Method of and device for handling and heat treatment of packets or film packages

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of treatment of packages with thickness smaller than length and width, and with two longer and two shorter side edges. Film packages are orientated so that main passing plane of film packages containing side edges at handling and/or heat treatment forms angle with vertical not less than 60o, and longer edges are directed horizontally. Device for implementing the method contains great number of parallel separating walls arranged one after the other to form receiving pockets for each film package. Between two adjacent receiving pockets two separating walls are arranged in turn at a distance from each other. Width of carrying device corresponds to longest size of film packages to be arranged, and height of carrying device is less than their width.

EFFECT: provision of possibility of manual handling and improved heat treatment of packages.

11 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method for manipulating and thermal processing rectangular or foil packages of less thickness than the length and width, and with two longer and two shorter side edges, as well as to the supporting device store type for manipulating and thermal processing multiple packet or film packs for the implementation of this method,

The term "manipulation" in this invention means any transportation, supply, transfer, sorting, staging, capture, etc.

The invention relates to the field of manufacturing, in particular, is filled with food (for animals) batch or film packaging, with pre-made (bag) batch or plastic, which are also known as "bags", fill in the content and close (seal) in the respective filling and sealing machines and then subjected to sterilization prior to packing of finished products.

To clarify the task of the invention below is a description of the manufacture of, for example, Packed in plastic film packaging food for the animals, for which in accordance with the veterinary regulations necessary to maintain a certain so-called the value of F0that opredelennyuyu must be between 20 and 40. This requires that at any point of the finished product was maintained temperature of at least 121°With, within a certain period of time. It is provided, for example, thanks to a batch of packages in a steam sterilizer with a pressure between 1.5 and 2 bar.

Although relatively flat batch packaging compared to compact types of packages such as canned packaging are already very favorable from the point of view of the penetration of heat and time (as it is known, the rate of penetration of heat increases essentially proportional to the square of the largest dimension of depth to be heated body), you should consider existing up to the present time, the ways in which batch packaging, accordingly, bags have next to each other on made in the form of trays metal sheets and multiple sheets have a stack one above the other, yet both have disadvantages from the point of view of heat transfer in the sterilizer, and from the point of view of manipulation.

This is due, on the one hand, the fact that the contact of the sterilizing steam lying on made in the form of trays metal sheets, film packaging is not optimal (perforated sheets can be used only partially, as irony the pattern is transferred onto a relatively soft at the temperature sterilization packaging materials such as film), and on the other hand, the fact that performed mostly manually laying film packages on trays denotes an interruption in the rest of the essentially automated the running of the manufacturing process.

Therefore, the basis for this invention is the task of creating a superior method, respectively, of a device for manipulating and heat treatment of film packaging, which is solved as a problem of partially manual manipulation of film packages, and improves thermal treatment, thereby reducing the cost of sterilization and processing of flexible film or a batch of packages.

The problem is solved by a method for manipulating and rectangular heat treatment batch or foil packages with a thickness smaller than the length and width, with two longer and two shorter side edges, and a plastic guide so that containing the side edges of the main plane of passage of the film packs in the manipulation and/or heat treatment forms an angle less than 60 with the vertical, and the longer edges are directed essentially horizontally.

It is preferable that the angle is less than 30. Moreover, preferably provided that the angle is 0, i.e. that captured cnie packaging are in a vertical position supported on the longer side edges.

When tilted position can be provided that the film packaging are cascaded with partial overlap each other.

The task is also solved by means of a bearing device for manipulating and thermal treatment of many film packaging, which is suitable for performing the method according to the invention, with a number of adjacent, essentially parallel to each other dividing walls for the education of foster pockets for each film to the package and between the two adjacent receiving pockets are arranged alternately two dividing walls at a distance from each other, and the width of the bearing device essentially corresponds to the longest size subject to placement of film packages, and the height of the support device is less than their width.

It is advisable that the width of partition walls essentially corresponds to the largest size to be placing film packages.

It may be provided that the height of the partition walls is less than the length of the shorter side edges subject to placement of film packages.

It is preferable that a distance from each other forming one receiving pocket dividing walls essentially corresponds to the thickness to be placing pleno who's packages.

In a preferred embodiment of forming the receiving pockets of the separation wall are slightly V-shaped with an angle more than 0°.

It is preferable that the separation wall is flexibly held in an elongated main body, so that it is possible to extend foster pockets with increasing angle.

The bottom of the receiving pockets is preferably V-shaped.

The support device is expediently made with the possibility of stacking.

Preferably provides that the support device is arranged to be stacked so that the receiving pockets one host device partially arranged in the intermediate spaces between the receiving pockets located adjacent the carrier device.

Other advantages and features of the invention follow from the following description of a preferred variant implementation of the invention with reference to the drawing, which shows a part of a bearing device according to the invention, for manipulating film packages.

In the drawing the side view shows the structure indicated as a whole by the number 1 bearing device for manipulating many film packages. On an oblong casing 2, which may consist of a suitable profile, is inserted is entrusted to each other many a rectangular partition walls 3, so between them are formed corresponding receiving pockets 4, the distance between the generators and each receiving pocket dividing walls is selected so that it can accommodate the corresponding film package 5. Every two forming a receiving pocket 4 of the dividing wall 3 is set up, i.e. opposite the main body 2 direction, slightly V-shaped to facilitate insertion, respectively, the introduction of top film package 5 into the receiving pocket. In addition, a dividing wall 3, for example, by the point of attachment of its lower edge on the main body 2 is held on it is slightly flexible, so that it is possible to extend the opening angle of the dividing walls, if they are touched by a corresponding force. It may be preferable during the process of heating or sterilization, because the content of the film package when heated to about 120 C is expanded to approximately 4%.

As also shown in the drawing, the receiving pockets 4 in the zone of the main body 2, i.e., dividing walls 3, equipped with a V-shaped bottom 7, which are its longer edges of the film package 5 in essentially a horizontal position of the main body 2, respectively, the host device 1.

By the arrangement according to the invention, the film packs Shire is on the host device, perpendicular to the image plane figure 1 essentially corresponds to the longest size subject to placement of film packages, while the height b of the bearing device, which is equal to the sum of the height of the main body 2 and the height of the separation walls 3, less than the length of the shorter side edges of the film packs of 5, so they acted from receiving pockets 4 upwards, as shown in the drawing.

The size to which the film package 5 protrude above the upper edge of partition walls 3, depends among other things on how film packaging, in particular, under the influence of heat (softening of the film material) are stable, and it is necessary to select great, in order to favorably influence the processes of heat transfer and to save material in the host device.

The method according to the invention may be carried out as follows: first, fill and close pre-manufactured plastic and placed in the bearing device 1 according to the invention. A large number of support units collected on pallets in block modules, sterile after sterilization again unloaded from the pallets and dried. Finally, remove the plastic from the carrying device 1 and is collected in the ready to ship, which is public, ready for sale packing blocks 20. It is necessary only once to put a plastic support device and once again to extract that can be performed without manual operation and greatly facilitate the manipulation.

Manipulation, according to the invention, film packaging, located on its longer side edges, vertically or inclined, provides many advantages over flat-lying or standing on the shorter side edge location.

First, on the basis of the carrying device according to the invention, respectively, stores or magazines because of constant, predetermined distance between the two film packs may automated manipulation. This automated manipulation even more accelerated by location, according to the invention, on the longer side edges, because when loading, respectively, while removing the need to take a shorter route compared to the so-called standing position. In addition, optimized distribution of thickness in the film packing of the product from the point of view of heat penetration. In this sense there is a problem, which consists in the fact that, in particular, at elevated temperatures (sterilization) plenos the first packaging material is softened and products become the property of the fluid, that is, they tend to take place in the lower zone of the film of the package upon expansion of the latter. This tendency to expand significantly increases with the height of the film packing (static pressure of the contents). It is very adversely affects the optimal, i.e. requiring the shortest time heating and/or sterilization of film packages, for which, in particular for animal feed, it is necessary to hold a value of F0as necessary to achieve a certain temperature time under the same other conditions increases proportionally to the square of the maximum size, depth, respectively, the thickness of the product. Based on the location in the processing, according to the invention, these problems are maximally removed.

Disclosed in the foregoing description, the drawing and in the claims, the features of the invention can be essential both individually and in any combination for implementing the invention in all its variants perform.

1. Method for manipulating and rectangular heat treatment batch or foil packages of less thickness than the length and width, and with two longer and two shorter side edges, wherein the film packing (5) are oriented so that the containing side is romky main plane passing through the film packs in the manipulation and/or heat treatment forms an angle of less than 60° with the vertical, and the longer edges are directed essentially horizontally.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle is less than 30°.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle is 0°.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the film packaging are cascaded with partial overlap each other.

5. Support device store type for manipulating many film packages to perform the method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, containing the set of adjacent, essentially parallel to each other dividing walls (3) to foster education of pockets (4) for each film packing (5), in this case between two adjacent receiving pockets (4) are alternately two dividing wall (3) at a distance from each other, characterized in that the width of the bearing device (1)essentially corresponds to the longest size to be placing film packs (5 and that the height of the support device is less than their width.

6. Support device according to claim 5, characterized in that the distance (a) from each other forming one receiving pocket (4) of partition walls (3)essentially corresponds to the thickness subject to placement of film packages.

7. Support device according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that forming the receiving pockets will share the global wall are slightly V-shaped with an angle more than 0° .

8. Bearing device according to any one of pp.5-7, characterized in that the separating wall is flexibly held to the main body (2), so that it is possible to extend foster pockets with increasing angle.

9. Bearing device according to any one of pp.5-8, characterized in that the bottom of the receiving pockets are made V-shaped.

10. Bearing device according to any one of pp.5-9, characterized in that the support device is made with the possibility of stacking.

11. Support device according to claim 10, characterized in that the support device is arranged to be stacked so that the receiving pockets one host device partially arranged in the intermediate spaces between the receiving pockets located adjacent the carrier device.



 

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FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of treatment of packages with thickness smaller than length and width, and with two longer and two shorter side edges. Film packages are orientated so that main passing plane of film packages containing side edges at handling and/or heat treatment forms angle with vertical not less than 60o, and longer edges are directed horizontally. Device for implementing the method contains great number of parallel separating walls arranged one after the other to form receiving pockets for each film package. Between two adjacent receiving pockets two separating walls are arranged in turn at a distance from each other. Width of carrying device corresponds to longest size of film packages to be arranged, and height of carrying device is less than their width.

EFFECT: provision of possibility of manual handling and improved heat treatment of packages.

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FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, thermal processing of food products.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has upright casing with corrugated bottom, dividing and circulation partitions located within casing so as to define ascending and descending channels, inclined perforated guides fixed on upper ends of circulation partitions and above dividing partitions, charging and discharge devices. Heaters are positioned at corrugation sides defining bottom of ascending channels. Circulation partitions are made hollow and are connected with their upper ends to gas supercharger, which is positioned above liquid surface. Gate is positioned within discharge device for adjusting liquid flow rate.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for effective thermal processing of food products in metal hermetic cans.

1 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes processing of apples packaged in jars. Hot air at temperature 140-150°C is alternately supplied through one half area of jar neck section within 5-6 minutes every 15-20 seconds. Used air is exhausted through other half. Then the processed apples are filled in with syrup, sealed and sterilised in autoclave.

EFFECT: reduction of thermal sterilisation of conservations.

FIELD: food-processing industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes heating seamed cans with the packed product in airflow at 170C and cooling it airflow with finely dispersed moisture at air flow rate of 4 to 6 m/s, the cans being revolved about a longitudinal axis.

EFFECT: reduced processing time, higher quality of finished product.

5 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technologies of canned compotes manufacturing. The method provides for preparing the ingredients, cutting and drying in a microwave field at preset process parametres, roasting and milling yacon, roasting barley malt, mixing the yacon and barley malt in the mass ratio 7:3, extracting the obtained mixture by drinking water at preset process parametres, filtering the obtained extract, preparing a syrup out of the extract, packing the cherry-plums and the syrup, sealing and sterilising.

EFFECT: production of compote with a coffee flavour and taste without actual coffee content in the recipe and simplified technology.

1 tbl

FIELD: foodstuffs preservation.

SUBSTANCE: in compliance with proposed method, foodstuffs kept inside container in humid state, said container being furnished with exhaust vent holes and said foodstuffs being microwave-heated for a limited time interval. Heating is performed unless live steam is formed inside the container, which is discharged via aforesaid exhaust vent hole. Then to partially compensate pressure drop inside the container, gas is injected therein after heating. Note here that gas is injected with the help of cannula that serves to puncture of the container walls.

EFFECT: long-term storage of foodstuffs in humid state.

28 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: jars with compote, after lid sealing, are installed into carrier providing for mechanical tightness, and are heated in flow of hot air by temperature of 130C for 25-26 minutes. Cooled at first in flow of atmospheric air by temperature of 20-25C for 8 minutes, and then - in flow of atmospheric air with alternating application of water film onto jar surface at the temperature of 65-70C for 7 minutes. At the same time jars in process of thermal treatment are rotated from bottom to lid with frequency of 0.166 s-1.

EFFECT: invention provides for reduction of process duration and improved quality of finished product.

1 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to packaging and thermal treatment of a food product in a packaging container (30) made of paper or cardboard. The packaging container (30) is first filled (wholly or partially) with foam containing a non-oxidising gas such as nitrogen; then the packaging container (30), filled wholly or partially, is filled with the corresponding food product. Whenever necessary, after filling the packaging container (30) is additionally filled with foam to guarantee that the free space over the product in the packaging container (30) is wholly filled with foam when the packaging container (30) is closed and heat-sealed. Then the sealed packaging container (30) filled with the food product and foam undergoes thermal treatment at a temperature no less than 115C.

EFFECT: according top the invention concept, the method allows both solid and semi-solid fruit products together with a liquid food product to be packaged into a packaging container made of paper or cardboard and to undergo thermal treatment for storage life extension without the risk of the gas-containing medium inside the package being preserved integral during the whole of the product storage life.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to preservation industry and may be used for production of compote in a tin container. The method involves preliminary heating of sweet cherry fruits in tins with 60C hot water with subsequent replacement of the water with 80-85C syrup. Then the compote is heated in 90 and 100C water for 5 and 20 minutes respectively. Then the tins are cooled down in an air flow at a rate of 5-6 m/sec for 15 minutes. One proceeds with continuation of cooling in an air flow with alternate application of a water film on the tin surface for 5 minutes. During the whole process of heat treatment the tin is turned upside down with a frequency equal to 0.33 s-1.

EFFECT: method ensures the process duration reduction, saving heating energy and the end product quality enhancement.

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. The method involves preliminary heating of fruits in jars with 80C hot water. Then the water is replaced with 95C syrup. Then one performs two-stage heating of tangerine compote in 80 and 100C water for 3 and 12-18 minutes respectively. Then one performs cooling in an atmospheric air flow at a rate of 2-3 m/s during 6 minutes with continuation of cooling in an air flow at a rate of 5-6 m/s with application of a 65-70C water film on the jar surface during 8 minutes. During the whole process of heat treatment the jar is turned upside down with a frequency equal to 0.1 s-1.

EFFECT: invention allows to enhance quality of the ready products and reduce the process duration combined with simultaneous saving of thermal energy and water.

1 ex

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of treatment of packages with thickness smaller than length and width, and with two longer and two shorter side edges. Film packages are orientated so that main passing plane of film packages containing side edges at handling and/or heat treatment forms angle with vertical not less than 60o, and longer edges are directed horizontally. Device for implementing the method contains great number of parallel separating walls arranged one after the other to form receiving pockets for each film package. Between two adjacent receiving pockets two separating walls are arranged in turn at a distance from each other. Width of carrying device corresponds to longest size of film packages to be arranged, and height of carrying device is less than their width.

EFFECT: provision of possibility of manual handling and improved heat treatment of packages.

11 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: pharmaceutical industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method sterilizable package deformable at compression designed for pharmaceutical product is made of multilayer foil tube including one or several layers of polypropylene and one or several layers of aluminum, and polypropylene bottle provided with cap. Bottle and cap differ in modulus of elastically. For sterilization, closed package is placed in autoclave, and temperature and pressure in autoclave are regulated as a function of time creating required pressure regulated by electronic devices controlled by computer. Pressure in autoclave is chosen to prevent deformation and breakage of package. Package, after treatment in autoclave at temperature equal to 120°C for at least 20 min, has no folds or breaks, and its compressibility remains sufficient for dispensing the product.

EFFECT: provision of package which can be sterilized in autoclave after filling.

10 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: processes for cleaning and disinfecting vacuum ducts of thermal welding tools.

SUBSTANCE: method is designed for cleaning and disinfecting circuit of vacuum ducts of upper thermal welding tool 1 and lower thermal welding tool 2 of thermal welding section. In order to provide such circuit, evacuating pump 3 is turned off and connection pipeline extending from it to thermal welding section is closed in point 10 by means of sealing plug or dead flange. Vacuum ducts of upper thermal welding tool 1 are connected fluid-tightly by means of adapter 13 with vacuum ducts of lower thermal welding tool 2. Then system through respective pipelines connected to flanges 11, 12 is connected with pump 14 and with reservoir 15 filled with liquid for cleaning and disinfecting in order to form closed liquid circulation circuit. Pump 14 feeds liquid for cleaning and disinfecting containing active chlorine into vacuum ducts of upper thermal welding tool 1.

EFFECT: significantly increased period for storing pack sealed in packaging machine where vacuum ducts of thermal welding section are cleaned and disinfected according to invention.

11 cl, 3 dwg

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