High-altitude wind power installation
The invention relates to wind energy, namely wind power unit, using the power of high-altitude jet streams. The technical result is to increase efficiency, reduce material consumption, improve plant reliability, ensuring reliable communications with Earth. High-altitude wind power installation includes aerodynamic elements in the form of a frame, the nodes which are located on the elliptic surface, frame, cables connected with the earth's support and along the span at obtuse angles to each other are placed orthogonal blade rotors. The ropes is a sectioned hose sections are filled with gas and are connected to each other through gateways. The rotors are between nodes of the skeleton, and their blades are equipped with jet control devices circulation. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.
The invention relates to wind power. namely wind power unit, using the power of high-altitude jet streams.
Known altitude aerostatically installation. which contains the aircraft to be made in the form of cargo kite bearing surface which the second value of the chord along the span. Around the perimeter of the ring are the turbines for the trailing edge of the aerodynamic components and turbines in the horizontal plane in front of aerodynamic elements and the different directions of rotation. Each wind turbine includes a compressor of the centrifugal type. the multiplier and blade mover mechanically connected to each other, the flow part indicated by the output message with each subsequent input, while the output of the last compressor is communicated to the pressure sleeve to the input power of the machine on the ground. (Patent number 2,064,085). The disadvantage of this solution is the need for a balloon design, and lack of reliability of the system in case of fastening to the ground. The closest to the invention is a wind turbine for high altitudes (U.S. patent No. 4659940). It includes a bearing surface along the span which is partitioned vetropriemnoe unit generators, mounted by means of connecting elements on the support. The wind turbine has a tethered balloon in the shape of the bearing surface with a tail. Along the span of the bearing surface set partitioned by Metropol axis of rotation. Annular rim of the rotor is mounted for rotation on roller bearings, console mounted on the carrier surface, on which is mounted a shaft generator.
The disadvantage of this technical solution is the need for a balloon design, rotor with a horizontal axis of rotation, the lack of communication with Earth.
Technical results of the invention are: to improve efficiency, reduce material consumption increase plant reliability, ensuring a reliable connection to the Earth.
Technical results achieved by the fact that in high-altitude wind energy installation. containing bearing aerodynamic element, by means of cables associated with the earth's support, posted along the span at obtuse angles to each other orthopaedie blade rotor, aerodynamic element is designed in the form of a frame, the nodes which are located on the elliptic surface, the cables in the form of partitioned hose sections which are filled with gas and are connected to each other through gateways, the rotors are between nodes of the skeleton, and their blades are equipped with jet control devices circulation.
In addition, wind power installation rotor blades mouth is controlling the circulation around the blades, that provides the ability to control the magnitude and direction of the resulting averaged lifting force on the rotor and on the installation and whole.
Orthogonal rotors rotate in opposite directions at the contacts between them are the inductors and short-circuited the core of the corresponding linear (arc) of the electric generator.
Inkjet devices in the blades of the rotor to control the local circulation increases energy production installation and, if necessary, in the absence of wind, when the raising and lowering of the installation, create a lifting force, the direction and magnitude of which can vary, allowing you to control the installation as aircraft. The axis of the rotor is an obtuse angle, which provides a turn of the wind and its stable equilibrium. When broken cable or the destruction of one of the rotors installation flips and falls to the Ground, keeping the automatic control by radio beacons.
Compartments cable, made in the form of tubing filled with helium under pressure, creating lift cable.
In Fig.1 gives a General view of the windmill.
In Fig.2 shows the installation in longitudinal section.
In Fig.3 p support 1 by means of a hollow cable 2 carrying aerodynamic element 3 located along it at obtuse angles to each other orthogonal 4 blade rotor, bearing and rotor linear inductors (arc) generators. Aerodynamic element 3 is designed in the form of a frame, the node 5 which are PA elliptical surface, the cable 2 is a sectioned hose sections are filled with gas and are connected to each other through gateways. The rotor 4 is placed between nodes 5 of the frame 3, and the blade 6 is provided with an inkjet device 7 controls the circulation. The blades 6 of the rotor 4 is supported on the shaft 8 arms 9, 10. Regulation of the position of the holes 11, 12 for controlling the point of maximum lift camshaft carry 13 or by a special system of automatically controlled valves.
The device operates as follows.
The initial lifting force is provided by the joint action of the lifting power of the gas hose 2 and the lifting force generated by the generators of the rotor 4 in the motor mode with the proper action of the inkjet device 7 controls the circulation on the blades 6 of the rotor 4. Using an inkjet device, for example, changing the position of the holes 11, 12 of the shaft 13 relative to the Earth, you can change the direction “clockwise” and thereby to control the position of the wind turbine oneration, and from them produced energy through conductive elements located in the hose 2 is transmitted to Earth.
The axes of each pair of rotors 4 at obtuse angles to each other provides automatic rotation of the entire system by the wind and its stable equilibrium. In case of an accident (broken rope, hose 2) installation turns and gently lowered. retaining automatic control for beacons from Earth. The rotation of the rotors 4 and smooth release of the installation at the expense of batteries, located on the installation and operation of generators in motor mode.
1. High-altitude wind power installation, comprising carrying aerodynamic element, by means of cables associated with the earth's support, posted along the span at obtuse angles to each other orthogonal blade rotor, wherein the aerodynamic element is designed in the form of a frame, the nodes which are located on the elliptic surface, the cables in the form of partitioned hose sections which are filled with gas and are connected to each other through gateways, the rotors are between nodes of the frame, and their blades are equipped with jet eliminate the Lamy and automatic control system for a controlled supply of air through openings on the surface of the blades in jet, control the circulation around the blade.
FIELD: blowers united with wind turbine, possibly used in different branches of industry and in objects of social and living designation.
SUBSTANCE: blower includes drum impeller with vanes mounted in horizontal shaft. Impeller is arranged in cylindrical casing having air intake opening and diffuser. Novelty is wind turbine built-in to structure of blower system. Wind turbine includes wind wheel with vanes on horizontal shaft. Wind wheel is arranged in cylindrical casing with air intake opening and diffuser. Diffuser of blower is connected with air intake of wind turbine. Carrying structure of blower is joined with carrying structure of wind turbine.
EFFECT: improved design, enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; small power stations with open turbine hall.
SUBSTANCE: proposed emf source has open turbine hall; foundation; electrical machine provided with rotor, stator, and current-collection unit and connected to drive; self-contained starting motors connected to power supplies; as well as control unit and output module. Novelty is that open turbine hall floor of emf source is provided with circular race, surface part of foundation is equipped with anchor straps, slabs, locking brackets and rollers, aligning brackets and rollers; rotor is installed in journal bearing on annular support of foundation rotor; shaft of the latter has axial hole with service lines; source has supporting and aligning slab incorporated in frame built of hold-down beams, thrust columns, frame and foundation; it also has capital, rotor and stator drive mechanism, pods, aerodynamic compensator, distribution board, jet thrust matching device, thrust electric circuit switch, and auxiliary equipment power supply unit.
EFFECT: simplified design, facilitated maintenance of unit incorporating emf source; enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: wind-power engineering; electrical energy generation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wind-powered generator has tower with adjustable windwheels, windward positioning device, wound rotors and stators; rotors are made in the form of concavo-concave aerodynamic disks mounted on ends of blades; stator has pole shoes whose ends are coupled with rotors. Windwheels are mounted on shafts of convertible electrical machines incorporating stator excitation system and rotor inductor; inductor coils are connected to rectifiers mounted on windwheel blades; rectifier outputs are connected to field coils installed in rotor disks.
EFFECT: enhanced specific load, reduced starting torque, facilitated acceleration to rated speed.
1 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: wind-power engineering; wind power generators.
SUBSTANCE: proposed windmill-electric generating unit has electric generators; novelty is that this unit is made in the form of flow-through piping network with sealed valves and pressure transducers, generating unit ends being disposed in areas held at different atmospheric pressures; piping length and diameter meet following expression: D/L = ρλv
EFFECT: provision for continuous operation of windmill-electric generating unit.
1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: wind-power engineering; generation of electric power.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wind-power electric generator has tower with swivel cross-member and wind wheel, wind setting unit, rotors and stators with windings; rotors are made in form of aerodynamic washers having shape of concavo-concave disks secured on ends of blades and stator is provided with pole pieces whose ends are magnetically connected with rotors which are magnetically connected with additional stators; blades are provided with additional rotors magnetically connected with additional stators; additional rotors are electrically interconnected.
EFFECT: reduction of starting torque.
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plants generating electric energy to produce hot water for industrial use. Proposed combination wind power plant containing energy generating unit in form of windmill, air flow booster connected with windmill and energy generating and transforming unit in form of air turbine and generator connected to turbine, generator being butt-joined with gas-turbine turbine engine is furnished, according to invention, with heat recovery unit and processing unit, for instance, sea water freshening and cleaning unit made in form of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device connected with heat recovery unit. Blades of windmill are made divided into sections for turning relative to each other with possibility of turning relative to longitudinal axis. Energy generating and transforming unit is provided with additional self-contained internal combustion engine and electric generator connected with said engine which is coupled with generator of gas-turbine unit to form common power unit. Control system includes device which, together with computer, provides electric parameters similar to network parameters. Energy generating unit is provided with device to divide air flow, said device being connected by flexible air line with air flow booster made programmable, for instance, pneumatic and multistage, whose low-pressure stage is connected with air turbine and with each member of processing unit, and high-pressure stage, with device to evaporate water of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device which are connected with heat recovery unit. Point of connection of air line and power supply line is common, and torsion shafts coupled with vane engine and turbine are connected to said point.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to recovery of exhaust (hot) gases of engine and dissipation heat, enlarged sphere of industrial application of plant.
34 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power and heat supply.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-contained power, heat and hot-water supply systems of dwelling houses and industrial buildings. Proposed system contains wind power generating plant for generating electric power and connected with power consumers; energy accumulator connected with wind power generating plant and power consumers; plant for converting solar energy into heat energy and heat accumulator, both connected with heat energy consumers. System includes heat pump driven by wind power generating plant and connected with heat energy consumers; inverter through which electric energy accumulator is connected with electric energy consumers; sewage water heat recoverer; Earth heat collector and automatic control system connected through heat and electric load transmitters with actuating mechanisms. Plant for converting solar energy into heat energy contains gang of solar collectors connected by heat carrier lines with at least two heat exchangers, one of which is arranged in heat accumulator and the other in heat exchange device connected by heat carrier line with Earth heat collector. Heat pump contains compressor driven by wind power generating plant, at least two extension evaporators and at least two extension condensers. Extension evaporator is built into heat exchange device connected by heat carrier line with Earth heat collector. Extension evaporator is built into sewage heat recoverer. Extension condenser is built into hot-water tank, and second extension condenser is built into heat exchange device connected by heat carrier lines with heat energy consumers.
EFFECT: improved reliability and economy of self contained power and heat supply systems.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for converting energy of air flows into electric energy. Proposed method includes passing of first on-coming air flow between two conversing and diverging aerodynamic surfaces in direction of flow to form zone of reduced pressure and transmitting of second air flow along pipeline from surrounding space into zone of reduced pressure. Converter is installed on way of second air flow. Space is made in zone of reduced pressure in, at least, one of aerodynamic surfaces to provide swirling of second air flow by wall of said space. Swirling of second air flow is formed tangentially in direction of passing of first on-coming air flow. Device contains two plates. Pipeline is designed to transmit second air flow. One end of pipeline is made open and it is connected with surrounding space, and other end is connected to outer surface of one of plates. Converter is installed in pipeline. AT least one of plates is provided with space to swirl second air flow. Space communicates with pipeline. Space is made orthogonally relative to direction of first on-coming air flow tangentially in direction of first on-coming air flow.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of energy conversion.
23 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for heating and hot water supply of different buildings. Proposed wind-heat generator contains water heat accumulator, windmill, bevel gear train (transmission), mechanical heater in form of agitator with movable blades each pair of which is made to centrifugal governor scheme (Watt governor). Wind heat generator is furnished additionally with second bevel gear train (transmission) rotating in opposite direction relative to first bevel gear train, each train being provided with equal number of agitators with movable blades.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of utilization of wind energy in wider range of wind velocities, improved reliability of heat generator and reduced cost of thermal energy.
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind plants for direct conversion of wind energy into thermal energy. Proposed wind thermal plant contains windwheel with rotary blades and friction heat generator with heat exchanger. Novelty is that heat generator is made in form of conical drum with ribbed surface and rotor is provided with friction lining being installed on shaft of windwheel. Pressure of lining onto drum surface depends on wind head. Heat exchanger is provided with air intake. Windwheel is provided with speed and vibration protective device.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation within wide range of wind loads with provision of ventilation of heat rooms.
2 cl;, 4 dwg