Folding recumbent

 

The invention relates to a foldable three-wheel bikes with the location of the cyclist reclining. Foldable frame is made of three parts, connected by hinges 4, 5. The transverse beam 53 is connected with the rear part 3 of the frame and when folded is able to swivel in a horizontal plane relative to the carriage 39. The drive sprocket is located before the leading front wheel 9, and the wheel by means of longitudinal tie rod 29 rotates the two rear wheels on the transverse beam 53. The length of the front frame 1 is made equal to 0.9-1.1 times the diameter of the drive wheel, the middle part of frame 2 - [1,25-(1,5-2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, the rear frame 3 - [0.5 to 0.75 in (- 2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, the length of the cross beam 53 with wheels is made equal to 1.5(0,9-1,1) diameter drive wheel, where a is the width of the rear wheels. The proposed solution is aimed at reducing the dimensions of the bike when folded. 8 Il.

The invention relates to transport machinery and can be used as individual muscle vehicle.

Known recumbent (modelist-Konstruktor, No. 5, 1987, page 7), containing the collapsible raydene with backrest. The disadvantage of this tricycle is that it is collapsible nodes and inconvenient to transport in a disassembled state, as it cannot roll in a disassembled state. The distance from the pedals to the seat is not adjustable and is made for the growth of the owner.

The closest in technical essence, adopted for the prototype, is the bike along.with. The USSR №1063690 containing a foldable frame with a swivel joint, steering column and seat post rack frame, front and rear wheels of the same diameter with the chain drive pedals. The disadvantage of this bike is that it is unstable in the folded state, as in the folded state, the distance between axes parallel wheels is not large. When folded it can only move forward and backward, which lacks the maneuverability of movement during transportation. Unstable during folding and unfolding, which makes folding and unfolding and not convenient for maintenance and repair in the folded state.

The invention solves the problem of compact addition tricycle, ease of transportation when folded, due to the reduction of dimensions in the folded state is Kodama through the fulcrum of the drive wheel and sustainability folded.

To achieve the specified result in folding recumbent containing articulated collapsible frame attached to her seat, steering column with steering wheel, one front leading and two rear wheels mounted on the cross beam, the frame is made of three articulated folding parts, the front part of the frame at an angle 115-120° to it is attached the plug is shifted to the left with the carriage of the elongated axis of the pedal, on which the bearing is worn the right side of the fork and the drive sprocket drive chain drive on the front wheel to the front frame attached additional vertical plug, bottom provided with a bracket with a hole and threaded for mounting in the folded state with the hole of the fixing bracket of the lower flange of the rear frame and the front frame mounted seat with the rest of the back, in the upper part of which is a groove that provide anchorage overturned seats with the front part of the frame, attached to the seat axis, connected by a stud frame with grooves that move to support the breadcrumbs and the axes of the steering column, the horizontal beam steering with steering wheel, armrest and control lever brake rear wheels, supporting the handrail for hands with lever thermoshake and clamp connections horizontal beam steering with a steering wheel with collapsible steering traction of the rear wheels, the toothed rack is attached to the middle part of the frame clamp to the back of the attached vertical carriage to which is attached a flange to which the studs with shock-absorbing springs and replaceable washers attached, consisting of three parts of the cross beam, the ends of which are attached to the vertical carriage of the rotary axes of the rear wheels, on the top flange articulated foldable trunk with a supporting frame, the lower flange attached to the mounting bracket with hole, cross-beam is displaced horizontally from the vertical carriage attached to the back of the frame, the length of the front frame is made equal to (0,9-1,1) diameter drive wheel, the middle part of the frame - [1,25-(1,5-2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, the rear part of the frame - [0.5 to 0.75 in (- 2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, the length of the cross beam with wheels is made equal to 1.5(0,9-1,1) diameter drive wheel, where a is the width of the rear wheels.

The execution of the front frame size (0,9-1,1) diameter drive wheel ensures optimal length of the folded tricycle. The running average of the frame is equal to [1,25-(1,5-2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, and run the back of the frame size [0.5 to 0.75 in (- 2A)] diameter of the drive wheel allows for folding velom the second carriage, fixed to the rear part of the frame, in the center of the folded length of the tricycle is provided, if the middle part of the frame has a size from the initial length of 0.75 of the diameter of the drive wheel that is half the length of the folded tricycle, and the rest of its length to the connecting joint with the rear part of the frame will be equal to the length of the rear part of the frame, which ensures the presence of the mounting bracket with a hole attached to the bottom flange of the rear part of the frame in the center of the length of the folded design of the recumbent. Fork offset to the left by the carriage of the elongated axis of the pedal allows you to omit below the frame of the tricycle with a seat that reduces the size of a recumbent height. Install the fork angle 115-120° to the front of the frame does not allow the pedals to go beyond the dimensions of a folded recumbent. Roaming steering column allows you to move to the hinge seat with backrest, and the clamp on a support bearing releases the rail from the holder and allows for folding recumbent tilting back and secure it to the pedal fork bolt. The size of the height of the seat frame and backrest equal to the size of the front frame with sprocket wheel, provides for folding recumbent occurrence of the clearance height of the frame's seat with JV the width of a folded recumbent. Flange connection allows you to remove the crossmember to the rear wheels from the middle part of the frame with the addition of the velomobile.

Located between the lower flange and the rear cross beam replacement washer with shock-absorbing springs provide in the folded recumbent when located vertically driving wheel some ground clearance at the rear wheels. And the installation of a recumbent three wheel he gets good stability, as the leading wheel gets some incline from the vertical, and the center of gravity in the middle of the folded structure, giving it the most maneuverability when transporting folded velomobile as a truck. The use of separate fastening parts of the frame hinges allows without disassembly recumbent fold. In folded position the mounting bracket on the lower flange is combined with the bracket, at the bottom of the additional plugs, and these brackets are fixed by the bolt, so that all folding of the frame of the recumbent fixed in a single structure.

In working condition length recumbent equal to 3.75 diameter of the drive wheel, the width is 1.5 diameter of the drive wheel, height - 2 diameter of the drive wheel. Folded length recumbent revoery recumbent reduced relative to the size of recumbent in working condition in the following proportions: the length of the recumbent is reduced 2.5 times (3,75:1,5); the width is reduced by 1.5 times (1.5 to:1,0); height decreases by 1.3 times (2:1,5).

The proposed recumbent is illustrated in the drawings, is shown in Fig.1-8.

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the recumbent (not shown control cables brakes and clamps, shock absorbing springs), and Fig.2 - recumbent folded (side view, not shown foldable tie rod end, control cables brakes and clamps); Fig.3 is a top view of the tricycle in the folded condition (not shown control cables brakes and clamps); Fig.4 - recumbent folded (front not shown foldable tie rod end, control cables brakes, right small wheel, a transverse beam shown in section); Fig.5 - recumbent folded (rear view, not shown foldable tie rod end, control cables brakes, mount horizontal beam steering with collapsible steering traction), and Fig.6 - seat frame with the slide movement of the seat (side view), and Fig.7 - seat frame with the slide movement of the seat (top view), and Fig.8 shows a frame of the seat with movable steering column and a horizontal beam steering (front view).

Universal foldable recumbent includes welded frame consisting of a tre is article 7 with a handle 8 for arm control lever of the brake of a forward sprocket 9. In the frame 6 of the seat 7 is made grooves 10, which are the reference axis 11 of the seat 7, connected via jumper wires 12 with brackets 13 of the steering column housing 14. The brackets 13 are based on the reference crackers 15. The brackets 16, which is fixed axis 11, are based on reference crackers 15. The brackets 13, 16 fixed to the steering column housing 14 on the front of the frame 1. Part of the frame 6 of the seat 7 is based on a frame 17 of the slide and one end of the frame 17 is attached to the seat base 7, and the seat base 7 is connected to the brackets 18 of the frame 6 of the seat 7 by pins 19 to adjust the angle of inclination of the base of the seat 7. The studs 19 are freely put the other end on the bearing housing axis 20, which, if necessary, fasten the levers to transfer forces from the hand thrust through to the pedals 21. Body axes 20 are rigidly connected with the base seat 7 curved plates. In the frame 17 of the slide is the toothed rack 22, which rests on a support 23 of the middle part 2 of the frame at the hinge 4. Other end with a groove attached to the middle part 2 of the frame on a support pole 24 with clip. To the frame 17 attached to the bracket 25 for mounting the winding rope, transmitting force from the lever 26 of the control spring retainer toothed rack 22 and spring retainer attachment l steering column 14, attachment 27 with collapsible steering draught 29 and vertically positioned wheel 30. On the steering wheel 30 on the free axle set arm 31, the arm 32 and the arm 33 of the brake control rear wheel 34 by a system of cables. In the upper part of the backrest 35 completed the groove 36. Back 35 attached to the frame 6 of the seat 7. To the back 35 attached to the handle 37, the stop 38, the other end of which is attached to the frame 17 of the slide. By the end of the rear frame 3 is attached to the vertical carriage 39, which through the hollow pin 40 attached to the flanges 41 and 42. The flange 41 by nuts studs 43 are attached to the plate 44, which is the mounting hinge for foldable trunk 45, which rests on the support frame 46 and is connected with her hooks 47. Support frame 46 of the boot is attached to the flange 41 by a bolt 48. The flange 42 attached to the mounting bracket 49 with a hole. In the hollow bolt 40 freely on posidelki rack mounted seat 50 passengers. By pins 43, which are wearing shock-absorbing spring 51 with replaceable washers 52 and nuts stud bolts 43 to the flanges 41 and 42 attached to the transverse beam 53, the ends of which are attached to the vertical carriage 54 of the rotary axes of the rear wheels 34 connected through levers 55 transverse rotary thrust 56, on which one end is e 53 and collapsible steering bar 29. Height replaceable washers 52 provides in the folded recumbent separation from the land of the rear wheels when located vertically driving wheel. The plug 58 to the chassis of the carriage 59 elongated axis 60 of the pedal 21 is installed vertical tube 61 at the upper end of which is fixed a nut 62 threaded. To the front of the frame 1 is vertically attached additional plug 63, the lower part of which has a bracket 64 with a hole and thread equal to the diameter of the thread of the bolt 65. The hinges 4 and 5 are fixed by bolts 65 and 66. The bolt 67 secures the hollow bolt 40 with the rear part 3 of the frame. In the case of the vertical carriage 39, attached to the end of the rear part of the frame 3, is made through the screw holes and the hollow bolt 40 with holes of the same diameter, but without thread, and they are aligned and parallel to the axis of the frame of the tricycle. Into these holes are inserted the bolt 67, the front cylindrical part is threaded, diameter equal to the diameter of the holes threaded in the housing vertical carriage 39 and the threaded sleeve 62. This part of the bolt 67 length equal to the diameter of the vertical carriage 39, fixes the hollow pin 40 fixed to the flange 42 with the rear part of the frame 3, and then the threaded portion of the bolt 67 is wrapped in a housing bore vertikalno beams 53 while riding. In the flange 41 is made a hole 68 with thread.

Recumbent works as follows. Sitting in seat 7 with backrest 35, pressing the pedals 21 feet, which is almost in a horizontal position, and recumbent starts to move.

To move the seat 7 of the pedals 21 pull a lever 26, which is located under the seat 7, and through a system of ropes and a spring-loaded latch releases the rack 22 of the frame 17 of the slide and at the same time through a system of cables actuates the latch on collapsible steering bar 29, which detaches it from the horizontal steering of the beam 28, which is connected with the wheel 30. On collapsible steering bar 29 has holes for fixing. They are located at a distance from each other equal to the step of teeth on the toothed rail 22. Thus, the working portion of the foldable tie rod 29 is extended or reduced by the same length, which moved the seat 7 with backrest 35. Due to the fact that roaming steering column 14 is the basis of the mounting frame 6 of the seat 7 to the frame of the tricycle and moves with the seat 7 at the same time, and hence with the wheel 30 together. The wheel 30 remains in the proper position relative to the pivot swivel wheels 34. But first before adjusting sid wheels 34 and to plant the feet in the pedals 21, to seat 7 moved away from the pedals 21. To seat 7 moved to the pedals 21, it is necessary to plant the feet into the ground and sitting on the seat 7, the pressing levers 33 to the wheel 30 and 26 under the seat 7, to move the seat 7.

Turn velomobile is due to the transmission of force from the hand to the steering lever 30. Through a collapsible steering rod 29 effort from the hands through the steering wheel 30 and the horizontal steering the beam 28 is transmitted to the rocking 57, mounted on the free axis on the transverse beam 53, and then the force is transferred to the transverse rotary rod 56, which through the lever 55 rotates the rear wheels 34 are located on the vertical axis of the carriage 54, the casing which is mounted on the ends of cross beam 53.

Recumbent folds in the following way. Recumbent put on the brakes of the rear wheels 34 of the brake lever 33 of the rear wheels 34, located on the vertical steering lever 30. Clicking on the lever 33, free hand press down on the lever 26 of the control retainer toothed rack 22. The toothed rack 22 is released from the frame 17 of the slide. And at the same time through a system of ropes lifted the latch 27, which connects the horizontal steering beam 28 with the wheel 30 with collapsible steering draught 29. The wheel 30 away from himself to another, in this time ski draft 29. Collapsible steering rod 29 becomes free, attached only at one end with the rocking 57. The levers 26 and 33 are released. Rotate 90° clamp end support 24, thereby frees the rail 22 from the holder to the middle part 2 of the frame, having rested his foot in the middle portion 2 of the frame, tighten the seat 7 with backrest 35 on itself until it stops roaming steering column 14 in the hinge 4, tighten seat 7 up the grooves 10 of the frame 6 on the supporting axes 11 to lock and tilt seat 7 with backrest 35 and the frame 6 to the pedals 21. Then turn the bolt 67, which was preventing the rotation of the transverse beam 53 in the hollow pin 40 while riding, and the transverse beam 53 is released and freely rotates on a hollow pin 40 in a vertical carriage 39. The bolt 67 through the slot 36 in the upper part of the backrest 35 screw into the sleeve 62 on the end of the vertical tube 61, and thus the seat 7 with backrest 35 is rigidly fixed to the front part 1 of the frame of the tricycle. Then turn the bolt 66 of the hinge 5 and screw it in the same joint in the vertically located hole. Free from attachment to the horizontal steering beam 28 and fastened the other end to the rocker 57 collapsible steering rod 29, is equal to 2.5 diameter drive wheel, put in two (1,25×2) and include the Lin, approximately 1.5 times the diameter of the drive wheel. Then turn the bolt 65 of the hinge 4. The hinge 4 is released from fixation and open it counterclockwise. Thus the middle part of the frame 2 is located parallel to the front frame part 1 and the leading wheel 9. As well as the hinge 5 is not clamped by the bolt 66, open it in a clockwise direction, and the rear part 3 of the frame is parallel to the leading wheel 9, and simultaneously with the counterclockwise rotation becomes parallel to the leading wheel 9 of the transverse beam 53 in the hollow pin 40, and the rear small wheels 34 are perpendicular to the leading wheel 9, forming a strong Foundation for the entire folded design of the recumbent. Then align the axis of the hole in the bracket 49, located on the flange 42, and a hole threaded in the bracket 64, located in the lower part of the additional plug 63, and the two bracket rigidly fixed by bolts 65. Then in the folded recumbent sprocket bought some incline from the vertical, and the center of gravity has shifted in the middle of the folded structure, giving it a solid three wheels. Then turn horizontal steering beam 28 with a length of 0.5 of the diameter of the drive wheel towards the that allows him not to over-size the height of a folded recumbent. At the same time on the free axis rotates to the pedal arm 32, is equal to the length of 0.5 of the diameter of the drive wheel that allows you to not leave him for the size of the folded length of the recumbent. To add trunk 45 turn the bolt 48 and removed support frame 46 of the rack 45. Trunk 45 hangs vertically on the two mounting hinge brackets 44, and the bolt 48 is screwed into the hole 68 of the flange 41. Then support frame 46 is fixed in trunk the trunk 45 with spring framework so that the hooks 47 grabbed the edge of the flange 42 that provides reinforcement of the trunk 45 in a vertical position.

Thus recumbent complicated and can easily be transported on its own wheels in either direction (in the longitudinal, transverse and rotate around the fulcrum of the drive wheel 9). If holding the handle 37, to move the weight of the combined recumbent on a small wheel 34, it is possible to push, roll) to move it ahead or behind, like a hand truck, and if you move the weight on the drive wheel 9 away from earth small wheel 34, the folded recumbent to roll right or left. When folded, the tricycle has three wheels, it can be rotated around the fulcrum of the drive wheel 9 that pozloslovit equal in length 1.5 diameter of the drive wheel, the width equal to the diameter of the drive wheel, and a height of 1.5 diameter of the drive wheel. Folded length recumbent reduced by 2.5 times, and the width is 1.5 times.

Claims

Folding recumbent containing articulated foldable frame mounted on it with a seat (7), steering column (14) with the wheel, one front leading and two rear wheels mounted on the cross beam (53), characterized in that the frame is made of three articulated folding parts, the front part of the frame (1) at an angle 115-120° to it is attached plug (58) shifted to the left with the carriage of the elongated axis of the pedals, on which the bearing is worn the right side of the fork and the drive sprocket drive chain drive on the front wheel to the front frame (1) attached additional vertical fork (63), the bottom is equipped with a bracket (64) with a hole and thread to secure folded with bore mounting bracket (49) bottom flange (42) rear part (3) of the frame and the front frame (1) set seat with a stop (38) for the back, in the upper part of which is a groove (36), provide anchorage of the tilted seat to the front part (1) of the frame to the seat Prince (14), horizontal beam steering (28) with the wheel (30), armrest (32), the lever (33) brake control rear wheels, supporting the handrail (8) for hand brake lever the front wheel, frame (17) of the slide movement of the seat with the lever (26) of the control spring retainer rack (22) and lock connection horizontal steering of the beam (28) with the wheel with collapsible steering traction (29) rotate the rear wheels, the toothed rack (22) is attached to the middle part (2) frame clip, to the rear part (3) of the frame attached to the vertical carriage (39), which is attached flanges (41, 42), to which the studs with shock-absorbing springs and replaceable washers attached, consisting of three parts of the transverse beam (53), the ends of which are attached to the vertical carriage (54) rotary axes of the rear wheels, on the top flange (41) pivotally attached foldable trunk (45) with a support frame (46), on the lower flange (42) attached to mounting bracket (49) with hole, cross-beam (53) displaced horizontally from the vertical carriage (39) attached to the rear part (3) of the frame, the length of the front part (1) frame is made equal to (0,9-1,1) diameter drive wheel, the middle part (2) frames [1,25-(1,5-2A)] diameter of the drive wheel, the rear part (3) frames [0.5 to 0.75 in (- 2A)] diameter vecerina the rear wheels.



 

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