Dual console sprinkling unit
The invention relates to agricultural machinery and can be used in the construction of farms dual console sprinkling machines working in motion with korotkometrajnye standard nozzles. Water conveyance belt consoles farm is connected to the pump through the opposed installed along the cab of the vehicle-shaped knees and divider flow of water. The drive mechanism trossoblochnoy system made in the form supplied by the hydraulic motor shaft. On the shaft between the bearing assemblies placed different-sized pulleys. Pulleys are kinematically connected by flexible threads with consoles water conveyance belt. Trossoblochnoy system is mounted on the chassis of the vehicle by means of additional frames. The frame is made in the form of a pair of beams secured to the side members of the chassis of the vehicle. The ends of the beams through the racks associated with bars. On the uneven bars in the longitudinal-vertical plane symmetrically frame mounted shaft with hydraulic trossoblochnoy system. Consoles water conveyance belt in the transport position, given the shape as branches of the parabola. Guide blocks trossoblochnoy system mounted in the focus of the parabola. Trossoblochnoy sodashi belt from operating position to transport position without disconnection of power communications in the pressure network and to conduct all transactions without leaving the cab of the vehicle. The invention allows to improve the maneuverability of the sprinkler Assembly when moving between irrigated tracts. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.
The invention relates to agricultural machinery and can be used in the construction of farms dual console sprinkling machines working in motion with korotkometrajnye standard nozzles.
Known dual console sprinkling unit , including spatial suspension farm, consisting of three flexible belts, rigid triangles with located in the center of the last pipeline, in order to increase the spatial stiffness and decreasing the material of the flexible belt connected to a pipeline stretching and pre-strained by the tension device, with two flexible belt form the upper cavity of the farm.
The main disadvantage of this design - great work on the farm from operating position to transport position, in which the required separation of the pump unit from the bottom of the hard power of the pipeline.
Also known machine for the pipelines for irrigation sprinkler and furrow, in which to increase width of irrigated area under furrow irrigation pipeline for furrow irrigation is supplied with the console part, pivotally connected with him through the intermediate link and having a pickup mechanism of the cantilever part, which is made in the form of troso-block system.
The main disadvantage of this design is the complexity of its transfer from the working position to transport position, and when moving from position to position.
A known machine for irrigation sprinkler and furrow , including mounted on a vehicle dual console farm water conveyance belt on which are sprinkler and irrigation nozzles, in order to enable the laying farm land and improve the quality of furrow irrigation water conveyance belt is made in the form of three related section by section into a single rigid structure pipe, forming in cross section a triangle, with the top pipe installed sprinkler nozzle, which is connected via a slide switch having a diaphragm actuator, with one of the lower pipes, which are installed irrigation nozzle, and the third pipe is communicated with the upper pipe and associated capillary driven by politicologie performed isolated.
The disadvantages of this machine include a large work on the farm from operating position to transport position and Vice versa.
The closest technical solution is the machine for irrigation sprinkler and furrow , which includes two water distribution piping sprinkler heads and irrigation with outlets for water flow in furrows, troubleshoo system with a drive mechanism for laying irrigation pipe on the ground and switch the water flow in pipelines in which to simplify the design of the drive mechanism is in the form placed in the sprinkler piping hydraulic cylinders, cavity are communicated respectively with the inlet pipe and the atmosphere, and the pistons of the cylinders are connected trossoblochnoy system, connected by flexible threads with irrigation pipeline the water diversion irrigation pipeline is equipped with a mechanism of self, made in the form of covering the pipe rings connected with outlets flexible threads and provided with a guide for the orientation of the outlets relative to irrigation furrows, water flow switch in the pipeline is executed in the form of a two-position valve with two-way disc valve, satacracy labor and time machine from the working position and back, and moving from one irrigated field to another.
The objective of the invention is to develop a dual console design sprinkler Assembly with improved maneuverability when moving between irrigated arrays.
This object is achieved by design features dual console sprinkler Assembly.
Design dual console sprinkler Assembly shown in Fig.1-3.
In Fig.1 shows a dual console sprinkling unit in the working position, rear view.
In Fig.2 - same view in the plan.
In Fig.3 - the same, in the transport position, rear view.
Dual console sprinkling unit (Fig.1-3) contains mounted on a vehicle 1 pump 2 with the suction line 3, dual console farm water conveyance belt in the form of consoles 4 and 5. On water conveyance belt consoles 4 and 5 are sprinkler nozzles 6. The unit has troso-block 7 with a drive mechanism 8 connected pairs of flexible filaments 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 with consoles 4 and 5 water conveyance belt.
Water conveyance belt consoles 4 and 5 of the farm is connected to the pump 2 through the opposed installed alongside the cab 15 of the vehicle 1-shaped lap 16 and 17 and the water flow divider 18.
The drive mechanism 8 troublem 21. The pulleys 20 kinematically connected pairs of flexible filaments 9-14 with consoles 4 and 5 water conveyance belt.
Trossoblochnoy system 7 is mounted on the chassis of the vehicle 1 through the additional frame 22. The frame 22 is made in the form of a pair of beams 23 and 24, secured by clamps to the side members of the chassis of the vehicle 1. The ends of the beams 23 and 24 through the racks 25, 26, 27 and 28 are associated with the bars 29 and 30. On the uneven bars 29 and 30 of the frame 22 in a longitudinal-vertical plane of symmetry of the unit mounted shaft 19 with the bearing assemblies and the hydraulic motor 21 to drive trossoblochnoy system 7.
Consoles 4 and 5 water conveyance belt in the transport position of the unit given the shape as branches of the parabola, oriented in the transverse vertical plane of symmetry of the dual console sprinkler unit. The guide blocks 31 and 32 trossoblochnoy system 7 are mounted in the focus of the parabola. This ensures that if the same effort tensioning flexible filaments 9-14 is the uniform rise of the consoles 4 and 5 of the farm.
Console 4 and 5 is formed by a pipe length of 6 m from the high-pressure polyethylene, designed for pressure up to 1.2 MPa. The ends of the pipes are interconnected fastening means. A pair of flexible strands 9-14 connected with p who works as follows.
At the completion of irrigation in the irrigated field tractor-driver of the sprinkler unit, without leaving the cab 15 of the vehicle 1, the translation handle hydrosaluric suction line 3 when stopped (off PTO) pump 2 leads to a state long-distance transportation (see for comparison Fig.1 and 3). Next, a second handle hydrosaluric point of the vehicle 1 tractor driver translates in position “Up”. When operating the hydraulic motor 21 of the driving mechanism 8 shaft 19 give the corresponding value of torque. Different-sized pulleys 20 evenly wound a pair of flexible strands 9-14. The guide blocks 31 and 32 on pairs of racks 27, 28 and 25, 26 contribute to the supply of flexible filaments 9-14 on the respective pulleys 20 trossoblochnoy system 7. When lifting consoles 4 and 5 water conveyance belt to the appropriate height of the operator of the second handle hydrosaluric moves to the position “neutral”. The actuator 21 in the transport and working positions consoles 4 and 5 blocked and excluded any rotation of the shaft 19 of the drive mechanism 8. When meeting with the air lines or connections, drive mechanism 8, the highest point of the consoles 4 and 5 down.
After moving to the solo sprinkler unit, in which all operations are carried out by the operator without leaving the tractor cab, allows you to save time on the farm from operating position to transport position and back, while reducing labor costs.
Sources of information
1. USSR author's certificate No. 1583045 And 01 G 25/09, publ. in BI No. 29, 1990
2. USSR author's certificate No. 904604 And 01 G 25/09, publ. in BI No. 6, 1982
3. USSR author's certificate No. 606567, A 01 G 25/09, publ. in BI No. 18, 1978
4. USSR author's certificate No. 852270, A 01 G 25/09, publ. in BI No. 29, 1981
1. Dual console sprinkling unit, including mounted on a vehicle, the pump suction line, dual console farm water conveyance belt on which are sprinkler heads, and troubleshoo system with a drive mechanism connected to flexible filaments with water conveyance belt, wherein the water conveyance belt consoles farm is connected to the pump through the opposed installed along the cab of the vehicle-shaped knees and divider flow of water, and drive mechanism trossoblochnoy system made in the form supplied by the hydraulic motor shaft, where RA is the Unit under item 1, characterized in that trossoblochnoy system is mounted on the chassis of the vehicle by means of additional frames, made in the form of a pair of beams secured to the side members of the chassis of the vehicle, the ends of which are through the racks associated with bars in the longitudinal-vertical plane of symmetry of the frame mounted shaft with hydraulic trossoblochnoy system.
3. Assembly under item 1, characterized in that the consoles water conveyance belt in the transport position, given the shape as branches of the parabola, and the guide blocks trossoblochnoy system mounted in the focus of the parabola.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.
SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.
SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.
EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.
EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.
EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.
EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.
7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.
SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.