Device for reclamation of mining dumps and tailings

 

The invention relates to a device for reclaiming and can be used in mining and transport construction. The technical result of the invention is to expand the functionality of the device due to the operation of the soil seed of perennial grasses, prepared for germination. The device includes a frame, a container of piping and nozzles, means for loosening the ice rink. When this frame is installed with the possibility of vertical movement, means for loosening is made in the form of a series of pluschow and number of tillers, located on the frame in parallel, with plucky and harrows installed with the possibility of radial movement, and nozzle set for plugname. 4 Il.

The invention relates to a device for reclaiming and can be used in mining and transport construction.

Closest to the device is a device for fixing the dust-forming surfaces of tailings and rock, including a frame, a container of piping and nozzles, means for loosening the ice rink (RF patent No. 2175065, IPC 6 E 21 F 5/02, with priority from 26.04.1999).

Famous invention does not allow to freeze caused soil use: sowing, irrigation, soil preparation (fertilizer, deoxidation).

The technical result of the invention is to expand the functionality of the device due to the operation of the soil seed of perennial grasses, prepared for germination.

The essence of the invention consists in that the device for reclamation of mining dumps and tailings, comprising a frame, a container of piping and nozzles, means for loosening the ice rink, characterized in that the frame is installed with the possibility of vertical movement, means for loosening is made in the form of a series of pluschow and number of tillers, located on the frame in parallel and installed with the possibility of radial movement, and nozzle set for plugname.

During the technical phase of reclamation shall be created a certain level of fertility restored soils, which further increases to the level of zonal soils in the biological reclamation. Biological recultivation includes a set of measures to restore the fertility of degraded lands, preparation and the application of mineral and organic fertilizers. In the complex of measures for biological reclamation also includes seeding and planting of PBA all operations on biological reclamation: preparation of furrows through plughw; entering through the flow of seed, fertilizer, water and chemicals, contributing to the consolidation of the soil and the normalization of its acidity; filling furrows through those who follow him falling asleep boron; the rolling surface of the roller to prevent blowing seeds.

The first row of plughw installed under the frame with the possibility of deviation in the direction of motion, allows the formation of grooves, and the presence of springs to avoid damage from other stones. The second row of boron installed under the frame with the possibility of deviation in the direction of motion, allows you to fill the grooves formed with the stacked components in them. Planting depth depends on the depth of immersion of plughw due to the vertical movement of the frame relative to the wheels, designed for transportation of the device.

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the device of Fig.2 is a view As in Fig.3 - type B (increased), and Fig.4 - view (enlarged).

Device for reclamation of mining dumps, tailings includes: 1 - plucky, 2 - nozzle 3 - the sleeping harrows, 4 - rink, 5 - capacity, 6 - pipelines, 7 - hydraulic vertically-movable suspension, 8 - pneumatic wheels, 9 - frame, 10 - pressure sensor, 11 - cover, 12 - valve adjustment documentsea in the following sequence:

- the foot of a slope with pneumatic wheels 8 device is transported on a trailer to the tractor; - the loading capacity 5 seeds, fertilizers, water and a reagent; the device to attach troubleshoo system via fasteners 15; - with the help of hydraulic cylinders 14 are produced to move the frame with plugname and boron in the vertical direction by adjusting the immersion depth of plughw 1 and the sleeping boron 3 in the prepared surface of the slope; - move the device up the slope using trossoblochnoy system of the tractor. When this happens the supply piping 6 seeds, fertilizers, water and reagent to the furrows done by plugname, with further filling near boron; - supply of seeds, fertilizers, water and reagent directly to the place is through the openings of the nozzles 2; - back device is rink 4 with PTFE coating carrying out the compaction of the mixed layer; - when the device is the top of the slope using trossoblochnoy system is its lateral movement, pneumatic wheels 8 are provided in the transport position; - using a second tractor and rope system is the descent of the device down the slope in the source for the plants is:

- increase strength recultivating layer;

- efficiency and high performance for remediation on the surfaces of engineering structures;

* versatile device that allows you to combine the work of several mechanisms.

Claims

Device for reclamation of mining dumps and tailings, containing a frame, a container of piping and nozzles, means for loosening the ice rink, characterized in that the frame is installed with the possibility of vertical movement, means for loosening is made in the form of a series of pluschow and number of tillers, located on the frame in parallel, with plucky and harrows installed with the possibility of radial movement, and nozzle set for plugname.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the field of mining, in particular for the remediation of the earth surface coastal zones of water objects

The invention relates to mining, in particular to the development of the tailings processing plants

The invention relates to mining and can be used for developing low-power and strong technological fields, in particular for the recovery of valuable components of rare and precious metals from old, reclaimed tailings

The invention relates to the protection of the natural environment and is intended for use in construction of oil and gas wells on land

The invention relates to the mining industry and can be used for backfill worked-out areas and created internal dumps

The invention relates to a method of agricultural use lignicola and coal mine fields resulting from the Stripping

The invention relates to the development of quarrying and can be used for reclamation of upland quarries

The invention relates to the mining industry and can be used in reclamation of disturbed lands

The invention relates to the mining industry and can be used when nutricula enrichment rocks

The invention relates to mining, mainly to open mountain works, and can be used in the reclamation of the quarry hollows

FIELD: earth recovery during drilling work performing.

SUBSTANCE: method involves waterproofing sump walls and bottom; filling thereof with used drilling mud; pumping-out liquid phase and filling thereof with peat and mineral ground. Liquid phase is previously accumulated in the sump and cleaned. Mineral ground, peat and used drilling mud are mixed one with another and supplied to bank slope or to road slope. Then grass is planted on slopes. Cleaned liquid phase is used for grass watering.

EFFECT: increased quality of earth sump reclamation.

1 dwg

FIELD: mining, particularly reclamation of surface-mined areas in agriculture and building industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves selectively excavating, moving and accumulating ground layer and overburden in separate strip dumps; excavating open-pit field; filling and smoothing thereof and ground layer laying. After open-pit field excavation the excavated space is filled with building waste up to high ground water layer. The building waste has composition close to that of natural minerals with different fraction dimensions. The building waste is laid in several layers each having thickness of 40-60 cm. Each layer is compacted with soil compactors or compacting mechanism. Then draining layer is laid. The draining layer has particle dimensions of 150-200 mm and thickness of not less than 0.6 m. The draining layer is compacted by vibratory plates. Draining layer is covered with fertile ground so that fertile ground layer having thickness of not less than 0.3 m is created. Then straw layer in which chemical fertilizers and perennial grass seeds are added is formed over fertile ground layer. The straw layer is smoothed and sprinkled with dispersions containing water-soluble polymeric substances and synthetic water-soluble phosphates, wherein synthetic water-soluble phosphates are taken in amount of 1-4% by ready dispersion weight.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and reclamation work costs, improved land protection against wind erosion and scouring.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining, particularly reclamation of surface-mined areas in agriculture and building industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves selectively mining, moving and accumulating ground layer and overburden in separate strip dumps; excavating open-pit field; smoothing thereof and ground layer laying. After open-pit field excavation the excavated space is filled with building waste up to high ground water layer. The building waste has composition close to that of natural minerals with different fraction dimensions. The building waste is laid in several layers each having thickness of 40-60 cm. Each layer is compacted with soil compactors or compacting mechanism. Then draining layer is laid. The draining layer is layer of gravel-sand ground with particle dimensions of not more than 200 mm and has thickness of not less than 0.6 m. The draining layer is compacted by vibratory plates. Then two parallel spiral channels are excavated along each pit perimeter from slope side. Coil of each channel starts at pit slope top and terminates at bottom thereof at upper ground water level. Both channels are filled with building waste having particle dimensions of not more than 150 mm. After that holes for trees planting are dug out, wherein the holes are arranged between channel coils. Drainage layer is located on hole bottoms so that the drainage layer is connected with building waste of the channels and holes are filled with fertile ground. Then perennial grass, bushes and trees are planted in the reclamated land.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs and reclamation work costs, improved land protection against wind erosion and scouring.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: environment protection, particularly to protect nature against dust blown off with wind from man-made massif surfaces.

SUBSTANCE: method involves contouring dust-forming surface and creating protective structures on dust-forming man-made massif surface in two mutually perpendicular directions, namely transversely to and along prevailing wind action directions; determining wind speed Vlim, m/s which provides maximum permissible dust concentration and maximal prevailing wind speed Vmax, m/s at massif sanitary zone boundary; partitioning man-made massif surface into square areas; installing protective barriers along protective barrier perimeters, wherein the protective barriers are formed of cellular material. Each square area has side length Lar determined from mathematical expression.

EFFECT: reduced dust carryover.

2 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: mining, construction engineering, possible use during technical reclamation of quarry pits.

SUBSTANCE: method includes extracting the quarry field, forming paired stopping walls in extracted space of quarry field, filling the space between paired stopping walls by construction wastes, while preserving full height of draining and ventilation channels, and building a ceiling. After extraction of quarry field, present hanging sides of quarry walls are collapsed to impart required verticality to them, flexible longitudinal links are attached to quarry walls with following guniting of quarry walls with solidifying solution across whole perimeter of extracted quarry space. Then, quarry bottom is evened out with following densification by means of rolling with appropriate machines and devices, after that wells are drilled in soil by means of washout and soil is mixed with solidifying solution, then reinforcing cage is mounted therein with simultaneous feeding of concrete mixture for making iron-concrete pile in soil-cement cover, while diameters of soil-cement covers overlap one another, creating a foundation having increased filtration and hardness characteristics, paired stopping walls are built along perimeter of quarry, letting flexible longitudinal links through them with their following attachment inside paired stopping walls, and columns are set up to make a ceiling.

EFFECT: expanded area of possible use of extracted and reclaimed quarries, for example, for further industrial construction.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, possible use for reclamation of damaged lands in agriculture, power-construction industrial branches.

SUBSTANCE: method includes, after extraction of quarry field is finished, closure of each quarry by reinforced structures made in form of sleeves of geo-synthetic material and filled with milled construction wastes, while ends of sleeves are sewn shut. Reinforced structures are placed one after another, closely to each other. On top of reinforced structures, draining layer is filled, then a layer of stripping rocks and finally a layer of potentially fertile soil with following seeding thereof with perennial grasses, brushes and trees.

EFFECT: decreased laboriousness and costs of restorative operations.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes separation of fertile layer during opening of mineral resources and stocking of rock during extraction of same, planning of open mines by backfill with rock and application of fertile layer with restoration of vegetation in accordance to land usage direction. During backfill of rocks into open mines, inclined trench is made from earth surface to open part of exposed formation outlet being left in sides of mine, which provides access and following underground extraction of left deposit resources, and is meant to be a part of payable area.

EFFECT: combination of coal extractive processes with reclamation of lands and preservation of access to concealed resources for their later extraction.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: methods of underground or surface mining, particularly reclamation of surface-mined areas after production of building stone and other surface-sited minerals.

SUBSTANCE: method involves developing open-pit field; caving hanging walls of the pit; forming floor; installing one-sided form and filling the created space with claydite-concrete; arranging heat-insulation and water-proofing screen along pit wall so that the screen extends for the full wall length, wherein the heat-insulation and water-proofing screen includes heat-insulation material combined with waterproofing sheets of surface waterproofing agent; erecting paired support walls provided with natural ventilation system along pit perimeter so that the support walls are spaced predetermined distance from pit wall; covering space between paired support walls and pit wall with surface waterproofing agent and filling the treated space with ice.

EFFECT: extended field of exhausted pit usage, for instance for further freezing facility construction.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining and processing industry, particularly to reclaim soil in agriculture and building and power engineering industries.

SUBSTANCE: method involves performing selective mining, conveying and stacking ground layer and overburden in separate strip dumps; developing pit field; filling exhausted space with building waste in several layers along with rolling of each building waste layer; leveling thereof with overburden and laying ground layer. Pit is filled with building waste up to mid-height pit level, but not under ground water level. After that building waste is rolled and covered with overburden for total pit filling. Then overburden layer is leveled. To prevent ground settlement wells are formed along filled pit surface, wherein the wells are formed up to design depth and are filled with building waste with each building waste portion compaction. Overburden layer, building waste layer, reinforced structure level formed of geo-synthetic sleeves filled with building waste milled to obtain particle dimensions of not more than 150 mm are serially laid on filled pit.

EFFECT: decreased labor inputs and costs.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction and mining, particularly reclamation of pit depressions after building stone and other surface mineral production.

SUBSTANCE: method involves working out pit; filling the worked-out space; leveling thereof and laying ground layer thereon. After pit working-out ditch and water-draining trenches are formed along pit perimeter to impart regular geometrical shape to pit along with pit side flattening to obtain pit sides inclination of not more than 30° along with following pit side compaction by rolling thereof with compaction machines and mechanisms; pouring sand on designed pit slopes; laying impervious screen made of high-density polyethylene on sand layer; pouring ground layer having thickness of not less than 0.5 m on the impervious screen; covering pit bottom with clay layer; compacting clay layer and inclining thereof towards collecting well composed of reinforced concrete rings; arranging radial bed drainage of crushed stone and sand on pit bottom so that the drainage is directed towards collecting well; forming water-removal ditch along pit perimeter; filling the pit with compacted building waste briquettes; arranging clay screen having thickness of not less than 0.3 m over building waste briquettes; arranging plant layer on clay screen.

EFFECT: decreased labor inputs and reclamation work costs.

Up!