Conveyor system universal block-integral-sectional cooperatively
Conveyor system relates to agriculture and can be used in farms and small agricultural. The conveyor system consists of toconfigure, agricover and processing pipeline. Each conveyor includes forming specialized units, functional lines. In each block are specialized in the production of agricultural products. All blocks are combined into a single industrial production complex with mechanized technology for the entire cycle from cultivation of plants and animals to processing their own raw materials and production of marketable products. Conveyor system provides full industrial cycle, from cultivation of plants and animals to the production of finished products. 14 C.p. f-crystals, 71 ill.
Conveyor system universal block-integral-sectional saharoponizhayuschee (SIC BIS) (CC) relates to agriculture, namely for the construction, equipment and technical equipment of small agricultural enterprises, most of which 3], representing housing industrial complex Autonomous operation and consisting of blocks: housing premises for conducting a personal part-time farm, production (economic) for the animals, with mechanized removal of manure and milking cows, and feed that hosts the repository for the feed components with a set of equipment for mechanization of premixes preparation and feeding, as well as space for storage and repair of farm machinery, fertilizers, placement, technology, energy, sanitary-technical equipment and production and living conditions for workers. In the structure of production are also greenhouse, garden, house, pond management for the purposes of personal use or commercial production depending on its specializations.
Typically, the recommended processes for breeding animals provide blocking in the common agricultural complex domestic production and auxiliary premises on the principle of “under one roof” in the form of a monoblock, and typing projects focused on a relatively narrow specialization of production and it is determined the use of local building materials for construction creates excessive individuality of design and technological solutions, difficult to increase the degree of industrialization of small agrobiodiversity, complicates their development in the process of operation and limits the flexibility and efficiency of conversion in terms of market requirements.
The viability of small agricultural enterprises and their competitiveness mainly depends on the efficiency of production, the ability to quickly adjust technically quantitatively and qualitatively depending on the situation and demand for products, shyrokoprofilnogo based not so much on the market, how much the consumption needs of the workers, the universality of technological processes and equipment and optimal proportions, depending on demand, agricultural production both raw materials and finished products of its processing with the required properties, which entails the need to use complex technology, combining agricultural production and processing, operating on a closed cycle.
The main factors increasing the efficiency of production are high productivity, the productivity of livestock and crop production is osobennosti during the preparation, the production and feeding of forages in livestock, maintaining the required technological regimes in crop production, as well as an economical expenditure and maximum use of natural resources and disposal of waste subject to the requirements of ecology. A significant impact on the prospects of small enterprises provides quality work, based on the replacement of the hard physical labor of the intellectual at the expense of full mechanization, partial automation and computerization of production processes. All this entails additional capital investment, reducing production efficiency.
If large enterprises replenish these losses are mainly due to quantitative indicators of output growth for small businesses this index is not sufficient, therefore, a crucial role along with quantitative should take as qualitative indicators of the actual enterprise, and external indicators reduce costs throughout the life cycle, including design, manufacture, construction, installation, and operating costs.
This can be achieved through:
in the field of preda universal construction-technological scheme of the complex and the replacement of the principle of object-by-object typing, functional-sectional typing (re-design) with the subsequent integration of the desired model (re) sections in specialized units and production of a given specialization with any volume of production;
in the field of production - creating a unified construction and technological purpose multi-purpose use with a maximum plant production on large scale and mass production;
in the field of construction and installation - minimize the amount of construction and increase erection works;
- management - productivity-based flow production around the closed loop, full of partial mechanization and automation of production and transportation plant operations and computerization of production management;
- increasing productivity in livestock production by cultivation of highly productive breeds on the basis of complete, balanced feed, improving the quality of feed and feeding, and in crop production by cultivation of vegetable crops and mainly of root and tuber crops in greenhouses automated greenhouses with adjustable parameters of the medium and low-grade waste heat in ventilation air mixture and is equipped with automated production of composts, troductio on the processing of own production, working on own quality raw materials that do not require of transportation.
Many of the existing farms and projects do not meet the above requirements. Under the universality of the construction of the technological scheme means a single building-technological design, including a complete set of sectoral production on the principle of works, with closed throughout the cycle of the technology, combined with the ability of design and space-planning solutions to the exclusion of any production or development of each of them, individually and collectively depending on the functional relations, without changing the concept and the design process and during operation of the system and the ability of the design to the operational modernization or reconstruction of any of the sites and/or facilities.
Known constructive-technological solution of the buildings in the form of a multi-dimensional plan and coordinate transportation and distribution of food animals [24, 4]. Parallel spaced raznooborazie buildings interconnected in the Central part of the connecting ridges, forming together with amounts connected zda which such decision is it is applicable only to uniform sanitary and fire regulations of the premises.
Landmark on local building materials entails a multiplicity of building structures, which is reflected in the unification of technological solutions and the reduction in the degree of industrialization at the stage of manufacture of structures, and in the process of construction and installation works and complicates the design, typing, and computerization, which entails high costs of construction.
Known industrial building construction in the form of a block insulated precast polygonal structures , the use of which will, when appropriate constructive conjunction with the technological part, to increase the degree of industrialization of the complex.
The determining factor in the increased productivity is a continuous performance of the production on an industrial scale with mechanization and automation of the basic technological processes and flows around the closed loop on the basis of a single technological pipeline serving the main warehouse, loading and unloading and transport flows both in-plant and off destination, much of which especially suistanable - in the storage of fertilizers, preparation of compost and fertilizer mixtures, as well as the cultivation and harvesting of crops and other vegetable crops that require a lot of work.
Famous warehouse  from prefabricated wooden constructions made in the form of a set of separately standing in two parallel rows of cylindrical covered (polygon) tanks, foster equipped with vehicle devices, conveyors and handling devices, intended for storage of fertilizer, but do not have the versatility and ability to use it for storage and processing components of the feed.
Also known such mechanization, as the Transporter  arranged in parallel with closed chains and associated with their links scrapers and has top and bottom trays, but used usually at a fixed venue.
Known means of mechanization feeder green mass TZM-1,5  for unloading vehicles and components supply feed on other vehicles is also installed and used as a stationary mechanisms in the heated indoor spaces and do not have the versatility of being material and metal radial rotary and fixed in this position by partitions, forming with the bottom of the tower openings for discharging mechanism and equipped with loading and unloading devices. The disadvantages of this design is that it cannot be used to store simultaneously dry and succulent feed required to produce complete mixtures, and also requires for each container handling equipment that increases the cost of construction and capital expenditures on the construction and operation of a warehouse feed.
A special role in improving the productivity of animals belongs to armoricaine and distribution of food based on a balanced diet, based on detailed rules for small farms is difficult due to its complexity.
For large specialized farms this problem is solved in the feed with the complete equipment type CORK , MCC  and others, representing the combination of the five, six production lines, respectively, for different feed components each, due to the large capacity, material and degree of individuality for the various components of the feed may not be used in small farms.
For distribution of feed mixtures known tranlsate, material and sophisticated in design.
A device for batch issuance of solids , containing hopper, a sectional drum and mechanism for regulating the issuing of a portion of the compounds having structural complexity and lack of versatility of use for components with high humidity.
Known dosing device  to work with plochocki prone to coating materials, comprising a housing with placed inside the cellular rotor in the axial part of the cavity with a vibrator circular harmonic oscillations, and the rotor is connected with the control sleeve and the drive shaft via the shock absorbers, however, the disadvantage of this measuring device is the weak degree of universality in relation to components with different volumetric mass that causes the need for components with a large difference of this indicator to use my dispenser.
A characteristic feature of the peasant (farmer) economy is to work in two directions: “food production for personal use of his family in the greatest possible range of products (milk and milk products, meat, wool and sheepskin, fish, potatoes, cereals, ova”.
Private sector is considered to be the subsidiary and in the development of model projects to be considered only under highly specialized commodity production in terms of their technical equipment, while the “utility” of the economy, as vital and Central to this plan, requires more labor, and therefore, addressing the issue of productivity and especially in the preparation and distribution of animal feed and for vegetable crops and especially of root and tuber crops, which are an important component in the diet feed many animals, especially when balanced diet, and at the same time, labor-intensive crops for field growing conditions, requiring a variety of agricultural machinery, which, with relatively small volumes of production is unprofitable, and the yield unstable due to weather conditions.
Known greenhouse, S. Maksimova  for growing plants, including crops, representing a continuous mechanized conveyor, equipped powergoalgame, sowing, cultivating, cleaning machines and apparatus for processing plants and care for them, stationary mouth of the key component parts of the mechanical conveyor, hydraulic, chemical and thermal paths. The main disadvantage of this greenhouse is great complexity and metalloenergoemkostyu design.
It is also known a device for growing plants , containing the closed system of conveyors on the guides and connected through one common to all the Central plot. The device has the disadvantage that it is not fit for growing crops.
Known microtablets , consisting of a container, translucent fence, vasoselective membrane compartment of the substrate, the bottom space of the lattice, but has the disadvantage that it is designed for growing plants at positive temperatures, usually in the home.
Known greenhouse  with a two-layer film coating, the inner layer which is perforated with embedded parts with holes, which is a time-consuming operation of opening and closing in the care of the harvest and planting.
One of the factors of economical use of resources is the use of low-grade heat and chemical composition, in the form of CO2worked in ventilation systems, especially in zhivotnovodcheskogo ambient air used for growing food, however, the design of the devices located inside the livestock building, and technology complicate the mechanization and threading technological cycle of feed and animal feed.
Well-known domestic and foreign (firm “Bull LTD) mini-plants for the processing of agricultural products . For example, a container meat (KMK), consisting of 6 technological modules - shops, placed in large containers and auxiliary module; line processing of milk, cheese, butter, cottage cheese; lines for the production of bread, pastry; lines for processing of sunflower seeds, Greci, millet, rice, and so on; lines for potato processing, packing and packaging of liquid, solid, paste-like and bulk products and more. The disadvantage of all the above, and other small enterprises and production lines, as existing family farms, the individuality of construction technology and space-planning decisions, low degree of commonality for their use as part of a single universal scheme of the complex and the absence of dynamic coupling on the performance of each part of the need for personal use and the technological circuit which is capable of rapid expansion, reduction and transformation around a closed internal loop from cultivation of plants and animals to the production of finished products in small saharopovyshayuschih enterprises.
This goal is achieved by creating a universal construction of the technological scheme of the production complex is equipped with a versatile conveyor system block-integral-sectional design, representing the totality of toconfigure, agricover and processing pipeline, combined in a single technological cycle on the principle of menkominfo on the basis of: industrial flow technology in a closed loop, full mechanization and partial automation of basic production processes and flows, the unification of technological solutions and block-integral-sectional design, providing strategy unity of construction and technological devices with their full factory manufacturing, industrial methods of installation on the construction site by a single universal scheme layout characterized in that all specialized Convallaria and/or stationary construction-technological sections, collected on construction site specialized in technological lines (blocks), forming a branch of production, capable to expand, to contract, to be transformed depending on the demand for products and to ensure the functionality and continuity of traffic flows around a closed cycle from cultivation of animals and plants to the production of finished products by including:
in toconvey - automated universal flow-line feed unit 1 (Fig.2) and automated universal production line block of the animals 2 (Fig.2) comprising: a line feed block insulated polygonal cylindrical storage tanks 13 (Fig.2) with a radial partition walls 23 (Fig.4) and with a free cavity 20 (Fig.4) to be installed inside the storage tank is movable sections; mobile harvester warehouse carbometalation 35 (Fig.2); a movable section of the loading and unloading of components 34 (Fig.2), Shostakovich with the column capacity by using a docking device (Fig. 16 and 17); a movable section of the transverse conveyor 100 (Fig.20, 22); mobile sections - longitudinal conveyor 120 (Fig.23); a movable section 140 (Fig.23, 24) unloading rulewski 156 (Fig.24); unified trucks 157 on rollers with special couplers 158 (Fig.23), moving with the actuator 176 and chain gears 174 and equipped with feeders 177 (Fig.25), devices automated individual dosing of the components compiled from a set of sensors 183 (Fig.26; Fig.31, 32) individual metering components and installation 182 (Fig.26) modes trolley conveyor, as well as sections of individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders 155 (Fig.23, 24), comprising a feed hopper 162 for solid components with a universal dispensers 167 (Fig.23); the capacity of 165 for liquid components; individual mixer 166; discharge unit 161 and a set of equipment (Fig.36-46)  control line;
in agrocenoses - automated, universal production line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils 4 (Fig.2), consisting of mobile unified sections 231, 233, 236, 238 (Fig.2) used in the feed block, but with crushing equipment corresponding to the processed components; - automated universal production line 5 (Fig.2) transportation and distribution of harvest, made of unified design elements automated Istvan 248 (Fig.47) to wash the roots and leaves of the Elevator 249 (Fig.47); pipe - 6, 7 (Fig.2) autonomic container for growing mainly of root and tuber crops, and vegetable crops for personal and/or commercial use in an open area with devices 281 (Fig.53) to collect stormwater and wastewater using them in automated production lines 270 (Fig.47) vegetation, also use low-grade waste heat in air handling systems in mobile on rollers for guiding minireplicon 271 (Fig.47) with translucent caps 276 (Fig.49) and double walls or mobile open containers indoors type hotbed or greenhouse related structurally and technologically through mechanisms picking 277 (Fig.53) and razukomplektoval 278 vegetative lines with automated production line 6 (Fig.2) planting, care and harvesting, consisting of a main branch 252 (Fig.47) and auxiliary branches 253 washing and sanitizing of translucent caps minitablets, for which the main branch are equipped with mechanisms 258 removal and installation 266 translucent caps, as well as: green mower mass 259 with a grinder, grind for the seed device and a work place of harvesting plants, not ethnosemantic 5 (Fig.2), equipped with universal dispensers 167 (Fig.26); stationary harvester 262 (Fig.47) for harvesting of crops, the loading and unloading of the mixed soils, the supply of fertilizer to the plants, as well as cleaning and sanitizing of containers; a stationary unit 263 planting potatoes with seeders for root crops and vegetable crops; installation 264 liquid processing plant; roller 265 and accessories 267 (tanks, dispensers, valves, etc.), including auxiliary line 253 move and sanitary processing of translucent caps, running synchronously with the line planting, care and harvesting, which are connected by a conveyor 12 (Fig.2) with the line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils, and also by means of line 5 (Fig.2) transportation and distribution of harvest and connecting devices with a Central conveyor 11 (Fig.2), made from mobile or stationary - through-type sections - longitudinal conveyor 120 (Fig.20, 21) combining in a single continuous process chain all specialized production lines, including General section of the conveyor 8 (Fig.2) for processing of livestock products and General section conveyor 9 (Fig.2) for processing plants.
The container store has: an inner C-shaped wall 19 (Fig.4) mounted on the Central column 18 and the outer vessel wall, creating with the bottom of the tank around the perimeter of the aperture 25 to the discharge device and forming a free cavity 20 for installing a movable partition - harvester warehouse or movable section of the loading and unloading of components that slide in and out on rails with stop 21 movement, and horizontal hinged wall 32, insulated Windows that panel 33; guides 24 of the radial partition walls 23, which are equipped with sealing vertical and lower horizontal dampers 26 with the mechanism of opening and closing of the 27 gates during the preparation of succulent fodder, cell, in the upper part provided with an airtight cover to boot Windows 29, mounted on the unified resetnavpane cover 28, movable in a vertical plane, for each cell individually, the components of which require the seal of the content when loading and unloading by means of vertical impacts on the connecting device 30 of the hydraulic cylinder 31.
Mobile section of the loading and unloading of components 34 (highprofile, paired with each other, slide along the guide rails 131 (Fig.20) into the internal cavity 20 (Fig.4) varying capacity, and consists of each of one or more parts connected at the mounting site, complete depending on the functions performed, only the devices for loading and unloading components (Fig.12-17) with a drive device (Fig.18 and 19) of the working bodies or advanced technological unit (Fig.12-15) with a set of equipment, ensuring the continuous performance of technological operations and includes uniform for both sections, units and aggregates - frame 36 (Fig.12) with the chassis and the guide part 37; frame 38 mounted on it insulated enclosing devices 39 beyond capacity; the device (Fig.16 and 17) coastei docking with the column 18 (Fig.3) capacity; boot 40 (Fig.12) and the discharge 52 mechanisms to drive them and the control system (Fig.16-19); and vehicles, feed 45 (Fig.12) into the container and removing 65 from it components and their mixtures; equipped with nodes joining sections with the subsequent process by another partition, and partition - harvester warehouse carbometalation additionally equipped with technological unit 68, 69, 70, 71 technological requirements, and by a system of bunkers 73, 76, 79 (Fig.12), the loading mechanisms 46, 64 and unloading 74, 60, 61, 78 drivers of rotation (Fig.18) and the locking bodies (Fig.19), arranged in the form of gears 90, 94 (Fig.18, 19) are available for use.
The movable section is transverse conveyor 100 (Fig.22) is provided with a frame 112 to the chassis 113 and the guide roller 114; frame, with a fixed insulated enclosing the device, creating a closed, heated air volume; double-sealed openings 116 for interfacing with other mobile and stationary sections; scraper conveyor arranged in parallel with the upper branch 101 and the lower branch 102, consisting of a chain with scrapers and bottoms and are equipped with motorized docking devices 98, 99 (Fig.18) for receiving power from the harvester storage and handling section and drive docking devices that transmit power to other abutting section and the device dock with two elevators for handling of goods transported from the lower branches on the top; unified devices 115, 116 (Fig.22) for two-way end mating with the sections - longitudinal conveyor p>Mobile section - longitudinal conveyor 120 (Fig.23) is provided with a frame 126 with chassis 127 and the guide roller 128; frame, with a fixed insulated enclosing the device, creating a closed, heated air volume, flow or not flow type; scraper conveyor with parallel chains with scrapers and bottoms - top 121 and bottom 122 branches, equipped with a motorized docking devices and end unified device 129 for interfacing with other stationary or movable sections and to each other; a system of devices for installation if necessary bins with mechanized gates 125 and the control system.
Mobile section of the discharge transport feeder 140 (Fig.23, 24) has a frame 141 with chassis 142 and the guide roller 143; frame 144 with a fixed insulated building envelope, creating an indoor, heated air volume; hopper, rear insulated wall 145 which is a folding tray mechanism for lifting and lowering for the supply of vehicle components; a universal feeder 146 interchangeable pairs of folding tines 147, docking device 154 for sfig.23) differs each is equipped with a trough or vessel for the transportation of crops, bulk cargo, earthen mixes, composts, when using a ring Transporter as a vehicle or dispenser (Fig.46), equipped with sensors for the individual measuring components 183 (Fig.26; Fig.31, 32) arranged in the sensor modes 182 work trolley conveyor and provided with contact devices in the form of a numbered sensor 226 (Fig.43) to interact with elements of the equipment management system production line unit, consisting of mechanism 170 (Fig.24) switching modes trolley conveyor that includes a column 223 (Fig.39) speed combs from typesetting plates 224 and electromagnetic elements 225, contactor 228 with room sensor 226 (Fig.43) on each cart, and the lead 204 (Fig.33; Fig.37, 44) to rotate the trolley 360° around the axis in the discharge device (Fig.33, 34), which is in working condition by nomination by means of a spring (Fig.37) and retractable copier 229 (Fig.44, 36), and stops working by breaking copier 222 (Fig.38, 36). Copiers are in working condition with the help of electromagnetic remote control devices. On trucks as the 2) is a unified device, which consists of a housing 187, the bottom of which are coastie shafts 189 attached to them Cams 190 and arms 188 to manually set the required number of teeth in the comb or drives A receiving the impulse from the automation system and the top of the cell for moving teeth 185 inlaid dies 184, which in the lower part provided with a contact device with a spring which presses the teeth to the fist.
The number of combs in the sensor should correspond to the number of bins 162 (Fig.24) for solid components plus the number of tanks 165 (Fig.24) for liquid additives, plus individual mixer 166 (Fig.24). Each comb reflects the qualitative characteristics of the component.
Dialed the number of teeth in the comb determines the angle of rotation of the drive gear 168 (Fig.26) unified dispenser 167, and therefore, the number of the corresponding component of the mixture.
Because each truck is assigned to a certain type of animal (or group) that may have a different feeding regime (one-, two-, three-, four-, five), and each feeding different diets, the individual sensors dosing are arranged and fixed on a polyhedral rotor sensor the frame, the number of faces which must equal the number of feedings animal plus one zero mode, i.e. the mode in which the feed component in the feed trough or tank does not occur. The frame is fixed on a shaft rotating in bearings mounted on the vertical guides 180 (Fig.26) in a special place for each of the polyhedron defined by the dimension between the axis of the rotor shaft and the axle shaft drive gear 168 (Fig.26) uniform metering unit 167. The shaft of each rotor is a polyhedron ends on the outside of the truck with a projecting part at the end of which is fixed the gear 181 (Fig.26) for fastening with a corresponding toothed comb, recruited from movable dies 224 (Fig.40, 41, 42), to the desired angle of rotation of the rotor by an electromagnetic actuator 225 (Fig.33) or manually. Dies with the dies and the actuators are arranged in a column 223 (Fig.39) control rotor stages, each of which corresponds to a particular mode of operation of trolley conveyor and respectively multifaceted rotor with individual sensors of the measuring components with universal dispenser 167. The length of extension of the shaft of each polyhedral rotor should ensure that the dispenser 167 (Fig.27) section individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders, mounted on the feed hoppers 162 (Fig.24) has a rotor 191 (Fig.25) with cells whose walls are formed of blades having a trapezoid shape, and the body of the dispenser is the shape of a truncated cone with the transitional upper section fitted with moving along the axis of the rotor curtain 192 (Fig.30), made with converging and diverging due to the spring orifice 201, through the drive of the regulating mechanism consisting of a rod 193, traverse 194 driven by two screws 195 and nuts 196, drive 197 handwheel 198 and scale 199. The drive control mechanism connected with the mechanism 202 move back wall of the hopper to eliminate stagnant zones, providing the required set the volume of the dosed material through a given angle of rotation of the rotor during rotation of the drive gear 168 (Fig.26, 29) mounted on the longitudinal axis of the drive rotor in accordance with a comb sensor 183 individual dosing, recruit the necessary number of teeth, which is mounted on the carriage and moves with it along the guides.
The discharge unit 161 (Fig.24; Fig.33, 34) consists of: a cylindrical body 203 with a spiral guide groove 211 and the upper holding guide the m 207; the supply and exhaust of air from the nozzles 206 for mechanical cleaning of trucks and, if necessary, to heat and sanitizing last - heater 75 (Fig.12).
Individual mixer (Fig.35) consists of a housing 212 with the guides 213 for vertical movement motor with nozzles 214 216 for mixing the contents of containers trucks and mechanism for lowering and lifting attachments, consisting of a system of levers 217, electromagnetic actuator 218 with the pulses received from the drive gear 220 comb sensor individual dispensing components.
Combine harvester harvesting stationary (Fig.58-64), ensuring the continuous performance of the process, equipped with Elevator device 283 cab-bin 284 on the upper rollers 286 and lower 287 and mechanism 290 for securing and lifting a container with a drive and traverse 288 guides 289 for further horizontal movement of the cab follower 291 in tripper 293, equipped with a drive and guide 294, for subsequent transfer to the cabin after turning 180° and release of the container from the content on the operation of cleaning and sanitizing container, followed in the exercise of the bar, her sinking and further movement of the container on the operation of loading it from the container 304 CSD 305, released in sieve-thunder 299 from roots and dirt, soil mixtures amended with fertilizers coming from the hopper 310 feeder 311 in the capacity of 304 CSD 305 or unit 312 introduction of mixed soils compost and fertilizer, which consists of a tray-feeders of the inertial type, where necessary portion of the fertilizer is fed from the hopper 309 using the dispenser-dispenser 316, equipped with a number of heat distribution is equal to the number of trays feeders (Fig.61), and managed by opening the correct hole to heat the gate blocking the holes of the other chutes, and, accordingly, granting access to the supply of fertilizer to fixed this fertilizer tray-feeder, and therefore, the hopper 313, equipped with a metering device 314, and openers 315, set at a distance from each other equal to the distance between the rows of cultivated plants, and moved in the vertical plane of the actuator 317 by adjusting the dosage of the fertilizer dispensing mechanism 318, custom for a certain number of revolutions of the dispenser by means of a tapered (speed) roller is spruce 301 (Fig.59) and is fed into the sorting 320, equipped bunkers 321 universal dispensers and installed above the line of the transportation and distribution of the harvest.
Unit planting of potato and sowing of vegetables 363 (Fig.47; Fig.65-71) is stationary with the frame with bunkers 332 (Fig.65-71) for seeds, equipped with mechanized gates 333, guides 254 (Fig.47) to move containers 275 (Fig.49), the guides for vertical movement of seed unit (Fig.67), consisting of the top carbon plate 342 (Fig.67) with the slots 343 for seeds, the lower copy of the plate - gate 344, unified typesetting frames 353 - fixed top and a movable bottom with fixed - unified openers screwed-in type screw guide 349, which moves the nut 351, rotating in the bearing of the movable bottom frame 353, moving in a vertical direction using the actuator 350 (Fig.65) and torque while its axis leash Coulter 352, the lower end of which is mounted a cone-shaped flap gate 354 with ribs 355 opened when the Shoe set depth of sowing, which is achieved by using a lever mechanism for restricting the vertical movement of openers and com 356, and supply of seeds on the copy Board 342 and delete them by using the distributor - collector seeds, consisting of a feed hopper 334, mechanical shutter 336, Elevator 341 mounted on the frame 335 with rollers, moving on rails and using transbordering truck (Fig.65, 67), are installed in a given technology section for planting one plant or another, and the number of sections is determined by the method of seeding and planting and seed size, affecting nesting copy boards.
Initalize (Fig.49-52) - mobile on rollers on rails, consists of a container 275 mounted on the frame, performing the role of the air box 274 with valve and sostykovany devices 273 on the ends, and provided with double walls (Fig.49-51) over the entire surface of the container, closing the top of the fenestration cap 276 double walled, injection valve and sealing devices.
Stationary construction technology section (Fig.1) consists of the processing sections of the lines inherent in the construction section, sets of manufacturing equipment, components and parts mating with technological elements and engineering services, style and in this section the elements of communication, if possible, installed in the factory.
Thus, the proposed construction and technological design of the conveyor, being single building construction-technological scheme of the block-integral-sectional type and with versatility, functionality and unification of technological solutions, provides: labour productivity growth in the stages of design, production preparation, production, construction and installation of the complex on the basis of industrial designs; the efficiency of its development, reorganization and transformation, as well as increasing productivity in the operation due to industrial complex mechanization and automation of technological processes based on continuous technology around the closed loop, which in turn, improving the productivity of livestock and crop production by improving the quality of feeding based on balanced diets and create the optimal growing conditions of plants; increased product quality due to integrated use and processing of raw material by its own processing sector, as well as avishay the efficiency and competitiveness of production in the conditions of market economy.
Also increases the level of quality of working through the complete elimination of heavy manual work, with a simultaneous increase of the level of intellectual labor on the basis of a scientific approach to the exploitation of industrial production and creation of conditions for computerization of management; combined with the use of the simplest, because of the conditions of production reliability, system automation, based on Electromechanical circuit. Increased degree of intellectual labour and the use of computer technology makes work more attractive for young people and needs to improve the educational level. The maximum fusion of industrial commodity production from subsistence agriculture at the expense included in the block of the animals sections mixed content, based on the universality of distribution lines, and feed preparation, and use of greenhouses for automated plant growth private consumption frees up time spent on this work at the farm, thereby facilitating the labor of peasants, improving the social conditions of life.
In addition, the creation of a single universal set of small agricultural reorganisatie small agricultural industry brand type, based on quite a specific list of required equipment, as well as new approaches to the design of agricultural production with maximum use of computer equipment, and also allows you to focus research on quality indicators, and academic science in the small agricultural production and processing.
Approximate structure of the complex on the basis of a block-integral-sectional design is presented in Appendix 1 to this section.
The estimated technical and economic indicators of the complex
The area of arable land - 20-30 ha,
including the area of the complex - 0,8-1 ha
The number of employees 4 people,
Manager-agronomist-mechanic-mechanic - 1 person;
the driver-mechanic-procurer meat products - 1 person;
zoo-engineer-agronomist-operator production - 1 person;
milkmaid-livestock-procurer milk-products and crop products - 1 person
grain - 40-60 kg/ha;
perennial grasses - 50-80 kg/ha;
seeds 5-6 t/ha;
potatoes indoors-10-15 kg/ m2(1000-1500 kg/ha);
fodder root crops in greenhouses - 24-30 kg/m2(2400-3000 kg/ha).
List of drawings
Fig.1. The planning scheme and sample structure saharoponizhayuschee of menkominfo block-integral-sectional design.
Fig.2. Schematic diagram of the conveyor system universal block-integral-sectional saharoponizhayuschee (SIC BIS).
Fig.3. Section a-a of the vaults.
Fig.4. Cut 1-1 vaults.
Fig.5. View And drive mechanism of the lifting and lowering valve radial partitions.
Fig.6. Site I - diagram of the actuator of valve lift.
Fig.7. Site II - scheme of the rotating bottom of the upper bin.
Fig.8. Type B on the coupling of the upper probanker.
Fig.9. G-G - cross docking device Paludis top probanker.
Fig.10. Site III seal the joints of the panels and tanks.
Fig.11. Section 2-2 - sealing valves movable vertical partitions and the inner C-shaped walls of the container.
Fig.12. Longitudinal section b-B of the movable section - harvester warehouse.
Fig.13. Cut 1-1 combine the inventory.
Fig.14. The section 2-2 of the harvester.
Fig.15. The section 3-3 of the harvester.
Fig.16. Site II docking station and a drive device movable section with the column capacity.
Fig.17. The section 4-4 node of the driving device on the other circuit actuator valve bodies combine warehousing and other sections.
Fig.20. Scheme extension warehouse with mobile partitions.
Fig.21. The section 2-2 diagram of the mobile section of the transverse conveyor.
Fig.22. Cut 1-1 diagram of the mobile docking sections - longitudinal conveyor.
Fig.23. Section b-C. the layout of the mobile section of the transverse conveyor, a movable section of the unloading of the transport and partitioning of individual cooking, feeding and cleaning of feeders.
Fig.24. Cut 1-1 layout.
Fig.25. The section d-D section of the individual cooking, feeding and cleaning of feeders.
Fig.26. View along arrow a in the hopper section with a universal dispenser and on the rotor-sensor modes with individual sensors dosing.
Fig.27. View B on the sensor modes (option).
Fig.28. View on the mechanism of regulation of universal dispenser. The facade and the plan.
Fig.29. Node I transmission with regulatory pinion gear universal dispenser.
Fig.30. Cut 1-1 curtains volume dispenser. The section 2-2 of the curtains.
Fig.31. A view along arrow G on the individual sensor dispensing slit.
Fig.32. Cut 1-1 sensor individual dosage.
Fig.33. Section E-E. the Discharge Assembly.
Fig.34. View And unloading the unit.
eversley production line block of the animals.
Fig.37. Leash for tipping truck at the unloading device (schema).
Fig.38. The copier off leash. Type A.
Fig.39. Column speed combs (scheme).
Fig.40. Die with your teeth and drive (schema).
Fig.41. Die with your teeth and drive (option) (scheme).
Fig.42. A set of dice with teeth and drive (option) (scheme).
Fig.43. Contactor with end switch on the trolley (scheme).
Fig.44. The stopper leash with backup (scheme).
Fig.45. Cut 1-1 leash with views of the copier with the drive (scheme).
Fig.46. Section batching unit fertilizers, compost and mixed soils (scheme).
Fig.47. The plan of the greenhouse with the lines of the closed block and vegetative lines.
Fig.48. Longitudinal section line 1-1 planting, care and harvesting (scheme).
Fig.49. Section a-A. Minimalize mobile container with a translucent cap and double walls.
Fig.50. The plan mentality.
Fig.51. Cut 1-1 mentality.
Fig.52. The node A. the plug-Seal container and cap.
Fig.53. Cross-section B-B. the Cross-section of the greenhouse. The line of vegetation in the mobile minimalized.
Fig.54. View And system of air supply in line.
Fig.55. Cut 1-1 mechanism picking vegetative lines.
Fig.58. Cross-section B-B. Stationary harvester harvesting crops.
Fig.59. Cut 1-1. The same.
Fig.60. The section 2-2. The same.
Fig.61. The section 3-3. The same.
Fig.62. The section 4-4 of the hopper for fertilizer and mixed soils.
Fig.63. The drive scheme dosing of fertilizers and mixed soils.
Fig.64. The drive scheme dosing fertilizers. The node A.
Fig.65. Section b-In unit planting of potato and sowing of vegetables.
Fig.66. Cut 1-1. The same.
Fig.67. The section 2-2. The same.
Fig.68. The section 3-3 of the opener.
Fig.69. The node C. the Scheme of installation of the flap gate.
Fig.70. View And frame with backing plates of semiprivate.
Fig.71. The section 4-4 installation sameproblem with openers.
Block - a set of sections or one section, restricted end walls (solid walls) and equipped with technological openings and passages.
Conveyor system universal block-integral-sectional solarobservatory (Fig.2) consists of a set of specialized conveyors - toconfigure, agricover and processing pipeline, each of which consists of functional flow lines collected at the construction site from the appropriate construction technology sections constituting specializedbecause and support, interconnected technologically, structurally and organizationally into a single production facility, with the ability to rapid expansion, reduction and transformation depending on market conditions.
KSU-BIS includes the following process line:
in livestock production - toconvey:
- it is a universal automated production line feeding unit - see Fig.2, POS.1 (1; 2;...);
- automated universal production line 2 units animals;
- automated line 3 cleaning manure;
in crop production - agrocenoses:
- automated universal production line 4 block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils;
- automated production line 5 transportation and distribution of harvest of the closed block greenhouses;
conveyor growing container, which includes: automated production line 6 planting, care and harvesting, the closed block greenhouses; automated production line 7 vegetation in the mobile minireplicon open block greenhouses or in transportable containers closed greenhouses;
- the machinery and equipment for repair and maintenance;
in the processing production processing pipeline:
- General section conveyor 8 block processing of animal products;
- General section conveyor 9 block processing of crop products with nutrientionally functional technological lines 10.
in the “Central transport kommunikacionnye corridor:
Central conveyor food 11;
Central conveyor fertilizers, composting, mixed soils and processed for planting seeds 12 with the conveyor for waste production;
- set of engineering and technological communications with nodes joining and other details;
in auxiliary production:
- sets teploenergeticheskogo equipment block heat and power savings;
- complete sets of equipment units sanitary material and production and domestic security;
- equipment of production management and information systems.
Automated universal production line feed block (next - line KB) represents the complex stationary and mobile devices, consisting of a set arranged in two rows of polygonal cylindrical closed e is who manufacture, with conical or dome-shaped upper surface 15 (Fig.3), the C-shaped bottom 16 supported on the base 17 and is equipped inside the Central column 18 on which is mounted the upper surface, and an inner C-shaped wall 19 forming the free cavity 20, the lower part of which is located at the elevation of the site warehouse and has a solid floor with a guiding device and the limiter 21. Part of the C-shaped wall facing into the vessel, provided with guides 22 to be moved and fixed in the specified current position of the internal walls 23, anchored on the other side on the top and bottom rails 24 of the inner part of the outer wall of the vessel. The inner walls form a cell with the changing settlement volumes for storing the corresponding components in the feed unit feed. The inner wall 19 of the bottom recedes from the bottom of the container, forming an aperture 25 for the discharge device, the overlap mainly in the compartments for the storage and preparation of succulent fodder (silage) dampers 26, by using the drive device 27 with the rotation mechanism, and in the upper part of the cell-equipped sealing, moving in the vertical direction uniform gratings 28 initaive floor, boot window 29 and the supporting device 30 in contact with the cylinder 31, which is mounted on the loading device loading-unloading section and a storage processor and serves to seal the contents in the compartment.
The internal cavity 20 is blocked by a partition 32, which is installed in a horizontal position when the container performs the function of storage and is covered by a movable insulated panel 33 (Fig.4). The partition 32 creates in the lower part of the free cavity closed volume to ensure the difference between the pressure in the vessel volume and the closed volume that allows you to create a circulation of the medium, a mixture of air with carbon dioxide, and to improve the quality of storage of feed ingredients. All the tanks are connected by ducts for supply and removal of carbon dioxide-air mixture and its further use in the greenhouse. When the vault performs the function of the working capacity and is its loading and unloading, the movable panel 33 is lifted, lifting a horizontal partition in a vertical position, and in the free cavity slides through the guides 21 movable roller section handling 34 or harvester warehouse C ensure reserve, are independent devices completely prefabricated, consisting of two parts - top and bottom for easy transportation on the operating platform, where and collected in a uniform and interchangeable units in part loading and unloading. Differ one section from another by the number of functions performed, and therefore, additionally installed inside the section of technological equipment.
Section “harvester warehouse carbometalation” and section loading and unloading of components consist of the body, inside: boot device component, the device unloading components and mixtures, the drive mechanism of the working bodies and the control mechanism shut-off devices.
Section “combine” warehouse equipped with an additional device processing components and mixtures and their preparation depending on the nature of the components and mixtures (feed mixtures, mixtures of fertilizers, mixed soils) and the destination processor, which determines the universality of the structure and its unification, and divides the harvesters on carbometalation and mixture preparation.
All plant and equipment of both sections scont: frame 36 to the chassis and the guide roller 37, the frame 38 with a fixed insulated cladding panels 39 in part, beyond the vessel.
Boot device components includes: a loading conveyor 40, a hopper 41, a distributing hopper 42, consisting of two parts - Poluboyarov with connecting devices. One half of the hopper is fixed on the column capacity and the other at the C-column sections, clasping the column capacity. Both halves of the hopper provided with annular prednisone 43 (Fig.16, 17), one of which has an opening 44 above the chute conveyor-distributor 45, which rotates around a Central axis, rotates in the guide leading poludnie, which, in turn, makes using the joint device to rotate the slave poludnie to stop the conveyor-distributor above the cell capacity. The conveyor-distributor provided in the lower part of the valve 46 for uniform load cells and distribution components bunkers device processing components. The rotation of the conveyor-distributor is the lead 47 connected to the drive mechanism. The motor 48 drives the chain with flights of the conveyor. Moves to transport the handout the bunker is equipped with a scraper 50, rotating through lead 51, the feed components to the hole transfer conveyor.
The unloading device components or mixtures includes: unloading conveyor 52, equipped with a receiver 53, the discharge hopper 54, consisting of two Poluboyarov with your docking device 55. One of Poluboyarov secured the outer surface on the bottom of the vessel, and the inner forming annular capacity on the column capacity, the second probanker is fixed on the inner wall of the C-shaped column of the harvester, and the outer wall on its frame, thus forming a semicircular plate with connecting devices. Poludnie harvester has a hole 56 on the receiver conveyor, over which rotates the scraper 57, driven in rotation by a lead 58, rotating inner ring condensed slits 59.
The discharge conveyor is in the middle of the upper part of the body two foster open with chutes and slides. Flowing from the gate 60 is designed for technologically processed components and mixtures, and flowing with the gate 61 is for reloading components from one conveyor to another. The head of the unloading conveyor is equipped with the discharge chute 62 with valve and puregrow cell capacity harvester provided with a discharge unit 65, driven by a lead 66 from the drive mechanism powered by a motor 67.
Device processing component is an independent unit assembled in the factory equipment, with the possibility to be installed in the factory and on the mounting platform and is equipped with a set of additional parts and components depending on the destination processor. The unit can be installed in the section loading and unloading components, giving it a function of the harvester warehouse.
Process unit includes: a crusher 68 for concentrated feed, 69 crusher for crushing juicy and roughage, the fan 70, the mixer-zapasnik with the unloading auger role dryer, 71, cyclone 72, 73 bunkers with gates 74 and remote (from a block) equipment and components: the steam generator 75, bunkers 76 gates 77 and feeder 78, hopper 79 with the gate and chute infeed conveyor.
A storage processor for mixing fertilizers, compost and mixed soils is equipped with technological equipment, including crushers and mixture preparation drum, corresponding machined components without hardening the heart of the working bodies (Fig.18) and the linear mechanism of action (Fig.19), each made in the form of a single transmission, made in an area convenient service.
The mechanism of rotation of the working bodies acts as a drive and system management, and includes: actuator 80 of the conveyor dispenser, the actuator 81 scraper top of the hopper, the actuator 82 of the discharge unit and the actuator 83 scraper bottom of the hopper, as the section loading and unloading, and combine the inventory, being unified assemblies, including: C-shaped disc 84, fixed to the stationary C-shaped column 85 mobile partition and creating a greater angle of circumference, C-shaped worm wheel 86, rotating C-shaped disc 84 with two worms 87, ensuring continuity of the clutch C-shaped worm wheel driven in rotation by the gear 88 with two output shafts and the input shaft, driven in rotation with the drive shaft 89 connected with the respective output shaft of the gearbox 90, which, in turn, receives the necessary power from a common (group, individual) of the electric motor 91, or backup PTO of the tractor or of the internal combustion engine through the gear 92 connected simultaneously with a backup generator of electric current is CIMI bodies is provided an electromagnetic clutch 93 with Central or individual control points, which perform the function of the actuator in the automatic and manual control system. All couplings are arranged in a single node - gearbox available for use and provides compact, system, unified design of the drive.
The linear mechanism of action (Fig.19) and control the locking bodies (dampers, valves constructed according to the principle of the mechanism of rotation with a single transmission 94, where as the Executive body of the mechanism of translational movement of the electromagnetic action 95 connected to each locking body rods 96 and a system of levers 97 or other drive elements.
Mobile section, as the handling and storage harvester equipped with the layers of the working bodies of other sections - duty, self-aligning docking device 98, which is connected with mechanisms of power transmission from 99 single engine E (Fig.18).
The movable section is transverse conveyor 100 (Fig.20, 22, 24) is a scraper conveyor with parallel chains with scrapers and bottoms, consisting of upper branches 101 (Fig.14) and the bottom 102, connected to each other by the transported material the trays 107 and 108, connect flexible chutes, outstanding components from the inventory combine and partition load and unload.
The lower branch of the conveyor is equipped with a Central gate 109, - trays 110 side, accepting the goods from the section of the unloading of the transport tray 111 from the longitudinal conveyors.
All equipment is mounted on a frame mounted on the frame 112, provided with a chassis 113 and the guide rollers 114, designed to ensure the accuracy of the docking of the mobile sections with each other or with stationary nodes dock. On the frame is fixed insulated sheathing, provided in the upper and lower parts of the Windows 115 for coupling the longitudinal conveyor and the openings 116 to heat sections unloading vehicles. Doorways and Windows are provided with seals to create and ensure a positive temperature inside the Cabinet using the supplied air in the winter.
Drive sprocket 117 rotate from a system of drive shafts connected to the storage drives combine and partition handling, transmitting power required for connecting the devices section of the longitudinal conveyor. To connect cross conveyor with other pryevrascyenii devices, in addition to what authorities 118, which can be stationary and folding, to reduce the size when you move a partition. Transverse conveyors can optionally be equipped with elevators, transmitting the load from the lower to the upper branch. In cases where they are not included with the harvester warehouse or section loading and unloading.
The warehouse is equipped with one transverse conveyor when the number of storage tanks no more than two, arranged in one row along an axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the warehouse. When the number of rows of storage tanks is more than one warehouse-line feed unit is equipped with an additional transverse movable conveyor 119 (Fig.21), coupled with section unloading vehicles, and also supplied with a mobile longitudinal conveyor, the number of which is determined by the formula
where P is the number of rows of storage reservoirs along the longitudinal axis of the warehouse.
Mobile section - longitudinal conveyor 120 (Fig.23) is a scraper conveyor with two parallel chains with scrapers and bottoms of the upper 121 and lower 122 branches with integral connecting nodes from one end of the upper distributing branch and the bottom of the host, and the other end is ovci the necessary number of bins 124 with the lower gates 125. In the absence of bunkers gate openings are closed by plugs.
The movable section has a frame 126 with sections 127 and the guide roller 128, the frame with insulated panels, forming a closed, heated air volume.
Drive sprocket 129 receive power from the drive docking devices using a system of cardan shafts from a single engine is pushed into the container section or from individual motor cross conveyor depending on the kinematic scheme. Longitudinal conveyors, equipped with hoppers, equipped with control dampers using a gearbox and a system of levers on a similar scheme harvester warehouse.
For more precise docking with each other movable partitions within a warehouse, the latter is equipped with a guiding system consisting of the Central branch 130, branches, stores 131, branches of the transverse conveyor 132, joined with the combine warehousing and other sections. The warehouse is also equipped with branches guides 133 for longitudinal conveyors, the number of which is equal to the number of the latter. All branches of the guides are equipped with transferable by arrows 134.
To move the movable sections, warehouse obosoblennoi in the mobile section of the unloading of the transport, and other portable end - roaming sections, including a section of the unloading of the transport.
Mobile section of the discharge transport feeder 140 (Fig.23, 24) has a frame 141 with chassis 142 and guide rollers 143, frame 144 with a fixed light insulated cladding panels, creating an indoor heated air volume that hosts the hopper with folding rear insulated wall 145 that acts as a tray to receive the content from the unloaded transport, and in the closed state, the role of part of the rear wall section. Insulated hopper in the lower part is equipped with a feeder 146 submitting unloaded component to the head of the feeder, equipped with: foster beater 147, turning sector 148, which establishes the chopper drums 149 with a drive mechanism and regulating layer shaft 150 with regulators layer 151. Sector (right and left) have the ability to turn using hand or mechanical drive to the corner, providing the shift controller layer and grinding drums depending on the incoming feeder component requiring grinding or not, which gives the versatility of installation. The feeder is also equipped with Campbellsville 152, truck Ocna line block of the animals 155 (Fig.23, 24, 36) is designed for individual preparation and distribution of balanced feed rations animal kept in individual stalls, regardless of the type of animal and the nature of the content, and a group of balanced rations animals contained groups, regardless of the type of group and the nature of the contents and clean the feeders. The line includes: guide 156 which move the light from a tubular material or other profile, unified truck 157, connected to each other by a special coupling 158 having two degrees of freedom in the horizontal plane (longitudinal axis and a transverse rotary) and consisting of two halves that are able to rotate one relative to the other (Fig.21), forming a train of trucks, the number of which is equal to the number of stalls, uniform across the width of the boxes (1 m) or a multiple of this module the size when the content of the group of animals. The cart is docked typical trough or other container, when using the production line for another purpose other than feeding.
The line consists of 3 sections: section of individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders, the intermediate segment of the block content W conveyor 159 with parallel upper and lower branches; feeder 160; unloading unit 161, intended for cleaning feeders from the remnants of food and disinfect them with a jet of air or steam before they are filled. Section equipped with the uniform bins 162, customized for very specific feed components or mixtures thereof, supplied to the upper branch of the conveyor, with corresponding gates 163. The conveyor is equipped with end devices, mating with one side of the transverse conveyor, and on the other, with the hopper and the conveyor of the Central corridor. In addition to the bins in the section are capacity 165 for liquid components, as well as individual mixer 166.
All containers for solid components is equipped with a universal uniform metering device 167, the drive gear 168 dosing device, guides 169 and the mechanism of switching modes dosing 170.
Truck 157 is a rigid structure of the horizontal frame 171 mounted on it a roller 172, moving along the outer and inner guides 173 by means of a chain 174 (or other actuator) mounted on the trolley lock 175 (Fig.26), is able to lock the chain on the truck and separate it at the design effort. The chain results in the frame control.
One of the options for moving wagon trains, in addition to the chain of transmission can be trolley with individual drives, performing the role of a locomotive.
Feeder 177 (Fig.25) (or other capacity), corresponding to a specific animal contained in this stall, a number is sent along with the stable and the animals one number and length must be equal to the width of the stall.
A distinctive feature of the truck is the presence of a vertical wall 178 (Fig.25-30) representing a frame structure rigidly connected to the horizontal frame braces 179 and is provided with vertical guides 180, for fastening and vertical height adjustment of the position of bearings and gears 181, sensor modes, 182, representing the set of the required number of sensors (To) individual batching 183, depending on the number of feedings (N) per day of a particular animal plus one sensor zero mode K=N+1. The sensor individual dosage is fixed on the basis of the sensor modes, which, by means of spokes or disc is connected with the hub and rotor shaft rotating in bearings and forming the polyhedron.
The individual sensor dose is subject to the necessary number of teeth 185, placed in cells 186 housing 187 using arms 188 manual version issue tasks to dosing of each component for the compilation of a balanced mixture of feed or other components using the settlement system on the computer depending on the physical-biological data of a particular animal. In the case of automatic dialing of the number of teeth instead of the arms is set mechanism A receiving the pulse from the remote control or from sensors that characterize physical and biological features of the particular animal for which it is designed this truck with the trough. In the case of automatic configuration of the sensor, the trolley is provided with a contact device connected to the contactor, mounted on the stationary elements of each line of automated stall.
Each arm (or motorized drive) mounted on coastie shafts 189, on which is mounted the Cams 190 included in engagement with the respective group of teeth.
The position of each arm, mounted on the corresponding shaft, gives the required number of teeth of each row of rollers, forming a comb. Each comb is fixed for complete opredelim of teeth is engaged with the gear 168 of the transmission. Gear is installed through the slot on the shaft and handle any comb, and the shaft gear with the clutch connected to the shaft of the dispenser, comprising a housing with placed inside the cellular rotor 191, in the axial part of which is placed the vibrator, and wherein the rotor blades have a trapezoid shape, and the body - shape of a truncated cone to fine tune it on a wider range of volumetric scales, and also to unify the dispenser and applying it to a wide range of components with the aid of adjusting curtains 192 associated with the mechanism for moving the curtains, comprising a rod 193, yoke 194 driven by two screws 195 and nuts 196 attached to the housing of the control volume components and actuator 197 with the wheel 198 and scale 199. The screws marked with signposts and scale of 200, indicating the amount of movement of the curtains along the longitudinal axis of the dispenser. The curtain is made with converging and diverging due to the spring orifice 201.
The mechanism for moving the curtains associated with the mechanism 202 move back wall of the hopper, to prevent the formation of stagnant zones in it.
Line block of the animals to be fitted with a discharge unit 161, designed for cleaning carmustine line for another purpose.
The discharge unit includes: a cylindrical body 203 (Fig.33, 34), the inner diameter of which corresponds to the maximum size truck with installed capacity and other equipment, and a longitudinal axis coincides with the longitudinal axis (in the direction of travel of the truck), around which it can freely rotate or not rotate while moving wagon trains due to the traction chain, affecting the back of a moving truck at the entrance of the train in case the discharge of the unit (according to the principle - pull), and on the front of the truck at the exit from the boot Assembly (pull), provided the traction chain at the entrance of the truck in case RA is separated from the truck using the lock 175, encircles the body and is engaged with the lock truck at its exit from the chassis RA, thereby making it possible to rotate or move the cart in a straight inside with the help of a lead 204, incoming (in rotation) in the helical groove 205 of the housing. Lead and guide the screw groove perform the role of an actuator with rotation on 360° cart capacity, which is unloaded and cleared from the content using air (steam) nozzles 206, providing mechanical and/or thermal cleaning of feeders.
Auto the device 208, cyclone 209 and the fan 210. When the heated air heater is installed.
Unloaded the contents from the tank enters the hopper with feeder 160. To hold the truck in the tilted state of the case is equipped with top rails 211. The number of trucks should be one more than placed along the length of the hull.
Individual mixer 166 (Fig.35) is used for mixing the contents of containers each truck and consists of a housing 212 with vertical guides 213 motor 214 with a nozzle 215 for a mixer 216. The motor moves along the guides from the highest to the lowest position using a system of levers 217, driven by a solenoid 218 that receives an electrical impulse from the relay 219 to be included from the drive gear 220, rotating from combs sensor individual dosing, which includes a system of levers and the motor for lowering the faucets in the capacity and lifting them up and off the motor when passing the entire length of the container.
The equipment management system production line block of the animals (Fig.36) includes: a switching mechanism of the feeding regimes 170 (Fig.24), the lead 204 (Phi is(Fig.39), dies 224 (Fig.40, 41, 42), electromagnetic actuators 225 (Fig.39-42) with backup manual control, the number of sensor 226 (Fig.43) with the pin 227, contactor 228 and retractable copier 229 (Fig.44, 45). All hoppers are equipped with upper and lower level sensors (OILS - 1-n) (DUN - 1-n), as well as the gates branches transporters (W - 1-n).
Line manure cleaning is performed on the basis of the scraper conveyor TSN-2 , taking into account the coverage of the run for the animals unit content of the block processing of animal products with the corresponding location of swivel shoes, the clamping device and the rotary sector and supply of manure in the capacity of the repository.
Automated universal production line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils (TCIS Fig.1) (Fig.2, POS. 4) is intended for the preparation, storage, cooking mixtures of mineral and organic fertilizers, make compost and mixed soils for use in both open and closed soils and consists of a uniform (typical) stationary and movable sections of the feed block with some changes in parts of the equipment, mainly related sections combine warehousing and sections unloading of transport and land seenig unit, one of which consists of storage tanks 230 (Fig.2) for the production of composts, with built-in mobile section - harvester warehouse 231 and storage tanks 232 for storage and preparation of earthen mixtures harvester warehouse 233, interconnected by transverse conveyor 234, and the other - from the vaults components composting 235 movable section loading and unloading 236 and storage tanks of mineral fertilizers 237 movable section loading and unloading 238, interconnected by transverse conveyor 239. Between the two transverse conveyors installed the longitudinal conveyor 240, on the other hand the transverse conveyor 234 is installed section 241 batching, by construction, identical to the plot section of the feed preparation and cleaning of feeders, but closed within a partition ring trolley line 242 (Fig.46) the role of dispenser components of mixtures. The transverse conveyor 239 is connected with the movable section 243 unloading vehicles. Capacity, if necessary, additional warehouse capacity of the warehouse is equipped with an additional section of the transverse conveyor and the appropriate number of sections - longitudinal conveyor. s manure removal 244, and the capacity for making earthen mixtures with a closed block of greenhouses. The main features of the line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils from the line of feed of the block are: lack of vertical partitions in the tank for the production of compost; no hardening equipment in the processing block combines storage, and installation of crushers and mixer corresponding to the processed components.
Automated production line for the transportation and distribution of harvest 5 (Fig.2 and 47) represents the prototype of the line unit of the animals, is placed in the closed block greenhouses and differs from the prototype in that the scraper conveyor 246 section section feed preparation and cleaning of feeders 159 (Fig.23) is lengthened in order to feed the crop into the bunkers 247 for export crops and equipped unit 248 for washing vegetables and feed them from the lower branches on the top and the Elevator 249 for the same purpose. On a plot of 250, similar to the section feed preparation and cleaning of feeders, no individual mixer and liquid components, and the bins 251 perform the role of sorting devices and intermediate containers.
The number of trucks with containers taken the first container (ERC) is designed for growing fodder, commodity for personal consumption of root and tuber crops and other plants in mobile minimalized or containers, put on stream in the form of a closed pipeline using the heat from the exhaust in the ventilation systems of production and other areas of air and other natural sources, including storm and melt water.
In a pipeline includes the following process line:
Automated production line planting, care and harvesting 6 (Fig.2 and 47) are connected with a line transportation and distribution of harvest, and line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils on the one hand and with the line of vegetation of plants in greenhouses on the other side.
The line is placed in the closed block greenhouses and has two parallel running synchronously branch - main branch 252 and branch 253 washing and sanitizing of translucent caps minitablets.
Both branches consist of guides 254, chain or other transmission 255 devices to navigate through the main branch of the containers minitablets on rollers, and other translucent caps, using the actuator 256 and tensioner 257 operating in pulsed mode at intervals equal to the maximum the Deposit includes the following units and equipment:
- removal mechanism 258 translucent cap and transfer it to a parallel branch;
the mower 259 green mass with a grinder, grind and feeder material in the hopper 260 for green mass and bunker 261 for seeds, equipped with universal dispensers with conical body and the drive gear, similar to the dispensers in section feed preparation;
- stationary harvester 262, which is the universal automated Assembly intended for harvesting of crops, the loading and unloading of the mixed soils, the supply of fertilizer to the plants, as well as cleaning and sanitizing of containers;
- unit planting potatoes 263 with seeders for root crops;
- install liquid processing plants 264 (watering, spraying, fertilizing liquid...);
- cultivators 265;
- closing mechanism 266 translucent container cap.
The line is also equipped with accessories 267 (tanks, dispensers, valves etc) and chemical laboratory 268.
The branch sanitary processing caps equipped with 269 units for washing, disinfection and drying them.
Automated production line plant growth in mobile minireplicon compound 7 is the part located vegetative lines 270, recruited from mobile minitablets 271 on rollers along the guide rails 272 open area, equipped with connecting devices 273 (Fig.51) creating use of air ducts 274 single duct along the entire length of the line from the injection and outlet ducts, a feed air stream in the space between the double walls of contaier 275 with a perforated bottom and translucent cap with double walls, the sealing device and the injection valve cap 276.
Picking minitablets in line is transbordering truck picking mechanism 277 (Fig.53), and the dismantling of transbordering truck mechanism razukomplektoval 278, which, in turn, are the mechanisms of integration and razukomplektoval line planting, care and harvesting, only with opposite functions.
Supply lines, air system air supply 279 with devices for supply air and exhaust system 280 with devices for exhaust air.
The line is equipped with a system 281 ownesboro and melt water and their removal for use in the care of plantings, as well as system 282 power supply and process control.
In kachestvnnoy the concentration of CO2and brought to the required parameters for each plant species, in accordance with the requirements of the farming system vozdukhoobespecheniya.
Combine harvester harvesting stationary (Fig.58) is a unit installed on the line planting, care and harvesting, is designed to harvest roots from minitablets container type by releasing the container from the substrate due to his stall, separation of the substrate from the roots with dirt through screens, screening of root and tuber crops from contamination and size of tubers, cleaning and sanitizing of containers and their subsequent loading of the substrate, as well as plant nutrition and fertilizer mixtures.
The harvester is equipped with the Elevator shaft 283 cab-bin 284 for installation and fastening of the container with the substrate and the yield on the guides 285, upper rollers 286 and lower 287, to move the cab with a fixed container; traverse 288 guides 289, lifting mechanism 290 beam, pusher 291 for horizontal movement of the cab, equipped with a grip 292, tripper 293 driven and guides 294, camera 295 cleaning and disinfection of containers with rails 296 and Shego means, and SITA-rumble 299 to separate the roots from the substrate, which is fed to the sieve receiver 300 and the roots go into the tray-dispenser 301 and sorting unit. The substrate, separated from impurities, is fed into the tray 302, which acts as a valve-distributor of the substrate, depending on its quality in it of nutrients in accordance with the optimal balance them, which is practically determined by the number of times of use of the substrate for one type of plant with the subsequent replenishment of nutrients by feeding this type of substrate. For the above embodiment, the tray is opened and the substrate of sieve 300 enters the tank 304. In the case of necessary regeneration of the substrate for one reason or another (change of plant species for a given container or other reasons) tray 302 overlaps the capacitance 304 and received from SITA 300 substrate tray is routed through reciprocating movements in estrus 303. Capacity 304 in the lower part is equipped with a Ripper 305 - distributor of the substrate in the container, from which it was unloaded, and the role of the dispenser through the radial slits in the bottom.
The harvester is associated with bla its regeneration, and the upper branch 308 (Fig.48 for feeding portions of the fertilizer in the hopper 309, and the regenerated substrate in the hopper 310, where the feeder 311 is directed to the tray, and then on the sieve receiver is changed when the amplitude of oscillations at the opposite or in the aggregate make mixed soils, composts and fertilizers 312, which consists of a tray-feeders of the inertial type, movable in the vertical direction cells and bunkers 313 with feeders-feeders 314 and openers 315 spaced in the transverse direction, is equal to the distance between the rows of plants, which allows you to use the unit of fertilizer for top dressing during the growing season.
The distribution of fertilizers on the cells is carried out batchwise by using a dispenser 316 with the drive. Moving in the vertical direction of each cell is performed using the actuator 317. Dosing feeders 314 are driven by movement of the container through the dispensing mechanism 318, custom for a certain number of revolutions conical (speed) roller 319.
The harvester is also equipped with a sorting 320 with bunkers 321 for fodder crops, commodity and seed potatoes that are installed above the line of transportation and distribution organovo conveyor.
Unit planting of potato and sowing of vegetables (Fig.65; Fig.47, 48, POS. 263) technologically connected with the block fertilizers compost and mixed soils in which seed treatment and their preparation for planting conveyor 331 and includes a hopper 332 for seed potatoes and gate 333 bin seeds with mechanical valves in the feed hopper 334, mounted on a trolley 335 seed device and provided with a mechanical shutter 336 connected to the lever 337 and rollers 338 guides 339 - copier, opening or closing the chute of the hopper depending on the functional trolley, which is a distributor-collector 340 seeds and grain 341 driven. The distributor-collector seeds belt conveyor is mounted on the ribbon breathtaking blades closely adjacent to the fixed but interchangeable depending on the purpose of the planter copy plate 342 with holes 343 - jacks for seeds - depending on their size and exact copy of their accommodation and boarding in the container.
Copy the bottom plate overlaps the second mobile copy stove-gate 344 with offset holes, Kotor when moving plate using seed actuator 345 to match the holes on the other side.
Under the mobile-plane-gate is set to a fixed uniform patterned design - actuator, consisting of a frame 346 in which to unify semiprivate installed base plate 347, between which there are firmly secured at a distance corresponding to the location of the nests, semiprivate 348, provided on the outer surface of the spiral guide 349, which moves with the actuator 350 rotary slide bearing nut 351 connected to a lead 352 Coulter, rotating in the inner cavity of semiprivate. The bearing nut is fixed in the movable in the vertical direction uniform inlaid design-frame 353, which, moving in a vertical direction using the actuator 350 and screw guides on semiprivate, rotate the nut with a drive Coulter, screwing it to a predetermined depth of the substrate in the container.
The opener, while performing the role of semiprivate, at the lower end provided with a conical flap gate 354, having ribs 355 for the formation of a channel when screwing in the opener and falling asleep when unscrewing. The opening of the petals is carried out using a cone 356, which when reaching with the inu landing, specified for a particular plant.
Work conveyor systems
Conveyor system as a whole and each of its sectoral component is calculated on the basis of their economic value for the minimum production volumes as provided optimal matching ratio of each block, and with a valid mismatch efficiency separate specialized units provided replenish loss of one unit at the expense of another.
Toconvey calculated for any number of cultured animals of any species within economic feasibility, the possibility of joint (in one room) or to separate them, in accordance with veterinary requirements, regardless of housing system (harness, loose), but subject to the same conditions for each animal in the individual content had certain fixed for these animals and numbered (as a place, and the animal itself) site content with a uniform width corresponding to the specified module (mostly 1 m), and when the content of the group of animals fenced in area with a width that is a multiple of the installed module. This is necessary to ensure the Rania animal or group.
The proposed toconvey is designed to solve the main problem of livestock production to increase livestock production, improving animal productivity and quality of the final products on the basis of growth in the production of high quality fodder and complete balanced nutrition of animals based on the normalized feeding, improving the quality of forage storage, as well as mechanization and simple automation of the preparation of feed mixtures for each individual animal or group.
Preparation of rations balanced feed is carried out depending on the composition and structure of the herd, which, in turn, depends on the specialization of livestock production and its products.
The versatility of toconfigure is that he is able to serve as a personal farm, varied patterns herd, and specialized commodity production with a narrow or wide range of products.
The automated universal production line feed block
Work feed block and the block of the animals is carried out mainly by three types of technological processes the full-time, the rearing), which is characteristic of commodity production.
2. For different type of animal herds (cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, rabbits, poultry and so on), which is characteristic of the personal household.
3. For mixed production, when and commodity production and private sector or commodity production with a diverse range of products of different types, the most typical of the peasant (farmer) farms.
Varieties of technological processes is influenced primarily by the nature of the bookmarks component feed storage tanks; on the sequence of components in the cells of each tank, taking into account the sequence of their processing in the production of mixtures; the sequence of feed components and mixtures in the hopper unit of the animals and ultimately to the sequence of operations in the management process pipeline.
The simplest process has specialized on one type of product production, such as meat. In this production warehouse feed components is a set of storage tanks that act as feeders when cells knogo species. In order to reduce the number of bins in the section individual feed preparation is made conditional mixture, which is a combination of the minimum quantities of each component inherent in the individual ration of each animal, designed or adopted detailed rules depending on its age, physiological and other conditions.
Thus, the volumetric composition of each component is divided into the part that goes on the drafting of the conditional mixture, and the part that goes on the individual additives to conventional mixtures for each animal. Technological processing of each component, separating it into two components and the production of the mixture is carried out in the harvester warehouse. The sequence of cells capacity shall be taken in accordance with the sequence of processing of each component, such as component, requiring mechanical processing in crusher, followed by steaming and chemical treatment (straw), components requiring machining and heat (grain), then components, requiring only mechanical treatment (silage, haylage), and, finally, components that do not require pre is th clockwise or counterclockwise) of the discharge unit 65 (Fig.12-15). The conveyor-distributor 45 (Fig.12-15) is zero (above the chutes hoppers 73) a stationary position.
Each hopper 162 (Fig.23 and 24) section section of individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders is loaded as a conditional mixture and components-additives to conventional mixture required specifically for each animal or group, as well as components that are not present in conventional mixture, but necessary in the diet. Feeder-hopper, each hopper is adjusted to the appropriate volume weight of the component.
For this production the load on the main number of containers warehouse is based on the principle: capacity - storage - dispenser for producing and dispensing a conditional mixture and one or more containers are loaded components-additives with the placement of the cells in accordance with the loading order of each component in the hopper section section of individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders. Under such load capacities harvester warehouse 35 is a movable unit that is moved alternately from one tank to another after the complete liberation from the previous feed.
Section handling 34 is moved from the tank volume is technology, when the harvester warehouse plays the role of a stationary unit fixed for the same capacity-storage-dispenser, and a loading and unloading section is movable as the operation of one of the containers filled with the components required for storage tanks and metering device, and bunkers section individual premixes preparation.
The location of the cells in the container-dispenser and tank storage is carried out in this case as in the first variant.
Load cells tanks during harvesting or periodic supply them during the working period by using a backup storage tanks, which is the buffer capacity to reduce downtime discharged transport, as well as creating the possibility of selection any time (except the time of feeding animals) for use of movable partitions, loading and unloading and combine inventory. The boot order of the cells is determined by a set of feed components, and mixtures thereof.
The process of feeding the animals is carried out in three stages: the preparatory stage, which consists in the selection of diets and feeding regimes for each animal, the installation and commissioning of participating in the process of feeding obaseki feeders components of the feed; and the third stage cleaning bird feeders and fill them feed components inherent in each animal with the formation of the individual mixture and feeding.
The third stage is carried out in one or several turns wagon conveyor (trains) depending on the structure of the herd.
At the preparatory stage to perform the following operations:
1. Place each animal in its stall and fix it at one time or another number.
2. Place groups of small animals for a certain compartment with feeders under the compartment number.
3. Individual feeders and groups of enemies depending on the number of feedings equip rotor sensor modes 182 with the required number of sensors for the individual measuring components, including the null sensor.
4. Based on the complete characterization of the state of the animal or group (species, age, weight, yield, lactation, health status, etc.) determine the energy and nutrient component of the feed, on the basis of the detailed standards or other sources, and each component of his weight (volume) units.
5. Configure each comb sensor 184 individual dosage fixed for quite OPH the portion of this component or conditional mixture in the diet of each animal or group.
6. Fix for each feed hopper 162 and tanks 165 a particular component or conditional mixture, and configure each bunker and uniform metering unit 167 to specific dimensional weight assigned to the bunker component by using curtains 192, stem 193 and the actuator 197 handwheel 198.
7. Install the drive gear 168 dosing device in the position for a well-defined comb 184, handle and fix it in this position.
8. Checks the status of all locking mechanisms and bodies in accordance with the requirements of the forthcoming process-loading hopper components and conditional mixture, including the operation of its preparation.
The situation of workers of the agencies involved in the work should be the following:
(a) Section-harvester warehouse and section loading and unloading slide, fixed, fixed and connected to the power assigned to them at this stage tanks storage with a reflection on the remote control signal that section skontaktiruem with containers.
b) are Installed in the operating position of the cross section and, if necessary, the longitudinal conveyors with their fixing, fixing, connecting is ntact.
Regulation of distribution volumetric amounts of each component fed to the creation of conditional mixture and volume amounts of each component fed to the hopper section of the individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders is rocker valve K1 (Fig.19) mounted on the handling of the chute 63 (Fig.12) and managed from the time relay and limit switch configured on each component separately. Valve K1 performs the function of the feeder-dispenser.
The most common process is a variant with mixed technology, when the keeping of animals for personal farm with his usual large variety of different species of animals, including birds, with their small size and the keeping of animals for commercial production with a characteristic, as a rule, one or several kinds of specialization in relatively small groups of animals depending on the situation.
Typically, the size of individual households that have relatively constant parameters in production volumes, depending on the needs of the working staff, which is mostly stable in one way or another, this is his capacity storage and specialized sections of the animals. Capacity storage for your personal economy is populated, as a rule, components of animal feed, inherent only to the personal farming and animal species, the same species of commodity production, provided fodder for technological process of commodity production. When using the feed components with small amounts that are commensurate with the minimum volume of the cell capacity, the work includes bins 124 (Fig.21) movable sections of the longitudinal conveyor.
C) All shut-off bodies (dampers, valves) are in the closed position, which should be reflected signal on the remote control.
g) the Cart feeders are in their stalls and grounds keeping of animals.
d) a Conveyor-distributor 45 (Fig.12) and the discharge unit 65 are folded in the zero position. Working bodies of the discharge unit configured to recess the thickness of the layer components in the vessel corresponding to the volume of food at one feeding all the animals, one turn of the discharge Assembly.
9. Install shut-off bodies in working condition on the mode of manufacture of the conditional mixture with electromagnetic mechanisms 1-7 (Fig.19) the progressive movement”.
Gate R1 (firebelly for roughage.
Valve K1 heat 63 (Fig.12) in the position of the Shearer warehouse on internal mode, i.e. when the discharge conveyor 52 is paired with handling conveyor 64, which is connected with the gates W 12-15 with bunkers 76 and 79.
10. Starting in the transport mechanisms alternately or simultaneously, depending on the setting “limit switch” rotary with rotary Cams, which includes the network of electromagnetic coupling of rotation M1-21 (Fig.18), respectively, of the specified mode. In this case, Ml6, resulting in a rotation of the scraper 50 (Fig.12 and 18); M14 driving the infeed conveyor 40; M13 - handling conveyor 64 and the motor dealer conveyor 45.
Then use the clutch M9 starts crusher 69 roughage and coupling M7 - fan 70, and the coupling M8 - mixing unit, and then starts the engine discharge device 65 and the clutch M3 is driven scraper 57 and clutch Ml 5 turns on the discharge conveyor 52.
11. The operation of the conventional cooking of the mixture in the case of loading the vessel components, components of the conventional mixture. In this capacity acts as a dispenser.
Includes M5 clutch actuator discharge unit 65, the Oh processing - mechanical in the crusher, thermal and chemical in the mixer, while the gate ø4 (hopper crusher for coarse feed opens the electromagnetic mechanism of C4 and fragmented component of the air stream enters the mixing drum, fulfilling the role of the hardening unit when applying it steam from the steam generator 75.
Then actuates the relay time, the valve K2 opens the chute of the hopper of the crusher 68 for crushing grain crops, which also come in a mixer-zapasnik, subjected to heat treatment.
After the subsequent operation of the relay time, the discharge unit unloads components that do not require machining, and the gate SH1 is closed, opens the gate m2, uploading bunker 73 components-components of the conditional mixture that does not require mechanical processing, but require heat treatment. Then the gate m2 is closed after actuation of the relay time, the discharge unit unloads components required for the formation of the conditional mixture, but do not require pre-treatment, which enter through the window in the bottom of the conveyor into the hopper and an open gate S in the mixer. Steam in overlaps.
Cooked conditional mixture after actuation of the relay BP the conveyor, comes in fixed hopper section of the individual feed preparation.
The valve K1 on estrus 63 opens the chute 62 for the grant of a mixture of the harvester on the transverse conveyor into a hopper 107 (Fig.22) of the upper tray 101. Opens the gate 106 and the mixture is fed to the top tray of the longitudinal conveyor 159 (Fig.23) and an open gate 163 in one of the bins 162 intended for this mixture.
The remaining bins in the section individual feed preparation components required to produce individual rations in the case when the components of the additive is stored in a separate container from the container-dispenser is carried out on the above technologies, only with the difference that the capacity of the storage components supplements served by the mobile section of the loading and unloading of components running on the issuance of each component on the transverse conveyor (Fig.22), when the heat component 62 is fed into a hopper 108 and an open gate 105 is supplied to the lower tray and served at the open gate of the bottom tray 102 into a hopper 41 (Fig.12) combine the inventory, where infeed conveyor belt moves in the upper hopper and a scraper 50 on the conveyor-recenzii individual premixes preparation.
Components of the additive, which does not require machining of the hopper 41 at the open gate s arrive at the unloading conveyor 52 and open the chute 62 through valve K1 arrive on the transverse conveyor, the longitudinal conveyor section individual premixes preparation specified in the hopper with the appropriate open the gate of the bunker.
In the case of storage of each component feeds into a single cell, when the component requires one or another process and is an integral element of the conditional mixture and extension component, the process of loading bins section of individual premixes preparation and cooking of conditional mixture differs from the above that each component that requires pre-processing, is processed independently and completely removed from the mixer through the chute 60 to the discharge conveyor 52 and valve K1 using a time relay is divided into two streams, one of which is directed into the chute 62 on the transverse conveyor, the longitudinal conveyor and is assigned to that component of the bunker at the open gate of the hopper, and another thread in estrus 63 after switching valve K1 from time relays. the NCER 76, covered component or in the hopper 79.
Components that do not require processing, but which mix components and additional elements, are also divided into two streams, one of which is directed into the hopper section of the individual premixes preparation, and the other on education conditional mixture using a time relay and valve K1 in accordance with a given program.
Components that do not require processing and non-conditional components of the mixture, with open valve K1 estrus 62 are sent to their assigned hopper section individual premixes preparation when you open the gate, specific to the bunker.
Education conditional mixture at this is the final stage, when alternately open the gate 74 73 bunkers, gate 77 bins 76 and the gate of the hopper 79. All pre-processed components are loaded into the mixer and at the end of the process conditional mixture is loaded into the respective hopper section.
In the case when the conditional mixtures of several, each of them is prepared separately and served in the appropriate bins of the section of individual premixes preparation.
The automated universal YAP:
1 - filling bird feeders for one revolution of the trolley conveyor (trains);
2 - filling the feeders for a few turns wagon conveyor (trains).
The first applies when the number of components of forages and mixtures thereof does not exceed the number of feed bins on site individual feed preparation and cleaning of feeders.
Such technology typically, when the animals of a small number of species or different species of animals, diets which do not differ by a large content of the components fit in the available number of bins, equipped with universal dispensers 167 (Fig.23). The number of dispensers 167 must match the number of dies 184 (Fig.32.) sensor individual dosing (Fig.31, 32). Using this technique, the filling of the bins may be equal to the daily consumption of each component or a mixture of all the animals, and configure sensors for the individual measuring components, and gauge modes for a single feeding.
The second process is used in cases when the number of components of the diet exceeds the number of feed bins. Preparing individual and/or group rations at this technoligist components, additives and conventional mixtures, used in the same turn.
Using this technique, the filling hopper is in the amount of disposable feeding in order freed from the component bunker could be in use by another component for the preparation of the diet when following the turnover trolley conveyor.
Under this option, the subsequent filling of the hopper should be component volumetric weight which is equal to the volumetric weight of the previous component or close within the margin of error in dosing. In the absence of such possibility to select another component hopper and dispenser are subject to change under the volumetric weight of the following component.
The sequence of technological operations in automated mode individual feed preparation, giving each animal and cleaning of feeders in the case of filling for one revolution of the trolley conveyor is as follows (Fig.23 and 24):
1. Starting position - feeders are each at his stall, rotor-sensor feeding regimes 182 (Fig.26) each trolley is configured on the first morning feeding, which means working (upper) position of each comb 184 (Fig.32) gauge individual dosage 183, which estebenet or removed teeth). Each comb is configured on the number of teeth that define the angle of rotation of the drive gear 168, and hence the number of cells dispenser 167 configured on the volumetric weight of this component.
Leash 204 (Fig.33, 44, 45) is in its extended position (Fig.37) trucks subject to the discharge of food from the feeders. When the morning feeding all feeders cleaned before filling. The cleaning mode may be different: one-, two-, three -, and so on, one depending on the settings of the leash.
Controls production line block of the animals-the mechanism of inclusion of feeding regimes 170 (Fig.24) is configured to prepare each truck preparation for the next feed in the following variants: 1 - when the mode of feeding of all animals are the same (two or three); 2 - when the mode of feeding different (in some animals three times a day, others two or disposable and so on).
Each feeding regime corresponds to a rotor-polyhedron from individual sensors dosing. The axis of rotation of each polyhedron is quite certain height, has its length. Due to the protruding end of the axle with the drive pinion 181 (Fig.26) coming into engagement with the comb with dialing number is gearing gear 181 with a comb stage is carried out through the nomination stage (or part thereof) of the electromagnetic actuator 225 (Fig.39). Each comb has a dial number plates 224, ensuring a certain angle of rotation of the rotor and driven operating state of the electromagnetic actuator 224.
When operating in the same mode of feeding all the animals (for example three), the rotor consists of a rectangular polyhedron (3+1 zero). For translation of the rotor from the first feeding to the next, you must turn on 360:4=90°, why on the fixed stage is shifted one die with the number of teeth, turning the gear axis of the rotor at this angle. The remaining steps are in the “off”position.
Copier 222 is in its extended condition (Fig.38), which provides fixation of the lead 204 is in the retracted condition and will prevent the possibility of tipping feeders at the next feeding.
Copier 229 (Fig.44) is in a disconnected state. Contactor 228 (Fig.43) is disabled.
In accordance with a given program in animal feeding time relay off limit switch 221 (Fig.36), including the motor trolley conveyor. Each truck, alternately entering into the discharge unit 161 drives a lead screw 204 in the groove 205 corps, tilting the cart from the feeder, which a jet of air (or steam) Okhrimenko each truck - in rails 169 (Fig.23). Moving along the guide rails, each comb is engaged with the drive gear fixed bin, selecting from it a set number of each component and the conditional mixture. The last movement is a mixer 166 (Fig.35), mixing the contents of each trough.
On leaving the section of individual feed preparation driven gear rotor each truck rotates the rotor at a given angle, setting subsequent comb at the next feeding, and copier 222 pushes the leash, which clamp is held in the retracted condition.
When a complete revolution of the conveyor is activated limit switch 221 (Fig.35), which from contact with the first truck disables the conveyor drive. The next feeding will differ only by the fact that the leash 204 will not be released in the helical groove and the truck will pass through the discharge device without tipping over. But when the last (evening) feeding triggers copier 229 and leash, freed from the stopper, extends.
In the case when the mode of feeding different animals, filling feeders feed can be performed at one time (turnover of transport are animals, requiring three, two and one-time power. When filling feeders for one revolution of the conveyor (for example, when the morning feeding) technology feed preparation and cleaning of feeders described above, but preparation for the next feeding will be different because of feeders, designed for two and one-time power, should not be filled with food unlike feeders for three meals a day.
Therefore, the rotor of the feeder for two meals a day should be set at zero gauge individual dosage by turning it to 240°, and the rotor disposable power - on zero the gauge by turning 180°, which is achieved by the inclusion of appropriate dice fixed these rotors stages columns 223 (Fig.39) in manual or automated mode in accordance with a given program.
After the second filling feeders rotor two meals a day should be set to the second power, i.e., the zero of the sensor on the sensor evening (second) power supply. When the triangular rotor must rotate it to the angle 240°, which is achieved by dice column 223, remaining in the same position, and the rotor disposable food should be the OST is to (evening) all rotors should be prepared for the morning feeding, i.e., the rotor tetrahedral - three meals a day - must be rotated 180°, the triangular rotor - two meals a day is 240°, and the rotor dihedral - disposable-food - 180°, which is provided by the inclusion of appropriate dice. Each truck should be prepared to clean the feeders by including a copier 229 (Fig.49) and the nomination of a lead 204.
Technological process automated individual feed preparation in the case of filling the feeders for a few turns wagon conveyor (train) is the same version of the feeding of animals in different modes, but the only difference is that, firstly, consumable bunkers are filled alternately after each turnover trolley conveyor, secondly, on the zero mode are all rotors trucks with mangers do not fill in this (first) turnover.
When the second circulation conveyor on the zero mode set the rotors filled the feeders and rotors feeders to be filled during the third turn and so on
In the case of different modes of feeding of each animal, the process sequence described above.
Switching of working bodies is carried out both manually universal production line block fertilizers, composting and mixed soils
By the following processes:
1. Procurement, storage, loading containers and bins and storage components of fertilizer, compost and mixed soils.
2. Mixture production, storage and unloading.
Procurement of components is carried out in accordance with the need for crop production in open field and indoor (greenhouse) soils. For storage of mineral fertilizers allocated capacity(t) with radial partitions forming a gel with mechanized loading and unloading them, similar technology for loading and unloading components of the feed.
For components, the components of the mixture constant during the season of the composition, the cells in the vessel are calculated as the preparation of the mixture through the discharge unit. If necessary, crushing components or the mixture itself and the quality of mixing, the components or their mixture discharged from cells or filed in the cell served in the capacity installed in it combine the inventory, if necessary, crushed, mixed in the mixer and are issued in the feed hopper or cells for further use or transportation. Work m the program in the prescribed time mode.
Storage of herbicides, minerals or fertilizers, are not suitable for mixing is carried out in bunkers sections of the longitudinal conveyor or independent tanks and cells.
The operation of an unloading unit capacity can be customized by end switches on the mode of rotational motion within the total turnover within the cell for a given mixture, as well as within a single cell in a reciprocating rotational motion and motionless movement of the discharge Assembly.
For the production of composts has one working tank 230 (Fig.2) is pushed harvester 231 warehouse, connects the conveyor 244 supply of manure from a block of the animals and the feed line components for making compost, stored in a secured(s) behind them tank(s) 235. The capacity for the production of composts has no radial partitions and load its layer-by-layer - a layer of manure, a layer of peat, leaves, minerals, etc. depending on the composition of the compost. The ingredients of the compost, in addition to manure, stored in tanks with radial partitions forming cells with the relative volume of their content in the compost. As layer-by-layer filling the compost tank bottom is thereby the fluidity and continuity of production. Downloadable layer components, if necessary, may be submitted for pre-processing (crushing) and the formation of a mixture. The finished compost is directed into the feed hoppers for removal in the field and in the bunkers of section 241 (Fig.2) dispensing components, which also receives and mineral fertilizers to make them part of the soils used in the greenhouse or in the designated cell capacity 232 for the production of mixed soils used in the greenhouse.
Capacity 232 works in conjunction with the harvester warehouse from which the contents of the cell capacity is served on the transverse conveyor 234, then on the longitudinal conveyor section and dosing conveyor 12 is directed into the greenhouse. Cell capacity 232 are calculated on the number and amount of fertilizer mixtures needed to restore the losses of nutrients indoors each cultivated plant species at least one growing season.
The batching section 241, as a rule, is intended for preparation of mixtures of fertilizers used in the greenhouse for growing different types of plants, each of which requires different formulations of fertilizer mixtures to compensate for losses during each growing season in better proportions than prigotovleniya in accordance with the schedule of works are filled with the components of the fertilizer mixture, required for particular plant species. The rotor 182 (Fig.26) trolley conveyor 242 (Fig.2) recruited from the sensors 183 (Fig.26) depending on the number of plants that require different composition of fertilizer mixtures. (Let's say 5 plant species. The rotor modes dosing - hex - 5+1 zero the sensor). Each comb sensor individual dosing is adjusted by the number of teeth of the required amount of the component reserved for this comb. Dispensers bins are set to the correct volumetric weight. Enables the drive trolley conveyor, that is, one turn of the n-th number of wagon tanks gives the desired mixture, mix the individual components of the mixer 166 (Fig.24), will unload all trucks with containers at the unloading unit 161 (Fig.24) when extended leash 204 (Fig.45), which affects the copier 229 (Fig.44).
Unloaded the mixture comes to a transverse conveyor 234 (Fig.2) continue or filling the cell capacity 232 or feed hopper greenhouses in accordance with a given program on the n-th number of revolutions of the conveyor.
The transition to education, other fertilizer mixtures is carried out in accordance with a given program by rotation of the rotor clip frame is what the cycle is repeated.
When the number of fertilizer mixtures is greater than the number of individual sensors dosing in the rotor modes is the 2nd stage adjustment of sensors individual dosing, and the process of mixing is repeated, but with loading sweep in another cell capacity 232.
Feed hopper 162 (Fig.21) is equipped with upper level OILS-7 (Fig.46) and the lower level TUNG-7, which are connected with the end switches of the cell containers 237 and 235, which are stored in the components assigned to the corresponding cell, as well as with electromagnetic couplings M3 and M5 unit 65 (Fig.18) unloading components and couplings M16 and M12 unit 45 of the loading components, respectively, with the coupling, M15 discharge conveyor 52, the coupling M14 infeed conveyor 40, the clutch M13 handling conveyor 64 and electromagnetic actuators translational motion 17 (Fig.19) rocker valve K1.
The sequence of technological operations in download mode hopper section of the dosing will be as follows: all sensors of the lower level indicates the absence of components in the bins. Gates s (Fig.46) on the top tray of the longitudinal conveyor opened, because the associated with the lower level sensor (triggered DONG-7 - offer which gives the signal to open the corresponding program of gates on the transverse and longitudinal conveyors to ensure the route of the flow components. Includes the engine E (Fig.18) of the drive transmission, then the M20 clutch driving the conveyors transverse and longitudinal sections and then M15, M13, M14 and simultaneously M5-M3 and M12-M16, to ensure synchronous rotation of the discharge unit and the distribution conveyor.
The components in the cell containers are placed in the sequence of the filling hopper. When filling out the first bunker fires the upper level sensor OILS-7, giving the signal to stop issuing component of the section loading and unloading, blocking valve K1 estrus 62 (Fig.12) and directing a portion of the paged component on the conveyor 64 and 40 in the hopper 42, and then on to the conveyor-distributor 45 and the cell from which the unloaded component. Then the spout Assembly is in the next cell along with mount-distributor, and the cycle repeats until the moment of filling in all the required bins sections dosing.
In the case when you want to fill one intermediate bunker, all operations are performed in the same manner with the only difference that the unloading unit, passing through cells, pre-need, at the blocked estrus 62 valve K1, overloads components in the top is ativana sensor upper level of the cell, which gives a signal to terminate the loading of tanks trucks, turning the rotor modes to zero the sensor, by incorporating a specified number of dice 224 (Fig.42) speed column 223 (Fig.39) in accordance with a given program.
The inclusion of the trolley conveyor and metering device for the next operation mode for drafting another mixture is carried out according to the signal of the lower layer corresponding cell capacity 232 transmitted to the drive plates 224 to the desired angle setting individual dispenser dispensing 183, then the boot process the next cell capacity is repeated.
The capacity control of the blending can be carried out at the expense of speed trolley conveyor and metering device.
The conveyor vegetative container (CVR)
Is in mode year-round use mainly two types of processes:
1. Growing plants in the open area in mobile minimalized with translucent caps and double walls using heat from the exhaust in the air ventilation system (Fig.47-57).
2. Growing plants in mobile containers closed.
Both species differ from each other by the fact that in the second embodiment, an automated production line planting, care and harvesting will not have branches 253 washing and sanitizing of translucent caps with mechanisms 258 - their removal and 256 closing the container. Simplified device also supply air to the containers while the violation of the principle of individual control options air mixture in each vegetative lines, which reduces the effectiveness of the vegetation for a variety of plant species with a small number of them, and it is peculiar personal (subsistence) agriculture. Therefore, the most appropriate form of technology can be a combination of both types, i.e., the first version of the technology minireplicon used for the cultivation of plants used in the private sector, and the second option - the production mainly of root and tuber crops and other plants for animal feed and product needs, when vegetative lines are combined groups depending on their type and the volume of the cultivation, and the air is regulated by its parameters depending on species group and time of growth of each species in its air volume.
When both in distasi each other transbordering carts with mechanisms of integration and ascompletely line, each of which is equipped with limit switches to control the order picking lines in manual or automatic modes.
The line work planting, care and harvesting (Fig.2 and 48) operates in pulsed mode with time ripple equal to the greatest of your time on the implementation of technological operations on a particular work unit. All technological operations in each work unit are carried out in automatic mode only after the container will occupy a working position in a particular workspace that is signaled using the limit switches that transmit signal on the working bodies. When filling containers line the entire length of all technological operations inherent in a given mode (e.g., planting), can be performed simultaneously with the expectation that each container received on these jobs will be processed.
The line operates in three basic modes: planting, plant care, harvesting.
The mode of planting is carried out for the case when the container is coming from the line of vegetation, not filled with substrate - start the conveyor, and for the case when the operation of the landing is poicy from the line of vegetation, staffed by them during the run of the conveyor, frees the last and the first container of the line from the device system exhaust 279 and 280 (Fig.53) by means of the mechanism A (Fig.57), then capture B (Fig.55) mechanism razukomplektoval 278 sets the container to transborder cart, after which the mechanism picking 277 pushes the loaded container mentality with transbordering truck, attaches it to the first container mentality and pushes the whole line forward along the guides. Then, using mechanisms A vozduhootvod 279 and the de-aeration device 280 is connected to the line and transborder truck in automatic mode move up to the guide line planting, care and harvesting, where with the help of limit switches is given the signal for the operation of unloading mentality mechanism - 278 and install it on the guide lines and load the next minimality (container) using a mechanism - 277 on transborder cart, and then included drives trucks, and they are given to the accepted line of vegetation, and the boot process line planting, care and harvesting repeated. It can be carried out using manual or software control. Installed mini is in operation, rearranging the cap on the branch 253 washing and sanitizing, synchronously with the container moving it. When growing plants in containers this operation is missing. Exempt from the cap blank substrate container is moved to the mower 259, limit switch which is turned off in accordance with specified software for a given operation, and this operation is not performed. Enable limit switch mower is in the mode of harvest when the green mass is crushed and goes into the hopper 260 (Fig.47). And in the bunker 261 sent threshed seeds. Then the container is fed into the guide 285 (Fig.58) cab hopper Elevator shaft 284 283, where as in the mower, the end switch is turned off in accordance with the program of the considered mode, and the container moves in the next section stationary harvester harvesting 262 (Fig.47) under the reservoir 304 (Fig.58) Ripper 305.
Enable limit switch lift shaft is carried out only in the harvest.
In a container 304, the substrate is fed from a block of fertilizers compost and mixed soils conveyor 308 (Fig.48) in the hopper 310, where the feeder 311 in a sieve 300 (Fig.58) when you open the tray 302.
From encodebin. When the substrate fully meet the requirements for the content of nutrients for the plant, provided in the block fertilizers compost and mixed soils, unit 312 (Fig.61) fertilizer compost and mixed soils remains in the off position, which is provided by the program in this mode.
In the harvest and care of the harvest, when the substrate used is proven in the same container with the mixture, requiring replacement of the loss of nutrients in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers, program operation this mode is activated the unit of fertilizer, compost and mixed soils in working position, means moving with the actuator 317 (Fig.59) in the lower operating position of the required number of openers with dispenser 314 and 313 bunker filled a necessary component. Together with openers moves the dispensing mechanism 318 to contact the conical (speed) roller 319 with a rod side of the container, the next longitudinal movement of which actuates the dispenser 314. Such replenish losses of nutrients occurs mainly in the mode of care for the crop, as the plants, so each R is TBE fertilizer at the same time, typically, a mixture of specific proportions, which is prepared in block fertilizers compost and mixed soils and dosed in a volume equal to the volume of the hopper 313, is fed into the hopper 309, where the feeder-dispenser 316 is fed into the tray 312 to fill the hopper 313. Mode harvesting replenish losses of nutrients by feeding into the container 304 feeder-dispenser 311 from the hopper 310 prepared mixture of block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils.
When the potato hilling rows in the mode of care for the crop by using openers 315 in the above sequence, when the hopper openers 315 downloaded the mixture for hilling.
Harvesting of crops is carried out in an automatic mode with the use of stationary harvester 262 (Fig.47; Fig.58-64). Container grown crop enters the cell mowers 259 for cutting tops, grinding her and directions to bunker 260, then the container with sloping tops, which can be removed, and care of the crop enters the cabin-bin 284 (Fig.58) when the destination switch, the actuating includes an engine lift and raises the container to docking guides a it to the tripper, in which work fixing the cockpit device giving a signal to switch on the engine tripper. In the upper part of the cabin on the roller moves along the guides of the bar 288, which combined with the top rails of the tripper. After rotation of the tripper 180° bottom guides cabins are aligned with the upper guide the third section of the harvester, and the upper guides tripper with bottom guides of the third section. An overturned container is unloaded from the content, which comes in a sieve-rumble 299 and separates the substrate from the harvest.
The substrate is directed to the mesh receiver 300, and the root or tubers with separated parts of the contaminants in the tray 301, and then sorting unit 320, which divides the crop from contamination and distributes it to the dimensions, directing to the appropriate bins 321, equipped with universal feeders-feeders. With sieve 300 substrate enters the tank 304 in an open tray 302. When blocked by the tray 302 capacity 304, the substrate is sent by a conveyor into the chute 303 Elevator 307 on the lower tray 306 scraper conveyor, and then in block fertilizers compost and mixed soils.
After discharge of container contents, for which the tray moves cabin-bunker in the third position the next section of the harvester, where the signal of the limit switch includes nozzles 297 when the position of the rotary tray 298, connecting it with the tray 302, where the remains are not unloaded in the tripper substrate discharged after their removal from the container due to the air stream, then the tray 298 switches to drain disinfection solution or other medium supplied from the nozzles. After cleaning the plunger 291 sets the cabin in the tripper, which, turning 180°, puts the cab in working for the descent position, and the plunger pulls her into the guide 285 and head plate 288. Fires the engine lift and stall-the bunker is in the lower position, giving the signal to switch on the drive line planting, care and harvesting. The container moves under the reservoir 304 is included Ripper-feeder, mixing the spent substrate with the added mixture of fertilizer from the hopper 370 and the container is filled updated the substrate.
Filled with a substrate container is moved to another cell technology enabled in accordance with a given program by the limit switch Assembly potato with seeders root 263 (Fig.47; Fig.65-71).
For example, the mode of planting potatoes is slesa drive transbordering truck, inter planting sections, installing it with the help of limit switches in a given partition. Enables the drive of the seed device 335, which is moved along the guides in the leftmost position (Fig.67). The lever 337 with roller 338 using the copier 339 opens mechanized shutter hopper 336 334, limit switch which provides a signal to open the gate 333 hopper 332, feed, seed material in the feed hopper 334. Simultaneously with opening of the mechanical shutter 336 Manager-collector 340 seeds come close to the tray collecting seeds, without moving it to the left. After loading feed hopper 334 the sensor activates the top level, giving the signal to start the drive truck and drive distributor-collector 340, feeder which rotates for the formation of a seed layer (counterclockwise) on the copy plate 342. Nests 345 fill the drilled material. Then the lever 337 comes to copier guide 339, closes the shutter switches 336 and reverse drive of the truck and the distributor-collector for the operation of collecting seeds from the copy plate 342 and feeding them into the Elevator 341, and then into the hopper 334. The distributor-collector pushes the tray collecting seeds, connecting mechanism Posey 342, and seeds come in each Shoe.
Then drive 350, the frame 353 typed with openers moves to another with the ribs 358 defining the depth of the seat and using the cone 356 opens, setting in motion a lever mechanism 357, flap gates 354, leaving the seed in his bed. Triggered hoist drive and openers occupy its original position.
The process is repeated. The new container has its place, and sowed the container moves on the following jobs technological operations (irrigation, liquid feeding, the upper alignment layer etc). On the last operation is the closing of the container is translucent cap, after which minimalize is installed in the original position for loading it on transborder cart and delivery to the line of vegetation.
Harvesting non-crops, is carried out in the workplace, which is cut tops, mostly by hand with small quantities grown vegetables. When commercial production can be machine harvesting.
Collection of seeds of vegetable crops grown on the conveyor, is on the line of mowing and harvesting, purification and collection in the bunker 261, where they SIP seeds. Seed treatment the treatment is performed in section of the dispensing unit of fertilizer compost and mixed soils using individual mixer or mixer combine storage - capacity 232 or 230, which may also be used, if necessary, drying of seeds for storage. Treated seeds are sent to the bin store where in the feed hopper Assembly 263 planting potatoes with seeders.
Conveyor vegetative container, operating on a closed cycle, is connected technologically and structurally with toconform processing pipeline and the line of fertilizers, compost and mixed soils using line transportation and distribution of harvest 5 and the Central conveyors 11 and 12 of the Central unit of the transport and communication corridor, forming a single industrial flow-continuous process chain around a closed cycle from cultivation of plants and animals to production of the final product.
Automated production line 5 transportation and distribution of crop performs the following job functions:
1) automated unloading bins sorting unit stationary harvester harvesting 262 (Fig.47), baie hopper 251, fulfilling the role of intermediate (buffer) tanks;
2) the transportation components of the crop from the above bins to the unloading unit;
3) automated unloading of containers trolley conveyor;
4) the distribution of yield components according to their functions: commercial production in the hopper 247 using the Elevator 249, longitudinal conveyor 246 and automated gates top tray scraper conveyor; products for personal use in the hopper, the Central conveyor 11 (Fig.2) provided for such purposes; products for animal feeding - in the given cell storage tanks 35, 34 and others (Fig.2); seeds for use in the greenhouse in the buffer hopper 251, with their subsequent transport in the bin-store, and then at the pre-processing unit fertilizers, compost and mixed soils.
For each component, with the purpose, developed its own pattern of interaction between actuators and regulators. For example, it is necessary to distribute the harvest of one vegetative cycle.
Conveyor 250 (Fig.47) wagon is equipped with n-m number of trucks with containers. On trucks installed the rotors 182 (Fig.26) modes, supply areas, feed, seed) pinned behind every product bunkers combine cleaning and other universal dispensers. Each dispenser is fixed comb sensor. At the beginning of the conveyor, all rotors trucks set to zero the sensor. Each upper level sensor bins connected with the actuator of the drive trolley conveyor and a certain amount of dice 224 (Fig.42), column step 223, which with time relay off when the turnover conveyor of less than 360°, as well as on the job or the program includes the upper and lower levels of the respective bins, where you should receive a product from a supply hopper, the lower level sensor which gives a signal to switch on the dice step 224 column on the angle required to install rotors on a zero mode in the complete turnover of the conveyor. At the same time the signal to shut off the upper and lower levels with a shut-off body - gate loading hopper. The unloading cycle filled the bunker is completed. When filling the second bin and the actuation of the upper level sensor is the same process, but with the switch dies after idling conveyor nlucene sensors top and bottom levels of the tank, where is the product, is carried out on the job or program.
For example, you want to submit the trade potatoes for export to the hopper 247 (Fig.47). Included sensors of the lower and upper levels of the tank and opens the gate on the top tray of conveyor 246. Upon actuation of the upper level sensor - gate is closed, and the gate unit 248 for washing potatoes opens, directing it washed on the Central conveyor, and if the lower level sensor of the discharge hopper of the combine harvest failed, and the upper level sensor in the hopper for personal use potatoes shows that the hopper is loaded, the potato goes in the included respectively hopper for industrial processing, in the back of the hopper or bin for potato storage tanks with subsequent use in animal feed when including all the necessary mechanisms.
Literature and the list of analogues
1. Aminov A. family farm for every taste / Mosgipronisel // “Owner”, 1991, No. 4, S. 20-22.
2. Bagdanov Y. F. family farms / Kiev SNIIP // Housing, 1991, No. 1, S. 22-23.
3. Kuznetsov, A. I. rural HOMESTEAD. - M.: Rosagropromizdat, 1988, S. 18 and 19, Fig. 9 (economic unit).
umyshlennogo type for growing and fattening of young cattle with multi-dimensional layout.
5. Block insulated precast polygonal structures: A. S. 2600; publ. 16.08.96, bull. No. 8.
6. The stock of mineral fertilizers with capacity of 400 tons of prefabricated wooden structures // Kostandi F. F., Lapinskaya L., Warehouses mineral fertilizers. - M.: stroiizdat, 1973, S. 156.
7. Conveyor: A. C. 785139, 65 G 19/00; publ. 7.12.80, bull. 45.
8. Feeder green mass TZM-1,5 // Handbook of mechanic farmer. - M.: Rosselchozizdat, 1985, S. 61.
9. Tower feed: A. C. 318367 And 01 F 25/16; publ. 28.10.71, bull. No. 32.
10. The set of equipment of fodder for cooking mixes CORK-15 // the directory of the mechanic farmer. - M.: Rosselchozizdat, 1985, S. 123.
11. The equipment feed MCC-2000, 3000, 6000 (LIGHTHOUSE-6) // the directory of the mechanic farmer. - M.: Rosselchozizdat, 1985, S. 120.
12. Conveyor for feeding TRK-100 and table-feeder IBS-100A // Bielski N. And., Smirnov A. I. Handbook of mechanization of livestock farms and complexes. - M.: Kolos, 1984, S. 126, Fig. 9, S. 155, Fig. 21.
13. Scraper conveyor TSN-2 // Bielski N. And., Smirnov A. I. Handbook of mechanization of livestock farms and complexes. - M.: Kolos, 1984, S. 202-207.
14. Device for batch issuance of solids: A. C. 460442, G 01 F 11/24; publ. 15.02.72, bull. No. 6.
15. Desirous The Hydrographic System Maximov. Publ. 7.06.91, bull. No. 21.
18. Installation for growing plants: A. C. 1102520 And 01 G 9/18; publ. 15.07.84, bull. No. 26.
19. Microtemplate: A. C. 1537181, A 01 G 9/14; publ. 23.01.90, bull. No. 3.
20. Greenhouse: A. C. 1371615 And 01 G 9/24; publ. 7.02.88, bull. No. 5.
21. Animal farm: A. C. 685226; 21.06.76.
22. Price lists representative office BOOGOL Ltd”, Moscow, 1993.
23. New in feeding cows: Sat. scient. Tr. / Under. Ed. by A. P. Kalashnikov. - M.: Agropromizdat, 1989.
24. Konakov A. P.; Yudaev, Y. N., Kozin, R. B. Mechanization of feeding. - M.: Agropromizdat, 1989, S. 117, Fig. 42.
25. Conveyor system for collection and transportation of metal shavings: A. C. 1553464, 65 G 37/00; publ. 30.03.90, bull. No. 12.
1. Conveyor system universal block-Integrale-sectional saharoponizhayuschee (hereinafter - KSU-BIS), comprising a conveyor for raising animals - toconvey, a conveyor for growing plants - agrocenoses industrial complex of the Central conveyor, each of which is respectively of technological lines for the storage and preparation of feed components, preparation of feed rations, transportation and distribution of animals, lines manure cleaning, storage of fertilizers and make compost, fertilizer and soil mixtures for growing plants in public and private grounds, with subsequent processing of livestock and crop products in their own factory, characterized in that all specialized conveyors consist of a functional mobile insulated, uniform sections (units) prefabricated and/or stationary construction-technological sections, collected on construction site specialized in technological lines (blocks), forming a branch of production, capable to expand, to contract, to be transformed depending on the demand for products and to ensure the functionality and continuity of traffic flows around a closed cycle from cultivation of animals and plants to the production of finished products due to the inclusion in toconvey - automated production lines feeding unit consisting of insulated polygon (cylindric Peredvizhnik sections: harvester warehouse carbometalation; mobile section of the loading and unloading of components, sostykovyvayut with the column capacity through the expansion device and the mobile section is transverse conveyor is connected to a movable section of the longitudinal conveyor or movable section and unloading transports with feeder; automatic universal production line block of the animals for their feeding, including the ring Transporter from standardized carts on rollers moving with a drive along closed guides and equipped with feeders; devices for automated individual metering components; installation modes trolley conveyor and special couplers, as well as section of the individual dosing of the components and clean the feeders, consisting of a hopper for solid components with a universal dispensers, tanks for liquid components, individual mixer, handling units and unit control line; in agrocenoses - automated, universal production line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils, consisting of mobile unified sections used in the feed block, but on the full line of transportation and distribution of harvest, made of unified design elements of an automated production line block of the animals for feeding, but with a longitudinal conveyor, equipped with a device for cleaning roots and terminal Elevator; conveyor vegetative container for growing mainly of root and tuber crops, vegetables in the open area with devices for the collection and use of stormwater and wastewater in automated production lines, vegetation, also use low-grade waste heat in air handling systems in mobile on rollers for guiding minimalized with translucent caps and double walls or mobile open containers indoors type hotbed or greenhouse, related structurally and technologically with the help of mechanisms of integration and razukomplektoval vegetative lines with automated production line planting, care and harvesting, consisting of primary and secondary branches, the main branch of which is equipped with mechanisms for removal and installation of translucent caps; mower green mass with a grinder, grind for the seed device and a work place and I seed in bins of the transportation line, equipped with universal dispensers; stationary harvester for harvesting of crops, the loading and unloading of the mixed soils, the supply of fertilizer to the plants, as well as cleaning and sanitizing of containers; a stationary unit planting potatoes with seeders for root crops and vegetable crops; the liquid processing plants; the cultivator and accessories, including auxiliary line move and sanitary processing of translucent caps, running synchronously with the line planting, care and harvesting, which are connected by a conveyor line block fertilizers, compost and mixed soils, and through line transportation and distribution of harvest and the docking devices with the Central conveyor, made from mobile or stationary, through-type sections - longitudinal conveyor, combining in a single continuous process chain all specialized production lines, including General section of the conveyor for processing of livestock products and General section of the conveyor for processing crop products in the appropriate recycling industries.
2. SIC-LSI on p. 1, wherein the outer wall, creating with the bottom of the tank, around the perimeter, opening for discharging device and forming a free space for the installation of movable partitions-harvester warehouse or loading and unloading sections on rails with stop motion and horizontal hinged wall, insulated Windows that panel; guides radial partitions which are equipped with sealing vertical and lower horizontal valve mechanism for opening and closing of the valves during the preparation of succulent fodder, cells for which the upper part is equipped with an airtight cover to boot Windows, fixed on a unified resetnavpane cover, movable in a vertical plane, each cell, components which require the seal of the content when loading and unloading by means of vertical impact to the contact device of the lattice.
3. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the movable section - loading and unloading of components and combine inventory carbometalation are standardized plants, usually in tandem with each other, each of which slides along the guides into the internal cavity plectania, depending on the functions performed, only the devices for loading and unloading components with a drive device of the working bodies or advanced technological unit with equipment which ensures the continuous performance of technological operations and includes uniform for both sections, units and aggregates - frame with the chassis and the guide roller, a frame mounted on it insulated enclosing devices beyond capacity, the device coastei dock with a column of tanks with loading and unloading mechanisms to drive them and the control system and the vehicle, the feed in the container and removed from the components and their mixtures, equipped nodes joining section with the subsequent process by another partition, and partition - harvester warehouse mixture is additionally equipped with technological unit for crushing components, their thermal and chemical processing and their subsequent mixing, depending on the process requirements and system silos, machinery loading and unloading, driving mechanisms for rotating and operating the locking bodies are assembled into boxes before the first conveyor is provided with a frame from the chassis and the guide roller; a frame with a fixed insulated enclosing the device, creating a closed, heated air volume; double-sealed openings for docking with other mobile and stationary sections; scraper conveyor with parallel-arranged branches, equipped with a motorized docking device for receiving power from the harvester storage and handling section and drive docking devices that transmit power to other abutting section and the device dock with two elevators for handling of goods transported from the lower branches on the top; unified devices for two-way end mating with the sections - longitudinal conveyor; chutes and mechanized gates with remote control devices.
5. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the movable section is longitudinal conveyor is equipped with a frame with the chassis and the guide roller; a frame with a fixed insulated enclosing the device, creating a closed, heated air volume flow or not flow type; scraper conveyor with parallel-arranged branches, drive equipped with the movable sections and with each other; a system of devices for installation if necessary bins with mechanized gates and control system.
6. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that section of the discharge transport feeder is mobile and has the frame to the chassis and the guide roller; a frame with fixing it insulated walling, creating an indoor heated air volume; hopper rear wall which is hinged to the tray, with the mechanism for lifting and lowering, for the supply of vehicle components; a universal feeder with removable pairs of folding tines; a docking device for docking with the cross conveyor; Campbellsville and truck.
7. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that each cart with a trough or vessel for the transportation of crops, bulk cargo, earthen mixes, composts when using a ring Transporter, as a vehicle or dispenser, equipped with sensors for the individual measuring components, grouped into the sensor modes trolley conveyor, and provided with contact devices to interact with the elements of the system hardware control flow lineelement with combs of typesetting dice and electromagnetic elements, contactor, copiers for on and off leash tipping truck and limit switches mounted compact or dispersed, depending on a given technology.
8. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the universal dispenser section individual dosing of the components mounted on the feed hopper has a rotor with cells whose walls are formed of blades having the shape of a trapezoid, and the body of the dispenser is the shape of a truncated cone with the transitional upper section fitted with moving along the axis of the rotor through the drive of the regulating mechanism curtain connected with moving back wall of the hopper to provide the desired volume of the dosed material through a given angle of rotation of the rotor during rotation of the drive gear, mounted on the longitudinal axis of the drive rotor in accordance with a comb gauge individual dosing, recruit the necessary number of teeth, which is mounted on the carriage and moves with it along the guides.
9. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the device is automated individual dosing of the components that are installed on the trolley includes a sensor well is mi on them fists and arms or drive, receiving the impulse from the automation system and the top of the cell for moving teeth inlaid combs, which in the lower part provided with a contact device with a spring which presses it to the fist; the sensor modes, recruited from the individual sensors dosing, in the form of polyhedral rotor rotating around an axis through the shaft with the gear on one end mounted in movable bearings on the vertical rails of the truck.
10. SIC-LSI on p. 1, wherein the discharge unit comprises a cylindrical body with a spiral guide groove and the upper holding guide; receiving hopper with feeder; fan; cyclone; devices to create air curtains on the sides; the supply and exhaust air; nozzles for mechanical cleaning of tank trucks and, if necessary, to heat and sanitizing last - heater.
11. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the individual mixer consists of a housing with guide rails for vertical movement motor with nozzles for mixing the contents of containers trucks and mechanism for lowering and lifting attachments, consisting of a system of levers, electromagnetic apollinare dispensing components.
12. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the stationary harvester harvesting of crops, ensuring the continuous performance of the process, equipped with Elevator device with cabin-bin on rollers and a mechanism for securing and lifting a container with a drive and traverse guides further horizontal movement of the cab pusher in tripper with drive and guides for subsequent transfer to the cabin, after turning 180° and release the container from the content, the operation of cleaning and sanitizing container, with subsequent return to the cabin in the tripper, and then after the rotation of the tripper 180°, return the cab into the guide beam, and further lowering movement of the container on the operation of downloading it from the tank with the Ripper, released in sieve-thunder from roots and soil mixture amended with fertilizers coming from the hopper feeder in the capacity of the CSD or in the aggregate make mixed soils compost and fertilizer, which consists of a tray-feeders of the inertial type, where necessary portion of the fertilizer is fed from the hopper through the spout of the dispenser and pen the m direction; the actuator of the dispenser and openers, located at a distance equal to the distance between the rows of plants, and harvest the crops with sieve-screen, separated from the mixture, the tray is fed into the sorting equipped with bunkers with universal dispensers and installed above the line of the transportation and distribution of the harvest.
13. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the unit planting of potato and sowing of vegetables - stationary, having a frame with hoppers for seed, equipped with motorized dampers that guides movement of the containers, guides for vertical movement of seed unit, consisting of the top carbon plate with the slots for the seed, the lower copy of the plate - gate, unified typesetting frames - fixed and mobile, with fixed - unified openers screwed type, provided with a lever mechanism for limiting vertical movement by contact with the edges of the frame, regulating, using the scale the depth of the coulters in the substrate, and supply of seeds on the copy Board and remove them by using the distributor-collector of seeds, feed hopper, mechanical shutter, Elevator, ostanes in a given technology section for planting one plant or another, and the number of sections is determined by the method of seeding and planting and seed size, affecting nesting copy boards.
14. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that minimalize, mobile on rollers on rails, consists of a container mounted on the frame, performing the role of an air duct with a valve and connecting devices on the ends, and provided with double walls on the entire surface of the container, closing the top of the fenestration cap with double walls, the injection valve and sealing devices.
15. SIC-LSI on p. 1, characterized in that the stationary construction and technology section consists of the technological lines, inherent to its construction section, sets of manufacturing equipment, components and parts mating with technological elements and engineering services, joined sections, and panel building structures equipped with embedded items, nodes, fastening devices, and in this section the elements of communication as possible to be installed in the factory.