The invention relates to the field of construction and building materials and can be used in housing construction in the construction of the wall frame structures. Effect: increase the reliability of wall fencing of the blocks. Wall fencing consists of blocks having at least one Central vertical hole for installation of the connecting pads, the end faces of the blocks are made with vertical grooves formed in the clutch butt vertical holes of equal cross-section with a Central vertical holes for the installation of connection pads, and the blocks are made with two additional longitudinal vertical holes placed symmetrically on the side of the center hole along the outer side, into which are inserted the connecting pads. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.
The invention relates to the field of construction and building materials and can be used in housing construction in the construction of the wall frame structures.
In the prior art it is known wall fencing, made of blocks with vertical holes, in the cat the Oia can be attributed to the absence of fixation blocks on the ends, which reduces the strength of the structure.
The invention is directed to improving the reliability of wall fencing of the blocks.
The solution of this problem is provided by the fact that walling in the fence, consisting of blocks with vertical holes, in which are mounted the connecting inserts according to the invention, the blocks have at least one Central vertical hole for installation of the connecting pads, the end faces of the blocks are made with vertical grooves which, when the clutch form a vertical butt hole of the same cross-section with a Central vertical holes for the installation of connection pads.
While the blocks are made with two additional longitudinal vertical holes placed symmetrically on the side of the center hole along the outer side, into which are inserted the longitudinal connecting pads.
In addition, when the clutch with ligation of half the length of the block Central vertical hole aligned with vertical butt holes to form through vertical channels for the installation of connection pads.
Preferably, the Central and vertical butt hole would be the length of the longitudinal vertical holes larger than the distance between the Central vertical hole and a vertical groove.
The claimed design wall cladding due to the presence of vertical end grooves, in which are mounted the connecting pads, has the high strength characteristics without increasing sophistication of masonry.
The drawing shows a General view of the wall fence.
Wall enclosure contains blocks 1 with a Central vertical hole 2, mostly rectangular (or more additional vertical symmetrically positioned holes (not shown), and vertical grooves 3 on the end surfaces, the cross section of which is half of the cross-section of the Central vertical hole 2. When masonry blocks 1 vertical grooves 3 form a vertical butt holes 4 of the same cross-section with a Central vertical hole 2, which establish the connection pads 5. While laying with ligation of half the length of the block 1 is a Central vertical hole 2 are combined with vertical butt holes 4 and form through channels, which establish the connection pads 5, the length L which is preferably equal to the height H of the block 1.
When this blocks 1 completed with two additional PR is her hand, in which are inserted the longitudinal connecting pads 7, and the length of the longitudinal vertical hole b is larger than the distance d between the Central vertical hole 2 and a vertical groove 3. In addition, you can perform longitudinal connecting pads 7 and the connecting pads 5 of insulating material that provides the function “heat lock”.
1. Wall fencing, consisting of blocks having at least one Central vertical hole for installation of the connecting pads, the end faces of the blocks are made with vertical grooves formed in the clutch butt vertical holes of equal cross-section with a Central vertical holes for the installation of connection pads, wherein the blocks are made with two additional longitudinal vertical holes placed symmetrically on the side of the center hole along the outer side, in which is inserted a connecting ear.
2. Wall fencing under item 1, characterized in that when the clutch with ligation of half the length of the block Central vertical hole combined with butt ver>. Wall fencing on p. 2, characterized in that the Central vertical and butt holes are made rectangular, and the length of the connecting pads is equal to the height of the blocks.
4. Wall enclosure according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the length of the longitudinal vertical holes larger than the distance between the Central vertical hole and a vertical groove.
FIELD: construction, particularly outer load-bearing walling structures of buildings and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: building wall formed of small building members comprises outer and inner layers and metal inserts. The wall additionally has vertical stiffening diaphragm plates. Metal inserts have Z-shaped cross-sections and are periodically spaced along wall plane. Flanges of the inserts are arranged in inner and outer wall layers correspondingly so that vertical middle face works in shear and folded flanges located on masonry plate work in crush. Metal inserts unite inner and outer wall layers along stiffening diaphragm plates in single structure.
EFFECT: increased wall maintainability and reliability of cooperation between masonry members.
2 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: building unit production.
SUBSTANCE: building system comprises building units with fixing members made as extensions and depressions. Building units are formed as sectors arranged in horizontal plane and forming a circle. The sectors may be added in length in vertical direction. Centers of fixing members are located on concentric circle and spaced equal distances one from another. Some sectors facing circle centre form cylindrical cavity for fastening rod receiving during system lengthening.
EFFECT: simplified building unit transportation, reduced material consumption, increased convenience of system installation in confined area.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly composite and cast-in-place building erection, for outer load-bearing structure heat insulation due to elimination of cold penetration through joints of reinforced concrete floor structure with load-bearing walls and/or columns.
SUBSTANCE: envelope wall structure includes end surfaces of load-bearing members arranged between cast-in-place reinforced concrete floor panels and blocks fastened one to another with concrete and arranged between floor panels. The structure also has heat insulation. The blocks project outwards with respect to end surfaces of load-bearing members for a distance of not less than 1/6 of block width. The heat insulation is arranged in depressions. Depression walls are defined in vertical direction by end projected surfaces of blocks and load-bearing members and in horizontal direction by lower and upper projected surfaces of blocks and end surfaces of reinforced concrete floor panels.
EFFECT: simplified structure and reduced costs of wall envelope structure, increased thermal properties and elimination of cold joints between floor structure and load-bearing walls.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate hollow blocks.
SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural material in staggered order. Blocks are connected with each other in horizontal plane with at least one reinforcement frame having reinforcement bars connected with each other by means of structural material in crossing points thereof.
EFFECT: increased wall panel quality, improved labor productivity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate block rows.
SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural and heat-insulation materials. The panel is constituted of vertical tier block rows, wherein at least two block rows located one adjacent another in horizontal plane are provided with at least one reinforcement bar in longitudinal direction and with anchors in transversal direction. Reinforcement bars and anchors are secured in cavities of adjacent blocks forming tier rows, wherein the cavities are filled with structural material.
EFFECT: increased heat insulation quality, output and assemblage capacity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of block or other shape for the construction of building walls having necessary thermal resistance for different usage environment.
SUBSTANCE: building member is shaped as rectangular parallelepiped provided with slots made in building member faces. Each building member face surface has relief projections forming parallel ridges with slots to be filled with mortar. Each ridge is joined with other ridges formed on surfaces of adjacent faces along ridge edges so that united ridge is created around building member perimeter. The united ridge has longitudinal section parallel to one vertical face. Each face surface has at least two parallel ridges spaced equal distances from face edges. Wall erection method is also disclosed.
EFFECT: provision of uniform strength, improved manufacturability, increased heat-shielding properties of wall to be erected along with increased technological efficiency of the masonry, decreased wall thickness and decreased mortar usage.
6 cl, 1 tbl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to low-rise and cottage construction with application of multi-layer construction blocks that meet the highest requirements to decorative outside lining of buildings, heat and sound insulation of premises, for instance, prefabricated residential buildings, cottages and other structures. Building wall assembled from set of different construction blocks that consists of row, angular and intermediate blocks that are installed in rows, joined to each other in a certain manner and fixed between each other. Every block consists of decorative layer, bearing layer and heat insulating layer provided in between, which are fixed to each other with polymer rods. Angular blocks are provided of two types, at that the first type is arranged with L-shaped location of decorative and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the back facet of the block, at that bearing layer is made as shortened with one end that projects to side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of front layer of angular block short shelf is selected as equal to block thickness. The second type of angular unit is arranged with L-shaped location of bearing and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the front facet of the block, at that decorative layer is shortened with one end that projects to the side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to the short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of bearing layer of the angular block short shelf is selected as equal to the block thickness. Intermediate blocks are installed in the zone of window and door openings of the wall and are provided of three types, at that the first type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facet formed with projecting decorative layer, and side link that connects bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them in stepped side facet, and the second type of intermediate blocks is arranged as shortened in length that is multiple to half of block length from the side of its front facet, and the third type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facets that are formed by projecting decorative layer, and side links that connect bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them on both stepped side facets. Method is also described for erection of building wall.
EFFECT: simplification of construction blocks design in set and technology of wall erection with observance of all required technical and technological parameters, optimisation of number of blocks in set, increase of masonry strength characteristics and reduction of construction cost.
2 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: external wall of cottage that contains protective layer from fine-sized blocks, medium layer of aerated concrete and internal layer of sheet materials joined to protective layer. It is provided with monolithic reinforced concrete frame arranged in the form of columns row inside the wall on building foundation, which are connected to each other with monolithic reinforced concrete belt along building perimeter in the form of flat plates that embrace columns and have reinforcing projections passing through column reinforcing carcass, and having cavities of diamond and triangle shape filled with thermal inserts from heat insulating material, at that width of plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.
EFFECT: increase of strength, provision of possibility to erect buildings directly in construction site, reduction of costs with simultaneous provision of strength and convenience.
4 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the sphere of construction and may be employed in brick work of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks performed on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with 1-3 mm seam thickness. Brickwork of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks is made on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with seam thickness of 1-3 mm. Brickwork includes also reinforcing rods set in the slots. Slots are arranged in the blocks in the level of horizontal seams of the brickwork and are filled in with concrete or mortar. Reinforcing rods press glass-net to the bottom of the slots. Glass-net is set in the thin layer mortar and covers the entire horizontal surface of the brickwork seams.
EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of the brickwork of the walls of small cellular-concrete blocks.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to methods of walls erection. Method of masonry that stipulates for binding of construction element adjacent sides by masonry mortar and thus shaping lower horizontal row of wall, further formation of other above-located horizontal rows of wall with bonding by means of construction element adjacent facets binding by masonry mortar from the ones laid in every horizontal row located below, and from other construction elements that form the new horizontal row, with the possibility to form heat accumulating hollows between facets of construction elements of neighboring rows. Besides after formation of every horizontal row of wall, at first rows of strings are placed on this row on top along its length, parallel to erected wall, and masonry mortar is applied in strips above every row of strings, thus forming longitudinal channels parallel to wall on surfaces of horizontal rows from construction elements between rows of strings, and the channels form chambers of heat accumulating cavities inside the wall during masonry mortar hardening between joined surfaces of neighboring horizontal rows of construction elements.
EFFECT: provision of heat-shielding properties of erected wall and masonry manufacturability, reduction of erected wall thickness and lower consumption of masonry mortar.
4 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg