Dual console sprinkling unit
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the means of irrigating crops. The unit contains a console attached to the top of the frame supporting elements in the form of cables and irrigation piping. Irrigation piping associated with the vehicle through a pumping installation. The pump unit has a floating intake valve. Irrigation pipe made of low pressure polyethylene. Irrigation pipe made up of sections of pipe length 4-6 m in diameter 120-160 mm pipe Ends covered by bandages. Within the end sections of pipes placed flanged nozzles. A pair of flanges mutually conjugate fasteners through the gasket. 5 Il.
The invention relates to machines for mechanization irrigation of crops.
Known sprinkling machine comprising a tractor, dual console farm and stabilization system of the farm in which to stabilize the position of the farm in the longitudinal and transverse tilts of the tractor, especially during its rotation, the farm attached to the tractor using a cardan suspension and stabilization system contains sensors longitudinal and operacoes certificate No. 274527. M a 01 CL G 25/00. Sprinkling machine / Century A. Anisimov, B. C. Dzyubenko, E. N. Nechaev, V. D. Murashov (USSR). - Application No. 1296811/30-15; Claimed 10.01.1969: Publ. 24.06.1970, bull. No. 21).
The disadvantages of this sprinkler include the complexity of the design and low technical reliability of power pipelines in the farm.
The closest analogue to the stated object is sprinkler installation comprising a cantilever attached to the top of the mast supporting element of the drip line, the free end of which is connected with the ground vehicle in which to expand operational capabilities and improve the efficiency of irrigation supporting element is designed as cable mounted with the possibility of axial movement and is provided free of pipeline section of variable length (SU inventor's certificate No. 1485459 A1, IPC4A 01 G 25/09. Sprinkler / S. C. Kibalnikov (USSR). - Application No. 4080272/30-15; Claimed 23.06.1986; Publ. 1989, bull. No. 21).
The disadvantages of the constructions described include the design complexity and low reliability.
The essence of the claimed invention is as follows.
The challenge aimed declared the first technical result is achieved by in known dual console sprinkler unit containing a console attached to the top of the frame supporting elements in the form of cables and irrigation piping associated with the vehicle through the pump installation according to the invention of irrigation pipe made of low pressure polyethylene in the form of segments of pipe length 4-6 m, the ends of which are covered by bandages, and within the end sections of pipes placed pipes with flanges, with a pair of flanges mutually conjugate fasteners through the strip.
The invention is illustrated by drawings.
In Fig.1 schematically shows a dual console sprinkling unit, type in the plan.
In Fig.2 - the same, rear view.
In Fig.3 - section a-a in Fig.1, the connection of the pipe ends by means of bandages and flanges.
In Fig.4 - section b-B in Fig.2, the position of the drip line on a bearing element.
In Fig.5 - section b-b In Fig.2, a transverse vertical section of the bearing member, the flanges and the drip line.
Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed invention are as follows.
Dual console sprinkler Assembly includes a console attached to the top 1 frame 2 supporting elements 3-ovcu 12. The pump unit 12 is equipped with a floating intake valve 13. On the irrigation pipeline 10 posted by sprinkler nozzles. Irrigation pipe 10 is made of low pressure polyethylene in the form of segments of pipe 14 with a length of 4-6 m in diameter 120-160 mm pipe End 14 is covered by a casing 15 and 16. Within the end sections of the pipes 14 posted by pipes 17 and a flange 18. A pair of flanges 18 are mutually associated fastening elements 19 through the gasket 20. Supporting member 21 is made of curved C-shaped profile with a length of 11.7 m Bearing elements 21 have flanges 22 and 23. The flanges 22 and 23 are interconnected by bolts placed in the holes 24. The bearing elements 21 along with supporting elements 3-9 form a spatial console cable 25 and 26. On bearing elements 21 are stacked irrigation pipelines 10. The flanges 22 and 23 holds the irrigation pipe 10 in the working position. Easy Assembly flanges 18 with integral pipe 11 provide helical grooves 27 on the surface of the nozzles 17.
Dual console sprinkling unit operates as follows. From the open channel 28 (see Fig.1 and 2) irrigation water is floating valve 13. If the pump 12, the pressurized water is fed into the irrigation pipe 10. When the pressure transportnogo field.
The implementation of the irrigation pipe 10 from the pipe 14, which used low-pressure polyethylene, can simplify the design of the sprinkler unit, to reduce its consumption. Pipe 14 is not subject to corrosion. When replacing the tubes 14 with sprinkler nozzles operator sprinkler Assembly goes as follows. Releases the fastening elements 19 in the flange 18. Next, remove the gasket 20. Special key nozzles 17 in the flanges 18 sbencivu from the ends of the pipes 14. This is facilitated by the helical grooves 27 on the surface of the nozzle 17, and the bands 15 and 16 function as nuts. Replaced the pipe 14 is lifted above the bent C-shaped profile of the bearing member 21, and its ends are withdrawn from the holes of the flanges 22 and 23.
The Assembly of the drip line 10 is performed in the opposite order without performing the Assembly and dismantling of the left and right consoles 25, 26 of the sprinkler Assembly.
Describes the essential distinguishing features in the claimed object is compared with the closest analogue allow to achieve the desired technical result.
Dual console sprinkling unit containing a console attached to me through the pump unit, wherein the irrigation pipe is made of low pressure polyethylene in the form of segments of pipe length 4-6 m, the ends of which are covered by bandages, and within the end sections of pipes placed pipes with flanges, with a pair of flanges mutually conjugate transverse elements through the strip.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.
SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.
SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.
EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.
EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.
EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.
EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.
7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.
SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.