Heat generation and device for its implementation

 

The invention relates to the field of heat, in particular for the production of thermal energy otherwise than as a result of combustion of fuel, and the direct conversion of mechanical energy into thermal energy. The proposed method of producing heat includes starting the heating of the liquid coolant, the subsequent rise of its temperature in two stages to a temperature of its liquid state by overclocking pre-formed flow of the liquid coolant. At the first stage liquid coolant effect in a confined space with the swirler surface of the rolling disc-shaped working body before reaching the liquid coolant temperature transition in gas-liquid mixture. In the second stage, the obtained liquid mixture of the liquid coolant effect corovim swirler to achieve a gas-liquid mixture flow tangential velocity corresponding to its vortex state to a temperature higher than the temperature of vaporization of the liquid coolant and selection receive thermal energy from the exit stream of liquid coolant to the consumer. The heat source consists of a liquid-cooled hermetic casing, strips the rear walls are motionless working bodies. Between the fixed working bodies placed with a guaranteed gap S is movable disc-shaped working body mounted on the drive shaft. On the end surfaces of the rolling disc-shaped working body evenly spaced around the circumference of the inclined relative to each other, the swirler. Each swirl is made in the form of grooves. At the end of the drive shaft is installed tore swirl, located in the opening of the front wall of the housing. The nozzles and selection of the liquid coolant are installed respectively on the back cover casing and the rear wall of the housing. Filled with liquid coolant space between the inner surfaces of the front and back covers of the casing and the surface casing is divided into an active zone and passing it a passive mixing zone portion is heated to a predetermined temperature of the liquid coolant with the newly supplied through the feed pipe cold liquid coolant. The invention improves the efficiency of energy conversion of rotation into heat energy, to simplify the design of the heat source, to reduce the complexity of its service and increase service life. 2 c. and 5 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

energy differently than as a result of combustion of fuel, and the direct conversion of mechanical energy into thermal energy.

Known from the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2045715, CL7F 25 29/00, 1995, heat generation, including the water supply to the vortex generator, the formation of a vortex flow of the water therein, providing a cavitation regime of vortex motion at the resonant amplification of the resulting stream of sound vibrations and subsequent allotment received in the vortex teplogeneratore heat from the exit stream of water to the consumer.

The disadvantages of this method is the lack of efficiency, structural complexity and low efficiency of the heat carrying out the proposed method, and large losses of heat which is transferred by a liquid heat transfer medium.

Known from the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2054604, CL7F 24 J 3/00, 1996, heat source drive cavitation, comprising a housing in the cavity which are movable operating elements.

The disadvantages of this generator is the complexity of its design, the lack of efficiency and durability, low efficiency and high heat losses, carry out liquid talones the Federation №2165054, CL7F 24 J 3/00, 2000 and 2201562, CL7F 24 J 3/00, 1999, heat generation, which includes the initial heating of the liquid coolant and the subsequent rise of its temperature to the temperature of its liquid state by overclocking pre-formed flow of liquid coolant to the vortex state with subsequent selection of the received thermal energy from the exit stream of liquid coolant to the consumer and the heat source, containing, placed in a vessel filled with liquid coolant, discoid located opposite the fixed and placed between them with a guaranteed clearance movable disc-shaped working body mounted on the drive shaft and having on its end surface of the swirler arranged inclined relative to each other, working bodies and nozzles and selection of heat-transfer fluid.

The disadvantages of these technical solutions are the low efficiency of energy conversion of rotation into heat energy, the permanent damaging effects of cavitation on the working bodies of the heat source, its fragility and increased the complexity of its maintenance and repair.

The objectives of the proposed invention is to improve the ora, reducing the complexity of its maintenance, easy operation and longer service life.

Objectives of the invention are achieved by the fact that in the heat generation, which includes the initial heating of the liquid coolant and the subsequent rise of its temperature to the temperature of its liquid state by overclocking pre-formed flow of liquid coolant directed to a vortex state with subsequent selection of the received thermal energy from the exit stream of liquid coolant to the consumer that the acceleration of the flow of the liquid coolant are in two stages, the first of which the last act in a confined space with the swirler surface of the rolling disc-shaped working body until the flow of liquid coolant velocity V equal to 8-12 m/s, corresponding to the temperature of the transition in gas-liquid mixture, and at the second stage in the last act corovim swirler until the flow of the gas / liquid mixture fluid tangential velocity of over 12 m/s, at which the degree of heat greater than the temperature of vaporization of the liquid coolant and the heat source, containing a sealed container, C is sporogony between them with guaranteed clearance “S” is fixed on the drive shaft movable disc-shaped working body, having on its end surfaces evenly spaced around the circumference of the inclined relative to each other, the swirler, and the nozzles and selection of the liquid coolant supplied mounted at the end of the drive shaft of the rolling disc-shaped working body corovim swirler, the capacity made in the form of sound and heat insulation casing of the United perimeter of a closed annular cowling front Central part with a convex hemispherical concentric with the axis of rotation tore swirl and rear with Central on the inner surface of the disc-shaped ledge covers, stationary disc working bodies - in the form of forming the casing and connected at the outer ends of the ring closed around the perimeter jumper, front with covering concentric tore the Central swirl in the form of a truncated cone opening and rear walls, the swirlers in the form contained in the plan grooves, nozzles and selection of the liquid coolant are installed respectively on the back cover of sound and thermal insulation casing and the rear casing wall, while filled with liquid coolant space between the inner surface of the sound - and heat-insulated casing and the casing section is termoizolirujutsja casing active zone and passing it a passive mixing zone portion is heated to a predetermined temperature of the liquid coolant with the newly supplied cold liquid coolant, and the radius “R” of curvature of the inner surface of the hemispherical convex Central part of the front cover and the diameter “DRR” output pipe exceeds the diameter “Dp” the drive shaft and the thickness of the disc-shaped working body, respectively 3-10 and 3-5 times, and guaranteed the gap “S” is less than the distance “L” between the inner surfaces of the front and rear walls of the casing 3-8 times.

In addition, in the method of obtaining heat pre-heating the liquid coolant can be performed in closed-loop mode of its circulation without removal of thermal energy to the consumer, and in the heat closed in terms of contours forming the swirler grooves can be accomplished in the form of a comma, or a diamond, or triangular or Y-shaped.

The claimed method of obtaining heat may be implemented using devices of a different design, but is most effective when using the claimed design devices that implement the operations of the method.

The invention is illustrated by drawings: where Fig.1 schematically shows a General view of the heat generator in the context of Fig.2 is a front view of the pin body; Fig.3 is a cross-section of the working body; Fig.4 - viarme comma.

The heat source consists of a sealed container made in the form of sound and heat insulation casing of the United perimeter of a closed annular cowling 1 front 2 with hemispherical convex Central part 3 and the back 4 with Central on the inner surface of the disc-shaped protrusion 5 covers. Sound and thermal insulation casing filled with liquid coolant 6, and in its cavity placed the body of the corresponding outer ends of the ring closed around the perimeter jumper 7 front 8, having a Central form of a truncated cone aperture 9 and rear 10 disc-shaped walls, the inner surfaces 11 and 12 which are arranged spaced stationary working bodies. Between the inner surfaces 11 and 12 of the front 8 and rear 10 disc-shaped walls placed with guaranteed clearance “S” is fixed on the drive shaft 13 is movable disc-shaped working body 14. On the front 15 and rear 16 of the end surfaces of the rolling disc-shaped working body 14 evenly spaced around the circumference of the inclined relative to each other, the swirler performed in closed form in terms of the grooves 17. At the end of the drive shaft 13 is installed tore swirl 18 located along the longitudinal OO coolant 6 is installed respectively on the rear 4 cover sound and thermal insulation casing and the rear 10 of the casing wall. Filled with liquid coolant 6 the space between the inner surfaces of the front 2 with hemispherical convex Central part 3 and rear 4 caps sound insulating casing and the surface casing is divided into a limited inner surface of the hemispherical convex Central part 3 front cover 2 and the front surface 8 front 8, having a Central form of a truncated cone opening 9 wall 21 active zone and passing it the passive zone 22 of the mixing part is heated to a predetermined temperature of the liquid coolant 6 is again supplied through the feed pipe 19 cold liquid coolant 6. The radius “R” of curvature of the inner surface of the convex hemispherical Central 3 part 2 front cover and the diameter “DRR” pipe selection 20 is heated to a predetermined temperature of the liquid coolant 6 exceeds the diameter “Dp” the drive shaft 13 and the thickness of the disc-shaped working body 14, respectively 3-10 and 3-5 times. Guaranteed clearance “S” is less than the distance “L” between the inner surfaces of the front and rear walls of the casing 3-8 times.

The operation of the heat generator to implement the claimed method of obtaining heat is sledujusjaja) sound and heat insulation casing is supplied with liquid coolant 6, which can be used water, antifreeze, antifreeze, and/or various mixtures based on them. Pre-warm-up (start warming up) preferably takes place in the heat in the closed mode of its circulation without heat consumer to achieve at least the heat before reaching the liquid coolant 6 temperature 90°C.

At the first stage of acceleration and formation of flow of the liquid coolant 6 he is under the influence of a movable disk-like working body 14 mounted on the drive shaft 13 until reaching 21 in the active area bounded by the internal surface of the concave hemispherical Central portion 3 of the front cover 2 sound insulating casing and the front surface 8 of the wall with a Central form of a truncated cone opening 9, which is placed tore swirl 18, tangential flow velocity of the liquid coolant 6 8-12 m/s and the phase transition temperature of the liquid coolant 6 pairs (t90°C). When the temperature of the phase transition of the flow of the coolant 6 is converted into a stream of gas-liquid mixture, which is then at the second stage impact corovim swirler 18, driving her to the tangential velocity, AMI funnel. In the Central point formed by the centrifugal forces of the funnel is the physical process of converting resistive energy into heat energy, which emit into the environment of additional heat which heats the gas-liquid mixture to 250°C or higher degrees, which increases the generation efficiency of the heat source heat through the pipe selection 20 is given to the consumer.

The proposed method of producing heat, which is implemented by using the proposed boiler allows to increase the efficiency of heat at full concurrent exception of the preparation process of the liquid coolant.

Claims

1. Heat generation, which includes the initial heating of the liquid coolant and the subsequent rise of its temperature to the temperature of its liquid state by overclocking pre-formed flow of liquid coolant directed to a vortex state with subsequent selection of the received thermal energy from the exit stream of liquid coolant to the consumer, characterized in that the acceleration of the flow of the liquid coolant are in two stages, the first of which on the last vaseegara until the flow of liquid coolant velocity V, equal to 8-12 m/s, corresponding to the temperature of the transition in gas-liquid mixture, and the second stage in the last act corovim swirler until the flow of the gas / liquid mixture fluid tangential velocity of over 12 m/s, at which the degree of heat greater than the temperature of vaporization of the liquid coolant.

2. The method according to p. 1, wherein the preliminary heating of the liquid coolant is carried out in a closed mode of its circulation without heat consumer.

3. The heat source containing a pressurized tank filled with liquid coolant, which is placed opposite the stationary disc working bodies and located between them with a guaranteed gap S is fixed on the drive shaft movable disc-shaped working body having on its end surfaces evenly spaced around the circumference of the inclined relative to each other, the swirler, and the nozzles and selection of the liquid coolant, characterized in that the supplied fixed to the end of the drive shaft of the rolling disc-shaped working body corovim swirler, capacity made in the form of sound and heat insulation casing of the United on lane rotation tore swirl and rear with Central on the inner surface of the disc-shaped ledge covers, stationary disc working bodies - in the form of forming the casing and connected at the outer ends of the ring closed around the perimeter jumper, covering the front with concentric tore the Central swirl in the form of a truncated cone opening and rear walls, the swirlers in the form contained in the plan grooves, nozzles and selection of the liquid coolant are installed respectively on the back cover of sound and heat insulating casing and the rear casing wall, when filled with liquid coolant space between the inner surface of the sound - and heat-insulated casing and the casing is divided into a limited inner surface of the hemispherical convex Central fore - and sound-insulating casing active zone and passing it a passive mixing zone portion is heated to a predetermined temperature of the liquid coolant with the newly supplied cold liquid coolant, and the radius R of curvature of the inner surface of the hemispherical convex Central part of the front cover and the diameter DRRthe output of the pipe exceeds the diameter Dpthe drive shaft and the thickness of the disc-shaped working body, respectively 3-10 and 3-5 times, and guaranteed C is cogenerator on p. 3, characterized in that closed in terms of contours forming the swirler grooves made in the form of a comma.

5. Heat generator according to p. 3, characterized in that closed in terms of contours forming the swirler grooves made in the form of a rhombus.

6. Heat generator according to p. 3, characterized in that closed in terms of contours forming the swirler grooves made in the form of triangles.

7. Heat generator according to p. 3, characterized in that closed in terms of contours forming the swirler grooves made with l-shaped.



 

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