Sprinkler unit

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, to the means of irrigating crops mainly sprinkler.

Known sprinkling unit containing a frame made of pipes with a handle mounted on it, the drum, the tubular axis of which is connected through a flexible hose drum to the riser of the sprinkler apparatus in which, to simplify design and improve maintainability, the handle connected to the frame hinge, made hollow and is hydraulically connected with the tubular axis of the drum, while the junction of the sprinkling apparatus is mounted on the free end of the arm, it is equipped with supporting wheels and the handle is equipped with a backup vertical position when watering with clip horizontal position during transportation (SU inventor's certificate No. 1500208 A1, IPC7A 01 G 25/09. Sprinkler / Loopylou, Avements, Var (USSR). - Application No. 4347286/30-15* Declared 21.12.1987, Publ. 15.08.1989, bull. No. 30 // Open. Of the invention. - 1989. No. 30).

The disadvantages of this sprinkler installation include the complexity of the design, a large consumption of materials and low quality of rain.

The invention consists in the following.

The task, which directed the claimed invention is to simplify the design of the sprinkler installation.

The technical result - the reduction is americaeast and improving the quality of the rain.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known sprinkler Assembly comprising a frame in the form of the spatial shape of the pipes on the vehicle pumping station and intake sleeve and mounted on it by means of flexible cables feeding the pipeline with a sprinkler apparatus according to the invention a flexible water conveyance pipeline is made sectional, each section has a segment of flexible tubing and flanges, mutually associated bearing element, and each section is connected by means of the transition element in the form of a hollow spherical layer with the disc in the Meridian plane, placed in cavities on the inlet and outlet adjacent segments of flexible pipe, and fastening means in the form of studs installed in aligned holes of the flanges and the disc, the bearing element is designed as a C-shaped curved profile or rental; the disk of the transition element is connected through the cables to the frame.

Due to the fact that as water conveyance pipeline used segments of the pipe length 4 meters of low pressure polyethylene, laid on a collapsible support element is achieved by the above technical result.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

1 schematically depicts a sprinkling unit mounted on a vehicle rear view.

Nafig. - same view in the plan.

Figure 3 - cross section a-a in figure 2, the mutual connection of adjacent sections of a flexible water supply pipe through a transition element, load-bearing elements and fastening means.

Figure 4. - a section b-B in figure 3, a transverse vertical section of the disk, the transition element and the fastening means in connection of adjacent sections.

Figure 5 - cross section b-b In figure 3, a transverse vertical section of a bearing element and a segment of the water conveyance pipeline.

Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed invention are as follows.

Sprinkling unit (see figure 1 and 2) includes a frame 1 in the form of the spatial shape of the pipes on the vehicle 2 with the pump unit 3 and the floating intake valve 4. On the frame 1 is mounted by pairs of cables 5, 6, 7 and 8, a flexible water supply pipe 9 in the form of left and right wings. On the pipeline 9 variable pitch posted by sprinkling apparatus (not shown). Flexible water supply pipe 9 is hydraulically connected with the pump unit 3 and the floating intake valve 4. Intake valve 4 on the vehicle 2 is installed with the possibility of transfer in transport and working position of the open time channel 10.

Flexible water supply pipe 9 is made sectional (see Fig.1-5). Each section 1 is the segment 12 of the flexible pipe 9 and the flanges 13 and 14 are mutually connected bearing element 15. Bearing member 15 is in the form of a C-shaped curved profile or rental. Between the sections 11 are connected through a transition element 16 in the form of a hollow sharego layer disk 17 in the Meridian plane. The transition element 16 is placed in the cavities of adjacent segments of flexible pipe 9. The flanges 13 and 14 of adjacent sections 11 are mutually connected fastening means 18 in the form of studs. Hairpin of fastening means 18 is installed in aligned holes of the flange 13, the disk 17 and the flange 14. The holes 19 of the disk 17 in 10...12 times the diameter of the stud means 18 is mounted. This allows the adapter element 16 to occupy a desired position when the flexible suspension of water supply pipe 9 through the pairs of cables 5-8 to the frame 1 of the sprinkler installation. The disk 17 of the transition element 16 is connected with cables 5-8 through the threaded shanks 20 and sliding nuts 21. This embodiment eliminates critical loads suspended in water conveyance pipeline 9.

Sprinkling unit operates as follows.

Sprinkling unit works as a method of diversion of water from open temporary channel 10 during continuous movement of the vehicle 2. When running a pump installation 3 floating intake valve 4 of irrigation water from the channel 10 is sucked and work under pressure is directed in the left and right wings flexible water conveyance Tr is aprovada 9, moving mass of water in the cavity of the pipe 9, the parts of the sprinkler apparatus is distributed evenly across the width of the sprinkler installation. The quality of rain brought to the level of modern requirements by selecting the spacing between the holes in the nozzles and tilt them to the horizon.

Quality rain sprinklers achieved high technical reliability flexible water supply pipe 9 and each of its section 11.

The connection of adjacent sections 1 through transition element 16 in the form of a hollow spherical layer provides permanent living section of the pipe 9 and its desired position above the horizontal irrigated field surface. Transitional elements 16 eliminate leakage of water at the mating segments 12 Flex 9. They also provide a link of bearing elements 15 through a pair of cables 5, 6, 7 and 8 to the frame 1 of the sprinkler installation. The design of the suspension flexible water supply pipe 9 to the frame 1 does not require rigid structures of the left and right wings shape and thus reduced material consumption and simplifying the design of the sprinkler installation.

1. Sprinkler Assembly comprising a frame in the form of spatial farm from pipes on the vehicle pumping station and intake sleeve and mounted it through the cables Flex the th water conveyance pipeline sprinkler devices, characterized in that the flexible water conveyance pipeline is made sectional, each section has a segment of flexible tubing and flanges, mutually associated bearing element, and each section is connected by means of the transition element in the form of a hollow spherical layer with the disc in the Meridian plane, placed in cavities on the inlet and outlet adjacent segments of flexible pipe, and fastening means in the form of studs, installed in aligned holes of the flanges and the disc.

2. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the bearing element is designed as a C-shaped curved profile or rental.

3. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive of the transition element is connected through the cables to the frame.



 

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Sprinkler unit // 2246209

FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.

SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

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EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

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10 cl, 11 dwg

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4 cl, 4 dwg

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3 dwg

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SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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