The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water and produce steam. The objective of the invention is the provision of an efficient heat water and produce steam heat generator of simplified construction without the use of traditional coolants and without the cost of electricity with high efficiency. The problem is solved in that the heat generator includes a housing having a longitudinal through, placed tangentially to the inner surface of the slotted holes, matching the orientation of the cross-section (input - output) with the direction of movement of the water, and the cylinder on the inner side of which has a screw channels for water flow. When the water passes through the spiral channels with the inlet pressure 2 to 6 bar is heated water outlet temperature of 95°C. or higher to form a pair. 2 Il.
The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water and produce steam for industrial and domestic use.
The known device using the changes in physical and mechanical properties of water, in particular dilleniaceae", patent No. 2045715 consisting of a heat source, including accelerators of the fluid - bypass pipe and the cyclone, brakes, and power pump injection nozzle. The disadvantage of this device is high enough efficiency and decrease when the power of the device.
As the prototype is set to "mechanical Heat source", patent No. 2188366, consisting of tank and water heater, resulting in high-speed rotation of the motor. The disadvantage of the prototype is the presence of high rotational speeds (8000 or more revolutions per minute) of water.
The objective of the invention is the provision of an efficient heat water and produce steam heat generator of simplified construction without the use of traditional coolants with low cost of electricity with high efficiency.
The drawing shows a diagram of the heat source.
Heat (drawing) consists of a body 1, a cylinder 2 containing the inlet pipe 3 for supplying cold water, turning into an upper annular nozzle 4 for uniform distribution of the supplied cold water, the lower annular pipe 5 for collecting hot water and steam, fan 9 and valve 10 for draining the water.
The housing 1 has a longitudinal through, placed tangentially to the inner surface of the slotted openings 11, coinciding orientation in cross-section (input - output) with the direction of water movement. The cylinder 2 has on the inner surface of the spiral channels 12 to the water flow.
The generator works as follows. Cool the water supplied from the water under pressure through the inlet pipe 3 and an upper annular nozzle 4 into the channels 12, tending under the action of centrifugal force to the outer walls of the channel 12, with great speed, repeatedly passes through the sections of the channel 12, the mating with the outputs of the slot 11, the slot holes 11 and, respectively, inside the housing 1 in the result of air leaks creates negative pressure, strengthen the operation of the fan 9 and adjustable by the adjusting device of the discharge 8.
In moments of passage of water through the sections of the channel 12, the mating with the outputs of the slot 11, on the borders of zones of high pressure and exhaustion, according to well-known phenomenon that occurs during the adiabatic process, the local temperature in the border areas of the zones reaches high values, which leads to the heating water to the point of its exit from the channel will otuput, accordingly, hot water systems, heating, steam supply.
The advantages of the proposed generator are:
- simple design;
- there is no need to pump that creates pressure working environment, as enough water pressure of the water supply network from 2 to 6 bar;
- there is no need for the high-speed motor, since the conditions for heating water are located in a static position boiler design;
In accordance with the invention is made of a heat generator, comprising a housing with three slotted holes length L 82 mm and the height h of 0.7 mm, a cylinder with dimensions of D = 70 mm, height H 230 mm, with three channels for the passage of water, the height of the channel of 1.5 mm and a depth of 4 mm, set at an angle of 25° to the generatrix of the inner surface of the cylinder. When the pressure of water in 2 ATM and a temperature of 16°With the water temperature at the outlet port, the output will be 95°C, when the pressure of water more than 2 ATM is evaporation with the temperature of the outlet steam above 100°C.
The heat source consisting of a body having a regulator vacuum and crane DL the morning the surface of the cylinder is screw channels for water flow, and the housing has a longitudinal through, placed tangentially to the inner surface of the body of the slotted holes, the orientation of the cross-section which coincides with the direction of water movement.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.