Compact plant growing chamber

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, cultivation of flowers, vegetables, decorative and tropical plants under home conditions.

SUBSTANCE: compact chamber is composed of at least two parts, that is, bath, extension rings-inserts, hood, and pan. Pan is placed into bath, ground is spilled, sown, watered and covered with hood. Said parts are secured to one another by adhesive tape. Compact chamber may have cylindrical or square volume of enclosure vessel subdivided into at least three main parts: lower part with bath for receiving of soil or other nutritive mixture, extension rings-inserts, and upper part with hood for creating closed space, wherein permanent humidity is maintained for creating advantageous conditions for plant growing. In case space is to be increased in vertical direction, ring-insert is positioned between bath and hood. For plant illumination, in case natural illumination is insufficient, lighting device is inserted into hood throat and switched to regulated pulse-duration power unit controlled from automatic program relay, which is turned-on and turned-off in accordance with set season, solar cycle, established at starting time by means of switches. Heating, air and moisture modes are regulated by means of vent windows defined by notches-depressions formed on vessel surface. Vent windows may be removed when necessary. Vent windows may be closed and opened by means of small windows set for predetermined threshold temperature values and automatically controlled by bimetal effect, and in case of necessity, heating system is switched on.

EFFECT: simplified and convenient maintenance, improved development of plants and reliable scientific results, when used in laboratory conditions.

10 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly the cultivation of flowers, vegetables, and represents a protective shelter for plants grown at home or in the conditions of commodity production.

Known the simplest device for growing and shelter seedlings, which consists of wooden boxes, plastic cuvettes, clay pots, different packaging from under products, glass jars. All these devices are used for growing seedlings of cultivated and wild plants. But in any case, all these devices inherent to the same disadvantages: the difficulty of maintaining a favourable and stable conditions of humidity, temperature and lighting for a long period of plant development, when for one reason or another, forget or can't be watered on time or to perform other agricultural activities, as well as the difficulty of delivery of plants without damage to your site by public transport, as well as the impossibility of growing tropical or other equally exotic plants in the conditions of commodity production at minimum cost of labour and the participation of staff.

There is also a need illumination seedlings, if the apartment is located on the North side of the house or apartment insufficient lit is, and other objectively-subjektivnim reasons. To do this, mainly used lamps daytime running light, manual included and off at a certain time that meets their difficulties. Many inconveniences bring houseplants, when you need to leave home apartment for a relatively long period of time. Have to outsource it to someone, often do not perform the required complex of cultural events.

The proposed device for the cultivation and protection of plants, which we will call camera-compact, devoid of these shortcomings and has a number of advantages over known devices, including greenhouses:

- the closed volume of the camera-compact reduces moisture loss to a minimum and watering to be extremely rare, 2-3 times a month and in long terms;

- automatic time switches with sensors assess the internal condition of the environment cameras and devices, illumination, heating and watering plants eliminates the need to perform the procedure manually and keep in memory the moments of switching on and off of illumination, heating n watering.

With the camera-compact made manually at home without the use of automation, it is possible to grow seedlings, keep house plants with long-term deprivation of the AI, to prepare the ground for planting seeds of cultivated plants.

For aging soil before sowing in them the seeds, it is placed in a closed chamber volume and abundantly watered, and then the lower volume of the chamber is closed by a cap and is placed in a heated room. The microorganisms begin its work, causing the soil composition in the equilibrium state in two weeks.

Usually, for delivery to garden plot seedlings grown in pots or in packages from under dairy products, should also be Packed in boxes, which creates additional problems and does not ensure complete safety of the plant in terms of public transport and when using the camera-compact for shipping plants such delivery is made directly at her.

In the upper part of the neck of the camera-compact by a handle.

The aim of the invention is the production at home of the camera-compact of transparent vessels for delivery and storage of drinking water supplied to the distribution network volumes 5, 6, 8, 10 or more liters, after using them for their intended purpose.

In conditions of industrial production of camera-compact in the vessel are added structural changes, allowing you to turn an ordinary volume of the vessel in the camera-compact for gardeners and businesses of all kinds, spetsializirujus is camping on the cultivation and supply of seedlings for commercial purposes.

Thanks to the new camera properties-CD achieved a number of useful functions: the planting and growing of seedlings, preparation of soil for sowing, removal of excess soil moisture by watering, lighting and heating of soil and plants with a given temperature, programmable rhythm lighting, the ability to move soil or seedlings undamaged, easy storage camera-compact to the point of use, and ease of service with minimal maintenance personnel for use in research institutions.

The essence of the invention that the cap is made of walls with reflective layer and includes an additional ring inserts to increase their height, at the mouth of the cap lamp is installed, connected to the output of pulse-width power source automatic time relay, on the tube, closing the mouth, a sprayer with a hand or with a mechanical drive connected to the power supply output automatic relay containing a programmable microchip, block set modes, pulse-width power supply and remote control and visualization, interconnected, connected to temperaturesalinity sensors, separately installed photosensitive element, connected to I the remote control automatic timer, the humidity sensor connected to the input of the automatic relay, and to the outputs of the device change environment settings: ditch-heater, lamp and spray on the walls, there are vent Windows, and bath made with walls extending upward and allow the attachment of trays one another, and extension rings-insert and cap are made with walls having an extension to its lower edge by an amount permitting the attachment to each other during storage, placed in a thermostatic cuvette-warmer, made of insulating material containing a heating element, a temperature sensor adjacent to the bath and connected to automatic timer.

In case you entered: automatic programmable time relay connected to temperaturescale sensors containing a programmable microchip, block set modes, pulse-width power supply and remote control and visualization, interconnected, and the photosensitive element connected to the input of an automatic timer.

The humidity sensor connected to the input of the automatic relay, and to the outputs of the device change the environment settings.

Ditch the heater, lamp and spray block set modes, the temperature-sensitive element connected to the input of the automatic is anyone programmable time relay. The cap also contains a vent window.

Bath, put in the base of the chamber, made with walls extending upward and allow the attachment of trays one another, and extension rings-insert and cap are made with walls having an extension to its lower edge by an amount permitting the attachment to each other when stored.

The tray is placed in a thermostatic cuvette-warmer, made of insulating material containing a heating element, a temperature sensor adjacent to the bath and connected to an automatic timer.

The height of the camera body is compact can be increased due to the additional extension tubes inserted.

The camera body is compact can be made of square section or other configuration.

At the top of the cap and the ring-printed inserts depth contours risks of Windows opened as necessary, by removing part of the connecting strips from the surface of the vessel body, and the Windows are vents that can be opened and closed based on the bimetallic effect.

In the microchip program solar natural rhythm of light and optimal changes of indicators of the internal environment of the phytotron.

Before start the camera-compact in automatic R who Le time enter source data: world time, latitude location, current time, and establish a work programme maintain specified time environmental parameters: temperature, light and humidity.

Thus, the camera-compact is a cylindrical or other closed volume formed by the two parts of volume: lower volume is a tray for placing soil or nutrient mixture and top - cap, creating an enclosed air space above the bath and connected to each other by a latch or masking tape. In the period of intensive growth of plants with vertical development of the height of the camera-compact can be increased by introducing additional intermediate rings, made from parts of other cameras-compact.

The camera Assembly is compact from a vessel for delivery and storage of drinking water at home is the most primitive way. The vessel is divided into two or more component parts, of which in the future is going camera-compact, where the lower part of the vessel is used as trays or pots to accommodate soil and plants, and the upper part of the vessel is designed to create a closed air volume, to prevent rapid loss of moisture by evaporation.

The production of camera-compact in terms of specialized production for mass cultivation of assadi different species of plants or for use in conditions where required to support the environment settings in the camera-compact: temperature, humidity and lighting, with minimal human participation requires the embodiment of all the additional features of the invention, such as adding additional extension tubes-inserts, manufacturing pallet with a case fitted with a risk-grooves scheduling components: bath, hood, extension rings, inserts, vent Windows, pallet, for the division of the corps applied divider strips with a protruding tongue.

In the upper part of the hood and on the rings-the inserts printed circuits risks holes opened by removing the connective tissue from the surface of the body, and the reliability of connection of the housing parts are used latch.

For automatic protection of plants from overheating in the camera-compact ventilation Windows with vents, opening and closing due to the bimetallic effect. For a more economical use of the luminous energy of the lamp, placed in the neck, a cap applied to the reflective structure.

So, to create the optimum conditions of the plant when using camera-compact in research laboratories, enterprises engaged in breeding work, as well as commercial enterprises grow the receiving seedlings for sale to the population, in the design of the camera-compact introduces automation, including automatic programmable time relay, at the mouth of the hood is installed lamp, and the camera itself-CD set on ditch-water bottle connected to an automatic timer and supplied from the pulse power source, and its on-off is made by microchip, programmed to natural solar rhythm by setting the latitude and longitude of the place of growth of plants, the intensity and spectral composition of the illumination and calendar time running camera-compact, which it introduced also block set modes, and on the surface of the housing are bonded sensors measuring temperature, light and humidity, connected to the inputs of an automatic timer.

In the cap covering the mouth of the hood camera-compact, mountable manual or automatic dispenser.

Extension rings-insert and cap, and bath are carried out so that they could partially come into each other and secured with the latch or latches.

To maintain a stable environment settings inside the camera-compact in research provides automatic air vents and applying a reflective layer on the walls of the bell housing of the camera.

In addition, the contours Obratnaya, supportive living settings in the camera-compact within the specified limits, included film thermo-, light - and moisture-sensitive elements, bonded to the surface of the camera is compact and controlled automatic time switch thermostatic cuvette is warmer, lighter, with a given radiation spectrum, and automatic spray, plug-and off to maintain the set temperature, lighting and humidity with the help of a software unit that deploys the specified temporary program required the researcher in automatic mode.

In figure 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 shows:

1. The camera body.

2. Thermostatic cuvette-warmer.

3. Bath.

4. A pan or pot.

5. The ground.

6. Extension ring insert.

7. Cap.

8. Neck.

9. Tube.

10. The spray.

11. Ventilation window.

12. The window.

13. The cutting line.

14. Fixture for lamp illumination.

15. Lamp.

16. Automatic programmable time relay.

17. Pulse-width power source.

18. Programmable microchip.

19. Block set modes.

20. Remote control and visualization.

21. The dividing strip.

22. Tongue.

23. Risk-deepening.

24. The lower extended portion of the wall of the cap.

25. Reference step.

26. The bottom edge of the cap.

2. The latch.

28. Handle.

29. Temperaturesalinity element.

30. The photosensitive element.

31. The hygrometer.

Figure 1 shows the case of the original camera-compact, part of which, at home, with a piece of adhesive tape is going simplest camera-compact. The camera body is compact cylindrical section (1), tube (9) and the handle (32), shows the section line (13), the dotted line dividing it into three parts, the bottom tray (3), medium - extension ring-insert (6) and upper cover (7).

Figure 2 shows the camera-compact dual-purpose, manufactured by specialized production enterprise and used either as a vessel to supply water to the distribution network, either as a source procurement for camera-compact.

Figure 2 shows the tray (3) disposal (5), extension ring (6), allowing to increase the height of the chamber, the cap (7) to create a closed air space, a pan or pot with dividers (4), creating a free space under the ground to collect excess moisture, the latch (27)connecting the tub (3), extension ring (6) and the cap (7) in a single structural unit, the ventilation window (11), open and close the window (12), the dispenser (10), fixture for lamp (14), the lamp (15).

Figure 3 shows the automatic PR is grammarware time relay (16) pulse width power source (17), programmable microchip (18), block set modes (19), remote control and visualization (20).

When making camera-compact dual-purpose in terms of specialized production in the camera body provides for the following structural elements that shown in figure 2, 4 and 5:

in the separation zone of the camera housing-CD on the tray (3 in figure 1), extension ring-insert (6 1) and the cap (7 Fig 1) are the ring of refinement, asked in the manufacture of the vessel "scallops" in the mold, which are imprinted on the housing (1 1) in the form of scratches-recesses (23, section a-a in figure 4 and 5) in the wall of the vessel.

- "the tongue" (22 4) for engagement and disengagement of the narrow dividing strips (21 4)dividing the vessel into parts: bath (3 in figure 1), extension ring insert or ring-insert (6 in figure 1) and the cap (7 in figure 1), and without using any tool.

- in the hood (7 in figure 2) camera-compact formed of the ventilation window (pos.11) for regulating the air volume of the chamber. For which, in accordance with the shape of the pattern of ventilation ducts (11 in figure 2), in the matrix of the mold are provided "scallops"that are printed on the camera body (1 in figure 2) in the form of scratches-recesses (23, section a-a in figure 4 and 5) in the wall. If necessary, to prevent overheating of the plants, interazione window (11) can be equipped with an automatic air vents (12) using bimetallic effect, allows you to open and close the ventilation window (11 2) automatically

- the lower part of the cap (7 in figure 2), and extension rings-insert (6 in figure 2) is made with the advanced size diameter (24 in figure 3 and 4) and has a support step (25 figs.4 and 5) to secure the cap (7 2), and extension rings-insert (6 in figure 2) or an extension tube inserts (6 in figure 2) and baths (position 3 in figure 2) between them.

- the bottom edge of the cap (26, figure 4) and an extension tube inserts (6 in figure 5) is made in the form of an annular folds with the edges curved inward vessel (4 and 5), which allows the separation of the trays (3 in figure 2), an extension tube inserts (6 in figure 2) and cap (7 in figure 2) to form a latch (27 figure 5) for connection of the trays (2 and 3 5), and extension rings-insert (6 2 and 5)and cap (7 2 and 4 and extension rings-insert (6 2 and 4);

in industrial conditions, the camera is compact, designed for dual use, are risk-holes for marking of ventilation ducts (11 2), pallet (4 2),

- build camera-compact of the structural parts to be made manually, as follows: on the tub (3 figures 1 and 2) is installed or immediately cap (7 Fig 1 and 2), or one or more extension rings-inserts (6 figures 1 and 2), connected with a small what athom, moreover, the lower edge of the cap (26, figure 4) or extension rings-insert (6 5) be seated in the annular risk-recess (23 figure 4 and 5), forming a latch (27 figure 5). However, such latches (27 figure 5) is rigid fixation of the cap (7 2) and baths (3 2) and/or extension tubes (6 2) together in a single unit, forming a chamber-CD.

Gardeners producing camera-compact released from vessels for drinking inputs, if the plants are placed not on the Sunny side of the window, you can use them with illumination, figure 1, where the lamp (15 2) in the valve (14 2) is installed in the neck of the cap (8 2). Lighting provides additional heating plant, located in the chamber, which accelerates the development of plants.

Lamp (15 Fig.2 and 3) the camera is compact, intended for use in nurseries and in research laboratories, is activated via automatic programmable time relay (16, figure 3) and is powered by a pulse-width power source (17, figure 3)included in the grid. Pulse-width power source (17, figure 3) allows you to set the desired backlight level, without changing the spectral composition of the illumination source, manual or automatic method. Automatic time switches (16, figure 3) contains a microchip (18 3)operations programmed on the th natural, solar rhythm of light (daylight), which connects and disconnects the lamp (15 figure 2 and 3) in compliance with the latitude of the place of planting and longitude of the place of growth of the plant (lap time) using a block set modes (19 3) and set the current calendar time on the remote control when the camera is compact in the auto mode.

In the microchip (18 3), if necessary, are temporary program of development of plants containing the current parameters of temperature, humidity and light. Three main circuit maintenance of vital parameters of plants: temperature, light and humidity, contains temperaturesalinity element (29 figure 2 and 3), the photosensitive element (30 figure 2 and 3) and humidity sensor (31 2 and 3), respectively, connected to the microchip (18 3), in automatic time switches (16, figure 3).

On the basis of information taken from the sensing elements, the microchip (18 3) generates and outputs control inputs to the pulse-width power source (17, figure 3), feeding respectively the lamp (15 Fig.2 and 3), cell-pad (2 Fig.2 and 3) and the nozzle (10 Fig.2 and 3). The humidity sensor (31, figure 3) displays help and control information to the remote control and visualization (20, figure 3) and in the control circuit of the automatic time relay (16 is high). Camera-compact for growing plants works as follows: at the bottom of the trays (3 2) is placed a pan or pot (4 2) with holes, filled with earth or nutrient mixture. After seeding or planting is deep watering and bathtub (3 2) is covered by a cap (7 2), and both parts are connected by a latch (27 2) or adhesive tape (28) along the contour.

This forms a closed volume where the moisture begins to circulate automatically, initially supporting a given level of humidity for a long time.

As growth and development of plants, height of camera-compact increases due to the introduction of the extension inserts - rings (6 2).

Due to the high clarity camera-compact provides good illumination of plants.

In the camera-compact for growing plants are excluded heat loss by evaporation, soil temperature is maintained at the level of the environment, and the additional illumination of the plants increases the temperature by a few degrees.

Application of the cell-warmers (2 2) allows you to maintain a higher temperature for some plants.

At the same time, if necessary, the camera is compact, equipped with an automatic programmable time relay, which allows to stabilize the temperature at the data level or to change its program.

Watering plants, if necessary, is performed through the mouth (8 figures 1 and 2) without disassembling the camera into its component parts using drip household manual or automatic spray gun (10 2), mounted on the tube (9 1) or on the side of the cap (7 in figure 2).

The bottom of the lower part of the volume can be used as a pallet (4 in figure 2) or tub (3) from the other camera can be used as the inner pot (4 2), making pre-hole and placing it on the bottom of the trays (3 2) before filling with soil or filling nutrient mixture. The inner pot or pan (4 2) required to create a free cavity at the bottom of the trays (3 2), which can drain the moisture in excess watering. The use of internal pot or pan eliminates re-moistening of the soil and the intoxication of plant waste products, preventing their accumulation in the soil, and also facilitates the aeration of the soil at all depths, which is not unimportant at all stages of plant development. To do this in a pot or pan in the lower part are holes. To reduce damage to the root system of the plants when planted in the soil of the inner pot is with partitions.

The camera-compact can also be used for the preservation of domestic plants in a period of prolonged absence of the owner. The plant, in advance of the ilen watering, placed in the chamber together with the pot in which it grows, and then close the hood.

Camera-compact useful for the preparation of the soil before planting. What soil mixture, pre-processed, fall asleep in the tub (3 2), watering, and closing the cap (7 2), put in a warm place for one or two weeks for the propagation of beneficial microorganisms. It does not require any maintenance and control prior to sowing or planting.

The use of the proposed camera-compact for growing seedlings and plant protection at home allows you to avoid excessive humidity and unavoidable odors given off by the soil when growing plants in open packages or boxes in a residential installation.

There is the problem of storing a large number of those vessels from the water prior to their use as camera-compact.

The proposed technical solution, this is achieved by changing the shape of the source vessel. What part of the vessel from which is formed the bath, running with walls extending upwards, which allows after disassembly of the vessel nesting trays one another, and the portion of the vessel, from which the formation of the extension ring-insert and cap made with walls having an extension to its lower edge by an amount allow the second attachment each other disassembled, providing compact storage.

Shipping plants in the camera-compact on landing reduces the damaging factors and provides fast their survival in a new place. For more efficient use of the footprint of the pallet, for group delivery of camera-compact vessels in the base may have a square shape.

Camera-compact for growing plants was tested by the authors in the spring of 2001 and is currently at home for growing seedlings elite strawberry and showed a complete suitability for these purposes. For the three months growing seedlings irrigation was conducted only twice.

The invention still valuable because it helps to dispose of vessels manufactured by our industry for the storage and delivery of drinking water, released in huge quantities, filling them with new content.

1. Camera-compact for growing plants, consisting of a housing with walls in the form of the vessel is divided into two parts, with the lower part represents the tray, and the top consists of a cap for a closed air space, wherein the cap is made of walls with reflective layer and includes an additional ring inserts to increase their height, at the mouth of the cap lamp is installed, connected to the output of the pulse the pulse snogo power source automatic time switches on the tube, closing the mouth, a sprayer with a hand or with a mechanical drive connected to the power supply output automatic relay containing a programmable microchip, block set modes, pulse-width power supply and remote control and visualization, interconnected, connected to the temperature-sensitive sensors, separately installed photosensitive element connected to the input of an automatic time switch, humidity sensor connected to the input of the automatic relay, and to the outputs of the device change the environment settings - ditch-heater, lamp and spray on the walls, there are vent Windows, and bath made with walls extending upward and allow the attachment of trays one another, and extension rings-insert and cap are made with walls having an extension to its lower edge by an amount permitting the attachment to each other during storage, placed in a thermostatic cuvette-warmer, made of insulating material containing a heating element, a temperature sensor adjacent to the bath and connected to an automatic timer.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the height may be increased due to the additional extension tubes inserted.

3. The device is in according to claim 1, wherein the chamber walls are made risks deepening scheduling components baths, hood, extension rings-inserts, vent Windows, tray.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that in places the division of the body into its constituent parts introduced divider strips with a protruding tongue.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the Assembly of the body tub, hood, and extension rings-inserts made from clinging to the connecting tabs.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the casing may be made of square section or other configuration.

7. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper part of the cap and the ring-printed inserts depth contours risks of Windows opened as necessary, by removing part of the connecting strips from the surface of the vessel body.

8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the Windows are vents that can be opened and closed based on the bimetallic effect or effect-memory structure.

9. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the microchip program solar natural rhythm of light and optimal changes of indicators of the internal environment of the chamber.

10. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that before running in automatic the mechanical relay time enter source data: world time, latitude location, the current time and establish a work programme maintain specified time environmental parameters: temperature, light and humidity.



 

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5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture; growing plants at lesser consumption of electrical and thermal energy due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed greenhouse complex includes base, transparent heat-insulating dome-shaped coat with round transparent heat-insulation aperture in center. Coat is secured on load-bearing supports mounted vertically on base; it is manufactured from roofing blocks made from light-tight material at low heat conductivity and provided with through holes in form of truncated cones or pyramids coated from the inside with beam-reflecting material with their vertices directed inside or outside the coat. Holes are closed with inserts from the outside and inside which are made from thin transparent material; surfaces of said blocks directed inside coat and not occupied by through holes and technological holes are coated with beam-reflecting material. Areas with plants being cultivated, main and auxiliary technological equipment and plant life support systems are located inside coat and helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir consists of two vessels: one of them is filled with water and is mounted on base in center of coat and other is mounted coaxially inside first one and is insulated at sides and from beneath with low-conductivity material. Second vessel is closed at the top by its own transparent heat-insulating coat and is filled with common salt, for example. Two light reflectors which are cooled with water are made in form of truncated cones or truncated polyhedral pyramids. First of them with outer side light-reflecting surface is mounted with vertex downward above coat, coaxially with it. Second reflector is hollow; it is provided with light-reflecting surfaces; it is mounted coaxially relative to first reflector with vertex upward inside coat above helio-absorbing heat-insulating reservoir. Flat beam-reflecting panels located on area adjoining the coat concentrically relative to it are arranged in two rows. Each said panel is mounted on output link of its two-coordinated swivel mechanism provided with controllable drive. Base of drive is secured on bearing strut vertically mounted on ground surface. Provision is made for additional energy channel together with two said light reflectors which is made in form of flux of sun beams reflected by beam-reflecting panels of helio-absorbing heat-accumulating reservoir concentrated and directed downward. If necessary, it may be spread over entire surface. Controllable drives of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms are connected by their inputs to output of automatic control unit realized at base of computer center. Electrical inputs of center are connected with sensors of media contained in helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir and in space under coat, as well as with wind velocity and direction sensors and with coordinate position sensors of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms.

EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.

13 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.

SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.

EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.

SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.

EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.

5 cl, 2 dwg

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