Dual console sprinkling unit
The invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to a mobile irrigation technology irrigation drip irrigation. The unit includes chassis with swivel-mounted on it two consoles farm. Every console made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal trusses. The left and right part of the farm have a flexible belt, struts and braces. Sprinkler nozzles are mounted on a rigid water conveyance belt, combined with the horizontal parts of the farm. The chassis is equipped with front and rear cross beams. Beams secured to the side members of the unit. The left and right console farms placed on the rear cross beam can be rotated each console around a vertical axis of rotation vertical farm console. The horizontal part of the farms are connected by a transfer mechanisms consoles in the transport position with the front cross beam. A flexible belt is hydraulically connected with the vertical consoles farms and pump unit through a flow divider water U-neck knee. The invention improves the stability of the sprinkler dual console unit in the transport position and reduces labor costs and time on periode-break-before:always;">
The invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to a mobile irrigation technique for drip irrigation sprinkler.
The known method of translation frontal farm installed dual console sprinkler Assembly from the operating position to transport position and back , including the separation of pumping from water conveyance pipeline farm and its rotation around the vertical axis of symmetry of the tractor by rolling slewing farm support rollers of the frame of the sprinkler unit. This method is implemented in designs dual console sprinkler units model DDA-100 MA.
The disadvantages of this method include the rigid connection of the farm to the frame of the tractor, resulting in a large (invalid) angular oscillation of the unit when moving on roads and limited visibility from the cab attached to the tractor.
The closest technical solution is irrigation unit cantilever type , including suspension with swivel-mounted on it two consoles, each of which is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal trusses, flexible, belt, rack, struts, and dogdeball the Oia, and for furrow irrigation, and reducing the weight of the unit, each console is further provided with hard water conveyance belt on which you installed watering nozzles and ground support, as well as the horizontal elements of the farm, and which is rigidly connected with the water conveyance belt vertical farm with layout of sprinkler nozzles at the ends of the racks horizontal and vertical farms in connection with flexible belts fastened by a stabilizing pendants, and racks vertical farm is equipped with articulated supports.
The disadvantages of the unit are limited opportunities for transport.
The objective of the invention is to develop a design sprinkler unit with high resistance in the transport position.
This task is achieved by the dual console Assembly including a chassis with a hinge mounted on it two consoles, each of which is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal trusses, flexible, belt, rack, struts, and sprinkler nozzles on the hard water conveyance belt, the chassis is equipped with front and rear cross beams attached to the spars Vokrug vertical axis of rotation vertical farm console and are connected by a transfer mechanisms consoles farms in the transport position with the front transverse beam, the flexible belt is hydraulically connected with the vertical consoles farms and pump through the flow divider of water and a U-shaped bend. The left and right parts of the farm are placed on the transverse beam of the chassis Assembly and kinematically linked by the translation mechanism consoles farms in the transport position and Vice versa.
Design dual console sprinkler Assembly shown in Fig.1-3.
In Fig.1 schematically shows a dual console sprinkling unit, rear view.
In Fig.2 - the same, left side view.
In Fig.3 - same view in the plan.
Dual console sprinkling unit (Fig.1-3) includes a chassis 1 with a hinge-mounted on it two consoles 2 and 3. Each console 2, 3 made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical frames 4, 5 and horizontal trusses 6, 7. Farm 4-7 have a flexible belt 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, the rack 14 and 15, braces 16 and 17. Hard water conveyance belt horizontal trusses 6 and 7 posted by sprinkler nozzles 18. The intake device 19 is mounted on the back of the slice chassis 1 of the unit through the l-shaped lever 20. The intake device 19 is equipped with a lifting mechanism. The lifting mechanism of the diversion device 19 is hydraulically connected with the Central section g of the CTL 21 and 22 secured to the side members of the unit. The left and right console 2 and 3 are placed on the rear cross beam 22 can be rotated each console 2, 3 around the vertical axis of rotation vertical farm 4, 5 console 2 and 3. Horizontal farm 6 and 7 are connected by mechanisms 23 and 24 with the front transverse beam 21. Horizontal trusses 6 and 7 in the transport position, the unit is locked mechanically to the side members of the chassis 1. Mechanisms 23 and 24 are made in the form of hydraulic power cylinders double-acting, hydraulically connected to the high pressure hoses on the left and right sections of the valve of the chassis 1. Flexible belt 25 and 26 are hydraulically connected with the vertical consoles farms 4 and 5 and the pump 27 by means of the divider 28 of the flow of irrigation water and a U-shaped elbow 29.
Dual console sprinkling unit operates as follows.
When watering by sprinkler irrigation water from the open channel intake device 19 when the pump 27 is served first under pressure in the U-shaped elbow 29 and then through the divider 28 of the flow of irrigation water is directed to a flexible belt 25 and 26. Flexible belt 25 and 26 are hydraulically connected with the vertical and horizontal trusses 4 and 5, 6 and 7 of the left and right of the console. Sprinkler nasadq the ü irrigated plot. When completing this section of the sprinkler unit is moved to another irrigated field. To do this, turn off the mechanical pump drive 27. Then the hydraulic drive to the t-shaped lever 20 intake device 19 is switched to the off position. Next, sequentially include a hydraulic drive mechanisms 29 and 24. When the retraction of the rod of the hydraulic actuator 23 through the fist rotates around a vertical axis of symmetry vertical farm 4 horizontal farm 6 left console 2. Horizontal farm 6 is placed along the left side member of the chassis 1 and is mechanically fixed. In the same way lead right horizontal farm 7 in the transport position. The transverse beam 22 on the side members of the chassis 1 is placed in the immediate vicinity of the center of oscillation of the tractor.
Sprinkling unit in operating position leads in the reverse order.
When moving the sprinkler units on roads the design in the transport position has minimum dimensions and subject to the minimum angular fluctuations in the longitudinal-vertical plane of symmetry of the Assembly.
The sources of information.
1. A. C. the USSR №167700, a 01 G 25/09, op. BI No. 2, 1965.
2. A. C. the USSR №753400, And at, includes chassis with swivel-mounted on it two consoles, each of which is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal trusses, flexible, belt, rack, struts, and sprinkler nozzles on the hard water conveyance belt, wherein the chassis is provided with front and rear cross beams attached to the side members of the unit, the left and right console farms placed on the rear cross beam can be rotated each console around a vertical axis of rotation vertical farm console and are connected by a transfer mechanisms consoles farms in the transport position with the front transverse beam, the flexible belt is hydraulically connected with the vertical consoles farms and pump through the flow divider of water and a U-shaped knee.
2. Unit p. 1, wherein the intake device equipped with a lifting mechanism mounted on the rear of the slice chassis Assembly through the l-shaped lever.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.
SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.
SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.
EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.
EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.
EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.
EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.
7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.
SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.