Power supply system that has detachable fuel block and power generation unit, electrical device actuated by power supply system, and biodegradable shell of fuel block used in system

FIELD: power supply systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed invention is concerned with portable power supply system, fuel block incorporated in proposed power supply system, and device actuated by power generator and power supply system. Proposed power supply system functions to supply with power peripheral device and has fuel charging unit and power generation unit that can be connected to mentioned fuel charging unit and disconnected therefrom and functions to generate electrical energy using mentioned fuel supplied from mentioned fuel charging unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and fuel shell main body that can be connected to power generation unit and disconnected therefrom; power generation unit produces electrical energy using mentioned fuel and has open assembly unprotected against mentioned power generation unit when it is connected to the latter, and feed channel used for feeding fuel to mentioned power generation unit. Proposed fuel block has fuel storage cavity and shell that incorporates feed channel used for outlet of mentioned fuel and is made of biodegradable material.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of energy resource utilization.

49 cl, 135 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to a power supply system and, in particular, to a portable power supply system capable of efficiently using energy resource, fuel block constituting the power supply system, and the device driven by the power generator and the power supply system.

Prior art

In all areas of the household and industry use batteries of different types. For example, a primary element, such as an alkaline dry cell or manganese dry cell, often used in watches, cameras, toys and portable audio devices, and it is characterized by the fact that the production of such items is huge with a global perspective, and it is inexpensive and easily available.

Secondary element, such as a lead battery, a Nickel-cadmium battery, Nickel-hydrogen battery, a lithium ion battery, commonly used in mobile phones or personal digital assistants, which are widely used in modern portable devices such as a digital camcorder or digital camera, and has features that higher economic efficiency, as it can re-charging and the development shall be extended. Among the secondary elements of the lead battery is used as the starting power source for vehicles or ships or emergency power source in industrial equipment or medical equipment, etc.

In recent years due to the increasing anxiety for the environment or energy issues, a thorough study of the problems related to waste, obtained after using the galvanic elements, such as described above, or those which relate to the efficiency of energy conversion.

The primary element has a low cost and easily available, as described above, and there are many devices that use this element as a power source. In addition, in principle, if the primary element once discharged, the battery capacity cannot be restored, i.e. it can only be used once (disposable battery). The volume of waste per year therefore exceeds several million tons. For this case there are statistics showing that the attitude of all galvanic cells, which are collected for recycling is only about 20%, and the remaining approximately 80% are released into the natural environment or subjected whom are buried in landfills. Thus, there is a risk of a sharp deterioration of the environment and disfiguring of the natural environment under the action of heavy metals such as mercury or indium contained in such uncollected batteries.

Check the above galvanic battery in the light use efficiency of energy resource has shown that, because the primary element is manufactured using energy, which is about 300 times greater than the energy given in the discharge, the energy efficiency is less than 1%. Even in the case of a secondary element, which can again be charged and discharged and has better characteristics in terms of economic efficiency, if the second element is charged from a domestic power supply (standard wall outlet), or the like, the efficiency drops to about 12% due to the efficiency of energy production at the power plant or transmission losses of electricity. Therefore, we cannot say that the energy resource is certainly effectively used.

Thus, in recent years attention has been brought to new systems of power supply of various kinds or systems of energy production (which is lower in General referred to as "power supply system")that includes a fuel battery that supplies the t less impact (load) on the environment and are able to realize a very high energy efficiency, for example, from about 30 to 40%. In addition, with the purpose of use as a power source for the propulsion of vehicles or systems of power supply for industrial applications, cogeneration system for home use and others or replacement of the above galvanic elements, conducted extensive research and development for practical application.

In the power supply system with high energy efficiency, such as fuel cell, not the tool is installed, is able to replenish the fuel through easy operations when used accumulated inside the fuel. In addition, the fuel element in the power supply system is also made of a material with a long service life, and, in particular, the catalyst provided inside the fuel element, subject to destruction resulting from the use of a heater or the like, In General terms, this system lifetime expires before the device powered by the system power supply and the system power source, which is combined with the device must be replaced for each device, or sometimes there is a significant time of repair.

In addition, it is impossible to resolve the problem, namely, that the constituent elements (for example, through rvoir for fuel and other) system power source after the consumption of fuel for energy production or the expiration of their period of life are thrown away as waste, and there is a possibility that a problem may occur a sharp deterioration of the environment or the disfigurement of the natural environment as in the case of the above galvanic element.

Due to the above problems, the present invention has the advantage that a rapid deterioration of the environment or mutilation of the natural environment, waste, throw away after use, can be reduced by using a system power source, which can be used as a substitute for a portable galvanic element or element, or node load fuel module or generate energy, which can be used as part of a system power source.

In addition, in order to reduce the size and weight of the system power source with high energy efficiency, such as fuel cell, and to use it as a replacement (interchangeable products) for a laptop or a portable power source, such as the above galvanic element, the power supply system has the following problems.

Usually, while the fuel cell generates energy conversion of the alcohol fuel or hydrogen gas comprising elemental hydrogen, in contact with one of the electrodes,the fuel cell itself does not control the beginning and end of the formation energy. In the power supply system comprising a fuel cell used as a power source, in particular, for a portable device, even if the device is in off mode or standby mode and consumes less energy, electricity, which must be fed to a device that continuously displays like normal galvanic element, and energy, therefore, is always generated, thereby deteriorating the efficiency of fuel consumption. In order to bring volume and weight of portable devices such values that this portable device can be portable or used with the system power source built into it, the amount of fuel to generate energy for the fuel element is necessarily limited, and it is desirable to make control so that the fuel for energy generation optional effectively consumed and was extended for the duration of the energy supply.

Disclosure of inventions

Due to the above problems, the present invention has an advantage in creating the module energy production, fuel unit and system power supply that includes these elements, which can stably and with high quality to operate the device using galvanic element General purpos is implemented in the form of labour power, and to achieve efficient use of energy resource by reducing excessive fuel consumption for energy generation.

Further, in existing portable devices or the like using a galvanic cell as the working power source (mobile phone or personal digital assistant, which in recent years most widely used), most of them have the function of determining the status of consumption of the battery and display the amount of remaining battery energy, the notification function alarm signal, message or other urgent or replace the battery when the output voltage of the battery reaches a predetermined lower limit value (which for the sake of convenience below in General referred to as "the notification function on the residual amount"), and others.

Specifically, as trends change over time of the output voltage in a conventional galvanic element (characteristic of the electromotive force)as it is known that the characteristic Sp electromotive force deteriorates over time as a result of the discharge and the output voltage gradually decreases, as shown in Fig, is determined by the change of the output voltage and periodically or continuously displays the remaining battery capacity or estimated time PR is taking effect device, or notification of the replacement or the battery (notification of the remaining number of IP) is displayed to a user device, when the output voltage becomes lower than the voltage range (voltage range guaranteed operation), in which normally the work is performed in a handheld device, etc.

In contrast, since most systems power source with high energy efficiency, including fuel cell, represent, mainly, the devices generate power using a predetermined fuel arbitrarily set feature Sf output voltage characteristic of the electromotive force of the power source based on the amount of fuel that should be applied to the site of energy production or the like, regardless of the period of time determined by the discharge (namely, the residual quantity of fuel), as shown in Fig. Therefore, since the power supply system is designed based on technical requirements on a portable device or the like, so that you may receive the ideal DC voltage Vi, is capable of stable operation, a fixed amount of fuel is supplied per unit of time regardless of the residual amount of fuel and work for you is abode energy in the system power supply is stopped, and the output voltage Vi instantly becomes 0 V when the used fuel.

Therefore, when the system power source (e.g., fuel cell)having such a characteristic Sf electromotive force is directly applied as a power source for an existing portable device, as it cannot be determined a reduction of output voltage after a time, caused by the discharge, may not be fully used the above function notification remaining number, and thus, the user feels uncomfortable because he/she is not able to assess in advance the condition of the fuel. In addition, in the case of using, as the replacement of a galvanic cell, the system power source comprising a fuel cell as a power source for portable devices, etc. in the future, as the device again should be provided with functions or devices for direct detection of the residual quantity of fuel and reminders of fullness or bunker or replace the system power supply must be largely re-created the structure of the peripheral parts of the site power source in the portable device or the like, which increases the cost of the product.

The investigator is about, due to the above problems, the present invention has the advantage of creating a system power source, is able to use at least one of the functions for determining the fall of the output voltage of the battery, the display of the residual quantity of battery capacity and reminders about replacing or refilling the batteries in the existing device, such as a portable device having these features.

In accordance with the present invention results from the system power source to supply power to an external device, containing:

download fuel with fuel loaded therein; and

site energy generation, which can be attached to the download site fuel and disconnected from it without restriction and which generates electricity by using the fuel supplied from the download site fuel.

In accordance with the present invention, since the loading unit of fuel can be arbitrarily attached to the node of power generation and detached from it, the download site fuel can be easily replaced by a new site fueling, having in it the fuel when the fuel is spent. In addition, if the power supply system is made so that it can be attached to an external device and disconnected from him, without limitation, Uzes the power production can be replaced by a new site energy generation, which usually generates energy when the node energy is almost expired service life. Therefore, as can be easily replaced by the site energy generation, which is relatively much is consumed due to the deterioration of the catalyst, the device does not need to be repaired or replaced. Since the present invention has such a construction that may be sufficient to replace only the minimum required nodes, it is possible to reduce the excessive consumption of the resource.

In accordance with the present invention created a fuel cell block having a cavity to accommodate a fuel, comprising: the main body of the fuel cladding, which may be freely connected to the node of power generation and detached from it, which generates energy using fuel and has an open site that is protected from generating power when connected to node energy; and an exhaust passage for fuel on site energy generation.

By creating thereby open the fuel unit is easily possible to determine the residual amount of fuel and use without the formation of any kind of waste, and fuel unit can be easily removed from the open node when replacing the fuel block.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention created a fuel cell unit comprising a shell, which has an outlet for supplying fuel to the outside and made of biorazlagaemykh material.

Since the shell is made of biorazlagaemykh material, it can decompose without saving its shape, even if it is on a garbage dump in the soil, and you can reduce the concerns about the collection, as in the case of battery General purpose, as it is not toxic. In addition, if the fuel block is not used, the shell does not degrade when the fuel block is protected by a protective tool, so you can safely store the fuel block.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention created a power generator, comprising: a module to generate energy for generating electricity from the fuel; a first interface to connect the storage node of fuel, having a cavity to accommodate a fuel module energy production and disconnect from it without restrictions and extracting the fuel from the storage node of the fuel module energy; and a second interface that allows you to attach the module to generate power to an external device with the load and disconnecting without restrictions and outstanding electricity generated by the module energy, to an external device.

In accordance with this aspect, since the power generator can b shall be arbitrarily attached to an external device and disconnected from him, the power generator may be replaced by a new power generator, which normally produces energy when almost or fully expired service life of the power generator. Therefore, since the power generator, which is relatively heavily consumed due to the deterioration of the catalyst or the like, can be easily replaced, there is no need to replace or repair the device. Since the present invention has such a construction that may be sufficient to replace only the minimum necessary parts as described above, it is possible to reduce the excessive consumption of the resource.

In addition, due to the provision of the capacitor module energy production should not be wasteful discharge through pre-execution auto charge, and can be improved energy efficiency.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the device is created, containing:

load, operating under the action of electricity;

and

the power supply system, which can be attached to the device and disconnected from it without restriction and which supplies electric power generated using the fuel load.

As the system power source is removable, as described above, when, for example, a small fuel cell is used in which the quality of the system power source, the power supply system can be easily disconnected from the device, when the expired service life of the fuel element, and, therefore, no need to change the system power source corresponding to each device, thereby reducing the cost.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention created a generator that contains:

the means of power generation for generating energy by means of the fuel loaded in the removable medium loading of fuel; and

control for changes over time in the output voltage to a load by means of electricity generated by means of energy production.

In accordance with this aspect, as it is possible to implement a portable power supply having the characteristic of output voltage in accordance with the tendency of change of the voltage of a galvanic cell General purpose or similar, even if the power generator is directly used as a power source for an existing portable device or similar, without difficulty, can be used to detect the output voltage, the display of the residual quantity of battery capacity or estimated time of actuation of the device or reminders about replacing or the dawn of the e battery, thereby creating a power generator with high compatibility with galvanic element.

Brief description of drawings

On figa and 1B are presented in the ISO image for schematic illustrations of the application of the system power source in various States in accordance with one implementation of the present invention.

On figa, 2B and 2C presents a flowchart showing the basic design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 3 presents a block diagram depicting the first embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 4 presents a block diagram depicting a construction site of a power generation system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

Figure 5 presents a view schematically depicting a first example of construction of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 6B presents a perspective image and a cross-section view schematically showing a second example structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

<> On figa, 7B and 7C shows, schematically depicting a third example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa-8C shows, schematically depicting a fourth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 9B shows, schematically depicting a fifth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

Figure 10 presents a view schematically showing the sixth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 11B shows, schematically illustrating a seventh example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view showing the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents schematicized, depicting the operating state (part 1) in another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the working state (part 2) in another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the working state (part 3) in another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the working state (part 1) another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the working state (part 2) in another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the operating state (the art 3) in another example of the eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting a first example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 20B presents views depicting the formation of hydrogen at the site of the reforming fuel, applicable for site energy generation in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 21B presents a promising image and cross-section, schematically illustrating the second example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa-22D presents schematic views depicting a third example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with the option run in different operating conditions.

On figa and 23C shows, schematically depicting a fourth example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and 24V shows, schematically depicting a fifth example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with the option issue the log.

On figa and 25V shows, schematically showing the sixth example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the primary structure of a specific example of a module energy production, applicable to a system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram, schematically illustrating the principle of operation of the power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting the initial stage of operation (standby) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting the starting stage of the system operation of the power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting the steady-state phase (steady state) of the system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting a stage of shutdown power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the second embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention

On Fig presents a schematic view depicting the electrical connections in the power supply system (module energy production) in accordance with the option run and the device.

On Fig presents a block diagram schematically depicting the sequence of actions of the system power source in accordance with a second embodiment of the execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the initial stage of operation (standby) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the starting stage (part 1) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the starting stage (part 2) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the steady-state stage (part 1) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the steady-state stage (part 2) system power source in accordance with a variant of the implementation of the program.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating a stage stop (part 1) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating a stage stop (part 2) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating a stage stop work (part 3) system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a third embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a fourth embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On figa and B shows, schematically depicting a first example of construction of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa and B shows, schematically depicting a second example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable to moduleservice energy in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment the means for collecting by-product, applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On figa-48S shows, schematically depicting various operations to save byproduct means for collecting by-product in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment of a means for determining the residual amount applicable for the system power source in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a view depicting the starting stage of the system operation of the power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting the steady-state phase (steady state) of the system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a view depicting a stage of shutdown power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the first embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram schematically depicting the sequence of actions of the system history is nick power.

On Fig presents characteristics representing the time variation of the output voltage of the system power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the second embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a third embodiment of the module energy yield applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment the means for collecting by-product, applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment funds stabilize fuel, applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment funds stabilize fuel, applicable to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig depicts the conceptual view of the operation, illustrating the starting stage of the system operation of the power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig depicts conceptualise representation of the function, illustrating the stage of shutdown power source in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa-63G presented in the ISO image, schematically illustrating specific examples of a variety of external forms used for system power source in accordance with the present invention.

On figa-S presented in the ISO image, schematically depicting the relationship of correspondence between external forms used for system power source according to the present invention, and the external forms a galvanic cell for General use.

On figa-N shows, schematically illustrating the external shape of the fuel block and site holder system power source in accordance with a first variant implementation of the present invention.

On figa and V presents a side view and a cross-section depicting an attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa-67G shows, schematically showing a fuel cell power system of the power source in accordance with a second embodiment of implementation of the present invention and the external shape of the fuel block.

On figa and V presents a side view and cross section, Fig is concerned with attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with a variant of execution.

On figa-69F shows, schematically showing a fuel cell power system of the power source in accordance with a third alternative implementation of the present invention and the external shape of the fuel block.

On figa-70C shows, schematically depicting an attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in an embodiment.

On figa-71F shows, schematically showing a fuel cell power system of the power source in accordance with the fourth alternative implementation of the present invention and the external shape of the fuel block.

On figa-72S shows, schematically depicting an attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with a variant of execution.

On Fig presented in the ISO image with the local section, illustrating a specific example of the structure of the whole system power source in accordance with the present invention.

On Fig presented in ISO image illustrating an example of the construction site of the reforming fuel, applicable for the particular example design.

On Fig presents perspective representation illustrating another example of the construction site reformer that is Liwa, specific example design.

On Fig presents a view depicting the trend of changes over time of the output voltage (electromotive force) of a galvanic cell for General use.

On Fig presents a view depicting a characteristic of the electromotive force in the fuel element for the issuance of a constant voltage.

The best option of carrying out the invention

The following describes embodiments of the system power source in accordance with the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

First described in conjunction with the drawings taken in whole, the basic principles to which is applied the power supply system in accordance with the present invention.

On figa and 1B depicts the conceptual view illustrating the application of the system power source in accordance with the present invention.

For example, as shown in figa and 1B, a part or the whole system 301 power supply in accordance with the present invention can be arbitrarily attached (see arrow P1) to an existing electrical/electronic device DVC (figa and 1B shows a personal digital assistant, which is below the generally referred to as "device") and disconnected from him, which operates from the primary element and secondary element is a General purpose, as well as special electrical/electronic devices. System 301 of the power source is performed so that part of it or all can be independently portable. In the system 301 power supply provided by the electrodes, the positive electrode and the negative electrode, for supplying power to the device DVC in a predetermined position (for example, the position equivalent to the primary element and secondary element General purpose, as described below).

The following describes the basic design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention.

On figa-2C presents a flowchart depicting the basic design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention.

As shown in figa, the system 301 power supply in accordance with the present invention includes: a fuel cell unit 20 (the download site fuel), in which the loaded fuel FL for energy production, consisting of a liquid fuel and/or gaseous fuel; module 10 energy for generating electricity EG (energy) in accordance with the state of actuation (load status) device DVC, based at least on the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20; and a front-end node 30 (below abbreviated as referred to the to "interface node"), provided with a channel or similar means for supplying fuel to fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, the module 10 energy. Corresponding elements are made so that they can be connected and disconnected from each other (attached and detached) in a random match, or they can be made integrally. In this case, as shown in figa, the front-end node 30 can be performed regardless of the fuel block 20 and module 10 energy or completed United way or fuel unit 20 or module 10 energy, as shown in figv and 2C. Alternatively, the front-end node 30 can be performed are divided as to the fuel unit 20, and the module 10 energy.

Below describes in detail the design of each block.

[The first version of the runtime]

(A) the Module 10 energy

Figure 3 presents a block diagram depicting the first embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, and figure 4 presents a schematic view depicting the structure of the system power source in accordance with this variant of execution.

As shown in figure 3, the module 10A of energy production in accordance with this variant is ntom run continuously and autonomously generates a predetermined electric power (second electric power) with the use of fuel for energy production, supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the interface node 30A, and throws it in the form of electricity actuation (power controller) to the controller CNT, which is included in the device DVC, connected at least to the system 301 power source, and controls the actuation of the load LD (element or module having various kinds of functions of the device DVC). Ensures that the node 11 AUX power (the second tool power source) to produce energy in the form of operating energy for the following node 13 of the control operation, which is located in the module 10A power production. In addition, the module 10A energy contains: node 13 control that operates using electric power supplied from the node 11 to the source of auxiliary power, and controls the operating state of the entire system 301 power supply; site 12 energy (one power supply), which has a heater (heating means)provided in according to the needs, generates a predetermined electric power (first electric power) resulting from the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the interface node 30A, or the specified fuel (fuel component)extracted from Topley the and for energy production, and displays it, at least in the form of electricity actuation load to carry out the functions of different types (load LD) device DVC connected to the system 301 power supply; site 14 control output, which at least controls the amount of fuel to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy production, and/or controls the temperature of the heater node 12 energy generation, based on the control signal from node 13 control; site 15 launch control, at least for control transfer (actuation) of the node 12 energy generation from standby mode of operation in which produces energy based on the control signal from node 13 management work; and the node 16 of the control voltage node of the voltage detection) to determine the change component of the voltage of the electric power (electric power control or power actuation load)issued from module 10A power production (node 11 AUX power and node 12 energy) to the device DVC.

As shown in figure 4, node 12 energy contains: node 210A reformer fuel (device reformer fuel) to extract a predetermined fuel component (hydrogen)contained in the fuel FL for you is abode energy, through the use of predetermined reforming reaction in the fuel-FL for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20; and a node 210b of a fuel cell for generating predetermined electric power to actuate the device DVC and/or load LD through electrochemical reactions that use fuel extracted node 210A of the reforming fuel.

Node 210A reformer fuel (device reformer fuel) contains: node H reaction of the steam reforming process, which takes fuel formed from the alcohol and water in the fuel block 20, from node 14a fuel management node 14 control output and produces hydrogen, carbon dioxide as a by-product and a small amount of carbon monoxide; node 210Y reaction conversion of water, which causes the flow of carbon monoxide from node H reaction of steam reforming and the water flow from node 14a fuel management and/or node 210b of the fuel element and forms carbon dioxide and hydrogen; and site 210Z selective oxidation the reaction for the reaction of carbon monoxide, which has not entered into reaction in the host 210Y reaction conversion of water to oxygen and formation of carbon dioxide. Therefore, the node 210A reformer fuel supplies to the node 210b of the fuel cell the hydrogen produced in the reformer of the fuel loaded in topl is wny block 20, and performs detoxification to negligible quantities produced carbon monoxide. I.e. the node 210b fuel cell generates electricity supply, consisting of a power controller and power actuation of the load, through the use of gaseous hydrogen with a high density formed in the node H reaction of steam reforming and the node 210Y reaction conversion water.

In this case, the node 13, the operation control node 14 control output 15 control start and node 16 of the control voltage in accordance with this option run be means of the control system in the present invention. In addition, the system 301 of the power source and the device DVC in accordance with this option run is made so that the electric power supply, the output from the following site 12 energy, usually served on the controller CNT and the load LD of the device DVC through a single terminal EL of the electrode.

Therefore, the system 301 power supply in accordance with this option run made so that she can give a predetermined electric power (electric power actuation load) in relation to the device DVC connected to the system 301 power source regardless of supply or fuel management from outside the system (not from the module 10 energy,fuel block 20 and the front-end node 30).

<Site 11 AUX power>

As shown in figure 3, the node 11 AUX power applied to the module energy production in accordance with this option run-shaped so that it is always offline generates a predetermined electric power (second electric power)required for the start-up phase of operation of the system 301 of the power source, through the use of physical or chemical energy or similar fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A. This electricity in the first approximation consists of energy E1 and the electric power E2. The energy E1 is constantly supplied in the form of electricity actuation (power controller) controller CNT, which is included in the device DVC and manages the status of the implementation of various functions of the form (load LD), and the working power of the node 13 performance management managing the operational status of the module 10A power production. The energy E2 is served in the form of electricity start-up voltage/electric current), at least on node 14 control output (node 12 energy can be included depending on the design) and the node 15 launch control at the time of the start of the module 10A power production.

As a specific structure of the node 11, the source is an auxiliary power supply can be best applied, for example, a site that uses an electrochemical reaction (fuel cell)fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, or a site that uses thermal energy (energy production on the basis of the temperature difference)resulting from the reaction of catalytic combustion, etc. you can also use a site that uses the conversion of the kinetic energy (the energy of the gas turbine or the like, which produces a rotation of the power generator by using the pressure of the fuel loading (FL to generate the energy contained in the fuel block 20A, or the pressure of the gas generated by evaporation fuel and produces electricity, the node, which captures the electrons generated as a result of metabolism (photosynthesis, aspiration, or the like) due to the microorganisms, the power source is a fuel FL for energy production and directly convert the electrons into electricity (biochemical energy production), the node, which converts the vibrational energy generated by the fuel energy fuel FL for energy production, based on the pressure load or pressure of the gas into electricity through the use of electromagnetic induction (generation-based energy fluctuations), the node using the discharge from the block of storage media, power, such as a secondary element (battery charger) or a capacitor, the node that stores the electricity generated by each constituent element that performs the above-described energy production in the means of storage of electricity (for example, secondary element, a capacitor), and emits (discharges) and others.

Below describes each a specific example with reference to the accompanying drawings.

(The first example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

Figure 5 presents a view depicting a first example of construction of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this option run. In this case, the example is described appropriately with reference to the structure of the above system power supply (figure 3).

In the first example design as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply has the design of a fuel cell with a proton exchange membrane, using the system of direct fuel, whereby the fuel is used FL for energy directly supplied from the fuel unit 20A, and the electric power (second electric power) is produced in the electrochemical reaction.

As shown in figure 5, the node 11A source is an auxiliary power supply in accordance with this example design, mainly includes: a fuel electrode 111 (cathode)consisting of a carbon electrode to which were attached predefined small catalyst particles; air electrode 112 (anode)consisting of a carbon electrode to which were attached predefined small particles of the catalyst; an ion-conductive membrane 113 (exchange membrane)installed between the fuel electrode 111 and the air electrode 112. In this case, the fuel for energy production (e.g., substance-based alcohol, such as methanol and water), loaded in the fuel block 20A, directly on the fuel electrode 111, and gaseous oxygen (O2in the air is fed to the air electrode 112.

As an example, the electrochemical reaction in the node 11A of the AUX power (fuel cell) specifically, when methanol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) directly served to the fuel electrode 111, as shown in the following chemical equation (1), electron (e-) separated by a catalyst, and forms a hydrogen ion (proton; H+), and passes on a part of the air electrode 112 through an ion-conductive membrane 113. In addition, the electron (e-) is captured carbon electrode constituting the fuel electrode 111, and supplied to the load 114 (predefined structural nodes inside and saraikistan power source; in this case, the controller N device DVC, the node 13, the operation control node 12 energy, the node 14 output management etc). It should be noted that a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2other than hydrogen ions formed by the catalyst is produced in the air by, for example, the fuel electrode 111.

On the other hand, when air (oxygen O2) is fed to the air electrode 112, the electron (e-), which has passed through the load 114 under the action of catalysis, hydrogen ion (H+), which has passed through an ion-conductive membrane 113, and gaseous oxygen (O2in the air react with each other to form water (H2O).

This sequence of electrochemical reactions (chemical equations (1) and (2)) occurs in the environment at a relatively low temperature, which is approximately equal to room temperature. In this case, in collecting water (H2O) as a by-product generated at the air electrode 112, and supply the necessary amount of water on the part of the fuel electrode 111 it can be reused as a starting material catalysis indicated by chemical equation (1), and can be significantly reduced amount of water (H2O, previously stored (loaded) in the fuel block 20A. Therefore, the capacity of the fuel unit 20A can be significantly reduced, and the node 11 AUX power can continuously work for a long time, feeding a predetermined electric power. It should be noted that the design of the means for collecting by-product, which collects and reuses a by-product, such as water (H2O)formed on the air electrode 112, described below, together with the structure similar to the following node 12 energy production.

As a result of application of the fuel cell having such a structure, the source node of the auxiliary power supply, because it does not require peripheral design compared to other systems (for example, type the following fuel cell reformer fuel), the design of the unit 11A source auxiliary power supply can be simplified and minimized, and a predetermined amount of fuel for energy production is automatically given to the node 11A of the AUX power (fuel electrode 111) under the action of capillary phenomena through the channel transfer fuel, provided in the front-end node 30A, using only very simple operations, such as connection, fuel block 20A module 10A generation saving and, thereby initiating and continuing the work on energy production, based on the above chemical equations (1) and (2).

Therefore, a predetermined electric power is always offline is produced by the node 11A source of auxiliary power as long as long as the fuel supply for power generation from the fuel unit 20A, and this electricity can be served as a power for the controller of the device DVC and the working power for the node 13 control and power start node 12 energy generation or node 14 output management. In addition, in the above fuel cell, since electricity is directly generated in the electrochemical reaction with the use of fuel for energy production, can be implemented with a very high efficiency of energy production. Also, can be effectively used fuel for power generation, and can be minimized module energy production, which includes the source node of the auxiliary power supply. In addition, because not generated vibration or noise, this design can be used for a variety of devices, similar to the primary element and secondary element for General use.

In a fuel cell according to this example design, and, although below is a description of using only methanol as fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, the present invention is not limited to this and may be sufficient any liquid fuel, liquefied fuel and gaseous fuel, comprising at least elementary hydrogen. Specifically, you can use liquid fuel alcohol-based, such as the above-mentioned methanol, ethanol or butanol, liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, such as dimethyl alcohol, isobutane, natural gas (liquefied natural gas) or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas. In particular, it is best to use this fuel, which is in a gaseous state at predetermined ambient conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, when the supply of fuel from unit 20A on the node 11A source of auxiliary power.

(Second example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

On figa and 6B presents views depicting a second example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power applied to the module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the second example of construction, as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is design is in the form of the device generate energy, which actuates a motor driven pressure (gas turbine) through the energy of pressure (pressure load or pressure of the gas fuel to generate the energy contained in the fuel block 20A, and converts the energy of motion into electricity.

As shown in figa and 6B, the node 11B source of auxiliary power in accordance with this example structure includes: a moveable disk a with blades shaped so that many of the blades are curved in a predetermined direction along the circumference, are arranged in the direction along the circumference, so are essentially radially, and are rotatably; a generator 125 energy, which is directly connected with the center of rotation of the rolling disk a blades and converts the rotational energy of the rolling disk a with the blades into electricity based on the well-known principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion; fixed disk 122b with blades made so many blades are curved in the opposite direction to the direction of the rolling disk a with blades along the outer peripheral part of the rolling disk a with blades, are located essentially radially and relatively stationary with respect to the rolling disk a with blades; node 123 controls the suction is to control the supply of gaseous fuels for energy generation (fuel gas) to the gas turbine 122, consisting of a movable disk a blades and the stationary disk 122b with the blades; and the node 124 management release management release fuel to generate energy after passing through the gas turbine 122. In this case, in the construction site 11V source of auxiliary power generated in the gas turbine 122, node 123 control suction and node 124 release management, site 11V source auxiliary power supply can be integrated and formed, for example, in a small cavity on one silicon chip 121 by applying the method of micromachining and other methods of semiconductor manufacturing technology and the like, which is the so-called method of production by micromachining. On figa, in order to clarify the design of the gas turbine 122, although the disc a blades and the stationary disk 122b with the blades open for convenience, they are actually closed by a cover provided on the upper part, except at the center of the rolling disk with blades, as shown in figv.

In this site 11V source of auxiliary power, for example, as shown in figv, when the fuel gas from the high pressure resulting from evaporation of liquid fuel loaded in the fuel unit 20A, is drawn (see arrow P2) from stationary di is SC 122b with the blades in the direction of rolling disk a with the blades of the gas turbine 122 via the node 123 control suction forms a vortex flow of the fuel gas along the direction of bending of the fixed disk 122b with blades, and a moveable disk a with blades rotating in a predetermined direction of the vortex flow, thus powering the generator 125 energy. The result is that the pressure energy of the fuel gas is converted into electricity using gas turbines 122 and generator 125 energy.

I.e. the fuel to generate the energy applied to node 11B source of auxiliary power in accordance with this example design, sucked in a gaseous state under high pressure, at least when opened node 123 control by suction, and the fuel is sucked into the gas turbine 122, and the movable disk a with blades rotates in a predetermined direction with a predetermined speed (or number of revolutions) as a result of gas flow based on the differential pressure created when opened node 124 release management, and the gas in the gas turbine 122 is produced on the side with lower pressure air, for example, outside air, with normal pressure, thereby generating predetermined electric power generator 125 energy.

Gaseous fuel, which contributed to the rotation of the rolling disk a blades and pressure to the who fell (was consumed energy pressure), comes out from the node 11B auxiliary source of power through the node 124 release management. By the way, in the module 10A energy, shown in figure 3, although the description is for a design with direct production of fuel gas (exhaust gas)produced from node 11 AUX power out of the system 301 of the power source, the present invention is not limited to this and may have a design for re-use of fuel gas as fuel to generate energy in the node 12 energy generation, as described in the following embodiment.

In the node 11B source of auxiliary power in accordance with this example design so fuel FL for energy (fuel gas)supplied from the fuel unit 20A, does not have to have shoremont (or flammable), and the design for the immediate release of fuel gas used for generating electricity out of the system 301 power supply, in particular, it is desirable that the fuel for power generation had necrorealist or resistance to fire and was not toxic, whereas the production of fuel FL to generate energy as exhaust gas. Incidentally, it goes without saying that the processing required to improve stand the STI to ignition or treatment for detoxification before the release of exhaust gas to the outside, if the fuel for energy production contains a substance having shoremont or includes a toxic component.

As in the node 11B source of auxiliary power in accordance with this example of construction, in the construction for generating electricity based on energy pressure of the fuel gas, the fuel gas passes only through the node 11B of the AUX power (gas turbine 122), and a byproduct (e.g., water) is not formed, as in the case of the electrochemical reaction in the above-described fuel cell. Thus, when a substance having necrorealist or resistance to fire, but which is not toxic, it is used as fuel for energy or when you are using design to perform processing for improving the resistance to ignition or treatment for detoxification before the release of fuel to generate energy out of the system 301 power supply, even if the fuel for energy production is a substance that is resistant to fire or toxicity, is not necessary to create a means for collecting exhaust gas.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the source node of the auxiliary power supply, similarly to the aforementioned first example design is, fuel FL to generate power with high pressure (fuel gas) can be fed automatically to the node 11B of the AUX power (gas turbine 122) through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A of energy, and can be started and continued energy production. Also, a predetermined electric power is always automatically generated by the node 11B source of auxiliary power, as long as the fuel supply FL for energy production, thereby giving this power to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

(Third example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

On figa-7C presents views depicting a third example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the third example design as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy, which actuates a motor driven pressure (rotary-piston engine) through the energy of pressure (pressure load or pressure of gas) fuel FL to expressed ODI energy, loaded in the fuel block 20A, and converts the energy to actuate into electricity.

As shown in the drawings, the node 11S source of auxiliary power in accordance with a third example structure includes: a housing 131 having a working cavity a, the cross section of which is essentially elliptical; the rotor 132, which rotates around the Central shaft 133 along the inner wall of the working cavity a and has an essentially triangular cross-section; and a power generator (not shown)directly connected to the Central shaft 133. In this case, with regard to the design of the site 11S source of auxiliary power, the node 11S source auxiliary power supply can be integrated and formed, for example, in the small cavity of the order of a millimetre in the application of the method of production by micromachining, similarly to each of the above-mentioned variant of execution.

Node 11S source of auxiliary power, with this construction, the working cavity a is maintained essentially at normal temperature. When the fuel is loaded in liquid form into the working cavity a from the inlet openings 134a, the fuel evaporates and expands, there is a difference between the atmospheric pressure in the respective working chambers formed by the inner wall of rabotapolska a and rotor 132, through support from the exhaust holes 134b low pressure, such as normal pressure. As shown in figa-7C, the inner periphery of the rotor 132 rotates along the outer periphery of the Central shaft 133 under the pressure of the fuel gas in the flow of the evaporated fuel gas from the inlet 134a to the outlet 134b (arrow P3). The result is that the pressure energy of the fuel gas is converted into energy of rotation of the Central shaft 133 and is then converted into electricity through a power generator connected to the Central shaft 133.

In this case, as the power generator used for this example design, the best way to apply the power generator using a well-known principle, for example, electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion, similarly to the aforementioned second example design.

In this example design, also used as the design for generating electricity based on energy pressure of the fuel gas, the fuel gas passes only through the node 11S source of auxiliary power (working cavity a in the casing 131) for generating electricity, and therefore, the fuel gas does not have to have shoremont (or Flammability) is as fuel for energy generation. It is best to apply the fuel gas, while it is a substance, which becomes the fuel gas under high pressure, which evaporates and expands to a predetermined volume, expressed in units of volume, at least under predetermined environmental conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, when it is served on site 11S source of auxiliary power.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the source node of the auxiliary power supply, similarly to each of the above-mentioned variant of execution, the fuel FL for energy generation under high pressure (fuel gas) is automatically given to the site 11S source of auxiliary power (working cavity a) through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A of energy, and can be started and continued operation of power generation. Also, a predetermined electric power can always be generated by Autonomous node 11S source of auxiliary power, as long as the fuel supply FL for energy production, thereby supplying electricity to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

(Fourth example of the construction site IP is student auxiliary power)

On figa-8C presents a schematic kinds of design, depicting a fourth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the fourth example of construction, as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy, which generates electricity through energy generation thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference caused by the formation of thermal energy, based on the reaction of catalytic combustion of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A.

As shown in figa, node 11D source of auxiliary power in accordance with the fourth example of the design has a design power generator based on the temperature difference, mainly containing the node 141 of catalytic combustion to produce heat, put fuel FL for energy generation catalytic combustion; node 142 fixed temperature to maintain essentially fixed temperature and element 143 thermoelectric conversion connected between ends of the first and second temperatures, and the node 141 catalytic combustion is defined as the end of the first temperature and the node 142 fixed temperature as of the end of the second temperature. In this case, as shown in figv, item 143 thermoelectric conversion has a construction in which the ends of MA and MB of semiconductors or metals of the two species (below referred to as "metal or the like" for the sake of convenience) are connected to each other (for example, metal or the like MV is connected with both ends of the metal or other MA), and the corresponding connection nodes N1 and N2 are connected respectively to the node 141 catalytic combustion (the end with the first temperature) and the node 142 fixed point (the end with the second temperature). The node 142 fixed temperature, for example, is the design, which stands continually open to the outside air through an opening or the like provided for the device DVC, the system 301 power supply is attached and supports essentially a fixed temperature. With regard to the design of the site 11D source of auxiliary power, consisting of the depicted power generator based on the temperature difference, similarly to each of the above-mentioned variant implementation, the node 11D source auxiliary power supply can be integrated and formed in a small cavity in the application of the method of production by micromachining.

Node 11D source of auxiliary power, with this construction, as shown in figs,when the fuel FL for energy production (working gas, formed by combustion products), loaded in the fuel unit 20A, is supplied to the node 141 catalytic combustion through the front-end node 30A, heat is produced by the reaction of catalytic combustion, and increases the temperature of the node 141 catalytic combustion (the end with the first temperature). On the other hand, since the node 142 fixed temperature is performed so as to maintain its temperature is essentially constant, there is a temperature difference between the node 141 catalytic combustion and node 142 fixed temperature. Then, there is formed a predetermined electromotive force, and the generated electric power in thermoelectric effect element 143 thermoelectric conversion based on this temperature difference.

Specifically, in cases where the temperature at the end with the first temperature (connecting node N1) is defined as The temperature at the end of the second temperature (connecting node N2) - as b (<TA), if the difference between the temperatures TA and b small, there is a voltage Vab=Sab×(TA-b) between the output terminals OA and Ob, shown in figv. In this case, Sab represents the relative ratio of thermopower (Seebeck coefficient) of metal or other MA and MB.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the s, for source node of the auxiliary power supply, similarly to each of the above examples design, fuel for energy (liquid fuel or liquefied fuel, or gaseous fuel) is automatically applied to the node 11D source of auxiliary power (site 141 catalytic combustion) through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A of energy production, thus formed thermal energy resulting from the reaction of catalytic combustion, and can be started and continued operation of the energy generation by the power generator based on the temperature difference. Also, a predetermined electric power can always be generated by node 11D source of auxiliary power, as long as the fuel supply FL for energy production, thereby giving this power to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

Although the description given in relation to the power generator based on the temperature difference, which generates electricity to thermoelectric effect, based on the temperature difference between the node 141 catalytic combustion and node 142 fixed temperature in this example design, the present invention is not ogran is ensured and this can be of a design in which electricity is produced based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission emission, in which free electrons are emitted by the metal surface by heating the metal.

(Fifth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

On figa and 9B presents a diagram depicting a fifth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the fifth example of construction, as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply has a structure in the form of the device generate energy, which generates electricity through the development of thermoelectric energy conversion, using the temperature difference caused when the fuel FL for energy (liquid fuel), loaded in the fuel block 20A, absorbs thermal energy generated on the basis of the reaction of evaporation.

As shown in figa, node 11TH source of auxiliary power in accordance with the fifth example of the design has a design power generator based on the temperature difference, mainly containing the node 151 retain heat and cold for the conservation of heat and cold, implemented by absorption of thermal energy, when the evaporated fuel FL to vyrabotki the energy (in particular, liquefied fuel); node 152 fixed temperature to maintain essentially fixed temperature and element 153 thermoelectric conversion connected between ends of the first and second temperatures, and node 151 conservation of heat and cold is defined as the end with the first temperature and the node 152 fixed temperature as the end with the second temperature. In this case, the element 153 thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to the structure shown in the above-mentioned fourth example of the structure (see Fig). In addition, the node 152 fixed temperature is performed so as to maintain essentially a fixed temperature by contact with other areas or leaving unprotected other areas within and outside the system 301 power supply. Incidentally, with regard to the design node 11TH source of auxiliary power, consisting of a power generator based on the temperature difference shown in the drawings, the node 11TH source auxiliary power supply is integrated and formed in a small cavity, similarly to each of the above-mentioned example design.

Node 11TH source of auxiliary power, with this construction, as shown in figv, when the fuel FL for energy (liquefied fuel), I is defined in the fuel block 20A under conditions with a predetermined pressure, served on the node 11TH auxiliary source of power through the front-end node 30A and converted into a state with a pre-defined environment, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, vaporized fuel FL for energy production. In this case, thermal energy is absorbed from the environment, and decreases the temperature of the node 151 conservation of heat and cold. On the other hand, since the node 152 fixed temperature is performed so as to maintain its temperature is essentially constant, the temperature difference is formed between the node 151 conservation of heat and cold and node 152 fixed temperature. Then formed a predetermined electromotive force and uses electricity to thermoelectric effect element 153 thermoelectric conversion, based on this temperature difference, similarly to the above-mentioned fourth example design.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the source node of the auxiliary power supply, similarly to each of the above examples design, fuel FL for energy (liquefied fuel is automatically fed to the node 11TH generation auxiliary energy through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple surgery is, i.e. the connection of the fuel unit 20A with the module 10A of energy production, in this case, thermal energy is absorbed by the reaction evaporation, forming a heat and cold, and can be started and continued operation of power generation by the power generator based on the temperature difference. Also, a predetermined electric power is always offline can be produced by host 11TH source of auxiliary power, as long as the fuel supply FL for energy production, thereby giving this power to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

In this example design, although the description is given in relation to the power generator based on the temperature difference, which generates electricity to thermoelectric effect, based on the temperature difference between the node 151 conservation of heat and cold and node 152 fixed temperature, the present invention is not limited to this and may have a design for generating electricity based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission issue.

(The sixth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

Figure 10 presents a view depicting a sixth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in the accordance with this variant of execution.

In the sixth example design as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy, which generates electricity through the use of biochemical reactions in the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A.

As shown in figure 10, node 11F source of auxiliary power in accordance with the sixth example of the structure mainly includes: tank 161 with biocultural, which stores the microbes or the biocatalyst BIO (below which for convenience are referred to as "the microbes or the like"), which grow while maintaining fuel for energy production as a food source; and an electrode a on the side of the anode and the electrode 161b on the side of the cathode provided in the tank 161 with biocultural. In this design through fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20A via the interface node 30A metabolism, etc.(biochemical reaction), such as aspiration microbes or the like BIO, is created in the tank 161 with biocultural, and is formed of an electron (e-). The capture of the electron electrode a part of the anode may generate a predetermined electric power to the output terminals OA and Ob.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this construction, site IP is the source of auxiliary power, similarly, each of the above examples design, fuel FL to produce energy, which can be a food source for microbes or the like, MHA, is automatically given to the site 11F source of auxiliary power supply (reservoir 161 with biocultural) through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A energy, and starts the operation of power generation in the biochemical reactions of microbes or the like SIV. Also, a predetermined electric power is always offline can be produced, while continuing the supply of fuel for energy production, thereby giving this power to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

In biochemical reactions, in the case of electricity generation in the use of photosynthetic microbes or the like SIV, a predetermined electric power can continuously and autonomously generated and fed through application of, for example, a structure in which external light can enter through holes or the like, provided in the device DVC is attached to the system 301 to the power source.

(The seventh example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

On figa and 11B shows depicting the seventh when the EP design of the source node of the auxiliary power supply, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the seventh example design as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy, which converts the energy of the vibrations created by the movement of fluid fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, into electricity.

As shown in figa, node 11G source of auxiliary power in accordance with the seventh example of the design has a design in the form of a power generator on the basis of fluctuations, mainly comprising: a cylindrical vibrator 171, which is made so that at least one end part may oscillate when the fuel for power generation, consisting of a liquid or gas moves in a predetermined direction, and has an electromagnetic coil 173 provided on its oscillating end a; and a stator 172, which are inserted into the vibrator has a permanent magnet 174 provided for to counteract the electromagnetic coil 173, and does not generate oscillations relative to the movement of fuel for energy production. In such a structure, as shown in figv, fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20A via the interface usela vibrator 171 (oscillating end a) creates an oscillation with a predetermined amount of fluctuation relative to the stator 172 in the direction (arrow P4 in the drawing), essentially orthogonal to the direction of flow of fuel FL for energy production. As a result of this oscillation varies the relative position between the permanent magnet 174 and the electromagnetic coil 173, and this results in the electromagnetic induction, thereby obtaining a predetermined electric power through electromagnetic coil 173.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the source node of the auxiliary power supply, similar to the above each example design, fuel FL to generate energy in the form of fluid is automatically given to the node 11G source of auxiliary power through the front-end node 30A through only a very simple operation, i.e. connection, fuel block 20A module 10A energy, and starts the operation of generation of the result of the conversion of the vibration energy of the vibrator 171, caused by fluid motion. Also, a predetermined electric power can continuously and autonomously produced, as long as the fuel supply FL for energy production, thus supplying electricity to a pre-selected designs inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

Each of the above-mentioned example design illustrates only the individual with the EP node 11 source of auxiliary power, used for module 10A of energy production, and is not a limitation of the design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention. Briefly, the node 11 source auxiliary power supply is used with the present invention, may have any other structure as long as the electricity may be generated within the node 11 source of auxiliary power, based on the action on energy conversion, such as electrochemical reactions, electromagnetic induction, heat generation or temperature difference caused by the endothermic reaction when directly fed a liquid fuel or liquefied fuel, or gaseous fuel loaded in the fuel block 20A. For example, it may be a combination of the engine, driven by gas pressure, not in the form of a gas turbine or rotary-piston engine with generator of energy using electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion. Alternatively, as described below, can be applied to the design, which includes nakaplivalsya the electric power tool (condensing unit) in addition to the unit of energy, equivalent to each of the above-mentioned node 11 source of auxiliary power, electric power (second electric power)generated by node 1 source of auxiliary power, partially accumulated, and then it can be served as an electricity start to node 12 energy generation or node 14 control output during start system 301 power source (node 12 energy generation).

(Eighth example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power)

On Fig, Fig-15 and Fig-18 presents a schematic kinds of design, showing the eighth example of the design and operating status of the source node of the auxiliary power applied to the module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution, and the arrows along the connections drawings indicate the directions in which the electric current.

As shown in Fig, the node 11N source of auxiliary power in accordance with the eighth example of the design is made so that, in General, contains: device 181 energy generation (for example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply described in each above example design), capable of autonomously producing electric power (second electric power), when the fuel FL for energy (liquid fuel or liquefied fuel, or gaseous fuel), loaded in a fuel cell unit 20, directly through the fuel supply pipes provided in the front-end node 30, under the action of capillary phenomena; node 182 storage the charge, which stores part of the energy produced by the device 181 energy, and consists of a secondary element, a capacitor or the like; and the switch 183 to switch and install the store and discharge electricity at node 182 storage charge based on the control signal from node 13 to control the operation.

In this design the power produced by the device 181 energy, which is constantly driven, while continuing the supply of fuel to generate energy from the fuel block, appears in the form of electric power controller of the device DVC and the working power of the node 13 management work, and some of this power appropriately is stored in the node 182 storing charge by a switch 183. Then, for example, when the node 13 control determines the start of operation of the device DVC (load LD) by determining the change of the voltage of the power supply via node 16 checking voltage, the connection state of the switch 183 is changed based on the signal control operation, the output node 13 of the control operation, and the electric power stored in the node 182 storage charge, served as the electromotive force at node 12 energy generation or node 14 control output.

In this case, when the charge in the node 182 is wound charge, consumed by node 12 energy production or Assembly 14 output control is reduced to some extent because the device DVC is driven for a long period of time, can be controlled so that the node 182 storage charge could not fully discharged by switching node 12 energy to supply power to the device DVC and the node 182 storage charge. In addition, the device 181 energy can continuously carry out the charge of the node 182 storage charge, while node 12 energy delivers power to the device DVC. Incidentally, in the following second embodiment, by applying this example design as node 11 source auxiliary power supply node 13 control determines the functioning of the device DVC (load LD), and outputs the control signal to switch the connection state of the switch 183 by receiving via a terminal node ELx information about the actuation of the load, which is displayed by the controller CNT of the device DVC and indicates that the load LD is powered on from an off state and is switched to an on state.

In accordance with the source node of the auxiliary power supply having such a construction, therefore, even if the energy generated per unit time us what device 181 energy, set small (weak electric power, electric power having a relatively high characteristic energy of activation, can be enjoyed on site 12 energy generation or node 14 output management by immediate discharge of energy accumulated in the node 182 storage charge. Thus, as the ability of a power generation device 181 energy can be set sufficiently low, can be minimized by the design of the unit 11 of the source of auxiliary power.

As the source node of the auxiliary power supply in accordance with this example of structure, as shown in Fig-15, it is possible to apply a structure in which an excluded device 181 energy and provides only the node 182 storage battery consisting of a pre-charged capacitor.

Depicted on Fig-15 node 182 storage charge has a function to supply power to the node 14 control output when the switch 183a in accordance with the needs in addition to functions, is able to continuously supply electric power to the controller for the controller CNT and electricity actuation load to the load LD terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode to the device DVC.

The controller CNT has a function that causes the expansion of the switch LS to supply power to the load LD, when the device DVC is triggered by actuation by the operator of the device DVC or for some other reason.

Node 13 control has a function to determine the status of storage of electric charge in the node 182 storage charge. Node 13 control includes a switch 183a, actuates the node 14 control output and starts the node 12 energy only when the amount of stored electric charge in the node 182 storage charge is insufficient, regardless of the state of actuation of the load LD.

In such a structure on Fig shows a case when the switch LS is turned off, because the load LD of the device DVC is not driven and is in the standby mode, and the node 182 storage battery supplies the electric power to the controller CNT. At this point, because the node 182 storage battery stores electrical charge, which is sufficient for supplying a predetermined quantity of electricity, the node 13, the control turns off the switch 183a.

On pig case is shown, similarly when set to standby mode, but the node 13 control determines a decrease of the magnitude of the charge of the node 182 storage of charge is below a predetermined amount, and includes a switch 183a. Node 14 control output starts to supply electric power from the node 182 storage charge and p which gives a predetermined amount of fuel or the like the fuel supply unit 20 to the node 12 energy production. Also, the node 14 output management delivers the electricity to the host 12 energy so that the heater node 12 energy reaches a predetermined temperature over a predetermined time. As a result, the node 12 energy generates electricity, the node 182 storage battery switches battery for storing electric charge through the use of this power and maintains the standby mode with the discharge energy to continue the actuation of the controller CNT. Then, from this state, when a predetermined amount of electric charge is accumulated in the node 182 storing charge, the node 13, the control switches the switch 183a in the above-mentioned off state, as shown in Fig.

On Fig shows the case when the switch LS is enabled by the controller CNT, which had determined that was the start of the device DVC operator of the device DVC or for some other reason. When the node 13, the control determines that the amount of electric charge stored in the node 182 storage battery has decreased below a predetermined value in the expenditure of energy in the load LD and the controller CNT of the device DVC, the node 13, the control includes a switch 183a, NGF is tianyoude as a management node start, and the node 14 control output actuates a node 12 energy for energy production, thereby feeding the charge into the node 182 storage charge. Then, when there will be a sufficient accumulation of electric charge in the node 182 storing electric charge, the node 13, the control detects this and turns off the switch 183a to stop the production of energy in the node 12 energy generation and actuation node 13 of the control.

The threshold value corresponding to the amount of charge in the node 182 storage charge when the node 13 management work has identified that the switch 183a must be enabled, and the threshold value corresponding to the amount of charge in the node 182 storage charge, when it is determined that the switch 183a should be turned off, can be set up so that they were essentially equal to each other, and the threshold value to turn off the switch 183a may be set to a larger value.

In the power supply system having such a structure, the structure and functioning of this system differs from the system described above the power source shown in Fig, because: the source node of the auxiliary power supply has the function of generating electricity; node 12 energy generates electricity in accordance with the state of charge of the node 182 storage charge regardless of the state of actuation of the load LD; node 13 control determines the state of charge of the node 182 storage charge and then controls the switch 183a and the node 182 storage battery supplies the electric power to the device DVC. Further, since the power supply system has such a structure, it is sufficient that the node 12 energy controls energy production and stops energy production only depending on the amount of charge of the electric charge in the node 182 storage charge without obtaining information about the actuation of the load from the controller CNT of the device DVC. Therefore, the terminal node ELx to enter information about bringing the load is no longer needed, and can be applied to the terminal design with dual electrode, which leads to the advantage that a high compatibility with any other normal item. In addition, because the node 182 storage charge as the source node of the auxiliary power supply is not constantly consumes the fuel in the fuel unit 20 for generating electricity, while the stopped node 12 energy generation, there is the advantage that the fuel in the fuel unit 20 is not consumed inefficiently. Moreover, there is also the advantage that the device DVC should not include circuitry for transmitting information about the actuation load is from the controller CNT of the system power source.

The other power supply system having a source node of the auxiliary power storage type of charge, in accordance with this structural example is described below with reference to Fig-18.

On Fig-18 node 182 storage charge has a function to supply power to the node 14 control output through the switch 183b in accordance with the requirements to give effect to the node 12 energy generation, in addition to the constant power controller to the controller CNT from terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode to the device DVC.

The controller CNT has the function enable switch LS to supply power to the load LD, when the device DVC is activated by the operator of the device DVC or for some other reason.

Node 13 control has the function of determining the state of the storage of electric charge in the node 182 storage charge. Node 13 control includes a switch 183b and actuates the node 14 control output, causing the production of electricity by node 12 energy only when there is a sufficient amount of electric charge stored in the node 182 storage charge, regardless of the state of actuation of the load LD. In addition, the node 13, the control includes a switch s and what gives you energy, produced in the node 12 energy, together with energy node 182 storage battery as a power controller for the controller CNT and power actuation load to the load LD.

On Fig depicted in this structure, the case when the node 13, the control turns off the switch 183 (switch 183b and switch s) and stops the node 12 energy and node 14 control output, and the node 182 storage battery supplies the electric power to the controller CNT, when the device DVC is in standby mode, and the node 13, the control determines that the node 182 storage battery has a sufficient electric charge stored in it.

On Fig shows a case where, if the device DVC is in the standby mode, and the node 13, the control determines that the electric charge stored in the node 182 storage charge is decreased to a predetermined value, and the process of reducing slow, because the load LD is not driven, the node 13, the control includes a switch 183b and includes a switch s for power actuation from node 182 storage charge on node 14 control output, thereby operate the node 14 control output and the node 12 energy, and electric charge is stored in node 182 storing the dawn of the and energy, produced in the node 12 energy production. In this case, the node 14 control output begins to feed electricity from the node 182 storage charge, delivers a predetermined quantity of fuel or the like from the fuel block 20 on node 12 energy and delivers the electricity to the host 12 energy, so that the heater node 12 energy can reach a predetermined temperature over a predetermined time. Meanwhile, the node 182 storage battery continuously supplies the electric power to the controller CNT. Then, when accumulated a predetermined amount of electric charge in the node 182 storing charge from that of the above-mentioned condition, as shown in Fig, the node 13, the control turns off the switch 183 (switch 183b and switch s).

On Fig shows the case where, because the load LD is driven by the inclusion of the switch LS controller CNT, when the node 13, the control determines that the electric charge stored in the node 182 storage charge is decreased to a predetermined value and reducing quick, because the load LD is driven, the node 13, the control includes a switch 183b and actuates the node 14 control output, causing the generation of an energy hub 12 energy production, and the node 13 control the compliance work also includes switch s and provides electricity, developed at the node 12 energy generation, together with electric power from the node 182 storage battery as a power controller for the controller CNT and energy to actuate the load to the load LD.

The amount of electricity generated per unit time in the node 12 energy may be set greater than its value when storing the electric charge in the node 182 storage charge (charging), shown in Fig.

<Site 12 energy>

Node 12 energy used for module production energy in accordance with this variant execution is as shown in figure 3, the structure for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power)required to actuate the device DVC (load LD), through the use of physical or chemical energy of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20 based on the control start node 13 management work. As a specific construction site 12 energy can be applied to various types of devices, such as a device that uses an electrochemical reaction using fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20 (fuel cell), a device that uses heat energy resulting from react and combustion (production of energy based on the temperature difference), a device that uses the action or the like for converting dynamic energy for generating electricity by rotation of the power generator in the energy use of the pressure resulting from the combustion reaction or other (power generation engine internal/external combustion), or a device for converting energy of a fluid medium or thermal energy generation fuel FL to generate energy into electricity through the use of electromagnetic induction or the like (the generator of energy on the electromagnetic mechanism of the fluid power generator on thermoacoustic effect or the like).

In this case, since the electric power (first electric power)generated by the node 12 energy production is a main source of food for various functions (load LD) of the device DVC, is set equal to the high value of the characteristic energy of activation. Therefore, when the above-described node 11 AUX power (node 182 storage charge) gives the electric power controller device DVC or working electricity or the like to the node 13 performance management node 14 output management and node 12 energy and node 12 energy delivers electricity to actuate the load to the load LD, electroenergy, supplied from the node 11 AUX power (second electric power), differs in properties from the electric power supplied from the host 12 energy production.

Each example below is briefly described with reference to the drawings.

(The first example of the construction site energy generation)

On Fig presents a view depicting a first example of the construction site energy used for module production energy in accordance with this option run-and figa and 20B presents views depicting the formation of hydrogen at the site of the reforming fuel, the use of site energy generation in accordance with this example design. In this case, the description is given with appropriate reference to the design of the above system power supply (figure 3).

In the first example of construction, as a concrete example, the node energy is the construction of a fuel cell with a proton exchange membrane using the system reforming of fuel by which the fuel is used FL for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 output management, and electricity is produced in the electrochemical reaction.

As shown in Fig, the node 12A energy made so that in General contains: node 210A reform the nga fuel (device reformer fuel) to extract a predetermined fuel component (hydrogen), contained in the fuel FL for energy production, through the use of predetermined reforming reaction in the fuel-FL for energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A, and the node 210b of a fuel cell for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power) to actuate the load 214 (device DVC or load LD) through an electrochemical reaction using the fuel component extracted by the node 210A of the reforming fuel.

As shown in figa, node H reaction of steam reforming node 210A of the reforming fuel, basically, remove the fuel component of the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 output control through each process, consisting of reactions evaporation and steam reforming. For example, in the case of formation of gaseous hydrogen (H2) with methanol (CH3HE) and water (H2O)used as fuel FL to generate the energy on the stage of vaporization of methanol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) first evaporate location of methanol and water in the form of liquid fuel into the atmosphere with a temperature approximately equal to the boiling point by the heater controlled by the node 14 control output.

Then in the reaction of steam reforming in the result set the atmosphere with a temperature of about 300° For vaporous methanol (CH3HE) and water (H2O) by use of the heater is absorbed by thermal energy of 49.4 kJ/mol and formed hydrogen (H2) and a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), as indicated in the following chemical equation (3). In the process of reforming the pair may form a small amount of carbon monoxide (CO) as a by-product in addition to oxygen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2).

In this case, as shown in figv, node 210Y with a catalyst for selective oxidation to eliminate carbon monoxide (CO), produced as a byproduct in the reaction of steam reforming, may be provided at the last stage node H reaction of the steam reforming process, so that carbon monoxide (CO) can be converted into carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) using the appropriate processes, consisting of the reaction of conversion of water and the selective oxidative reaction, thereby eliminating the release of harmful substances. Specifically, when the reaction conversion of the water in the node 210Y with a catalyst for selective oxidation produces heat energy with 40.2 kJ/mol the reaction of water (steam; H2O) with carbon monoxide (CO), and releases carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2), as indicated SL is blowing the chemical equation (4):

In addition, there may be site 210Z selective oxidation reaction at the final stage of site 210Y with a catalyst for selective oxidation. When the election oxidation reaction is a thermal energy 283,5 kJ/mol, causing the reaction of oxygen (O2) with carbon monoxide (CO), which was not converted into carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2in the reaction of conversion of water and produces carbon dioxide (CO2), as indicated in the following chemical equation (5). This site 210Z selective oxidative reaction may be provided at the last stage node H reaction of the steam reforming process.

A small amount of product (mainly carbon dioxide) in addition to the hydrogen formed in the sequence of the above-mentioned reaction of the reforming fuel is released into the air through the exhaust hole (not shown; it will be described below in the specific example of the structure)provided in the module 10A power production.

The specific design of the site reforming fuel with this function, described below in the following specific example design together with other designs.

As shown in Fig, similar to the fuel element with direct delivery Topley is a, used with the above-described node 11 source of auxiliary power, the node 210b of a fuel cell typically includes: a fuel electrode 211 (cathode)consisting of a carbon electrode to which were attached small catalyst particles, for example, of platinum, palladium, a platinum-ruthenium; the air electrode 212 (anode)consisting of a carbon electrode to which were attached small catalyst particles, for example, of platinum; and linkoeping an ion-conductive membrane (exchange membrane located between the fuel electrode 211 and the air electrode 212. In this case, gaseous hydrogen (H2extracted node 210A of the reforming fuel is supplied to the fuel electrode 211 of the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied, the value of which is controlled by the following node 14 output management, meanwhile, gaseous oxygen (O2air is fed to the air electrode 212. In the power generation is carried out through the following electrochemical reaction, and electricity, which can be pre-defined power actuation voltage/electric current is applied to the load 214 (load LD of the device DVC). Further, part of the electricity generated in the node 210b of the fuel element, is supplied to the node 14a fuel management and/or node 14 control heating of elem depending on needs.

Specifically, as an example, the electrochemical reaction in the host 12 energy generation in this example design, when gaseous hydrogen (H2) is fed to the fuel electrode 211, the electron (e-) is separated by means of catalysis in fuel electrode 211 formed hydrogen ion (proton; H+), and is supplied to a part of the air electrode 212 through an ion-conductive membrane 213, and the electron (e-) is captured carbon electrode constituting the fuel electrode 211 and supplied to the load 214, as indicated in the following chemical equation (6):

When air is supplied to the air electrode 212, the electron (e-), which has passed through the load 214 in the catalysis on the air electrode 212, hydrogen ion (H+), which has passed through an ion-conductive membrane, and gaseous oxygen (O2in the air react with each other and thus formed water (H2O), as indicated in the following chemical equation (7):

This sequence of electrochemical reactions (chemical equations (6) and (7)) occurs in the environment at a relatively low temperature, approximately 60-80°and a by-product, in addition to electricity (electricity actuate the load), basically, is only the water (H 2O). In this case, by collecting water (H2O) as a by-product generated at the air electrode 212, and supply the necessary amount of water to the above-mentioned node 210A reformer fuel water can be reused for the reaction of the reforming fuel or reaction conversion water fuel FL for energy generation can be significantly reduced amount of water (H2O), pre-stored (loaded) in the fuel unit 20A for the reaction of the reforming fuel, and can be significantly reduced collect the amount in the collection tool a by-product, which is provided in the fuel block 20A and which collects waste products. It should be noted that the design of the means for collecting by-product collection and reuse of by-product such as water (H2O)formed on the air electrode 212, described below, together with means for collecting by-product in the above node 11 source of auxiliary power.

The electricity generated in the above-described electrochemical reaction and supplied to the load 214, depends on the amount of gaseous hydrogen (H2)applied to the node 12A energy (fuel electrode 211 of the node 210b of the fuel element). The electric power supplied to the device DVC, can reg the example by controlling the amount of fuel FL for energy production (essentially gaseous hydrogen), supplied to the node 12 energy through node 14 control output, and, for example, it can be set to be equivalent to one of the galvanic elements for General use.

When using a fuel cell type reformer fuel with such a design, with site energy generation, as arbitrary power can efficiently be produced by controlling the quantity of supplied fuel FL to generate power node 14 output control can be implemented operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of operation of the device DVC (load LD), based on the information about the operation of the load. In addition, when applying the construction in the form of a fuel cell, since electricity can be produced directly from fuel FL for energy generation in the electrochemical reaction, can be implemented with a very high efficiency of energy production and can be effectively used fuel FL for energy or can be minimized module 10A power production includes the node 12 energy production.

Similarly to the above-mentioned node 11 AUX power (see the first example of the structure), although the description is given only for the case when primestats the methanol as fuel FL for energy production, the present invention is not limited to this and may be sufficient liquid fuel or liquefied fuel, or gaseous fuel, comprising at least elementary hydrogen. It is best so you can apply liquid fuel based on alcohol, such as methanol, ethanol or butanol, liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, which can evaporate at normal temperature and under normal pressure, for example dimethyl ether, isobutane or natural gas, gaseous fuels, such as hydrogen gas or the like

In the case of the use of liquid hydrogen or hydrogen gas, as in the case of fuel FL for energy production, it is possible to use a construction in which the fuel FL for energy production, the amount of which is controlled solely by the node 14 output control directly at the node 210b of the fuel element, without requiring the node 210A of the reforming fuel, such as described in this example design. In addition, although there has been described only fuel element type reformer fuel quality construction site 12 energy, the present invention is not limited to this. Similarly to the above-mentioned node 11 AUX power (see the first example of the structure), although the generation efficiency is low, m is can be applied to a fuel cell with direct fuel injection, and liquid fuels, liquefied fuel, the gaseous fuel or the like can be used to generate electricity.

(Second example of the construction site energy generation)

On figa and 21B presents views depicting a second example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the second example of construction, as a concrete example, the node energy is designed in the form of a device of power generation, which uses fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 control output drives the gas turbine internal combustion engines (internal combustion engine) under the action of the energy of the pressure resulting from the combustion reaction, and converts the energy to actuate into electrical energy.

As shown in figa and 21B, the node 12V power production in accordance with this example designs, mainly includes: a moveable disk 222 with blades shaped so that many of the blades are curved in a predetermined direction around the circumference, and the shovels 222in suction and discharge vanes 222out that are located on a circle, essentially in the radial direction, coaxially connected to each other and can rotate; fixed the disk 223 with blades, consisting of blades 223in suction and discharge blades 223out that made so many blades are curved in the opposite direction relative to the direction of rolling of the disk 222 with vanes (vanes 222in suction and discharge blades 222out) on the outer peripheral part of the rolling disk 222 with the blades are located on a circle, essentially in the radial direction and fixed relative to the rolling disk 222 with blades; the camera 224 combustion for combustion FL for energy (fuel gas)is sucked movable disk 222 with blades with a predetermined distribution of points in time; the node 225 ignition for igniting the fuel gas is sucked into the chamber 224 combustion; generator 228 energy, which is connected to the center of rotation of the rolling disk 222 blades and converts the rotational energy of the rolling disk 222 with the blades into electricity based on the well-known principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion; node 226 control suction for controlling the supply (inlet) vaporous fuel gas to gas turbine internal combustion engines, consisting of a movable disk 222 blades and the stationary disk 223 with the blades; and the node 227 management release management release fuel gas (exhaust gas after combustion in the gas turbine combustion. With regard to the design node 12V power production, including gas turbine internal combustion node 226 control suction and node 227 management issue, then the node 12V power production can be integrated and formed in a small cavity of the order of a millimeter, for example, on a silicon chip 221 application of the method of production by micromachining, the same as the above node 11 source of auxiliary power. On figa, in order to clarify the design of the gas combustion turbine, blades 222in and 223in suction depicted as open for the sake of convenience.

In this site, 12V power production, for example, as shown in figv, when the fuel gas is sucked from the side of the blades 222in and 223in suction gas combustion turbine via the node 226 control suction ignites node 225 ignition in the chamber 224 combustion with a predetermined distribution of points in time, burns and produced by the exhaust blades 222out and 223out (arrow P5), the vortex flow of the fuel gas is formed along the curved direction of the rolling disk 222 blades and the stationary disk 223 with blades, and the absorption and release of fuel gas is performed automatically by means of a vortex flow. In addition, the movable disk 222 with blades rotating continuously zaranee a certain direction, thereby powering the generator 228 energy. Therefore, the energy of the fuel received from the fuel gas is converted into electricity using a gas combustion turbine and generator 228 energy.

Because the node 12V power production in accordance with this example structure is designed to generate electricity through the use of the energy of combustion of fuel gas, fuel FL for energy (fuel gas)supplied from the fuel unit 20A, must possess at least a flammable or shoremont. For example, the best way to apply liquid fuel based on alcohol, such as methanol, ethanol or butanol, liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbons that evaporate at normal temperature and under normal pressure, for example dimethyl ether, isobutane or natural gas, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas.

In the case of a structure in which a fuel gas (exhaust gas after combustion directly comes out of the system 301 power source, it goes without saying that they must be processed to increase the resistance to ignition or treatment for detoxification before the release of exhaust gas to the outside, or should be provided by the means for collecting spent what about the gas, if the exhaust gas contains a combustible or toxic component.

The application of gas turbines internal combustion engines, having such a construction, site energy generation, the same as the above first example of the structure of arbitrary power may be generated through a simple control method for adjusting the amount of supplied fuel FL for energy production, can be implemented operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of actuation of the device DVC. In addition, the application of the design in the form of a gas combustion turbine, made by micromachining, electricity can be produced with relatively high energy conversion efficiency, and can be minimized module 10A of energy production, which includes the node 12 energy production, at the same time efficiently using fuel FL for energy production.

(Third example of the construction site energy generation)

On figa-22D presents diagrams for illustrating the principle of operation of the third example of the construction site energy used for module production energy in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the third example design as a concrete example,the node energy is designed in the form of the device generate energy, which uses fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 output control actuates the rotary piston engine (internal combustion engine) through the energy of pressure resulting from the combustion reaction, and converts the energy to actuate into electricity.

As shown in these drawings, the node 12C energy in accordance with a third example structure includes: a housing 231 having a working cavity a, the cross section of which is essentially elliptical; the rotor 232, which rotates, being eccentric, the inner wall of the working cavity a and has an essentially triangular cross-section; known rotary-piston engine, equipped with a node 234 ignition that ignites and burns the compressed fuel gas; and a power generator (not shown)directly connected to the Central shaft 233. With regard to the design of the node 12C energy, comprising a rotary-piston engine, similarly to each of the above-mentioned example design, the node 12C energy can be integrated and formed in a small cavity using the method of production by micromachining.

In the node 12C energy with this construction, when the repetition of each measure intake, compressed the I, extensions (working) and release is executed when the rotation of the rotor 232, the pressure energy resulting from combustion of the fuel gas is converted into rotational energy, and the converted energy is transmitted to the power generator. I.e. during the suction stroke of, as shown in figa, the fuel gas is sucked through the inlet a and loaded into a predetermined working chamber AS formed by the inner wall of the working cavity a and rotor 232. Then, after the fuel gas in the working chamber AS will be compressed and to have a high pressure during the compression stroke, as shown in figv, the fuel gas is ignited and burns (explodes) under the action of node 234 ignition with a predetermined distribution of points in time during the quantum extension, as shown in figs, and exhaust gas after combustion is discharged from the working chamber AS through the outlet 235b during the discharge stroke, as shown in fig.22D. When this sequence of cycles to actuate the rotation of the rotor 232 in a predetermined direction (arrow P6) supported by the energy of the pressure resulting from the ignition and combustion of the fuel gas during the quantum expansion, and continue to transmit energy of rotation of the Central shaft 233. The result is that the energy value obtained under the action of the fuel is Aza, is converted into energy of rotation of the Central shaft 233 and is then converted into electricity by a power generator (not shown)connected to the Central shaft 233.

With regard to the design of the power generator in this example, there may be used a known generator of energy using electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion, similarly to the aforementioned second example design.

Moreover, as this example design is designed for generating electricity based on energy of combustion of the fuel gas, the fuel FL for energy (fuel gas) must have at least Flammability or shoremont. In addition, in the case of the use of design for the immediate release of fuel gas after combustion (waste gas) outside the system 301 power supply it is clear that there must be processed to increase the resistance to ignition or treatment for detoxification before the release of exhaust gas to the outside, or should be provided by the means for collecting the exhaust gas when the exhaust gas contains Vospominanie or toxic substance.

As a result of application of a rotary piston engine having such a structure, site energy generation, similarly, each in the above-mentioned example design, since random electricity can be produced through a simple control method for adjusting the amount of supplied fuel FL for energy production, can be implemented operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of operation of the device. In addition, the application of the design in the form of a rotary piston engine based on micromachining can be minimised module 10A of energy production, which includes the node 12 energy production, at the same time generating electricity by means of relatively simple design and principle of operation, creates a small vibration.

(Fourth example of the construction site energy generation)

On figa and 23C are presented diagram depicting a fourth example of the construction site energy used for module production energy in accordance with this option run. In this case shows only the basic structure (two-piston fail type and pressure type) is known Stirling engine used in the fourth example design, and provides a simple principle.

In the fourth example of the construction as a concrete example, the node energy is designed in the form of a device of power generation, which uses FL for energy production, supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 output control actuates a Stirling engine (external combustion engine) by means of thermal energy produced in the combustion reaction, and converts the energy to actuate into electricity.

In the node 12D energy in accordance with the fourth example of the structure as shown in figa, the Stirling engine with two-piston fail type mainly includes: cylinder a the high temperature part (extension) and the cylinder 242a low-temperature part (compression), which are made so that the working gas makes a reciprocating motion; a piston 241b the high temperature part and the piston 242b of the low-temperature part, provided for in those cylinders a and 242a and connected to the crankshaft 243, so as to make a reciprocating motion with a phase difference 90°; heater 244 for heating cylinder 241a high temperature; the cooler 245 for cooling the cylinder 242a low-temperature part; the well-known Stirling engine with flywheel 246, connected to the shaft of the crankshaft 243; and a power generator (not shown)directly connected to the crankshaft 243.

In the node 12D energy with this construction, the cylinder 241a high temperature part is maintained constant is about heated by thermal energy, the resulting combustion of the fuel gas, while the cylinder 242a low-temperature zone is maintained constantly cooled by bringing it into contact with other areas or leaving it unprotected from them inside and outside the system 301 power source such as outside air, and is repeated each cycle izobaricheskogo heating, isothermal expansion, izobaricheskogo cooling and isothermal compression. In the kinetic energy of the reciprocating movement of the piston 241b the high temperature part and the piston 242b of the low-temperature part is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and transmitted to the power generator.

I.e. in the process izobaricheskogo heating when thermal expansion of the working gas and the piston 241b the high temperature part begins to move down in the cylinder 242a low-temperature portion having a small capacity, which is a cavity, chamber connected with the cylinder a the high temperature part, the piston 242b of the low-temperature part is moved upwards as a result of reduced pressure produced by a sudden lowering of the piston 241b the high temperature part, and the cooled working gas cylinder 242a low-temperature part flows into the cylinder 241a high temperature part. Then, in the step of termicheskogo expanding the cooled working gas, which has flowed into the cylinder a the high temperature part, sufficiently thermally expanded and increased pressure in the cavity of the cylinder a the high temperature part and a cylinder 242a low-temperature part, and as the piston 241b the high temperature part and the piston 242b of the low-temperature part down.

Then, in step izobaricheskogo cooling volume in the cylinder 242a low-temperature side is increased as a result of lowering of the piston 242b of the low-temperature part, and the volume in the cylinder 241a high temperature part is reduced on the basis of this. In addition, the piston 241b the high temperature part moves up and working gas cylinder a the high temperature part flows into the cylinder 242a low-temperature part and cooled. Then, during the cycle of isothermal compression of the cooled working gas that fills the cavity within the cylinder 242a of the low-temperature portion is compressed, and decreases the pressure in both continuous cavities in the cylinder 242a low-temperature part and the cylinder a the high temperature part. In addition, as the piston 241b the high temperature part and the piston 242b of the low-temperature part of both rise, and the working gas is compressed. When this sequence of cycles of operation, the rotation of the crankshaft 243 in a predetermined direction (arrow P7) is supported, due to the agrimonia and cooling of the fuel gas, the reciprocating motion of the pistons. The result is that the pressure energy of the working gas is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and then converted into electricity through a power generator (not shown)connected to the crankshaft 243.

On the other hand, in the node 12D energy in accordance with the fourth example of the structure as shown in figv, the Stirling engine displacer type made so that mainly contains: cylinder C with high-temperature cavity and the low-temperature cavity, which are separated by a piston 241d of the displacer and in which the working gas can make a reciprocating motion; a piston 241d of the displacer, which is provided in the cylinder C and executed so that they are able to make reciprocating movement; a power piston 242d, which makes a reciprocating motion in accordance with the pressure change in the cylinder S; crankshaft 243, to which is connected the piston 241d of the displacer and the power piston 242d so that the phase shift is 90°; the heater 244 for heating one end portion (the part of the high-temperature cavity) cylinder s; cooler 245 for cooling the other end part (the part of the low-temperature cavity) cylinder s; the well-known Stirling engine with flywheel 246, Conn is United with the center shaft of the crankshaft 243; and the power generator (not shown)directly connected to the crankshaft 243.

In the node 12D energy with this construction, the high-temperature part of the cylinder is supported continuously heated by thermal energy resulting from combustion of fuel gas, while the cavity of the low-temperature part of his constant chilled. In addition, the repetition of each quantum izobaricheskogo heating, isothermal expansion, izobaricheskogo cooling and isothermal compression kinetic energy of the reciprocating movement of the piston 241d of the displacer and power piston 242d with a predetermined phase difference is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and transmitted to the power generator.

I.e. during the quantum izobaricheskogo heating when thermal expansion of the working gas heater 244 and the piston 241 displacer begins to rise, the working gas from low-temperature cavity flows on the high temperature side of the cavity and is heated. Then, during the cycle of isothermal expansion increased working gas on the side of the high-temperature cavity thermally expands and the pressure increases. In the power piston 242d rises. Then when you beat izobaricheskogo cooling, when the Shen 241d displacer is lowered in the inflow of the working gas, thermally-enhanced heater 244, low-temperature cavity, the working gas of high temperature cavity flows in the low-temperature cavity and cooled. Then, during the cycle of isothermal compression of the working gas is cooled in the cylinder s in low-temperature cavity shrinks and decreases the pressure in the cylinder C on the low temperature side of the cavity, which leads to lowering of the power piston 242d. When such a sequence of clock cycles to actuate the rotation of the crankshaft 243 in a predetermined direction (arrow P7) is maintained by the heating of the working gas and the reciprocating movement of the piston caused by cooling. Therefore, the pressure energy of the working gas is converted into energy of rotation of a cranked shaft 243 and is then converted into electricity by a power generator (not shown)connected to the crankshaft 243.

In this case, with regard to the design of the power generator, similarly, the second and third examples of the design, can be used a known generator of energy using electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion. Further, with regard to the design of the node 12D energy generation with Stirling engine shown in figa and 23C, the site energy generation can also be integrated and Radovan in a small cavity, similarly, each of the above-mentioned example design. In addition, in this example design uses design to generate electric power based on thermal energy resulting from combustion of fuel gas, the fuel for energy production (fuel gas) must have at least Flammability or shoremont.

As a result of application of the Stirling engine with this design for site energy generation, similarly to the above-described third example structure, an arbitrary amount of electricity can be produced through a simple control to adjust the amount of fuel FL for energy production, and therefore can be implemented operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of actuation of the device DVC (load LD). Moreover, the application of the design in the form of minimized Stirling engine can be minimized module 10A of energy production, which includes the node 12 energy production, at the same time generating electricity with a relatively simple construction and operation with less vibration.

Incidentally, in the above examples, the design of the second, third, fourth, although the unit of energy production, equipped with a gas that is Bina internal combustion rotary-piston engine and the Stirling engine, was cited as an example of the structure of energy to convert changes in the gas pressure based on the combustion of fuel FL to generate the energy into electricity by using the energy of rotation, the present invention is not limited to this. Needless to say, it is possible to apply the combined use of the internal combustion engine or external combustion engine of various kinds, such as pulse jet engine combustion and power generator that uses the well-known principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric conversion.

(Fifth example of the construction site energy generation)

On figa and 24V presents schematic views of a design depicting a fifth example of the construction site energy used for module production energy in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the fifth example of construction, as a concrete example, the node energy is the unit of power generation, which uses fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 control output, and generates electricity through thermoelectric conversion using the temperature difference resulting from clicks the education of thermal energy, based on the combustion reaction (oxidation reaction).

As shown in figa, the node 12E energy in accordance with the fifth example of the design has a design for energy production on the basis of the temperature difference, basically, comprising: a heater 251-based combustion, for generating thermal energy, exposing the fuel FL for energy combustion reaction (oxidation reaction); node 252 fixed temperature to maintain essentially fixed temperature and element 253 thermoelectric conversion connected between ends of the first and second temperature, and the heater 251-based combustion is defined as the end with the first temperature and node 252 fixed temperature as the end with the second temperature. In this case, the element 253 thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to that shown in figv. The heater 251-based combustion continuously supports the combustion reaction to maintain a high temperature by obtaining fuel FL for energy production, while the node 252 fixed temperature designed in a way that supports essentially a fixed temperature (for example, normal temperature or low temperature) by bringing in the SOP is convenie with other areas inside and outside the system 301 power source or the execution, unprotected from them. With regard to the design of the node 12E energy, consisting of a power generator based on the temperature difference shown in figa, the node energy is also integrated and formed in a small cavity, similarly to each of the above-mentioned example design.

In the node 12E energy with this construction, as shown in figv, when the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, is supplied to the heater 251-based combustion, through node 14 output control combustion reaction (oxidation reaction) occurs in accordance with the quantity of supplied fuel for energy generation, and generates heat, thereby increasing the temperature of the heater 251-based combustion. On the other hand, as the temperature of the node 252 fixed temperature, as defined, is set essentially constant, it creates a temperature difference between the heater 251-based combustion, and the node 252 fixed temperature. Based on this temperature difference is formed a predetermined electromotive force and then creates electricity in thermoelectric effect element 253 thermoelectric conversion.

As a result of application of the power generator based on the time the barb temperatures, with this construction, similarly to each of the above examples design, an arbitrary amount of electricity can be produced through a simple control method to adjust the amount of fuel FL for energy production, and therefore can be implemented operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of operation of the device DVC (load LD). In addition, the application of the design in the form of a power generator based on the temperature difference, made using micromachining can be minimised module 10A of energy production, which includes the node 12 energy production, at the same time generating electricity with a relatively simple construction and operation with less vibration.

Incidentally, although the description is given in relation to the power generator based on the temperature difference to generate electricity in thermoelectric effect, based on the temperature difference between the heater 251-based combustion, and the node 252 fixed temperature, the present invention is not limited to this and may have a design for generating electricity based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission issue.

(The sixth example of the construction site energy generation)

<> On figa and 25V presents a schematic kinds of design, showing the sixth example of the construction site energy generation, applicable for module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the sixth example of the structure as a concrete example, the node energy is designed in the form of a device of power generation, which uses fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20A via the node 14 control output, and generates electricity (electromotive force) on the basis of the principle of magnetohydrodynamic.

As shown in figa, node 12F energy in accordance with the sixth example of the design has a design magnetohydrodynamic power generator (MHD power generator), mainly comprising: a pair of electrodes ELa and ELb, which constitute the side walls of the flow path, along which passes the fuel FL for energy production, consisting of a conducting fluid in a predetermined flow, and which are located opposite to each other; means MG of magnetic fields comprising neodymium permanent magnet Nd-Fe-B, which forms a magnetic field having a predetermined intensity in the direction perpendicular to both the opposite direction of the electrodes ELa and ELb, and towards the structure of the path of flow of fuel FL for energy; and output terminals of the OS and Od, are individually connected to the corresponding electrodes ELa and ELb. In this case, fuel FL for energy production is a conductive fluid (working fluid), such as plasma, liquid metal, the liquid containing the conductive substance, or gas, and the path of its flow is formed so that the fuel FL for energy can flow in the direction (arrow R8), parallel electrodes ELa and ELb. It should be noted that the node 12F energy in accordance with this example design can also be integrated and formed in a small cavity in the use of production via micromachining, similarly to each of the above-described example design.

Node 12F energy with this construction, as shown in figv, through education of the magnetic field In the vertical direction of the path of flow of fuel to generate energy using MG of the magnetic field and the movement of fuel FL for energy production (conductive fluid) with the magnetic flux of u in the direction of the path of flow of the induced electromotive force u×when fuel FL for energy crosses the magnetic field, based on Faraday's law, enthalpy, which has a fuel FL for energy production, Preobrazhenka into electricity, and the electric current flows to the load (not shown)connected between the output terminals of the OS and Od. As a result of thermal energy, which has a fuel FL to generate the energy is directly converted into electricity.

Incidentally, in the case of designs for immediate release fuel FL for energy production (conductive fluid), which passed by way of flow MHD generator energy output from the system 301 power source, it goes without saying that they must be processed to increase the resistance to ignition or treatment for detoxification before it is released to the outside of the fuel FL to produce energy, or must be provided by the means for collecting fuel FL for energy production, if the fuel FL for energy contains vosplameneniyu or toxic component.

The application of the MHD power generator having such a structure, site energy generation, as an arbitrary amount of electricity can be produced through a simple control method for adjusting the velocity of the fuel FL to generate energy by way of flow can be realized corresponding operation of the energy generation in accordance with the state of actuation of the device DVC. Next, the application design is the form of the MHD power generator, made by micromachining can be minimised module 10A of energy production, which includes the node 12 energy production, at the same time generating electricity with a very simple design that does not require moving parts.

Each of the above-mentioned example design is a simple example of node 12 energy used for module 10A of energy production, and is not intended to limit the design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention. Briefly, the node 12 energy used in the present invention, may have any other design, which can produce electricity based on electrochemical reaction or the formation of heat, the temperature difference, the resulting endothermic reaction, the effect upon the conversion of the energy of pressure or thermal energy, electromagnetic induction, etc. in the node 12 energy when liquid fuel or liquefied fuel, or gaseous fuel loaded in the fuel block 20A, directly or indirectly served on him. For example, the best way to apply the combined use of funds education external power using thermoacoustic effect, and the generator of energy using electromagnetic induction or piezoelect the systematic transformation or other

Among the above-described respective examples of the construction site 12 energy production, for which you apply examples of design from the second to the fifth shaped so that it uses electric power (second electric power)supplied from the node 11 to the source of auxiliary power as an electricity start, as mentioned above, for the operation of the ignition when removing thermal energy, exposing the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy, the action of the combustion reaction or the like, as shown in figure 3.

<Site 13 control>

As shown in figure 3, node 13 of the control applied to the module energy production in accordance with this option run, operates the working electric power (second electric power)supplied from the above site 11 source of auxiliary power, generates and outputs the control signal based on information of various types inside and outside the system 301 power supply in accordance with this variant of execution, namely the information (specifically, a certain voltage from the below site 16 control voltages)related to the change component of the voltage (output voltage) power supply, which varies in accordance with the state bring in the operation of the device DVC(load LD), connected to the system 301 power source, and controls the operating state of the below node 12 energy production.

I.e. specifically, the node 13, the control operation is driven by electric power generated by the node 11 of the auxiliary source of power when the node 12 energy generation does not work. When the determined information about the team at the start of the load LD in the voltage of the electric power management supplied to the device DVC, the node 13, the control displays the following site 15 control start control signal for the start node 14 control output (control start). In addition, if the node 12 energy is in working mode, when the information indicating the formation of the difference between the energy required to actuate the load LD, and the electric power outputted to the load LD from node 12 energy, determined based on a voltage change of the power management supplied to the device DVC (controller CNT), the node 13, the control displays the following node 14 control output signal control operation for adjusting the quantity of electricity generated (value energy) in the node 12 energy production. Thus, electricity actuate the load applied to condition the device DVC (load LD), can have an appropriate value according to the state of actuation of the load LD (feedback control).

On the other hand, if the node 12 energy is in working mode, when the state in which the change in the voltage of the electric power for operation of the load supplied to the device DVC (load LD), is outside the predetermined voltage range, related to the feedback control, and becomes excessive, is continuously determined within a predetermined time regardless of the execution of the feedback control, the node 13, the control sends to the node 15 control start control signal for stopping the operation of the node 14 output management (emergency shutdown control).

In addition, if the node 12 energy is in working mode, when the determined information about the command to stop the operation of the load LD, the basis of changes in voltage of the electric power management supplied to the device DVC, the node 13, the control sends to the node 15 of the control start signal to control the operation for terminating the node 14 control output (control normal shutdown).

As described below, in the case of designs, which establishes electrical connection with the device DVC (load LD) is by means of using only positive and negative terminal electrodes in the form of external forms system 301 power supply, similarly plated

element General purpose state operation of the load LD can be defined by the power supply comprising a power controller or electric power for actuation of the load device DVC through the positive and negative electrodes and a permanent control deviation component of the voltage of the power supply through the use of node 16 of the control voltage. In addition, if the device DVC is designed to display information about the bringing into action of the load on the state of operation of the device DVC (load LD) from the controller CNT, the system 301 power source may be provided with a terminal for inputting information on the functioning of the load in addition to the positive and negative terminal electrodes.

<Site 14 output control>

As shown in figure 3, the node 14 control output applied to the module energy production in accordance with this option run-operates with the electric power (power start)supplied from the above site 11 source of auxiliary power, directly or through node 15 launch control based on the control signal operation, the output from node 13 to control the operation, and controls the operating state (pad stadie the work, the steady-state stage, stage of shutdown, the amount of generated electric power (amount of power generation)in the node 12 energy production.

Specifically, the node 14 control output contains, for example, the tool flow adjustment (node 14a fuel management) for adjusting the amount of flow or quantity of production of fuel for energy production, the means of adjustment of consumption (node 14b of the control air) to adjust the flow or quantity of production of oxygen for energy production, the means of adjusting the temperature of the heater (site 14 control the heater to adjust the temperature of the heater provided for the node 12 energy generation, or the like In the host 12 energy generation, depicted in each of the above-mentioned example design, the node 14 output management controls the means of adjustment of consumption and means of temperature control heater based on the control signal to supply fuel to generate energy (liquid fuel, liquid fuel or gaseous fuel), the amount of which is necessary to generate and transmit electricity for operation of the load consisting of a predetermined electric power, and to optimize the temperature of the heater, contributing to the reactions of various types in the node 12 energy, Il the other

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the primary structure of one specific example of a module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with this variant of execution.

I.e. in the above embodiment, when the construction of a fuel cell with reformer fuel, depicted in the above first example design

(see Fig), is used as node 12 energy, you can create a node 14a of the control fuel control fuel for energy generation (of hydrogen gas supplied to the node 210b of the fuel element)applied to the node 12A of the power source based on the control signal from node 13 to control the operation, and the node 14b of the control air to control the amount of air (oxygen gas supplied to the node 210b of the fuel element)applied to the node 12A energy, as the node structure 14 control output, as shown in Fig.

In this case, the node 14a fuel management performs control to eject from the fuel unit 20A fuel for energy, water and the like for the formation of gaseous hydrogen (H2), the amount of which is necessary for obtaining a predetermined electric power (first electric power), reforming them into hazoor the value of hydrogen (H 2through node 210A of the reforming fuel and supply the received gas to the fuel electrode 211 of the node 210b of the fuel element. In addition, the node 14b of the control air manages to extract from the atmosphere required amount of gaseous oxygen (O2in accordance with an electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (6) and (7)), using hydrogen gas, and then feed it to the air electrode 212 of node 210b of the fuel element. By adjusting the amount of gaseous hydrogen (H2) and gaseous oxygen (O2)to be issued to the node 12 energy production, through such a node 14a fuel management and such node 14b of the control air can be controlled by the stages of development of electrochemical reactions in the host 12 energy (node 210b of the fuel cell) and you can control the amount of electricity required to produce in the form of electricity for operation of the load, or output voltage.

In this case, the node 14b of the control air can be set to a constant supply of air when the node 12 energy production is in the operating mode without control the amount of gaseous oxygen needed to supply the air electrode 212 of node 12 energy until the node 14b of the control air can Lodge in the spirit, the corresponding maximum oxygen consumption per unit time in the node 12 energy production. I.e. in the module structure 10A of energy, shown in Fig, node 14 output control can be performed to control the stages of development of electrochemical reaction only in the form of node 14a fuel management. In addition, it may be provided below the air hole (slit) instead of node 14b of the control air, so that air (oxygen) in excess of the minimum number used for the electrochemical reaction in the host 12 energy may be continuously supplied through the air hole.

<Site 15 launch control>

As shown in figure 3, node 15 launch control, used for module production energy in accordance with this option run-operates with electric power supplied from the above-mentioned node 11 source of auxiliary power, and performs control to start the translation of node 12 to produce energy from standby mode, capable of producing energy by means of electricity (electric start), at least on node 14 control output (can be included in the node 12 energy depending on designs), based on the signal control operation, the output node 13 of the control RAB is one.

Specifically, in the structure shown in Fig if the node 12A energy production (node 210b of the fuel cell) is inactive when the node 15 of the control start signal is received from the control operation for starting the node 12A energy from node 13 to control the operation of, the electricity start, issued from the host 11 source auxiliary power is supplied to the node 14a fuel management node 14 output management, and electricity start, issued by the source node 11 auxiliary power is supplied to the node 14 electric heater control node 14 output management. As a result, the node 14a fuel management controls the amount of fuel or the like, required for submission to the node 210A reformer fuel (or as a node 210A of the reforming fuel and the node 210b of the fuel element), and the node 14 electric heater control regulates the amount of electricity needed to supply the heater node 210A reformer fuel (or heater node 210A of the reforming fuel and the heater node 210b of the fuel element, thereby controlling the temperature of the heater. Node 210A reformer fuel supplies gaseous hydrogen (H2), the reformed fuel or the like therein, a fuel electrode node 210b of the fuel element, and the node 14b of the control air supplies gaseous oxygen (O2) on the air electrode. Therefore, the node 210b of the fuel element is automatically started and placed in a mode of operation (steady state) for generating predetermined electric power (first electric power).

When operational node 12A energy when the node 15 of the control start signal is received from the control operation for stopping the node 12A energy production (node 210b fuel cell) from node 13 control operation, it stops the flow of gaseous hydrogen (H2) and gaseous oxygen (O2) on node 210b of the fuel cell by controlling at least the node 14a fuel management, node 14b of the control air and node 14 electric heater control. Thus, stops the generation of electricity (energy) for a node 210b of the fuel cell, so that the node 210b of the fuel element is placed into the standby mode, when running only the node 11 source of auxiliary power, and the node 13 control operation, the following node 16 of the control voltage and the controller CNT of the device DVC, which receive the electric power (active electric power, the electric power controller) from node 11 to the source of auxiliary power.

Thus, although the description is for the case when the applied fuel cell type reformer fuel as node 12 energy and work status (starting phase of work, the stage of shutdown) node 12A energy is controlled by controlling the power supply of the start node 14 control output (node 14a management is of the fuel and the node 14b of the control air) and the node 12A energy through node 15 launch control for controlling the supply/supply fuel for energy production and air to the node 12A energy, the operating status of the node 12 energy can be controlled, essentially similar to the control, even if the other aforementioned examples of structures (for example, the unit energy supplied by the internal combustion engine, external combustion engine or the like) is applied to node 12 energy production. In addition, when using a fuel cell with direct fuel injection, capable of generating energy at room temperature as node 12 energy, the heater in the node 12 energy, the node 210A reformer fuel or unit 14 controls the heater is no longer needed, and the amount of electricity required to generate the node 12 energy, can be controlled only by the control supply/supply fuel for energy generation. Node 15 launch control can therefore be controlled by applying electric start only on the node 14a fuel management node 14 control output.

Additionally, although the electric power from the node 11 to the source of auxiliary power is supplied to the node 15 launch control and the node 14 control output (node 14a of fuel management in the construction shown in Fig) as the working electric power or energy start-up in the construction shown in figure 3, if the electric power supplied from the host 11, the source is an auxiliary power supply, may not be sufficient to power consumed by the node 14 control output or the like during the steady-state stage of the work site 12 energy distribution of the electric power may be accompanied by the issuance of part of the electricity generated in the node 12 energy generation on site 14 control output or the like, in addition to electricity from node 11 AUX power (see dotted arrows in Fig 3 and 26).

In this case, as the system power source, the node 14 output management controls the total amount of fuel to generate the energy corresponding to the enlarged portion of the energy consumed by the node 14 output management, and fuel to generate the energy corresponding to the electric power supplied to the device DVC required for submission to the node 12 energy in order not to reduce the electric power supplied to the device DVC (load LD) in the form of electricity functioning of the load. By the way, in the construction shown in Fig, node 14a fuel management performs control to supply the total quantity of electricity energy generation by fuel electrode 211 of the node 210b of the fuel cell via the node 210a of the reforming fuel and the node 14b of the control air performs control to supply air in such quantity that meets required shall be oxygen, necessary for generating sufficient electricity (energy) in the node 210b of the fuel cell, the air electrode 212 of node 210b of the fuel element.

<Site 16 voltage control>

As shown in figure 3 and 4, the node 16 of the control voltage applied to the module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution determines the component of the voltage is shifted in accordance with the condition (increase/decrease) of the device DVC, driven by the output of electricity, which is produced by the above described node 12 energy generation and output via terminal EL of the electrode (specifically, the positive electrode terminal and negative electrode terminal, described below, or any other terminal)provided in the power supply system, namely, through the supply of electric power supplied to the device DVC connected to terminal EL electrode, and outputs it to the node 13 of the control.

Specifically, when the load LD of the device DVC is not functioning, the node 16 of the control voltage determines the change component of the voltage of the electric power controller, which is secreted by the host 11 AUX power supplied to the device DVC (controller CNT) via terminal EL of the electrode. On the other hand, when the load LD of the device DVC PR is entered in the action, node 16 of the control voltage determines the change component of the voltage of the electric power for operation of the load, which is generated by the node 12 energy and is supplied to the device DVC (load LD) via terminal EL of the electrode. As a result, the node 13, the control performs control of start-up, feedback control, stop control, and others that are described below for a system power source, based on a certain voltage. In this embodiment, therefore, each of the power controller and power actuation loads, which are produced by the host 11 AUX power or node 12 energy and supplied to the device DVC, is the target of the determination voltage (voltage control) node 16 of the control voltage.

(C) a Fuel cell unit 20

Fuel unit 20A used for the system power source in accordance with the present invention is, for example, a container for the storage of fuel with a high degree of sealing, which is filled and loaded fuel FL for energy production, consisting of a liquid fuel, liquid fuel or gaseous fuel, including hydrogen in its composition components. As shown in figure 3, fuel block 20A has a design for which soedineniya module 10A of energy production via the interface node 30A attachable and detachable manner or design, integrally joined with him. Fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A, shown in the module 10A of energy production through the supply channel of the fuel provided for the following interface node 30A and the fuel FL for energy production, the amount of which is necessary for generating electric power (first electric power), having a predetermined characteristic voltage in accordance with the state of (state load) device DVC, is supplied to the node 12 energy production via the above site 14 control output at any given time.

In the case of use as a node 11 AUX power structure for generating electric power (second electric power) through the use of part of the fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, as described above, and using the electrochemical reaction, the reaction of catalytic combustion or steps for converting dynamic energy, etc. at least the minimum amount of fuel to generate the energy required to generate electricity, which can be the power controller device DVC and the working energy of the node 13 performance management is constantly supplied to the node 11 AUX power via the interface from the ate 30A.

In particular, in the case of use as a system 301 power supply design, in which the module 10A power production and fuel unit 20A can be connected and disconnected without limitation, fuel FL for energy is supplied to the module 10A produce energy only when the fuel unit 20A is connected with the module 10A power production. In this case, when the fuel unit 20A is not associated with the module 10A power production, fuel block 20A is supplied, for example, means to prevent leakage of fuel, having a control valve or the like, which covers the pressure load of the fuel inside the fuel unit 20A or physical pressure of a spring or the like, to prevent downloaded it fuel FL to generate energy from leaking out of the fuel block 20A. When the fuel unit 20A is connected to the module 10A of energy production via the interface node 30A and the tool (the shutdown feature to prevent leakage), which is provided in the front-end node 30A and which disables the function of preventing leakage under the action of means for preventing leakage of the fuel thus introduced into contact with the fuel unit 20A or putting pressure on it, thus switches the closed state of the valve control, and, for example, fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, podaa is located on the module 10A of energy production via the interface node 30A.

In the fuel unit 20A having such a construction, when the fuel unit 20A is separated from the module 10A energy generation to consumption of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A can be prevented leakage of fuel FL to generate energy by repeated actuation function leakage prevention means for preventing leakage of fuel (for example, bringing money off of loss prevention in the absence of contact, again causing the closing of the control valve, and the fuel unit 20A can be transported independently.

Preferably, the fuel unit 20A, had the same purpose as above described container for storing fuel and was made from a material that exists in nature under certain environmental conditions and can be converted into substances that make up nature, or substances that do not cause environmental pollution.

I.e. fuel unit 20A may be made of a polymeric material (plastic) or the like, having the properties comprising the reaction of decomposition of various types so that the material can be converted into substances that are not harmful for the environment (substances which, in principle, exist in nature and are nature, such as water and carbon dioxide or the like), under the action of ICRI is a scale or enzymes in the soil, irradiation of sunlight, rain water, atmospheric air or the like, even if the whole or part of the fuel unit 20A is emitted in nature or subject to disposal at a landfill, for example, the properties of the decomposition of microbiological destruction of, properties of photolysis, gidralizovanny, oxidative degradation, etc.

Fuel unit 20A may consist of a material which does not form harmful substances, such as chlorinated organic compounds (dioxin group; chlorinated dibenz-n-dioxin, chlorinated dibenzofuran), hydrochloric gas, or heavy metal, or polluting matter, or the formation of such substances is eliminated, even if the artificial processing of heating/burning or processing reagent/chemical treatment. Needless to say that the material (e.g., polymeric material)comprising the fuel unit 20A may not decompose, at least for a short time in contact with the loaded fuel FL for energy and does not affect loaded fuel FL for energy production, at least for a short time to such an extent that it cannot be used as fuel. Also, it goes without saying that the fuel unit 20A, consisting of a polymeric material that has sufficient coloring strength is ü external physical exertion.

As described above, taking into account the condition that the number of collected galvanic cells for utilization is only about 20%, and the remaining 80% are released in nature or must be disposed of in a landfill, it is desirable to use a material having the property of decomposition, and in particular of biodegradable plastics as the material of the fuel block 20A. Specifically, the best way to apply a polymeric material that includes organic compounds of the type of chemical synthesis, synthesized from petroleum or plant source material (a polymer of lactic acid, complex aliphatic polyester, complex sobolifera or the like), microbial complex biopolymer, natural product that uses a polymeric material including starch, cellulose, chitin, chitosan or the like, extracted from plant source material, such as grain or sugar cane, or other.

As for fuel FL to generate the energy used in the system 301 power supply in accordance with this alternative implementation, it is preferable that he was not a pollutant of concern for the natural environment, even if the fuel unit 20A having loaded therein a fuel FL to generate the energy emitted in nature or subject to disposal at the waste drop-off the e and flows into the air, soil or water, so that electricity could be produced with high efficiency of energy conversion at the node 12 of a power generation module 10A energy and to fuel itself, the substance can remain in a stable liquid state or gaseous state under predetermined load conditions (pressure, temperature or the like) and could be connected to the module 10A power production. Specifically, the best way to apply liquid fuel alcohol-based, such as the above-mentioned methanol, ethanol or butanol, liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, for example dimethyl ether, isobutane or natural gas, which is gas at normal temperature and normal pressure, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas. By the way, as described below, the security of the system power supply can be enhanced by the creation of designs, for example, means of stabilizing the fuel to stabilize the loaded state of the fuel for power generation in the fuel block.

In accordance with the fuel unit 20A and the fuel FL for energy production, with such a structure, even if all or part of the system 301 power supply in accordance with this variant execution is thrown out in nature or artificially subjected to disposal at a landfill, can be znachitelno.soderzhanie incineration or chemical treatment, pollution of air, soil or water in the natural environment or the formation of a hormone environment, thereby contributing to the prevention of sudden deterioration of the environment, elimination of malformation of the environment and prevention of adverse effects on the human body.

In the case of execution of the fuel unit 20A so that it can be attached to the module 10A energy or disconnected from him, without limitation, when the remaining number of loaded fuel FL for energy production is reduced or the fuel used, fuel FL for energy can be replenished fuel unit 20A or the fuel unit 20A can be replaced or reused (recycled). It may therefore contribute to a significant reduction in the number of discharged fuel blocks 20A or modules 10A power production. In addition, because the new fuel unit 20A can be replaced and connected to a single module 10A power production and this module can be attached to the device DVC and used, it is possible to create a system power source, which can easily be used as an item similar to a galvanic element for General use.

In the case of generating electricity in the node 11 source auxiliary power supply and the node 12 of a power generation module 10A expression is otci energy, even if the electricity is generated by-product and this byproduct adversely affect the environment or if it might affect the function, for example, it may cause malfunction of the device DVC, we can apply the construction in which the fuel unit 20A is provided means for storing a by-product collected following collection tool a by-product. In this case, when the fuel unit 20A is disconnected from the module 10A of energy production, you can apply a design having, for example, an absorbent polymer capable of absorbing, as to absorb and commit, or commit a by-product, in order to prevent leakage of byproduct, temporarily collected and stored in the fuel unit 20A (collection tool/storage), out of fuel unit 20A, or control valve, which closes the physical pressure, for example, springs. Design tools collection/storage byproduct described below, together with means for collecting by-product.

(C) the Front-end node 30

The front-end node 30, which is used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, is located between at least the module 10 energy and fuel unit 20. As shown in figure 3, the front-end node 30A, the use of aemy as an example, has the function for a physical connection with each other module 10A power production and fuel unit 20A and the fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A, in a predetermined condition on the module 10A of energy production through the supply channel of the fuel. In this case, as described above, in the case of use as a system 301 power supply design, in which the module 10A power production and fuel unit 20A can be connected and disconnected without limitation, the front-end node 30A includes a shutdown feature prevents leak (pipe 52f fuel) to disable leakage prevention means for preventing leakage of the fuel valve 24A fuel)provided in the fuel unit 20A in addition to the fuel supply. In addition, as described below, in the case of construction, also providing a means of collecting by-product for collecting by-product formed in the node 11 source auxiliary power supply and the node 12 of a power generation module 10A power production, front-end node 30A is made so that it contains the channel a collection by-product for feeding a by-product in the fuel block 20A.

Specifically, the front-end node 30A supplies the module 10A power production (node 11 source auxiliary power supply and the node 12 of verbotener) fuel FL for energy production, loaded in the fuel block 20A, when pre-defined conditions (temperature, pressure, etc. in the form of liquid fuel, liquid fuel or gaseous fuel (fuel gas)resulting from evaporation of fuel in the fuel supply. In the power supply system in which the module 10A power production and fuel block 20A is made integrally with the help of the front-end node 30A, fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A, may be continuously fed to the module 10A of power generation by the fuel supply. On the other hand, in the power supply system in which the module 10A power production and fuel unit 20A can be connected and disconnected without limitation through the interface node 30A, function loss prevention means for preventing leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20A, off means off, prevent leakage when the fuel unit 20A is connected to the module 10A power generation and fuel FL to generate energy may be supplied to the module 10A of power generation by the fuel supply.

By the way, in the power supply system in which the module 10A power production and fuel block 20A integrally formed with the use of the interface node 30A, fuel FL for energy is constantly supplied to the module 10A vyrabotki the energy regardless of the joining system power source to the device DVC and detach from it. Therefore, when electricity is produced at node 11 source of auxiliary power, in some cases, can not be effectively spent fuel for energy generation. Thus, for example, before using the system power source (before attaching it to the device) may be implemented efficient fuel for energy production through the application of design in which the fuel supply interface node 30A is maintained in the " off " (blocked) state, the off state is turned off when the system power source, and the fuel supply completely translated (it allowed the passage of fuel to permit the flow of fuel.

<operation of the first variant execution>

The General principle of operation of the power source having the above construction is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a schematic principle of operation of the power source in accordance with this option run. On Fig presents a view depicting an initial operating state (idle mode) of the system power source in accordance with this option run. On Fig presents a view depicting the operating status of the start system of the source of the power supply in accordance with this option run. On Fig presents a view depicting the steady-state operating condition of the power source in accordance with this option run. On Fig presents a view depicting the operating state stop system power source in accordance with this option run. Here we describe the principle of operation, at the same time by making appropriate reference to the design of the above system power supply (figure 3 and 4).

As shown in Fig, the system 301 power supply, having a construction in accordance with this option run, operated primarily for the initial stage (steps S101 and S102) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, the module 10A of energy, constantly and continuously generating electric power (second electric power), which can be the working electric power and the electric power controller node 11 source of auxiliary power, and outputting the electric power to the device DVC (controller CNT) via terminals EL electrodes (specifically, the terminal EL (+) a positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode shown in Fig-31), the start-up stage (steps S103-S106) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, the node 12 energy production based on getting in on the op perate load LD (translating from degraded mode operation) in the device DVC, generating electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity actuate the load, and output the power to the device DVC (load LD) across the terminals of the electrodes EL (EL (+), EL (-)); the steady-state stage (steps S107-S110) for adjusting the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy to be applied to the node 12 energy generation, based on the change of state operation for the load LD, and the formation and output of electric power (first electric power), with a stress component in accordance with the state of operation of the load; and stage stop operation (steps S111-S114) to disable fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy generation, based on the stop of the load LD (transition from the state of actuation state neprovedenija), and stop generating electric power (first electric power).

Below describes in detail each stage of the work with reference to Fig-31.

(A) Initial stage of operation of the first variant execution

First, at the initial stage of operation, the power supply system in which the module 10A power production and fuel block 20A is made combined with each other through the interface node 30, for example, by lifting off state of the fuel supply interfaces the node 30 at the time of accession to the device DVC, as shown in Fig, fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A, moves the fuel supply under the action of capillary phenomena of the fuel supply and automatically supplied to the node 11 AUX power module 10A of power generation (step S101). Then in the node 11 AUX power Autonomous produced and displayed, at least, the energy E1 (second electric power), which can be the working power of the node 13 control, and power actuation (electric power controller) controller CNT included in the device DVC, and it is then continuously applied to the node 13, the operation control and the controller CNT (step S102).

On the other hand, in the power supply system in which the module 10A power production and fuel unit 20A can be attached and detached without limitation by connecting the fuel unit 20A with the module 10A of energy production through the front-end node 30, as shown in Fig function is disabled leakage prevention means for preventing leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20A and the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20A, moves the fuel supply under the action of capillary phenomena of the fuel supply and automatically served the and node 11 AUX power module 10A power production (step S101). Node 11 AUX power Autonomous produced and displayed the energy E1 (second electric power), which can be the working electric power and the electric power controller, and it is then continuously applied to the node 13, the operation control node 16 of the control voltage and the controller CNT (step S102).

In all cases shall be issued only electricity, which can be the working power of the node 13 control and node 16 of the control voltage until the power supply system connected to the device DVC.

In the connection, fuel block 20A module 10A of energy production through the front-end node 30, the system goes into standby mode, when running only the node 13, the control module 10A of energy production, the node 16 of the control voltage and the controller CNT of the device DVC. In this standby mode, the electric power supply (electric power controller of the energy E1)supplied to the device DVC (controller CNT) via terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode, slightly consumed by node 13 performance management node 16 of the control voltage and the controller CNT of the device DVC. The voltage Vdd, which is somewhat decreased as the result of an expenditure, is determined by the node 16 checking voltage at any given time, and the change in voltage is agenia Vdd is controlled by the node 13 management work. In addition, the state of operation of the load LD of the device DVC is controlled by the controller CNT.

(C) the Starting stage of the first variant execution

Then at launch stage, as shown in Fig when the controller CNT controls the switch LS to supply power to the load LD, which is in a conducting state as a result of triggering to actuate the load LD, for example, by actuation of switch PS power source or the like (enable)provided in the device DVC, the user of the device DVC, part of the electric power supply (electric power control)supplied to the controller CNT, is delivered to the load is in the standby mode, resulting in a sharp drop in the voltage Vdd of the power supply.

When defining a sharp drop voltage Vdd through node 16 control voltage (step S103) node 13 control outputs to node 15 launch control signal of the control operation for starting the operation of the energy generation (start) site energy generation (step S104). In the supply side of electricity (electricity E2)produced by the host 11, the supply of auxiliary energy on the node 14 control output (or node 14 control output and the node 12 energy) in the form of electricity start-up, based on the control signal from node 13 the Board operation (step S105), node 15 launch control delivers fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20A, the node 12 energy through node 14 control output and generates and outputs the electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity to actuate the load. Electricity is designed to actuate the load is issued in the form of electricity supply with electric power controller produced by the above-described node 11 of the power source through the terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode and is supplied to the controller CNT and the load LD of the device DVC (step S106).

Therefore, when electric power to actuate the load generated by the node 12 energy is supplied to the device DVC, the voltage Vdd of the power supply rises gradually from a state of low level and reaches a voltage sufficient to start the load LD. Ie, as to actuate the load LD, then automatically fed fuel FL for energy production, and the node 12 energy begins work on energy production. In addition, electricity actuate the load having a predetermined voltage Vdd, offline is supplied to the device DVC (load LD). Therefore, the load LD can best Pref is occurring in the action, at the same time providing the characteristics of electricity, essentially, equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic element for General use.

(C) the stage of steady-state operation of the first variant execution

Then at the stage of steady-state operation, as shown in Fig, the node 13, the control monitors the change in the voltage Vdd (essentially a change in the voltage of the electric power to actuate load) power supply supplied to the device DVC through node 16 checking voltage, at any given point in time (step S107). If the node 13 control determines the change in the voltage Vdd so that the voltage of the power supply is outside the range of voltages relative to a predetermined value (for example, the deviation range of the output voltage in the galvanic element General purpose), the node 13, the control sends to the node 14 control output signal control operation to control the increase/decrease amount of the energy value energy)generated in the node 12 energy, so that the voltage Vdd can be set within the range of voltages (step S108).

Node 14 output control regulates the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy production based on si the nale of control from node 13 control operation (step S109), and performs feedback control so that the voltage Vdd of the power supply (power actuation load)supplied to the device DVC, is set within a predetermined voltage range (step S110). As a result, even if you change the state of operation of the load LD (load status) on the side of the device DVC, can be controlled so that the voltage of the power supply can seek to the appropriate voltage range in accordance with the state of the load LD, and can be, therefore, applied electric power in accordance with the power consumption of the device DVC (load LD).

(D) phase of the shutdown of the first variant execution

Then, on the above stage steady-state operation, when the device DVC goes from the on state to the off state during the feedback control for the power supply or when for some reason is called unintended operation of the device DVC or system 301 power supply node 13 management work continuously determines within a predetermined time condition, the voltage Vdd of the power supply (electricity actuate the load)to be applied to the device DVC, beyond a predetermined range in which rajini, using the node 16 of the control voltage. When it is determined that conditions are satisfied for this range of voltages and continuous period of time (step S111), the node 13, the control performs the processing of a particular state, as the error voltage power supply, and sends to the node 14 control output the control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy (step S112 (). Based on the control signal from node 13 performance management node 14 output control disables fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy and stops the heating of the heater promoting endothermic reaction for generating hydrogen (step S113). As a result of stops work on the development of energy in the node 12 energy, and stops the supply of electric power (electric power for actuating the load), in addition to the power controller to the device DVC (step S114).

Ie, for example, if the load LD stops working when the switch LS, supplying power to the load LD is in its off position using the controller CNT, when the user of the device DVC actuates switch PS power source or the like (off), or if the load stops (stops the action is s), when the system 301 power supply is removed from the device DVC, the voltage of the power supply may significantly deviate from a predetermined range of voltages, even after performing a feedback control to set the voltage of the power supply voltages at the above stage of steady work. Therefore, when such a state is continuously determined within a predetermined period of time the node 13 control operation, the node 13, the control determines that the load LD of the device DVC is stopped or stopped, and stops the production of energy in the node 12 energy production. As a result, since the fuel supply stops FL for energy production and the node 12 energy is automatically disabled due to shutdown or other load LD of the device DVC, node 12 energy generates electricity only when the device DVC is normally driven, and an electromotive force can be maintained over a long period of time, at the same time efficiently using fuel for energy generation.

As described above, in accordance with the power supply system this option, perform, as you can control supply and shutoff of power to the ora can be pre-defined power actuation load, and management with the aim of adjusting the value of electricity generated in accordance with the state of operation of the load device or the like)connected to the power supply system, without fuel or the like from outside the system power source, it is possible the efficient use of fuel for energy production. Therefore, it may be created a system power supply that has less impact on the environment and has a very high energy efficiency, at the same time realizing an electrical characteristic that is essentially equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic element for General use.

In addition, as described below, reduced size and weight of the system power source in accordance with this option run in the integration and formation module energy production in a small cavity using the method of production by micromachining, and it is made so that it has a shape and dimensions essentially identical to the shape and size of a galvanic cell General purpose, such as AA batteries, fulfilling the requirements of the standard, such as Japanese industrial standard. In the result, it is possible to achieve a high compatibility with galvanic element General purpose as in the external form, the AK and electrical characteristics (characteristics voltage/electric current), what can contribute additional promotion in existing markets items. Therefore, instead of existing galvanic elements having numerous problems, such as the impact on the environment or energy efficiency, you can easily extend the system power source applying device energy by which you can greatly reduce the release of harmful substances fuel cell or the like and which can achieve high efficiency of energy use, and therefore can be effectively used energy resource, at the same time reducing the impact on the environment.

[Second version runtime]

The second embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting the second embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, and Fig presents a view schematically depicting the relationship of electrical connections between the system power supply module (power production) in accordance with this option run and the device is CMV. In this case, the same position indicate patterns similar to the structures in the above described first embodiment, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in Fig module 10V energy in accordance with this option, mostly contains the node 11 AUX power (the second tool power source)having functions similar to the functions of the above-described first variant (see figure 3); site 12 energy (one power supply); site 13 control; site 14 output management; site 15 launch control; site 16 control voltage node voltage sensing) and terminal node ELx for transmitting predetermined information relating to the controller CNT included in the device DVC is connected to the power supply system. In this embodiment, the power supply system designed in a way that controls the state of power generation in the module 10B energy (in particular, the node 12 energy), based at least on information about the functioning of the load request power), which is transmitted from the controller CNT included in the device DVC, via a terminal node ELx and corresponds to actuate the load LD.

In this embodiment, the controller CNT in which trojstva DVC, connected to the system power source, notify the system power source for information about bringing the load request power) in accordance with the state of operation of the load LD and has a function as a means to control actuation of the load to control the state of the load LD in accordance with information about energy production (information regarding stress components, information about the start-up stage and information about the shutdown)indicating the state of the energy generation system of the power source based on the request of electricity.

In the power supply system in accordance with this option run as shown on Fig, the power supply comprising a power controller and a power actuation load is issued from the host 11 to the source of auxiliary power and node 12 energy, similarly usually served on the controller N and the load LD of the device DVC via terminal EL of a single electrode, and a voltage component of this power supply (essentially power actuation load) is determined by the node 16 checking voltage at any given point in time and is controlled by the node 13 of the control.

<General principle is which variant execution>

The General principle of operation of the power source having the above construction is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a flowchart of the sequence of operations depicting schematically the principle of operation of the power source in accordance with a second embodiment of the execution. On Fig presents a view depicting the initial state (standby state) of the system power source in accordance with this option run. On Fig and 37 species representing the starting state of the system power supply in accordance with this option run. On Fig and 39 are presented depicting the steady state operation of the system power source in accordance with this option run. On Fig-42 are presented, depicting the state of the shutdown of the power source in accordance with this option run. If this describes the principle of operation with the appropriate links on the structure of the above system power source (Fig and 33}.

In this embodiment, when receiving information about the actuation of the load relating to control actuation of the load transmitted from the controller CNT included in the device DVC, via a terminal node ELx, in addition to terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode and the terminals of the EL (-) of the negative electrode, node 13 of the control provided in the module 10B energy, performs a sequence control operation described below. In addition to the General principle of this variant implementation, described below, all or only part of the overall principle of the above-mentioned first variant execution can be executed simultaneously in parallel.

I.e. as shown in Fig, the same as the above first embodiment, the execution system 301 power supply, having a structure in accordance with this option, mostly, is controlled to perform: initial stage (steps S201 and S202) for constant and continuous formation and output of electric power, which can be the working power for node 13 of the control operation and the power operation of the controller CNT (power controller)through node 11 source of auxiliary power, the start-up stage (steps S203-S206) to generate and output power, which can be electricity bring in the action of the load through the power supply start-up on site 12 energy and node 14 output control based on the actuation of the load LD; stage steady-state operation (steps S207-S210) to generate and output of electric power (electric power Pref is Denia in action load) in accordance with the state of operation of the load by adjusting the amount of fuel FL for energy production, supplied to the node 12 energy generation, based on the changing state of the load LD; and stage stop (steps S211-S214) to the end of generating electricity, which can be electricity actuate the load by stopping the fuel supply FL for energy production on site 12 energy generation, based on the stop of the load LD.

(A) Initial stage of operation of the second variant execution

First, at the initial stage, as shown in Fig, like the first option run the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20B, automatically is supplied to the node 11 AUX power module 10V energy through the fuel supply pipes provided in the front-end node 30 (step S201), and electric power (second electric power), which can be the working electric power and the electric power controller, Autonomous produced and excreted by the host 11 source of auxiliary power. In addition, the working electric power is continuously applied to the node 13 control operation, and the system power source is connected to the device DVC. In the electric power controller is supplied as a power supply (voltage Vs) to the controller CNT embedded in the device DVC, via terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) is otricatelxnogo electrode, provided in the power supply system (step S202). Then the mode is switched to the standby mode, when running only the node 13, the control module 10A of energy production and the controller CNT of the device DVC. In standby mode, the node 13 control constantly monitors information about the actuation of the load (the above query power of various kinds), transmitted from the controller CNT of the device DVC via a terminal node ELx in accordance with the state of actuation of the load.

(C) the Starting stage of the second variant execution

Then at launch stage, as shown in Fig, for example, when the user of the device DVC actuates switch PS power source or the like, provided in the device DVC, (inclusion), the request signal power, requesting the supply of electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity actuation load is displayed first in the form of information about the cast in action load from the controller CNT to node 13 control module 10V energy via a terminal node ELx. After receiving information about the actuation of the load from the controller CNT (step S203) node 13 control outputs to node 15 launch control signal to control the operation to start operation (start-up) is evil 12 energy (step S204). Based on the control signal from node 13 control operation, the node 15 launch control delivers fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20B, the node 12 energy through node 14 control output and generates and outputs the electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity actuate the load, through the submission part of the electric power (electric power E2)generated by node 11 source of auxiliary power, in the form of electricity start to node 14 control output (or node 14 control output and the node 12 energy) (step S205). Electricity actuate the load is supplied to the device DVC in the form of electricity supply with electric power controller produced by the above-described node 11 source auxiliary power terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode (step S206). In this regard, the voltage of electric power supplied to the device is changed so as to increase gradually from the voltage Vs in the above-described standby mode.

In this case, the above-described start-up phase of operation, as shown in Fig, when the output control signal for the start node 12 energy generation in step S204, the node 13, the control determines the change in the order of electric power supply (essentially, power actuation load), which is produced and issued by the host 12 energy and is supplied to the device DVC through node 16 checking voltage at any given point in time by means of the switch MS to the conducting state so as to connect the node 16 checking voltage between terminal EL (+) positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode. Then, as shown in Fig, node 13 control passes via a terminal node ELx from the controller CNT in the device DVC data about the voltage of the power supply defined by the node 16 checking voltage at any given point in time, or signal the end of the start-up phase of operation, which indicates that it reached a predetermined voltage Va based on the request of the electricity supply, as information about the operation of the energy generation. When the voltage of electric power supplied through the terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode reaches the voltage Va, suitable for actuating the load LD, the controller CNT is translated switch LS in the conducting state and delivers the electricity supply (electricity actuate the load) from the system power source to actuate the load LD, based on the fps information work for power generation, transmitted from node 13 to control the operation.

(C) the stage of steady-state operation of the second variant execution

Then at the stage of steady-state operation, as shown in Fig, similar to steps S107-S110 described in connection with the first variant implementation, the node 13, the control monitors the change in the voltage Va of the power supply (essentially, the change in the voltage of the electric power to actuate load)supplied to the device DVC, through node 16 checking voltage at any given point in time, and performs feedback control so that the voltage of the power supply can be set within the range of voltages based on a predetermined specified value.

At such a stage of steady-state operation, when the new state of the load LD is controlled and set by the controller CNT of the device DVC, as shown in Fig, the request signal changes of electricity, requesting the supply of a new generation (for example, the power supply having the voltage Vb in accordance with the state of operation of the load LD, the output at node 13 control operation via a terminal node ELx as information on the functioning of the load. After receiving information about the operation of the load, the node 13, the control displays the node 14 control you shall house the control signal to set the power produced and output node 12 energy generation in relation to the site 15 launch control, equal to the amount of electricity actuate the load in accordance with the new state of operation of the load LD (step S208).

Based on the control signal from node 13 performance management node 14 output control regulates the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy to be applied to the node 12 energy generation or heating time and the heating temperature of the heater (step S209), and controls so that the electric power of the power supplied to the device DVC, (electricity actuate the load) may have a voltage corresponding to the new state of operation of the load LD (step S210). I.e. the node 13 control operation changes the value specified for the installation of a range of stress related to the feedback control, is equal to the voltage Vb based on the request signal changes of electricity through reception of the change request electric power, and controls the amount of energy in the node 12 energy, so that may be generated electric power to actuate the load with a voltage corresponding to a modified voltage range. As a result, since the corresponding energy is fed in accordance with the state of the function is the planning (state load) load LD on the side of the device DVC, may be filed with the electric power corresponding to the power consumption of the device DVC (load LD), and can properly operate the load LD. Also, as it can be reduced to a large change in voltage of the power supply caused by the changing state of the load LD, it is possible to control the occurrence of operational failure or the like in the device DVC.

(D) phase of the shutdown of the second variant execution

Then on the aforementioned stage steady-state operation, as shown in Fig, similar to steps S111-S114 described in connection with the first variant of execution, a transfer device DVC from the on state to the off state (for example, the switch LS for power actuation load to the load LD is translated in the disconnected position) during the feedback control power supply or as a result of the malfunction of the device DVC or system 301 power supply, caused by any reason, when the state in which the voltage Va of the power supply is outside the predetermined voltage range, constantly determined within a predetermined period of time, the node 13, the control performs the processing of this particular condition as an incorrect voltage and revealing the t signal to the node 14 output management. Thus, the node 13 to control the operation of, for example, disables the fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy and controls the shutdown of the energy generation in node 12 energy (operation auto-off power source (automatic power off)).

Further, during steady-state operation, as shown in Fig if the load LD is stopped by transferring the switch LS, supplying power to the load LD in the off state by the controller CNT, when the user of the device DVC actuates switch PS power source or the like (off), or if the load is stopped (stopped working) as a result of the removal system 301 power supply of the device DVC, stop the operation of the load LD is managed and perceived by the controller CNT of the device DVC, and a request signal of stopping the supply of electricity, requesting the stop of power supply (electricity actuate the load from a system power source, produces at node 13 control operation via a terminal node ELx information about the actuation load. After receiving information about the actuation of the load (step S211) node 13 control outputs to node 14 control output signal control operation to stop verbadeliberately node 12 energy (step S212). Based on the control signal from node 13 performance management node 14 output control disables fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy and stops the heating of the heater promoting endothermic reaction for the formation of hydrogen (step S213). Node 14 control output thereby stopping the operation of the energy generation in node 12 energy and stops the supply of electricity (electricity actuate the load), in addition to the power controller to the device DVC (step S214).

Then at the stage stop work shown on Fig or 41, when the node 13 management work is carried out off site 12 energy through, for example, output control signal for stopping generation in node 12 energy or by determining the voltage of the power supply (essentially, electricity actuate the load), which is reduced as a result of disabling node 12 energy generation, using the node 16 checking voltage at any given point in time, as shown in Fig, the node 13 to control the operation of electrically disconnects the node 16 of the control voltage from the position between the terminal EL (+) a positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode and notifies through clemmys ELx controller CNT in the device DVC signal notification disconnecting the power source (signal notifications about automatic power), pointing to the shutdown of the energy generation in node 12 energy, or signal to stop the operation information about the operation of the energy generation. In the stop flow of fuel to generate energy, and the node 12 energy is automatically turned off to stop the operation of the load LD of the device DVC. Then stops the power supply to actuate the load on the device DVC, and system 301 of the power source and the device DVC again transferred in the above-described standby mode.

As described above, in accordance with the power supply system this alternative implementation, similar to the first variant execution, control supply and stop of power supply, which can be pre-defined power actuation, and control to adjust the amount subject to production of electricity can be activated in accordance with the state of the device (load)connected to the power supply system, and, in particular, the node 12 energy production can do the job for power generation only during the working mode in which the device DVC can function normally. So can effectively spent fuel for power generation and electromotive force can be maintained within dlitelnogo the time. Consequently, it is possible to create a system power source, which can implement the electrical characteristics essentially equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic element General purpose, provides less stress on the environment and has a very high energy efficiency.

In this embodiment, although description was given concerning bidirectional notification information, wherein the status information of the load is transmitted from the device DVC system power source and information about the operation of the energy generation is transmitted from the system power source to the device DVC, the present invention is not limited to this. Electricity actuate the load in accordance with the load status may be generated and displayed in the system power supply (module energy production) by performing at least one-way notification information, which is information about the actuation of the load is transmitted from the device DVC system power source.

[Third version of the runtime]

The third embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents the block diagram, the image is surrounding the third embodiment of the module energy production, used for system power source in accordance with the present invention. In this case, similarly to the aforementioned second version execution, although the description is given in relation to design, in which predetermined information is transmitted between the system power source and the device connected to the system power supply through the terminal node ELx, of course, that may be generated in the construction in which the power supply system connected to the device only through the terminals of the electrodes (the positive electrode terminal and negative electrode terminal), and no special notice between the system power source and the device, like the first option run. In addition, the same position denote elements equivalent to the elements in the above-mentioned first and second embodiments, execution, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

In modules 10A and 10B generate power in accordance with the first and second version execution description was provided in respect of construction for immediate release fuel FL to generate the energy used in the node 11 AUX power out of the system 301 power source in the form of exhaust gas or fuel gathering FL for energy production below what redstem collection byproduct. In the module 10C of energy production in accordance with this option run, however, when a specific fuel component, such as hydrogen or a hydrogen compound, even if the operation of the energy generation in node 11 AUX power implies or does not imply a change in the component as a fuel connection FL for power generation fuel FL to generate the energy used in the node 11 source of auxiliary power, directly re-used as fuel for energy generation in node 12 energy or reused by drawing on the specific content of the fuel.

Specifically, as shown in Fig module 10C of energy production in accordance with this option run contains the node 11 source of auxiliary power, having a structure and function similar structure and functions in the above-described second embodiment (see Fig); site 12 energy; site 13 control; site 14 output management; site 15 launch control; site 16 control voltage and electrode site ELx. In particular, the module 10C energy made so that all the fuel for energy production or part of it, used for generating electricity in the node 11 AUX power (which RA and convenience, below referred to as "exhaust gas"), can be connected to the node 12 energy through node 14 output management without issue out of module 10C of energy production.

Node 11 source auxiliary power supply is used for this variant execution is designed to generate and output a predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using and converting the fuel component of the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20 via the interface node 30 (e.g., device, energy, shown in the second, third, fifth or seventh example of the construction in the above-described first embodiment), or design for emitting the exhaust fuel gas containing the fuel component, which can be used for the energy generation in node 12 energy, even if consumed and converted fuel component fuel FL for energy production (for example, the unit of energy, shown in the fourth or sixth example of the structure in the above-described first embodiment).

In the case of application of energy, shown in the design examples from the first to the sixth of the above-mentioned first variant of execution of the node 12 of a power generation fuel FL to generate energy and, loaded in the fuel unit 20 applies a fuel substance, with Flammability or shoremont, such as liquid fuel based on alcohol, such as methanol, ethanol or butanol, or liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, such as dimethyl ether, isobutane or natural gas, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas.

I.e. liquid fuel or liquefied fuel is a liquid when it is loaded in the fuel unit 20 at a predetermined load conditions (temperature, pressure, and others). This fuel evaporates and becomes a fuel gas having a high pressure transition in a predetermined ambient conditions, such as normal temperature and normal pressure, at the time of submission to the node 11 source of auxiliary power. Also, when the fuel gas is compressed a predetermined pressure for download in the fuel block 20 and the feed node 11 source of auxiliary power, it becomes a fuel gas having a high pressure according to the pressure load. Therefore, after generating electric power (second electric power) of such fuel FL to generate energy through the use of, for example, the energy of the fuel gas pressure at the node 11 AUX power electricity (first El is the electric power) can be obtained in the electrochemical reaction, the combustion reaction or the like using the exhaust fuel gas from the source node 11 auxiliary power supply node 12 energy production.

[Fourth embodiment of]

The fourth embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a fourth embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention. Here, although description is given regarding the structure in which predetermined information is transmitted between the system power source and the device connected to the system power source, similarly to the aforementioned second and third variants of execution can be applied to the structure (the structure described in connection with the first variant of execution), in which no special notice is not carried out between the system power source and the device. In addition, the same position denote elements equivalent to the elements of the above embodiments from the first to the third, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As for the modules 10A and 10B generate power in accordance with the above options you is filling up from the first to the third, the description given in the application design as node 11 source of auxiliary power, in which a predetermined electric power (second electric power) continuously and autonomously produced in the result of the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20A and 20B. However, the module energy production in accordance with this option run has a structure in which the node 11 AUX power continuously and autonomously generates a predetermined electricity without using fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block.

Specifically, as shown in Fig module 10D energy in accordance with this option run contains the node 12 energy, having a structure and function similar to the structure and function of the above-mentioned second option (see Fig); site 13 control; site 14 output management; site 15 launch control; site 16 control voltage and electrode site ELx, and also has a node 11 source of auxiliary power for permanent and Autonomous generating predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block.

As a specific construction site 11 IP is student auxiliary power supply can be best applied, for example, a site that uses a thermoelectric conversion based on the temperature difference in the ring system environment 301 power supply (generation of energy based on the temperature difference), and the node that uses the photoelectric conversion based on the light energy from outside the system 301 power supply (photovoltaic generation).

A specific example of the node 11 AUX power is described below with reference to the drawings.

(The first example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power non-fuel type)

On figa and V presents schematic views of a design depicting a first example of construction of the source node of the auxiliary power applied to the module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the first example of construction, as a concrete example, the node 11S source auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy for generating electricity by generating thermoelectric energy conversion, using the temperature difference in a ring environment inside and outside the system 301 to the power source.

As shown in figa, node 11S source of auxiliary power in accordance with the first example of a structure has, for example, design is the construction of the power generator based on the temperature difference, contains: unit 311 maintain the first temperature, provided on one end part of the system 301 power supply; node 312 to maintain the second temperature, provided on the other end parts of the system 301 of the power source; element 313 thermoelectric conversion, one end of which is connected to the portion 311 of the node, save the first temperature, and the other end connected to the portion 312 of the node, save the second temperature. Thus the nodes 311 and 312 save the first and the second temperature is performed so that the amount of heat varies at any given time in accordance with the temperature condition of the ring environment inside and outside the system 301 power supply, and their placement is set so that the temperature at the nodes 311 and 312 save the first and the second temperature are different from each other.

Specifically, for example, you can apply the construction in which any one of the nodes 311 and 312 save the first and the second temperature is always open to the outside air or atmosphere through a hole or the like (not shown)provided in the device DVC connected to the system 301 of the power source so that it can be maintained at a fixed temperature. In addition, the element 313 thermoelectric conversion has a structure equivalent to the structure, is provided in the fourth example of the structure (see figv) in the above-described first embodiment. Incidentally, with regard to the design of the site 11S source of auxiliary power, with power generator based on the temperature difference, the node 11S source auxiliary power supply can also be integrated and formed in a small cavity in the application of the method of production by micromachining in this embodiment, similar to the construction above described embodiments.

Node 11S source of auxiliary power, with this construction, as shown in figv, when the temperature gradient is formed between nodes 311 and 312 save the first and the second temperature offset temperature distribution in the vicinity of the system 301 power source, an electromotive force in accordance with heat energy obtained from the temperature gradient is generated in thermoelectric effect element 313 thermoelectric conversion, thus creating electricity.

As a result of application of the device generate energy with this design, the source node of the auxiliary power supply so the predefined electricity continuously and autonomously generated by the node 11S source of auxiliary power, as there is a shift of the temperature distribution in OK is mestnosti system 301 power supply, and it could be filed for each design inside and outside the system 301 power supply. In addition, in accordance with this construction, since all fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20, can be used to generate electric power (first electric power) in the node 12 energy, it can effectively be used as fuel to generate energy and electricity as electricity actuate the load may be supplied to the device DVC for a long period of time.

Although the description has been given in respect of the power generator based on the temperature difference to generate electricity depending on the bias of the temperature distribution in the vicinity in thermoelectric effect in this example design, the present invention is not limited to this, and it can have a design for generating electricity based on the phenomenon of thermionic emission emission when free electrons are emitted from a metal surface as a result of heating the metal.

(Second example of the structure of the source node of the auxiliary power non-fuel type)

On figa and V presents schematic views of a design depicting a second example of the construction site 11T source of auxiliary power, when animago module energy production in accordance with this variant of execution.

In the second example of construction, as a specific example, the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed in the form of the device generate energy for generating electricity through the development of photovoltaic energy conversion using light energy from outside the system 301 to the power source.

As shown in figa, node 11T source of auxiliary power in accordance with the first example of the structure is, for example, a well-known element of the photoelectric conversion (solar cell)having a semiconductor 321 p-type and the semiconductor 322 n-type joined together.

When this item with the photoelectric conversion illuminated by light LT (light energy)having a predetermined wavelength, are formed a pair of electron-positive hole near the node 323 p-n junction in the photovoltaic effect, and the electrons (-), polarized by the electric field in the element with the photoelectric conversion, drift to the semiconductor 322 n-type, while positive holes (+) are drifting to the semiconductor 321 p-type, and produces an electromotive force between the electrodes (between the output terminals Of the first and)provided respectively on the semiconductor p-type and the n-type semiconductor, thereby creating electricity.

p> Here, generally speaking, as the cavity for placement of the element (or source unit) in the existing device is located where troubled receipt of light energy (specifically, sunlight or light) on the back side of the surface or other device, or this cavity is designed to accommodate full member in the device, there is a possibility that the light will not be sufficient to arrive at the source node of the auxiliary power supply. In the case of joining systems 301 power source which applies the node 11T source of auxiliary power in accordance with this example design, the device DVC therefore, as shown in figv, you must use this design to be able to do the minimum light energy (light LT having a predetermined wavelength)required for generating predetermined electric power node 11T source of auxiliary power, as a result of application design, in which the open part or part HL foreseen in the device DVC, or design to the device DVC consisted of a transparent or semi-transparent element, so, at least, could be open node 11 AUX power or module 10C of energy production.

In the note is a device to generate power, with this construction, the source node of the auxiliary power therefore, a predetermined electric power can continuously and autonomously generated by the node 11T source of auxiliary power and be submitted at each design inside and outside the system 301 to the power source until the device DVC is used in the environment where it can do a predetermined light energy, such as the external environment or the internal environment. In addition, in accordance with this construction, since all fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20, can be used to generate electric power (first electric power) in the node 12 energy production, can effectively be used as fuel for energy production.

By the way, in this example, the design on FIGU, although it was described only the most common design element of the photoelectric conversion (solar cell), the present invention is not limited to this, may be applied to the design based on any other configuration or principle that has a higher efficiency of energy production.

<a Means of collecting by-product>

The collection tool a by-product, used for system power source in accordance with each of the above option run below opisyvaet is with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment the means for collecting by-product used for system power source in accordance with the present invention. Here, similarly to the above-mentioned options run from second to fourth, although the description is given in terms of the structure in which predetermined information is transmitted between the system power source and the device connected to the system power supply may be used a structure in which not passed any special information between the system power source and the device structure described in connection with the first variant of execution). In addition, the same position indicate the elements equivalent to elements in each of the above-mentioned embodiment, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

In each of the above embodiments, when used as a node 12 energy generation or node 11 AUX power design for generating predetermined electric power through electrochemical reaction or combustion reaction resulting from the use of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20E (site energy generation or the source node of the auxiliary power supply, shown in each of the above-mentioned examples design), in addition to electricity can be produced by-product. As a side product may contain a substance that can cause rapid deterioration of the environment if released into the wild, or substance, which in some cases may be a condition of malfunction of the device attached to the system power source, it is preferable to use a design that includes a means of collecting such by-product, as described below, as must as possible to resolve the issue of such a by-product.

In the module 10E energy, fuel unit 20E and the front-end node 30E having the structure and function of equivalent structures and functions in each of the above embodiments, as shown in Fig tool collection by-product used for system power source in accordance with the present invention has a configuration in which, for example, the node 17 collection of separated product to collect just a by-product, or part thereof, produced when generating electricity in the node 12 energy, provided in the module 10E energy, and the node 21 storage of the harvested product for persistent storage the collected by-product is provided in the fuel unit 20E. By the way, although described in detail below, only what about the case when going by-product formed in the node 12 energy generation, it goes without saying that such a structure the same way can be applied to node 11 source of auxiliary power.

Node 17 collecting the separated product has the structure shown in each of the above embodiments. Node 12 energy (can be enabled node 11 AUX power) to generate electricity, which can be electricity actuate the load (voltage/electric current) in relation to the device DVC, joined the system 301 power supply, the node 17 collection of separated product separates a byproduct produced when generating electricity, or a specific component in side the product and delivers it to the site 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20E, by channel collection byproduct located in the front-end node 30E.

Incidentally, the node 12 energy (may be included in the node 11 AUX power), applies to each of the above embodiments, the side products formed during the formation of electricity, water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur oxide (SOx) and others, and all of them or part of them, or only to skretny component is collected by the node 17 collection of separated product and is supplied to the channel collection byproduct. Meanwhile, if the collected by-product is in a liquid state, can be used capillary phenomenon for automatic feed by-product from node 17 collection of separated product to the site 21 storing the collected product through education channel collection by-product, so that its inner diameter can vary continuously.

Next, the node 21 storage of the collected product is provided inside the fuel unit 20E or as part of, and made so that it is able to serve and to store a by-product collected by node 17 collection of separated product only when the fuel unit 20E is connected to the module 10E energy. I.e. the system power source is performed so that the fuel unit 20E may be connected to the module 10E energy or disconnected from him, without limitation, when the fuel unit 20E is separated from the module 10E energy collected and stored by-product or a specific component can permanently or permanently stored in the node 21 storage of the harvested product, so that a by-product or a specific component cannot leak or be released to the outside from the fuel unit 20E.

In this case, as described above, in cases where water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx) or sulfur oxide (so x) formed as by-produktov a result of the formation energy in the node 12 energy, as water (H2O) is in a liquid state at normal temperature and under normal pressure, a by-product is best to file for node 21 storage of the harvested product to collect by-product. However, in the case of a by-product, such as nitrogen oxide (NOx) or sulfur oxide (so x), the evaporation temperature of which is below the normal temperature under normal pressure and which are in a gaseous state, because of the possibility that their cubic volume becomes too large and exceeds the predetermined capacity of the node 21 storage of the harvested product, the collected by-product can be siren, and its cubic volume can be reduced by increasing the air pressure in node 17 collection of separated product and node 21 storage of the harvested product, thus saving a by-product in the node 21 storing the collected product.

Therefore, as a specific construction site 21 storage of the collected product is best to use design, capable of, for example, to irreversibly absorb, how to absorb, and to capture or record the collected by-product or a specific component, for example a construction in which an absorbent polymer fills the node 21 storage of the harvested product, or design, including creditablecoverage leakage of the collected material, such as a control valve, which is closed by the internal pressure of the node 21 storage of the harvested product, or physical pressure of a spring, or the like, similarly to the above-mentioned means to prevent leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20.

In addition, the power supply system provided a means of collecting a by-product of having such a construction, in the case of use as a node 12 energy production of this fuel cell type reformer fuel, as shown in Fig, carbon dioxide (CO2), formed together with gaseous hydrogen (H2)resulting from the reaction of steam reforming, the reaction conversion of water and the selective oxidative reaction (see chemical reactions (1)-(3)) in node 210A of the reforming fuel, water (H2O), formed together with the production of electric power (first electric power), the resulting electrochemical reaction (see chemical equations (6) and (7)) in node 210b of the fuel cell, are produced from a node 12 energy as by-products. However, as the amount subject to the filing of carbon dioxide (CO2) is very small and has almost no effect on the device, it comes out from the system power supply as uncollectible substance, and, on the other hand, water (H2O) or the like is collected by node 7 collection of separated product. Then she moves to node 21 storage of the harvested product in the fuel unit 20E channel collection by-product, using a capillary phenomenon, and, for example, permanently stored in the node 21 storage of the harvested product.

In this case, since the electrochemical reactions (chemical equations (2) and (3) ) in node 12 energy (fuel element) occurs at a temperature of about 60-80°C., water (H2O)from node 12 energy produced essentially in the vapor (gaseous) state. Thus, the node 17 collection of separated product Sziget only water (H2O) component, for example, by cooling the vapors produced by the node 12 energy generation, or by application of pressure and separates it from the other gaseous components, thereby collecting this component.

Incidentally, in this embodiment, the description is given for the case when the fuel cell with reformer fuel is used as a construction site 12 energy production, and methanol (CH3IT is used as fuel for energy generation. Therefore, relatively easy to be implemented separation and collection of a specific component (namely water) in the node 17 collection of separated product, when for the most part a by-product resulting from vyrabatyvaemaya, is water (H2About), and a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) comes out from the system power source. However, when other than methanol, the substance used as fuel for energy or when different from the fuel element design is used as node 12 energy production, in some cases together with water (H2(O) may form a relatively large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen dioxide (NOx), sulfur dioxide (so x), or the like

In this case, after the separation, for example, water in liquid form from any other specific gaseous component (carbon dioxide or the like)formed in large quantities in the node 17 collection of separated product via the above method of separation, they can be stored together or separately in one or multiple nodes 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20E.

As described above, in accordance with the power supply system that uses a collection tool a by-product in accordance with this option run as a release or leak of a by-product output from the system power supply can be reduced through irreversible storage node 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20E, at m is d one component a by-product, formed during the production of electricity module 10E energy, it is possible to prevent a malfunction or deterioration in the qualities of the device due to by-product (e.g., water). Also, by collecting fuel unit 20E, holding in itself a by-product, by-product can be appropriately treated in a way that does not exert pressure on the natural environment, thereby preventing the pollution of the environment or global warming because of the side product (for example, carbon dioxide).

A by-product, collected as described above collection of separated product is irreversibly stored in the storage node of the assembled product by the next operation of the store.

On figa-48S are presented depicting the principle of operation of storing byproduct means for collecting by-product in accordance with this option run. Here the same position denote structures equivalent to the structures in each of the above embodiments, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in figa, fuel block 20 in accordance with this alternative implementation has a fixed volume and contains: cavity 22A fuel loading, which is loaded or which fills the fuel FL to produce energy, such as methane is l; the cavity 22B storing the collected product for storing therein a by-product such as water supplied from node 17 collection of separated product; and a package of 23 collection, which changes the capacity of the cavity 22B storage of the harvested product, and completely separates the cavity 22B storing the collected product from the cavity 22A fuel loading, as described below, the valve 24A fuel supply for supplying at site 14 control output fuel FL to generate the energy loaded into the cavity 22A fuel loading; and valve 24V intake side product (intake passage) to the inlet side of the product supplied from the node 17 collection of separated product into the cavity 22B storage of the harvested product.

As described above, as the valve 24A of the fuel, and the valve 24 to the inlet side of the product are designed to be equipped with, for example, the function of the check valve so that the fuel supply FL for energy production or intake side of the product may be allowed only when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10E energy production via the interface node 30E. Incidentally, instead of providing the function of a check valve to valve 24V inlet side of the product, as described above, may be used a construction in which an absorbing (absorbing water) polymer or the like filled in the node 22B storage of the harvested product.

In the fuel block 20 having such a structure, when the fuel to generate the energy loaded into the cavity 22A load of fuel is supplied to the module 10E energy production (node 12 energy, the node 11 AUX power) through the valve 24A of the fuel supply, the operation is performed by generating a predetermined electric power, and is separated and collected only a specific component (e.g., water) in the side product formed by node 17 collecting the separated product in the production of electricity. Then it is extracted and stored in the cavity 22B storing the collected product with channel collection byproduct and valve 24 to the inlet side of the product.

As a result, as shown in figv 48S and decreases the volume of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded into the cavity 22A fuel loading, and, in General, increases the amount of a specific component or substance stored in the cavity 22B storage of the harvested product. In this case, the use of constructions in which an absorbent polymer or the like, fills the cavity 22B storing the collected product can control the volume of the cavity 22B storing the collected product, so that the cavity 22B storing the collected product may have a higher capacity than the real capacity of recoverable by-product.

Therefore, with regard to the dependence the value between the cavities 22A and 22B fuel loading, these cavities are not just increasing or decreasing relative to each other when working on the production of electricity (energy production) in the module 10 energy, and pressure is applied to fuel FL to generate the energy loaded into the cavity 22A fuel loading, stretching package 23 collection in an outward direction by a predetermined pressure, as shown in figv, in accordance with the amount of side product, which is stored in the cavity 22B storage of the harvested product. Fuel FL for power generation module 10E energy may be so made accordingly, and fuel FL to generate the energy loaded into the cavity 22A fuel loading, may be submitted as long as it is not used fully by the side of the product stored in the cavity 22B storing the collected product, as shown in figs.

Incidentally, in this embodiment, the description is given for the case when the by-product or part of it, separated and collected by node 17 collecting the separated product is additionally provided in the module 10E energy is collected and stored in the fuel unit 20, and a non-collectible agent is discharged out of the system 301 power supply. However, it can be applied to a design in which the entire assembled side ol the product or part of it (for example, water is re-used as fuel in the production of electricity in the module 10E energy (in particular, the node 12 energy and node 11 AUX power). Specifically, in the structure in which the unit of energy, consisting of fuel

element, is used as node 12 energy (may be included in the node 11 AUX power), water is formed as a side product. As described above, however, in a fuel cell type reformer fuel as the water required for the reaction of steam reforming or other fuel to produce energy, it is possible to use a construction in which part of the water in the collected by-product is fed to the node 12 energy and re-used for this reaction, as indicated by the dashed lines (labeled "collect the material to be reused") Fig. In accordance with this design, as there may be a reduced amount of water, pre-loaded in the fuel unit 20 together with the fuel FL to generate energy for the reaction of steam reforming or the like, and the amount of by-product (water)is stored in the node 21 storage of the harvested product, more fuel FL for energy production can be loaded in the fuel block 20 having a fixed capacity, thereby improving the capabilities of the power source as the power source.

<a Means of determining the residual amount>

The means of determining the residual amount of fuel to generate the energy used for system power source in accordance with each of the above embodiments, is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment of a means for determining the residual amount used for system power source in accordance with the present invention. Next, Fig presents a view depicting the state in its start-up phase of operation of the system power source in accordance with this option run; Fig presents a view depicting the state of the stage of steady-state operation of the system power source in accordance with this variant of execution; and Fig presents a view depicting the status stage of the shutdown of the power source in accordance with this option run. Here, similarly to the options run from second to fourth, a description is given for the case where predetermined information is transmitted between the system power source and the device connected to the system power source. However, it is possible to apply a structure in which toroi not carried out any special notice between the system power source and the device (design, shown in the first embodiment). In addition, the same position indicate structural elements equivalent to the elements in each of the above embodiments, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in Fig, in the module 10F energy, fuel block 20F and the front-end node 30F with the structure and function of equivalent structures and functions in each of the above embodiments, the means for determining the residual amount of fuel used for system power source in accordance with the present invention has a structure in which the node 18 determine the residual amount to determine the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy remaining in the fuel unit 20F, (residual quantity) and its output signal determining the residual amount to the node 13, the operation control is provided inside any of the module 10F production energy, the front-end node 30F and the fuel unit 20F (here inside the module 10F energy generation).

Node 18 determine the residual amount is used to determine the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy remaining in the fuel unit 20F. For example, when the fuel FL for energy loaded in the fuel unit 20F in the liquid state, the residual quantity of fuel FL for energy determine eleesa through the application of the method of measuring the level of liquid fuel by the optical sensor or the like or method to measure changes in light attenuation (reduction ratio power light)which has passed through the fuel. Then the residual fuel amount FL for energy production, a certain node 18 residual quantity is displayed on the node 13, the operation control in the form of a signal determining the residual amount. Based on the signal to determine the residual amount, the node 13, the control outputs the control signal to control the state of the node 12 energy generation on site 14 control output and displays the information about the residual amount of fuel for power generation, the controller CNT contained in the device DVC. It should be noted that the node 18 determine the residual amount is driven by electric power from the node 11 of the auxiliary source of power whenever the fuel unit 20F with fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in it, connected with the module 10F energy generation and interface node 30F.

In the power supply system having such a construction, in the main, can be applied to the operation equivalent to the control in the above-mentioned second embodiment (including the case where the operation in the first embodiment, the simultaneously executed in parallel), and the Department of works is th, inherent in this option, perform, such as described below, may be applied in addition to the above control.

First, at the starting stage of the work with the General principle of operation described in connection with the first and second options (see Fig and 34)when the node 13 control determines the change in the voltage of the power supply via node 16 checking voltage, or when he receives information about the actuation of the load, which is transmitted from the controller N contained in the device DVC, and queries the power supply node 13 management work refers to the signal to determine the residual amount from the node 18 of the residual quantity and decides whether the fuel FL for energy production, the amount of which is sufficient for normal start node 12 energy, before work on the output node 15 of the control start control signal for the start node 12 energy (steps S104 or S204).

When the node 13, the control determines that the fuel to generate the energy available in sufficient quantity, necessary for the start-up phase for node 12 energy remains in the fuel unit 20F, based on the signal to determine the residual amount, the node 13, the control performs the starting phase of the business (the AGI S104-S106 or S204-S206), described in connection with the above first or second embodiment of the execution, generates electricity actuate the load node 12 energy and supplies a predetermined power to the device DVC.

On the other hand, as shown in Fig when the node 13, the control determines that the fuel for energy production in sufficient quantity, necessary for the start-up phase remains in the fuel unit 20F, based on the signal to determine the residual amount (when it determines the residual error amount), the node 13, the control notifies the controller CNT in the device DVC on the error signal of the start, based on the residual error number, as information about the operation of the energy generation via a terminal node ELx. As a result, the controller CNT may notify the user of the device DVC about the information concerning the error of the residual, and take appropriate processing, such as replacing system power supply or replenishment of fuel for energy production.

In addition, during steady-state operation described in connection with the first or second embodiment (see Fig and 34), as shown in Fig, the node 13, the control operation can continuously monitor the signal to determine the residual amount of (residual amount) determined by the unit 18 to determine the residual amount, and notifies via a terminal node ELx controller CNT in the device DVC information signal remaining number, such as the estimated remaining time during which the data on the actual residual amount, relative to the residual amount or electricity can be displayed on the controller CNT contained in the device DVC, in the form of information about the operation of the energy generation.

As shown in Fig, the node 13, the control operation may throw at node 14 control output, for example, the control signal to control the number of generating electricity in the node 12 energy generation in accordance with a residual amount of fuel FL to generate the energy the particular host 18 determine the residual amount, to regulate with the aim of reducing the amount of fuel to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy because there is less residual fuel amount FL for energy production, and to control the electric power to actuate the load (essentially, the voltage of the power supplied to the device DVC), produced node 12 energy for a gradual change in (decrease) in time.

Therefore, the controller CNT can accurately detect the residual quantity of fuel for energy production in the source system Pete the treatment or estimated time, allows you to operate the device DVC, based on the information signal on the residual quantity or the change in the voltage of the power supply, and to notify the user of the information system replacement power supply or replenishment of fuel for energy production. So, for example, the function of notifying the user of the device remaining number in the item best to operate based on the output voltage from the power source or the remaining number in the element, thereby realizing operating under essentially equivalent to compliance when using the galvanic element General purpose as the working power of the device.

This steady-state stage, when the node 13 work management determines the residual error number, such as a sudden drop in the residual amount of fuel FL to generate energy from node 18 to determine the residual amount, during the feedback control of the electric power supply (electric power to actuate the load generated by the node 12 energy), as shown in Fig, the node 13, the control turns off the supply of fuel for energy production on site 12 energy and stops the operation of the energy generation node 12 production energy is through the output node 14 control output control signal to stop generating power node 12 energy as information about the operation of the energy generation. In addition, the node 13, the operation control stops the heating by the heater, promoting endothermic reaction for the formation of hydrogen, and notifies via a terminal node ELx controller CNT in the device DVC signal abnormal shutdown, based on the residual error number, or the shutdown node 12 energy as information about the operation of the energy generation. As a result, the controller CNT may notify the user of the device DVC information regarding stop working due to an error of the residual, and encourage the adoption of relevant measures against occurrence of leakage or other fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20F outside of the system 301 to the power source.

Following specifically describes the design of each block.

[Fifth embodiment of]

(A) the Module 10 energy

The following is a description in respect of the fifth variant of the module execution energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, with reference to Fig. Here the same position indicate the structural elements equivalent structural elements in the first embodiment, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

Module 10G energy in accordance with this option run made so that, basically, what will win: the node 11 AUX power (the second tool power source), which continuously and autonomously generates a predetermined electric power (second electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G via the interface node 30G, and delivers it at least as energy of activation (power controller) to the controller CNT, which is included in the device DVC connected to the system 301 power source, and controls the actuation of the load LD (element or module having the function of various types for the device DVC), and the working power for the following node 13 of the control operation, which is provided in the module 10G production energy; node 13 of the control operation, which operates on electric power supplied from the node 11 to the source of auxiliary power, and controls the operating state of the entire system 301 power supply; site 12 energy (the first tool power source)that generates a predetermined electric power (first electric power) through the use of fuel to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G via the interface node 30G, or specific fuel component to be extracted from the fuel to generate the energy and throws it at least as electricity actuate the load for the implementation of the options is th (load LD) different types of the device DVC, connected to the system 301 power supply; site 14 output management, which manages at least a quantity of fuel to generate the energy to be applied to the node 12 energy production, and/or subject to the submission of the magnitude of the electric power based on the control signal from node 13 management work; and the node 15 launch control that controls at least the node 12 energy to transfer from the standby mode of operation in which produces energy based on the control signal from node 13 management work. Node 13 performance management node 14 control output and the node 15 of the starting control in accordance with this option run form a system management tool in the present invention.

Module 10G energy has a structure in which the node 18 determine the residual amount to determine the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy remaining in the fuel unit 20G, (residual amount) and the output signal of the determination of the residual amount to the node 13, the operation control provided within any of the modules: 10G power production, front-end node 30G or fuel block 20G (here inside the module 10G energy generation).

That is, the system 301 power supply in accordance with this option run made is so, that it is capable of producing a predetermined electric power (electric power actuation load to the device DVC connected to the system 301 power supply, regardless of fuel or control from outside of the system (module 10G of energy production, fuel block 20G and interface node 30G).

<Site 11 AUX power in the fifth embodiment>

As shown in Fig, node 11 AUX power applied to the module energy production in accordance with this option run-shaped so that it continuously and autonomously generates a predetermined electric power (second electric power)required for the start-up phase of operation of the system 301 of the power source, through the use of physical or chemical energy of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G. In addition, this power in the General case consists of: power actuation (power controller) controller, which is included in the device DVC and manages his condition; energy E1, which is constantly supplied as operating power to the node 13 control operation to control the operational state of the module 10G energy and node 18 residual quantities for the determination of the sufficient amount of fuel FL for energy production, loaded in the fuel block 20G; and electricity E2, which is supplied at least to the node 14 control output (can be enabled node 12 energy depending on design), the node 15 launch control and the node 18 of the residual quantity of the power quality start (voltage/electric current during the start-up module 10G of energy production. It should be noted that electricity, which can be the working power for the node 18 determine the residual amount may be submitted after the start of the module 10G energy through node 15 launch control, and later to be continued.

As a specific construction site 11 source of auxiliary power, for example, could be best applied design that uses an electrochemical reaction using fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G (fuel cell), or design that uses thermal energy generated by the reaction of catalytic combustion (production of energy based on the temperature difference). You can also apply a design that uses an action for conversion of the kinetic energy or the like for generating electric power by rotating the power generator using a pressure load to t the Pliva FL for energy production, loaded in the fuel unit 20G, or the pressure of the gas formed by evaporation of fuel (energy generation using gas turbines), design, exciting an electron, formed as a result of metabolism (photosynthesis, aspiration, or the like) via microbial fuel FL to generate energy as a power source and directly converts it into electricity (biochemical energy production), design, converts the vibrational energy generated from the energy of the liquid fuel FL for energy production, based on the pressure load or pressure of the gas into electricity through the use of electromagnetic induction principle (vibrational energy), design using the discharge from the block means of energy storage, such as secondary element (charger battery or a capacitor structure that stores electric power generated by each structure that energy production in the means of energy storage (secondary element, a capacitor or the like), and emitting (effective discharge), or the like

<the General principle of the fifth variant of the execution>

The General principle of operation of the system power source having the above construction is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents BC is to diagram the sequence of operations, depicting a schematic principle of operation of the power source. Description is provided with the appropriate references to the structure of the above system power source (Fig).

As shown in Fig, the system 301 power source having the structure described above, is controlled so that, in General, performs: initial stage (steps S101 and S102) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, the module 10 energy and a constant and continuous formation and distribution of electric power (second electric power), which can be the working electric power and the electric power controller node 11 source of auxiliary power, the start-up stage (steps S103-S106) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20, a node 12 energy generation, based on the residual amount of fuel for power generation in the fuel unit 20, and the actuation of the load LD of the device DVC, and generating and outputting electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity actuate the load; the stage of steady-state operation (steps S109-S113) for adjusting the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy generation, based on the residual amount of fuel for energy production and the state is agrusti LD, and performing feedback control to generate and output power in accordance with the state of the load LD and the stage of shutdown (steps S114-S116) to disable fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy generation, based on the stop of the load LD and stop generating electricity. The result can be implemented in the system power source is applied even in the existing device DVC.

(A) Initial stage of operation of the fifth variant of execution

First, the initial stage in the power supply system in which the module 10 energy and fuel block 20 is made integral with the front-end node 30 through the output of the off channel fuel front-end node 30 during, for example, the joining device, the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, moves the fuel supply under the action of capillary phenomena of the fuel supply and automatically supplied to the node 11 AUX power module 10 energy (step S101). Node 11 source of auxiliary power, at least, the electric power (second electric power), which can be the working electric power to the node 13, the operation control, and electrical power actuation (electric power controller)controller CNT, included in the device DVC, Autonomous produced and constantly and continuously issued (only electricity, which can be the working power for node 13 control and node 18 determine the residual amount, shall be issued until such time as the system power source is connected to the device) (step S102).

On the other hand, in the power supply system, are made so that the module 10 energy and fuel unit 20 can be connected and disconnected without limitation by connecting the fuel block 20 with the module 10 energy through the interface unit 30, turning off leakage prevention means for preventing leakage of fuel provided to the fuel block 20, and the fuel to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, moves the fuel supply under the action of capillary phenomena of the fuel supply and automatically supplied to the node 11 AUX power module 10 energy (step S101). Node 11 AUX power electric power (second electric power), which can be, at least, the working electric power and the electric power controller, Autonomous produced and constantly and continuously issued (only electricity, which can be the working power for node 13 management work is Oh and node 16 residual quantity displayed as long as the system power source is connected to the device) (step S102).

As a result, the node 13 control and node 18 determine the residual amount of module 10 energy begin to operate and control information about the actuation of the load from the device DVC and the signal determining the residual amount from node 16 to determine the residual amount. In addition, when the system power source is connected to the device DVC, part of the power generated by the source node 11 auxiliary power is supplied to the controller CNT contained in the device DVC, as a power controller, and the controller CNT is activated and controls the actuation of the load LD of the device DVC. Also, the node 13 management system 301 power supply module (10 energy) is informed about the state of actuation as information about the actuation of the load.

(C) the Starting stage of work of the fifth variant of execution

Then on the start-up phase of operation, when the user of the device DVC or the like, performs an operation for actuation of the load LD, the request signal power, requesting the supply of electric power (first electric power), which can be electricity actuate the load for node 13 control the direction module 10 energy, output from the controller CNT as information about the actuation load. After receiving information about the actuation of the load indicating the deviation of the voltage input via the terminal node ELx system 301 of the power source (step S103), the node 13 control operation accesses data about the residual fuel amount FL for energy production, based on the signal to determine the residual amount of output from node 16 to determine the residual amount, and decides whether there is or there is no fuel FL for energy generation, with the number being able to perform the starting stage (step S104), before starting stage of the work module 10 energy.

Thus, when the determined error in the residual fuel amount FL for energy production (for example, when the residual quantity is equal to zero), the node 13, the control displays information about the residual amount of fuel is related to the error in the residual amount, the controller CNT of the device DVC, notifies the user of the device DVC about this error and stops the starting phase of the business. On the other hand, when it is determined that a sufficient amount of fuel FL for energy remains in the fuel unit 20, the node 13, the control displays the node 15 control start control signal for beginning the La work site energy generation (start) node 12 energy (step S105).

Based on the control signal from node 13 performance management through the supply part of the electricity generated by the node 11 of the auxiliary source of power, to the node 14 control output and the node 12 energy as electricity start-up (step S106), the node 15 launch control delivers fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20, a node 12 energy through node 14 output management and job generation (first generation), which can be electricity actuate the load, and output it to the device DVC (load LD) (step S107). As a result, after receiving fuel for energy generation node 12 energy automatically starts in response to a request for actuation of the load LD of the device DVC, and power actuation load consisting of a predetermined output voltage. Therefore, the load LD properly can operate, at the same time realizing the characteristics of electricity, essentially equivalent to the characteristic of a galvanic cell for General use.

This start-up phase of operation, the node 13, the operation control can be performed so that monitors the change in voltage of the electric power (electric power cast in action is their load), produced by node 12 energy and supplied to the device DVC as one kind of information about the actuation of the load, and outputs a signal of the end of the start, indicating that a predetermined voltage is reached, the controller N device DVC. Therefore, based on the voltage of the electric power to actuate the load, the present invention also needed may be applicable as a power source for the device DVC, with a design to control the state of actuation of the load LD.

(C) the stage of steady-state operation of the fifth variant of execution

Then at the stage of steady-state operation after the above-mentioned starting point, as a General control (control voltage) output voltage electricity actuate the load until the node 13 control operation will not be performed in the following stage of the shutdown, on the basis of, for example, stopping the load LD, the node 13, the control operation is continuously or periodically determines the signal to determine the residual amount from node 18 to determine the residual amount, and controls the data about the residual fuel amount FL for energy generation (step S109); accesses a predetermined correlation table, which defines the corre is Asia between residual the quantity of fuel for energy production and the output voltage, based on the remaining number (step S110); and sends to the node 14 control output the control signal to control so that the amount subject to production of electric power (amount of power generation) in the node 12 energy is changed in accordance with a predetermined characteristic of the output voltage (step S111).

Here, referring to the correlation table, the node 13, the control generates a control signal to control so that changes the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load, the output from module 10 energy, at the same time providing a characteristic output voltage equivalent to, for example, the trends of change in voltage with time in the galvanic elements General purpose of the same type (for example, manganese element, alkali element, an alkaline element button-type lithium element in the form of coins and other). At this point, the node 13, the operation control outputs to the controller CNT included in the device DVC, the data on the actual residual amount of or relating to the residual amount or the estimated remaining time during which you may receive electricity, as information about the residual amount of fuel.

Based on the control signal from node 13 the Board operation, node 14 output control regulates the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy (step S112 (), and controls so that the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load applied to the device DVC, can be set equal to the voltage in accordance with the characteristic of the output voltage (step S113). As a result, since the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load supplied from the system 301 power supply to the device DVC, demonstrates the trend changes over time, is equivalent to a change in the galvanic element General purpose, the existing notification function remaining number, which has the controller CNT included in the device DVC, may best be implemented, based on the output voltage or information about the residual amount of fuel, and the user of the device DVC may periodically or continuously to obtain information about the residual amount of the element or the estimated time within which it may operate the load LD.

In addition, as a partial control of the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load (individual control voltage), in addition to the above General management, site 13, the operation control signal is to accept the change of the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load, supplied from the node 12 to generate power to the device DVC as information about the actuation of the load, and sends to the node 14 control output signal control operation to control the amount of electric power (amount of energy)generated in the node 12 energy production, to increase or decrease so that the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load can be set within a predetermined voltage range (range of the allowable deviation of the output voltage that varies in accordance with the characteristic of the output voltage in the above galvanic cell General purpose). As a result, the node 14 output control regulates the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy generation, based on the control signal from node 13 to control the operation, and performs a feedback control so that the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load applied to the device DVC, can be set within the above range of voltages. Therefore, even if the voltage of the electric power to actuate the load changes due to a change of state of actuation (state load) load LD on the side of the device DVC, what about it is possible to supply electric power in accordance with the power consumption of the device DVC, which varies with actuation of the load LD.

In addition, if the state of actuation of the load LD is determined by the controller CNT of the device DVC and has a function to request the supply of electricity in accordance with the state of the actuation part of the system power source, the node 13, the control operation may, as an additional partial control of the output voltage of the power actuation load to receiving the request to change power from the controller CNT as information about the load status and issues to the node 14 control output the control signal to set the power generated at the node 12 energy equal to the output voltage in accordance with the request. As a result, based on the control signal from node 13 performance management node 14 output control regulates the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied to the node 12 energy generation, control is performed so that the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load applied to the device DVC, can be set equal to the voltage in accordance with the request, and the corresponding electric power can be fed in accordance with the operation States (state load) load D on the side of the device DVC. Therefore, can be significantly reduced by changing the voltage of the electric power when the load caused by changes in the state of the load LD, and you can control the appearance of errors in the device DVC.

The following description is given in relation to the characteristics of the output voltage applied to the overall management of the output voltage of the electric power for the load described in detail above.

On Fig presents a graph showing the time variation of the output voltage of the system power source in accordance with this option run. Here, description is given when comparing the characteristics of the electromotive force (characteristics of the output voltage; see Fig and 77) between the galvanic element of the overall purpose and the fuel element of the prior art, at the same time referring to the design of the above system power source (Fig).

As shown in Fig, with regard to the characteristics of the output voltage (below which is called "the first characteristic Sa output voltage" for the sake of convenience of description) in the power supply system in accordance with this variant of execution, for example, the output voltage is controlled so that demonstrates the trend changes, equivalent, essentially, the changes in time of the output voltage(characteristic Sp electromotive force), caused by the discharge in the galvanic element General purpose, shown in Fig. I.e. controlled (set to decrease)at least the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy to be applied to the node 12 energy through node 14 output control so that the state of energy in the node 12 of a power generation module 20 energy may be reduced depending on time, caused by the discharge (in other words, the residual quantity of liquid fuel in the fuel block 20).

Specifically, as for the method of controlling the output voltage in accordance with this option run as described above, the amount of fuel FL to generate the energy remaining in the fuel block 20, is determined by the first node 16 residual quantity, and its signal to determine the residual amount of constantly (continuously or intermittently applied to the node 13 management work. Here the residual fuel amount FL for energy production, however, decreased in a time-dependent, caused by the production of electricity in the node 12 energy production, and, therefore, have a close correlation residual fuel amount FL for energy and elapsed time.

On the other hand, the node 13 control equipped with a correlation table having Pervouralsky Sa output voltage, through which is uniquely determined by the correlation between the residual fuel amount FL for energy and the output voltage so as to correspond to the changes in time of the output voltage caused by the discharge in the galvanic element General purpose (manganese element, alkali element, an alkaline element button-type lithium element in the form of coins and other), shown below on Fig. As a result, the node 13 control operation corresponds to the residual fuel amount FL for energy produced by the signal determining the residual amount, over time, caused by the discharge, uniquely determines the output voltage based on the characteristic curve (the first characteristic of the Sa output voltage)shown in Fig, and performs adjustment so as to feed fuel FL for energy production, the number of which corresponds to this output voltage on node 12 energy production. Here, the definition of the correlation between the residual quantity of liquid fuel and the output voltage indicates the dependence that the magnitude of the output voltage or the magnitude of the output power corresponds, one to one, the residual fuel amount FL for energy generation, as shown in figure 4, and this does not exhaust anchoveta dependence showing the trend changes, the specified curve, as shown by the characteristic curve on Fig, but may be a dependence, which varies as the original straight line.

In addition, with regard to the output voltage of a galvanic cell General purpose as the deviation of output voltage over time differs depending on each tank, for example, batteries with sizes ranging from D to AAAA or battery on a coin shape, form and size of the system power source in accordance with this alternative implementation can conform to the shape and size of a galvanic cell General purpose according to the norms of the galvanic element General purpose, as described below, and the correlation table (characteristics of the output voltage) of the node 13, the operation control can be set so that the output voltage in accordance with a residual amount of fuel FL for energy corresponds to or approximates, or is similar to the output voltage in accordance with the remaining duration of the galvanic element of this type. So, for example, the curve changes over time of the output voltage of the fuel system power source size D in accordance with the present invention is set so that it matches the curve of the change in times is reducing the output voltage of the electromotive force of some of the different types of galvanic cells, such as manganese element size D in accordance with the Japanese industrial standard, or it increases or decreases along the time axis.

I.e. as described above, although the residual fuel amount FL for energy and elapsed time to have a close correlation, this correlation does not necessarily correspond to the dependencies of the charge between the residual quantity in the battery is a galvanic cell General purpose and past tense. Namely, in the case of the use of the fuel cell or the like as a construction site 12 energy production, due to the fact that there is a feature consists in that the energy conversion efficiency becomes higher than the efficiency of a galvanic cell General purpose voltage may vary (decrease) in units longer than the first change of the characteristics of the Sa output voltage corresponding to the changes in voltage over time in the galvanic element General purpose, as indicated, for example, the second characteristic of the Sb of the output voltage at Fig.

Specifically, for the first characteristics of the Sa output voltage, assuming that the lower limit of the voltage range guaranteed is equal to the voltage V0and the time required to achieve voltage V0is T0that is 1/2 of the time T 0, namely the time when the remaining life reaches half, is defined as T0,5and the voltage in this case is defined as V0,5. In this case, pre-installed, notice Ia remaining number is performed when the controller N included in the device DVC, determines that the output voltage of the system power source has reached a voltage V0.

On the other hand, for the second characteristics of the Sb of the output voltage, assuming that the voltage, when the residual fuel amount FL for energy, essentially, zero is set equal to the voltage V0a galvanic cell, and the time required to achieve voltage V0is T0’that is 1/2 of the time T0’, namely the time when the remaining lifetime reaches half, is defined as T0,5’and the voltage in this case is set equal to the voltage V0,5galvanic element.

I.e., the amount to be fuel FL for energy production or the amount to be oxygen or air, set by the node 14 control output is controlled so that the voltage output from the module 10 energy when it becomes equal to half of the residual is the amount of fuel FL for energy production, loaded in the fuel block 20, is equal to the voltage when a residual amount of electromotive force voltage range guaranteed operation of a galvanic cell General purpose becomes equal to the half, and the voltage when the residual fuel amount FL for energy is essentially equal to zero, is equal to the voltage when a residual amount of electromotive force voltage range guaranteed operation of a galvanic cell General purpose, essentially, zero.

As described above, when the power supply system in accordance with this option run is used as the power source of the device DVC, when the output voltage is uniquely determined on the basis of the residual quantity of fuel FL to generate the energy reaches a voltage below the voltage range guaranteed operation of the device DVC, regardless of the elapsed time caused by the discharge, notify Ib remaining number to remind you of urgent replacement or loading element is carried out by the device DVC, and this distribution of points in time should not correspond to the distribution of points in time notice Ia remaining number when using the galvanic element General purpose.

Therefore, the durability of the T0 ’ (a point in time when the output voltage becomes below the lower limit of the voltage range guaranteed operation of the device DVC with reduced fuel FL to generate energy) of the system power source in accordance with this variant of execution should not be compared with the duration of the lifetime T0galvanic element General purpose and may be sufficient characteristic time-output voltage, so that a curve is increased or decreased along the axis T of time. By the way, the node 16 residual quantity can determine the per-minute residual fuel amount FL for energy production, for example, when the residual quantity is 33% or 25% without restricting the definition to only the distribution of the points in time when the residual fuel amount FL for energy becomes equal to half or essentially zero. Anyway it is good to set the output voltage, which is essentially consistent with the output voltage in accordance with the residual value of the electromotive force of a galvanic cell.

In accordance with the power supply system having such a characteristic of the output voltage as the output voltage from the system power source demonstrates the trend of changes over time, the equivalent of ten is entii galvanic element General purpose when applied to an existing device DVC as a working electric power, when the current function of notification remaining number works best by identifying changes that the output voltage of the controller CNT, provided in the device DVC, may be displayed intermittently or continuously the residual quantity of the item or the estimated time within which it may operate the device DVC, or notification remaining number offering replacement or loading element can accurately be carried out by the device DVC, when there is a voltage that is below the voltage range guaranteed operation of the device DVC.

In addition, as described below, when the system power supply module (power production) in accordance with this alternative implementation is integrated in a small cavity in the application of the method of production by micromachining, with reduced size and weight and so that has an external size and shape equivalent to the shape and size of commercially available galvanic element, it is possible to implement full compatibility with commercially available galvanic element according to the external form and the characteristic voltage, and it can additionally help in the polarizatio on the existing market items. As a result, as the system power source, such as a fuel cell having a high energy efficiency, easily can be put into General use instead of the existing galvanic element having many problems in relation to the impact on the environment or the efficiency of energy use, can be effectively used energy resource, at the same time reducing the impact on the environment.

(D) stage of shutdown fifth variant execution

Then at the stage stop work when the node 13 control receives information about the actuation load on stopping the load LD (S108), it sends to the node 14 control output the control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy (step S114). Based on the control signal from node 13 performance management node 14 output control disables fuel FL for energy production on site 12 energy (step S115), stops the node 12 energy (step S116), and stops the power supply to actuate the load on the device DVC.

Specifically, even if the feedback control is performed on the stages outlined above steady-state operation, when the node 13 management roboto is continuously determines within a predetermined time condition, that the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load applied to the device DVC, is outside the predetermined voltage range, the node 13 control handles the error of the output voltage as information about the actuation of the load and sends to the node 14 control output the control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy production.

I.e. when the user of the device DVC conducts an operation stop of the load LD or when the load stops working, for example, through removal system 301 power supply of the device DVC, even if the feedback control or the like for setting the output voltage of the electric power to actuate the load within a predetermined range of voltages is performed on the stages outlined above steady-state operation, the output voltage deviates from a predetermined voltage range power actuation load. Therefore, when the node 13 management work continuously determines that this state continues over a predetermined period of time, it determines that the load LD of the device DVC is stopped or ceased operation, and stops the operation of the energy generation in node 12 energy production.

In addition to t the th, when the stop state of the load LD is determined by the controller CNT of the device DVC and provides a query function of stopping the power supply on the side of the system power source, the node 13, the operation control signal is received from the request for stopping the power supply from the controller CNT as information about the load status and issues to the node 14 control output the control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy production.

As a result, since the fuel supply for power generation is stopped and the node 12 energy is automatically disabled due to shutdown or other load LD of the device DVC, can be implemented characteristics of electricity, essentially, equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic element General purpose, at the same time, efficient use of fuel FL for energy production.

Further, when the node 16 residual quantity determines the residual error number, such as a sudden decrease in the residual amount of fuel FL for energy production, the node 13, the control sends to the node 14 control output the control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy generation, based on the signal definitions related errors residual amount, stops what about the energy production site 12 energy production and yields concerning the error of the residual amount, the controller CNT included in the device DVC, so that the user of the device DVC can be notified of this information. In the result, you can quickly determine the occurrence of an abnormal condition, such as a fuel leak FL for energy generation from fuel unit 20 out of the system 301 power supply and inform the user of the device DVC to take appropriate measures.

As described above, according to the power supply system in accordance with this variant of execution, it is possible to control the flow of electricity, which can be the supply of a predetermined power actuation, to stop the electric power and to adjust the amount of electricity, subject to production in accordance with the state of actuation (information about the actuation load) load LD connected to the system power source, and the residual amount of fuel FL to produce energy without the use of fuel or the like from outside the system power source. Therefore, it may be created a system power supply that has less impact on the environment, but very high energy conversion efficiency, at the same time realizing the electrical characteristics essentially equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic ele is enta General purpose.

Therefore, instead of the existing galvanic element having many problems in relation to the impact on the environment or energy efficiency, the power supply system in accordance with this option run without difficulties can be popularized in the existing market items. Incidentally, although the output voltage is changed in accordance with a residual amount of fuel FL for energy production in this embodiment, the present invention is not limited to this and may change the value of the output electric current.

[Sixth embodiment of]

The following is a description regarding a sixth option module execution energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings.

On Fig is a block diagram depicting a sixth embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention. Here the same position indicate the structural elements equivalent to the elements in the above described fifth embodiment, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

In 10G module energy production in accordance with the above fifth option run description is given for the reconstruction, in which fuel FL to generate the energy used in the node 11 source of auxiliary power, directly comes out of the system 301 power source in the form of exhaust gas or going below the collector side of the product. However, in the module 10H energy in accordance with this alternative implementation, when the operation for the production of energy in the node 11 AUX power does not include the change in the components of the fuel FL for energy or when it contains a specific fuel component, even if there is a change in components, fuel FL to generate the energy used in the node 11 source of auxiliary power, directly re-used as fuel for energy generation in node 12 energy or re-used after removal of a particular fuel component.

Specifically, as shown in Fig module 10H energy in accordance with this option run contains the node 11 AUX power; node 12 energy; site 13 control; site 14 output management; site 15 launch control and node 16 residual quantity, which have structures and functions similar to elements and features in the above described fifth embodiment, the implementation of the ia (see Fig), and, in particular, it is designed so that the fuel or fuel for energy production (waste gas)used to generate electricity in the node 11 source of auxiliary power, can be connected to the node 12 energy through node 14 output management without issue out of the module 10H energy.

Node 11 source auxiliary power supply is used for this variant execution is designed to generate and output a predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using and converting the fuel component of the fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G via the interface node 30G (for example, the unit of energy, described in the second, third, fifth or seventh example of the construction in the above-mentioned first embodiment), or design for emitting the exhaust gas containing the fuel component, which can be used for the energy generation in node 12 energy production, even if consumed and converted fuel component fuel FL for energy production (for example, the unit of energy production, are described in the fourth or sixth example of the structure in the above-mentioned first embodiment).

Further, in the case of applications in ka is este node 12 energy devices, energy generation, shown in the examples of design from first to sixth in the above-described first embodiment, is used as fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20G, fuel substance, with Flammability or shoremont, such as liquid fuel based on alcohol, such as methanol, ethanol or butanol, or liquefied fuel consisting of hydrocarbon, such as dimethyl ether or isobutane, or a gaseous fuel such as hydrogen gas.

Liquid fuel or liquefied fuel is liquid when it is loaded in the fuel block 20G under predetermined load conditions (temperature, pressure, and others). If this fuel is transferred into the state with predetermined ambient conditions, such as normal temperature, normal pressure, and others, when applying to the node 11 source of auxiliary power, it evaporates and becomes fuel gas under high pressure. Further, when the gaseous fuel is loaded in the fuel block 20G in a state compressed a predetermined pressure, and is supplied to the node 11 source of auxiliary power, it becomes a fuel gas with a high pressure according to the pressure load. Therefore, such a fuel FL for energy production, for example, after generating electricity (second electricity is through the use of energy of the fuel gas pressure at the node 11 AUX power electric power (first electric power) can be produced in the node 12 energy in the electrochemical reaction, combustion reaction or the like, using the exhaust gas from the node 11 to the source of auxiliary power.

[Seventh embodiment of]

The seventh embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention, is described below with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting a seventh embodiment of the module energy applied to the system power supply in accordance with the present invention. Here the same position denote structures equivalent to the design of the first version of the runtime, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

In modules 10G and 10H energy in accordance with the above fifth and sixth options run description is given for the case when node 11 AUX power applied design for permanent and Autonomous generating predetermined electric power (second electric power) through the use of fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel block 20G. However, in the module energy production in accordance with this option run the source node of the auxiliary power supply is designed for permanent and Autonomous generating the predetermined electroe is ergie without using fuel FL for energy production, loaded in the fuel block 20G.

Specifically, as shown in Fig module 10J of energy production in accordance with this option run contains the node 12 energy; site 13 control; site 14 output management; site 15 launch control and node 16 residual quantity, which have structures and functions similar structures and functions of the above-mentioned fifth option (see Fig), and the module 10J energy is also provided with a hub 11 source of auxiliary power for permanent and Autonomous generating predetermined electric power (second electric power) without using fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel the block 20.

As a specific construction site 11 source of auxiliary power to the benefit you can apply a design that uses a thermoelectric conversion based on the temperature difference in the peripheral environment of the system 301 power supply (generation of energy based on the temperature difference), a design that uses piezoelectric conversion based on the light energy from outside the system 301 power supply (photovoltaic generation), and other

<Any other means of collecting by-product>

Any other means of collecting by-product, p is imename for system power source in accordance with each of the above embodiments, below is described with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment the means for collecting by-product used for system power source in accordance with the present invention. Here the same position indicate structural elements equivalent to the elements of each of the above scenarios, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

In each of the above-mentioned embodiment, when the host 12 energy generation or node 11 AUX power applied design (site energy generation or the source node of the auxiliary power supply shown in each of the above examples of design) for generating predetermined electric power in the electrochemical reaction or combustion reaction through the use of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, in some cases, in addition to electricity can be produced by-products. Because these by-products can include a substance that may cause environmental pollution when it is released in nature, or substance, which in some cases may cause malfunction of the device connected to the system power source, it is preferable to apply the onstructio, equipped with the following means for collecting by-product, because the release of such by-products must be reduced to the maximum extent.

As shown in Fig, for example, the collection tool a by-product, used for system power source in accordance with the present invention has a construction in which the node 17 collection of separated product to collect all or part of the components of the byproduct formed during the production of energy in the node 12 energy, provided in the module 10K energy, fuel block 20 and the front-end node 30K with structures and functions similar structures and functions in each of the above embodiments, for example in the module 10K energy in this example and in the fuel block unit is provided 20K 21 storage of the harvested product for persistent storage of the collected by-product. By the way, in this case, although the description is given for only the case when going by-product formed in the node 12 energy generation, it goes without saying that this design can similarly be applied to node 11 source of auxiliary power.

Node 17 collecting the separated product has the structure shown in each of the above embodiments. Node 12 energy (may be on the n node 11 AUX power), which issues, at least on the device DVC is attached to the system 301 of the power source, the electric power, which can be electricity actuate the load (voltage/electric current in the electrochemical reaction or combustion using fuel FL to generate the energy supplied from the fuel unit 20K, node 17 collection of separated product separates a byproduct formed during the formation energy, or a specific component in side the product and delivers it to the site 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20K, by channel collection by-product, provided in the front-end node 30K.

In the node 12 of the power source (can be included in the node 11 AUX power), which is used for each of the above-mentioned example design, as a by-product formed during the generation of electrical power, is water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur oxide (SOx) and others, all or part of them, or only a specific component of their going to node 17 collection of separated product and is supplied to the channel collection byproduct. By the way, if the collected by-product is in a liquid state, it can be used capillary phenomenon for automatic feed by-product from knots the 17 collection of separated product to the site 21 storage of the harvested product, for example, through the implementation of the internal diameter of the channel of the collecting side of the product so that it continuously changes.

The node 21 storage of the collected product is provided inside the fuel unit 20K or as part of his intestines. The node 21 storage of the collected product is made so that it is able to serve and to store a by-product that is collected by the unit 17 collection of separated product only when the fuel unit 20K is connected to the module 10K energy. I.e. in the power supply system in which fuel unit 20K can be attached to the module 10K energy production with or without restrictions disconnected from it when the fuel unit 20K is disconnected from the module 10K energy collected and stored by-product or a specific component permanently or permanently stored in the node 21 storing the collected product so that no leakage or release to the outside of the fuel unit 20K.

As described above, when the water (H2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx) and/or sulfur oxide (so x) is formed as a by-product due to the formation of energy in the node 12 energy as water (H2O) is in a liquid state at normal temperature and normal pressure, the water may best be enjoyed on site 21 storing the collected product through the channel of collecting by-product is. However, in the case of a by-product, the evaporation temperature of which is mostly below normal temperature under normal pressure and which is in a gaseous state, such as nitrogen oxide (NOx) or sulfur oxide (so x), its cubic volume may become excessively large, or to exceed the predetermined capacity of the node 21 storage of the harvested product. Therefore, we can apply the construction in which the collected by-product liquefies and cubic volume decreases, so that by-product can be stored in the node 21 storage of the harvested product by increasing the air pressure in node 17 collection of separated product and the node 21 storage of the harvested product.

Therefore, as a specific construction site 21 storage of the collected product is best to use design, able to irreversibly absorb, how to absorb, and to capture and record the collected by-product or a specific component, for example a construction in which the absorbent polymer is filled with the node 21 storage of the harvested product, or design, provided with means for preventing leakage of collected material, such as a control valve, which is closed by the internal pressure of the node 12 storage of the harvested product or pressure physical means or the like, such as a spring, similar to medium spans the Wu prevent leakage of fuel, provided in the above-mentioned fuel unit 20.

In the power supply system equipped with a means of collecting a by-product of having such a construction, when such a fuel cell with reformer fuel, as shown in Fig, is applied to node 12 energy production, carbon dioxide (CO2), formed together with gaseous hydrogen (H2in the reaction of steam reforming, the reaction conversion of water and selective oxidation reactions (chemical equations (1)-(3)) in node 210A of the reforming fuel, and water (H2Oh)obtained in the production of electric power (first electric power) as a result of electrochemical reactions (chemical equations (6) and (7)), are available from the node 12 energy as by-products. However, since carbon dioxide (CO2rarely can have any effect on the device, it comes out from the system power source in the form of uncollectible substances. On the other hand, water (H2O) or the like is collected by the node 17 collection detachable product is supplied to the node 21 storage of the harvested product in the fuel unit 20K through the channel of collecting by-product through the use of a capillary phenomenon or the like, and permanently stored in the node 21 storage of the harvested product. Here, since the electrochemical reactions (chemical equations () and (3)) in node 12 energy (fuel element) occurs at a temperature of about 60-80° With water (H2O)from node 12 energy produced essentially in the vapor (gaseous) state. Thus, the node 17 collection of separated product Sziget only water (H2O) component, for example, by cooling the steam produced from the node 12 energy generation, or by applying pressure and separates it from the other gaseous components, thereby assembling this component.

Incidentally, in this embodiment, the description is given for the case when the fuel cell with reformer fuel is used as a construction site 12 energy production, and methanol (CH3IT is used as fuel for energy generation. Therefore, relatively easy to be implemented separation and collection of a specific component (namely water) in the node 17 collection of separated product, when a large part a by-product obtained during the production of energy is water (H2About), and also a small amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) comes out from the system power source. However, when a substance other than methanol is used as fuel for energy production, or when a structure is different from the fuel cell used as a host 12 energy production, in some cases, it may be formed together with water (H2 A) a relatively large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen dioxide (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SOx) or the like

In this case, after the separation, for example, water in liquid form from any other specific gaseous components (carbon dioxide or the like)formed in large quantities in the node 17 collection of separated product by means of the method described above offices, they can be stored together or individually in one or multiple nodes 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20E.

As described above, in accordance with the power supply system that uses a collection tool a by-product in accordance with this option run as a release or leak of a by-product output from the system power supply can be eliminated by means of the irreversible storage node 21 storage of the harvested product, provided in the fuel unit 20E, at least one component of the byproduct formed during the production of electricity module 10E energy, can be prevented disruption or deterioration of the device properties under the action of a by-product (e.g., water). Also, in collecting fuel unit 20E, an interesting by-product, by-product may be appropriately treated when under way, which has no effect on the natural environment, thereby preventing the pollution of the environment or global warming because of the side product (for example, carbon dioxide).

A by-product, collected through the above-described method of collecting the separated product is irreversibly stored in the storage node of the assembled product by operations such storage, as described with reference to figa-48S.

<a Means of stabilizing fuel>

Below is a description of the means of stabilizing the fuel used for system power source in accordance with each of the aforementioned embodiments, with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment of a means of stabilizing the fuel used for power supply in accordance with the present invention. Here the same position indicate structural elements equivalent to the elements in each of the above embodiments, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in Fig, in the module 10L energy, fuel block 20L and the front-end node 30L having a construction and function similar structures and functions in each of the above embodiments, a means of stabilizing the fuel used for system power source with the availa able scientific C with the present invention, has a construction in which the valve 25 to control the ow, which determines the loaded condition (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20L, and stops the supply of fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L module 10L energy production (node 11 source auxiliary power supply and the node 12 energy), when the loaded state exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and the valve 26, the pressure control, which determines the loaded condition (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate power in the fuel unit 20L and controls the loaded state to bring it into a predetermined stable state, provided in any one: in the front-end node 30L and fuel block 20L (in the fuel block 20L in this example).

Valve 25 controls the flow automatically driven when the temperature of the fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20L, exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and turns off the supply of fuel FL for energy generation in the fuel supply pipes. Specifically, the best thing you can apply control valve, which closes when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases with increasing temperature fuel FL for energy production.

Gave the e, the valve 26, the pressure control automatically operates when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases beyond a predetermined threshold value with increasing temperature fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20L, and lowers the pressure in the fuel block 20L. Specifically, the best way to apply pressure reducing valve (release valve)that opens when the pressure increase in the fuel block 20L.

As a result, for example, if the system power source attached to the device DVC, when the temperature or the pressure in the fuel block 20L is increased due to, for example, heat production caused by the production of electricity in the module 10L energy or actuation of the load device, automatically the operation to supply fuel FL for energy production or operation on the discharge pressure, thereby stabilizing the loaded state of the fuel FL for energy production.

Then, according to the General principle above system power supply (see Fig), if the operation system start-up power supply, the node 13, the operation control pre-determines the operating status of the valve 25 to control the ow, namely, the state fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L, which determines, properly fed fuel FL to produce energy, and then performs the above operation. Here, when the determined off the fuel supply FL for energy regardless of the work to stabilize the loaded fuel FL to generate energy using the above tools stabilization of fuel (in particular, the valve 26, the pressure control), the node 13, the operation control outputs to the controller CNT included in the device DVC, information regarding error loading fuel FL for energy production, and informs the user of the device DVC about this error.

In addition, according to the General principle above system power supply (see Fig), in case of continuation of the steady-state stage (feedback control) of the system power source, the node 13 control operation to successively determine the operating status of the valve 25 to control the ow, namely, the state fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L. Then, when the determined off the fuel supply FL for energy or if it is a sudden decrease in the amount of electricity to actuate the load device DVC as information about the actuation of the load regardless of the work on the stabilization means of stabilising fuel(in particular, valve 26, the pressure control), the node 13, the control operation returns information concerning the error loading fuel FL to generate the energy to the controller CNT included in the device DVC, and informs the user of the device DVC about this error.

In the result, it is possible to create a system power supply with high reliability, which quickly determines the occurrence of the deterioration of fuel FL for energy production because of an error of load conditions (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate power in the fuel unit 20L, errors (for example, malfunction of the output voltage) in the module 10L energy or leakage of fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L for the issuance of system 301 power source and provides security against fuel FL for energy production, with shoremont.

The following is a description in respect of any other means of stabilizing the fuel used to supply system energy in accordance with each of the above embodiments, with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a block diagram depicting an embodiment of a means of stabilizing the fuel used for power supply in accordance with the present invention. In addition, Fig presents a view depicting the state of the start-up phase of working with the system power source in accordance with this option run and Fig presents a view depicting the status stage of the shutdown of the power source in accordance with this option run. Here, similarly to the above-mentioned options run from second to fourth, although the description is for the case when the predetermined information is transmitted between the system power source and the device connected to the system power source, it is also possible to use a construction in which there is no special notification between the system power source and the device design described in connection with the first variant of execution). In addition, the same position indicate the structure elements equivalent to the elements in each of the above embodiments, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in Fig, in the module 10M power production, fuel block 20L and the front-end node 30L, having the structure and function equivalent to the structure and functions of each of the above embodiments, a means of stabilizing the fuel used for power supply in accordance with the present invention has a construction in which the valve 25 to control the ow, which determines the loaded state (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in t is Pliny unit 20L, and stops the supply of fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L module 10M energy production (node 11 source auxiliary power supply and the node 12 energy), when the loaded state exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and the valve 26, the pressure control, which determines the loaded state (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate power in the fuel unit 20L and manages the loaded state to bring it into a predetermined stable state, provided in any one of: a front-end node 30L and fuel block 20L (fuel unit 20L in this example).

Valve 25 controls the flow automatically driven when the temperature of the fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20L, exceeds a predetermined threshold value, and turns off the supply of fuel FL for energy generation in the fuel supply pipes. Specifically, it is most advantageous to use a non-return valve, which closes when the pressure in the fuel block 20L increases with increasing fuel temperature FL for energy production.

The valve 26, the pressure control automatically operates when the pressure in the fuel block 20L exceeds a predetermined threshold value when the temperature of the fuel FL to generate energy and, loaded in the fuel unit 20L, and lowers the pressure in the fuel block 20L. Specifically, it is most advantageous to apply pressure reducing valve (release valve)that opens when the pressure increase in the fuel block 20L.

As a result, for example, if the system power source attached to the device DVC, when the temperature or the pressure in the fuel block 20L is increased due to, for example, heat production, resulting from the production of electricity in the module 10M energy, or actuate the load device, automatically work to stop a fuel supply FL for energy or work on pressure relief, thereby offline stabilizing the loaded state of the fuel FL for energy production.

In the power supply system having such a construction, in the main, can be applied to the operation equivalent to the control in the above-described second embodiment (including the case where the operation in the first embodiment is performed essentially in parallel). In addition to this can be applied following the operation, which is characteristic for this variant execution.

At the starting stage (see Fig and 34), described in connection with the first or second option run when the node 13 control works is th determines the change in the voltage of the power supply via node 16 of the control voltage or when the node 13 control receives information about the actuation of the load, which is transmitted from the controller CNT included in the device DVC, which queries the power supply node 13 management work refers to the operating state of the valve 25 to control the ow, namely the state of the fuel FL to generate energy from the fuel unit 20L before the operation on the output node 15 of the control start control signal for the start node 12 energy (steps S104 or S204), and determines whether a normal loaded state of the fuel FL for energy production (or can be made fuel for energy production on site 12 energy generation).

Based on the information about the operational status of the valve 25 controls the flow when the node 13, the control determines that the loaded state of the fuel FL for energy production is normal, and fuel for energy generation can be enjoyed on site 12 energy, it performs the starting stage (steps S104-S106 or S204-S206), described in connection with the above first or second embodiment of the execution, generates electricity actuate the load node 12 energy and supplies a predetermined electric power supply to the device DVC.

As shown in Fig, based on the information about the operational status of the valve 25 controls the flow when the node 13, the operation control member is t, what is the status of the loaded fuel FL for energy production abnormal, and turns off the fuel supply for energy production on site 12 energy (when the determined load error), it informs the controller CNT in the device DVC signal errors start, based on the failure load, as information about the operation of the energy generation via a terminal node ELx.

At the stage of steady-state operation (see Fig and 34), described in connection with the first or second variant of implementation, the node 13 management work consistently monitor the operational status of the valve 25 controls the flow during the feedback control power supply. Then, as shown in Fig when the node 13 control determines the error status of the loaded fuel FL to generate power regardless of the operation of the pressure relief (operation stabilization valve 26 controls the pressure to stabilize the loaded state of the fuel FL to generate power in the fuel unit 20L, he turns off the supply of fuel for energy production on site 12 energy through the output node 14 control output control signal to stop generating electricity in the node 12 energy and stops working on the development of energy node 12 energy production. Also, the node 13 to control the operation of recovering the pouring heated by the heater, promoting endothermic reaction to produce hydrogen, and informs the controller CNT in the device DVC signal stop error based on the error, boot or terminate the operation of the node 12 energy production, as information about the operation of the energy generation via a terminal node ELx.

In the result, it is possible to exclude, for example, deterioration of fuel FL for energy production due to the failure of load conditions (temperature, pressure, etc.) fuel FL to generate power in the fuel unit 20L, errors (for example, the fault voltage electricity supply module 10M produce energy or fuel leaks FL for energy generation from fuel block 20L out of the system 301 power supply. You can also notify the user of the device DVC information concerning the download error, and recall the appropriate action, such as updating a device that uses the environment, or system replacement power supply. Therefore, it may be established and reliable power supply system, which provides security with shoremont fuel FL for energy production.

In relation to the means for collecting by-product, means for determining the residual amount and means of stabilizing fuel, although the description is for the case when they primenewswire for the above-mentioned embodiments, the present invention is not limited to this. Needless to say, they can be selected appropriately, and can be used with arbitrary Association. In accordance with this can be further improved, for example, the impact on the environment of the system power source in accordance with the present invention, the energy conversion efficiency, achieving compliance when using the security and other

<External form>

The following describes the shape that is used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, with reference to the drawings.

On figa-63F shows depicting specific examples of the shape that is used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, and figa-S shows depicting the shape that is used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, and the relation of correspondence between such forms and external forms a galvanic cell for General use.

In the power supply system having the above construction, as shown in figa-63F, for example, respectively, because the fuel unit 20 is connected to the module 10 energy through the front-end node 30 and these elements are made integral, external the Orme made such it matches the external shape and dimensions equivalent to some of all of the elements 41, 42 and 43, which are intensively used in the form of galvanic elements General purpose, the relevant Japanese industrial standard or international standards or items that have shaped (non-circular elements) 44, 45 and 46 in accordance with the technical requirements for these elements. Also, the outer shape is made such that the electric power (first and second electric power)generated by the node 11 AUX power or node 12 energy above module 10 energy, can be displayed via terminals positive (+) and negative (-) electrodes of each of the depicted forms of elements.

In this case, the positive electrode terminal attached to the top of the module 10 energy, while the negative electrode terminal attached to the fuel unit 20, and the negative electrode terminal connected to the module 10 energy by means not shown interconnects. In addition, there may be a terminal node ELx, which is wrapped around the module 10 energy on his side in the form of zones. When the system 301 power supply installed in the device DVC, the internal controller CNT and the terminal node ELx automatically and the system is ski are connected to each other, thus allowing you to take information on the actuation. Incidentally, it goes without saying that the terminal node ELx isolated from the positive electrode and the negative electrode.

Specifically, because the fuel unit 20 and the module 10 energy are connected, for example, with each other, the site energy generation that uses a fuel cell (see Fig), has a construction in which the fuel electrode 211 of the node I fuel cell electrically connected to the terminal of the negative electrode and the air electrode 212 is electrically connected to the terminal of the positive electrode. Further, in the structure in which the motors internal and external combustion engines, such as engine running on gas flaring, or rotary-piston engine combined with a generator of energy using electromagnetic induction or the like (see Fig-23), or in the site energy generation that uses the power generator based on the temperature difference or MHD power generator (see Fig and 25), provides a construction in which the output terminal of each power generator electrically connected to the positive electrode terminal and negative electrode terminal.

In this case, specifically, all elements 41, 42 and 43 are widely used in the form of a commercially available manganese dry cell, alkaline the CSOs dry cell, Nickel-cadmium element lithium the element, etc. and have the external form, for example, a cylindrical type, which are adapted many devices (cylindrical type: figa), push-button type used in watches and other (pigv), type coins, used in cameras, electronic notebooks, and other (figs) or similar

On the other hand, specifically, a non-circular elements 44, 45 and 46 have outer form of type of a special type, which is designed individually in accordance with the form used device, such as a compact camera or digital camera (fig.63D), angular type, the corresponding reduced side or the thickness of the portable acoustic device or mobile phone (fige), flat type (fig.63F) or similar

Incidentally, as described above, each design module 10 energy generation installed on the power supply system in accordance with this alternative implementation may be implemented as microcrystal the order of a millimetre or order of a micron or microstroke as a result of application of an existing method of production by micromachining. Further, the use of a fuel cell, turbine for gas fuel or the like, capable of realizing high efficiency of energy use, as node 12 of a power generation module 10 in the processing energy can reduce the amount of fuel for energy production, necessary for the implementation of battery capacity, equivalent to (or greater than) the capacity of the existing galvanic element, to a relatively small value.

In the power supply system corresponding to this variant implementation may best be implemented in the form of an existing element, shown in the drawings. For example, as shown in figa and V, you can create a design in which external dimensions (such as length La and the diameter Da), when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected to the module 10 energy or when they are made integrally, become, essentially, equivalent to the outer shape (e.g., the length Lp and the diameter Dp) of such a galvanic element 47 General purpose, as shown in figs.

By the way, figa-S only conceptually shows the relationship between attachable and detachable design of the system power source in accordance with the present invention (cross connection) and external form, and is not taken into account the specific electrode design and other Correlation between attachable and detachable structure of the module 10 energy and fuel block 20 and electrode designs, when each form element is used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, are described in detail in connection with nigeian the option run.

In addition, each of the depicted external form is only an example of a galvanic cell, which has been serially produced in accordance with the standards in Japan or attached to the device and apply, or are on sale. Shows only some examples of designs that can be applied to the present invention. I.e. can be used in external form, used for system power source in accordance with the present invention, in addition to the above specific examples. For example, such an external form to be agreed with the forms of galvanic elements, which extend or are on sale around the world, or galvanic cells, which will be put into practical use in the future, and it goes without saying that these external forms can be designed to match the electrical characteristics.

Below is a detailed description with reference to the drawings in the dependency relationship between the attachable and detachable structure of the module 10 energy and fuel block 20 and electrode designs, when each of the above forms of the elements used for system power source in accordance with the present invention.

(First embodiment of an attachable and detachable design)

N is figa-65D and five-N presents the top, front, side and rear, showing the external shape of the fuel block and site holder system power source in accordance with the first variant of the present invention. On figa and V presents views depicting an attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this option run. Here the same position denote structures equivalent to the structures in each of the above embodiments, thereby simplifying or omitting their description.

As shown in figa-65D and five-N, the power supply system in accordance with this option run-shaped so that it includes: a fuel cell unit 51 (corresponding to the fuel block 20), in which a fuel for energy production loaded with pre-determined conditions; and node 52 of the holder, functioning as a module 10 energy production and front-end node 30 is attached to the fuel block with the possibility of disconnection. In this case, when the fuel unit 51 is transparent biodegradable polymeric shell, in which the loaded fuel FL, and it is not in use, the periphery of the shell is closed by the package 53 for protection from destruction, for example, by bacteria.

In addition, when attaching the fuel block 51, as described below, can be DOS is enough removing package 53 with the fuel block 51. In addition, because the fuel unit 51 is a transparent membrane and a pointer is put on it, you can determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel.

Node 52 of the holder is made so that, in General, contains: node 52a energy that hosts the module 10 energy production and front-end node 30 having a structure equivalent to the structure of each of the above scenarios, and provides the terminal EL (+) positive electrode; located opposite the site 52b, which provides a host EL (-) of the negative electrode; and a connecting node s, which electrically connects the node 52a energy with opposite node 52b and electrically connects the node 52a energy to terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode. Crossing the cavity SP1, surrounded by a node 52a energy, opposite node 52b and a connecting node s, becomes the position of the accommodation when connected fuel block 51. Node 52 of the holder includes: a convex node 52d, which has elasticity, for example, springs or the like around the contact site located next to a node 52b and has a hole in the center (see figa); and channel a collection byproduct for the connection holes convex node 52d channel 17A of the feed by-product module 10 energy as index 52h applied at node 52 of the holder instead of a pointer s fuel block 51, you can determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. In this case, the index 52h easy to visually observe when connecting node s is not transparent.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in figa regard cavity SP1, formed by the node 52a energy, opposite node 52b and a connecting node s, passage 51A fuel (one end portion)on which there is a valve 24A fuel fuel block 51, is put into contact with the hub 52 of the holder, and the contact point is defined as the point of reference when using fingers FN1 and FN2 to maintain the fuel block 51, which removed the package 53, and the other end portion 51b of the fuel block 51 is rotated and pushed (arrow P9 on the drawings). As a result, as shown in figv, the bottom part 51b (other end portion) of the fuel block 51 is entered in contact with opposite node 52b and the fuel unit 51 is installed in the cavity SP1. In this case, the tube 52f fuel supply, which may be a fuel supply pipes (Fig), presses the valve 24A of the fuel, the position of which is fixed a spring, and thus disables the function of preventing leakage of the fuel block 51. Also, fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in toplivnyy block 51, automatically transferred and delivered to the module 10 energy production in the surface tension in a capillary tube 52g (Fig) and the tube 52f fuel. On FIGU shown not currently in use, the power supply system on which you installed the fuel block 51 and the node 52 of the holder. In this drawing, the periphery of the shell is closed by the package 54 protection factor of destruction, such as bacteria. When the system power source is used as the power source for the device, or the like, may be sufficient removal of the package 54. In addition, if the node 11 AUX power consumes fuel from the fuel block 51 and is constantly producing energy, such as fuel element type or the like, hole 54A to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide can be provided in the package 54 near the module 10 energy. If the node 11 AUX power is not consumed by the fuel, as in the case of a capacitor or the like, does not have to be provided by the hole 54A.

In this case, when the fuel unit 51 is installed in the cavity SP1 and is connected to node 52 of the holder, the power supply system designed in a way that has an external shape and dimensions essentially equivalent to the outer shape and dimensions of the above-described cylindrical ha is Ivanchenkov element General purpose (see figa and S). In addition, in this case, because the fuel unit 51 is normally installed in the cavity SP1, it is preferable that the other end portion 51b of the fuel block 51 is pressed with an appropriate force so that the passage 51A fuel fuel block 51 good could come into contact with the fuel supply and to connect with him on part of site 52a energy and so that the other end portion 51b of the fuel block 51 engages with the contact node located next to a node 52b through the use of appropriate clamping forces to prevent accidental slipping of the fuel block 51 from node 52 of the holder.

Specifically, as shown in figa and V can be applied siteplease mechanism between the concave node on which the valve 24V extraction by-product formed in the other end portion 51b of the fuel block is to collect water or the like as a by-product, and convex node 52d having a spring force or the like, around the contact part located opposite node 52b. In this case, the valve 24V extract side product moves from the closed state to the open state when the pressing convex node 52d, and it connects with channel a collection byproduct. A by-product, supplied from the channel a collection by-product, the can is therefore to gather in the package 23 collection, provided in the fuel block 51.

As a result, as indicated in the description of the General principle (see Fig and 34), electric power (second electric power) Autonomous produced in the node 11 source of auxiliary power, and the working power is, at least, to node 13 of the control module 10 energy. In addition, when the power supply system in accordance with this option run is connected to a predetermined device DVC, part of the electricity generated by node 11 AUX power, served as a power actuation (power controller) to the controller CNT included in the device DVC, via terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode is provided for a node 52a energy, and the terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode provided opposite node 52b (initial stage).

Therefore, it is possible to implement a fully compliant system power supply, which can easily be treated as a galvanic element General purpose, which has an external shape and dimensions (cylindrical shape in this example), equal or similar to the external shape and size of a galvanic cell General purpose, and can ensure the power supply with the same or podobn the Yu electrical characteristic. Therefore, electricity can be used as the working electric power device, such as an existing portable device, similar to a galvanic element for General use.

In particular, in the power supply system in accordance with this alternative implementation, when the design, supply of the fuel element, is used as a module, energy, and material such as the above-described biodegradable plastic used in the form of fuel block 51, which is connected to the node 52a energy (module 10 energy) or detachable from him, without limitation, can be implemented with high energy efficiency, at the same time eliminating harmful impact (load) on the environment. It is possible therefore, the best way to solve problems, such as the impact on the environment caused by the release into the blade used for galvanic element or disposal at a landfill or energy efficiency.

In addition, according to the power supply system in accordance with this option run as cavity SP1 on the node 52 of the holder, which is installed in the fuel block 51 has a shape with two open nodes, fuel block 51 can be easily attached to the node 52 of the holder,grasping fingers FN1 and FN2 areas opposite sides of the fuel block 51, and fuel block 51 is pushed through one of the two open nodes by clicking on fuel block 51 from another node of the two open nodes, thereby easily and safely removing the fuel block 51.

(Second embodiment of an attachable and detachable design)

On figa-S shows front, side and rear, schematically illustrating the external shape of the fuel system unit power source in accordance with a second embodiment of implementation of the present invention. If the fuel unit 61 is a transparent biodegradable polymeric shell, in which the loaded fuel FL, and it is not in use, the periphery of the shell is closed by a package 63 for protection factors for fracture, such as bacteria. Further, in the case of joining of the fuel block 61, as described below, may be sufficient removing package 63 with the fuel block 61. In addition, because the fuel unit 61 is a transparent shell and a pointer 61b inflicted on it, it is possible to determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel.

On fig.67D-67G shows front, top, rear and side, schematically showing the external shape of the node 62 of the holder system of the power source in accordance with the present invention, and figa and V presents views depicting an attachable and detachable module design vyrabotki the energy and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this option run. As the pointer 62d applied at node 62 of the holder, acting as module 10 energy production and front-end node 30, instead of a pointer 61b on the fuel unit 61, it is possible to determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. In this case, if the connecting node s is not transparent, you can easily visually determine the pointer 62d. In this case, the description of structures, equivalent structures in each of the above embodiments, simplified or omitted. On FIGU shows an unused power supply system, which includes a fuel cell unit 61 and the node 62 of the holder. The periphery of the system power source is closed package 64 for protection factors for fracture, such as bacteria. When the system power source is used as the power source device or the like, may be sufficient execution holes in the package 64. In addition, if the node 11 AUX power consumes fuel in the fuel block 61 and continuously generate electricity, as in the case of fuel element type or the like, hole 64A to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide can be provided in the package 64 near the module 10 energy. If the node 11 AUX power is not consumed by the fuel, as in the case of a capacitor or the like, neoba which consequently must be provided by the hole 64A.

As shown in figa-67G, the power supply system in accordance with this option run is made so that it contains: fuel unit 61, in which the loaded fuel for energy production when pre-determined conditions; and the node 62 of the holder is made so that the fuel block 61 may be attached to and detached from it without restriction. In this case, because the fuel unit 61 has a design and function, equivalent structures and functions of each of the above embodiments, thus, its description is omitted.

Node 62 of the holder is made so that, in General, contains: node a energy that hosts the module 10 energy and which has a terminal EL (+) positive electrode; opposite node 62b, which is provided by the terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode; and a connecting node s, which electrically connects the node a energy with opposite node 62b and electrically connects the node a energy to terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode. Here, the concave cavity SP2, surrounded by the opposite node 62b and a connecting node s, is a place, when attached to the fuel block 61.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in figa, is when the fuel unit 61 is installed in the cavity SP2, compiled by node a energy, opposite node 62b and a connecting node s (arrow P10 in the drawing), at the same time providing the contact passage 61A fuel fuel block 61, which removed package 63, the fuel supply to part of the site a energy, fuel block 61 is placed in the cavity SP2, as shown in figv, and disables the function of preventing leakage of the fuel block 61. In addition, the fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 61, is supplied to the module 10 energy included in the node a energy, through the fuel supply pipes.

In this case, similarly to the above-described first embodiment of the execution, when the fuel block 61 is placed in the cavity SP2 and is connected to a node 62 of the holder, the power supply system is carried out so that has a shape and dimensions essentially equivalent shape and size, for example, the above-described cylindrical galvanic cell General purpose (see figa and S). In addition, in this case, if the fuel block 61 is normally placed in the cavity SP2, in order to prevent accidental loss of the fuel block 61 from node 62 of the holder, it is desirable to create a construction in which the external shape of the fuel block 61 is engaged with the internal shape of the cavity SP2 node 62 of the holder.

The result is e, similarly to the aforementioned first variant implementation, you can implement a fully compliant system power supply of the portable type which can be easily treated as a galvanic element General purpose and which has an external shape and electrical characteristics equal to or equivalent to the shape and characteristics of the galvanic element General purpose. Further, by appropriate selection of the design of the device generate energy used for module production energy, or material forming attachable and detachable fuel block, you can significantly reduce the impact on the environment and can solve problems such as the impact on the environment caused by emissions in the dump or disposal in a landfill existing galvanic cells, or energy efficiency.

(Third embodiment of an attachable and detachable design)

On figa-S shows front, side and rear, schematically illustrating the external shape of the fuel system unit power source in accordance with a third alternative implementation of the present invention, fig.69D-69F shows front, side and rear, schematically showing the external form of the knot holder system power supply according to the accordance with the present invention, and figa-70C shows depicting attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this option run. Here the description of structures, equivalent structures in each of the above embodiments, simplified or omitted.

As shown in figa-69F, the power supply system in accordance with this option run contains: clear fuel block 71, in which the loaded fuel for energy production when pre-determined conditions; and the node 72 of the holder, which is designed so that it can be placed a lot of fuel blocks 71. If fuel unit 71 is transparent biodegradable polymeric shell, in which the loaded fuel FL, and it is not in use, the periphery of the shell is closed by the package 73 for protection factors for fracture, such as bacteria. In the case of joining of the fuel block 71, as described below, may be sufficient execution holes in the package 73 of the fuel block 71. As the fuel block 71 is a transparent membrane and a pointer is put on it, you can easily determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. Further, if the node 11 AUX power consumes fuel in the fuel block 71 and is constantly producing energy is s, as in the case of fuel element type or the like, the hole a to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide can be provided in the package 74 near the module 10 energy. If the node 11 AUX power does not consume fuel, as in the case of a capacitor or the like, does not have to be provided by the hole a.

Node 72 of the holder, acting as module 10 energy production and front-end node 30 is shaped so that it mainly contains: node 72A energy that hosts the module 10 energy and which provides a terminal node ELx for transmission/reception of information about the actuation of the load in addition to terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode on the same end surface; a transparent shell 72b for occupancy, provided so that the formed cavity SP3 between it and the node 72A energy; and opening/closing the lid 72s, which allows you to place the fuel block 71 in the cavity SP3 or delete from it, and presses and fixes the fuel block 71 is placed in the cavity SP3. As the pointer 72d printed on the shell 72b to host instead of a pointer s fuel unit 71, it is possible to determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. Here the description of structures, equiv who build the structures of each of the above embodiments, simplified or omitted.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in figa when opened opening/closing cover 72s node 72 of the holder and opened one side surface of the cavity SP3, multiple (two in this example) of the fuel blocks 71, with which the removed packages 73 inserted in the same direction, and the opening/closing cover 72s then closed, as shown in figv and 70C. In the fuel blocks 71 are accommodated in the cavity SP3, and an opening/closing cover 72s clicks on another end portion 71b of the fuel blocks 71, thereby causing the passage 71A fuel fuel block 71 in contact with the fuel supply (front-end node; not shown) on the node 72A energy. Therefore, disables the function of preventing leakage of the fuel block 71, and fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 71, is supplied to the module 10 energy included in the node 72A energy, through the fuel supply pipes.

In this case, the power supply system designed in a way that has an external shape and dimensions essentially equivalent to the outer shape and size, for example, the above galvanic element having a special form when fuel blocks 71 is placed in the cavity SP3 and connected to node 72 hold the La. On figv and 70C shown not currently in use, the power supply system, which is equipped with fuel blocks 71 and node 72 of the holder. The periphery of the shell is closed by a package 74 for protection factors for fracture, such as bacteria. In the case of system power source as a power supply device or the like may be sufficient execution holes in the package 74.

As a result, similarly to each of the above embodiments, it is possible to implement a fully compliant system power supply of the portable type, which has an external shape and electrical characteristics equal to or equivalent to the outer shape and the electrical characteristics of the existing galvanic element. Also, by an appropriate choice of design of the device generate energy used for module production energy, or material forming attachable and detachable fuel block, can be significantly reduced impact on the environment, and the best way to solve problems such as the environment caused by emissions in the dump or disposal in a landfill existing galvanic cells, or energy efficiency.

(Fourth embodiment of an attachable and detachable design)

On figa-S shows front, side and rear, schematically illustrating the external shape of the fuel system unit power source in accordance with the fourth alternative implementation, fig.71D-71F presents the top, side and front, schematically showing the external form of the knot holder system power source in accordance with the present invention, and figa-72S presents schematic views depicting an attachable and detachable structure of the module energy production and fuel block in the power supply system in accordance with this variant of execution.

As shown in figa-71F, the power supply system in accordance with this option run is made so that it contains: fuel block 81, in which a fuel for energy production loaded with pre-determined conditions; and the node 82 of the holder is shaped so that it can accommodate lots of fuel blocks 81. Here, when the fuel block 81 is a transparent biodegradable polymeric shell, in which the loaded fuel FL, and it is not in use, the periphery of the shell is closed by the package 83 for protection factors for fracture, such as bacteria. In addition, in the case of joining of the fuel block 81, as described below, may be sufficient execution holes in the package 83 from the fuel block 81. Further, the AK as fuel block 81 is a transparent membrane and the put pointer 81s with, you can determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. In addition, if the node 11 AUX power consumes fuel in the fuel block 81 and is constantly producing energy, as in the case of fuel element type or the like, the hole a to supply oxygen and release carbon dioxide can be provided in the package 84 near the module 10 energy. If the node 11 AUX power is not consumed by the fuel, as in the case of a capacitor or the like, does not have to be provided by the hole a.

Node 82 of the holder, acting as module 10 energy and the interface unit 30 is shaped so that it mainly contains: node a energy that hosts the module 10 energy and which provides for a terminal node ELx for transmission/reception of information about the load status on the same end surface in addition to terminal EL (+) of the positive electrode terminal EL (-) of the negative electrode; opposite node 82b having a surface located opposite the site a energy; and site s reason for joining node a energy with opposite node 82b. Here, the concave cavity SP4, surrounded by a host a energy, opposite node 82b and node s Foundation, predstavljaet a location, when attached to the fuel block 81. As the pointer 82d applied to the node 82 of the holder instead of a pointer 81s with fuel unit 81, it is possible to determine the residual quantity of the transparent fuel. In this case, if the node s Foundation is not transparent, it is easy to visually determine the pointer 82d.

In the power supply system having such a construction as shown in figa, when the passage a fuel (one end portion) of the fuel block 81 is put into contact with the fuel supply (front-end node; not shown) on part of the site a energy, so that the contact portion is defined as the reference point, while the other end portion 81b of the fuel block 81 is rotated and pushed into the cavity SP4, compiled by the node a energy, opposite node 82b and node s base (arrow P11 in the drawing), as shown in figv, other end portion 81b of the fuel block 81 is entered in contact with opposite node 82b and fixed, and the set of (two in this example) of the fuel blocks 81 are placed in the cavity of SP4 in the same direction. This disables the function of preventing leakage of the fuel block 81, and fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 81, is supplied to the module 10 energy included in the node a generate energy is AI, through the fuel supply pipes.

The system power source is made so that the external shape and dimensions essentially equivalent to the outer shape and size, for example, the above galvanic element having a special form when fuel blocks 81 are placed in the cavity SP4 and is connected to node 82 of the holder. In addition, in this case, when the fuel blocks 81 are normally placed in the cavity SP4, pass a fuel fuel blocks 81 best comes in contact with the fuel supply and connected with him on part of the site a energy. Also, in order to prevent accidental bounce fuel blocks 81 of the node 82 of the holder, similarly to the aforementioned first variant implementation, the contact portion between the other end portion 81b of the fuel blocks 81 and opposite node 82b designed in a way that engages under the action of the corresponding axial forces.

In the result, it is possible to realize a power supply system with objectives and advantages similar to the purposes and advantages of each of the above embodiments.

On figv and 72S portrayed not used at the moment, the power supply system, which includes a fuel cell unit 81 and the node 82 of the holder. The periphery of the shell is closed by the package 84 for protection against factors time is osenia, such as bacteria. During use of the system power source as a power supply device or the like may be sufficient execution holes in the package 84.

By the way, tube, fuel supply having a purpose that is equivalent to the assignment of a tube 52f fuel supply node 52 of the holder, is provided for each node 62, 72 and 82 of the holder, and the channel of collecting by-product, the equivalent channel a collection by-product, provided for each of these nodes holder.

(A specific example of the structure)

The following is a description regarding a specific example of the structure of the whole system power source that uses any of the above embodiments (including each example design), with reference to the drawings.

On Fig presents a view depicting a specific example of the structure of the whole system power source in accordance with the present invention. Next, Fig presents a view depicting an example of the construction site of the reforming fuel for this particular example, design, and Fig presents a view depicting another example of the construction site of the reforming fuel used for this particular example design. Here is determined that the fuel cell type direct fuel used as node 11 source VSP the service of power, provided for the module power generation and fuel cell type reformer fuel is used as node 12 energy production. In addition, there is a link on each of the above-mentioned embodiment of each example design, and similar positions represent equivalent structures, thereby simplifying their description.

As shown in Fig, the system 301 power supply in accordance with this particular example design module has 10 energy and fuel block 20, is made attachable thereto and detachable from him through the interface node 30, as shown in figure 2, and has a cylindrical external shape, as shown in figa or figa-S. In addition, these designs (module 10 energy, in particular) is formed in a small cavity in the use of the method of production by micromachining or the like, and the system power source is designed in a way that has an external size equivalent to the external size of a galvanic cell for General use.

Module 10 energy made so that mainly contains: node 210b of the fuel element along the circular side surface of the cylindrical form; the reactor H reformer pair (node reaction of steam reforming), which has a channel flow Topley is a, the depth and width of which respectively do not exceed 500 μm, and formed therein a heater to bring the cavity in the channel flow to a predetermined temperature in a cylindrical module 10 energy; reactor 210Y conversion water (site reactions the conversion of water)having a channel of a flow of fuel, depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and formed therein a heater to bring the cavity in the channel flow to a predetermined temperature; reactor 210Z preferential oxidation (node selective oxidative reaction)with the channel flow of fuel, depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and educated in it the heater to bring the cavity in the channel flow to a predetermined temperature; crystal 90 control, which is implemented in the form of microcrystals and placed in the module 10 energy and has a node 13 of the control operation and the node 15 launch control or the like installed on it; many air holes (slots) 14C, which pass from the cylindrical side surface of the module 10 energy to the air electrode 112 and 212 of the node 11 AUX power and node 12 energy generation and capture outside air; node 17 collection of separated product, which Sziget (condenses) poboc the initial product (for example, water)formed on the side of the air electrode 112 and 212, separates and collects it; the channel 16A feed by-product for feeding part of the collected by-product on the site H reaction of the steam reforming process; an exhaust hole 14d, which runs from the upper front surface of the cylinder to the air electrode site 12 energy and produces output module output power of at least a by-product (e.g., carbon dioxide) as uncollectible material, which is formed on the side of the fuel electrode site energy generation or node H reaction of steam reforming and the node 210Z selective oxidative reaction; and the node 11 source of auxiliary power, although it is not described. Site H reaction of steam reforming and site 210Y reaction conversion of water use, at least: water that is fed through the channel 17A of the supply side of the product and is formed in the node 210b of the fuel element, or water in the fuel FL in the fuel block 51 in the quality of water required for the reaction. In addition, the carbon dioxide formed in each reaction node H reaction of the steam reforming process, the node 210Y reaction conversion of water and node 210Z selective oxidation reaction, is released to the outside of the module 10 energy through the exhaust hole 14d.

Similar to the design shown in Fig, fuel block 2 (51, 61, 71, 81) is performed so that, in General, includes: a cavity 22A fuel loading, which is filled and loaded fuel FL to generate the energy to be applied to the node 12 energy generation or node 11 source auxiliary power supply according to the needs; the cavity 22B storage of the collected product (node 21 storing the collected product) for permanent storage of by-product (water), collected by the node 17 collection of separated product; valve 24A fuel (for preventing the leakage of fuel), which is located on the border with module 10 energy and prevents leakage of fuel FL for energy; and the valve 24V extract side product (for preventing the leakage of collected material) to prevent leakage of the collected and stored by-product collected material). Here the fuel block 20 is made of biodegradable plastic, such as mentioned above.

When the fuel block 20 having such a structure, connected to the module 10 energy and interface node 30, the tube 52f fuel pushes on the valve 24A of the fuel, the position of which is fixed a spring, and disables the function of preventing leakage of the fuel block 51. Also, fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 51, is automatically transferred to the module 10 developing ene the GII as a result of surface tension in a capillary tube 52g and the tube 52f fuel. In addition, when the fuel cell unit 20 is removed from the module 10 energy production and front-end node 30, the valve 24A of the fuel supply is closed again under the action of the elasticity of the springs so that can be prevented leakage of fuel FL for energy production.

The front-end node 30 is made so that it contains: channel 31 fuel supply for supplying fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel block 20, to node 12 energy generation or node 11 source auxiliary power supply according to the needs; and the collection channel 32 a by-product for feeding fuel block 20 all or part of the by-product (water), which is formed in the node 12 energy generation or node 11 AUX power in some cases and is collected by the node 17 collection of separated product.

Although not shown, a fuel cell unit 20 or the front-end node 30 may be of a design which provides a means of determining the residual amount for residual quantity of fuel FL to generate the energy loaded in the fuel unit 20, or a means of stabilizing the fuel to stabilize the condition of loading of fuel for energy production, as shown in Fig and 60.

Site H reaction of the steam reforming process used for system power source in accordance with this particular example design, for example,as shown in Fig, made so that contains the node a release of fuel; node 202b release water; node a fuel evaporation; node 203b evaporation of water; the mixing node s; channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process and the node 205 release of gaseous hydrogen, with each of these elements is provided that has a predetermined shaped groove and a pre-defined template flat surface on one side

the small surface of the substrate 201, for example, of silicon, resulting from the use of the method of micromachining, such as a method of manufacturing semiconductors. Site H reaction of the steam reforming process also contains a thin-film heater 206, which is located in the region corresponding to the region in which is formed the channel 204 of the reaction of the steam reforming process is provided for on the other side of the small surface of the substrate 201.

Site a release of fuel and the node 202b release of water has a release mechanism of a fluid medium for the production of fuel for energy production, which can be the starting material in the reaction of steam reforming, and water in the channel flow in the form of particles of a liquid in accordance with a predetermined single number, for example. Therefore, as the stages of development of reaction of steam reforming specified, for example, the chemical equation (3), are managed on the basis of the amount of production of fuel for vyrabotki the energy or water in the node a release of fuel and the node 202b release of water (specifically, the amount of heat from below the thin-film heater 206 is also closely connected with them), the node a release of fuel and the node 202b release of water have a design that serves as part of the function of adjusting the amount of fuel in the above-described node 14 control output (node 14a fuel management).

Site a evaporation of fuel and node 203b evaporation of water heaters are heated to the evaporation conditions, such as boiling point of each of the fuel for energy and water, through the process of evaporation, shown in figa, and evaporated fuel for energy or water discharged from the site a release fuel and node 202b release water in the form of fluid particles, subjecting the fuel for power generation or water treatment by heating or treatment by pressure reduction, thereby forming a mixed gas obtained from the fuel gas and vapor in the mixing node s.

Thin-film heater 206 sends a mixed gas formed in the mixing node s in the channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process and causes the reaction of the steam reforming process, shown in figa, and performing a chemical equation (3)based on the catalyst based on copper-tin (Cu-Zn) (not shown)is formed for adhesion to the surface of the inner wall of the channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process, and a predetermined determination is by thermal energy, supplied to the channel 204 of the reaction of the reformer from the thin-film heater 206 provided according to the area in which the channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process was established to channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process, thereby forming gaseous hydrogen (H2O) (the reaction of the steam reforming process).

Node 205 release of gaseous hydrogen produces hydrogen gas, which is formed in the channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process and contains carbon monoxide and the like, eliminates carbon monoxide (CO) through a process of reaction the conversion of water and process selective oxidation reactions in the host 210Z selective oxidative reaction and then delivers the received gas to the fuel electrode of a fuel cell, comprising the node 12 energy production. As a result, the node 12 energy creates a sequence of electrochemical reactions based on chemical equations (6) and (7), thereby generating a predetermined electric power.

In the power supply system having such a construction, for example, when the fuel cell unit 20 is connected with the module 10 energy through the front-end node 30 in accordance with the above principle (initial stage of operation, the starting phase of work, the stage of steady work and stage of shutdown), disabled options which I prevent leakage through the valve 24A fuel (for preventing the leakage of fuel), and fuel FL for energy production (e.g., methanol), loaded into the cavity 22A fuel loading fuel block 20, is fed to the fuel electrode of the battery of fuel cells that are directly part of the node 11 source of auxiliary power, using the channel 31 of the fuel, thereby producing a second electric power. This electricity is supplied to the node 13 control available on the crystal 90 control, as the working electric power and also serves as a power actuation to the controller CNT included in the device DVC (not shown)which is electrically connected system 301 power source terminal of the positive electrode and the negative electrode terminal, which is not shown.

When the node 13 control receives information regarding the state of the load LD of the device DVC, from the controller CNT, node 13 control outputs the signal to the node 15 launch control and uses part of the power generated by the node 11 of the auxiliary source of power for heating the thin-film heater 206 node H reaction of the steam reforming process. Also, the node 13 to control the operation produces a predetermined quantity of fuel for energy and water in the channel 204 of the reaction of reforming node H response Ref is rming pair. The result is the formation of gaseous hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2in the reaction of steam reforming and selective oxidation reactions listed above chemical equations (3)-(5)and gaseous hydrogen (H2) is fed to the fuel electrode of a fuel cell, comprising the node 12 energy, thereby generating the first power. The first electric power supplied to the load LD of the device DVC in the form of electricity actuate the load. Next, carbon dioxide (CO2) comes out of the module 10 of a power generation system 301 power supply), for example, through the exhaust hole 14d provided on the upper front surface of the module 10 energy.

By-product (gas, such as steam)generated during the work on the development of energy in the node 12 energy, is cooled and liquefied in the node 17 collection of separated product. Therefore, a by-product is separated into water and some other gas components, and only water is collected and partially served on site H reaction of the steam reforming process through the channel 16A feed by-product. In addition, any other water irreversibly retained in the cavity 22B storage of the harvested product in the fuel unit 20 through the channel 32 of the collecting side of the product.

In accordance to the system 301 power supply, related to that specific example structures, the respective electric power (first electric power) in accordance with the state of the driven load (device DVC) offline can be displayed without replenishment of fuel from outside the system 301 power supply, energy production can be carried out with high energy conversion efficiency, at the same time realizing an electrical characteristic equivalent to the characteristics of the galvanic element General purpose, and providing easy handling. In addition, you can implement a system power source of the portable type, which has a smaller impact on the environment, at least in the case of ejection of the fuel block 20 in nature or disposal in a landfill.

In this particular example, the design description is given for the case when part of the by-product (water), formed or assembled in the node 12 energy, node H reaction of steam reforming or the like, is supplied to the node H reaction of steam reforming and re-used,

use water that is loaded in the fuel unit 20 together with the fuel for power generation (methanol or the like), and the reaction of steam reforming is performed in the node H reaction of steam reforming in the power supply system, to the Torah, this design is not used.

In the case of the research work on the development of energy using the loaded fuel to generate the energy with which water is pre-mixed, therefore, as shown in Fig, as construction site H reaction of the steam reforming process, you can apply the construction in which is formed a single channel flow, consisting only of node 202 of the release of fuel, node 203 evaporation of fuel channel 204 of the reaction of the reforming process and node 205 release of hydrogen gas on one side of the small surface of the substrate 201.

As described above, the power supply system in accordance with the present invention can be made arbitrary Association of elements in the above examples, the design, the modules generate power in the respective embodiments, execution and attachable and detachable designs in their respective versions of the. In some cases, may be provided in parallel or many source nodes of auxiliary power, or units of energy, or the variety of their types can be provided in parallel. Since the actuation of the site energy generation is controlled in accordance with the start-up state of the device by means of this design, can be reduced excessive fuel consumption for energy generation, and can be improved e is the efficiency of use of energy resources. In particular, the present invention can be extensively used for a portable device to which is applied the item being removed for General purposes as a power source, such as a mobile phone, personal digital assistant, a personal computer the size of a notebook, digital camera, digital camera etc. or imaging unit, such as an element of the liquid crystal, electroluminescent element and other

1. The power supply system, which supplies electricity to an external device containing a download site fuel having degradable site, made of biodegradable material that can be converted into one or many of the materials that make up the soil in nature, in which the loaded fuel; and site energy generation, which can be attached to the mentioned site fueling and disconnected from it and generates electricity through the use of the fuel supplied from the mentioned site fuel loading.

2. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which said power supply system can be attached to the mentioned external device and disconnected from it without restriction.

3. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which said power supply system is equipped with a terminal to the I delivers electricity at the above-mentioned external device.

4. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which the above download site fuel has mentioned degradable node, it is made of a material which is biodegradable, at least in the natural environment.

5. The power supply system according to claim 4, in which the aforementioned biodegradable node is made of a material that can decompose in touch with the soil in nature.

6. The power supply system according to claim 5, in which the aforementioned biodegradable node is made of biodegradable plastic, which can break down microbes.

7. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which the mentioned site energy generation equipped with a fuel cell, which produces the electric power in the electrochemical reaction using the above-mentioned fuel supplied from the mentioned site fuel loading.

8. The power supply system according to claim 7, in which the mentioned fuel cell is a fuel cell with a reformer of a fuel, comprising the device of the reforming fuel, which performs the mentioned reforming fuel and retrieves the specific component, the fuel electrode to which these specific component is supplied, and an air electrode, which is oxygen.

9. The power supply system of claim 8, in which the mentioned device is about reforming fuel is supplied, at least one node of the reaction of steam reforming, host reactions the conversion of water and site selective oxidation reactions.

10. The power supply system of claim 8, in which the said device reforming fuel is the channel flow stream depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 microns.

11. The power supply system of claim 8, in which the said device reforming fuel has a heater.

12. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which the mentioned site energy generation has a node holding, which holds the above download site fuel.

13. The power supply system according to item 12, which mentions the download site fuel has an open node other than the nodes held-mentioned node holding the mentioned site energy generation, and can extract the above download site fuel from the mentioned site energy generation through physical effort applied to the above-mentioned uncovered node.

14. The power supply system according to item 12, which mentions the download site fuel has an open node other than the nodes held-mentioned node holding the mentioned site energy generation, and can connect the above download site fuel with the mentioned site energy generation through physical efforts to mentioned escrita node.

15. The power supply system according to claim 1, in which the above download site fuel contains means for supplying fuel to supply the above-mentioned fuel for energy production on the mentioned site energy generation and tool receiving side for receiving at least part of the by-product formed in the above-mentioned site energy generation, and in which the mentioned site energy generation includes means for receiving fuel for receiving the said fuel to generate the energy supplied from the above download site fuel and means for supplying a by-product for feeding at least part of the by-product formed during the formation energy.

16. The power supply system according to clause 15, which, when referred to a download site fuel and the above-mentioned site energy generation connected to each other, the said means for supplying fuel to the mentioned site fueling connected with the said means receiving fuel from the mentioned site energy generation and the said means for supplying a by-product of the above-mentioned node energy is connected with the said means of reception of a by-product of the above-mentioned site fuel loading.

17. Fuel block, which has a cavity that is used to save fuel containing shell, which has a feed channel, use the second for production of the fuel to the outside, made of biorazlagaemykh material.

18. Fuel block 17, in which the aforementioned fuel cell unit further comprises protective means for separating the said shell is made of biorazlagaemykh material from the factors of destruction for the decomposition of the mentioned parts.

19. Fuel block p, in which the mentioned protective agent made of a material which is not corroded by the mentioned factors of destruction for the decomposition of the above mentioned sheath consisting of biorazlagaemykh material.

20. Fuel block p, in which the mentioned protective agent is a film which closes the said part of the said shell consisting of biorazlagaemykh material.

21. Fuel block p, in which the mentioned protective agent can be removed from the said shell.

22. The power generator, which feeds the electric power to the load module containing energy for generating said electric power from the fuel; the storage node of fuel, which can be connected to the node energy and extracted from the site of energy production, and it has an open site, which is exposed from the mentioned site energy generation, when it is connected with the mentioned site energy generation; and the supply channel, which is used for supplying mention the CSOs fuel on the mentioned site energy generation; the first interface that allows you to attach the mentioned site fuel storage, which has a cavity that is used to store the said fuel to said module energy production and disconnect from it and is used to extract the above mentioned fuel from the storage node of fuel in the above-mentioned module energy; and a second interface that allows you to attach and detach the mentioned module energy to an external device and which is referred to the load and is used to output the electricity generated from the mentioned module energy yield, referred to the external device.

23. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said power generator further comprises a third interface that provides information about the residual amount of fuel in the above-mentioned site fuel storage at the above-mentioned external device.

24. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said power generator further comprises a third interface, in which you enter information about the actuation of the above mentioned load.

25. The power generator according to article 22, which referred to the second interface includes a positive electrode terminal and negative electrode terminal.

26. The power generator according to article 22, in which the calibration, which can be the ü pointer residual amount of the above-mentioned fuel in the above-mentioned site fuel storage, provided on said power generator.

27. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said module energy includes fuel cell, which has a device reforming fuel, which performs the mentioned reforming fuel and retrieves the specific component of the fuel electrode, which served these specific component, and an air electrode, which is oxygen.

28. The power generator according to item 27 in which the said device reforming fuel is supplied, at least one of the host reaction of steam reforming, host reactions the conversion of water and site selective oxidation reactions.

29. The power generator according to item 27 in which the said device reforming fuel is the channel flow stream depth and width, respectively, does not exceed 500 μm, and a heater that installs in the cavity in the above-mentioned channel flow flow a predetermined temperature.

30. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said module energy is a capacitor.

31. The power generator according to article 22, in which is mentioned the first interface has an open node, which leaves open the above site fuel storage, when the mentioned site fuel storage is attached to said module energy production.

32. Generationality on p, in which mentioned the first interface is designed in a way that allows you to remove the mentioned site fueling of the mentioned module energy through physical effort applied to the mentioned open node.

33. The power generator on p, which referred to an outdoor site mentioned first interface has a first open portion and the second open portion opposite the aforementioned first open part and the first interface is made so that the node load of fuel is ejected from the mentioned second open part through physical effort applied to the aforementioned first open part.

34. The power generator on p, which referred to the first interface is made so that it can join the above site to download fuel to said module energy through physical effort applied to the mentioned open node.

35. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said storage node of fuel can be extracted from the mentioned site energy generation through physical effort applied to the above-mentioned uncovered node.

36. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said site fuel storage can be connected with the mentioned site energy generation through physical efforts to open knot is.

37. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said site fuel storage is equipped with an inlet channel, which is used for collecting by-product formed by the above mentioned site energy generation.

38. The power generator according to article 22, in which at least one of the storage node of fuel and the above-mentioned flow channel includes bioresource plastic.

39. The power generator according to article 22, in which at least part of these site fuel storage is transparent.

40. The power generator according to article 22, in which the said site fuel storage is a shell that has a calibration that is used for measuring the amount of the said fuel, and which, at least partially, is transparent.

41. The device, powered by electricity, which contains the load powered by said electric power; and a power supply system that can be attached to said device and disconnected from it without restriction and which supplies electric power generated from the fuel to the said load while said power supply system includes a device reforming fuel with a channel the flow of fuel, depth and width, respectively, are not more than 500 μm, and the said device is of forminga fuel is supplied, at least one node of the reaction of steam reforming, host reactions the conversion of water and site selective oxidation reactions.

42. The device according to paragraph 41, in which said power supply system includes a download site fuel, which loaded the said fuel; and site energy generation that can be connected to the above download site fuel and disconnected from it without restriction and which produces the electricity through the use of the fuel supplied from the mentioned site fuel loading.

43. The device according to paragraph 41, in which the said device is a computer.

44. The device according to paragraph 41, in which the said device has the display unit.

45. The energy generator, which generates energy by using fuel containing means of power generation for generating energy by means of the mentioned fuel loaded in a detachable loader fuel; and means of control for the time variation of the output voltage supplied to the load by the power generated by the mentioned means of energy production.

46. The power generator according to § 45, in which the said means of control change mentioned output voltage in accordance with statecinemacalaisme mentioned fuel loaded in the above-mentioned vehicle fuel loading.

47. The power generator according to § 45, in which the said management tool additionally has a means of determining to determine the residual amount of the above-mentioned fuel loaded in the above-mentioned vehicle fuel loading.

48. The power generator according to § 45, in which the said means of control referred to output voltage, lowering it decreases when the residual quantity of the above-mentioned fuel loaded in the above-mentioned vehicle fuel loading.

49. The power generator according to § 45, in which the said means of power generation further comprises a capacitor which can be charged by generated electric power.

The priority of claims 1 to 8, 17, 41, 42, 45-48 from 21.12.2000

Priority p-16, 23, 24 and 28-39 from 14.09.2001

Priority p, 25, 27 from 17.01.2001

Priority p-21, 26, 40, 43, 44, 49 from 19.12.2001



 

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