Power plant

FIELD: converting energy of fluid media to mechanical and electrical energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed power unit includes foundation with several identical power units mounted on it through bed frames. Each unit has body located over vertical axis of symmetry, lower and upper partitions with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, gaseous working medium discharge pipe line fitted with adjusting valves, tank-mixer, natural gas supply and discharge pipe lines and inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings. Each unit is provided with flexible dome-shaped gas receiver with weights-anchors, fastening hinges and ropes laid in sea or ocean where natural gas or hydrogen is extracted. Power units have several identical power stages provided with axles with adjusting keys, sectional screw conveyers, drive belts, bypasses with valves, electric generators, waste gaseous medium discharge pipe line with moisture trap, counter, pressure gauges and valves.

EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency and ecological safety; enhanced reliability.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy, particularly the energy Converter fluid into mechanical and then electrical energy.

Known power plants convert the energy of the fluid into mechanical and then electrical energy. At the request of Germany 2951574, CL F 03 G 3/00, 1981, containing partially filled with a liquid-tight tank, placed it on top of each other the horizontal axis with the pulleys and covering their endless belt with buckets - working bodies and connected to the capacity of pipelines to supply and exhaust the gaseous working medium. Copyright certificate of the USSR No. 1321905, CL F 03 G 3/00, 07.07.87 g/, bull. No. 25. It is the same as the patent of the Russian Federation, No. 1321905, CL F 03 G 3/00, 12 March 1993 as the gaseous working medium gases used combustible mixture, the tank is provided with placed between the axes of the longitudinal partition and pipes for supplying and discharging fluid to control valves and actuators for the system of electrosurgery. Copyright certificate of the USSR No. 1592573, CL F 03 G 3/00, 15.09.90 g, bull. No. 34. It is the same as the RF patent №1592573, CL F 03 G 3/00, March 12, 1993, Containing the second tank placed in her turbine combustion chambers with the electrodes and the tank is a settling tank. Moreover, the combustion chamber with electrodes outlet communicated with the second tank, and tank-clarifier pipeline supply of gazoo the different working fluid. According to the patent of Russian Federation №2066787, CL F 03 G 3/00, 20.09.1996, containing compressors, several additional energy blocks interconnected by piping inlet and outlet gaseous working fluid with electromagnetic valves, with energy blocks communicated to each other through the compressor by pipeline, the capacity of each power unit is equipped with gotobaby.com placed under the holes formed in the vessel, and through a nozzle lifting the gaseous working medium in communication with the tank-the tank and also the pipe lift and drain the fluid, the latter of which communicates with the tank is a settling tank, and the other is installed in the vessel and is located in the direction rotation of the turbine, and automation of security and regulation. According to the patent of Russian Federation №2162963, MKI F 03 G 3/00, 10.02.2001,, bull. No. 4, it is equipped with multiple power units, each equipped with a housing placed on the vertical axis of symmetry, the upper and lower walls with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, piping removal "extra" gaseous working fluid control valves, tank mixer, piping inlet and outlet natural gas, inside the lower, middle, upper clamping rings, outer bottom, middle, top clamping rings, blower, in addition, you can sleep the wife of a flexible dome-shaped getosversion with cargo anchors, mounting hinges and cables, flexible dome-shaped floats, located on the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is energy installation according to the patent of Russian Federation №2162963, MKI F 03 G 3/00, 10.02.2001,, bull. No. 4.

Signs of a power plant according to the patent of Russian Federation №2162963, MKI F 03 G 3/00, 10.02.2001,, bull. No. 4, coinciding with the essential features of the present invention is the presence of several energy units, provided each is placed on the vertical symmetry axis turbines with the liquid working medium, lower and upper walls with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, pipes for supplying and discharging a gaseous working fluid, inside the lower, middle, upper clamping rings, outer bottom, middle, top compression fittings, generators, blower, and an extra supply of dome-shaped gas collector with cargo anchors, fasteners, hinges and cables, placed on the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated natural gas or the hydrogen.

The obstacles to achieve the required technical result is the following: piping removal "extra" gaseous working fluid control valves, tank-smesitel is, several generators with gearboxes, turns up the heat and reduce the efficiency of the power plant.

Object of the invention is the production of compact and simple installation, the design of which allows to simplify the technology of electricity generation using some of the excess pressure released from the bottom of the sea or ocean, natural gas, or hydrogen and could provide jobs in a safe, environmentally clean and high efficiency.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that the power plant comprises several identical power blocks, each of which is provided with a housing placed on the vertical axis of symmetry, the upper and lower walls with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, the piping of the exhaust gas of the working fluid control valves, tank mixer, piping inlet and outlet natural gas, the inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings, and also have a flexible domed gotobaby.com with cargo anchors, fasteners, hinges and cables, placed on the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen, when this energy blocks contain several identical energy levels having an axis with control keys, assorted pulleys, being the major belts, bypass with valves to create working conditions that are installed on stannah generators with pulleys, exhaust tube-consumer waste gaseous body velosportom, meter, pressure gauges and valves.

Prefabricated buildings of several identical energy levels of several identical power blocks have secured the placement of the upper and lower walls with holes and ribs, turbines with axes, switchgear check valves, liquid working fluid, the gas chambers with lids and with the axes of the bearings.

Flanges with gaskets prefabricated buildings of several identical energy levels of several identical power blocks provided Assembly and tightness of these energy levels, the placement of the outer and inner bottom and the top teams of the clamping rings.

The outer and inner bottom, middle, top teams clamping rings, base base, base ensured the stability and compactness of the power plant.

Liquid and gaseous working body provided the turbine rotation with the axes of several identical energy levels, which ensured the work of the power plant.

The gauges provided control over the level of liquid working fluid in e is ergetically the steps of, therefore, providing optimum mode of operation of power plant.

Piping supply and exhaust of gaseous working fluid valves and pressure gauges provided the movement of the gaseous working fluid that has ensured the work of the power plant with high efficiency.

The pipe feeding the liquid working fluid valves provided start-up and commissioning of the power plant.

The bottom and top walls with holes and ribs provided accommodation on the turbine bearings in the energy levels.

The holes on the bottom and top walls ensured the passage of the gaseous working fluid, therefore, ensured health and energy levels.

The ribs of the lower and upper walls with holes provided strength data partitions, therefore, have increased the reliability of the power plant.

Brackets provided accommodation switchgear with non-return valves, therefore, ensured health and energy levels.

Switchgear with non-return valves provided the gaseous working fluid under turbine energy levels.

The gas chamber has consistently provided the energy levels.

Couplings ensure the ecile clutch axis turbines with the axes of the caps of the gas chambers, ensuring the health and energy levels.

Kingpin axis covers the gas chambers provided accommodation assorted pulleys.

Oversized axes of the pulleys gas caps cameras provided the stretch drive belts, therefore, provided a coupling with drive belts and pulleys, the axes of the armatures of the generators, namely ensured the operation of the power blocks.

Drive belts secured a grip on the pulleys, therefore, resulted in operation of generators and energy blocks.

Frame generators provided stowage and securing of generators, therefore, provided their work.

Bypass with valves ensured the creation of working conditions in several identical energy levels, and also provided the opportunity to stop work and to repair any energy level.

The valves control the basic health check valves and non-return valves switchgear provided health monitoring data non-return valves.

The generators provided power production.

The receiver has provided the necessary pressure gaseous working fluid, therefore, provided the energy efficiency of the installation.

Gas meter provided control for optimum function EN is reticence installation and accounting of natural gas or hydrogen.

Air fittings provided filling buildings energy levels of the liquid working fluid.

The gauges provided commissioning and control for optimum performance of the power plant.

The discharge valves liquid working fluid and drainage provided drain liquid working fluid, therefore, provided an opportunity to repair the faulty power unit.

Valves fill buildings energy levels of the liquid working fluid provided filling these buildings according to the liquid working fluid.

The exhaust tube to the consumer spent gaseous working fluid, namely, natural gas or hydrogen, with the valves, velosportom, gas meter and pressure gauges provided drainage consumer waste natural gas or hydrogen.

The pipeline supply of natural gas or hydrogen provided operation of power plant.

Sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen, provided the installation of gaseous working fluid.

The cargo anchors secured a constant location of the dome-shaped gas collector.

Several flexible dome-shaped gas collector provided the collection (extraction) of a gaseous working fluid, and is built of natural gas or hydrogen.

The simplification of the technology lies in the fact that bypasses established a working condition in a few energy levels of several energy blocks.

Based power plants are the physical properties of the two fluid bodies: small solubility in one another, of different specific gravity, compressibility and one almost incompressibility another, as well as natural physical phenomenon, namely the reduction of pressure in the last energy level of the last energy of the block and at the same time, gravity flow of gaseous working fluid, increasing the pressure in the first energy level of the first energy block, and the remaining energy levels of several energy blocks automatically implemented self-regulation by the pressure drop, which automatically made the movement of the gaseous working medium in a few energy levels of several energy blocks.

Utility power plants is to create dematerialism using the minimum number of metals, compact and simple design, providing the technology of energy conversion of the two fluid bodies working in mechanical and then to electrical energy with high efficiency.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where nafig schematically shows a General view of the first energy block installation with the technological scheme of connection with other blocks, and figure 2 is a horizontal section of the first energy block.

Each power unit has still posted on the Foundation base 1 parallel to the vertical axis of symmetry in a circle, at the same distance from the centre of this circle, on stannah 2 are eight identical energy levels, and each energy level contains a prefab sealed enclosure 3 with flanges and gaskets 4, with holes, ribs, "nest" for bearing the lower wall 5, with holes, ribs, "nest" for bearing the upper wall 6, on the bearing axle 7, which holds the turbine 8, a pipeline with valves 9, 32 feed liquid working fluid 10 to level 11, level 12, a nozzle with a valve 13 drain liquid working fluid 10, the drain 14, the brackets 15 to accommodate switchgear having a check valve 16 and the main valve 17, the valve 18 health check non-return valves 16 and 17, the gas chamber 19 with the ribs, upper and lower "nests" for bearings in the cover 20 of the gas chamber 19, the bearing of the axis 21 of the cover 20 of the gas chamber 19, the key 22, which regulates the placement of a modular pulley 23, belt 24, the clutch 25, pipelines 26 and 33 of the outlet-flow of gaseous working fluid in susnik with the valve 27, the pressure gauge 28 of the gas chamber 19, the valves 29, 36 exhaust-flow of gaseous working fluid to the second energy level, the receiver 37, the pressure gauge 38 receiver 37, the valves 39, 40, 41 and 42 bypasses the creation of working conditions, the valve 43 of the vent last energy level of the last power-generating unit, a pressure gauge 44 of the gas chamber 19 of the last energy level of the last power unit and valve 45 supplying gaseous working fluid from the gas chamber 19 of the last energy level of the last power-generating unit, the valves 49, 50 and 51 of the feed gaseous working fluid under the turbine 8, the first energy level of the first the power block, the counter 52 supplying gaseous working fluid, the pressure gauge 53 supplying gaseous working fluid in the first energy level of the first energy block, the valve 54 of the bypass feed gaseous working fluid in the energy level of the energy blocks II, III,...n, prefabricated inner bottom clamping ring 55, precast average internal clamping ring 56, prefabricated inner upper clamping ring 57, precast exterior of the lower clamping ring 58, precast average outer clamping ring 59, prefabricated outer upper clamping ring 60, on the Foundation base 1, on the vertical axis of symmetry of the frame 61 is set generator 62, the pulley 64 to the axis 63 of the armature e is Kirovenergo 62.

In the sea or the ocean at a depth of 100 m or deeper, where there are deep currents and the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen, each power unit further comprises one domed gazosbornik 65, provided with fastening loops 66, fixing cables 67, cargo anchors 68, a supply pipe produced (assembled) natural gas or hydrogen with the valve 69 (figure 1), pipeline purging with valve 70, the valves 71, 72, 73 allotment consumer waste natural gas or hydrogen, blogospheric 74, the counter 75 allotment consumer waste natural gas or hydrogen the gauges 76, 77 allotment consumer waste natural gas or hydrogen, the valve 78 bypass diversion consumer waste natural gas or hydrogen.

The operation of power plants is carried out after carrying out commissioning works on the creation of working conditions.

The working condition is created in the following way: a few identical energy levels of several identical power blocks valves 9, 32 and 27 feed liquid working fluid and the required set in the "Open"position, while in a sealed section 3 identical energy levels of several identical power blocks received liquid working fluid (atmospheric water, and antifreeze, or salt solution) for 10 to level 11, level 12. After which the valves 9, 32 and 27 feed liquid working fluid and the required set in the "Closed"position, and the valve 69 feed collected (extracted) natural gas or hydrogen, valves 39, 40, 41, 42 bypasses the creation of working conditions set in the "Open"position. When this gaseous working fluid through pipelines 26 exhaust-supply of gaseous working fluid received in the gas chamber 19 identical energy levels of several identical power blocks. Thus, a positive pressure in the gas chambers 19 identical energy levels of several identical power blocks 3 to 6 kgf/cm2more pressure "post" liquid working fluid at the location of the check valves 16 switchgear, gauges 28. Then the valves 39, 40, 41, 42 bypasses the creation of working conditions set in the "Closed"position. Thus, the working condition is created.

It should be noted that before starting the operation of the power plant it is necessary to check the serviceability of the check valves 16 and the main non-return valves 17 switchgear identical energy levels identical power units, as follows: the valves 18 to check back what's valves 16, 17 placed in the "Open"position. If the data check valves 16, 17 is OK, drainage 14 liquid working fluid 10 is not received. Then the valves 18 health check non-return valves placed in the "Closed"position. Start power plant carried out by opening valves 69, 49, 50, 51, 29, 36, 71, 72 and 73.

Thus, in the first energy level of the first energy block and the last energy level of the last power unit in the gas chambers 19 created pressure drop, due to what the rest of identical energy levels of several identical power blocks gaseous working fluid by gravity moves toward smaller pressure automatically through the main check valve 17, the check valves 16 switchgear, the holes on the bottom walls 5, under the turbine 8. When this liquid working fluid 10 through the holes on the bottom and the top walls 5, 6 pushed gaseous working fluid in the gas chamber 19. Moreover, the data of the working fluid of the body is affected on both sides of the turbine blades 8 in opposite directions: a liquid working fluid is directed downward, and the gaseous working fluid is directed upwards. Why turbine 8 with the axes 7 are rotated. Because the axis 7 of the turbine 8 through the clutch 25 is connected to the axis 21 of the lid 20 to the gas chambers 19, and the data axis 21 by means of assorted pulleys 23 and the drive belts 24 are connected with the pulleys 64 axes 63 of the armatures of the generators 62, the armature generators 62 rotate. While the generators 62 identical power units generating electrical energy.

Thus, the power plant operates safely and environmentally friendly with high efficiency on the bottom of the sea or ocean at a depth of 100 meters or more, where there are deep currents and the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen.

It should be noted that works similarly to the power plant can be used on land in places of natural gas production or lowering its pressure, in this case the installation does not contain a flexible dome-shaped gas collector 65, provided with fastening loops 66 of the fastening cables 67, cargo anchors 68.

Energy installation comprising a Foundation based on which by means of frames have several identical power blocks, each of which is provided with a housing placed on the vertical axis of symmetry, the upper and lower walls with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, the piping of the exhaust gas of the working fluid control valves, tank mixer, piping inlet and outlet natural gas, inside them and the outer bottom, middle and upper clamping rings, and also have a flexible domed gotobaby.com with cargo anchors, fasteners, hinges and cables, placed on the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen, with the energy blocks contain several identical energy levels having an axis with control keys, assorted pulleys, drive belts, bypass with valves to create working conditions that are installed on stannah generators with pulleys, exhaust tube-consumer waste gaseous body velosportom, meter, pressure gauges and valves.



 

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FIELD: converting energy of fluid media to mechanical and electrical energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed power unit includes foundation with several identical power units mounted on it through bed frames. Each unit has body located over vertical axis of symmetry, lower and upper partitions with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, gaseous working medium discharge pipe line fitted with adjusting valves, tank-mixer, natural gas supply and discharge pipe lines and inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings. Each unit is provided with flexible dome-shaped gas receiver with weights-anchors, fastening hinges and ropes laid in sea or ocean where natural gas or hydrogen is extracted. Power units have several identical power stages provided with axles with adjusting keys, sectional screw conveyers, drive belts, bypasses with valves, electric generators, waste gaseous medium discharge pipe line with moisture trap, counter, pressure gauges and valves.

EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency and ecological safety; enhanced reliability.

2 dwg

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