Heating system, which uses the plate of the heating panel

 

The invention relates to the heating system, which uses the plate of the heating panel. The heating system includes a heating panels, each of which includes an essentially rectangular upper and lower plates are installed opposite one another with formation of a cavity between them, supporting elements, which are designed to connect the upper and lower plates and each of which has a predetermined area and is situated at a distance from the adjacent supporting elements, and two flow nozzles arranged in two diametrically opposite corners of the upper and lower plates, and connecting elements for connection flow pipe adjacent the heating panels to provide a continuous flow of heating fluid through the heating panel, when this supporting elements evenly spaced in the first direction parallel to the long side of the upper and lower plates, and in the second direction parallel to the short side of these plates, thereby forming the first and second rows of cavities corresponding to the specified first and second directions, and the heating system further comprises in the corresponding flow pipe and carrying out the dispersion of the heating fluid. In the second embodiment described above, the heating system further comprises a first diffusing element located in one place in the first row of cavities so that fluid flowing in the first direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place, and the second dispersive element located in one place in the second row of cavities so that fluid flowing in the second direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place. In the third embodiment described above, the heating system further comprises two guide channels that are located in those diametrically opposed corner areas where the flow nozzles are missing and which connect the upper and lower plates and have specified the width and length in the first and second directions. The technical result of the invention is to provide a heating system in which the heating fluid is distributed evenly. 3 S. and 14 C.p. f-crystals, 12 ill.

Scope

The present invention relates to a heating system, in KEMA heating, using plate heating panel having a cavity between the upper and lower plates, and the process of heating is carried out thanks to the flow of heating fluid through the said cavity.

The level of technology

Traditionally used in homes heating system is so designed that uses pipes, laid in a layer of foam placed on the concrete floor. A heating fluid such as hot water, is supplied through these pipes to effect the heating. However, it is expected to increase the use of heating systems precast containing lamellar heating panel, which can be linked with each other and within which there is a cavity in which fluid flows. Compared to pipe design panel design is easier to manufacture and repair, while it provides the best heat output, since there is no heat loss through the concrete.

In U.S. patent No. 5080166 related to this design with the heating panels described lamellar heating element containing spacer elements, which are located between the upper and lower plates and opposing forces on the options are specific preferred way.

However, according to the results of model tests carried out by the author of this application, it was found that after the flow of the heating fluid medium, given a certain direction, the specified fluid is distributed in this heating element evenly. This is due to the fact that the cavity between the spacer elements are connected to each other in a certain direction across the heating element.

In addition, in diametrically opposite corners of the heating element nozzles are provided for the fluid (hereinafter, flow nozzles) through which a heating fluid is supplied into each of these heating elements and is removed from it. However, in the other two corners (i.e., in the corners where these connections are not available) there is reduction in the rate of flow of the heating fluid medium.

Therefore, the heating fluid is not flowing freely through the corners, where the flow nozzles are missing, and thus the temperature of these zones is reduced. In the heating element can also be formed bubbles due to turbulence in the corners, and then the smooth flow of the heating fluid to ensure that it is not possible. Resultats.

The invention

One purpose of the present invention is to provide a plate of the heating panels, which are supplied to the heating fluid is distributed evenly.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a plate of the heating panels, in which the rate of flow of the heating fluid in the corners, where there is no flow nozzles, increased, so as to prevent the accumulation of fluid in these corners.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a heating system that uses a connecting device for connection of the heating panels and their cavities so that the heating fluid could flow consistently through the specified bar.

To achieve these goals, the present invention provides a heating system including a heating panels, each of which includes an essentially rectangular upper and lower plates are installed opposite one another with formation of a cavity between them, supporting elements, which are designed to connect the upper and lower plates and each of which has a predetermined size and raspolodeno opposite corners of the upper and lower plates, and connecting elements for connection flow pipe adjacent the heating panels to provide a continuous flow of heating fluid through the heating panel. These supporting elements evenly spaced in the first direction parallel to the long side of the upper and lower plates, and in the second direction parallel to the short side of these plates, thereby forming the first and second rows of cavities corresponding to the specified first and second directions, and the heating system comprises at least one scattering element located in one place in the first and second rows of cavities corresponding flow pipe and carrying out the dispersion of the heating fluid medium.

Preferably supporting elements spaced evenly along the Central axis of the flow pipe at a specified distance from them, and include a first support element that is closest to one of these pipes. The scattering element is located where the heating fluid dissipates the first supporting element.

Preferably the dispersing element includes a first dispersive element, rareplane after hitting the first supporting element, encounters him in the first place, and the second dispersive element located in one place in the second row of cavities so that fluid flowing in the second direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place.

Preferably, each of the supporting and diffusing elements formed by two concave areas, which are located in the respective zones of the upper and lower plates are concave so that these zones of the upper and lower plates touch each other to form thereby a corresponding support or scattering element.

Brief description of drawings

The accompanying drawings are included in the application materials and components for their part, illustrate an embodiment of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of this invention. In these drawings:

Fig.1 depicts a top view of the Assembly of the heating system in accordance with the preferred implementation of the present invention;

Fig.2 depicts a magnified view shown in Fig.1 the coupling element;

Fig.3 depicts a perspective view of the heating panel in accordance with the first preferably is .3 heating panel, used to describe the supporting element;

Fig.5 depicts a section along the line a-a in Fig.3;

Fig.6 depicts an enlarged view of the part shown in Fig.3 heating panel used to describe the scattering elements;

Fig.7 depicts an enlarged view of the part shown in Fig.3 heating panels used to describe the distribution of the heating fluid;

Fig.8 depicts a top view of the heating panel corresponding to a second preferred variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig.9 depicts an enlarged view of the part shown in Fig.8 heating panel used to describe the guide channel;

Fig.10 and 11 depict the top of the heating panels, corresponding to an additional preferred options for implementation of the present invention, and

Fig.12 depicts a side view of the heating panel comprising an insulation layer.

Below is a detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig.1 depicts a top view of the Assembly of the heating system, the corresponding preferred variant implementation of the present invention, and Fig.2 izobilnyi panel 2, having an internal space, i.e., cavity (in these drawings not shown), through which flows the heating fluid medium, and connecting elements 4, for connecting these panels 2 in a single block, thus creating a flow path between the panels 2. Preferably, each of the heating panel 2 made of thermoplastic material, so that it is easier to produce and easier to mould than the conventional design of the metal pipes. The heating panel 2 attached to the plate like shape, so that the current inside them heating fluid heats a large area of the floor (or wall, or ceiling).

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the heating panel 2 are rectangular and have a long and short side. Each panel 2 at two diametrically opposite corners with two flow connecting pipe 6. Through these nozzles 6 is filing and release of heating fluid. The heating plates 2 are located with the formation of a continuous structure, and the flow-through pipe 6 adjacent panels 2 are connected in the common area. The connecting elements 4 and connect the two pipe 6 adjacent the sustained fashion tube 8 and two legs 10, mounted on opposite ends of the tube 8. The inner diameter of the above knees 10 is slightly greater than the external diameter of the connecting tube 8 and the flowing nozzles 6 heating panels 2, and the Assembly of the tribe of 10 wear with some effort on the tube 8 and the nozzles 6 into them at a specified distance. Knee 10 made of the same thermoplastic material as the heating panel 2, so that during Assembly of the heating system they through a process of heat fusion joining these panels in the position in which they cover flow pipe 6, to form with them a whole.

With this design of the heating system the heating fluid supplied to its input, sequentially passes through the heating panel 2 by means of connecting elements 4 and then is discharged from the system via its output. The direction of flow of the heating fluid medium is shown in dashed arrows in Fig.2.

In such a heating system is of modular type, it is extremely important that each of the heating panel 2 ensured the smooth flow of the heating fluid medium, and not to the detriment of the characteristics that define thermal efficiency, and the occupational groups are supported uniform heat distribution panels 2.

Fig.3 depicts a perspective view of the heating panel corresponding to the first preferred variant implementation of the present invention, Fig.4 depicts an enlarged view of part of a heating panel shown in Fig.3, and Fig.5 depicts a cross-section along the line a-a in Fig.3.

In the drawings it is seen that the heating panel 2 includes a top plate 14 and bottom plate 16, set against each other with the formation of internal cavities 12, the supporting elements 18 having a predetermined size and spaced from each other by a specified distance, and two flow-through pipe 6.

Preferably each support element 18 is formed by a pair of concave zones 20, namely the specified zone 20, which constitute each specified pair, are located in the respective zones of the upper plate 14 and lower plate 16 and concave, so that these zones are the top 14 and bottom 16 of the plates in contact with each other with the formation thereby of the corresponding supporting element 18.

Supporting elements 18 prevent deformation of the upper and lower plates 14 and 16 under the influence of external forces and lead to the formation of cavities 12 through which flows the heating fluid medium, namely the above cavity 12 formed by roochnik nozzles 6, flows through the cavity 12 between the upper and lower plates 14 and 16, passing the thus heat the space outside the upper plate 14, as shown by the dotted arrows in Fig.5.

Supporting elements 18 provide resistance to flow of the heating fluid medium, and in consequence, it is evenly distributed inside the heating panel 2. During the heating fluid supplied to the panel 2, are strongly influenced by the size of the supporting elements 18, the distance between these elements and their order.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention supporting elements 18 are formed concave zones 20, having essentially the shape of a cylinder of a certain diameter, and are arranged with predetermined intervals in the horizontal direction (x direction in Fig.3) and vertical (direction y in Fig.3). Preferably, the distances D1 and D2 between the support elements 18 respectively in the horizontal and vertical directions, and the diameter D of the concave zones 20, forming these elements 18, were identical.

The Central axis of each of the flow-through pipe 6, through which is supplied and removed the heating fluid is n 14 and 16, forming an angle where one particular pipe 6. Therefore, the heating fluid supplied through one of the nozzles 6, distributed support elements 18 moving through the heating panel 2.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention opposite to the flow of the nozzles 6 are scattering elements that dissipate the fluid. Fig.6 and 7 depict an enlarged view of part of a heating panel shown in Fig.3. To distinguish the supporting elements 18 and scattering elements 22 and 24 from the cavities 12, these elements 18, 22 and 24 on these drawings are shaded.

Preferably, each of the scattering element 22 and 24 formed by two concave areas 20 as well as supporting elements 18.

As supporting elements 18 uniformly at specified distances, are located in horizontal and vertical directions, the cavities 12 are continuously in the specified horizontal and vertical directions opposite to the nozzles 6.

The first scattering element 22 is located opposite the flow pipe 6 in one place in the first row of cavities, which takes place in the horizontal direction and the axis of which is shown by line D, and th, which runs in the vertical direction and the axis of which is shown by the line E.

In addition, the center of the first scattering element 22 is not in line with other support elements 18 in the horizontal direction, and the center of the second dispersive element 24 is not in line with other support elements 18 in the vertical direction.

Therefore, the first scattering element 22 is located so that the first row of cavities (line D in the drawings) is not flowing directly to the pipe 6 and the second dispersive element 24 is located so that the second row of cavities (line E in the drawing) is also not directly to the specified pipe 6, thereby dissipating heating the fluid accumulated in these cavities.

Speaking more in detail, the supporting elements 18 evenly spaced in horizontal and vertical directions (directions x and y) of the heating panel 2, as well as along the Central axis (z-direction in the drawing) of the flow-through pipe 6. Between the supporting elements 18 along the Central axis of the flow pipe 6, in places where the flow of the heating fluid medium is divided first support element 26, are the first and them to the pipe 6).

That is, the first scattering element 22 is located in one place in the first row of cavities (line D in the drawing) so that fluid flowing in a horizontal direction after it hits the first support element 26, encountering him in the first place. The second dispersive element 24 is located in the same place in the second row of cavities (line E in the drawing) so that fluid flowing in the vertical direction after it hits the first support element 26, encountering him in the first place.

The relative location of the first support element 26 and the first and second scattering elements 22 and 24 are described in more detail with reference to Fig.6. The line, which is tangent to both the first support element 26 and to the first scattering element 22 (the dotted line In the drawing) parallel to the horizontal direction, and the line which is tangent to both the first support element 26 and the second dispersive element 24 (dotted line in the drawing) parallel to the vertical direction. These two tangents intersect at right angles at the point closest to the first supporting alkli heating panel 2 of the heating fluid medium inside this panel runs along the Central axis of the flow pipe 6 and the first hits on the first support element 26. As a consequence, the flow of the specified environment is deflected in the horizontal and vertical directions.

Fluid flowing in a horizontal direction, again deviates up and down (see drawing) the first dispersion element 22 around him, and thus its flow, moving in a horizontal direction, scatters. Fluid flowing in the vertical direction after it hits the first support element 26, is again deflected to the left and to the right (see drawing) the second dispersive element 24 around him, and thus scatters its flow, moving in a vertical direction. After that, the flow of the fluid divided by the first and second scattering elements 22 and 24 are repeatedly divided the supporting elements 18 arranged in horizontal and vertical directions.

When the above-described internal construction of the heating panel 2, the flow of the heating fluid initially rejected the first support element 26, and then re-dispersed in horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, the first and second scattering elements 22 and 24. As a result of the heating fluid supplied through the flow-through pipe 6, bentov 22 and 24, located in the zones opposite the flow nozzle 6, as described above, the proposed heating panel 2 may also include guide channels located at the two corners where the flow nozzles 6 are missing.

Fig.8 depicts a top view of the heating panel corresponding to a second preferred variant implementation of the present invention, and Fig.9 depicts an enlarged view of part of a heating panel shown in Fig.8. The heating panel 2' includes first and second guide channels 28 and 30 that are located in those corner areas where flow nozzles 6 are missing.

Each guide channel 28 and 30, first and second, formed by two concave areas located in the respective zones of the upper plate 14 and lower plate 16 and recessed so that they touch each other with the formation of the most relevant of these channels 28 and 30. The first and second guide channels 28 and 30 are located at a given distance from the corners of the heating panel 2' and have specified the width and length in the horizontal and vertical directions.

Preferably these channels 28 and 30 have a width W that is essentially equal to the diameter D of the supporting elements 18, and the length L in Gori is derivagem elements 18 (i.e., the length L greater than the diameter D of the supporting elements 18 is approximately six to ten times).

The first and second guide channels 28 and 30 reduce resistance to the flow of the heating fluid in the corners of the heating panel 2' where they are located, thereby increasing the rate of flow in this environment. These channels 28 and 30 are also directed to heating the fluid in the zone where it emerges from the heating panel 2'. Therefore, the heating panel 2' comprising first and second guide channels 28 and 30, prevents the accumulation of the heating fluid in the corners and the occurrence of bubbles due to turbulence. This allows for a more uniform distribution of heat throughout the heating panel 2'.

Preferably, the ratio of long and short sides of the rectangular heating panels 2 was in the range of from 1.5:1 to 3:1. Such dimensions necessary for the following reason. Since the Central axis of the flow nozzles 6 are arranged at an angle of 45° to the respective adjacent sides of the heating panel 2, if the specified panel 2 has a square shape, that is made in the shape of a regular square, the fluid flow from two di is in the center of these panels 2. This will lead to uneven heating of the fluid inside the panels 2.

Referring to Fig.10 and 11, it should be noted that the heating panel 2" in addition to the above-described rectangular shape may be in the form of a polygon, i.e., five - or octagon. It makes it easier to achieve continuous arrangement of the heating panel 2 when the Assembly of the heating system.

In Fig.12 depicts one of the above-described heating panels 2, which has the insulating layer 32 located below the bottom plate 16 and is made, for example, of polystyrene. This allows you to simplify the process of laying the heating panels 2 on the floor of the building, flats and so on Insulating layer 32 also minimizes heat loss from the heating panel 2 and compensates for the height difference of flow nozzles 6 relative to the upper and lower plates 14 and 16.

The heating fluid which is fed into the heating panel corresponding to the present invention and having a supportive and scattering elements and the guide channels are distributed more evenly, and thus achieves a more uniform distribution of heat across the surface of these heating panels. To heat the heat transfer efficiency is increased.

Although the above described preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be clearly understood that in its basic concepts outlined in this proposal, specialists can be made numerous changes and/or modifications not beyond the scope of the invention installed in the attached claims.

Claims

1. Heating system containing a heating panels, each of which includes an essentially rectangular upper and lower plates are installed opposite one another with formation of a cavity between them, supporting elements, which are designed to connect the upper and lower plates and each of which has a predetermined area and is situated at a distance from the adjacent supporting elements, and two flow nozzles arranged in two diametrically opposite corners of the upper and lower plates, and connecting elements for connection flow pipe adjacent the heating panels to provide a continuous flow of heating fluid through the heating panel, when this supporting elements evenly spaced in the first direction, parallel to the plates, thereby forming the first and second rows of cavities corresponding to the specified first and second directions, and the heating system further comprises at least one scattering element located in one place in the first and second rows of cavities corresponding flow pipe and carrying out the dispersion of the heating fluid medium.

2. Heating under item 1, in which the scattering element contains the first dispersive element located in one place in the first row of cavities opposite the flow pipe, and the second dispersive element located in one place in the second row of cavities opposite the flow pipe.

3. Heating system on p. 2, in which the first and second scattering elements are not in line with the supporting elements located respectively in first and second directions.

4. Heating system on p. 2, in which the supporting elements spaced evenly along the Central axis of the flow pipe at a specified distance from them, and include a first support element that is closest to one of these sockets, and the first and second scattering elements are located in places where otapi the first dispersive element is located in one place in the first row of cavities thus, that fluid flowing in the first direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place, and the second dispersive element is located in one place in the second row of cavities so that fluid flowing in the second direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place.

6. Heating under item 1, in which each support element is formed by two concave areas, which are located in the respective zones of the upper and lower plates are concave so that these zones of the upper and lower plates in contact with each other with the formation thereby of the respective support element.

7. Heating system on p. 6, in which the concave zones are essentially cylindrical, and the distance between two adjacent concave areas in the first and second directions is equal to the diameter of these concave areas.

8. Heating system on p. 2, in which each scattering element, the first and the second, formed by two concave areas, which are located in the respective zones of the upper and lower plates are concave so that these zones of the upper and lower plates in contact with each other with obrazovanju guide channels, located at a specified distance from the edges of the heating panel in those diametrically opposed corner areas where the flow nozzles are missing, and which connect the upper and lower plates and have specified the width and length in the first and second directions.

10. Heating under item 9, in which the width of the first and second guide channels, essentially equal to the diameter of the supporting elements, and their length in one direction, the first or second exceeds the diameter of the supporting elements in 6-10 times.

11. Heating under item 1, in which the heating panels are rectangular and the ratio of the size of their long and short sides is in the range from 1.5:1 to 3:1.

12. Heating under item 1, in which the heating panels are multilateral, i.e. have four sides and possibly the majority of them.

13. Heating under item 1, also containing insulating layer placed between the bottom plate and the floor on which you installed the heating panel.

14. Heating system containing a heating panels, each of which includes an essentially rectangular upper and lower plates are mounted opposite one another to form between them which has a predetermined area and is situated at a distance from the adjacent supporting elements, and two flow nozzles arranged in two diametrically opposite corners of the upper and lower plates, and connecting elements for connection flow pipe adjacent the heating panels to provide a continuous flow of heating fluid through the heating panel, with supporting elements evenly spaced in the first direction parallel to the long side of the upper and lower plates, and in the second direction parallel to the short side of these plates, thereby forming the first and second rows of cavities corresponding to the specified first and second directions, and spaced evenly along the Central axis of the flow tube and includes a first supporting element, closest to one of the specified flow nozzles, the heating system further comprises a first diffusing element located in one place in the first row of cavities so that fluid flowing in the first direction after it hits the first supporting element, encountering him in the first place, and the second dispersive element located in one place in the second row of cavities so that fluid is erwou the queue.

15. Heating system containing a heating panels, each of which includes an essentially rectangular upper and lower plates are installed opposite one another with formation of a cavity between them, supporting elements, which are designed to connect the upper and lower plates and each of which has a predetermined area and is situated at a distance from the adjacent supporting elements, and two flow nozzles arranged in two diametrically opposite corners of the upper and lower plates, and connecting elements for connection flow pipe adjacent the heating panels to provide a continuous flow of heating fluid through the heating panel, when this supporting elements evenly spaced in the first direction parallel to the long side of the upper and lower plates, and in the second direction parallel to the short side of these plates, thereby forming the first and second rows of cavities corresponding to the specified first and second directions, and the heating system further comprises at least one scattering element located in one place in the first and second row of cavities on the guide channel, who are those diametrically opposed corner areas where the flow nozzles are missing, and which connect the upper and lower plates and have specified the width and length in the first and second directions.

16. Heating under item 15, in which the scattering element contains the first dispersive element located in one place in the first row of cavities opposite the flow pipe, and the second dispersive element located in one place in the second series of cavities opposite the flow pipe.

17. Heating under item 15, in which the width of the guide channels, essentially equal to the diameter of the supporting elements, and their length in one direction, the first or second exceeds the diameter of the supporting elements in 6-10 times.



 

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