Panel for bank vaults, safes and reinforced doors

 

The panel includes a metal wall, metal frame, made around the perimeter of the panel, and a reinforcement cage, filled with concrete. Longitudinal and transverse elements of a frame made of strips, channel or area, as all four, and in any combination. Reinforcement cage contains at least two lattices. The longitudinal and transverse elements of the lattices butt welded to the framing elements. To longitudinal bars of the frame at the longitudinal elements of the arrays are welded along the entire length. This design greatly reduces the possibility of unauthorized access to the interior of the panels according to the present invention. 17 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention relates to building construction special purpose, in particular the designs of panels for Bank vaults, fireproof safes, armoured doors, etc. products.

When developing walling for special structures, which, in particular, are Bank vaults, currency exchange offices, storage of Museum valuables and securities, safes, and so on, there is the problem of creating Uchenie certain normalized period of time. Such extreme conditions may be, for example, high temperature, shock, explosion and/or hacking, produced externally. In known from the prior art construction panels that are designed for various special structures, the focus is on the strength of the panel.

Thus the prior art construction panel comprising reinforcing elements made of longitudinal and transverse bars, and some of them are of channel section with the holes in the wall, through which the missing transverse reinforcing elements (RU 2041327 C1, 09.08.1995). The implementation of the reinforcement cage of bars of rectangular cross-section allows the panel to accommodate tilting moments as normal and inclined sections, and also ensures that the strength of the panel when working on the cut. However, this design, despite the more powerful reinforcement cage, does not have sufficient strength for use in the above special facilities for the following reasons. First, the elements of the reinforcement cage (bars) are not interconnected and the destruction of the panel from the outside can be extracted from the body of concrete separately without much difficulty. Secondly, this design when shotcrete, the presence of many holes in the longitudinal elements of the frame reduces the rigidity of the structure as a whole. As a result of such construction, if exploited, will immediately break up at the edges because of the presence of edge effect.

Also known construction panel containing located on one side of the longitudinal and transverse ribs forming the caissons, steel mesh, curved rods in the body of the ribs and along the outer ends of the ribs of the reinforcing wall. Run the wire mesh in the form of contact between them covered the turns of the spiral rod provides increased strength and reliability panel (RU 2062845 C1, 27.06.1996). However, this design has a large number of elements, interconnected, which reduces its reliability. In addition, the manufacturing process of the panels also involves layer-by-layer concrete pouring, because with the smaller cell size of the wire mesh may be formed of emptiness, and installation in poured concrete individual reinforcing elements. All this leads to the inhomogeneous structure of the concrete and, as mentioned above, is undesirable in the panels used in these special structures, and because they violated the requirement of equal the concrete will separate into layers and sliver.

The closest analogue of the invention is the panel for Bank vaults, safes and reinforced doors, comprising a metal wall, metal frame, made around the perimeter of the panel, and a reinforcement cage, filled with concrete (DE 19654017 A1, 25.06.1998).

In this arrangement, the armature frame, made in the form of the spatial grid is not hard, because it is not connected with the inner surface of the wall and metal framing. With such design, in violation of the integrity of metal, for example using autogenous cutting, its separation from the reinforcement cage will not present special difficulties for hacking, as well as the further destruction of the actual panel.

The present invention is to reduce the possibility of unauthorized penetration into Bank vaults and similar premises by increasing the strength of the panel by creating spatial rigid structure.

The problem is solved in that in the panel for Bank vaults, safes and reinforced doors, comprising a metal wall, metal frame, made around the perimeter of the panel, and a reinforcement cage, filled with concrete, according to the invention the longitudinal is etani, when this reinforcement cage contains at least two lattices, the longitudinal and transverse elements which are butt welded to the framing elements, and to longitudinal bars of the frame at the longitudinal elements of the arrays are welded along the entire length.

In the first embodiment of the invention the metal wall is located on the outer side of the panel and adjacent butt to the shelves of bars and frames. Grid reinforcement cage is installed parallel to each other and offset from the center to the surface of the panel, with their longitudinal elements are located symmetrically from the center of the panel, and if the extreme longitudinal elements of the two gratings are welded to the longitudinal bars of the frame along the entire length, the transverse elements of the lattices butt welded to the longitudinal bars of the frame. Transverse framing elements can be made of a metal strip or area.

In the second variant implementation of the invention, the panel contains the second metal wall located on the inner side of the panel, with longitudinal and transverse framing elements most often made of channel. Lattice reinforcing cage is placed in parallel one above the other, with the longitudinal and PA half-step, wherein the longitudinal elements of the second grating welded to the transverse elements of the first grid. Reinforcement cage can be placed in the center of the panel or offset from the center of the panel to its outside. The longitudinal and transverse elements of all arrays reinforcing cage butt welded to the channels of the frame.

In the third embodiment of the invention the armature frame contains three grating, the first grating is placed parallel to the inner side of the panel and offset from the center of it, and the second and third gratings placed at an angle to each other, facing the first grating. In this embodiment, the vertex of the angle formed by the second and third bars of the reinforcement cage may join the outer side of the panel or located behind it. In the first case, one ends of the transverse elements of the second and third grids are interconnected at the apex of the angle, and the other is connected with the transverse elements of the first grid, forming a cross-section of an isosceles triangle. In the second case, one ends of the transverse elements of the second and third grids are connected to the outer metal wall at some distance from each other, and their other ends are connected with transverse elements of the first grid. In about the rimetry welded overlap to the framing elements.

In the fourth embodiment of the invention the panel further comprises a reinforcing member located inside of the reinforcement cage. A reinforcing member may be made in the form of hard spring and connected to the elements of the first grid in the set of points. Additionally, the reinforcing element can contain the locking elements made in the form of rods and are placed between the coils of the spring. At the ends of the clamping rods are rigidly connected to the elements of the first grid. The locking rods can be installed at an angle to the metal walls.

The second and third lattice reinforcing cage may contain additional longitudinal bars placed on the other side of the transverse elements and shifted relative to their longitudinal elements, for example half a step.

The outer metal wall has a thickness at least three times greater than the thickness of the metal walls.

The present invention provides for obtaining a three-dimensional rigid panel design by creating multiple links between a reinforced steel frame and framing elements panel on many levels.

The invention disclosed in the examples EGI embodiment of the panel according to the invention (Fig.1 - 6 concrete not shown), General view.

Fig.2 - cross section a-a in Fig.1.

Fig.3 is a longitudinal section b-B in Fig.1.

Fig.4 - the second implementation panel, General view.

Fig.5 - cross section b-b In Fig.4.

Fig.6 is a longitudinal section G-G in Fig.4.

Fig.7 is a third embodiment of the panel cross section.

Fig.8 is a fourth embodiment of the panel, General view.

Fig.9 is a cross-section d-D in Fig.8.

Fig.10 is a longitudinal section e-E in Fig.8.

The panel includes a metallic wall 1 and the armature frame, filled with concrete, the panel contains metal framing 2 running along its perimeter. Reinforcement cage contains at least two grating 3, 4, attached to the metal frame 2 in the set of points 5, for example by welding.

The framing elements 2 can be made of metal strips, channels or area. 7.

In the first variant of the invention (Fig.1-3) of the longitudinal elements of the frame 2 is made of channel bars 6 and transverse elements of a frame 2 made of strips, when the metallic wall 1 is located on the outer side of the panel and adjacent butt to the shelves 8 channels 6 framing. Grating 3, 4 of the reinforcement cage is installed Paso side of the center panel, moreover, the extreme longitudinal elements 9 of the two gratings are welded to the longitudinal bars 6 of the frame along the entire length. In this case, the transverse elements 10 grids 3, 4 butt welded to the longitudinal bars 6 of the frame.

In the second variant of the invention (Fig.4-6) panel contains the second metal wall 11 located on the inner side of the panel, with longitudinal and transverse elements of a frame 2 made of channels 6. Grating 3, 4 reinforcing cage is placed in parallel one above the other, with the longitudinal elements 9 and the transverse elements 10 of the second grating 4 are shifted relative to the longitudinal elements 9 and the transverse elements 10 of the first grating 3, for example, on a half (1/2). The longitudinal elements 9 of the second grating 4 are welded to the transverse elements 10 of the first grating 3. The reinforcing frame formed of the gratings 3, 4, can be placed in the center of the panel or offset from its center to the outside. Longitudinal 9 10 and transverse elements of the gratings 3, 4 reinforcing cage butt welded to the bars 6 of the frame at points 5.

In the third implementation (Fig.7-9) reinforcement cage contains three grids 12, 13 and 14, the first grating 12 is placed parallel to the inner side of the panel and smegg to each other. The angle formed by the bars turned to the first bar 12. In this embodiment, the apex angleformed by the gratings 13, 14 of the reinforcement cage may join the outer metal wall 1 (Fig.7) or be placed behind it (Fig.9). In the first case, one ends of the transverse elements 10 of the second grating 13 and the third grid 14 are interconnected in the top 15 of the angleand the other ends of the transverse element 10 is connected with the transverse elements 10 of the first grating 12, forming a cross-section of an isosceles triangle. In the second case (Fig.9) one of the ends of the transverse elements 10 of the second and third gratings 13, 14 connected to the outer metal wall 1 at a distance L from each other, and their other ends connected with the transverse elements 10 of the first grating 12. In both cases, the transverse elements 10 grids 12, 13 and 14 are welded to the bars 6 of the frame 2 and the metallic wall 1, 11 perimeter welded overlap to the shelves 8 channels 6 framing.

In the fourth implementation (Fig.8-10) the panel further comprises a reinforcing member located inside of the reinforcement cage. A reinforcing member may be made in the form of hard spring 16 and soul fixing elements, made in the form of rods 17 and placed between the coils of the spring 16. The rods 17 are tilted relative to the metal walls 1, 11 at angleand welded to the grating elements 12.

The second grating 13 and the third grid 14 of the reinforcement cage can contain additional longitudinal rods 18, is placed on the other side relative to the transverse elements 10 and shifted relative to their longitudinal elements 9, for example a half-step. The thickness of the metallic wall 1 for panel a Bank vault can be 2-4 mm, respectively, the metal wall 11 will have a thickness equal to 4-6 mm

The panel is manufactured as follows.

At the first stage of channel 6 and/or plates 7 to weld the frame 2 in the form of a frame of the desired size, which depends on the specific purpose of the panel. So, for panels of Bank vaults panel size in the plan may be equal to about 2000-h-350 mm panel Thickness depends on its class and ranges from 53 to 160 mm For safes that 53-65, and for armored doors 80-130 respectively. Then laid the longitudinal elements 9 and butt welded to transverse framing elements 2. On the longitudinal elements 9 are cross-ELEH the grating 4 and the third grating 12 (depending on design) are similar. Further, the design fills the entire thickness at the same time the concrete of the appropriate class for the panel 7 class is the concrete class V. The concrete is compacted and cured to purchase the selling strength. Then welded to one or both of the metal wall of 1.11. For the panels of the fourth version after the installation of grilles installed reinforcing element in the form of tense (in extended form) of the spring 16, the coils which are fixed to the first bar by means of rods 17 and/or welding. The concrete is poured similarly to the previous example.

Obtained according to the present invention, the panel has increased strength due to the rigid connection of the metal walls and a rigid reinforcing frame with metal frame representing a frame.

This design greatly reduces the possibility of unauthorized access to the interior of the panels according to the present invention.

Claims

1. Panel for Bank vaults, safes and reinforced doors, comprising a metal wall, metal frame, made around the perimeter of the panel, and a reinforcement cage, filled with concrete, the best of the four, or in any combination, with the armature frame contains at least two lattices, the longitudinal and transverse elements which are butt welded to the framing elements, and to longitudinal bars of the frame at the longitudinal elements of the arrays are welded along the entire length.

2. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the longitudinal elements of a frame made of channel bars, and transverse elements of the bands.

3. The panel p. 1, wherein the metal wall is located on the outer side of the panel and adjacent butt to the shelves of bars and frames, with lattice reinforcement cage is installed parallel to each other and offset from the center to the surface of the panel, and their longitudinal elements are located symmetrically from the center of the panel.

4. Panel on p. 3, characterized in that it contains the second metal wall located on the inner side of the panel.

5. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the lattice reinforcing cage is placed in parallel one above the other, with the longitudinal and transverse elements of the second grid are shifted relative to the longitudinal and transverse elements of the first grating half a step, wherein the longitudinal elements of the second grid are welded to the transverse element is. the anel on p. 5, characterized in that the reinforcement cage is offset from the center of the panel to its outside.

8. The panel p. 1, characterized in that the reinforcing cage contains three grating, the first grating is placed parallel to the inner side of the panel and offset from the center of it, and the second and third gratings placed at an angle to each other, facing the first grating.

9. The panel p. 8, wherein one ends of the transverse elements of the second and third grids are interconnected at the apex of the corner, and the other is connected with the transverse elements of the first grid, forming a cross-section of an isosceles triangle, with the transverse elements of all arrays welded to the framing elements.

10. The panel p. 8, wherein one ends of the transverse elements of the second and third grids are connected to the outer metal wall at some distance from each other, and their other ends are connected with transverse elements of the first grid, with transverse elements of all arrays welded to the framing elements.

11. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.8-10, characterized in that the metal wall on the perimeter of the welded overlap to the framing elements.

12. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.8-11, different is 13. The panel p. 12, characterized in that the reinforcing element is designed in the form of hard spring and connected to the elements of the first grid in the set of points.

14. The panel p. 12, characterized in that the reinforcing element is designed in the form of a spring between the coils where the locking elements in the form of rods.

15. The panel p. 14, characterized in that the ends of the locking rods are rigidly connected to the elements of the first array.

16. Panel under item 14 or 15, characterized in that the locking rods are installed at an angle to the metal panel walls.

17. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.8-16, characterized in that the second and third lattice reinforcing cage contain additional longitudinal bars placed on the other side of the transverse elements and shifted relative to their longitudinal elements.

18. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.8-17, characterized in that the thickness of the outer metal wall at least three times greater than the thickness of the inner metal walls.



 

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