Greenhouse

 

The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used, in particular, in the construction of greenhouses for production of various vegetable, fruit, medicinal and flower crops in conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent coating. The greenhouse contains a vertical false window sash and false window sash roof purlins of the roof and side walls, the ridge profile, ventilation vents, translucent panel. Ridge profile is made with a groove, in which the spin loop ventilation vents, fixed in the positions rods of the mechanism of opening and closing. Top and bottom trim, ventilation vents associated translucent panel and a false window sash ventilation vents, and bottom rail rests on Podgoretsky profile directly on the rib and through the flexible cushioning gasket. Translucent panels along the ridge shape are interconnected by false window sash roof, and along the roof slope - connection profiles. The profiles of the upper and lower studs of the roof support translucent panel and a false window sash roof, with the lower profile rests on the lateral edge of vodosek the initial installation of studs with installation of greenhouses, and subsequent installation in the operating position. Achieved technical result is to increase the efficiency of removal of condensate from inner surfaces of the roof of the greenhouse and ventilation; improving the reliability of the junction of the vestibule ventilation vents with the underlying parts of the roof of the greenhouse; the provision of a robust and reliable connection translucent roof panels of a greenhouse; simplifying the process of Assembly-disassembly ventilation skate skiing depends on the profile of the greenhouse; ensuring the rigidity of the mounting profile of the upper trim of the roof of the greenhouse to the ridge profile; reduction of the consumption of the ridge shape of the greenhouse. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used, in particular, in the construction of greenhouses for production of various vegetable, fruit, medicinal and flower crops in conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent cover.

You know the floor of the greenhouse, containing the load-bearing structure consisting of upper and lower belt supporting structure covers are installed over the fence, and the ridge element fences combined with the lower belt supporting structure (ed. St. USSR №1083962 And, IPC And 01 G 9/14, publ. 07.04.84).

In this technical solution provides for the removal of atmospheric moisture in a trough element (8), and condensate in the tray element (12). The disadvantage of this technical solution is the lack of ventilation, i.e., the impossibility of changing the temperature and humidity inside the greenhouse, depending on the state of the external atmosphere to ensure agronomic requirements for cultivation of various agricultural crops.

This disadvantage is eliminated in the greenhouse, containing an internal rack installed with a gap between the inclined bars, a horizontal crossbar, in which the horizontal axis of the upper ventilation transoms are mounted on the upper ends of the inclined bars, and the horizontal axis lateral venting transoms are mounted on racks that are mounted on the lower ends consoles inclined beams (ed. St. USSR №1416081, IPC And 01 G 9/14, publ. 15.08.88). In this technical solution solved the problem of ventilation of the atmosphere inside the greenhouse depending on the agronomic requirements for cultivation of various agricultural the vents) during the rotation of the horizontal axis (the openers - manual or automatic - not shown) is opened along the entire length of the greenhouse and form ventilation channels. Compared to other in this technical solution, the operation reliability is improved due to the stability of the vestibule ventilation transoms, however, the specific solutions of the joints (connections) venting transoms (air vents) with roof and/or side walls are not shown except for common phrases Horizontal axis 7 are mounted on a made in the form of earrings suspensions 8. The suspension 8 is fixed on the lower ends consoles inclined girders 2". In fact, only the goal of the project is to ensure reliable, leak-tight joint (connection) venting transoms (vents) with a roof or side wall of the greenhouse, and a specific example of implementation of this interface is not given. Another disadvantage of this technical solution is that the condensate which may form on the inner side walls and the inner side of the roof of the greenhouse, will drain into the greenhouse on cultivated plants and design elements of the greenhouse, providing an adverse effect, and there are no special measures condensate drain is not provided (at least in this General in the second floor and the frame, made of longitudinal load-bearing elements made of sheet metal, interconnected, in which the translucent cover is made of rigid elements, the transverse load-bearing elements are made U-shaped, longitudinal strength elements are installed from the outside of the transverse load-bearing elements and are made L-shaped, the limb longitudinal load-bearing elements are made out, the width of the horizontal shelves of the L-shaped element is equal to two thicknesses of translucent element, and L-shaped elements are installed in pairs a limb toward each other, when this hard translucent elements are installed between pairs of L-shaped elements with their longitudinal free movement (p. 1 of the claims in the patent RF №2054865 C1, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 27.02.96). In this technical solution hard translucent elements (38-43) slide in L-shaped slots of the longitudinal elements (10-30), closely adjoining each other by their ends, forming a solid dome. To ventilate the greenhouse enough to displace one translucent element relative to the adjacent svetoprozrachnogo element and push them to one another (somewhat similar design book p is a threat to the other of its ends, forming a solid dome. Between the ends of the translucent elements will be uncontrolled exchange of air of the greenhouse and the outdoor air at any time of the day or night, because there are no special measures to assure the tightness of the joints, translucent elements is not provided. In addition, include any special measures for removing condensate from the interior side of the roof and greenhouse.

Closest to the proposed technical solution is a greenhouse containing the elements of the frame made of profiled metal beams, in particular vertical false window sash, false window sash roof, roof purlins, girders side walls, for example, of aluminium alloys, in which the structural elements are mounted with the use of translucent panels, such as glass or similar, and place of articulation (joint) are, on the one hand, the component parts of muntin bars of the roof and, on the other hand, part of the supporting strips attached to the girders of the roof, where the ridge profile has grooves), in which are fastened the loop ventilation vents, and the lower end of the muntin bars at the top is connected with drainage troughs, where the profiled beams for sprig gaskets and/or insulating element, in which the ridge profile has mounted on it a flexible cap with isolation chambers, and the profile vents made in the form of profile that supports the glass and covering the target area of the translucent panel (according to p. 1 of the claims of the patent EP 0744121 B1, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 21.01.98, patentee - NL usystm GmbH. KD). In paragraphs 2 to 9 of the patent claims EP 0744121 B1 disclosed a specific performance of the individual components of the greenhouse, namely:

- PP.2, 3 (Fig.3) host interface (connection) translucent panels and mullions of the roof;

- PP.4, 5 (Fig.4) is the site of the junction of the ridge profile with false window sash roof;

- p. 6 (Fig.5, 7, 7a) - site fixing the translucent panels in the ventilation window, and in other parts of the greenhouses;

- p. 7 (Fig.5) - the site of the junction of the lower binding ventilation vents with the underlying parts of the roof of the greenhouse;

- p. 8 (Fig.6) host interface translucent panels;

- PP.9, 10 (Fig.7, 7a) - host junction of the roof of the greenhouse with a gutter.

This technical solution has the following disadvantages. During the operation of greenhouses, namely in the case of artificial maintain inside temperature and humidity conditions required for growing different is the thoron skylights couples settle out of the atmosphere inside the greenhouse. What would be a high degree of insulation was not used in the construction of greenhouses, on the lower (inner) surface of the translucent roof because of a difference of atmospheres inside and outside the greenhouse condensation of water vapor atmosphere. This condensate reduces the level of natural light inside the greenhouse. In addition, and this is much more serious, small drops of condensation increases, are merged into larger, and finally, overcoming the surface tension and adhesion (sticking) to the surface, flowing inside the greenhouse. First, this adversely impacts on cultivated plants, which are not desirable from an agronomic point of view, and, secondly, the drops of condensate flowing down the inner surface of the roof and lateral walls of the greenhouse, adversely affect the structural elements in the greenhouse ventilation vents, false window sash roof and vertical false window sash, roof purlins and side walls, racks, supports, and so on). Metal structural elements greenhouses are corrosion process. Plastic (rubber, plastic, and so on) elements for the construction of greenhouses under the influence of condensate and dissolved substances) are subjected to the process of premature aging and traytables, the appearance of gaps in the arches ventilation, etc. As a consequence, this leads to deterioration of the operating characteristics of greenhouses, increased consumption of energy and fluids to maintain the required temperature and humidity inside the greenhouse to ensure the agronomic requirements for growing crops. In the construction of greenhouses on this technical solution does not provide for special measures for the effective removal of condensate formed on the inner surfaces of the roof and wall construction of the greenhouse, which negatively affects both cultivated plants and design elements of the greenhouse. Following the disadvantage of this technical solution is not reliable operation of the joint (connection) bottom trim, ventilation vents with the underlying section of the roof of the greenhouse. This is because the longitudinal insulating gasket (POS.60 in Fig.5) performs multiple functions. Its main function is the formation of a plastic insulating strip between the lower binding ventilation vents with the underlying section of the roof of the greenhouse, i.e. to ensure this function, the interface should be as deformable (plastic). of the required rigidity of the connection, i.e., to perform this function, the connection must be as hard. Naturally, the simultaneous presentation of opposite requirements to the same element in the construction of greenhouses, namely the junction of the ventilation vents with the underlying sections of the roof, leading to a compromise, i.e., provided some intermediate characteristics of the junction, which perform the required functions are not in the best form. As a consequence, this leads to the fact that if the greatest extent will run requirements maximum deformability (ductility) of the junction to provide the required isolation between the lower vent piping vents and the underlying section of the roof of the greenhouse, this leads to the necessity of using a very soft lining. This may cause the vent window will have the opportunity to move relative to other parts of the roof of the greenhouse under the influence of wind loads, drop down solid and liquid precipitation, and other reasons. As a consequence, the gasket will be intensively used up, fall into disrepair, which in turn, will lead to loss of tightness. If the greatest extent will run requirements maximum gesture is Shi greenhouses, this can lead to the formation of places of gapping, which lead to loss of tightness of the joints and, consequently, the leakage of warm air from the greenhouse, i.e. to increased consumption of energy to provide the required characteristics of the atmosphere inside the greenhouse for cultivation of agricultural plants. In the end, it is necessary to apply a compromise solution, i.e. to use the gasket, on the one hand soft enough to provide education sufficiently flexible insulating strip between the ventilation vents and the underlying part of the roof, and on the other hand, this gasket must be rigid enough to provide stable support for the ventilation vents.

Another option is the construction site of the junction of the lower binding ventilation vents with the underlying parts of the roof of the greenhouse is disclosed in the application of the Netherlands No. 9201651, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 18.04.94, in which the profile of the lower binding ventilation vents made with the tab on the bottom end resting on the shelf podvolochnoe run and closed cavity in which is placed a flexible cushioning element, relying on the shelf podvolochnoe run (see Fig.2). This construction allows to obtain, with about blunt on the lower end of the lower binding ventilation vents with shelf podvolochnoe run and on the other hand, a sufficient degree of tightness of the junction of the vestibule, is provided by the use of flexible cushioning strip (element) between the lower vent piping vents and podporucznik run. However, this solution has some drawbacks. As follows from Fig.2, flexible cushioning gasket rests on the rib podvolochnoe run, i.e., the entire load from ventilation vents is transmitted to the flexible cushioning gasket, but compresses it to until the tab on the bottom tip profile for lower binding ventilation vents will not touch (hit) shelves podvolochnoe run and only then load from ventilation vents will be split between the points of support - protrusion on the lower end of the profile bottom trim, ventilation vents, flexible cushioning pad and the node junction of the upper trim ventilation vents with ridge profile of the greenhouse, moreover, flexible cushioning gasket rests on the shelf podvolochnoe run very hard its place, directly above the rib podvolochnoe run, which leads to excessive load on the flexible cushioning gasket, premature wear is combined with compressibility actually flexible shock-absorbing padding and provides insulating properties of the junction, when a significant load can cause a section of the inner cavity can be reduced almost to zero and the flexibility of the cushioning strip will be provided almost exclusively due to the elastic deformation of this strip, which has physical limits.

Following the lack of technical solutions according to the patent EP 0744121 B1 is the inability fast, easy and convenient installation (at initial installation of greenhouses) and replacement (repair, maintenance) ventilation vents in the greenhouse. In Fig.4 shows a section of the upper part of the greenhouse - ridge profile and adjacent parts of the vents. As follows from Fig.4, in the assembled state of the loop (38) ventilation vents (34) is fixed in the grooves of the recess (37) of the ridge (35) thus, in order to ensure the possibility of lifting (rotation) of the ventilation vents at a certain angle (as follows from the drawing, the rotation angle is less than 90°), while ensuring the reliability of fixing of hinges (38) ventilation vents (39) in the slots (37) of the ridge (35). As follows from Fig.4, with this in mind, ventilation pane (39) can only go in one way, namely by inserting the ventilation window (39) in the ridge profile (35) dollina, and width (see application of the Netherlands No. 9201524, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 01.04.93 and Belgium patent No. 1005363 A3, 01 G, publ. 06.07.93), and in the case of the so-called "tape" ventilation, i.e. air vents along a considerable part of the ridge shape or even along the entire ridge of the profile (see the application of the Netherlands No. 9101442, IPC(5) a 01 G 09/14, publ. 16.03.93, Belgium patent No. 1006370 A3, IPC And 01 G, publ. 02.08.94), almost impossible, because the weight of the ventilation vents can be very significant.

Roof (any) of the greenhouse consists of a set of translucent panels, the size of which (as in length, hook and width) depend on many factors, the most significant of which are the rigidity (Flexural strength) used translucent material such as glass (which, in turn, depends on material thickness and so on), and convenience during installation (maintenance, repair, replacement) of these panels. Therefore, before developers greenhouses is always the problem of providing a reliable interface translucent panels, which can be solved in a variety of ways. In the technical solution according to the patent EP 0744121 B1 variants of the junction of the translucent panels (along the ridge profile is reflected in paras. 2, 3, 8 claims (see Phi design. For example, the intersection of two translucent panels, shown in Fig.3 (PP.2, 3 claims), contains a flange (18) with a drilled hole in it (20) screw (27), which presses sealer (24) and a metal cap (26) through an insulating insert (23) to the flange (18), thereby fastening the top of the translucent panels (15). From the bottom of the junction of Spros roof (16) using the bolt (17) is attached to the girder roof (12), and through the flexible strip (Fig.3 not labeled), pressing the bottom of the translucent panel (15). As the complex construction of the junction of the translucent panels (15), is shown in Fig.6 (p. 8 claims). Considering the cross section of the greenhouse (transversely ridged profile), you can see that in all versions of the greenhouse (regardless of the presence or absence of the Central and/or intermediate columns (supports)) the weight of the roof greenhouses (including weight ventilation, mullions and runs roof, transparent coatings, and so on) is distributed between the two points of support - the upper part of the ridge shape and a side wall, i.e. from the point of view of the course of strength of materials in this case we deal with an inclined beam, resting on supports of different heights (see Fig.2, 4, 7, 7a).Complex Naga is) is stretched, and the middle part of it (at the connection level with hinge (38) ventilation vents (39)) is in compression. At operation greenhouse, the connection is subjected to a variable load (opening-closing ventilation vents, wind loading, impact of liquid and solid precipitation, and so on), forcing to produce skate profile with the strength, to ensure reliable trouble-free operation under the most adverse conditions, i.e., by summing all adverse factors, and ultimately ridge profile obtained material too. Further, when the profile is in use (38) in a variant of the same (fixed) position the roof of the greenhouse, you may need a rigid fixation profile (38) and the ridge (35). To make this possible, drilling a hole in a vertical jumper profile (38) screw (screws) and then in the thickened part of the ridge (35) (which is obvious from Fig.4). It is inconvenient to do because of the need to ensure a perpendicular position of the drill relative to the drilled jumper profile (38), which is practically very difficult to achieve in the field during installation of the greenhouse when the profile (38) is already inserted in the ridge (35). It is evident from Fig.4 shows that to drill a hole very clobber the ISP open cavity (46), designed for the locking element (45), as an integral part of the flexible cap (42).

The famous site of the junction of the upper trim ventilation vents (roof) of the greenhouse and the ridge shape of the greenhouse, in which the above disadvantages to some extent resolved (see patent EPO 0529725 A1, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 03.03.93). In this embodiment, it is possible drilling holes in the profile of the upper trim of the roof of the greenhouse perpendicular to the flat part of the profile of the upper trim of the roof of the greenhouse and later in the ridge of the greenhouse. However, in this embodiment, very difficult (almost impossible) to drill without special tools, the hole at an angle other than normal to the flat lintel profile top strapping the roof of the greenhouse. Another serious disadvantage of this technical solution is the excessive complexity of the nodes joint separate the structural elements of the greenhouse, in particular the translucent panels (7) using the bolt (screw) connection (Fig.3, 6). The mere use of nodes with bolt (screw) compounds involves the execution of two rather time-consuming operations - the operation of drilling holes in the manufacture of greenhouses in the factory usloviyami, the complexity of the design of the connecting nodes using bolt (screw) compounds leads to the formation of a significant amount of closed cavities, surfaces of the articulation of different elements in complex space forms (see Fig.3, 6), which can lead to the accumulation of moisture (condensation) in these cavities and joints, premature aging, wear of these components and, as a consequence, deterioration of the operating characteristics of greenhouses in General.

A rather complicated structure of the mount of translucent panels (15) in the longitudinal (along the ridge shape of the greenhouse) and transverse (along the roof of the greenhouse. As can be seen, for example, from Fig.3, it uses a significant amount of structural elements apart mullions (16) of the roof, namely the sealing plate (24, 25), a metal cap (26), the insulating element (23), screws (17, 27). False window sash (16) of the roof are connected with the runs (17) of the roof using screws, and symmetrically located open cavity inserted cushioning strip (Fig.3 is shown, but not labeled) through which the false window sash (16) roof fits the bottom surface of the translucent panels is hnei the surface of the translucent panels (15). Such technical solution material, structurally complicated, time-consuming during installation (service) greenhouses, unreliable in operation and the ingress of condensate and dissolved substances in the internal cavity of the connection node of translucent panels (15) and muntin bars of the roof (16).

The purpose of the proposed technical solutions are improving the efficiency of removal of condensate from inner surfaces of the roof of the greenhouse and ventilation; improving the reliability of the junction of the vestibule ventilation vents with the underlying parts of the roof of the greenhouse; the provision of a robust and reliable connection translucent roof panels of a greenhouse; simplifying the process of Assembly-disassembly ventilation skate skiing depends on the profile of the greenhouse; ensuring the rigidity of the mounting profile of the upper trim of the roof of the greenhouse to the ridge profile; reduction of the consumption of the ridge shape of the greenhouse.

To achieve these goals in a greenhouse containing an armature consisting of a profiled metal beams, in particular vertical muntin bars (2) and muntin bars of the roof (4), runs roof (3) and runs side walls (1), ridge profile (6), ventilation (5), made, for example, of aluminum is it (7), manufactured from glass, plastic or similar transparent material, in which the ridge profile (6) is made with a groove, in which the spin loop ventilation (5), fixed at the top (open) and bottom (closed) state, using the rods mechanism (17) for closing-opening ventilation (5), top rail which is made in the form of the profile (14) with an open cavity, covering the translucent panel (7), and a shelf for placing it muntin bars (13) ventilation (5), and bottom rail with ventilation (5) is made in the form of the profile (16) from the top shelf to accommodate her translucent panels (7), the first open cavity for accommodation of muntin bars (13) ventilation (5) and through the bottom shelf resting at the bottom (closed) state of the ventilation vents (5) through a flexible cushioning gasket (12) on Podgoretsky profile (18) of the underlying part of the roof of the greenhouse, and the translucent panel (7) the roof of the greenhouse are interconnected along the ridge shape of the greenhouse with the false window sash (4) the roof of the greenhouse, which are the top countries rely on Podgoretsky profile (18) or profile (23) of the upper strapping the roof of the greenhouse, and on the bottom is Litsa - the connecting profile (10) with shelves for placing the translucent panels (7), top rail (14) ventilation vents (5) is made with a loop in the form of a cylindrical surface with a generatrix in the form of an open circle with a concavity on the outer surface, providing initial installation of the loop of the upper binding (14) ventilation vents (5) in a vertical position in the groove of the ridge profile (6) greenhouses with the installation of the specified binding (14) in the work (the top open and the bottom closed) position by rotation around the longitudinal axis of the ridge profile (6), bottom rail (16) ventilation vents (5) is made from the second open cavity with l-shaped ledge, facing down, and the bottom shelf to accommodate a profile (9) for fixing the translucent panels (7) and a shank for mounting the rods mechanism (17) opening and closing the ventilation vents (5), Podgoretsky profile (18) on the side facing the ridge profile (6) greenhouses made with the console located, upward first open cavity for placing an arrow-pointed part of the flexible cushioning strip (12), under which there is a first packaway wall of the greenhouse, the specified profile (18) is made from the second open cavity for placement of her translucent panels (7), under which there is a second shelf and an l-shaped ledge for shpresa (4) of the roof, and on the bottom edge of the second shelf is the third open-ended cavity to accommodate a shelf bracket (19) mounting, the connecting profile (10) for connection of translucent panels (7) are made with an internal closed cavity to accommodate a connecting part (11) for fastening the specified connection profile (10) to the false window sash (4) the roof of the greenhouse, and the lower profile (20) strapping the roof of the greenhouse is made with top shelf to accommodate her translucent panels (7) and the first open cavity with l-shaped, facing down ledge for placement of her profile (9) for fixing the translucent panels (7), the second open cavity with a shelf for placement therein of the lower end of the muntin bars (4) the roof of the greenhouse and the third open cavity to accommodate a lateral edge of the gutter (8).

The greenhouse can be performed so that the top rail (21) the roof of the greenhouse is made with a loop in the form of a cylindrical surface with a generatrix in the form of an open surface with concavity n is ulozhenie in the groove of the ridge profile (6) when the installation of greenhouses with the installation of the specified binding fixed in the working position by rotation around the longitudinal axis of the ridge profile (6), and the installation of screw-self-tapping screw into the hole drilled through the specified concavity to the body of the ridge profile (6) to ensure rigid fixation of the specified binding with ridge profile (6) greenhouses; profile (9) for fixing the translucent panels (7) are made with the l-shaped ledge, facing upwards, which is located in the second open cavity profile (16) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5), and an open cavity with a shelf for placement of her translucent panels (7) and the said panel (7) rely on the same plane on the shelf open cavity in the specified profile (9) and the top shelf profile (16) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5) or profile (20) for coupling mullions (4) roof with a gutter (8); Podgoretsky profile (18) from the side facing the ventilation window (5), made with an edge for the rest of the profile (16) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5), the height of which is less than the external diameter of the flexible cushioning strip (12) in the undeformed state, hosted in a console located an open cavity in the specified profile (18), and provides the position of the ventilation vents (5) in the lower (closed) position, the deformation of atmosphere, and a console located an open cavity in the specified profile is made with a curved inside edges for placing and fixing the specified strip (12); shelves of the connecting profile (10) for connection of translucent panels (7) are made with G-shaped protrusions for posting on these boards (7), internal closed cavity to accommodate a connecting part (10) has a box-shaped, such as rectangular cross-section, and the lower bound of the specified profile (10) with a first open cavity for collecting and draining condensate from the inner surface of the roof of the greenhouse, moreover, the top face of the specified profile (10) is made with an open cavity with a curved inside edges to accommodate a protective element; flexible cushioning strip (12) is made in the form of a closed cylindrical surface with an inner generatrix in the undeformed state in the form of a full circle and the arrow-shaped protrusion on the outer surface To install the gasket (12) in the console situated an open cavity podvolochnoe profile (18), the wall thickness of the specified strip (12) is chosen equal to 0,02-0,4 its diameter; Spros (4) the roof of the greenhouse is made with the rhna open cavity for placing an arrow-shaped-pointed end of the protective element and with an internal closed cavity of the box-shaped trapezoidal cross-section, the basis of the specified shpresa (4), made with two symmetrically arranged curved legs and a T-shaped groove for accommodating, for example, heads of bolts, comes from the upper part of the specified shpresa (4) in an open cavity podvolochnoe profile (18) and rests on an l-shaped ledge that profile, and on the lower side is in an open cavity of the lower profile (20) and rests on the bottom shelf of this profile, with the upper open cavity is made with a curved inside walls and shelves for placing the translucent panels (7) made with the protrusions; Spros (13) ventilation vents (5) is made with two symmetrically arranged side open compartments with shelves for placement of translucent panels (7) ventilation vents (5), the upper open cavity for placing an arrow-shaped-pointed end of the protective element and with an internal closed cavity of the box-shaped rectangular cross-section, and the basis of the specified shpresa (13) is made with two symmetrically arranged curved legs, resting on the top side of the specified shpresa (13) on the shelf profile (14) upper trim ventilation vents (5), and from the bottom side alazanagrichay open cavity is made with a curved inside edges, and shelves for placing the translucent panels (7) are made with the tabs.

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the greenhouse of Fig.2 presents a cross-section (a-a) the roof of the greenhouse (Spros roof), and Fig.3-joint lower binding ventilation vents with the underlying part of the roof of the greenhouse of Fig.4 - joint translucent roof panels of the greenhouse of Fig.5 - the junction of the ridge shape with the upper harness the ventilation vents of Fig.6 - the junction of the ridge shape with the upper rail roof of the greenhouse (option).

The greenhouse (Fig.1) consists of runs of the side walls 1, the vertical mullions 2, girders of the roof 3, muntin bars of the roof 4, ventilation 5, (Fig.1 shows only one vent is alright, but there may be more), ridged profile 6, the translucent panels 7. In Fig.1, which shows the General schematic view of the greenhouse, not shown, the base, the end wall of the greenhouse, support columns, the device opening and closing the ventilation vents, the system provide the necessary temperature and humidity and so on, the Roof of the modern greenhouse is a rather complicated structure, the requirements of which have been discussed above and in its composition (Fig.2) are false window sash 4 roof ridge n the inner side of the roof of the greenhouse), profiles 9 for mounting the translucent panels 7, the profile 10 to connect the translucent panels 7, the connecting part 11, a flexible cushioning element 12, false window sash 13 ventilation vents, the profile 14 of the upper strapping ventilation vents, connective pads 15, the profile 16 of the waist ventilation vents, the mechanism 17 of the opening and closing of the ventilation vents (shown schematically), Podgoretsky run 18, 19 mounting brackets, profile 20 for coupling mullions 4 roof with a gutter 8. In a non-closed hollow profiles 10 to connect the translucent panels 7, muntin bars 4 of the roof and mullions 13 ventilation vents are inserted protective caps (Fig.2, 4 not shown) to prevent the ingress of liquid precipitation inside the greenhouse. In Fig.3, 4, 5, 6 in an enlarged scale showing the individual parts of the greenhouse - joints of the waist 16 of the ventilation vents with the underlying part of the roof of the greenhouse (Fig.3), the intersection of two translucent panels 7 of the greenhouse (Fig.4), variants of the junction of the ridge profile 6 greenhouses with the upper harness 14 ventilation vents (Fig.5) and the top of the harness 20 Krishi greenhouses (Fig.6). All of these figures shows the structural elements of the greenhouse, their geometricheskie the use profile 20 (the length of the parts of this profile is selected, for example, equal to 6 m). Drain in the gutter 8 profile 20 with holes, through which condensate is removed from the inside of the roof of the greenhouse, flowing as the false window sash 4 roof and the inner surface of the translucent panel 7, and holes are made at the level of the shelf adjacent to the tray. False window sash 4 roof is fastened to the profile 20 using clamps, bolts, nuts, washers - this is the usual option attachment. In Fig.2 mount shown conventionally - axial line. To steel purlins 3, located on the roof of the greenhouse, false window sash 4 roof greenhouses are fastened by means of brackets 19 attachment (for example, 30 mm wide). The upper part of the muntin bars 4 of the roof is attached to podvolochnay run 18 similar fastening to the profile 20 (using clamps, bolts, nuts, washers). The length of individual components podvolochnoe girder 18 is selected, for example, is also equal to 6 m drain in the Central internal cavity of mullions 4 roof in podverstachem run 18 holes at the level of the tray podvolochnoe girder 18. Podporozhye girders 18 are attached to the supporting purlins by means of brackets 19 mounting, for example, 30 mm wide (see Fig.2). To seal the joint translucent panels 7 (izgotovlennoe 19 fixing to steel purlins 3 roof) between the false window sash 4 roof installed profiles 10 to connect the translucent panels 7, moreover, the profiles 10 are attached to the false window sash 4 roof with the connecting parts 11, for example, a length of 100 mm, the Condensate collecting in the tray of the profiles 10, is discharged into trays, available in the lower part of the muntin bars 4 of the roof, through the gaps between the walls of the muntin bars 4 and the ends of the profiles 10. Bottom rail 16 of the ventilation vents when it is of considerable length, such as along the entire greenhouse, made from separate parts, for example, a length of 6 m and are interconnected by means of overlays 15, bolts, nuts, washers similar to the connection of other parts of the greenhouse (Fig.2 the connection shown conventionally - axial line). False window sash 13 ventilation vents are connected with the upper 14 and lower piping 16 ventilation vents screws, for example, 4 pieces on each sproc 13 ventilation vents. In the lower frame 16 ventilation vents next to each sproson 13 ventilation vents with holes, for example two to drain into the tray podvolochnoe run 18 on the lower shelves of shpresa 13 ventilation vents. The fastening of the bottom glass in translucent panels 7 and ventilation air vents by using profiles 9, for example, length 40 mm, two pieces of glass. The shape of the profile 9 is designed in such a way that cor is forging mullions 4 roof with a gutter 8, and glass lay on the top shelf of these profiles 16 and 20 and abuts the open cavity profiles 9. It should be noted that the profile 9 is set by turning the specified profile 9 counterclockwise to install Windows (see the arrows in Fig.2), and for this purpose the height of the small shelves profile 9 is made smaller than the height of the open cavities in the profiles 16, 20, and immediately prior to installation of the glass profile 9 is shifted in the direction along podvolochnoe profile and then after you install the glass is installed in a working position. Top rail 14 of the ventilation vents connected with ridge profile 6 with swivel (see Fig.5, 6), the working angle which is equal to, for example, 50°, and the shape of the upper loop of the strapping 14 ventilation vents (Fig.5) and the upper trim 21 the roof of the greenhouse (Fig.6) is made of such form that provides a simple installation of the ventilation vents, and roof of the greenhouse due to the performance of the upper surface of the upper loop straps 14 (21) with the tab, making it easy to couple them (insert loop of the upper studs 14, 21 in the cylindrical open cavity of the ridge profile 6) by turning along the ridge profile 6 (Fig.6 clockwise streski 14 (21)). If necessary, additional rigid fixation of the upper trim 21 the roof of the greenhouse to the ridge profile 6 after installation of the roof of the greenhouse in the groove of the upper loop of the strapping 21 the roof of the greenhouse and skate skiing depends profile 6 drilled hole length, allowing you to screw it screw securely connecting the above elements of the construction of the greenhouse. Working angle swivel top strapping 14 ventilation vents is usually chosen equal to twice the angle (from horizontal) ventilation vents in the closed position (for example, 25° below the horizon, that, as a rule, coincides with the General slope of the roof of the greenhouse), and the open position (for example, 25° above the horizon). The mechanism 17 of the opening and closing of the ventilation vents in Fig.2 shows schematically, as an example of possible implementation you can specify patents GDR No. 213117, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ.05.09.84, the Federal Republic of Germany patent No. 3126788 C2, INC4 a 01 G 9/20, publ. 21.04.88, RF patents №2001553 C1, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 30.10.93. No. 2028758 C1, MPK a 01 G 9/14, publ. 20.02.95 and other Ridge profile 6, made of separate sections (length, e.g. 6 m) are interconnected by means of brackets, bolts, nuts, washers, same as described above. In those places where there is no ventilation to (Fig.6 the attachment shows the relative axial lines) similar to the above. The joints of the waist 16 of the ventilation vents with the underlying part of the roof of the greenhouse (the bottom of the porch of the ventilation vents) with flexible cushioning pads 12 (made, for example, rubber), arrow-pointed ends of which are inserted into the open cavity podporucznik runs 18 and closed cavity perform the role of a damping element, which is described in detail above. Part of the waist 16 of the ventilation vents (length, e.g. 6 m) are connected between the two plates 15 by means of bolts, nuts, washers. Upper strapping 14 ventilation vents (length, for example, 6 m) are connected in the same way.

Comparative analysis of the proposed technical solution allows to conclude that the totality of the claimed features of the technical solution of the unknown from the previous prior art and, therefore, meets the criteria of the invention "novelty".

Of patent and technical literature available for professionals, unknown to achieve these goals, the implementation, in particular, the junction of the vestibule ventilation vents with podporucznik profile directly on the edge and certainrelations vents with a loop in the form, providing both initial installation of studs with installation of greenhouses and subsequent installation in the operating position, the execution profile for mounting the translucent panels with l-shaped ledge and an open cavity with a shelf for placement of these panels and so on, according to the point 1. the claims and, thus, the proposed technical solution meets the requirement of the criterion of the invention "inventive step".

The proposed solution can be used in the construction of greenhouses for production of various vegetable, fruit, medicinal and flower crops in conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent coating and, thus, the proposed solution meets the requirements of the criteria of the invention "industrial applicability".

The test results confirm the high efficiency of the proposed technical solutions, in particular, were able to increase the efficiency of removal of condensate from inner surfaces of the roof of the greenhouse and ventilation, to increase the reliability of the junction of the vestibule ventilation with the underlying parts of the greenhouse, to provide a simple and reliable connection sweep is ROFILE greenhouses, to ensure the rigidity of the mounting profile of the upper trim of the roof of the greenhouse to the ridge profile, to reduce the consumption of the ridge shape of the greenhouse.

Claims

1. Greenhouse, containing an armature consisting of a profiled metal beams, in particular vertical muntin bars (2) and muntin bars of the roof (4), runs roof (3) and runs side walls (1), ridge profile (6), ventilation (5), made, for example, of aluminum and/or other alloys, in which the elements of the greenhouse frame is mounted with the use of translucent panels 7, e.g. made from glass, plastic or similar transparent material, in which the ridge profile (6) is made with a groove, in which spin loop ventilation (5), fixed at the top (open) and bottom (closed) state, using the rods mechanism (17) for closing-opening ventilation (5), top rail which is made in the form of the profile (14) with an open cavity, covering the translucent panel (7), and a shelf for placing it muntin bars (13) ventilation (5), and bottom rail with ventilation (5) is made in the form of the profile (16) with ver is her muntin bars (13) ventilation (5), and through the bottom shelf resting at the bottom (closed) state of the ventilation vents (5) through a flexible cushioning gasket (12) on Podgoretsky profile (18) of the underlying part of the roof of the greenhouse, and the translucent panel (7) the roof of the greenhouse are interconnected along the ridge shape of the greenhouse with the false window sash (4) the roof of the greenhouse, which with the upper hand based on Podgoretsky profile (18) or profile (23) of the upper strapping the roof of the greenhouse, and on the lower side of these false window sash are guided through the lower profile (20) on the gutter (8), and along the slope of the roof of the greenhouse connecting profile (10) - with shelves for placing the translucent panels (7), characterized in that it top rail (14) ventilation vents (5) is made with a loop in the form of a cylindrical surface with a generatrix in the form of an open circle with a concavity on the outer surface, providing initial installation of the loop of the upper binding (14) ventilation vents (5) in a vertical position in the groove of the ridge profile (6) greenhouses with the installation of the specified binding (14) in the work (the top open and the bottom closed) position by turning it around the longitudinal axis of the ridge profile (6), bottom rail (16) Ventil shelf for placement of her profile (9) for fixing the translucent panels (7) and a shank for mounting the rods mechanism (17) opening and closing the ventilation vents (5), Podgoretsky profile (18) on the side facing the ridge profile (6) greenhouses made with the console located upward of the first open cavity for placing an arrow-pointed part of the flexible cushioning strip (12), under which there is a first shelf for collecting and draining condensate from the inside of the ventilation vents (5), and from the side facing the side wall of the greenhouse, the specified profile (18) is made from the second open cavity for placement of her translucent panels (7), under which are the second regiment and the l-shaped ledge for shpresa (4) of the roof, and on the bottom edge of the second shelf is the third open-ended cavity to accommodate a shelf bracket (19) mounting, the connecting profile (10) for connection of translucent panels (7) are made with an internal closed cavity to accommodate a connecting part (11) for fastening the specified connection profile (10) to the false window sash (4) the roof of the greenhouse, and the lower profile (20) strapping the roof of the greenhouse is made with top shelf to accommodate her translucent panels (7) and the first open cavity with l-shaped facing down ledge for placement of her profile (9) for fastening the owls (4) the roof of the greenhouse and the third open cavity to accommodate a lateral edge of the gutter (8).

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the top rail (21) the roof of the greenhouse is made with a loop in the form of a cylindrical surface with a generatrix in the form of an open surface with concavity on the outer surface, which provides the initial installation of the selected binding in a vertical position in the groove of the ridge profile (6) when the installation of greenhouses with the installation of the specified binding fixed in the working position by rotation around the longitudinal axis of the ridge profile (6), and allows you to set a screw-self-tapping screw into the hole drilled through the specified concavity to the body of the ridge profile (6) to ensure rigid fixation of the specified binding with ridge profile (6) of the greenhouse.

3. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the profile (9) for fixing the translucent panels (7) are made with the l-shaped ledge, facing upwards, which is located in the second open cavity profile (16) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5), and an open cavity with a shelf for placement of her translucent panels (7), and these panels (7) are based in the same plane on the shelf open cavity in the specified profile (9) and the top shelf profile (16) of the lower obvazki the CA on p. 1, characterized in that Podgoretsky profile (18) from the side facing the ventilation window (5), made with an edge for the rest of the profile (16) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5), the height of which is less than the external diameter of the flexible cushioning strip (12) in the undeformed state, hosted in a console located an open cavity in the specified profile (18), allowing you to position the ventilation vents (5) in the lower (closed) position by the deformation of the specified strip (12) to the state guarantee reliable isolation of the inner volume of the greenhouse from the outside atmosphere, and a console located an open cavity in the specified profile (18) is made with a curved inside edges for placing and fixing the specified strip (12).

5. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the shelves of the connecting profile (10) for connection of translucent panels (7) are made with G-shaped protrusions for posting on these boards (7), internal closed cavity to accommodate a connecting part (10) has a box-shaped, for example, rectangular cross-section, and the lower bound of the specified profile (10) with a first open cavity for collecting and draining condensate from the inside of the curled inward flanges to accommodate a protective element.

6. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the flexible cushioning strip (12) is made in the form of a closed cylindrical surface with an inner generatrix in the undeformed state in the form of a full circle and the arrow-shaped protrusion on the outer surface to install the gasket (12) in the console button open cavity podvolochnoe profile (18), the wall thickness of the specified strip (12) is chosen equal to 0,02-0,4 its diameter.

7. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that sproc (4) the roof of the greenhouse is made with two symmetrically arranged shelves for placing the translucent panels (7) the roof of the greenhouse and the upper open cavity for placing an arrow-shaped-pointed end of the protective element and with an internal closed cavity of the box-shaped trapezoidal cross-section, the basis of the specified shpresa (4), made with two symmetrically arranged curved legs and a T-shaped groove for accommodating, for example, heads of bolts, comes from the upper part of the specified shpresa (4) in an open cavity podvolochnoe profile (18) and rests on an l-shaped ledge that profile, and on the lower side is in an open cavity bottom prof is R sides, and shelves for placing the translucent panels (7) are made with the tabs.

8. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that it sproc (13) ventilation vents (5) is made with two symmetrically arranged side open compartments with shelves for placement of translucent panels (7) ventilation vents (5), the upper open cavity for placing an arrow-shaped-pointed end of the protective element and with an internal closed cavity of the box-shaped rectangular cross-section, and the basis of the specified shpresa (13) is made with two symmetrically arranged curved legs, resting on the top side of shpresa (13) in the shelf profile (14) the upper trim ventilation vents (5), and on the lower side of the specified shpresa (13) in the regiment first non-closed hollow profile (10) bottom trim, ventilation vents (5), with the upper open cavity is made with a curved inside walls and shelves for placing the translucent panels (7) are made with the tabs.



 

Same patents:

Film greenhouse // 2222934
The invention relates to agriculture and can be used to shelter the plants when they are growing

Greenhouse // 2207752
The invention relates to the field of agriculture

The greenhouse team // 2196420
The invention relates to the field of agriculture, and is intended for cultivation of agricultural crops in greenhouses

Saving greenhouse // 2165690
The invention relates to a device for crop production in greenhouses

Folding window // 2156056

The invention relates to the field of building constructions multiple purposes, which can be used as a warehouse floor type

Greenhouse // 2116024
The invention relates to agricultural construction, in particular for the construction of greenhouses heated by warm water

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the construction of cellars, designed for storing fruits, vegetables, and other household needs

The invention relates to the construction, particularly to clamps designed to interlock with each other dome and frame forming the casing of the flashlight or exhauster

Roof window // 2208108
The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the attic Windows on pitched roofs in the construction of new buildings and structures, and major repair

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular for Windows, designed for installation on the roof

Roof window // 2131007
The invention relates to the field of construction and can be applied to the hinged roof Windows in the sloping roofs

The invention relates to a window, in particular for mounting on the surface of the sloping roof, which includes the main frame, and frame suspended by hinges to the top of the main frame and the handle, a lifting frame, inserted between the main frame and the frame, and one end of this arm is connected to rotate with the side part of the main frame and the other end is connected to rotate with sliding sled that way, giving the ability to move in the longitudinal direction, are connected with the corresponding side part of the above mentioned side frame or frames, that are associated with pre-stressed lifting spring since the first coupling piece on the slide rails are made so that it engages with the second connecting part connected to the lifting spring when installed on the mounting place

Ventilation grille // 2107788

Heater // 2236114
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the agro-technical adaptations to heat the water used for growing seedlings and plants in greenhouses and greenhouses for small-scale production, as well as in gardening and horticulture, and farmlands

The invention relates to the field of agricultural production

Greenhouse // 2190317
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, to designs of greenhouses with heating system

Greenhouse agromet // 2186483
The invention relates to agricultural machinery

Greenhouse // 2185722
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, cultivation facilities for growing crops
Up!