Biologically active microelements phosphonate tool for plant nutrition and soils on the basis of

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, directly to the plant, and relates to biologically active microelements compounds used as nutritional and preventative tools at different stages of processing plants. Biologically active microelements phosphonate tool for plant contains, wt%: 10-40 organophosphonates ligand component; 0.1 to 10 microelements component and the rest is water. The tool contains, preferably, iron, copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, and boron. Biologically active substance is applied at 100-3000-fold dilution water in the processing of vegetables, cereals, fruit, oilseed crops, flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees. The tool is included in the fermentation compositions for obtaining fertilizer and nutrient composition of the soil. Biologically active substance has improved absorbability plants, excludes indirect negative impacts of fertilizer components on the human body and animals, exceeds the resistance of plants to various diseases. 2 N. and 5 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to agriculture is athelny soil, used for various plants as a nutrient-preventive means at various stages of processing plants, including processing poselochek material, as well as growing plants.

One of the main areas of modern plant breeding is finding ways to accelerate the growth of various plants and increase their productivity. For these purposes, as is well known, for a long time and are widely used in mineral and organic fertilizers. However, as we know, the natural soil in which plants are cultivated, there are, over time, severely malnourished and deprived of the necessary quantities of certain trace elements, to ensure the normal development of plants. To obtain plants they need certain quantities of trace elements are introduced microelements supplements /EN, 2158720, 05 F 11/08, 2000, RU, 2151133, C 07 F 3/00, 2000/. Typically, the trace elements are introduced in the composition of microelements fertilizers in the form of mineral salts, in particular in the form of sulfates, nitrates, iodides, bromides. To apply for these purposes, mineral salts include the following compounds: Nickel nitrate, iron sulfate, manganese sulfate, cobalt sulfate, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, iodide covetously sodium, selenological sodium, potassium bromide, rubidium nitrate, cesium nitrate, gallium nitrate, indium nitrate, rubidium nitrate, telerobotically sodium, bismuth nitrate, cesium nitrate. Data known additives are used, for example, to optimize processes biofermentation when receiving bioorganometallic fertilizers /EN, 2184718, C 05 F 11/08, 2002/. Microelements and mineral additives used in the compositions of the nutrient soil for different plants. Well-known nutritious soil for growing plants, produced by the firm "Seliger-agro", containing micronutrients in the form of mineral salts, and containing peat or a mixture of sand and chalk /TU 0391-011-40720448-2000/. However, due to the poor digestibility of plants, mineral salts, trace elements, especially sulfates, forced Pets overdose of fertilizer, which then has a negative impact on humans and animals that consume these plants and grade the plants themselves.

To extend the range of microelements funds for plants and development of new compounds with improved absorbability plants, improved environmental performance, vkluchaushsih the resistance of plants to various diseases, developed new biologically active microelements tool for plant nutrition and soils based on it. The new tool is a product of mixing an environmentally acceptable phosphonic acids and microelements organophosphonate and containing, wt.%: 10-40 organophosphonates ligand component and 0.1-10 microelements component and the rest is water. This tool, preferably, contains trace elements from the group: iron, copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, boron and used for processing vegetables, fruit, cereals, oilseed crops, flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees at 100-3000-fold dilution of the concentrate with water. This biologically active microelements tool for plants is an integral part fermentative composition for fertilizers, optionally containing excrement component and desiccant material. Nourishing soil for plants includes microelements additive in the form of an aqueous concentrate comprising 10-40 wt.% organophosphonates component and 0.1-10 microelements component. The concentration of microelements additives in the soil is Eni is a product of mixing of aqueous solutions organophosphonates metals fosfororganicheskimi acids, having identical or different organophosphonate group and forming a complex with various trace elements. Due to the complexity of patterns formed product mixture is characterized by a weight content of total organophosphorous ligand component and microelements component equal to, respectively, 10-40 and 0.1-10 and selected experimentally depending on the consumer properties of the product. As relevant studies have shown that the overestimation of the concentrations of the components affects the rate of absorption by the plants, and the understatement on the effectiveness of the tools. A significant impact on the effectiveness of tools provides the application of microelements in the form of fosfororganicheskikh compounds, which leads to a significant increase in the absorption of trace elements by plants, and hence to increase the efficiency of funds in comparison with the known mineral salts with the same trace elements, which can significantly reduce the dosage in enrichment plants appropriate trace elements. In addition, microelementology mixture of the composition has the additional positive effect on the metabolism rastitel action protecting plants from various diseases and allowing you to grow boleznenaya varieties of plants on different soils. Such action of the composition on plants because they stimulate the activity of enzymes that affect biological processes in plant cells and, thus, stimulate the growth and development of plants. When selecting the components you can use a wide class of known ecologically valid fosfororganicheskikh acids. However, preferred for economic reasons is the use of acetylaminophenol, nitrilotriethanol acids and microelements derived. The most versatile, used, for example vegetables, fruit, oilseed crops, are compounds containing organophosphonate iron, copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, boron in various combinations. However, there may be in the composition is introduced and phosphonates rubidium, cesium, gallium, potassium, and other metals that depends on the type of plants are grown and cultivated soils. New feature /water concentrate/ used when 100-3000-fold dilution with water. It can be applied independently as pisateley fertilizers, for example, in formatiruem compositions, optionally containing excrement, preferably, birds and/or animals, as well as water-absorbent material, for example, peat, straw. This tool is introduced and nutrient soils, preferably in the amount of 2-40 wt.% the total weight of the soil, representing peat or peat mixture, for example, peat with sand. Below the invention is illustrated by examples of structures and data that reflect their effectiveness. However, the above examples does not limit the possibility of combining various other structures within the proposed structure.

Example 1. Mix 10 kg oxyethylenenitrilo acid with 3.5 kg of an aqueous solution microelements component - water mixture acetylacetonato elements (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, boron/, taken in equal parts by weight. The mixture is heated at 25-30°C to complete dissolution and a concentrated solution Packed in glass containers. This concentrate has a high stability as can be stored in glass containers without changing the 2 years. In the future, this tool was applied as an independent agricultural unified the private diluting this concentrate with water it was used for the processing of fruit and berry trees and shrubs at the rate of 0.5 liters per 10 acres with 3-4 times the processing for the entire growing season. At 3000-fold dilution of this tool has been applied to the processing of vegetable and flower crops at the same rate. The use of this tool has provided, on average, 30% increase in crop yields, but also contributed to the prevention of diseases of plants is chlorosis, late blight.

Example 2. Analogously to example 1 mix 10 kg oxyethylenenitrilo acid, 3,5 kg nitrilotriethanol acid and 7 kg water mixture acetylacetonato the following trace elements, wt.%: iron 20, 20 zinc, copper 20, cobalt 15, manganese, 10, 5 and molybdenum boron 10. The tool is packaged, stored and applied as the same in example 1.

Example 3. Analogously to example 1 are mixed 7 kg oxyethylenenitrilo acid and 0.35 kg of an aqueous solution oksietilidendifosfonovaya zinc and receive the composition. This tool was applied to 300-fold dilution for incrustation seeds of the flax and the spraying of crops of flax and it is not only possible to increase the yield by 30-40%, but stabilized flax from diseases such as chlorosis. This composition was also applied for the processing of fruit trees, including Apple trees, which resulted in a 40-50% increase in yield the ranks of the composition were applied for processing and other plants, in particular maize, thereby improving the germination energy, gave, on average, a 5% average increase of corn, and reduced the damage of seeds and sprouts of corn, kassenverein on 56-71%. The new composition was applied to the seeds of cotton, millet, mustard, barley, which has led to higher yields and increased resistance of plants to various diseases.

The new composition is an integral component of nutritious soil used in crop production. For this example, sifted peat soil treated with concentrate microelements phosphonate tools /example 1/ based on 30 g of concentrate on 70 g of soil and Packed in special synthetic bag. Soils store at room or low temperature for 1-2 years. Instead of peat ground was for this tool is applied and peat-sand mixture. This soil was used for growing seedlings and adults vegetable /cabbage, tomatoes, zucchini/, flowers and plants, as well as to improve soil and mulch, creation and maintenance of grass lawns.

1. Biologically active microelements tool for plants, characterized in that predstavlyaetsya, containing, wt.%: 10-40 organophosphonates ligand component, 0.1 to 10 microelements component and the rest is water.

2. Biologically active microelements tool under item 1, characterized in that it includes trace elements from the following group: iron, copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, and boron.

3. Biologically active microelements tool for PP.1 and 2, characterized in that is used in the processing plants at 100-3000-fold dilution of the concentrate with water.

4. Biologically active microelements tool according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that is used in the processing of vegetables, fruit, cereals, oilseed crops, flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees.

5. Biologically active microelements tool according to any one of paragraphs.1-4, characterized in that it is an integral part fermentive composition for fertilizers containing additional excrement and water-absorbing components.

6. Nourishing soil for plants, including microelements additive and peat medium, characterized in that as microelements additive contains water concentrate, ASS="ptx2">7. Nourishing soil under item 5, characterized in that the concentration of microelements phosphonate additive is 20-40 wt.% 100% of the total weight of the soil.



 

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