Blower

FIELD: blowers united with wind turbine, possibly used in different branches of industry and in objects of social and living designation.

SUBSTANCE: blower includes drum impeller with vanes mounted in horizontal shaft. Impeller is arranged in cylindrical casing having air intake opening and diffuser. Novelty is wind turbine built-in to structure of blower system. Wind turbine includes wind wheel with vanes on horizontal shaft. Wind wheel is arranged in cylindrical casing with air intake opening and diffuser. Diffuser of blower is connected with air intake of wind turbine. Carrying structure of blower is joined with carrying structure of wind turbine.

EFFECT: improved design, enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 6 dwg

 

The present invention relates to equipment and can be used in industry and the objects of social purpose for drawing smoky, overheated or pereuvlazhnennykh air masses.

You know, that was proposed by fan, containing the drum wheel with blades, ukreplennye on a horizontal shaft mounted on bearings. Drum wheel placed in a cylindrical casing with an air intake opening and the outlet air masses (cone). The casing is located on a supporting structure. There fortified and the electric motor, which has with the shaft of the drum wheel. (Published in: Industrial aerodynamics", 1988, page 214. In addition, information obtained from advertising and publishing industrial equipment: Ventilation, water supply, heat supply, page 8, 2002. The address of the publisher: Russia, 109428. Moscow, Ryazansky prospect 8A).

Despite the widespread use of fans, motors these plants have a high inductance with a very small power factor (15-20%). Increases the power factor only when starting the fan to the required nominal values, which in General has a negative effect on the cost of the fan.

Currently, there is a need in of the Anenii design of the fan, allow the fullest use of electricity consumption, and also play electric energy using waste air streams.

The implementation of such a technical result can be achieved provided that the manufacture of the fan with the inclusion of the coupling (fluid coupling), which will significantly improve the power factor of the motor, i.e. the motor will be able to work with a slight difference in the use of power both at the start and during operation of the fan. In addition, this device allows you to create conditions for a softer, longer starting torque in the unwinding of the fan. This capability can be used for this purpose motors of lower power. However, provided for the inclusion in the design of the fan device of a wind turbine will allow the use of exhaust air masses in order to generate electricity.

The essence of this proposal is that the fan consists of a drum of a wheel with blades mounted on a horizontal shaft located in the housing with two holes. One intake port, and the other needed to exhaust air masses (diffuser). This fan shroud is located on the bearing design is I. Horizontal shaft with one hand attached to the coupling (fluid coupling). Coupling consists of a pulley with grooves for the belt drive and socket bearing. In addition, the coupling comprises a cylindrical drum located in the grooves on the pulley, with Windows, which are freely connecting pads, while the drum sleeve, attached to its front wall, the outside is connected to the bearings and the inside is connected to the horizontal shaft of the fan. On the one hand the coupling (fluid coupling) to the pulley attached cover that covers the bearings. The blower is powered by a motor mounted on the supporting structure with a pulley on the shaft, which is connected via a belt drive with a coupling (fluid coupling).

However, to the hole of the fan shroud designed for output of air masses (cone), is attached by means of flanges of the turbine, consisting of a drum wind turbine with curved blades mounted on a horizontal shaft located in the housing, is made of two parts - top and bottom, with slots and end walls. One end of a horizontal shaft connected to a generator, which is attached to the supporting structure of the wind turbine and supporting structure of a wind turbine with whom United with the load-bearing fan.

The essence of the invention is illustrated in the drawings, in which figure 1 shows a fan with reinforced wind turbine and coupling shaft (front view). Figure 2 shows the fan with reinforced wind turbine and coupling shaft (side view). Figure 3 shows the pulley couplings (fluid coupling) with fortified in the socket bearings and sealing cap. Made in the cross-section (side view). Figure 4 shows a cylindrical drum with Windows, fixed on the shaft of the fan (side view). Figure 5 shows a connector block (front view). Figure 6 shows the connection of the shaft of the motor with the fan shaft with coupling and coupling (fluid coupling).

The device fan contains drum wheel (1), figure 1, figure 2, with the blades (2), mounted on a horizontal shaft (3)mounted on bearings (4). Drum wheel housed in a cylindrical casing (5). The cylindrical casing has an intake port (6)and the hole for the exhaust air masses (7) (diffuser). In addition, in the casing (5) has a hole with fixed gate (8). The casing (5) is located on a supporting structure (9). Horizontal shaft (3) on the one hand is connected with a coupling (fluid coupling) (10), which consists of a pulley (11) (figure 3) with the grooves is, for belt drive and socket bearing (12)and a cylindrical drum (13) (figure 4) with Windows, which are freely connecting pads (14) (figure 5), while by the end wall of the drum is attached to the sleeve (15), which is housed in the bearing hole. The internal wall of the sleeve mounted on the shaft of the fan (3), and the cylindrical drum (13) is in the slot (16) of the pulley (11). In addition, to the body of the pulley attached to the cover (17)that covers the bearings. The cavity between the ball bearings (12) filled with a viscous lubricating material, such as a gearbox. The blower is powered by an electric motor (18)mounted on the supporting structure (9), with a pulley (19) on the shaft, which is connected by means of a belt (20) to a pulley (11) of the coupling (fluid coupling). However, to the hole intended for the exit of air masses (7), cover (5) is attached by means of flanges (21) of the wind turbine. The wind turbine includes a drum wheel (22) with curved blades (23), mounted on a horizontal shaft (24)located in a cylindrical housing (25), made of two parts - the upper and lower air intake opening (26) and outlet air masses (diffuser) (27), as well as end walls. Horizontal shaft (24)mounted on the bearings (28), one of its end connected to electrogenerator is (29) by means of a pulley (30), mounted on a horizontal shaft, pulley (31), fixed on the shaft of the generator (29), and a belt transmission (32). The generator (29) attached to the supporting structure (33). Bearing structure (33) of a wind turbine attached to the supporting structure (9) of the fan.

Alternatively, the proposed fan, the motor shaft (18), 6, attached to the coupling (10) with coupling (34), pins (35) and rubber sleeves (36).

The fan is used as follows. To remove smoky, or damp air from the room enters the electric motor (18). The motor (18), creating their efforts through the pulley (19), pulley (20) on the pulley (11) of the coupling (10), it rotates around a horizontal shaft (3). During the rotation of the pulley (11) filled with a viscous lubricating material bearings (12) through the sleeve (15) create a rotational movement of the horizontal shaft (3) with its gradual acceleration. At this time freely located in the Windows cylindrical drum (13) connecting pads (14) due to the centrifugal efforts generated during the rotation, slide out from Windows and connect one of its walls with the wall of the slot (16), increasing with additional soft connection of the coupling (10) with shaft (3), resulting in faster movement of the blades (2) of the fan to the required turnover of the century However, when the rotation of the drum wheel (1) air mass drawn in through the intake opening (6) and getting into a cylindrical casing (5), then go through the hole to release air masses (7) (diffuser) in the intake opening (26) of a wind turbine. In the wind turbine air flow enters the casing (25), where, acting on the blade (23), rotate the propeller shaft (24), then escaping through the hole to release air masses (27) (diffuser). Drum wheel (22), rotating on a horizontal shaft (24), passes its efforts through the pulley (30), the pulley (31) and a pulley on the shaft of the generator (29), which rotates, produces electrical energy. To facilitate the starting torque of the fan opens the hole located on the housing body (5), using the gate (8), and then with the full unwinding of the fan is closed.

1. Fan containing drum wheel with blades mounted on a horizontal shaft located in a cylindrical housing with an air intake opening and the outlet air masses (cone), installed on a supporting structure, characterized in that the outlet air masses cover (diffuser) is connected with the air intake opening of a wind turbine, the supporting structure of a wind turbine mounted on the bearing design, the fan, the and the shaft of the drum wheel of the fan connected to the motor shaft with coupling (fluid coupling).

2. The fan according to claim 1, wherein the wind turbine includes vetrano wheel with curved blades mounted on a horizontal shaft located in a cylindrical casing composed of two parts - upper and lower with air intake opening and the outlet air masses (cone), with a horizontal shaft mounted on bearings connected to the generator.

3. The fan according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling (fluid coupling) contains the pulley with grooves for the belt, attached to the end wall of the nest, inside of which there are bearings, sealing cover, and a cylindrical drum located in the slots, with Windows, which are freely connecting pads, while the drum sleeve, attached to its front wall, the outside is connected to the bearings and the inside is attached to the shaft of the fan wheels.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the field of Turbomachinery, in particular to the speed centrifugal compressors and pumps great performance

Centrifugal fan // 2215195
The invention relates to the field of ventilyatorostroeniya, namely, centrifugal fans, their input devices, and provides a wider range of flow coefficientand the magnitude of the pressure ratioat higher values of coefficient

The invention relates to a compressor engineering, in particular to the design of high-speed centrifugal machines

The invention relates to ventilyatorostroeniya, namely, centrifugal fans for General purposes-suction, low-pressure (up to 1000 PA) and can be used to move air under pressure losses in ducts to reduce metal consumption and simplifying technology

The invention relates to electrical engineering and industries ventilyatorostroeniya, in which the production of centrifugal fans with electric motor and having, in particular, two working wheels and two input socket

The invention relates to the production of centrifugal machines, namely the creation of sealing units of the shafts of centrifugal machines, and can be used in compressors, turbines and compressors natural gas

Turbocharger // 2140576
The invention relates to power engineering and can be used as the air supply unit for internal combustion engines and gas turbine engines

Centrifugal fan // 2135837

The invention relates to the field of wind energy and can be used to generate electricity

Wind turbine // 2242635
The invention relates to the field of wind energy, namely wind turbine that converts the energy of the air flow into mechanical energy supplied to the generator

The invention relates to wind energy, namely wind power unit, using the power of high-altitude jet streams

The invention relates to energy, in particular to a stand-alone power supply systems using renewable energy sources (wind energy, water energy, and tidal and t

Blade installation // 2239096
The invention relates to the field of wind energy

The invention relates to the field of wind energy and can be used to generate electricity

The invention relates to the field of wind energy and can be used to generate electricity

Wind power // 2239093
The invention relates to the field of wind energy

The invention relates to the field of wind energy, namely vehicles, using wind turbines generator

Power-supply system // 2233387
The invention relates to the field of energy, namely, the Autonomous power supply systems, which use solar energy to generate electricity, heat, hot water for industrial and agricultural objects

Blower // 2244166

FIELD: blowers united with wind turbine, possibly used in different branches of industry and in objects of social and living designation.

SUBSTANCE: blower includes drum impeller with vanes mounted in horizontal shaft. Impeller is arranged in cylindrical casing having air intake opening and diffuser. Novelty is wind turbine built-in to structure of blower system. Wind turbine includes wind wheel with vanes on horizontal shaft. Wind wheel is arranged in cylindrical casing with air intake opening and diffuser. Diffuser of blower is connected with air intake of wind turbine. Carrying structure of blower is joined with carrying structure of wind turbine.

EFFECT: improved design, enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 6 dwg

Up!