Block for building of hothouses and greenhouses

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

Famous film greenhouse for growing crops, the coating of which consists of a single layer film stretched over the frame of the greenhouse (Seedling film greenhouses. Magazine “Potatoes and vegetables”, 1970, No. 9).

These greenhouses have low thermal insulation and strength properties.

In another known device (A.S. Su 957793, 15.09.1982,) between two layers of polymer films with equal increments of parallel stitches alternately to the top and bottom welded on the third film, along with welded seams longitudinal sections.

This insulating coating although it has a superior heat properties has a complicated structure and heavy weight.

The closest analogue to the proposed device is the invention of Su 1762803, 23.09.1992, but this device also has a complex device is not adaptable to production, not easy to use (operation).

The claimed invention is directed to solving the following technical tasks:

- increase the insulating properties of coatings of greenhouses and polytunnels,

- ensuring the strength and durability of coatings greenhouses

- getting frameless easily mounted and responderemos construction of greenhouses,

- the use for the manufacture of greenhouse units discarded material,

- simplification of the design and the manufacture of the ing blocks of greenhouses

- reducing the cost of manufacture of greenhouses and polytunnels.

These technical results are achieved by the fact that in contrast to analogues (Su 1762803 A1, 23.09.1992 g) heat the floor of the greenhouse is made in the form of blocks of transparent cylindrical cups, obtained by cutting the neck from used plastic bottles so that the cups are inserted sequentially into one another, form a cylindrical column to the desired height, and columns of cups tightly to each other set in a frame having top and bottom of the plate with the shoulder and on both sides of the bounding plates, one of which is movable and side straps connected to the fixed plate.

To join another unit on the corners of the block on both sides posted by rectangular plates of angular material, such as steel, plastics, aluminum, attached some shelves to the frame, and second shelves are made of holes.

This execution units simplifies the construction of greenhouses and hotbeds of various shapes and sizes.

Due to the inability reuse in large cities discarded annually tens of thousands of clean undeformed bottles at the dump and burned. Meanwhile, this wonderful, clear, light transparent material, with ranaudo its properties when exposed to water, acids, corrosion resistant, decay, rot, should find a place in the construction of facilities for long-term use.

The drawing shows a block for the construction of greenhouses and polytunnels, enclosed in a frame and a device for attachment to another similar frame. The unit is composed of a transparent cylindrical cups 1 obtained by cutting the neck from used plastic bottles. Cups 1 inserted sequentially into one another, form a cylindrical column 2 to the desired height. The last final of the Cup is inserted in column 2 bottom out. This telescopic connection method allows you to align the height of the adjacent bars 2.

Columns 2 cups 1 tightly to each other set in a frame having top and bottom plates 3 and 4 with the shoulder and on both sides of the bounding plates 5 and 6, one of which is movable and side tie-rods 7 connected to the fixed plate.

Screed 7 is also required to hold the bars 2 in the plane of the frame block.

To join another similar frame on the corners of the block on both sides placed rectangular pads 8 of angular material, such as steel, plastics, aluminum, attached some shelves to the frame, and second shelves are holes 9.

Dignity offers the suggested devices:

- unlike other known devices the unit is assembled from junk material at hand,

- technology manufacturing unit is very simple and does not require special equipment and highly skilled manufacturing,

for thermal insulating properties of the unit from the elements of plastic bottles outperforms widely used in farms greenhouse cover,

- frameless greenhouse collected from blocks, can be transferred from one place to another.

1. Block for the construction of greenhouses and polytunnels containing a transparent plastic element, enclosed in a frame, and a device for attachment to another similar frame, characterized in that the block is composed of a transparent cylindrical cups, obtained by cutting the neck from used plastic bottles so that the cups are inserted sequentially into one another, form a cylindrical column to the desired height, and columns of cups tightly to each other set in a frame having top and bottom of the plate with the shoulder and on both sides of the bounding plates, one of which is movable and side straps connected to the fixed plate.

2. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the corners of the block on both sides posted by rectangular plates of angular material, such as steel, plastics,aluminum, attached some shelves to the frame, and second shelves are made of holes.



 

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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