Device for adjusting nose deformity

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has supporting member and mechanism for applying pressure. The supporting member is designed as dentogingival cup fixable on maxillary teeth. Pressure mechanism is composed of springs connected to the dentogingival cup center on one end and to pelots on the other end for producing pressure in the nose deformity area.

EFFECT: simplified design; improved operation features.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to medical devices used in dentistry, and can be used for correction of the nose and the formation of the inner corner of the eye during surgical reposition bones nonorbital area.

A device for correcting deformities of the nose, containing a support for mounting on the patient's head and guiding movably connected with the possibility of fixing nemocnica made in the form of a trapezoidal plate, symmetrically curved around the circumference, and is fitted with a gasket of soft airtight material having a tube to allow attaching it to the device for injection of air and a pressure gauge and freely placed in the concavity of nemocnice (RF Patent No. 2062610, class. And 61 In the 17/24, 1992).

The disadvantages of this device are the need of additional devices in the form of a pressure gauge to monitor the pressure, and the use of headgear for fixation and the need to reconfigure the device after each ligation.

The technical result from the use of the invention in comparison with known is to simplify the design and increase the convenience of operation. The technical result is achieved in that the device for correcting deformities of the nose, containing a support and a mechanism for creating giving is to be placed, a distinctive feature is that the bearing is a dental mouthguard fixed on the teeth of the upper jaw, and the pressure mechanism comprises a spring, one end attached to the center of periodontal splints, and other end - to peloton for the formation of pressure in the area of deformation of the nose.

The device (Figure 1) works as follows: the supporting part is made in the form of periodontal splint (1) on the upper jaw, which is firmly attached to the teeth and has multiple contact with the teeth antagonists. In the center of periodontal splint (1) lock spring (2), ending with pelotari (3).

Spring (2) is made from one piece orthodontic wire with a length of 20-25 cm in diameter, 1.5 or 1.2 mm One end of the spring (2) is fixed in the Kappa (1) self-hardening plastic with the release of the free end of the wire at a right angle exactly in the center of the dental arch and focusing on the line of closing the lips. The free end of the wire outside of the lips gently curved in the right direction and the up and twisted spring (2) 1.5 with a coil diameter of about 2.0 to see the Direction the wave is chosen such that the spring (2) worked on twisting. Topographically the coils of the spring (2) is placed in the infraorbital region approximately at the level of the wing of the nose. Next, directly on the patient, at a fixed Kappa (1) the OST is of a rotatable free end of the wire smoothly bend, make it to the delineated on the face of the impact area, the excess wire is cut and the end of the bend the loop so that it rested in the center of the impact zone, at the desired angle. Plastic is made of plot (3), the boundaries of which correspond to the impact zone. Pilot (3) is combined with the previously made part of the hearing aid with a self-hardening plastic directly on the patient. The strength and direction of regulate pressure by activation or attenuation of springs and wire bending elements of the apparatus. The optimal pressure is 150-200 g

To provide a counter pressure when forming the bridge of the nose using two springs (2) pelotari (3). The beginning of use of the apparatus approximately 8-12 days after surgery. In General, the period of use of the device is 2-4 weeks, and at meal times and sleep it should be removed. Long-term observations allow to judge about the high efficiency of the proposed design.

The invention is illustrated Figure 2 which explains the placement of the device on the patient.

Device for correcting deformities of the nose is used as follows: 1 - teach the patient how to put on and off the apparatus and hygienic care; 2 - hold activation of springs (3) and perform medical monitoring of treatment progress.

Thus the m application of the apparatus allows to have a constant low pressure dosed on the scope of the impact, in some cases, it is necessary in the postoperative period of treatment. The device is easily installed and removed. In contrast to the known, it does not require setting up after each cycle of removal and installation, no need extra equipment to customize, it is convenient to use the patient, just in manufacturing.

Device for correcting deformities of the nose, containing a support and a mechanism for creating pressure, characterized in that the bearing is a dental mouthguard fixed on the teeth of the upper jaw, and the pressure mechanism comprises a spring, one end attached to the center of periodontal splints, and other end - to peloton for the formation of pressure in the area of deformation of the nose.



 

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