Wet gas-holder of variable volume

FIELD: pressure vessels.

SUBSTANCE: wet has-holder has ring coaxial double-walled tank for liquid. Dome-like covering with the gas supplying pipe is provided above the inner wall of the tank. The space between the walls receives bell with centering rollers which can move up and down over the vertical line. The bottom part of the bell side is provided with openings which connect the under-bell space with the atmosphere when the bell is at the maximum level.

EFFECT: simplified design and reduced consumption of materials for manufacturing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of storage of combustible gas produced in the digesters anaerobic digestion of various fermentation of organic waste in small biogas and biohumus installations individual or group of rural households and suburban areas.

Known wet gas tank of variable capacity, comprising a reservoir for liquid placed inside a gas-feeding pipe and the Central fence rack, which moves up and down the hollow bell, equipped with coaxial open on two sides by a tube placed inside the guide blocks, interacting with centrally installed in the tank, guide rack, while the lower edge of the coaxial pipe is installed above the lower edge of the bell, which provides the use of a submersible in the liquid tank coaxial pipe as a valve to release gas from under the bell in the atmosphere when exceeding the maximum allowable pressure up bell /Cm. the application of the UK /GB/ No. 2104646 in class. F 17 1/10, published March 9, 1983, No. 4906/.

The disadvantage of the above known wet gasholder No. 2104646 is the use of large amounts of fluid for filling the tank, perform the function of the trap, while under the skin the Institute of water needed heat in the winter and the heat of the tank.

Known and other wet gas tank of variable capacity, comprising an annular double wall coaxial with the annular bottom of the tank annular space for a small amount of non-freezing liquid, which is introduced hoisting-and-drop the pressure of the gas bell with the centering position by the rollers in the upper part, interacting with the channel profile racks fixed on the top and on the wrapping zone of the channels on the outer wall of double-wall tanks, while the inner wall of the double wall tank has a dome roof, through which the space under the bell introduced a gas-feeding pipe /Cm. the application of Germany No. 2916699 in class. F 17 In 1/20, published 06.11.1980. No. 45/.

The disadvantage of this known wet gasholder Germany No. 2916699 is a significant consumption of materials manufacture with the use of channel external guiding pillars and strapping belts with their use is only to hold the bells vertically, then how to prevent overpressure of the gas in the bell and leakage of fluid from the reservoir at its maximum lift, or additionally produce special safety device.

However, in its technical essence and the achieved result wet gasholder at the request of Germany No. 2916699 closest to the image is ateneu.

The aim of the present invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages of the known wet gasholder at the request of Germany No. 2916699 and the creation of such a wet gas tank of variable capacity, in which at least needs in the freezing winter fluid trap would be simplified design with a considerable reduction of material consumption for the manufacture of the gas tank with a guarantee to prevent overpressure of the gas in the bell above the set with the maximum permissible lifting bells and exclude leakage of fluid from the reservoir.

This goal is achieved by the invention by the fact that in the lower part of the side wall of the bell holes, indicating Podkolokolny space with the atmosphere when the maximum allowed ascent of the bell and spigot in the tank bell rollers are installed from the bottom at its base and top, the outer wall of the tank installed interacting with bell guide rollers that hold the bell in its raising and lowering vertically, while the base of the bell attached to the cargo, the weight of which causes the magnitude of the gas pressure and the rise of the bells.

The drawings schematically shows the device proposed by the invention wet gasholder variable capacitor, in which figure 1 shows what the overall view of the tank in section with the fluid-filled reservoir, figure 2 is a view along a-a in figure 1, Figure 3 shows an example use of the present invention the wet tank of variable capacity in equipment small bioguanacaste installation in combination with a digester and a gas stove.

Shown in figures 1 and 2 in the context of the tank consists of a coaxial double-walled tank 1 with the annular plate 2, the inner wall 3, on which the top is made conical dome with 4 passes through the gas pipe 5. On the outer wall 6 of the tank 1 has guide rollers 7, and a fluid-filled annular space of the tank 1 is placed vertically moved up and down the bell 8, the bottom of which is equipped with the centering bell 8 in the tank 1, the rollers 9 and cargo 10. At the bottom of the bell 8 holes 11 reporting Podkolokolny space with the atmosphere when the maximum lift of a bell, and the outer wall of the tank 1 is installed sight glass tube 12 of the control liquid level in the tank 1. Top bell 8 installed valve 13 emptying bell 8 from biogas, and the bottom of the tank 1 has a valve 14 of the tank 1 from the liquid.

Setting the values of the working pressure of biogas under the bell 8 of the holder, in certain conditions and its capacity, carried out at his room the Institute according to SNiP from 1.5 to 2.5 kPa /150-250 mm of water. Art./ s the mass of the bell 8 and attached thereto cargo 10. Operation of the gas tank should be carried out in accordance with the "safety Rules in the gas sector of the state.

The use of the proposed invention the wet tank of variable capacity in the work is carried out as follows.

Shown in figure 1, the tank Assembly is recommended to be installed in fireproof place under blown protect the gas tank from rain canopy with enclosure around the tank at a distance of not less than one meter from the closed door.

Properly installed the gas tank prior to its accession to the gas from the digester to the gas stove, as shown in Fig, or to other users of biogas is filled with water during operation only during the warmer periods of the year/ or a non-freezing liquid such as "Antifreeze" /in the year-round or only winter operation/filling the tank 1 at an open valve 13 and the closed valve 14 to its full filling 10-20 cm, which will ensure the establishment of biogas pressure in the bell 8 from 100 to 250 mm waters. post without filling, controlling the liquid level in the tank 1 through the viewing tube 12. After the Gulf of liquid in the tank 1, the valve 13 is closed and the gas tank its gas supply pipe 5 is connected with the gas from the digester to the gas is th plate according to the exemplary embodiment minor bioguanacaste installation shown in Figure 3.

By the invention the wet tank of variable capacity, designed for use in equipment of small biogas and biogumusnyh facilities for rural residents and cottagers performance from 1-2 to 10-15 cubic meters of biogas per day, it is recommended to make with the scope of its bells 8 1, 3, 5, 8, 12 and 15 cubic meters of capacity.

1. The wet tank of variable capacity, comprising an annular coaxial double wall tank for the liquid over the inner wall of which is made domed cover with the included gas-feeding pipe, and the space between the walls of the tank in a liquid placed vertically up and down moved under the pressure of the stored gas bell centering its rollers, characterized in that the lower part of the side wall of the bell holes, indicating Podkolokolny space with the atmosphere when the maximum allowed ascent of the bell.

2. Wet gasholder variable capacitor according to claim 1, characterized in that the centering in the tank bell rollers are installed from the bottom at its base and top, the outer wall of the tank, installed interacting with bell guide rollers that hold the bell in its raising and lowering vertically.

3. Wet gasholder variable succinctly the tee according to claim 1, characterized in that the base of the bell attached to the cargo, the weight of which causes the magnitude of the gas pressure and the rise of the bells.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: vessel has plastic shell, flanges mounted in the pole openings in the shell, and lid set in one of the pole flanges. The lid is concave inward and bears on the inner side of the pole flange. The butt between the pole flange and lid is made to provide the radius of the circumference formed by intersection of the middle surface of the lid and surface of the bearing part of the flange to be larger than that of the pole opening in the plastic shell. The thickness of the pole flange should be at least 1.5-2 mm, which is sufficient for the formation of the plastic shell. The loading acts on the developed bearing surface of the lid which is mating to the inner surface of the pole flange.

EFFECT: decreased weight of vessel.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention is concerned with portable power supply system, fuel block incorporated in proposed power supply system, and device actuated by power generator and power supply system. Proposed power supply system functions to supply with power peripheral device and has fuel charging unit and power generation unit that can be connected to mentioned fuel charging unit and disconnected therefrom and functions to generate electrical energy using mentioned fuel supplied from mentioned fuel charging unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and fuel shell main body that can be connected to power generation unit and disconnected therefrom; power generation unit produces electrical energy using mentioned fuel and has open assembly unprotected against mentioned power generation unit when it is connected to the latter, and feed channel used for feeding fuel to mentioned power generation unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and shell that incorporates feed channel used for outlet of mentioned fuel and is made of biodegradable material.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of energy resource utilization.

49 cl, 135 dwg

Pressure vessel // 2244868

FIELD: storing or distributing gases or liquids.

SUBSTANCE: pressure vessel has cylindrical shell made of spiral and ring layers which are made of a fiber composite material and bottoms with flanges made of spiral layers and set in openings. The thickness of the cylindrical shell uniformly decreases along the length in the direction to the bottom with greater opening due to the decrease of the thickness of the ring layers.

EFFECT: reduced weight and cost of vessels.

3 dwg

Reinforced shell // 2240458
The invention relates to the production of reinforced membranes high pressure and can be used to create complex geometric shapes, precluding the formation and accumulation on the outer surface charges of static electricity

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used in the manufacture of buildings, containers, tanks, pressure cylinders made of composite materials

The invention relates to shells made of composite materials, in particular reinforced casings for high internal pressure is used as load-bearing structures or sites in the short-term or prolonged exposure to excessive internal pressure

The invention relates to shells made of composite materials, in particular reinforced casings for high internal pressure is used as load-bearing structures or sites in the short-term or prolonged exposure to excessive internal pressure

The invention relates to shells made of composite materials, in particular reinforced casings for high internal pressure is used as load-bearing structures or sites in the short-term or prolonged exposure to excessive internal pressure

Pressure vessel // 2244868

FIELD: storing or distributing gases or liquids.

SUBSTANCE: pressure vessel has cylindrical shell made of spiral and ring layers which are made of a fiber composite material and bottoms with flanges made of spiral layers and set in openings. The thickness of the cylindrical shell uniformly decreases along the length in the direction to the bottom with greater opening due to the decrease of the thickness of the ring layers.

EFFECT: reduced weight and cost of vessels.

3 dwg

FIELD: power supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention is concerned with portable power supply system, fuel block incorporated in proposed power supply system, and device actuated by power generator and power supply system. Proposed power supply system functions to supply with power peripheral device and has fuel charging unit and power generation unit that can be connected to mentioned fuel charging unit and disconnected therefrom and functions to generate electrical energy using mentioned fuel supplied from mentioned fuel charging unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and fuel shell main body that can be connected to power generation unit and disconnected therefrom; power generation unit produces electrical energy using mentioned fuel and has open assembly unprotected against mentioned power generation unit when it is connected to the latter, and feed channel used for feeding fuel to mentioned power generation unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and shell that incorporates feed channel used for outlet of mentioned fuel and is made of biodegradable material.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of energy resource utilization.

49 cl, 135 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: vessel has plastic shell, flanges mounted in the pole openings in the shell, and lid set in one of the pole flanges. The lid is concave inward and bears on the inner side of the pole flange. The butt between the pole flange and lid is made to provide the radius of the circumference formed by intersection of the middle surface of the lid and surface of the bearing part of the flange to be larger than that of the pole opening in the plastic shell. The thickness of the pole flange should be at least 1.5-2 mm, which is sufficient for the formation of the plastic shell. The loading acts on the developed bearing surface of the lid which is mating to the inner surface of the pole flange.

EFFECT: decreased weight of vessel.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: pressure vessels.

SUBSTANCE: wet has-holder has ring coaxial double-walled tank for liquid. Dome-like covering with the gas supplying pipe is provided above the inner wall of the tank. The space between the walls receives bell with centering rollers which can move up and down over the vertical line. The bottom part of the bell side is provided with openings which connect the under-bell space with the atmosphere when the bell is at the maximum level.

EFFECT: simplified design and reduced consumption of materials for manufacturing.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: pressure vessel comprises metallic flanges mounted in its pole ports. The bearing surface of the shank of the metallic flange is made of two sections. The first section is conical and located at the base of the metallic flange, and the second section is convex and is located at the top of the flange. The length of the generatrix of the cone is no less than the width of the reinforcing belt made of cords and threads plus the shift of the plastic due to its deformation.

EFFECT: reduced sizes and enhanced reliability.

2 dwg

Gastight vessel // 2298724

FIELD: manufacturing high-pressure plastic vessels.

SUBSTANCE: vessel comprises a lid provided with the valving device. The wall of the vessel is made of thermoplastic and a diffusion-barrier system composed of at least one coating applied throughout the surface with a thickness about 500 μm.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and reduced weight.

15 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering industry; other industries; devices for production of the high pressure vessels by the method of coiling of the reinforcing materials.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to production of the high pressure vessels by the method of coiling of the reinforcing material and may be used in mechanical engineering industry. The mandrel for manufacture of the high pressure vessels out of the composite materials contains the thin-wall sealing body with the holes. Inside the sealing body feed the binary mixture releasing in the process of the chemical reaction the gas creating the necessary internal pressure and ensuring the necessary rigidity of the sealing body in the process of the coiling and the composite material solidification. Usage of the invention will provide the reliable rigidity at the presence of the minimal polar holes in the sealing body and simplification of the process of manufacture of the high pressure vessels.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the reliable rigidity of the high pressure vessels at the presence of the minimal polar holes in the sealing body and simplification of the process of manufacture of the high pressure vessels.

1 dwg

FIELD: high-pressure vessels.

SUBSTANCE: high-pressure housing comprises shell and elongated bottoms that are made by applying belts along the line of constant deviation.

EFFECT: enhanced strength and reliability.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: in realisation of method of power jacket winding on high pressure cylinder from polymer composite materials on sealing liner, which consists of cylindrical part and spherical bottoms with pole flanges, with tape of fiber threads spiral layers are wound, touching with tape coils that are installed in bottoms of pole flanges necks. Threads of tape in the area of contact are arc-bent, tape is deformed to garrot of circular section, and with array of arc-bent threads pressing ring is formed for pole flange neck. Maximum length of threads for ring formation is determined by formula: where 1 - maximum length of threads for ring formation, H - tape width, mm; r - radius of pole flange neck, mm; c= 1.02-1.25 - experimental coefficient, which considers change of thread length from tape "packing", depends on tape tension, viscosity of binder, deviation from optimal location of threads in the ring.

EFFECT: increase of operation reliability.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: high-pressure vessel incorporates shell. The open faces of the said shell elements are in an overlapping or abutting contact between themselves, the about joint areas being additionally fitted with, at least, one coupling overlapping ring. The overlapping contact between the aforesaid elements or between the said elements and the overlapping ring is ensured by a sealing adhesion layer, the size of overlapping of all aforesaid elements is calculated by the formula as follows, i.e. L≥p×D/(4×σ), where p is the designed vessel destruction pressure, D is the maximum vessel diameter in the area of the adhesion joint, σ is the designed polymerised adhesive layer shear strength, the load-bearing enclosure featuring a double overlapping of the aforesaid joints coming over to the vessel bottom.

EFFECT: simple high-pressure vessel design, ease of manufacture, higher assembly efficiency and lower production costs.

4 cl, 8 dwg

Up!