Autonomous sewage system

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to sewage, namely the complex of engineering structures and sanitary measures for the collection and removal of domestic wastewater associated with everyday human activities in rural areas.

A device that represents the bowl, within which waste is recycled into compost (Razumovsky AS Cleaning and disinfection of wastewater of small settlements, 2nd ed. - M.: stroiizdat, 1986, 106 C.). The compost is used as fertilizer. Toilets intended for use by one family. However, the use of the toilet does not address the issue of wastewater from other sanitary fixtures (sinks, tubs, sinks, etc.)

The closest technical solution to the claimed invention is a simple device in which waste water from toilets, sinks and tubs pipes come into the pit (septic tank), where biological wastewater treatment method of anaerobic digestion - alone Sewerage system, including tub, toilet, sink, capacity savings, capacity cleavage with a hole for the discharge of treated water into the ground, the top of which has a relief valve of gas and pipelines (Rudolph Randolph. What to do with sewage. 2nd ed. - M.: stroiizdat, 1987, p.34-36). This septic tank allows habitsa effective cleaning even with little care, since the quantity of wastewater generated in the individual building, small compared with the total volume of wastewater settlement.

The disadvantage of this device is the large size of the pit, where the process of digestion is carried out in a natural way in a few months, and the form of the septic tank is rectangular, made of brick. Despite the fact that rectangular septic tank has a simple design, the device leaves a sufficient amount of materials, increase construction costs.

The present invention solves the problem of the so-called “facilities in the yard”, creates the usual hygienic and comfortable facilities toilet rooms city apartment in rural areas. The invention is extremely simplifies the process of collecting, channeling and recycling of domestic wastewater from a daily activity of the person.

Autonomous sewer system (the system) is:

- the simplicity of the design, permitting use of prefabrication and installation on site in a short time with a minimum volume of construction works,

- high reliability, provide low-bandwidth, ease of technical diagrams, instrument, mechanism or apparatus, which is a very small percentage of failure

- simplified technologists who, based on public biochemical processes of the human body, which allows not to disturb the ecological balance of the environment,

- ease of use, as it requires extra effort for maintenance, except for the need for removal of the finished fertilizer

- low cost.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the Autonomous Sewerage system, including tub, toilet, sink, capacity savings, capacity cleavage with a hole for the discharge of treated water into the ground, the top of which has a relief valve of gas, and pipelines, these tanks are designed as metal barrels, within a specified capacity splitting placed the filter system, in the bottom of the vessel along the entire length of the bottom of the drilled these holes. Through the valve manually remove the fertilizer from the tank splitting. The system has a connecting device made in the form of flexible couplings, which are docked to the junction of sewage in the house with construction of the system.

The drawing shows the General scheme of the self-contained sewage systems.

Autonomous Sewerage system contains a bath 1, toilet 2, shower 3, in the form of metal barrels capacity 4 accumulation and capacity 5 splitting with holes 6 for discharge of treated in the water in the ground and installed in the upper part of the valve 7 of the discharge gas, the connecting devices 8, made in the form of flexible couplings, and pipe 9.

Inside the tank 5 posted by cleavage of the filter system 10, and in the bottom of the container 5 along the entire length of the bottom of the drilled hole 6. With the help of the connecting devices 8, made in the form of flexible couplings, junction sewage in the house 11 constructs a system that gives you the opportunity to resolve violations of the integrity of the system throughout the installation with other dynamic parameters (effect of twisting)than the capital structure (house, cottage, farm, barracks and so on). The discharge is made below the level of the Foundation 12 11 houses.

The system works as follows: waste water generated from everyday human activity (metabolic processes in the human body, washing dishes, food, etc), toilet 2, bath 1 and the sink 3 through pipelines 9 merges into the container 4 accumulation where it is divided into different fractions according to specific weights, holding in itself the acid component of urine and heavy organics. In the vessel 4 accumulation gradually formed a solution of the acid, the concentration of which increases.

The solution does not freeze, organics react with acids and burned. Excess water and floating organic material enters the tank 5 splitting, where almost no oxygen bessara is foreseen, destroyed even the most dangerous to humans wire formation of bacteria. Released hydrogen heats the cavity system. Through the filter system 10, made of inert construction materials and placed in the vessel 5 splitting, filtered and disinfected water in drilled holes 6 in the bottom displayed in the ground 13. When the volume of fertilizer to the level of a critical point and is ready to consume the fertilizer is removed manually from the tank 5 splitting through the valve 7 of the discharge gas, pre-scouring gas.

Autonomous Sewerage system, including tub, toilet, sink, capacity savings, capacity cleavage with a hole for the discharge of treated water into the ground, the top of which has a relief valve of gas, and pipelines, characterized in that the said vessel in the form of metal barrels, within a specified capacity splitting placed the filter system, in the bottom of the vessel along the entire length of the bottom of the drilled these holes through the valve manually remove the fertilizer from the tank splitting, the system has a connecting device made in the form of flexible coupling, through which the coupling junction sewer in the house with construction of the system.



 

Same patents:

The invention relates to water

The invention relates to wastewater treatment

Negotialbe // 2237136
The invention relates to a stationary device for collecting and melting snow and ice to be removed from urban areas

The invention relates to a device for separating two immiscible liquids and can be used for wastewater treatment stormwater from oil

The invention relates to the field of cleaning of roads from snow pack and ice and can be used in the urban economy

The invention relates to the construction and, in particular, sanitary-technical equipment for the reception and disposal of wastewater from the floor surface into the sewer system

The invention relates to the field of sanitation, intended for the discharge of atmospheric waters in the areas of distribution of permafrost

The invention relates to the field negotiating systems with receiving bins, namely, valves unloading hatches in the walls of the bins to remove foreign objects falling into the bins with snow and ice mass

Negotialbe // 2226591
The invention relates to the field of construction, urban development, namely, devices for melting snow for winter maintenance of streets and urban areas

The invention relates to the field of maintenance of road surfaces in winter and, in particular, to the utilization of snow and ice masses collected with squares, streets and other urban areas, supplied in powdered form in camera snowmelt

The invention relates to installed in the sewer system inlet air valve, which protects your system water separator (s) and prevents messages sewage system with the surrounding atmosphere, and in the fall it pressure automatically opens and through it into the sewage system enters the air

The invention relates to the field of public utilities and can be used for sanitary hardware locality

The sewerage system // 2225483
The invention relates to the field of public utilities and can be used for sanitary hardware locality

The invention relates to the protection of waters, in particular to the prevention of pollution of water bodies discharged to surface stormwater discharges

The invention relates to the field of road construction and can be used for removal and cleaning runoff of rainwater, snow melt and sprinkling water from the surface of highways, Railways, built-up areas, industrial sites, etc

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used for removal and cleaning runoff of rainwater, snow melt and sprinkling water from road, rail, built-up areas, industrial sites, etc

The invention relates to sanitary engineering and relates to situations where the underground facilities would be forced to use as shelters from air attack for the population of the metropolis

Mines-package // 2182201
The invention relates to the design of struts (attestato) sanitation, hot and cold water complete with intelligence, representing mines pack-attestato full factory readiness, which can be also placed plastic pipes for heating, ventilation, protection, wiring, etc

The invention relates to traps odors drainage devices or urinals

The invention relates to valves that are intended for washing by water jet vacuum sewer system

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

Up!