The method of ensiling green mass of plants
The invention is intended for use in feed for the ensilage of green mass of feed. The proposed method is that when the ensilage of green mass of plants use biological product “Lactometer” in the amount of 100-150 g/I. Introduction in ferment ground Lactosefree” helps to improve the quality of the produced food, there is the best preservation of the protein. table 2.
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular animal feed production, and can be used in the ensiling of green mass of the feed.
Known bacterial strain Lactobacillus Plantarum used in the ensiling of forages. This became possible due to the antagonistic activity of this strain against pathogens spoilage of silage making bacteria ferment in weight helps to improve the quality of food (1).
However, the use of this drug is limited by the capabilities of one strain.
In the result of years of research in the field of microbial ecology proved the important role of the microflora of the host protection against colonization of various pathogenic microorganisms. This dryer is the principal link in the chain of protected reactions of humans and animals against infectious diseases (2).
Currently, the most common means of maintaining the microecology of humans and animals at the optimum level and its correction are probiotics, one of the representatives is the drug "Lactometer". It includes two strains, mutually complementary and not showing mutual antagonism. This Lactobacilum acidopilum LH-1 and Bifidobacterium adolescentis B-1.
The essence of the invention lies in the fact that for the first time during the ensilage of green mass in ferment raw materials entered the preparation of Lactometer in the amount of 100-150 g/so
Higher antagonistic activity of Lactoridaceae against putrid, pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora due to the ability to synthesize many antibiotic substances, hydrogen peroxide, lysozyme, interferon, interleukin and other Strains of this drug can multiply in acidic and alkaline medium. In the process of life in a large number accumulate essential amino acids, b vitamins, Biotin, and folic acid, vitamins C and K.
All of the above indicates a wide spectrum of Lactoridaceae, which ultimately contributes to the flour-milling industry (bran) on the new technology, has no analogues in Russia. This technology eliminates the use of expensive equipment and thus reduces its price. Currently, the laboratory production the price of 1 kg of the drug is 108 rubles with VAT. 1 g of the preparation contains viable cells of Bifidobacterium 8×107, Lactobacillus - 106.
A close analogue of Lactoridaceae is an Austrian product "PRONIFER, which is much more expensive in Russia is not included. It is known the use of Prolifera" as an additive in feeding cattle (3).
However, the use of Lactoridaceae in our country is still very limited. It is environmentally safe, does not contain any chemical additives and genetically modified microorganisms. Used in veterinary medicine (4).
Example. The green mass of corn is cut, crushed, make biocontainment Lactometer. In the first embodiment, the dose of 100 g, 150 in the second, the third 200 g per 1 ton of silage. In the fourth embodiment, the green mass silouet without preservative. Ferment raw material is compacted into a 3-liter capacity, thoroughly compacted and closed with rubber corks with the venting system.
Silos of skriva the analysis of samples of silage is presented in table. 1 and 2. In the first table, given the content of acids in the silage of all variants, and the second is its chemical composition (% of dry matter). The findings suggest that the introduction of biological drug Lactometer ferment in the mass of corn allows you to optimize the ratio of organic acids to improve the safety of feed nutrients.
In the stern, prepared by the proposed method, contained the largest number of lactic acid and protein at 10-13% more than in the control variant.
Thus, the ensilage of green mass of plants with the use of a biological product of Lactoridaceae due to the wider range of its validity (as opposed to analog Lactobacillus Plantarum) improves the quality of the produced food. This is not only due to the biochemical processes under the action of bacteria with amylolytic and proteolytic activity, but the optimum ratio of cultures with regard to their impact on the microbiological processes that occur in the silo.
When making ferment in a mass of 200 g of the drug per 1 tonne observed the best preservation of the protein, however, decreases the pH, i.e. the silo is more acidic. SLT dose of 100-150 g/so
Sources of information
1. The SU inventor's certificate No. 1784641, CL. 12 N 1/20, 9/06, And 23 To 3/02 (similar).
2. Freter, R., Macias M. E. Probiotics: Prospect of use in Opportunistic Infect. 1995, 19-34.
3. Huber H., Aigner J., Hinterkomer J., Plank J. "Pronifer" - ein neuer Futterzusatz Aufzuchkalber Bauer, 1985. T. 38. No. 21. - S. 4.
4. Subbotin Century. Century. Lactometer (biphidumbacterin) - new domestic probiotic for veterinary use. Proceedings of the International Conf., dedicated to the 125th anniversary of the State Academy of veterinary medicine named after. N. E. Bauman. - Kazan, 1998. - S. 160-161.
The method of ensiling green mass of plants comprising the application of bacterial preparations, characterized in that ferment raw materials contribute “Lactometer” in the amount of 100-150 g/so
FIELD: food production.
SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing silage before feeding it to animals, said preparing process including detoxifying silage and improving its quality with the use of feed bentonite and phosphogypsum, with said components being used in the following ratio, wt%: feed bentonite 60; phosphogypsum 40; treating silage at the rate of 5-8 g per 1 kg of silage 6-12 hours before feeding silage to animals.
EFFECT: improved quality of silage.