Chronic alcoholism treatment method

FIELD: medicine, in particular, narcology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using computer as apparatus for displaying on monitor screen of brain colored images reflecting at least two states of brain: before coding by separating portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof reflecting increasing extent of brain affection, and after coding by separating big portion of bright-red color on the background of portions colored with yellow, green and blue colors and tints thereof, respectively; explaining to patient that portion of bright-red color is his dominant code resulted from treatment; before coding procedure, applying and fixing on patient's forehead electrodes simulating elimination of brain potentials; in the course of coding, exposing patient to light flashes with switched-off common illumination and to continuous acoustic signals generated by means of acoustic synthesizer; during coding procedure, exposing patient to light flashes issued from, for example, stroboscope, said light flashes being emitted at frequency of 1-3 Hz; providing immediate suggestion by means of microphone and telephone headsets electrically connected to microphone and secured on patient's head. Method allows preliminary treatment procedure to be avoided.

EFFECT: increased therapeutic effect.

4 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to medicine, namely to addiction. Of the two applied modern trends in the treatment of alcoholism - medication and psychotherapy the latter allows to obtain a better result in the reduction in the duration of treatment.

From a psychotherapeutic directions known method, A.R., Dovzhenko treat chronic alcoholism (USSR author's certificate No. 1165392, MCL And 61 N 39/04, 1980), in which after the beginning of the creation of negative conditioned reflex on alcohol the patient produce irritation of the vagus and trigeminal nerves by mechanical pressure on the point Valle within 2-5 with subsequent irrigation of the surface of the pharynx and oral cavity-chloroethyl in the amount of 0.2-0.3 ml within 1-2 C. the Disadvantage of this method and its improved version, which is suggestive of the influence of exercise on a group of at least 100 people and additionally irritate the exit point greater occipital nerve (RF patent No. 2006220, MCL And 61 N 39/04, 1994), is the presence of a large number of contraindications to treatment and complications, and the duration (up to 21 days) abstinence from alcohol before encoding.

Also known is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism (RF patent No. 2011374, MCL And 61 N 39/04, And 61 M 21/00, 1993), which includes a multi suggestion who is operation and mechanical stimulation of the reflex zones, while suggestive effects create an installation on a sober life, carry out pressure within 5-7 with a point YES-JU, irrigate with cold water region of the back, chest and head, spend a violent head tilts forward and back and in the imperative form, inform the patient that he healed on the duration of the encoding. The disadvantage of this method is the use of heavy exposure to stress, which can lead to a variety of autonomic and emotional disorders.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism (RF patent No. 2018326, MCL And 61 M 21/00, And 61 N 39/04, 1994), including collective and individual psychotherapy with reflexogenic zones, the formation of installation on the sober life through direct and indirect suggestion and the creation of alcohol code suggestion of the code image in the form of material energy of the substance and use of mechanical stimulation of reflex zones of the head with her sharp crowding and rotation. The strengthening of the code provide in the final session of the collective psychotherapy by a show of hands of therapist with the suggestion to see a glowing aura around them as confirmation of material nature code. The disadvantages of this method are: the presence of discomfort, the occurrence of autonomic disorders is a reduction in the effectiveness of treatment due to the lack of opportunities objective visual monitoring of the code by the patient.

These drawbacks are eliminated in the known method for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by RF patent No. 2161047 (MCL And 61 M 21/00, And 61 N 7/00), which is the closest to the claimed method according to essential features. This known method involves performing collective and individual psychotherapy with reflexogenic zones and coding for a certain period. The treatment begins with individual psychotherapeutic conversation and appointment two weeks tonic and detoxifying treatment. The formation of installation on the sober life is carried out by using techniques of identity (in particular imprecatory to the world and people) and the creation of a model “New me” mix of “I'm bad” and “I'm good with fixing audioline sound of a certain frequency, and the formation of protivoallergennogo code produced by the induction of kinesthetic sensations in the head of the patient and the suggestion ideomotor response reject his head back, followed by a light finger pressure on the eye for 1 and a suggestion that the code is well started. In the process produce a change of control over the generated code by changing the amount of current produced by the patient's body when superimposed electrodes on his knees and measured using a universal beastialy the ora biome-01M, when massaged his zone carotid sinus message about the formation of a strong code.

The disadvantages of this method are the complexity of his psychotherapeutic implementation and the need for the prior two-week treatment of patients.

The objective of the invention was to provide a method for treatment of chronic alcoholism, while maintaining a high therapeutic effect possessed by the simplicity of psychotherapeutic implementation and eliminated the need for pre-treatment of patients.

To solve the problem with the achievement of the technical result in the newly developed method of treatment of chronic alcoholism involves the formation of a negative conditioned reflex to alcohol through collective and individual exposure to suggestion, creating individual psychotherapy session alcohol code for a designated period of time, sound effects and carrying out the suggestion of control over generated code and the control code by the patient using hardware. A distinctive feature of the patented method is that as hardware tools use computer demonstration on the monitor screen color images of the brain, reflecting at least two of its state accordingly to encode due from the surveillance areas with colored reflecting an increasing degree of brain damage yellow, green and blue colors and their shades and after encoding by selection on the background sections of yellow, green and blue colors and shades large area of bright red color, and explaining to the patient that this is his dominant code as an achievement of the treatment, and before the encoding session impose on the patient's forehead with subsequent fixation of the electrodes on the head, simulating the removal of brain potentials during encoding on it is affected by light flashes when turned off General lighting and sound effects in continuous mode with sound synthesizer.

To enhance therapeutic effect of the exposure light flashes carried out with a frequency of 1-3 Hz, for example, from the strobe, and direct suggestion is carried out with a microphone and elektricheski related phone Jack installed on the patient's head.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, which show:

figure 1 - screen computer monitor with the image of the four projections of the brain (top view), reflecting its possible status: initial (before encoding), two intermediate (during encoding) and final (after encoding);

figure 2 - screen computer monitor with the image of the three projections of the brain (top, right, and left), the state before encoding;

figure 3 - the same condition after the encoding.

the manual treatment of chronic alcoholism is as follows.

The treatment is carried out in stages with the collective and individual psychotherapy, and with the admission of all patients without contraindications and abstention from alcoholic drinks in one day or even light alcohol.

The first stage of treatment is a preliminary conversation psychotherapist with a group of patients for up to 12 people (preferably in the presence of relatives). Patients report that the treatment is alcohol computer coding and show on the screen 1 a computer monitor (figure 1) four color image projections of the brain 2 (top view)showing the process of treatment in time: from state 3 (before encoding) via intermediate States 4 and 5 (during encoding) to the final state 6 (after encoding). The patients explain the following. The predominance plots blue 7 characteristic of alcohol dependence (state 3 brain 2). During the encoding session is stimulation of brain structures and the color scheme changes (state 4 brain 2). Although still dominated by the blue areas 7, there are areas turquoise 8 and dark green 9. Then (condition 5 brain 2) appear green areas 10 and 11 colors yellow and the background - lots of bright red color 12 (primary code). In the end the positive phase encoding (condition 6 brain 2) against the green 10 and 11 colors yellow dominates the plot is bright red in color 12. This condition of the brain characterized by an indifferent attitude to alcohol, i.e. the encoding process is a process of displacement of pathological activity (morbid craving for alcohol).

Then patients explain that the code is stable dominant in the brain and the main action code - complete removal of craving for alcohol. But the code and alcohol among themselves absolutely incompatible. If there is a use of alcoholic beverages under the code, it leads to disruption of brain function and, consequently, to different kinds of mental and somatic complications. So after encoding it is necessary to completely eliminate the use of alcoholic beverages and alcohol-containing medicinal substances and products of fermentation.

Next, the patients pay attention to the fact that there are several factors that can weaken the effect of the code and trigger a craving for alcohol (strong stress, high temperature, traumatic brain injury, etc.). In this case, you must refer to maintenance treatment (gain code). Also it is recommended that patients routinely every six months to monitor the status code. In this report, the term encoding from one year to three years, at the end of the period, the dominant takes on their own, however, the brain remains in a state of indifference to what lcohol. This condition is violated only when the first dose of alcohol.

The second stage of treatment is individual and represents the session actually coding. It is in a separate room, equipped with a computer, strobe and sound synthesizer. Before encoding of a patient seated in the chair. On his forehead impose electrodes with subsequent fixation on the head. Produce simulated removal of brain potentials and produce a display on the monitor screen 1 (figure 2) images of the brain (usually use data obtained by electroencephalography) in its three projections - top view 2, right side view 13 and left side view 14-dominated plots blue 7, turquoise 8 and dark green 9 colors. The patient is given an explanation of what the image of the brain reflects the availability of alcohol dependence. Then put on the patient's head headphones, phones which are electrically connected with the microphone. Off General lighting include strobe, bringing it to life with flashes of light on one of the frequencies, taken from the range of 1-3 Hz, and offer the patient to look at the strobe. Include a sound synthesizer. Impact on patient two factors - light and sound allows to some extent to disable his consciousness and to facilitate the perception of treatment settings besondern the MIS structures, which it is implemented. In this joint light and sound effects on the patient, therapist gives him a loud voice peremptory tone treatment installation (direct suggestion):

“My every word clearly imprinted in your mind, my every word penetrates deeply into your consciousness. Deep indifference to alcohol (repeated three times). I've been programming your brain for a complete indifference to alcohol (repeated three times).IN the case of violation of the regime of sobriety - severe complications: brain swelling, paralysis, death. Fix common encoding for a period of... (specify the period) year(s). Code... (again specified period of time). Full sobriety in the course of... (specify the period). My every word clearly imprinted in your mind, my every word penetrates deeply into your consciousness.”

At the end of direct suggestions include General lighting, is removed from the patient electrodes and the headphones.

The third stage of treatment is mediated by the suggestion. The patient is showing on the monitor screen 1 (figure 3) image 6 brain 2 after encoding, where the background of small parcels blue 7, turquoise 8, dark green 9 green 10 yellow 11 colors expressed a large area of bright red color 12. The patient explained that it was his dominant code, i.e. the result is achieved, with the red color of the hearth (code) pagsasarili what about the associated with the ban on alcohol. I'll stress again the main effect of code - removing morbid craving for alcohol. Next, the patient's attention focus on localization code and possible negative consequences in case of violation of the regime of sobriety.

Patented method of treatment was used in a diagnostic and treatment center “Partners”, Belgorod). Its overall effectiveness is confirmed by studies conducted in 977 patients (data shown in table). At high performance (full remission of 92.6%), the absence of contraindications and comfortable treatment session, the proposed method has low duration of the treatment process, which expands the Arsenal of tools for addiction.



Table
The follow-up after one yearThe number of patients
Treated only977
Obtained follow-up data325
Complete remission301
Unstable remission involving a single alcoholic excesses7
A relapse12
Decoded on the background of sobriety5

1. Method for the treatment of chronic alcoholism, including the formirovanie negative conditioned reflex to alcohol through collective and individual exposure to suggestion, create individual psychotherapy session alcohol code for a designated period of time, sound effects and carrying out the suggestion of control over generated code and the control code by the patient using hardware, characterized in that as hardware tools use computer demonstration on the monitor screen color images of the brain, reflecting at least two of its state accordingly to encoding by selecting blocks with painted expressing increasing the degree of brain damage yellow, green, and blue colors and their shades and after encoding by selection on the background sections of yellow, green and blue colors and shades large area of bright red, and explaining to the patient that this is his dominant code as a result of treatment, and before the encoding session impose on the patient's forehead with subsequent fixation of the electrodes on the head, simulating the removal of brain potentials during encoding on it is affected by light flashes when turned off General lighting and sound effects in continuous mode with sound synthesizer.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the exposure light flashes carried out with a frequency of 1 to 3 Hz.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that during the encoding on the patient impacts what are the flashes of light, for example from the strobe.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the direct suggestion is carried out with a microphone and electrically linked to the phone Jack installed on the patient's head.



 

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