Apparatus for forming a package of long products

 

The proposed device can be used when loading long items, pre-formed packages. The device comprises a base in the form of a frame divided into two equal halves and joined by a hinge. Mounted on the frame vertical rack rails for forming the longitudinal sides of the package. At the ends of the halves of the frame 1 is fixed resistant flat wall height of the package. The lower ends of the refractory walls provided with rollers mounted on rectilinear guides in the form of rails. On top of the ribs flat refractory walls installed counterweights. The invention provides for the formation of the package of long products for more spontaneous alignment of items on the ends without the use of special actuators. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The present invention relates to the field of loading long items, pre-formed into packages, in particular for the formation of the package of such long items, such as rails, pipes, logs.

Known apparatus for forming a package of long products containing base in wide, N. CL. 414/399).

Such a device produces the formation of a package of long items without flattening them on the ends, which makes full loading packages in limited volumes of vehicles, for example, in a gondola.

Known apparatus for forming a package of long products containing base in the form of a frame on which is fixed rack rails for forming the longitudinal sides of the package (U.S. patent No. 5941398, N. CL. 211/60.1).

This device also does not provide alignment package lengthy articles on the ends due to the lack of the necessary technical means.

The technical result of the claimed device is a software bundle of long products additionally spontaneous alignment of the ends without the use of special actuators.

This technical result is achieved in that in the apparatus for forming the package of long products containing base in the form of a frame on which is fixed a vertical rack rails for forming the longitudinal sides of the package, the frame on the long side divided into two equal halves joined by a hinge, the other end polovka refractory walls attached perpendicular to and vertically spaced ribs, on top of which are mounted counterweights, the lower ends of the refractory walls provided with rollers mounted on rectilinear guides, the device is equipped with limiter angle flat refractory walls in the initial position and the mechanism permutation planar hard walls on a given length of products. In addition, the limiter angle flat refractory walls in the original position is made in the form of a segment of rope, one end of which is connected to the cross bar, fixed on rectilinear guides, the other end connected to the hinge joint halves of the base frame, and the mechanism of the rearrangement of planar hard walls on a given length of products can be made in the form of beams, located on the longitudinal sides of the frame and secured to the top end on an axis that is installed in flat resistant walls, the lower end secured to one of the axes that are installed on the target area of the halves of the frame.

Comparative analysis with the prototype shows that the proposed apparatus for forming a package of long products is characterized by the fact that the frame is on the long side divided into two equal halves joined by a hinge, the other ends of the halves of the frame poperechnuk fixed perpendicularly and vertically spaced ribs, on top of which are mounted counterweights, the lower ends of the refractory walls provided with rollers mounted on rectilinear guides, the device is equipped with limiter angle flat refractory walls in the initial position and the mechanism permutation planar hard walls on a given length of the products, without the stop angle flat refractory walls in the original position is made in the form of a segment of rope, one end of which is connected to the cross bar, fixed on rectilinear guides, the other end connected to the hinge joint halves of the base frame, and the mechanism of the rearrangement of planar hard walls on a given length of products is made in the form of beams, located on the longitudinal sides of the frame and secured to the top end on an axis that is installed in flat resistant walls, the lower end secured to one of the axes, mounted on the end section of the frame halves. This difference from the prototype allows to assert the consistency of the proposed solutions to the patentability criteria of “novelty”. The comparison of the proposed device is not only the prototype, but also with other technical solutions in this field of technology did not allow to determine the patentability of an invention “inventive step”.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig.1 shows a device for forming a package of long products, the General view in the initial position; Fig.2 - the same, in position of the formed package of Fig.3 is a view As in Fig.2; Fig.4, the same General view of the device in the initial position for products of lesser length; Fig.5 - the same, in position of the formed package products in shorter lengths; Fig.6 - view of B in Fig.2.

Apparatus for forming package contains lengthy articles (Fig.1) the base frame 1, is divided into two equal parts 1.1 and 1.2, interconnected by a hinge 2. At some distance from the hinge 2 on the frame 1 is fixed to the vertical rack rails 3 for forming the longitudinal sides of the package long items 4, such as logs. At the ends of the halves 1.1 and 1.2 of the frame transversely and vertically fixed flat hard wall 5 at the height of the package. On the outer side of the flat refractory walls 5 attached perpendicular to and vertically spaced ribs 6 stiffness, on top of which are mounted counterweight 7. The lower ends of the refractory walls 5 provided with rollers 8 mounted on rectilinear guides 9 in the form of rails. The device is equipped with a limiter angle length products. The limiter angle flat refractory walls 5 in the initial position is made in the form of a segment of the cable 10, one end of which is connected to the cross bar 11 (Fig.6) mounted on rectilinear guides 9, the other end connected to the hinge 2 coupling halves 1.1 and 1.2 of the base frame. The mechanism of the rearrangement flat refractory walls 5 on a given length of products is made in the form of bolts 12 (Fig.1) located on the longitudinal sides of the frame 1 and secured to the top end on an axis 13 that is installed in flat resistant walls 5, the lower end secured to one of, for example, two axes 14.1 and 14.2, installed in the terminal phase half 1.1 and 1.2 of the frame.

The device operates as follows.

In the initial position of the apparatus for forming the package of long products is position (Fig.1) when under the action of the counterweights 7 flat hard wall 5, prokatilas on the rollers 8, are deflected in an outward direction and increase the distance between their tops by a specified amount, which is limited, first, the full tension of the cable 10 when lifting the hinge 2 coupling halves 1.1 and 1.2 of the frame, and secondly, given the location and fixing flat refractory walls 5 on the axes 14.1 by means of bolts 12. the waiting for planar hard walls 5, the vertical rack rails 3 form the package on the long side. Upon further upward movement of the impact mass package lengthy articles 4 on the hinge 2 coupling halves 1.1 and 1.2 of the frame and on the inner surface of the flat refractory walls 5, package their ends begins to slide down the inclined surface is a flat refractory walls 5, which prokatilas on their rollers 8, gradually occupy the upright position, produce a shift of individual logs and alignment package lengthy articles 4 on the ends (Fig.2).

Claims

1. Apparatus for forming a package of long products containing base in the form of a frame on which is fixed a vertical rack rails for forming the longitudinal sides of the package, characterized in that the frame is on the long side divided into two equal halves joined by a hinge, the other ends of the halves of the frame transversely and vertically fixed flat hard wall at the height of the package, on the outer side of the flat refractory walls attached perpendicular to and vertically spaced ribs on the top of which is installed counterweights, the lower ends of the refractory walls of sleep is and skew planar hard walls in the initial position and the mechanism permutation planar hard walls on a given length of products.

2. Apparatus for forming a package of long items under item 1, characterized in that the limiter angle flat refractory walls in the original position is made in the form of a segment of rope, one end of which is connected to the cross bar, fixed on rectilinear guides, the other end connected to the hinge joint halves of the base frame.

3. Apparatus for forming a package of long items under item 1, characterized in that the mechanism permutation planar hard walls on a given length of products is made in the form of beams, located on the longitudinal sides of the frame and secured to the top end on an axis that is installed in flat resistant walls, the lower end secured to one of the axes that are installed on the target area of the halves of the frame.



 

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