Method for elementary training of accurate fire from small arms

FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.

SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.

EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.

2 dwg


The invention relates to educational devices for marksmanship training small arms and can be used in the initial infantry training.

Known training devices: YAK-83, sighting machine Volkova (see gander P.A. Initial military training /Pagosa, Amerace. - Minsk: Nar. of light, 1975. - 480 C.), etc. used in the Russian armed forces for military training shooters are used in training well-aimed shot. The shooter is trained to dub a fly in the slots of sight, correct aiming in a specially installed targets.

Their disadvantage is constructive complexity, bulkiness, stationarity, which complicates the process of marksmanship training, besides their use requires a large amount of time on training, whereas training program allows for a study of this topic about 5 hours per class (platoon). In addition to marksmanship training requires the use of a set of devices.

Consider as a prototype machine for pickup weapons (ibid, s-275). Machine for aiming weapons, screen and pointer are used for training in the monotony of the aiming of firearms on short distances (10-15 m). The commander or his assistant is a great shooter, puts a gun to the pointer (the target), which is one of the trainees keeps on Chi is that (white) field of the screen. Under the arms is mounted to the machine. The centre of the black circle pointer (position) fixed point through the hole in it. This is a checkpoint. After that, the commander orders to move the pointer to the side, and one of the trainees, taking aim through the sights mounted on the machine weapon, gives instructions on where to move the pointer, so that she was again in the correct position relative to the slot of the rear sight, and front sight, i.e. the center of the pointer (the hole), must be covered or closer to the control point.

The disadvantage of the prototype is that the fire is constantly flinching. This is because the checkpoint was made with proper aiming and weapon fixed. Following learning, making mistakes in aiming, say, all the while making great ground clearance, and its point of interference was higher than the control.

This leads to the fact that the exercise of one arrow requires a minimum of 30 minutes. If we consider that in the class (platoon) traditionally 25-30 people, it becomes clear that the marksmanship training with the use of this device is difficult.

The present invention is the task of simplifying and speeding up the practice marksmanship. This is accomplished by using (see figure 1) training device, which consists of flat flies (Fig 1, a), rizalino devices (1, b) and the target (figure 1, b).

A distinctive feature of the device is that the target is in the eye of the learner or learning, which are apart from each other at a distance of 40-60 cm and switch roles in the learning process.

This ensures reliable feedback between the learner and the learning that allows for a short time to work out all of the provisions of marksmanship, and most importantly - the shooter acquires skills dub even fly up to the ideal. 10 minutes of arrows ready to marksmanship, because during this time he led the commander manages to make up to 50 uravnenii smooth flies in the slots of sight.

The training device includes three stages:

The 1st stage. The learner, using the device, and learns what a smooth front sight and the target point (2, a).

The 2nd stage. The learner with the help of the device fulfills the announcement of smooth fly to the target point and other elements of the fire (figure 2, b).

The 3rd stage. The learner internalizes the main thing is that successful shooting depends on the smooth front sight, and therefore to the target point (aiming) you need to make a fire so that the front sight was clearly visible, and the target is vague, otherwise the pupil of a pupil shrink and arrows may lose even the fly (figure 2, b).

The advantage of the proposed training device in comparison with the existing can sell the show as follows:

№p/pExisting devicesThe proposed device
1.The set of training devices, usually takes a solid amount (min40×30×25 cm) and weighs 15 min kgThe device is small (about 10 cm, weight 30 g) and fits in a breast pocket
2.Technologically complex, the only industrial productionTechnologically simple. To make you, as an industrial way and independently of the auxiliary material, for example sheet metal
3.The cost is calculated min in the hundred rublesThe cost is not more than 3 rubles
4.You can only train in the classroom, barracks, training townTraining does not require dedicated space. Practically
  in any place, including in combat
5.Training one arrow is required from one hour to one and a halfIn 10 minutes one man learns the techniques of marksmanship: learning to dub even fly to cut the sight and to develop other elements of marksmanship
6.Training platoon and class requires a large amount of time (min 30 hours), because, as a rule, use one kitIn one hour you can teach marksmanship platoon (class), because the platoon is possible to provide the required number of cheap and simple devices, based on 1 device for 2-3 people
7.To control the level of training is practically impossible because it requiresThe device is a powerful tool of control,
 many hoursallow 1 hour to verify how true 40-50 people learned the techniques of marksmanship Control can be performed at any place
8.Training without weapons cannotTraining is possible even without weapons
9.Training marksmanship is only possible using a set of training instrumentsFor marksmanship training is sufficient for the proposed device

The economic effect of the proposed invention is that the simplicity of the design does not require large investments. The use of simple, cheap and reliable instrument will improve Bogatov the guard to reduce the consumption of ammunition. The device adopted for training the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia, just Russia, a regiment of Marines of the black sea fleet of Russia and school divers of the black sea fleet of Russia.

The way in which the initial marksmanship training small arms, including aiming at a target of a student under the guidance of learning through training device, characterized in that as the target use of eye training or a trainee, which are arranged relative to each other at a distance of 40-60 cm and in the learning process change roles.


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