The invention is intended for use in refrigeration products. The refrigerator includes a heat insulating body with at least one refrigerating chamber. Inside it there is at least one reception regiment with a closed surface. Under it there is a pull-out capacity for the products. Capacity stands at the entrance side of the receiving shelf. The protruding portion is closed by a cover made of transparent material. The cover is fixed on the axis. In the closed position, the cover and the reception of the regiment are continuous covering surface. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.
The invention relates to a refrigerator with at least one located inside it is equipped with a door insulating housing of the refrigerating chamber, inside of which there is at least one having a substantially closed surface reception shelf products, under which there is at least one made in the form of a drawer capacity to bookmark storage of products containing moisture, such as fruits, vegetables, or etc.
The refrigerator according to characteristics of the restrictive part II of the bottom of the refrigerating chamber set made the type of a drawer capacity in the form of so-called bowls for vegetables for receiving the stored product, containing moisture. These bowls for vegetables are under having a loop surface of the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, which, for example, in order to achieve a certain circulation of cold air in the inner space of the bowl with fruit, is located at a distance above the edges of the bowl, forming an air gap, or have blocked access openings of the air. For taking placed in the bowl for vegetables stored product must be withdrawn from the refrigerating chamber to education under the receiving shelf for refrigerated products sufficient access to the bowl with the vegetables. It is not only inconvenient, but also with a pressure-sensitive persistent product, such as fruit, because often performed jerk extension box of vegetables leads to unpleasant dents on stored product. In addition, the bowls with vegetables, often with only a small depth because provided in the rear space of the refrigerator niches for the compressor, due to the associated lack of side rails properties, is difficult to manipulate during use.
The basis of the invention lies task is to improve the capacity for a refrigerator according restrictive frequent ashenai to the door part stands for the entrance side of the receiving shelf for refrigerated products and is equipped with a closing at least the protruding portion of the hole capacitance, the output from its closing position by the cover.
Thanks to the solution according to the invention allows to load and unload serves as a bowl for fruit, made in the form of a drawer capacity, without moving it from its static position. Moreover, the cover can be used for storage of refrigerated products, especially if the container or containers in the receiving shelf for refrigerated products temporarily should not be used to load products, so that the receiving surface of the shelf inside the refrigerator compartment does not become narrower. In addition, due to the geometry of the vessel is often inconvenient manipulation when running from the cooling chamber is necessary only if you want to put large format cooled product, such as lettuce or etc.
According to a preferred variant implementation of the subject invention provides that the cover is made of transparent material.
Due to this, when made of an opaque material capacity for user fridge very simply creates the opportunity to see stored in the tank sod is idemix products made of opaque material, not limited to a significant degree the opportunity to look inside the tank. Similarly, through the transparent cover of the internal space of the vessel is conveniently near the top.
According to another preferred variant of execution of the subject invention provides that the cover can swing from its closing position to the loading position around an axis of rotation that is located at least approximately parallel to the receiving shelf for refrigerated products.
Designed so the lid can precisely and smoothly running to move by using the tools manufactured in a particularly simple technology.
According to the following preferred variant implementation of the subject invention, it is provided that the axis of rotation mounted on the entrance end of the hall shelf for refrigerated products.
Due to this reception shelf for refrigerated products and cover form a block that is to be treated as in the manufacturing process of the refrigerator, and use.
Especially precisely set the position of the opening for loading capacity, if, according to the following preferred variant implementation of the subject invention provides that the cover is supervised, the cover is made with the possibility of lowering under the receiving shelf with loading capacity.
With these actions, the boot receiving surface of the shelf for refrigerated products freely accessible when the cover is opened for loading and unloading containers.
According to the following preferred variant implementation of the subject invention, provided that the cover has a depth equal to half or one third of the depth of shelves for receiving the cooled products, and at least mostly runs along its width.
Thanks to this performance cover possible unimpeded loading and unloading of the tank at a sufficient magnitude receiving shelf for refrigerated products.
Especially easy storage temperature in the inner space of the vessel to align with its product, if according to a further preferred variant of execution of the subject invention provides that the front Desk shelf for refrigerated products at its opposite door side has an adjustable valve for regulating the possible penetration into the container of cold air.
Especially good foreseeable internal space capacity is the subject of the invention, provided that the container is made of transparent material.
The invention is illustrated in the following description in more detail on the basis of a simplified illustration in the drawings of the example execution.
Fig.1 - household refrigerator with the door open, located under the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, made in the form of a drawer capacity, hole capacity which at its entrance area can be closed with a lid located with the possibility of pivoting the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, in the spatial image, front view.
Fig.2 - household refrigerator in an enlarged cutout of the area under the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, made in the form of a drawer capacity, in the spatial image, front view.
According Fig.1, shown is made in the form of a table Assembly of a household refrigerator 10, provided with a door 11 of the insulating housing 12 which together with the closed door 11 surrounds the refrigerating chamber 13. She trimmed interior lining 14, which is obtained by forming a plastic plate and at its side walls 15 provided with spaced one above the other at approximately equal distance is OK 17 and 18 for refrigerated products, with the parallel side walls 15 of the side sections rely on the support rail 16. From foster shelves 17 and 18 for cooled products adoptive shelves 17 for cooled products made, for example, of the prisoners in carrying a plastic frame glass plate working surface which comes to the area close to the entrance opening of the refrigerating chamber 13. In contrast, the depth of the working surface of foster shelves 18 located under the receiving shelves 17 for refrigerated products, reduced to 2/3 the depth of the work surface foster shelves 17 for refrigerated products. Reception shelf 18 for refrigerated products at its opposite door 11 rear side provided with oval holes 19 for the transmission of air spaced from each other, the longer sides of the oval which runs parallel to the side plots receiving shelves 18 for refrigerated products. To change the cross-sectional vozduhonosnykh holes 19 directly above them provided located in the receiving shelf 18 for cooled products can travel control valve 20, is equipped vozduhopropuskayuschy holes 21, which soutwest other intermediate crosspieces 22, the corresponding surface vozduhonosnykh holes 19. Further, the control valve 20 has a controller 22.1, c through which it can move in the direction of the arrow, and in both extreme positions of either vozduhoplotskii hole 19 is covered with an intermediate jumpers or vozduhoplotskii holes 21 released.
At its opposite adjustable flap 20 longitudinal side reception shelf 18 for refrigerated products, due to the lengthening of their lateral areas, is on the ledge, facing each other, the inner sides of which are provided are not shown in more detail reference hole. They may include, relying, for the formation of the axis of rotation 25 of the supporting pins belonging to the transparent cover 24, not shown in detail, the supporting axle 27 is provided in the recess 26 at its side edges and located on a line extending addressed to the receiving shelf for refrigerated products the longitudinal side of the cover 24. It is with the possibility of pivoting about its axis 25 of rotation in the direction of the arrow in position I, in which its free edge lies above the receiving shelf 18 for cooled products, and its tilt angle longitudinal side of the receiving shelf 18 for products. The cover serves to cover the hole 29 is made in the form of a drawer transparent tank 28, which is due to a reduction in the depth of the receiving shelf 18 for refrigerated products to 2/3 the depth of the receiving shelf 17 for cooled products forms a protruding portion are relatively door-side longitudinal edges of the admissions shelf 18 for refrigerated products, which allows the user to load and unload the container 28 to be cooled product, not pulling capacity of the refrigerating chamber 13. The hole 29 of the tank 28 is made along the edge 30 with a thickening in the form of a roller, which is in the horizontal cover 24, which is in a stationary position II, and together with the receiving shelf 18 for refrigerated products, forming a solid work surface is located at a distance from it. This distance creates an air gap 31 between the edge 30 of the hole and in a closed state of the cover 24, through which the cold air coming through vozduhoplotskii holes 19 into the container 28 may again in a jiffy. The cover 24 in its horizontal closing position or in a stationary position II is held by lugs 32, which in this case is made in the form of support ribs, I in close to the door area of the side walls 15. You can also set the stops on the longitudinal edge of the cover 24, addressed to the receiving shelf 18 and the lugs 32 in this case, when the cover is closed 24 rested least in the lower side of the receiving shelf 18 facing to the edge 30 of the hole.
In spite of presents and perform the described embodiment of the invention can also under take-shelf 18 to provide two vessels, and in this case, the protruding portion of each of the containers may cover either all by itself lid 24, located at the receiving shelf 18 or capacity, resulting due to the protruding part of the hole, covered by a common lid.
1. Refrigerator with at least one located inside it is equipped with a door insulating housing of the refrigerating chamber, inside of which there is at least one having a sufficiently closed surface reception shelf products, under which there is at least one made in the form of a drawer capacity used for bookmarks for storing food, such as fruits or vegetables, which is converted to the door part stands for the entrance side of the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, when is it closing position around the axis of rotation, located at least approximately parallel to the receiving shelf for refrigerated products, characterized in that the cover (24) is made of transparent material, and in the closing position represents together with the receiving shelf (18) to produce a continuous covering surface.
2. Refrigerator under item 1, characterized in that the reception shelf for refrigerated products provided with side tabs (23) and cover (24) is made in cooperation with these tabs and installed them with the formation of the axis of rotation.
3. Refrigerator under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the axis (25) of rotation is provided on the entrance side of the receiving shelf (18) for refrigerated products.
4. Fridge on one of the PP.1-3, characterized in that the cover (24) in the closing position is located at a distance from the hole (29) of the container.
5. Fridge on one of the PP.1-4, characterized in that the cover (24) with its pivot is limited to employees focusing lateral edges (27.1) and the lugs (32).
6. Fridge on one of the PP.1-5, characterized in that the cover (24) has a depth equal to half or one third the depth of the receiving shelf (18) for cooled products, and at least mostly runs along its width.
7. Holodilniki the door (11) side has an adjustable valve (20) for regulating the possible penetration into the container (28) cold air.
8. Fridge on PP.1-7, characterized in that the container is made of transparent material.
FIELD: cooling, particularly self-contained movable devices, domestic refrigerators with several compartments.
SUBSTANCE: method involves successive pumping cooling agent in condenser; throttling thereof; moving cooling agent to cooling chamber evaporator; additionally throttling thereof and feeding cooling agent to freezing chamber evaporator with following sucking cooling agent off; drying vapor-and-liquid mixture in cooing chamber evaporator under temperature of 0 … - 5oC; boiling vapor-and-liquid mixture in freezing chamber evaporator under temperature of -20 … -30oC.
EFFECT: reduced energy losses.
FIELD: heat vacuum insulation, for example, in refrigerators or domestic ovens.
SUBSTANCE: the heat-insulating wall has two external vacuum-tight layers. They are positioned at a distance from each other and vacuum-tightly connected with the aid of a connecting profile passing along then. The space between the walls and the profile is filled with vacuumized heat-insulating material. The profile consists of several sections. In annular zones of the heat-insulating wall the sections of the connecting profile are made integral. The profile may have a U-shaped cross-section. The elements of the profile sections are interconnected by welding.
EFFECT: provided leak-proofness of vacuum insulation due to absence of a joint point and piling of welded joints in angular zones; provided required profile geometry determined by functional-technical considerations, since the angular sections are preliminary manufactured parts.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: domestic refrigerators.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerator comprises thermally insulated chamber, cooling device with a cooler, additional cooling device with the additional cooler mounted inside the thermally insulated chamber for direct cooling of products, and temperature controller. The additional cooling device is provided with a working unit which comprises reference-input element, actuator, control device, and controlled pressure-tight passages which are used for circulating coolant cooled by ambient air and pass through the wall of the chamber. The passages are the inlet and outlet for the additional coolant and are directly in communication with the ambient air which circulates in the space of the additional cooler and is cut-off by means of the control device and actuator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
25 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: components of cooling equipment, particularly for charging, supporting or discharging the articles to be cooled.
SUBSTANCE: cooling chamber has isolating container with outer surface, isolating lid adapted to close opened upper container part, cooling means to cool inner container space without outer container surface cooling and supporting structure, which supports container, lid and cooling means. Container is installed on the supporting structure and may move relative the structure and relative the lid to open container for the purpose to provide access to container interior or to close container. Then container is closed with lid at least major part of outer container surface is exposed to ambient air.
EFFECT: increased shelf life of products stored inside the container.
78 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: refrigeration or cooling.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises applying sizing agent between the outer side and evaporator. The applying of sizing agent comprises injecting semi-liquid sizing agent from the nozzle of the spraying head mounted opposite to the surface which is at a distance from it and converting the jet into sprayed aerosol before it impacts the surface so that the surface undergoes the jet and is covered with a homogeneous layer of sizing agent.
EFFECT: reduced cost.
9 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: heat-insulating wall comprises two covering layers that are spaced and interconnected by means of a connecting member. The space between the wall and the member is filled with the evacuated heat-insulating material. The covering layers may be provided with through openings. The branch pipe mounted in the space interconnects the layers.. The branch pipe is flanged at the both ends. The outer wall of the flange is tightly secured to the inner side of the covering layers. The opening may be made in one of the covering layer. The outer wall of the flange is tightly secured to the outer wall of the covering layer.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
18 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: self-contained movable devices, for instance domestic refrigerator with cooling compartments at different temperatures.
SUBSTANCE: control method for double-chamber refrigerating plant involves taking fresh product chamber 1 temperature as reference temperature, wherein heat penetration in above fresh product chamber 1 is low at low ambient air temperature; using fresh product chamber 1 temperature and repeatedly starting compressor 4 by activating heater 3 to avoid long inactive state of compressor 4 and to increase freezing chamber 2 temperature up to value exceeding desired temperature value. Heater 3 activating time is dynamically determined in dependence of compressor 4 operation intensity.
EFFECT: provision of optimal operational characteristics of refrigeration plant irrespective of ambient temperature change.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: refrigerating engineering.
SUBSTANCE: refrigerating unit can be used for quick frosting of food, including blood plasma. Refrigerating unit has compressor, which has output connected with input pf condenser and input connected with output of evaporator, main choke member mounted between output of condenser and input of evaporator. At least one electromagnet solenoid valve with coil, at least one commutation unit and capillary tubes cooling agent overheating temperature devices and set point device is introduced into refrigerating unit additionally. Outputs of valves ore connected in parallel with to output of condenser and with input of choke member. Outputs of valves are connected with inputs of capillary tubes. Outputs of capillary tubes and output of choke member are connected in parallel to input of evaporator. Ends of windings of any coil are connected with electric power circuit through commutation unit. First control input of the commutation unit is connected with outputs of cooling agent overheating temperature set point device. The second control input is connected with one temperature detector disposed onto pipeline, which connects output of evaporator and input of compressor. Capillary tubes are made to have hydraulic resistance that does not exceed hydraulic resistance of choke member. Different temperature modes can be provided at the same amount of cooling agent circulating in hydraulic line.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of operation.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of home freezers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed home freezer has hermetic shell with chambers with locking doors, replaceable shelves, electric motor with drive for vacuum pump for forming rarefaction of atmospheric air inside inner part of housing, vacuum pipe line, ozonator and microprocessor mounted in shell; connected to vacuum pipe line is branch pipe fitted with ozone supply valve; surface of inner part of shell is provided with copper coat applied by spraying.
EFFECT: complete decontamination of freezer interior; enhanced tightness of doors; automatic control and maintenance of electric motor temperature and operation.