSTANCE: the present method deals with predicting deviations in psychic disorders in small children to detect initial manifestations of psychic disorders in children aged 1 mo - 3 yr. A child undergoes diagnostic tests to study 5 spheres of psychic activity: sensorics including the studying of vision, hearing, reflector tactile sensitivity and individual tactile sensitivity; emotions; the sphere of gnosis including the studying of attention, expressive and impressive speech, peculiarities of one's thinking; in behavioral sphere one should evaluate biological behavior that includes alimentary behavior and one's skills to be neat, and, also, social behavior that includes the development of "mother-child" system and communication with alien people, moreover, for every age period there are 20 test questions and each task is evaluated by 5 points, then one should determine the coefficient of psychic development (CPD) by the following formula: CPD = Σ (+ n), where Σ (+ n) - the sum of points for all fulfilled age tasks and at CPD being equal to 90 - 110 points one should detect normal psychic development, at CPD being equal to 80 - 89 and 111 points and higher the risk for the development of nervous-psychic pathology is detected and at CPD being equal to 79 points and less one should state nervous-psychic development as affected.

EFFECT: higher quality of diagnostics.

4 ex

 

The invention relates to medicine and can be used to determine the mental development of children of early age.

There is a method of diagnosing the level of mental development of children of early age (Pechora K.L. Methodical recommendations: Psychological and pedagogical examination of children at the age from 1 year to 3 months to 6 years), 1995.). In this way the Express-method of testing the speech, game, memory, motor development, using its own methods, and well-known psychological tests - Veksler, Luscher and other developmental assessments carried out on 5-10-point system, and some measures are calculated in percent.

The method has limited ability to assess the mental development of children of early age, as excluded from the diagnosis of important age period in early ontogenesis - infancy; testing aims to evaluate specific cognitive functions and General motor skills, and does not evaluate the mental development of children in General, the method involves the use of various methods of quantitative estimates (points, percentage); in addition, selection of tests for examination eclectic in content.

Closest to the proposed method adopted for the prototype, is a method of diagnosis of the mental development of children of early age, proposed, A. Pana is Ucom and L.A. Bougarabou (A. Panasyuk, L.A. Budarova. Methodical recommendations: "the Determination of the level of mental development in young children", M, 1984). The way is to study the level of mental (intellectual) development of children aged 2 months - 3 years on the test, which included a number of indicators of child development (adaptation, speech, social behavior, gross and fine motor skills). The results of the survey determine the ratio of mental development (CRC), expressed in standardized units on the original system. The authors offer a special table, which is designed "price" assignments each age period and criteria of normal and deviant development.

The normative range of the CRC for healthy children was the interval 91-100%, the range of mental retardation - 67-82%. The range of values 83-90% is the border between healthy and mentally retarded children.

This diagnostic method has limited application because: 1) testing under this method allows only an estimate of the development of cognitive functions and motor skills at the expense of other mental functions; 2) calculations of estimates of the CRC, a child is complicated, include arithmetic calculations in several formulas or tables, which makes this method difficult to practice the definition used in mass screening of the child population.

The technical task of the present invention is to improve the quality of diagnosis of mental disorders in young children and the identification of the initial manifestations of mental disorders in age from 1 month to 3 years.

The technical result is achieved due to a more complete assessment of the mental development of children, which additionally explore sensory, emotional-volitional sphere. In the engine area additionally investigate fine motor skills, especially the facial expressions. In the cognitive sphere additional research attention, thinking, impressive and expressive speech. In the field of behavior are examined dietary habits and peculiarities of formation of skills neatness and assess the functioning of the system "mother - child" and the external contacts of the child with outsiders adults and children. Selected diagnostic criteria presented in the form of tables containing 20 assignments, or tests made at each age period. To solve the tasks carried out testing of the child.

The method is as follows. The child is examined in the presence of the mother or another close to the child entity, which must be in the field of view of the child, but not next to him. The survey is conducted in a comfortable environment: quiet, bright, warm room, preferably after 1-1,5 hours pet is eating. The conversation lead a quiet voice, with a friendly expression. During the examination, the child should be physically healthy.

For testing in advance prepare a specific set of toys and a stopwatch. All test materials must be hygienic, easy to handle disinfectants.

Examination of the infant carried out on the changing table, child after a year in the ring, on the Mat, baby 2-2,5 years offer to sit at the kids table, where decomposed toys.

First, the researcher must establish with the child eye contact, and then emotional. Against this background, start the game-examination, offering the child a different test items - toys according to age. Child pose diagnostic tests exploring the 5 spheres of mental activity: the sensory systems, including the study of vision, hearing, tactile reflex sensitivity; General and fine motor skills, facial expressions; the cognitive sphere, including the study of attention, expressive and impressive speech, especially of thinking; in the sphere of conduct assess the biological behavior, including feeding behavior and skills, grooming, and social behavior, including the formation of the "mother - child" and communicating with strangers, at each age period have 20 test questions and appreciate everyone completed the task in 5 points. Then, by summing all the positive points for the answers, determine the factor of mental development (CRC) by the formula CRC=Σ(+n), where Σ(+n) - total points for all completed the age of the job.

Largest CRC define mental development of the child, CRC, equal 90-110 points, define normal mental development, 80-89 and 111 points and above - the possibility of occurrence of neuropsychiatric pathology and CRC 79 points and below - impaired mental development in the first year of a child's life are tested monthly (12 tests), second year - every 3 months (4 period 4 tests), 3 year, 6 months (2 of period - two tests). The sum of estimates for tasks completed is the coefficient of the mental development of the child at the time of the study.

Of touch to explore the vision, hearing, tactile sensitivity of the child, stimulating the response of the child to visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli. As the test material are bright and sounding toys that the child must pay attention, to trace their movement in space, to extend to them the hand, etc. Gentle touch to the head, the total stroke of the child (tactile stimulation) must be accompanied, for example, in infancy reaction concentration and localization places the touch response of the child (responsiveness, the duration of focusing on the stimuli) consider not only how far-reflex acts, but also as predictors of personal reaction of a child who register in the appropriate boxes of the tests.

As indicators of overall motor development selected two types of motor functions: the formation of the ability to hold positions (postures), movement in space and coordination of movements, i.e. statics and kinetics. Analyze also with fine motor skills, especially the facial expressions that accompany all gaming activities with your child. In addition, tests in the first year of life take into account the severity and timing of the reduction of physiological unconditioned reflexes, evidence of maturity and the rate of mental development in infancy.

In the emotional-volitional sphere investigate the formation and gradual complication and differentiation of emotional responses (smile, laughter, surprise, resentment, anger, and so on), time of occurrence and the nature of emotional resonance (the ability to perceive the emotional state of the mother, loved ones and the adequacy of the response, the emotional reactions of the child). Volitional functions assessed by the severity of spontaneous and responsive mental activity while performing the tasks.

To the parameters of the cognitive sphere include attention to the tion, impressive and expressive speech, acting and thinking. In this case the formation of thinking, memory assessed with the help of the experimenter in the game of wits. For example, does the child recognise familiar surroundings, distinguishes whether friends and foes. Attention assessed by the ability to commit to auditory and visual stimuli - focus, fast focus, duration of retention of attention to some stimuli. It judged by the presence of age-related sound pronunciation - initial, the melodious cooing, babbling, individual words, phrases, found in the child spontaneously, or appearing to him after stimulation.

The formation of behavioral functions evaluate the features of eating behaviors, skills, grooming, and social behavior, with emphasis on the nature of the contacts in the system "mother - child" and communicating with others.

Each of the tasks in the tests measure in 5 points. After the survey is conducted by calculating the ratio of mental development (CRC) by summing the results of all positive ratings:

CRC=Σ(+n), where- the sum of the scores in points,

(n) - scores for all completed age job

(n) is the score for the failed jobs,

100 - conditional sum of scores for all 20 jobs at a certain age.

The child carried out the Evesham all submitted jobs receives an initial score of 100 points. You can calculate the CRC with regard to the individual child's abilities, making him the tests were older. Or to clarify the level of individual development with the failure of individual jobs by age (IEP below 100), making the child more than the younger age period. A study of children in tests of older or younger periods lasts as long as the child performs the basic tasks required of the test (over 50%), and stops when the run is limited to 20-30%. Price outstanding job in these cases is reduced 10 times. Then CRC=Σ(+n)+/-[Σ(n):10], where [Σ(n):10] - sum of scores for performance of additional tasks.

For example, a child 10 months received a score of CRC in its age test 100 points, in tests 11, 12 months completed respectively 14, 10 jobs. Based 100+(70+50):10=112, the final CRC - 112 points. Or another example. Child 1 year of life (12 months) completed age test by 50%, therefore, the preliminary CRC is equal to 50 points. From test 11 months the child has not completed 8 tasks (40 points). In test 10 months has not complied with 6 assignments (30 points), 9 months - 5 jobs (25 points). Job 8 months, the child has fully complied with. Calculation: 50-(40+30+25):10=50-9,5=40,5. The first child belongs to the group with operazioni the m development the second - to-severe mental retardation.

The research under this program, the children can be divided into 3 groups of mental health:

1 - the group of healthy children is an indicator of the CRC within 90-110 points.

2 - the risk for neuropsychiatric pathology is an indicator of the CRC below normal, in the range 80-89 points. This includes cases with advancing development, when the CRC reaches 111 points and above.

group 3 - pathology. It consists of children with impaired neuro-psychical development of the CRC which corresponds to 79 points and below.

The last two groups of children need to be examined by experts, neuropsychiatrist and a psychiatrist for diagnosis and medical treatment-correction arrangements.

For nosological qualifications of each case in the map determine the level of mental development of the child entered a brief historical data, including information about hereditary family history in the family, mental and physical illness, and mental and somatic state of the mother, father, siblings, pregnancy in the proband, the current period, etc.

Way of the following examples.

Example 1. Andrew O. 8 months.

The child from a young healthy mothers, 1 normal pregnancy, timely delivery. Weight prirozhdennye 3.2 kg length 52 see Early psychomotor development is normal. The survey is conducted in a manger.

Mental state at the age of 8 months, the child is willing to inspection. Configured kindly, smiling in response to a smile, laughs loudly in response to flirting. Takes toys from the hands of obsledovanie. To a large toy stretches both hands, a small rattle takes one hand. Hearing melody, listening, smiling, singing voice, uttering a separate syllables BA-BA, TA-TA, begins to bounce sitting on a place in the rhythm of the melody. Calms down when stroking the head, when it freezes. When the child starts lightly tickling, turns to the place of touch and draws back leg to the side. Left to himself, treats on the table, toys, fingering them, examines, analyzes, and begins to assemble a pyramid of large rings, after some time extends to the next, rattles musical cube. Gladly joins in cooperative play with obsledovanie. Seeing the toy high on the shelf, calling obsledovanie shows gesture on the toy to get it off the shelf, and shouting demands it. Responds to the mood of the adult, as well as a mask in the form of a human face: happy smile perks up, looking at the gloomy face. Performs actions with toys after the show: puts the cube of n is cube, then pushes the dice - pyramid falls, in response, the boy laughs. Consider a closed box, trying to open it. The sample leaves little doll and closes. In response to the request: "Give", he hands the box to the adult. Hidden under the diaper doll at the request of the finds, with happy, laughs loudly. In response to the request of obsledovanie: "Go pens", extends arms forward, reaches out to adult. With easy support rises to his feet, make yourself a few steps, then squats and sits on the floor. Soon the child take on feeding, which stops an ongoing study. Dissatisfied with the current situation, whimpering, pressed to adult. Seeing the preparation of food, calm down. At the table eating with the help of a tutor. The Cup holds his hand, drinking from a Cup, bites biscuits, chews. According to his mother and teacher, expresses protests, if a long remains in a wet diaper.

Thus, the child copes with all tasks of their age. First of all assignments on the sensors: relates the sizes of toys, choosing, respectively, as it is easier to get a big toy, two hands or one. Distinguishes joyful song melodies. Localizes on the body light touch, tickle.

Motor development is matching the age: you may get up with a little support and move a few steps. The child begins to perform movements for fine motor skills; may take two or three fingers of small toys.

Emotions in the child's expressive mimicry alive, is formed adequate emotional resonance, easily reacts to the mood of an adult.

The child is able to hold the attention for 20-30 minutes on the game, without fussiness considers toys, repeats favourite game actions. It is prattling, active, spontaneous pronounce some syllables. Passive speech by volume of more spontaneously and in the game understands requests, questions, and encouragement. Memory is also developed, the child is able to retain in memory the job, for example, to find the hidden toy, and having found it, rejoices in his good fortune.

Develop predictors skills neatness and correct nutritional behavior. The baby starts chewing, drinking from a dish support. Tells the adults that diapers were wet. Ability to analyze complex responses to tactile sensations, including microclimatic, indicates the formation of a physical identity. The child is attached to his mother, but for some time able to break away from the mother and to communicate with strangers adult, communicating by gesture and prattling sounds.

Thus, the child performs all the tasks of his age period at 100%. In accordance with the instrument is on, evaluate the child to perform the tasks of the next age period. Find out from job for 9 months boy performs only 5, and the following test only 3. Research to advance the development is limited to 9 months. So, the child relates not only the size of the objects, and the distance to it. Starting to imitate adult, puts small objects in a box. Considering small toys and manipulates them. The ability to find a hidden object shows the development of the function of thinking. In addition, the child uses a pointing gesture with the aim to attract attention of an adult.

We'll calculate the actual age of the child. With the tasks of their age (8 months). the child met, that is, he receives a preliminary score of 100. In addition, he performs 5 jobs from the age of 9 months ' period. Since each issue of the next age period is estimated at 0.5 points, he gets another 5×0,5=2,5 points. In fact, the CRC of the child is: CRC=Σ(+n)+/-[Σ(n):10]=100+[25:10]=100+2,5=102,5 points. So, at this stage in his development the child ahead of peers that, in accordance with the data regarded as a variant of the norm.

Example 2. Denis E. 1 year 11 months.

Baby from a healthy mother, from 8 advanced pregnancy, which satisfied loritello, 2 term birth, was born with a tight entanglement of the umbilical cord; hemorrhage was observed in the sclera. Birth weight 4050, length 54 see After birth was in the hospital for a week, then was discharged home. Early psychomotor development is normal (that comes with 10 months, says a separate word of the year). In the first year of life was seen by the neurologist diagnosed with perinatal encephalopathy, increased nervno-reflex excitability.

Inspection on the way the DWARF at the age of 1 year and 11 months. As the child's age falls between the selected test age periods, he first offered the job the previous age group in 1 g of 9 months, then, if the child performs all of the previous job, go to the job 2 years. The survey shows that sensory, motor, emotional-volitional sphere of the child are developed well. Job 2 years the child is gaining in these spheres 20 points. In cognitive and behavioral areas, there was a slight delay, and receives a score on the relevant issues in 15 points. The overall score mental development of a child is 90 points, which is defined as normal development.

Example 3. Olya K. 6 months.

The child from healthy mothers 19 years of age, 1 of pregnancy. Birth by 33 week in gluteal previa with the manual. Score Apgar 8/8 points. The weight of 1900, length 42 see In the hospital was at the of made the diagnosis of ischemic stroke (NMC) of the II degree. It was noted pathological ocular symptoms (Gref), hand tremor, muscle dystonia, the revival of unconditioned reflexes. In the future, the girl was seen by the neurologist diagnosed with perinatal encephalopathy (AEDs), increased nervno-reflex excitability (PNRF), landmark psychomotor development (psychomotor retardation), prematurity (I-II degree. Psychomotor development in the first months was assessed by clinical examination as normal.

The mental status of girls by way of the GNOME at the age of 6 months. Located on the upbringing of the child's home. The inspection is carried out on the changing table. Girl fun. Willingly comes into contact with your doctor. Looks into his eyes, smiling in response to her smile. For the proposed toy watches in all directions. Hidden behind a sheet of paper toy traces in anticipation of her appearance on the other side of the sheet. Listen to the music, turns his head to the sound source. Mimicry alive. Know a nurse that comes during the inspection to the child spontaneously smiling at her, laughing in a quiet voice. Alive responds to proposed facial masks: gasps, cheerful smiles, frowns at the sight of the gloomy mask. Toys picks up, puts in front of his face. Pulls and other toys hanging above the arena. Able to turn on his side and with the help of an adult flips on her stomach. Lying on his stomach, also manipuliruet toy but does not attempt to crawl towards another toy at a distance from it. In a wet diaper starts to cry, and after changing calms down. Sleep, appetite satisfactory. Missing handles the hands of doctors and sits down in a vertical position. Put on the legs, holds the pose is based on the full foot.

In the sensory field of the child made 3 task 4: examine the subject responds and differentiates the sound stimuli, makes the place touching the body. On touching mind the reaction of the child indifferent, so this task is worth -5 points; as a result, the overall score for the test of the sensors 15 points.

Test motor: turns on his stomach, puts toys from hand to hand, demonstrates a variety of facial movement. At the same time, to set aside the toy does not creeps up, so the score for the 3 assignments motility was also 15 points.

The emotions of the girl variety. Although there is a marked delay the extinction of revitalizing complex (normal reduced to 4-5 months), the child shows an active interest in the environment, especially after the encouraging response that responds to the changing facial expressions of the adult; the overall score of the test was 20 points.

In the cognitive sphere, the child develops sustained attention, Devo is ka understands gestures adult, finds a hidden object manipulates the toy. Syllables says, but a bit more after stimulation. Grade 3 assignments 15 points.

The behavior of the child is calm, adequate to the situation. The girl supports the bottle with food, looking for a pacifier, wants to communicate with an adult. However, there is one point: there is no communication with his mother, so score on the test of social behavior also is 15 points.

Thus, the child has not performed a number of tests: sensitivity, kinetics, cognitive function, social behavior in the system "mother - child" -Σ(-n)=20 points. CRC-Σ(+n) - accounted for 80 points. From a previous age (5 months) the child performs all tasks. From test 7 months girl clearly does 1 job sensors (hold attention on the toy for more than 10 seconds), 1 job - development of emotions (formation of emotional resonance), shows spontaneous activity in the game (1 job), demonstrated active interest in the environment (1 job), attracts the attention of an adult (1 job), are predictors of neatness (1 job). All of the tasks in the 7 months the child is 6, which is [Σ(n):10]=(6×5):10=3 points. Eventually, CRC=Σ(+n)+[Σ(n):10]=100-20+3=80+3=83 points. A child is classified in risk group due to a deviation in the development of sensory, motor and is edenesque functions.

Example 4. Grisha So 12 months.

Child 1 of pregnancy occurring without complications, urgent delivery. Weight 2900, length 50 cm, the Mother abandoned the child in the hospital. Diagnosis upon admission to the children's home: perinatal encephalopathy, morphofunctional immaturity, nervno-reflex excitability. Psihomotornoe development in the first 3 months of timely, in the future, with increasing delay of mental and physical development.

Examination of the boy at the age of 12 months on the way the DWARF. In sensory and motor areas of the child scored only 5 points, the emotional-volitional development is (-20) points, cognitive sphere - 15 points, behavior - 15 points. The total score is 35 points, that is, the test of his age, the child performed only on 35 points. The child does not perform hearing tests, vision, reflex sensitivity, statics, fine motor skills, facial expressions, emotional, emotional resonance, spontaneous activity induced activity, expressive speech, thinking, predictors skills grooming, social behavior in the system "mother - child".

To calculate the CRC will return to the tasks of the previous months. The completed job is only 5 months. Carry out the calculations, provided that only figures with whom the child has failed, the sum of the points on which subtracts the I of the preliminary assessment, received by the child. Task 11 months the child has not completed the 12 tasks of 20, 10 months - 10 9M - 8, 8 months - 7, 7 months - 6 months, 6 months - 4. Given that the job of the previous months are estimated at 10 times less than that age, CRC child is: CRC=Σ(+n)+/-[Σ(n):10]=35-(12+10+8+7+6+4):10=35-4,7=30,3.

Conclusion: psychological development of grossly violated. Such a child needs urgent address to the psychiatrist or neuropsychiatrist and treatment.

The quantitative evaluation criteria neurological development of children were tested on the material inspection 950 children and confirmed by clinical examinations in accordance with the Glossary of psychiatric symptoms and syndromes, established by GOST on August 2, 1976.

The use of the proposed diagnostic method has the following advantages compared with the prototype.

1. In the way of "DWARF" definitions of mental development included a wide range of issues related to mental development of the child and the predictors of individual mental reactions in the age range from 1 month to 3 years old. This allows the assessment of the mental development of the child, starting from the first months of life, to calculate the actual age of the child, appropriate to the level of individual development, and to identify lagging in the development of the function.

2. The "DWARF" can identify children with mental development of children with mental disorders or their predictors already in the first year of life and early appropriate treatment.

3. Way "DWARF" is simple to use: summing the scores for all completed tasks, you can immediately determine the coefficient of the mental development of the child. The recommended method for screening the population of children and clinical examination. It can also be used by children's specialists (neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, teachers) in scientific research.

The method of determining the mental development of children of early age, namely, that the child have diagnostic tests exploring the 5 spheres of mental activity: the sensory systems, including the study of vision, hearing, tactile reflex sensitivity and individual sensitivity; emotions; cognitive sphere, including the study of attention, expressive and impressive speech, especially of thinking; in the sphere of conduct assess the biological behavior, including feeding behavior and skills, grooming, and social behavior, including the formation of the “mother-child” and communicating with strangers, with each age period before the reveal test 20 questions and evaluate each job in 5 points then determine the ratio of mental development (CRC) by the formula CRC=Σ(+n), where Σ(+n) - total points for all completed the age of the job, and when the PKK equal 90-110 points, define normal mental development, when the PKK equal 80-89 and 111 points and above, is defined as the risk of neuropsychiatric pathology and the PKK, equal to 79 points and below identify behavioral development violated.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine, neurology.

SUBSTANCE: by the table of quantitative evaluation of affected praxysis and gnosis as the value of cerebral corical disorders and degree of dementia manifestation level one should calculate in points these disorders. Moreover, if total value is above 24 points one should diagnose no disorders, if 20-23 points - light disorders, if 10-19 points - moderate disorders, and if below 9 points - pronounced functional disorders are stated upon.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining prognostic parameter values like those of lung ventilation function after spoken rational and irrational test texts. Three values are calculated from the obtained data using linear classification functions. They are compared and functional cerebral asymmetry pattern is to be predicted from their values.

EFFECT: high accuracy and reliability of prognosis.

FIELD: medicine.

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.

EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.

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EFFECT: high accuracy and reliability of prognosis.

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EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, pediatrics.

SUBSTANCE: the present method deals with predicting deviations in psychic disorders in small children to detect initial manifestations of psychic disorders in children aged 1 mo - 3 yr. A child undergoes diagnostic tests to study 5 spheres of psychic activity: sensorics including the studying of vision, hearing, reflector tactile sensitivity and individual tactile sensitivity; emotions; the sphere of gnosis including the studying of attention, expressive and impressive speech, peculiarities of one's thinking; in behavioral sphere one should evaluate biological behavior that includes alimentary behavior and one's skills to be neat, and, also, social behavior that includes the development of "mother-child" system and communication with alien people, moreover, for every age period there are 20 test questions and each task is evaluated by 5 points, then one should determine the coefficient of psychic development (CPD) by the following formula: CPD = Σ (+ n), where Σ (+ n) - the sum of points for all fulfilled age tasks and at CPD being equal to 90 - 110 points one should detect normal psychic development, at CPD being equal to 80 - 89 and 111 points and higher the risk for the development of nervous-psychic pathology is detected and at CPD being equal to 79 points and less one should state nervous-psychic development as affected.

EFFECT: higher quality of diagnostics.

4 ex

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EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.

5 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex, 17 tbl

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EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring patient weight, recording age and sex of the patient. The patient is positioned in front of computer display unit. The data are inputted into the computer comprising software containing a program for estimating organism organs and systems condition. The following organs are detected. Lung, spleen, heart, kidneys, liver are proved for having deviations from norm with negative sign towards hypofunction or with positive sign towards hyperfunction. The data are displayed with the program on the screen as a table with reference and current values being shown in relative units with plus or minus sign. Canal states are estimated from detected organs being under maximum stress on the basis of infogram: lung canal P, spleen - canal RP, heart - canal C, kidneys - canal R, liver - canal F. When estimating organ state with deviation having plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having energy excess. When organ state deviation has plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having lack of energy. Eye diseases are diagnosed from state of organs and canals of P, RP, C, R and F. Hyperfunction in organ and excess in canal being available, initial ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed. Hypofunction in organ and deficit in canal being available, chronic ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed.

EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.

3 cl, 7 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out situation, planning, self-control and correction analysis. Volitional effort is included into functional self-organization process structure components. Functional self-organization process structure components characterize the following individual human specific characteristics: 1) goal-setting as taking and retaining aims; 2) situation analysis as revealing and analyzing circumstances essential from the point of view of achieving the set goal; 3) planning as scheduling private activity; 4) volitional effort as changing private activity sense; 5) self-control as controlling and estimating private actions; 6) correction as adjusting private goals, situation analysis, plan of actions, private activity sense, estimation criteria and self-control forms. Human self-organization process structure diagnosis is set after relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional effort and overfatigue. The relaxation training is exercised in coachman position with calming musical accompaniment and comprises the following stages: 1) respiratory exercises (inspiration duration is equal to expiration one, breath is hold between the inspiration and expiration for a time twice as short as inspiration time) 4 min long; 2) relaxation exercises (invoking heaviness and warmth sensation) of head, arms, legs and body -8 min long; 3) rest in maximum relaxation state - 4 min long.

EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves showing sequence of two luminous pulses of 10 ms duration separated by 150 ms long pause. The pulses are repeated in constant 1.5 s long interval. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is reduced at the first measurement stage at constant speed of 20ms/s until a testee fixes fusion of two luminous pulses into single one in subjective assessment mode. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is increased at the second measurement stage with given constant step of 0.4 ms until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses separation. Pause duration is reduced in discrete mode with given constant 0.1 ms long step at the third measurement stage until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses fusion into single one. Human vision system persistence time is determined to be equal to pause duration between two luminous pulses when subjective fusion into single pulse takes place at the third measurement stage.

EFFECT: high accuracy in determining human vision system persistence time.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves asking patient to tell or write down 5-7 novels. Rhetorical structure representations of the novels are built. Rhetorical structure mean depth being greater than 8, branching index being greater than 88 and occurrence of relations like sequence and consequence being less than 8, cognitive source relation being greater than 5, opposition relation being greater than 2 per 100 discourse units, neurotic disorder is to be diagnosed.

EFFECT: high accuracy of the method.

2 dwg, 1 tbl

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