The method of processing the edge of the product spokes with chain made crochet
The invention relates to the field of needlework and is designed to handle the edges of fabric products. The method of processing the edge of the blade spokes with chain made crochet, characterized by the fact that along the lines of the processing region perform chain hook, chain stitches, under links, and the links of the chain in the form of loops put on the needle and then to stitches and links dialed on the needle, attach handles the edge of the canvas item or perform last on them. While links and chain stitches remain on the product line joining details. The chain can be performed from the front or reverse sides of the product. Putting stitches of the chain takes place simultaneously with the execution chain. The chain used in the form of closed and open loops. The technical result - the simplification of the manufacturing operations, the convenience of their performance and reducing the complexity and improving the appearance of the product. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 14 ill.
The invention relates to the field of needlework and is designed to handle the edges of the canvas, such as the neckline, shoulders, incisions under the clasp.
From the book by R. C. Reskutenai “Vya, Is the Expo-Press, 2000, pp. 188-218 and “ABC knitting Moscow, Expo Press, 2000, known methods of edge processing:
1) hinges recruited from canvas products;
2) hinged canvas products, are left open;
3) hinged in the body of the chain; Deva them for both wall or just behind the front ( Fig.1);
4) the way in which operate on the edge of a product item is knitted separately and then sewn on loops of the last row, for this proposed auxiliary yarn knit several rows, producing moist heat treatment to dissolve the series made an extra thread, and work on open loops.
In books C. Meshcheryakova “All about knitting from tips to secrets”, Moscow, “Kon-League-Press, 1999, page 30, Hannah Yaks “Full course of knitting, translated from German, Moscow, Publishing house “Niola Press, 2000, pp. 89-117, Katharina buss “Knitting”, Moscow, publishing house “Profitat”, 2001, Journal of “Cinderella” No. 102, Moscow, March, 2003, describes how edges are hinged, recruited from canvas products (Fig.2), a special issue of the journal “Verena” “Learn to knit knitting”, Moscow, October, 2002, describes how edges are hinged recruited from postade:
The line joining loops manufacturing items not in all variants looks neat and smooth; appearance does not meet the wizard.
The higher the level of appearance, the more difficult method to implement, because to sew loops manufacturing parts simultaneously from the front and the reverse sides without bias cloth is very difficult. The processing of the edge detail on the double bake can be performed only way proposed in the above literature options.
If loops for manufacturing parts to type with one side of the product, then sew the second part with the other hand without displacement relative to the first difficult.
Accession manufacturing parts only from the front side leaves on the wrong side open raw edge products.
The closest analogue of the claimed invention is the method according to kN. M. Maksimova “Knitting without secrets”, M: “Expo-Press, 2000, S. 188-218, Fig.128, 129, presented in the materials of this application illustration under Fig.1.
The disadvantage of this method is that it uses only the links of the chain which are located on the front side of the product and close the manufacturing end product item. Edge products on the wrong side not about etenia is the simplification of the manufacturing operations, the convenience of their performance and decrease the labor intensity, improve the appearance of the product.
This object is achieved in that in the method of processing the edges of the canvas products spokes with chain made hook, in which along the lines of the processing region perform chain hook, according to the invention stitches chain under the links, and the links of the chain in the form of loops put on the needle, then to stitches and links dialed on the needle, attach handles the edge of the canvas item or executes the end on them, but the links and chain stitches remain on the product line joining details.
Chain comply with the front or reverse sides of the product.
Putting stitches of the chain takes place simultaneously with the execution chain.
The chain used in the form of closed and open loops.
When processing the edge of the fabric product of the claimed method does not bias the product and manufacturing details even when sewing, because the thread stitch is opposite the stitch chain. Loop during execution of the seam can be taken directly from the spokes, this is due to convenience of location opposite the hinges links or stitches and a simple variation of the weld. There is no need Primitivo, limit strength. If for model, you must perform flexible treatment option, when you run it from the chain, open them and work on loops, for which the last link of the chain should not be inferred, and further requires each link how to remove the previous one.
The invention is illustrated in the photos.
In Fig.1 shows a chain with hook.
In Fig.2 shows the completed chain.
In Fig.3 presents the time of the set of loops from under the stitches.
In Fig.4 provides a view dialed loops from under the stitches.
In Fig.5 shows part of the processing details performed from the front side of the product.
In Fig.6 shows the moment of a set of loops from under the chain.
In Fig.7 shows part of the processing details performed on front and back sides.
In Fig.8 presents the time of the connection of the two welts that cover the treated region.
In Fig.9 presents the execution of the railing.
In Fig.10 shows the execution bakey double height for folding and sewing.
In Fig.11 is sewn to the links of chain binding.
In Fig.12 presents the execution time of the chain while simultaneously putting stitches on Spezza.
On the reverse side of the product along the line neckline on canvas carry out chain (chain stitch) using the hook. To do this, make the first loop and dragged her on the wrong side of the canvas shoulder seam; on the hook one loop, pierce the canvas, capturing the thread, put it through the puncture point and the loop on the hook.
On the front side of the product trying to enter the loop from under the stitches chain stitch so that the stitches remained under recruited for the strap loops on the part of the product, not the neckline. The obtained loops handle.
To run the strap on the double bake spokes on the line knit fabric trims on the front side of the product and temporarily leave. On the second spokes on the line trying to enter the loop from under the chain chain stitch on the wrong side of the product so that the braids left side of the product, not the neckline. Perform the second canvas bakey on the reverse side. Combine knitting loops of the two strips and provyazat two together (one loop from the upper spokes, the other from the bottom), connecting them thus together. Perform the plank of the selected pattern and close the loop of the previous row with a needle.
For processing firesale bend the fabric in half and sew seam “loop in loop” to the links of the chain on the reverse side of the product.
1. The method of processing the edge of the blade spokes with chain made hook, in which along the lines of the processing region perform chain hook, characterized in that the stitches of the chain, under links, and the links of the chain in the form of loops put on the needle, then to stitches and links dialed on the needle, attach handles the edge of the canvas item or executes the end on them, but the links and chain stitches remain on the product line joining details.
2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the chain do with the front or reverse side of the canvas.
3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the attachment of the stitches of the chain takes place simultaneously with the execution chain.
4. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the chain used in the form of closed and open loops.
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: fabric has ribs course made from low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course made from high-elasticity thread knitted-through in conjunction with ribs loops on reverse side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric is further provided with additional ribs course of low-elasticity thread and warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise additional warp-knitted plain course of high-elasticity thread knitted-through, in conjunction with ribs loops, on face side of fabric to define, together with ribs loops, doubled loops. Fabric may comprise at least one ribs course of low-elasticity thread arranged between loop courses with doubled ribs and warp-knitted plain course loops.
EFFECT: elimination of curling of fabric and, accordingly, simplified sewing of articles manufactured from such a fabric.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: weft-knitted double fabric comprises, in various combinations, first row of elastic made from low-stretchable thread, row of jersey structure of hyperelastic thread whose stitches are arranged at face side or at reverse side of knitted fabric, rows of stitches at face side or reverse side of knitted fabric and press thrown-on stitches at face side or reverse side of low-stretchable thread, additional rows of elastic of low-stretchable thread, fourth row of stitches at reverse side of fabric, and press thrown-on stitches at face side of low-stretchable thread.
EFFECT: improved quality of fabric due to elimination of curling of fabric.
4 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: production of knitted articles with pockets.
SUBSTANCE: method involves knitting article on single or double jersey flat machine up to portion where pocket is to be knitted; knitting pocket with sequential reduction until desired depth of pocket is obtained, with following adding; providing reduction of operating needles by more than two rows of stitches; providing transfer of outer stitches or group of stitches at junction sites of sides of pocket sackcloth after each reduction operation, and knitting thread on free needle.
EFFECT: simplified process for manufacture of articles and reduced labor intensity.
FIELD: production of combined double knitted fabric for manufacture of special-purpose underwear articles.
SUBSTANCE: combined double knitted fabric has satin stitch-type courses arranged at both sides of knitted fabric, and transferred links. Satin stitch-type courses are arranged in alternation with lasting rows according to 4+1 pattern. Knitted fabric has additional course within pattern repeat, including lasting links of 2+1 pattern, each second link of which is transferred onto links of adjacent column from reverse side onto face side of knitted fabric, and thrown-on links arranged in courses, from which previous link had been transferred so that cell is formed. In each ninth course, lasting links of 4+1 pattern are offset by two link columns.
EFFECT: provision for producing of knitted fabric with improved form stability and increased heat-shielding properties provided by manufacture of cellular structure.
FIELD: production of knitted fabric.
SUBSTANCE: weft knitted fabric is made by columnar satin stitched weaving and press-type double-rib knit fabric weaving, said weavings being joined with one another through press-weaving underlaps. Columnar satin stitched weavings formed from boucle-type relief twisted yarn intersect with press-type weaving stitches of double-rib knit fabric formed from smooth yarn at face sides of said stitches.
EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric, reduced material usage, elimination of coiling and double-sided boucle effect.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, weft-knitted fabric of derived weaves, designed for production of domestic, sportive and technical articles.
SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric comprises two layers of derived lasting weave, said layers being connected with one another. Underlaps of one knitted fabric layer are wound around underlaps of other layer. Each link in each layer has underlap, said underlaps being made elongated. Courses of face links and reverse links are arranged in alternation.
EFFECT: increased form stability of knitted fabric.
FIELD: manufacture of knitted products.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing looping of knitted fabric on two-hook needle, including operation of laying of new thread on needle without throwing and including selective throwing of former threads, with at least one former thread being left on needle.
EFFECT: increased density and reduced unraveling of knitted fabric.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of patterned weave knitted fabrics.
SUBSTANCE: double weft-knitted openwork fabric comprises portions of background loops formed by double ribbed weave and groups of pattern loops consisting of doubled courses. Each of groups of patterned loops comprises inclined courses with increased clearance closed by zigzag-shaped thread lengths of transferred throw-ups. Inclined courses are arranged at least at an angle of 45 deg to horizontal plane and formed in each pattern repeat by transferring through course the group comprising at least three loops of one side of knitted fabric onto adjacent needles of the same needle bar to one or other side and subsequent transfer in each row of the group of at least four adjacent loops of other side of knitted fabric in the same direction onto needles of other needle bar at least two times in succession.
EFFECT: wider range of types of knitted fabric and articles due to creating openwork pattern of definite texture with portions of inclined courses.
FIELD: production of knitted articles.
SUBSTANCE: method involves setting structure of knitted fabric in the form of repeat pattern consisting of alternating standard elements; converting set structure into machine language code and knitting knitted fabric on programmable machine. Standard elements used by said method are portions of thread with constant properties. Location of standard elements in repeat pattern is set by generalized coordinates thereof, said generalized coordinates being increments of geometric coordinates on thread portion and relative (local) geometric coordinates of leading and tailing parts of said portion.
EFFECT: improved physico-mechanical properties of thread portion.
FIELD: manufacturing of domestic and technical knitted products.
SUBSTANCE: double-layer knitted fabric consists of two satin-stitch layers, patterned or combined single weft-knitted weaving, wherein stitches of one layer are connected with stitches of other layer by selective drawing thereof according to pattern one through the other without throwing thereof onto one another.
EFFECT: wider range of double-layer knitted products and provision for creating basic structure with reduced material usage.