Securities cutting method

FIELD: cutting of sheets of securities.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for cutting securities in piles. Pile of sheets is fed under cutter and first free strip is cut. Then pile is turned and fed under cutter which cuts second strip after which pile is turned again and is directed to cutter for cutting third strip. This done, piles of strips of securities following each other are cut into separate securities.

EFFECT: reduced time taken for cutting securities.

8 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method of cutting laid at the feet of sheets of securities on individual securities, as well as to a machine for applying this method.

Such methods and devices are already known from the prior art. Securities, in particular banknote printed on the sheets, each containing a certain number of these prints individual securities, which are arranged in a matrix, i.e. rows and columns, and the total number of prints per sheet depends of course on the size and value of each impression. Further, between each edge of the sheet and prints in each outer row or each external column should remain free strip so that leaves you to capture clips for transportation in printing machines and printing the actual securities to retain the rollers. These strips provide free next set numbering of the reference marks on each sheet, you can use them to ensure compliance with registration sheets, when successive printing process must be continuously overlap each other or continuously follow each other. It's keeping the register is also important in the case if you use several different methods of printing, and the sheet passes successively through several machines.

After printing individual securities sheets of the criminal code of adivay in feet, each foot contains a certain number of sheets, for example 100. Foot sheets serves then to the car, cutting them on the feet of certain securities, which can then be sorted for scrapping prints or Packed in bundles. In the cutting process, the cut, therefore, free strip themselves securities.

There are several ways of cutting laid at the feet of the securities at the foot of the individual securities. For example, in DE 19515705 discovered such a way that first a certain knife cut loose stripes, and then the other two knives cut in individual securities in two mutually perpendicular directions. In this case, therefore, first cut the available bandwidth, then the individual securities.

This method and machine for its application, however, have several drawbacks. For example, for cutting of securities you must use at least three different knife. In addition, you need at least three foot turn sheets in order to cut four available lanes sheets, increasing the duration of this operation.

Another way of cutting on the corresponding device is described in US 4283902. According to this method, first, two parallel blades cut both longitudinal stripes in the direction of stop leaf is, then the sheets are cut perpendicular to the direction of movement of the foot strips, after which the securities after the placement of the wrappers cut into individual securities. It requires, therefore, four different knife to get from the stop sheets the feet of the securities.

In DE 29517466 discovered another way of cutting that before cutting ribbons securities includes four successive stages of cutting. After the first cutting is required turns on 90°, then 180° and again at 90°.

The aim of the present invention is to improve known methods of cutting and necessary machines, in particular, by reducing the number of required processing operations laid at the foot of the sheet securities in the foot of certain securities.

The invention proposes, in particular, the method by which you can reduce the time spent on cutting stop securities from laid at the feet of sheets of securities and at the same time to use a smaller knife for this operation.

The method according to the invention is characterized by signs claim 1 of the formula.

Dependent claim 2 of 5 describe a special form of execution of the method.

In independent claim 6 is characterized by a machine for implementing the method according to claims 1-5.

Dependent claim 2 of 5 describe a special form of execution of the machine according to the invention.

The invention must be the Delano clearer by describing one of its forms of implementation and the respective drawings, which represent:

figure 1 - flowchart of the method of cutting the stop leaves;

figure 2 - schematic top view of a machine for implementing the method according to the invention;

figure 3 - schematic side view of the machine of figure 2.

You should first describe how cutting with reference to figure 1. In the first step of the method according to the invention the foot of the sheet is directed under the first knife of the machine and there are cut first free lane foot sheets. This free strip lies between the edge laid at the feet of leaves and rows, i.e. rows or columns, sheets securities. Free strip forms a free space, which provides, in particular, capture the individual sheets clips without damage to the prints. On the first operation cut this first free line“cutting 1” in figure 1), namely perpendicular to the direction of movement of the foot plates. After the first cutting of the sheets by means of a suitable transport device is moved back on the rotary plate, which is in itself known from the prior art, and foot sheets turn on the rotary plate by 180°. Foot sheets then again directed at the first knife and parallel to the above-mentioned first free band perform a second cutting operation of the second free strip (“cutting 2” in figure 1). After that, the second cutting process, the stack of sheets again move back to borotou plate and turn another 90° . Stack of sheets is then again directed at the first knife and perpendicular to both the first bands that have already been cut, perform a third operation of cutting the third free strip (“cutting 3” in figure 1). Not turning on foot sheets, now laid in a foot sheets of securities can be cut first with a knife on the serial parallel foot lanes, with each foot each time advancing bandwidth. This cutting operation on successive strips is depicted in figure 1 always block “cutting 3”because it is carried out first with a knife after cutting the third free strip.

Each of these stop bands gather in prosobonia. From prosobonia strip then move on and cut the second knife at the foot of certain securities (“cutting 4” in figure 1). Sequential foot individual securities are removed from the machine and subjected to a known final processing, such as calculation of securities placement parcels or education in the store packs of 1000 securities with sequential numbering.

Cutting machine 1 for implementing the method according to the invention is schematically described with reference to figure 2 and 3. Foot 2 sheets of prints securities manually or automatically loaded into the cutting machine 1. Laid in the foot with imprints of leaves contain spaced rows, the columns prints as well as four free lanes 3, 4, 5, 6 between the edge of the sheet and rows or columns. Using the filing system with clamps 7, 8 stop 2 sheets sent under the first knife 9 for the first cutting process, namely cutting free strip 3 between the front edge of the foot 2 in the direction of motion and the first parallel to the first knife 9 number of prints securities. Supply system with clamps is known by the system, which is made, for example, by clamps 7 circuit 8 or the corresponding guide rail system for accurate advancement of the foot 2 sheets. Then include the first knife 9, which cuts the first free lane 3 feet 2 sheets in the vertical direction. System with clamps 7, 8 moves the stop 2 sheets on the rotary table 10 ago. This turntable 10 is made in a classic design in the form of a rotary plate driven by the motor 11 through the axis 12, is schematically shown in figure 3. Adjusting the position of the engine 11 is through a suitable electrical or electronic control device. The rotary plate 10 after installation of the foot 2 of the sheets in the correct position on the plate makes the first 180°so that the edge of the foot 2 of the sheets, which is now on the side of the first knife 9, the opposite edge of the cut in the first cutting process. Then stop 2 sheets via pod is a corresponding mechanism 13, which passes by the foot 2 and in which abuts cut the first edge of the foot 2, again directed at the first knife 9. First knife 9 is lowered, and he cuts the second free strip 4 feet 2 during the second cutting process. After this second process of cutting a 2 foot sheets through the system with clamps 7, 8 move again back on the rotary plate 10, which at this time does the second turn 90°. Using the feeding mechanism 13 which abuts held in by clips 7 side, stop 2 sheets again directed at the first knife 9. After the two available lanes 3, 4 both perpendicular to the first knife edges 9 foot 2 already cut in the first cutting operations, now during the third cutting operation cut the third free lane 5, and then without further rotation of the foot 2 sheets following one after another 14 foot lanes securities, as schematically shown in figure 2.

Each cut foot 14 bands securities grab the second system 15 clips and transported in the device of reconciliation, where all the bands securities verify. This device alignment consists mainly of several stops moving 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, then the foot 14 of the strips collected in prosobonia 28.

As soon as the collector 28 will contain a predefined number of bands, such as all of the band od the second foot sheets, each foot 14 of the strips removed from the collector 28, for example, by moving the bottom of the collector 28 by a suitable mechanical or pneumatic device, schematically shown in figure 3 31, and by means of an appropriate system of movement, in this case two adjacent pushers 23, 24, transported under a second knife 22, mounted perpendicular to the first knife 9. This second knife 22 cuts then stops 14 bands on the feet of certain securities 25, which after cutting can be captured by the clamps 26 and removed from the machine 1 of the third pusher 27. These stocked foot 25 can be submitted to other machines for further processing, known from conventional techniques, such as calculating securities, the supply of parcels or packages.

Thus, the machine 1 can operate with two knives 9, 22 at the same time, i.e. while the foot strips one foot sheets cut by the knife 22 at the foot of the individual securities, the following stack of sheets already cut by the knife 9 foot lanes.

Usually a pre-determined number of the stop 25 individual securities bind in a bundle of securities of a series with a serial numbering, for example, 1000 securities. In the example in figure 1, initially, on the basis of the location of the prints rows and columns (10 rows and 5 columns), requires a stop of 20 whether the comrade with the in order to get a pack of 1000 individual securities.

The numbering system for individual securities known, while lying in a single row and column of the securities on each sheet supply sequence numbering and sequence numbering continues in nearby footsteps of securities, so cut the second knife 22 sequence stop individual securities provide sequential numbering. If these sequential foot stack on each other, you get a pack with a sequential numbering of individual securities, such as certain series of 1000 pieces.

Then, coming into this machine leaves should preferably be free from defects, i.e. it is not necessary to check every individual securities after its packaging and obanderolivaniya. Sort of leaves occurs, therefore, in principle, before entering laid at the feet of the sheets in the machine, so that individual securities without defects and with sequence numbering can be tied in bundles.

Mostly strip of securities under direct first knife 9 perpendicular to the direction of movement of the stop plates. Thus, cutting of the stop bands at the feet of the individual securities you need only a second knife mounted perpendicular to the direction of movement of the strips of the securities.

Turning tarel is and can be installed before or after the first knife 9 in the direction of movement of the sheets. If laid in a foot sheets come in machine 1 sequentially, the rotary plate must be installed primarily to the first knife 9, so that cutting free bands new foot sheets could start already when processed or cut on foot securities foot strips securities previous foot sheets.

1. The way of cutting the stop (2) sheets, in particular, laid at the feet of sheets of securities, individual securities, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: stop (2) sheets transported to the first free cutting strip (3) feet of leaves under the first knife (9), cut the first strip (3), stop (2) sheets move, she takes the first turn at 180°and guide for cutting the second free strip (4) again under the knife (9), cut the second band (4), stop (2) move, she makes a second turn at 90°and guide for cutting the third free strip (5) again under the knife (9), cut a third strip (5) and the following one behind the other foot (14) bands of securities, and the following one behind the other foot (14) of securities is cut by the second blade (22) for certain securities.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the cutting stop (2) sheets are perpendicular to the direction of movement of the stop (2) sheets.

3. The method according to any of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the foot (2) the sheet is transported in to rotate against the direction of their movement.

4. Machine for implementing the method stop cutting sheets in one of claims 1 to 3, containing means (7, 8) for transportation stop (2) sheets and means for cutting (9, 22) stop (2) sheets at the foot of the individual securities (25), and means for cutting consist of a first knife (9) for cutting at least one first, one second and one third strips (3, 4, 5) stop (2) sheets and cutting stop (2) sheets on feet (14) bands of securities, and from the second knife (22) for cutting the stop (14) bands of securities on the feet of certain securities (25), this machine has a rotary table (10) to rotate the stop (2) sheets, which after cutting the first strip (3) make the first 180°and after cutting the second strip (4) initiating a second rotate 90°.

5. Machine according to claim 4, characterized in that the rotary table consists of a swivel plate (10), motor-driven (11).

6. Machine according to claim 5, characterized in that the turntable (10) installed in the machine (1) before the first knife (9) in the direction of movement of the stop (2) sheets.

7. Machine according to claim 6, characterized in that the blades (9, 22) are mutually perpendicular.

8. Machine according to claim 7, characterized in that the successive stops of individual securities (25) stapeliads in bundles (28).



 

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